Cicadinae

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Cicadinae
Croat fg038.jpg
Cicada orni imago (Cicadini)
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon.png
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hemiptera
Suborder: Auchenorrhyncha
Family: Cicadidae
Subfamily: Cicadinae
Latreille, 1802
Exuviae of Tibicen plebejus nymph (Cryptotympanini) Zikadenhaut 01.JPG
Exuviae of Tibicen plebejus nymph (Cryptotympanini)
Annual Cicada, Neotibicen Annual cicada (Cicadidae, Neotibicen sp.) (28934345681).jpg
Annual Cicada, Neotibicen

The Cicadinae are a subfamily of cicadas, containing the translucent cicadas. They are robust cicadas and many have gaudy colors, but they generally lack the butterfly-like opaque wing markings found in many species of the related Tibiceninae.

Contents

Systematics

This large subfamily is here divided into tribes. Other schemes exist, which usually have a coarser subdivision. Some, however, merge the Tibiceninae here whole or partly. The genera given below were substantially revised 2010 through 2018 due to additional morphological and molecular phylogenetic analysis. [1] [2] [3]

The following tribes belong to the subfamily Cicadinae: [4] [5] [3]

  1. Arenopsaltriini Moulds, 2018
  2. Burbungini Moulds, 2005
  3. Cicadatrini Distant, 1905
  4. Cicadini Latreille, 1802
  5. Cicadmalleuini Boulard & Puissant, 2013
  6. Cosmopsaltriini Kato, 1932
  7. Cryptotympanini Handlirsch, 1925
  8. Cyclochilini Distant, 1904
  9. Distantadini Orian, 1963
  10. Dundubiini Atkinson, 1886
  11. Durangonini Moulds & Marshall, 2018
  12. Fidicinini Distant, 1905
  13. Gaeanini Distant 1905
  14. Jassopsaltriini Moulds, 2005
  15. Lahugadini Distant 1905
  16. Leptopsaltriini Moulton, J.C., 1923
  17. Macrotristriini Moulds, 2018
  18. Oncotympanini Ishihara, 1961
  19. Orapini Boulard, 1985
  20. Platypleurini Schmidt, 1918
  21. Plautillini Distant, 1905
  22. Polyneurini Amyot & Audinet-Serville, 1843
  23. Psaltodini Moulds, 2018
  24. Psithyristriini Distant, 1905
  25. Sinosenini Boulard, 1975
  26. Sonatini Lee 2010
    1. genus Hyalessa China, 1925
  27. Talcopsaltriini Moulds, 2008
  28. Tamasini Moulds, 2005
  29. Thophini Distant, 1904
  30. Tosenini Amyot & Serville, 1843
  31. Zammarini Distant, 1905

The names Platypleurini Schmidt, 1918 and Hamzini Distant 1905 refer to the same tribe. The question of name priority was submitted to the ICZN for resolution in 2018 (case 3761). The tribe Oncotympanini was reduced to subtribe level and transferred to Cicadini in 2010, [1] but was later returned to tribe status. [3]

Some notable genera include:

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Cicadidae</span> Family of cicada insects

Cicadidae, the true cicadas, is the largest family of cicadas, with more than 3,200 species worldwide. The oldest known definitive fossils are from the Paleocene, a nymph from the Cretaceous Burmese amber has been attributed to the family, but could also belong to the Tettigarctidae.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Gaeanini</span> Tribe of true bugs

Gaeanini is a tribe of cicadas in the family Cicadidae, found in the Palearctic and Indomalaya. There are about 10 genera and at least 50 described species in Gaeanini.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tosenini</span> Tribe of true bugs

Tosenini is a tribe of cicadas in the family Cicadidae. There are at least 10 described species in Tosenini, found in the Palearctic and Indomalaya.

Tibiceninae is a historical subfamily name from the insect family Cicadidae. It was first used by Distant (1889). As of 2021, the name became unavailable to zoological nomenclature due to the suppression of its type genus Tibicen Berthold, 1827 by the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature. Cicada genera grouped at the subfamily level with genus Lyristes are generally referenced under the name Cicadinae Latreille, 1802.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Cryptotympanini</span> Tribe of true bugs

Cryptotympanini is a tribe of cicadas in the family Cicadidae. They are found in the Nearctic, Palearctic, Indomalaya, Oceania, and Afrotropics.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Fidicinini</span> Tribe of true bugs

The Fidicinini are a tribe of cicadas. There are at least 20 genera and 250 described species in Fidicinini, found in the Nearctic and Palearctic.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Zammarini</span> Tribe of true bugs

The Zammarini is a tribe of cicadas. They are native to the Americas, especially the Neotropics.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Platypleurini</span> Tribe of true bugs

The Platypleurini are a tribe of cicadas from the Afrotropical and Oriental regions There are at least 30 genera and 240 described species in Platypleurini.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Dundubiini</span> Tribe of true bugs

The Dundubiini are a tribe of cicadas in the family Cicadidae, found in the Palearctic, Indomalaya, Australasia, and the Western Pacific. There are at least 180 described species in Dundubiini.

