Thompson Township, Michigan
Thompson Township Hall
Location within Schoolcraft County
|• Supervisor||Theresa Lund|
|• Total||118.4 sq mi (306.6 km2)|
|• Land||112.9 sq mi (292.5 km2)|
|• Water||5.4 sq mi (14.1 km2)|
|Elevation||682 ft (208 m)|
|• Density||5.9/sq mi (2.3/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||1627161|
Thompson Township is a civil township of Schoolcraft County in the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2000 census, the township had a total population of 671.
A civil township is a widely used unit of local government in the United States that is subordinate to a county. The term town is used in New England, New York, and Wisconsin to refer to the equivalent of the civil township in these states. Specific responsibilities and the degree of autonomy vary based on each state. Civil townships are distinct from survey townships, but in states that have both, the boundaries often coincide and may completely geographically subdivide a county. The U.S. Census Bureau classifies civil townships as minor civil divisions. Currently, there are 20 states with civil townships.
Schoolcraft County is a county located in the Upper Peninsula of the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2010 census, the population was 8,485. The county seat is Manistique, which lies along the northern shore of Lake Michigan. The county is named in honor of Henry Schoolcraft, who explored the area with the expedition of Lewis Cass. The county was founded in 1843 and organized in 1876. The county is largely rural and forested, with much of its western portion within Hiawatha National Forest.
In the United States, a state is a constituent political entity, of which there are currently 50. Bound together in a political union, each state holds governmental jurisdiction over a separate and defined geographic territory and shares its sovereignty with the federal government. Due to this shared sovereignty, Americans are citizens both of the federal republic and of the state in which they reside. State citizenship and residency are flexible, and no government approval is required to move between states, except for persons restricted by certain types of court orders.
After the timber boom of the late 19th century, Thompson Township's chief assets included second-growth trees such as balsam and aspen. The schooner Rouse Simmons , loaded with balsam Christmas trees, left Thompson Harbor for Chicago in November, 1912. The schooner sank with all hands off Two Rivers, Wisconsin, becoming one of the most famous shipwrecks in Lake Michigan history.
Abies balsamea or balsam fir is a North American fir, native to most of eastern and central Canada and the northeastern United States.
Aspen is a common name for certain tree species; some, but not all, are classified by botanists in the section Populus, of the Populus genus.
The Rouse Simmons was a three-masted schooner famous for having sunk in a violent storm on Lake Michigan in 1912. The ship was bound for Chicago with a cargo of Christmas trees when it foundered off Two Rivers, Wisconsin, killing all on board.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 118.4 square miles (307 km2), of which 112.9 square miles (292 km2) is land and 5.4 square miles (14 km2) water. The total area is 4.59% water.
The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy. The Census Bureau is part of the U.S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States.
Thompson Township has a shoreline on Indian Lake and Lake Michigan, as well as containing portions of the Hiawatha National Forest. Palms Book State Park and Indian Lake State Park are also located within the township. Major roadways include U.S. Route 2, M-94, and M-149.
Indian Lake is a lake in Schoolcraft County, Michigan, United States. Measuring six miles long and three miles wide, and covering 8,400 acres (3,400 ha), it is the fourth largest inland lake on Michigan's Upper Peninsula. Indian Lake is bordered by the two units of Indian Lake State Park on its south and west shores and by Palms Book State Park on its northwest shore.
Lake Michigan is one of the five Great Lakes of North America and the only one located entirely within the United States. It is the second-largest of the Great Lakes by volume and the third-largest by surface area, after Lake Superior and Lake Huron. To the east, its basin is conjoined with that of Lake Huron through the wide Straits of Mackinac, giving it the same surface elevation as its easterly counterpart; the two are technically a single lake.
Hiawatha National Forest is a 894,836-acre (362,127 ha) National Forest in the Upper Peninsula of the state of Michigan in the United States. Commercial logging is conducted in some areas. The United States Forest Service administers this National Forest; it is physically divided into two subunits, commonly called the Eastsideand Westside . In descending order of land area it lies in parts of Chippewa, Delta, Mackinac, Alger, Schoolcraft, and Marquette counties. Chippewa and Mackinac counties are in the East Unit, whereas the rest are in the West Unit. The smaller East Unit contains about 44% of the forest's area, whereas the larger West Unit has about 56%. Forest headquarters are located in Escanaba, Michigan. East Unit ranger district offices are located in Sault Ste. Marie and St. Ignace, while West Unit offices are in Manistique, Munising, and Rapid River.
As of the censusof 2000, there were 671 people, 278 households, and 219 families living in the township. The population density was 5.9 per square mile (2.3/km²). There were 608 housing units at an average density of 5.4 per square mile (2.1/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 87.93% White, 0.30% African-American, 9.54% Native American, 0.15% Asian, 0.30% from other races, and 1.79% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.30% of the population.
A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. This term is used mostly in connection with national population and housing censuses; other common censuses include traditional culture, business, supplies, and traffic censuses. The United Nations defines the essential features of population and housing censuses as "individual enumeration, universality within a defined territory, simultaneity and defined periodicity", and recommends that population censuses be taken at least every 10 years. United Nations recommendations also cover census topics to be collected, official definitions, classifications and other useful information to co-ordinate international practices.
