Three-star rank

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A NATO three-star general's rank insignia US-O9 insignia.svg
A NATO three-star general's rank insignia

An officer of three-star rank is a senior commander in many of the armed services holding a rank described by the NATO code of OF-8. The term is also used by some armed forces which are not NATO members. Typically, three-star officers hold the rank of vice admiral, lieutenant general, or in the case of those air forces with a separate rank structure, air marshal.

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Australian three-star ranks

In the Australian Defence Force the following ranks of commissioned officers are awarded three-star ranks:

Official rank insignia for Australian 'three-star' officers do not use stars in the same fashion as the United States. The RAN does incorporate stars into the hardboard rank insignia for flag-rank officers but this is in conjunction with other devices. Unofficial star rank insignia are sometimes worn when serving with or visiting other military organisations in order to facilitate equivalent rank recognition.[ citation needed ]

The Chiefs of all three services within the Australian Defence Force hold three-star rank as well as three joint positions: Vice Chief of Defence Force (VCDF), Chief of Joint Operations (CJOPS) and Chief Capability Development Group (CCDG).

Bangladesh three-star ranks

Brazil three-star ranks

The three-star rank in Brazil is the second rank in a general career. The officers in this position are normally divisional commanders.

Vice Almirante Vice almirante EC.jpg
Vice Almirante
General de Divisao Brasil-Insignia de General de Divisao-V.gif
General de Divisão
Major Brigadeiro MajBrigAr V.png
Major Brigadeiro

Cambodian three-star ranks

Canadian three-maple-leaf ranks

Three maple leaves appear with St. Edward's crown and crossed sabre and baton. Prince Charles holds the rank of vice-admiral in an honorary capacity. Before unification, the rank of air marshal was the three-star equivalent for the RCAF.

Germany

The equivalent modern German three-star ranks (OF-8) of the Bundeswehr are as follows:

Not to be confused with the Generalleutnant and Vizeadmiral (two-star ranks; OF-7) of the Wehrmacht until 1945 or the National People's Army (East Germany) until 1990.

Indian three-star ranks

Indian navy vice admiral.JPG
Indian Navy Vice Admiral and car with three-stars.
Pradeep Vasant Naik crop2.jpg
Indian Air Force Air Marshal wearing both three-star and air marshal insignia

Indonesian three-star ranks

Pakistan three-star ranks

Philippines three-star ranks

United Kingdom three-star ranks

United States three-star ranks

Lieutenant General Patton during World War II Luxembourg - General Patton (12744889054).jpg
Lieutenant General Patton during World War II

A vice admiral typically commands a numbered fleet which is responsible for all naval ships within its area of responsibility. An Army or Marine Corps lieutenant general typically commands a corps-sized unit (20,000 to 45,000 soldiers), while an Air Force lieutenant general commands a large Numbered Air Force consisting of several wings. Additionally, lieutenant generals and vice admirals of all services serve as high-level staff officers at various major command headquarters and the Pentagon, often as the heads of their departments.

Russia and the USSR

In the Russian and Soviet armies, the three-star rank is colonel-general (Russian: генерал-полковник) and full admiral (Russian: адмирал). These military ranks, along with other general and admiralty ranks, appeared in 1940. Most Warsaw Pact and Soviet-aligned countries adopted this rank. The rank is often held by commanders of the ground forces, chiefs of military academies and commanders of military districts. Colonel general is considered a stepping stone to the rank of general of the army, itself essential to achieving the high rank of marshal of the Russian Federation. This title also applies to three star officers of the air force, MVD, police and militia, internal troops, FSB/KGB, border guards and some others. In the navy, the three star rank is admiral (Russian: адмирал).[ citation needed ]

Ukraine

Armed Forces of Ukraine

From June 16, 1920, in Ukraine, a colonel general becomes a three-star general (before that rank was two-star) [4] . Since 1921, the UPR ceased to exist due to the occupation of Red Army.

In 1991, Ukraine regained its independence. In the Armed Forces of Ukraine (as in other countries formed on the ruins of the USSR), the ranks and insignia were kept to the Soviet standard. Three stars on the shoulder straps have a colonel general (Ukrainian : Генерал-полковник) and an admiral (Ukrainian : Адмірал).

