Thopha

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Thopha
Thophasaccatasideon.jpg
Female Thopha saccata (behind, left) male (front, right)
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Thopha

Amyot and Serville, 1843
Type species
Tettigonia saccata
Fabricius, 1803
Species

Thopha colorata
Thopha emmotti
Thopha hutchinsoni
Thopha saccata
Thopha sessiliba

Thopha is a genus of cicada native to Australia. Five species are recognised, the double drummer ( Thopha saccata ), the northern double drummer ( T. sessiliba ), the golden drummer ( T. colorata ), T. emmotti and T. hutchinsoni . [1] [2] Within sessiliba, two subspecies are recognized, the nominotypical form and T. sessiliba clamoris Moulds and Hill. [3]

Cicada superfamily of insects

The cicadas are a superfamily, the Cicadoidea, of insects in the order Hemiptera. They are in the suborder Auchenorrhyncha, along with smaller jumping bugs such as leafhoppers and froghoppers. The superfamily is divided into two families, Tettigarctidae, with two species in Australia, and Cicadidae, with more than 3,000 species described from around the world; many species remain undescribed.

<i>Thopha saccata</i>

Thopha saccata, commonly known as the double drummer, is the largest Australian species of cicada and reputedly the loudest insect in the world. Documented by the Danish zoologist Johan Christian Fabricius in 1803, it was the first described and named cicada native to Australia. Its common name comes from the large dark red-brown sac-like pockets that the adult male has on each side of its abdomen—the "double drums"—that are used to amplify the sound it produces.

<i>Thopha sessiliba</i>

Thopha sessiliba, commonly known as the northern double drummer, is an Australian cicada native to Queensland, the Northern Territory and northern Western Australia. Adults perch almost exclusively on ghost gums.

Genetic and morphological data show that Thopha is closely related to the genus Arunta; together they comprise the tribe Thophini.

Related Research Articles

Cicadinae subfamily of insects

The Cicadinae are a subfamily of cicadas, containing the translucent cicadas. They are robust cicadas and many have gaudy colors, but they generally lack the butterfly-like opaque wing markings found in many species of the related Tibiceninae.

Tosenini tribe of insects

Tosenini is a tribe of cicadas in the family Cicadidae. There are at least 3 genera and about 10 described species in Tosenini, found in the Palearctic and Indomalaya.

<i>Arunta</i> genus of insects

Arunta is a genus of cicada in the thophini tribe of the Cicadinae subfamily and is allied to the genus Thopha. Two species have been described, Arunta perulata and A. interclusa. These are the only Australian cicada species that have adapted to living in mangroves.

Cicadettinae Subfamily of insects

Cicadettinae is a subfamily of cicadas in the family Cicadidae. There are at about 230 genera and 1,200 described species in Cicadettinae.

Karenia is a genus of cicadas in the family Cicadidae, found in Asia and Indomalaya. There are about six described species in Karenia.

Orapa is a genus of cicadas in the family Cicadidae, found in tropical Africa. There are about five described species in Orapa.

Selymbria is a genus of cicadas in the family Cicadidae, found in the Neotropics. There are about six described species in Selymbria.

Chlorocystini tribe of insects

Chlorocystini is a tribe of cicadas in the family Cicadidae. There are at least 20 genera and 170 described species in Chlorocystini.

Cicadatrini tribe of insects

Cicadatrini is a tribe of cicadas in the family Cicadidae. There are about 12 genera and at least 120 described species in Cicadatrini.

Hemidictyini is a tribe of cicadas in the family Cicadidae, found in the Neotropics and tropical Africa. There are at least two genera and two described species in Hemidictyini.

Lamotialnini

Lamotialnini is a tribe of cicadas in the family Cicadidae. There are about 19 genera and at least 90 described species in Lamotialnini, occurring worldwide except South America.

Parnisini is a tribe of cicadas in the family Cicadidae. There are at least 20 genera and 80 described species in Parnisini, found in the Neotropics, Palearctic, tropical Africa and Madagascar.

Taphurini tribe of insects

Taphurini is a tribe of cicadas in the family Cicadidae, found in the Neotropics. There are about 14 genera and at least 60 described species in Taphurini.

Aragualna is a genus of cicadas in the family Cicadidae, found in Venezuela. There is at least one described species in Aragualna, A. plenalinea.

Nelcyndana is a genus of cicadas in the family Cicadidae, found in southeast Asia and the Philippines. There are about five described species in Nelcyndana.

Burbunga is a genus of cicadas in the family Cicadidae, found in Australia. There are about 11 described species in Burbunga.

Psithyristriini is a tribe of cicadas in the family Cicadidae, found in the Philippines. There are about 7 genera and at least 100 described species in Psithyristriini.

Thophini is a tribe of cicadas in the family Cicadidae, found in Australia. There are at least two genera and about nine described species in Thophini.

References

  1. Moulds, Maxwell Sydney (2001). "A review of the tribe Thophini Distant (Hemiptera: Cicadoidea: Cicadidae) with the description of a new species of Thopha Amyot Serville". Insect Systematics and Evolution. 32 (2): 195–203. doi:10.1163/187631201X00155. ISSN   1399-560X.
  2. Moulds, Maxwell Sydney (30 April 2012). "A review of the genera of Australian cicadas (Hemiptera: Cicadoidea)". Zootaxa. 3287: 1–262 [56–57].
  3. Moulds, M.S., and K. B. R. Hill. 2015. Phylogeny for the tribe Thophini (Cicadoidea: Cicadidae) with the description of a new subspecies of Thopha sessiliba Distant from Western Australia. Rec. Aust. Mus. 67(2): 55-66