Population density is a measurement of population per unit area, or exceptionally unit volume; it is a quantity of type number density. It is frequently applied to living organisms, and most of the time to humans. It is a key geographical term. In simple terms population density refers to the number of people living in an area per kilometer square.
There were 278 households out of which 26.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 71.9% were married couples living together, 3.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.2% were non-families. 16.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.68.
Marriage, also called matrimony or wedlock, is a culturally recognised union between people, called spouses, that establishes rights and obligations between them, as well as between them and their children, and between them and their in-laws. The definition of marriage varies around the world, not only between cultures and between religions, but also throughout the history of any given culture and religion. Over time, it has expanded and also constricted who and what is encompassed. Typically, it is an institution in which interpersonal relationships, usually sexual, are acknowledged or sanctioned. In some cultures, marriage is recommended or considered to be compulsory before pursuing any sexual activity. When defined broadly, marriage is considered a cultural universal. Article 16 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights declares that "Men and women of full age, without any limitation due to race, nationality or religion, have the right to marry and to found a family. They are entitled to equal rights as to marriage, during marriage and at its dissolution. Marriage shall be entered into only with the free and full consent of the intending spouses."
In the township the population was spread out with 19.8% under the age of 18, 5.7% from 18 to 24, 23.0% from 25 to 44, 34.1% from 45 to 64, and 17.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 103.0 males.
The median income for a household in the township was $38,750, and the median income for a family was $41,731. Males had a median income of $41,250 versus $26,500 for females. The per capita income for the township was $24,045. About 7.5% of families and 8.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.3% of those under the age of 18 and 3.8% of those 65 and older.
Indian Trails provides daily intercity bus service via Thompson between St. Ignace and Ironwood, Michigan.
Mackinac County is a county in the Upper Peninsula of the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2010 census, the population was 11,113. The county seat is St. Ignace. Formerly known as Michilimackinac County, in 1818 it was one of the first counties of the Michigan Territory, as it had long been a center of French and British colonial fur trading, a Catholic church and Protestant mission, and associated settlement.
Gogebic County is the westernmost county in the Upper Peninsula in the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2010 census, the population was 16,427. The county seat is Bessemer. This was historically part of the territory of the Lake Superior Band of Chippewa, which had twelve bands in Michigan, Wisconsin and Minnesota. The Lac Vieux Desert Indian Reservation is in this county, in Watersmeet Township, as the land base of one of the federally recognized tribes.
Hagar Township is a civil township of Berrien County in the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2010 census, the township population was 3,671.
Tuscarora Township is a civil township of Cheboygan County in the U.S. state of Michigan. The population was 3,038 at the 2010 census.
Kinross Charter Township is a charter township of Chippewa County in the U.S. state of Michigan. The population was 7,561 at the 2010 census, up from 5,922 at the 2000 census.
Bark River Township is a civil township of Delta County in the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2010 census, the township population was 1,578, down from 1,650 at the 2000 census. The township takes its name from the Bark River.
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Ironwood Charter Township is a charter township of Gogebic County in the U.S. state of Michigan. The population was 2,333 at the 2010 census, a very slight increase from 2,330 at the 2000 census. Ironwood Township is the home of Gogebic Community College, as well as the Gogebic/Iron County airport.
Marenisco Township is a civil township of Gogebic County in the U.S. state of Michigan. The population was 1,727 at the 2010 census, a significant increase from 1,051 at the 2000 census.
Watersmeet Township is a civil township of Gogebic County in the Upper Peninsula of the U.S. state of Michigan. The population was 1,417 at the 2010 census, slightly down from 1,472 at the 2000 census. Chippewa students made up half of the student body and winning high school basketball team in the early 2000s. It was featured in the 2007 documentary Nimrod Nation, shown on The Sundance Channel.
Oscoda Charter Township is a charter township of Iosco County in the U.S. state of Michigan. The population was 7,248 at the 2000 census.
Iron River is a city in Iron County in the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 3,029. The city is situated at the southeast corner of Iron River Township, but is administratively autonomous.
Garfield Township is a civil township of Mackinac County in the U.S. state of Michigan. The population was 1,146 at the 2010 census.
Moran Township is a civil township of Mackinac County in the U.S. state of Michigan. The population was 1,080 at the 2000 census.
Newton Township is a civil township of Mackinac County in the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2000 census, the township population was 356.
St. Ignace Township is a civil township of Mackinac County in the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2000 census, the township population was 1,024. The city of St. Ignace is located just to the south and is administered autonomously.
Brooks Township is a civil township of Newaygo County in the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2000 census, the township population was 3,671.
Mueller Township is a civil township of Schoolcraft County in the U.S. state of Michigan. The population was 245 at the 2000 census.
Balsam Township is a township in Aitkin County, Minnesota, United States. The population was 42 as of the 2010 census.
Prairie Lake Township is a township in Saint Louis County, Minnesota, United States. The population was 50 at the 2010 census.