Jive Records

Last updated
Jive Records
Jive Records logo.svg
Parent company Sony Music Entertainment
Founded1981;40 years ago (1981) [1]
Founder Clive Calder
Defunct2011
Status
  • Inactive
Distributor(s) Legacy Recordings (reissues)
GenreVarious
Country of origin United States
Location New York, New York
Official website www.rcarecords.com

Jive Records was an American independent record label formed in 1981 and was owned by Sony Music Entertainment since 2003. Formerly headquartered in New York City, Jive was best known for its string of successes with hip hop artists in the 1980s and 1990s, and also in teen pop and boy bands during the late 1990s and early 2000s. Since 2011, the label has been in hibernation with its previous operations having been absorbed by RCA Records.

Contents

History

1970s: Beginnings

In 1971, South African musicians Clive Calder and Ralph Simon began a publishing and management company. It was named Zomba Records and relocated to London, England, four years later; their first client was a young Robert "Mutt" Lange. Zomba originally wanted to avoid record labels, choosing instead to focus on their songwriters and producers while allowing other established labels to release the material. [2] Later that decade, the company opened offices in the US, where Calder began a business relationship with Clive Davis, whose Arista Records began releasing material by Zomba artists.

1980s: Formation and early distribution at Arista and RCA

In 1981, Zomba formed Jive Records, whose operations began with the release of British dance and pop music such as Q-Feel, A Flock of Seagulls, and Tight Fit. [1] Its name was inspired by township Jive, a type of music that originated in South Africa. [3] Davis had hoped that Zomba's connection with Mutt Lange would help alleviate the difficulties Arista was having finding potentially successful rock acts.

By 1982, Calder was introduced to Barry Weiss, a young college graduate who took Calder out to hip-hop clubs in New York City for his job interview with Zomba. He was immediately impressed: Together, they began grooming musicians for what would eventually become Whodini. After two days, the group created and recorded its hit single "Magic's Wand." While the group would eventually leave Jive, the early success allowed the label to focus on hip-hop artists throughout the 1980s. [1] In 1987, Jive cut distribution ties with Arista, effectively separating them from Davis's authority, who eschewed Hip Hop. As the 1980s drew to a close, the label entered a distribution deal with Arista's sister label RCA Records, and it continued to sign Hip hop acts including DJ Jazzy Jeff & The Fresh Prince, Too $hort, Schoolly D and even Kid Rock.

1990s: Hip hop and teen pop

In 1991, Jive's distribution deal with RCA expired. At this time, Bertelsmann Music Group acquired a minority share of the label and began to distribute its records directly. By the early 1990s, Jive had opened offices in Chicago as well and had also become a premier label in the genres of Hip Hop and R&B with the success of D-Nice, E-40, UGK, A Tribe Called Quest, Hi-Five, KRS-One/Boogie Down Productions, R. Kelly and Aaliyah. By the late 1990s, Jive began signing pop acts Backstreet Boys, NSYNC and Britney Spears. All three achieved massive success as the 2000s dawned, becoming the three best-selling acts in the label's history.

Weiss became CEO and president of Jive Records in 1991. After two decades, he left Jive in March 2011 for Universal Music Group. [4]

2000s: Acquisition by BMG and Sony

In 2003, BMG acquired the remainder of Jive's parent company Zomba for US$2.74 billion, which at the time was the largest-ever acquisition of an independent label with major-label distribution. The following year, BMG merged with Sony Music Entertainment to form Sony BMG. During this time, Jive's management and distribution were briefly configured under the newly formed Zomba Label Group. Zomba Label Group, along with Jive, would later be absorbed into the RCA Music Group. In 2008, Sony and BMG dissolved its merger, with the former buying out shares of the latter. As a result of Sony's buyout, Jive (along with its BMG sisters RCA and Arista) became a wholly owned unit of a refreshed Sony Music Entertainment. The label was later reorganized with some artists moving to a restructured Epic Records, while others remained with Jive at RCA Music Group. [5] [6]

2010s: Dormancy

On October 7, 2011, it was announced that Jive, along with Arista and J Records, would be retired to refresh and re-brand RCA Records by not confusing or diluting it with other labels. [7] All retained artists on those labels were moved to RCA Records. [8] The label is currently in hibernation, with the distribution of its back catalog handled by Sony Music's Legacy Recordings. Previously, the Jive brand was being exclusively used under the Sony Music France division under the name Jive Epic in France until 2019, when it was absorbed into RCA Records France. [9]

Discography

Artists

Notes

    Related Research Articles

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    Bertelsmann Music Group Record label company

    Bertelsmann Music Group (BMG) was a division of German media company Bertelsmann before its completion of sale of the majority of its assets to Sony Corporation of America on 1 October 2008. Although it was established in 1987, the music company was formed as RCA/Ariola International in 1985 as a joint venture to combine the music label activities of RCA Corporation's RCA Records division and Bertelsmann's Ariola Records and its associated labels which include Arista Records. It consisted of the BMG Music Publishing company, the world's third largest music publisher and the world's largest independent music publisher, and the 50% share of the joint venture with Sony Music, which established the German American Sony BMG from 2004 to 2008.