<i>Tibicen</i>

Tibicen is an historical genus name in the insect family Cicadidae that was originally published by P. A. Latreille in 1825 and formally made available in a translation by A. A. Berthold in 1827. The name was placed on the Official Index of Rejected and Invalid Generic Names in Zoology by the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature in 2021. Certain European cicada species that were included by some authors in this genus at the time of its suppression are now listed under genus Lyristes Horváth, 1926. Other formerly-Tibicen species are placed in the tribe Cryptotympanini and include the genera Auritibicen Lee, 2015, Hadoa Moulds, 2015 Megatibicen Sanborn and Heath, 2016, and Neotibicen Hill and Moulds, 2015.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Cicadettinae</span> Subfamily of cicada insects

Cicadettinae is a subfamily of cicadas in the family Cicadidae. About 230 genera and 1,200 described species are placed in the Cicadettinae.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Carinetini</span> Tribe of true bugs

Carinetini is a tribe of cicadas in the family Cicadidae, found in the neotropics. There are about 7 genera and at least 90 described species in Carinetini.

Orapa is a genus of cicadas in the family Cicadidae, found in tropical Africa. About five described species are in Orapa. Orapa is the only genus of the tribe Orapini.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tettigomyiinae</span> Subfamily of true bugs

Tettigomyiinae is a subfamily of cicadas in the family Cicadidae, found in tropical Africa. There are about 16 genera and at least 100 described species in Tettigomyiinae.

Burbunga is a genus of cicadas in the family Cicadidae, found in Australia. There are about 11 described species in Burbunga.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Leptopsaltriini</span> Tribe of true bugs

Leptopsaltriini is a tribe of cicadas in the family Cicadidae. There are at least 200 described species in Leptopsaltriini, found in the Palearctic, Nearctic, and Indomalaya.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Oncotympanini</span> Tribe of true bugs

Oncotympanini is a tribe of cicadas in the family Cicadidae, found in China and southeast Asia. There are at least 3 genera and about 12 described species in Oncotympanini.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tamasini</span> Tribe of true bugs

Tamasini is a tribe of cicadas in the family Cicadidae, found in Australia. There are at least two genera and about eight described species in Tamasini.

Tettigomyiini is a tribe of cicadas in the family Cicadidae, found in Africa and Madagascar. There are about 8 genera and at least 60 described species in Tettigomyiini.

References

  1. 1 2 Lee, Young June; Hill, Kathy B. R. (2010). "Systematic revision of the genus Psithyristria Stål (Hemiptera: Cicadidae) with seven new species and a molecular phylogeny of the genus and higher taxa". Systematic Entomology. 35 (2): 277–305. doi:10.1111/j.1365-3113.2009.00509.x. S2CID   85033043.
  2. Lee, Young June (2012). "Descriptions of two new genera and species of Cicadidae (Hemiptera) from India with some notes on tribal classification". Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift. 59 (2): 225–231. doi:10.1002/mmnd.201200018 (inactive 31 July 2022).{{cite journal}}: CS1 maint: DOI inactive as of July 2022 (link)
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 Marshall, David C.; Moulds, Max; Hill, Kathy B. R.; Price, Benjamin W.; Wade, Elizabeth J.; Owen, Christopher L.; Goemans, Geert; Marathe, Kiran; Sarkar, Vivek; Cooley, John R.; Sanborn, Allen F.; Kunte, Krushnamegh; Villet, Martin H.; Simon, Chris (2018). "A molecular phylogeny of the cicadas (Hemiptera: Cicadidae) with a review of tribe and subfamily classification". Zootaxa. Magnolia Press. 4424 (1): 1–64. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.4424.1.1. PMID   30313477. S2CID   52976455.
  4. "Zammarini Report". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 2018-05-01.
  5. Sanborn, Allen (2013). Catalogue of the Cicadoidea (Hemiptera: Auchenorrhyncha) (1 ed.). Academic Press. ISBN   9780124166479 . Retrieved 2018-05-01.

Further reading

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