On July 5, 2016, he was approved by the President of Ukraine “The Unicorn Project and the Distinction Marks of the Armed Forces of Ukraine”. The draft addresses, among other things, the insignia of military personnel. It was supposed to reform the list of military ranks, among others the rank of brigadier general and commodore were to appear, and the rank of lieutenant general and vice admiral were three-star ranks. [5]

On November 20, 2017, the decree of the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine № 606 is issued, which specifies the rules for wearing and using unilateral servicemen. Colonels and admirals continue to wear three stars on the shoulder straps, but the stars instead of five rays become four rays [6] [7] .

National Police of Ukraine

Following the restoration of independence by Ukraine in 1991, law enforcement agencies (militsiya) used special ranks on the Soviet model that corresponded to military rank. In 2015, law enforcement was reformed, resulting in national police appearing. Instead of the three-star rank of "colonel-general of the militsiya", the title of "first division general" appears. [8]


14 UNR 16-06-1920 General-polkovnik.svg UA OF9-ColGen 1991-GF.png General-polkovnik ukraine-army 17.png Ukraine Admiral shoulderboard.svg UA shoulder mark 20.svg UNER20.png UA shoulder mark 20.svg UNER20.png Rank insignia of militsiya of Ukraine 16.svg Ukrainian police shoulder mark 14.svg
Colonel general
(1920-1921)
Colonel general
(1991-2009)
Colonel general
(2009-2016)
Admiral
(u. 2016)
Lieutenant
general
(project, 2016)
Vice admiral
(project, 2016)
Colonel general
(s. 2016)
Admiral
(s. 2016)
Colonel general
militsiy
(u. 2016)
First division
general
(s. 2016)

See also

Notes

    Related Research Articles

    Vice admiral NATO rank code of OF-8

    Vice admiral is a senior naval flag officer rank, equivalent to lieutenant general and air marshal. A vice admiral is typically senior to a rear admiral and junior to an admiral. In many navies, vice admiral is a three-star rank with a NATO code of OF-8, although in some navies like the French Navy it is an OF-7 rank, the OF-8 code corresponding to the four-star rank of squadron vice-admiral.

    A general officer is an officer of high rank in the army, and in some nations' air forces or marines.

    Military rank element of hierarchy in armed forces

    Military ranks or Military leadership are a system of hierarchical relationships in armed forces, police, intelligence agencies or other institutions organized along military lines. The military rank system defines dominance, authority, and responsibility in a military hierarchy. It incorporates the principles of exercising power and authority into the military chain of command – the succession of commanders superior to subordinates through which command is exercised. The military chain of command constructs an important component for organized collective action.

    Brigadier is a military rank, the seniority of which depends on the country. In some countries, it is a senior rank above colonel, equivalent to a brigadier general, typically commanding a brigade of several thousand soldiers. In other countries, it is a non-commissioned rank.

    Air vice-marshal two-star air-officer rank

    Air vice-marshal (AVM) is a two-star air officer rank which originated in and continues to be used by the Royal Air Force. The rank is also used by the air forces of many countries which have historical British influence and it is sometimes used as the English translation of an equivalent rank in countries which have a non-English air force-specific rank structure. Air vice-marshals may be addressed generically as "air marshal".

    Air marshal air-officer rank

    Air marshal is a three-star air-officer rank which originated in and continues to be used by the Royal Air Force. The rank is also used by the air forces of many countries which have historical British influence, including the Commonwealth, and it is sometimes used as the English translation of an equivalent rank in countries which have a non-English air force-specific rank structure.

    General is the highest rank currently achievable by serving officers of the British Army. The rank can also be held by Royal Marines officers in tri-service posts, for example, General Sir Gordon Messenger the Vice-Chief of the Defence Staff. It ranks above lieutenant-general and, in the Army, is subordinate to the rank of field marshal, which is now only awarded as an honorary rank. The rank of general has a NATO-code of OF-9, and is a four-star rank. It is equivalent to a full admiral in the Royal Navy or an air chief marshal in the Royal Air Force.

    Military ranks of the Soviet Union

    The military ranks of the Soviet Union were those introduced after the October Revolution of 1917. At that time the Imperial Russian Table of Ranks was abolished, as were the privileges of the pre-Soviet Russian nobility.

    Lieutenant-general (United Kingdom) senior rank in the British Army and the Royal Marines

    Lieutenant general, formerly more commonly lieutenant-general, is a senior rank in the British Army and the Royal Marines. It is the equivalent of a multinational three-star rank; some British lieutenant generals sometimes wear three-star insignia, in addition to their standard insignia, when on multinational operations.