    Pete Waterman Entertainment

    Pete Waterman Entertainment (PWE) is the production company one-time pop and dance record label owned by British pop mogul Pete Waterman. The label, originally PWL, is most famous for being the home of hit record producers Stock Aitken Waterman.

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    Volcano Entertainment

    Volcano Entertainment was an American all-round music record label founded in 1996 which released albums by Tool, 311, Size 14, Survivor and "Weird Al" Yankovic. The Volcano Records catalog is owned by RCA Records, a division of Sony Music Entertainment.

    J Records

    J Records is an American record label owned and operated by Sony Music Entertainment, and was distributed through the RCA Music Group. The label was founded in 2000 by Clive Davis and was dissolved into RCA Records in 2011.

    So So Def Recordings

    So So Def Recordings is an American record label based in Atlanta, Georgia, United States, and owned by producer Jermaine Dupri, specializing in Southern hip hop, R&B and bass music. So So Def has managed artists such as Bow Wow, Kris Kross, TLC, and Usher.

    Zomba Group of Companies Record label

    The Zomba Group of Companies was a music group and division owned by and operated under Sony Music Entertainment. The division was renamed to Jive Label Group in 2009 and was placed under the RCA/Jive Label Group umbrella. In 2011, the RCA/Jive Label Group was split in half. Multiple Jive Label Group artists were moved to Epic Records while others stayed with Jive as it moved under the RCA Music Group. In October 2011 Jive Records was shut down and their artists were moved to RCA Records.

    BMG Heritage Records was the record label of the BMG Strategic Marketing Group reissue division of Sony BMG Music Entertainment which handled the reissue of recordings first issued on the RCA Victor, Arista, Buddah, Windham Hill and Jive Records, as well as other labels BMG or predecessor companies acquired over the years. It was founded on November 2001 and formally established on January 1, 2002 as the successor company to the Buddha Records reissue label. In 2005, Sony BMG folded BMG Heritage into Legacy Recordings.

    Clive Ian Calder is a South African-born British billionaire record executive and businessman primarily known for co-founding the Zomba Group with Ralph Simon, and its subsidiary Jive Records. As of September 2020, Calder is worth $5.8 billion.

    RCA/Jive Label Group

    RCA/Jive Label Group was a short-lived American record label group, owned by Sony Music Entertainment and representing the merger of the RCA Music Group and Jive Label Group. The umbrella group was formed in 2007 under the name BMG Label Group, was rebranded as RCA/Jive Label Group in 2009. In July 2011 it was finally dissolved into two separate labels: the RCA Music Group and Epic Records which took Jive subsidiaries until October 2011 when it retired Jive Records along with Arista Records and J Records. The artists on those three labels were moved to RCA Records.

    Barry Weiss American music executive and producer (born 1959)

    Barry Weiss is an American music executive and producer who is currently an executive with RECORDS, a label he co-founded. He got his start at Clive Calder's Jive Records before working his way up to the head of the RCA/Jive Label Group. While at Jive, Weiss fostered artists like Britney Spears, Justin Timberlake, NSYNC, Chris Brown, Backstreet Boys, A Tribe Called Quest, and many others. He left the organization in 2011 to join the Universal Music Group prior to co-founding RECORDS in 2015.

    Battery Records (hip hop)

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    RCA Music Group was an umbrella group of labels distributed by Sony Music Entertainment that existed between March 2004 and 2009, and for a short period of time between July 2011 and October 2011 as all RCA Music Group labels were merged with RCA Records.

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    References

    1. 1 2 3 Malan, Rian (25 July 2002). "The $3 Billion Man: Clive Calder". Rolling Stone . 901: 26, 28.
    2. Knopper, Steve (2009). Appetite for Self-Destruction: The Spectacular Crash of the Record Industry in the Digital Age . New York: Free Press. pp.  80–104. ISBN   978-1-4165-5215-4.
    3. "History of Zomba Records Ltd. – FundingUniverse".
    4. Archived December 11, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
    5. "Peter Edge Appointed CEO of RCA Music Group". Billboard. 8 August 2011.
    6. "L.A. Reid's First Week at Epic Has Some Staffers Feeling 'Energized'". Billboard. 12 July 2011.
    7. 'RCA Execs Confirm Jive and Arista Labels Shut Down', by Shirley Halperin, Hollywood Reporter, 10/7/2011.
    8. https://www.rollingstone.com/music/music-news/rca-folds-arista-jive-and-j-records-236750/
    9. "Labels - Sony Music - France". Sony Music France.