Thoracocarpus

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Thoracocarpus bissectus
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon.png
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Pandanales
Family: Cyclanthaceae
Genus: Thoracocarpus
Harling
Species:T. bissectus
Binomial name
Thoracocarpus bissectus
(Vell.) Harling
Synonyms [1]
  • Dracontium bissectumVell.
  • Philodendron bissectum(Vell.) Stellfeld
  • Carludovica kegelianaLem.
  • Carludovica sarmentosaSagot ex Drude
  • Carludovica mattogrossensisLindm.
  • Carludovica bracteosaGleason

Thoracocarpus is a genus of plants first described as a genus in 1958. It contains only one known species, Thoracocarpus bissectus a hemiepiphytic vine. It is native to Costa Rica, Panama, Cuba, Trinidad & Tobago, and South America (Colombia, Venezuela, the Guianas, Brazil, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador). [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10]

Epiphyte non-parasitic plant that grows upon another plant but is not nourished by it

An epiphyte is an organism that grows on the surface of a plant and derives its moisture and nutrients from the air, rain, water or from debris accumulating around it. Epiphytes take part in nutrient cycles and add to both the diversity and biomass of the ecosystem in which they occur like any other organism. They are an important source of food for many species. Typically, the older parts of a plant will have more epiphytes growing on them. Epiphytes differ from parasites in that epiphytes grow on other plants for physical support and do not necessarily negatively affect the host. An epiphytic organism that is not a plant is sometimes called an epibiont. Epiphytes are usually found in the temperate zone or in the tropics. Epiphyte species make good houseplants due to their minimal water and soil requirements. Epiphytes provide a rich and diverse habitat for other organisms including animals, fungi, bacteria, and myxomycetes.

Vine plant with a growth habit of trailing or scandent (that is, climbing) stems or runners

A vine is any plant with a growth habit of trailing or scandent stems, lianas or runners. The word vine can also refer to such stems or runners themselves, for instance, when used in wicker work.

Costa Rica country in Central America

Costa Rica, officially the Republic of Costa Rica, is a country in Central America, bordered by Nicaragua to the north, the Caribbean Sea to the northeast, Panama to the southeast, the Pacific Ocean to the southwest, and Ecuador to the south of Cocos Island. It has a population of around 5 million in a land area of 51,060 square kilometers. An estimated 333,980 people live in the capital and largest city, San José with around 2 million people in the surrounding metropolitan area.

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  3. Streptostachys macrantha(Trin.) Zuloaga & Soderstr. - Brazil, Paraguay (Amambay)
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  1. Parodiolyra aratitiyopensisJ.R.Grande - Venezuela (Amazonas)
  2. Parodiolyra colombiensisDavidse & Zuloaga - Colombia (Caquetá)
  3. Parodiolyra lateralis(J.Presl ex Nees) Soderstr. & Zuloaga - Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, Ecuador, Peru, Brazil
  4. Parodiolyra luetzelburgii(Pilg.) Soderstr. & Zuloaga - Brazil, Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana
  5. Parodiolyra micrantha(Kunth) Davidse & Zuloaga - Brazil, Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Peru, Bolivia, Argentina, Paraguay
  6. Parodiolyra ramosissima(Trin.) Soderstr. & Zuloaga - Brazil (Bahia)
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<i>Cornutia</i> genus of plants

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  1. Cornutia australisMoldenke - Ecuador, Brazil
  2. Cornutia coerulea(Jacq.) Moldenke - Jamaica
  3. Cornutia jamaicensisMoldenke - Jamaica
  4. Cornutia obovataUrb. - Puerto Rico
  5. Cornutia odorata(Poepp.) Schauer - Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru
  6. Cornutia pubescensC.F.Gaertn. - French Guiana
  7. Cornutia pyramidataL. - southern Mexico, Central America, West Indies, Suriname, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru
  8. Cornutia thyrsoideaBanks ex Moldenke - Jamaica

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<i>Odontadenia</i> genus of plants

Odontadenia is a genus of plant in the family Apocynaceae, first described as a genus in 1841. It is native to southern Mexico, Central America, South America, and the West Indies.