    The Indonesian National Armed Forces (TNI) uses a simplified ranking system for the three branches of Indonesian Army, Indonesian Navy and Indonesian Air Force. Most of the ranks are similar with differences for the rank titles of the high-ranking officers. Exception exists, however, in the ranks of the service members of the Indonesian Marine Corps. While Indonesian Marine Corps is a branch of the Navy, the rank titles of the Marine Corps are the same as those of the Army, but it still uses the Navy's style insignia.

    Five-star rank Military rank

    A five-star rank is a very senior military rank, first established in the United States in 1944, with a five-star general insignia, and corresponding ranks in other countries. The rank is that of the most senior operational military commanders, and within NATO's "standard rank scale" it is designated by the code OF-10.

    A four-star rank is the rank of any four-star officer described by the NATO OF-9 code. Four-star officers are often the most senior commanders in the armed services, having ranks such as (full) admiral, (full) general, or air chief marshal. This designation is also used by some armed forces that are not North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) members.

    Gorget patches Kragenspiegel

    Gorget patches are an insignia, paired patches of cloth or metal on the collar (gorget) of the uniform, that is used in the military and civil service in some countries. Collar tabs sign the military rank, the rank of civil service, the military unit, the office (department) or the branch of the armed forces and the arm of service.

    Two-star rank military rank

    An officer of two-star rank is a senior commander in many of the armed services holding a rank described by the NATO code of OF-7. The term is also used by some armed forces which are not NATO members. Typically, two-star officers hold the rank of rear admiral, counter admiral, major general, or in the case of those air forces with a separate rank structure, air vice-marshal.

    Major general, is a "two-star" rank in the British Army and Royal Marines. The rank was also briefly used by the Royal Air Force for a year and a half, from its creation to August 1919. In the British Army, a major general is the customary rank for the appointment of division commander. In the Royal Marines, the rank of major general is held by the Commandant General.

    Vice admiral is the second-highest active rank of the Royal Australian Navy and was created as a direct equivalent of the British rank of vice admiral. It is a three-star rank. The rank is held by the Chief of Navy and, when the positions are held by navy officers, by the Vice Chief of the Defence Force, the Chief of Joint Operations, or the Chief Capability Development Group.

    Air marshal is the second highest active rank of the Royal Australian Air Force and was created as a direct equivalent of the British Royal Air Force rank of air marshal, it is also considered a three-star rank. The rank is held by the Chief of Air Force (CAF), and when the Vice Chief of the Defence Force (VCDF), the Chief of Joint Operations (CJOPS) and/or the Chief of the Capability Development executive (CCDE) are Air Force officers.

    A general officer is an officer of high military rank; in the uniformed services of the United States, general officers are commissioned officers above the field officer ranks, the highest of which is colonel in the Army, Marine Corps, and Air Force and captain, in the Navy, Coast Guard, Public Health Service Commissioned Corps (PHSCC), and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Commissioned Corps (NOAACC).

    Major general is a military rank used in many countries. It is derived from the older rank of sergeant major general. The disappearance of the "sergeant" in the title explains the apparent confusion of a lieutenant general outranking a major general and a major outranking a lieutenant.

    Ranks and insignia of the Red Army and Navy 1940–1943

    The ranks and rank insignia of the Red Army and Red Navy between 1940 and 1943 were characterised by continuing reforms to the Soviet armed forces in the period immediately before Operation Barbarossa and the war of national survival following it. The Soviet suspicion of rank and rank badges as a bourgeois institution remained, but the increasing experience of Soviet forces, and the massive increase in manpower all played their part, including the creation of a number of new general officer ranks and the reintroduction of permanent enlisted ranks and ratings.

    References

    1. 1 2 3 Selections from Regional Press. Institute of Regional Studies. October 2007. p. 75.
    2. Officers' rank insignia Archived 2009-12-14 at the Wayback Machine , British Army Website. Retrieved 2008-10-25.
    3. RAF Glossary Archived 2008-04-13 at the Wayback Machine
    4. Чмир М. Відзнаки військових звань українських збройних формувань 1917—1921 рр.
    5. Президент затвердив нові предмети однострою та знаки розрізнення Збройних Сил України
    6. Текст наказу Міністерства оборони України №606 від 20.11.2017 р.
    7. Текст наказу Міністерства оборони України №606 від 20.11.2017 р. на сайті Ліга Закон
    8. Текст Закону України «Про Національну поліцію» на сайті Голос України