  1. Odontadenia anomala(Van Heurck & Müll.Arg.) J.F.Macbr. - Peru, Bolivia
  2. Odontadenia campanulataJ.F.Morales - Colombia
  3. Odontadenia funigeraWoodson - Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Brazil
  4. Odontadenia geminata(Hoffmanns. ex Roem. & Schult.) Müll.Arg. - 3 Guianas, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, N Brazil
  5. Odontadenia glaucaWoodson - Amazonas State in S Venezuela
  6. Odontadenia gracilipes(Stadelm.) Woodson - Minas Gerais
  7. Odontadenia hypoglauca(Stadelm.) Müll.Arg. - Bolivia, Brazil
  8. Odontadenia killipiiWoodson - French Guiana, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, N Brazil
  9. Odontadenia kochiiPilg. - Guyana, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, N Brazil
  10. Odontadenia laxiflora(Rusby) Woodson - Peru, Bolivia, N Brazil
  11. Odontadenia lutea(Vell.) Markgr. - Peru, Bolivia, Brazil
  12. Odontadenia macrantha(Roem. & Schult.) Markgr. - Oaxaca, Chiapas, Central America, Trinidad & Tobago, 3 Guianas, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Brazil
  13. Odontadenia markgrafianaJ.F.Morales - French Guiana, N Brazil
  14. Odontadenia matogrossanaJ.F.Morales - Goiás, Mato Grosso
  15. Odontadenia nitida(Vahl) Müll.Arg. - Trinidad & Tobago, 3 Guianas, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Brazil, Bolivia
  16. Odontadenia perrottetii(A.DC.) Woodson - Venezuela, Colombia, Brazil, Bolivia, Guyana, French Guiana
  17. Odontadenia polyneura(Urb.) Woodson - Hispaniola
  18. Odontadenia puncticulosa(Rich.) Pulle - Central America, 3 Guianas, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Brazil, Bolivia
  19. Odontadenia stemmadeniifoliaWoodson - Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Brazil
  20. Odontadenia verrucosa(Willd. ex Roem. & Schult.) K.Schum. ex Markgr. - 3 Guianas, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Brazil, Bolivia, Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua
  1. Odontadenia cuspidataRusby = Mandevilla cuspidata(Rusby) Woodson
  2. Odontadenia duckeiMarkgr. = Mandevilla pohliana(Stadelm.) A.H.Gentry
  3. Odontadenia glandulosa(Ruiz & Pav.) K.Schum. = Mandevilla glandulosa(Ruiz & Pav.) Woodson
  4. Odontadenia macrocalyx(Müll.Arg.) Miers = Tabernaemontana macrocalyxMüll.Arg.

Macroscepis is a genus of plants in the family Apocynaceae, first described as a genus in 1819. It is native to Latin America and the West Indies.

Diploon is a genus of plant in the family Sapotaceae described as a genus in 1946.

References

  1. 1 2 Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  2. Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  3. Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  4. Williams, R.O. (1986). Flora of Trinidad and Tobago 3(4): 279-380. Government Printing Office, Port-of-Spain.
  5. Braco, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru: 1-1286. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis.
  6. Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
  7. Berry, P.E., Holst, B.K. & Yatskievych, K. (eds.) (1998). Flora of the Venenzuelan Guayana 4: 1-799. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis.
  8. Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánes, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador: 1-1181. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  9. das Graçac Lapa Wanderly, M, Shepherd, G.J., Sant'Anna Melham, T., Giulietti, A.N. & Kirizawa, M. (2003). Flora Fanerogâmica do Estado de São Paulo 3: 1-367. Instituto de Botânica, São Paulo.
  10. Hammel, B.E. & al. (2003). Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica 2: 1-694. Missouri Botanical Garden