Thumatha senex, the round-winged muslin, is a moth of the family Erebidae. It is found in northern and central Europe, the Alps, northern Asia Minor, the Crimea and south-western Siberia.
Moths comprise a group of insects related to butterflies, belonging to the order Lepidoptera. Most lepidopterans are moths, and there are thought to be approximately 160,000 species of moth, many of which have yet to be described. Most species of moth are nocturnal, but there are also crepuscular and diurnal species.
The Erebidae are a family of moths in the superfamily Noctuoidea. The family is among the largest families of moths by species count and contains a wide variety of well-known macromoth groups. The family includes the underwings (Catocala); litter moths (Herminiinae); tiger, lichen, and wasp moths (Arctiinae); tussock moths (Lymantriinae), including the arctic woolly bear moth ; piercing moths ; micronoctuoid moths (Micronoctuini); snout moths (Hypeninae); and zales, though many of these common names can also refer to moths outside the Erebidae. Some of the erebid moths are called owlets.
The Alps are the highest and most extensive mountain range system that lies entirely in Europe, separating Southern from Central and Western Europe and stretching approximately 1,200 kilometres (750 mi) across eight Alpine countries : France, Switzerland, Monaco, Italy, Liechtenstein, Austria, Germany, and Slovenia. The mountains were formed over tens of millions of years as the African and Eurasian tectonic plates collided. Extreme shortening caused by the event resulted in marine sedimentary rocks rising by thrusting and folding into high mountain peaks such as Mont Blanc and the Matterhorn. Mont Blanc spans the French–Italian border, and at 4,810 m (15,781 ft) is the highest mountain in the Alps. The Alpine region area contains about a hundred peaks higher than 4,000 metres (13,000 ft).
The wingspan is 15–20 mm. Not unlike Nudaria mundana ( mundana has less-rounded forewings and a more transparent appearance, less obvious spots). The central spot at the apex of the cell distinct; a larger shadowy spot at the middle of the costa, and before the marginal area of the forewing a row of spots which are especially distinct in the costal region. Another curved row of spots bounds the basal third of the forewing. The wings are sparsely scaled, giving them a thin, papery appearance.
The wingspan of a bird or an airplane is the distance from one wingtip to the other wingtip. For example, the Boeing 777-200 has a wingspan of 60.93 metres, and a wandering albatross caught in 1965 had a wingspan of 3.63 metres, the official record for a living bird. The term wingspan, more technically extent, is also used for other winged animals such as pterosaurs, bats, insects, etc., and other fixed-wing aircraft such as ornithopters. In humans, the term wingspan also refers to the arm span, which is distance between the length from one end of an individual's arms to the other when raised parallel to the ground at shoulder height at a 90º angle. Former professional basketball player Manute Bol stands at 7 ft 7 in (2.31 m) and owns one of the largest wingspans at 8 ft 6 in (2.59 m).
Nudaria mundana, the muslin footman, is a moth of the subfamily Arctiinae. It is found in Europe and Anatolia.
Adults are on wing from mid-June to mid-August in one generation.
Egg round, yellow. Larva ashy grey, very hairy, with black head. The larvae feed on lichen (especially Peltigera canina ) and mosses. Pupa stumpy, dark brown, in a dense hairy cocoon.
A lichen is a composite organism that arises from algae or cyanobacteria living among filaments of multiple fungi species in a mutualistic relationship. The combined lichen has properties different from those of its component organisms. Lichens come in many colors, sizes, and forms. The properties are sometimes plant-like, but lichens are not plants. Lichens may have tiny, leafless branches (fruticose), flat leaf-like structures (foliose), flakes that lie on the surface like peeling paint (crustose), a powder-like appearance (leprose), or other growth forms.
The moths fly on damp meadows, and are not rare in their flight-places; they come to the light at night.
The square-spot rustic is a moth of the family Noctuidae. It is found in Africa, Europe, northern Asia and North America.
Capsula sparganii, or Webb's wainscot, is a moth of the family Noctuidae. The species was first described by Eugenius Johann Christoph Esper in 1790. It is found in Europe, Central Asia, from southern Siberia to Manchuria, Korea, Turkey, Syria and Iran.
The Mottled Rustic(Caradrina morpheus) is a moth of the family Noctuoidea. It is found across the Palearctic from northern Europe to Siberia, Amur and Korea. Also in Armenia, Turkestan, It was accidentally introduced on both the east and west coasts of Canada and is so far reported in the east from New Brunswick to Ontario, and in the west from British Columbia.
Catocala fraxini, the blue underwing, also known as the Clifden nonpareil, is a moth of the family Erebidae.
Hoplodrina blanda is a moth of the family Noctuidae. It is found in the Palearctic ecozone.
Protodeltote pygarga, the marbled white spot, is a species of moth of the family Noctuidae. It is found in the Palearctic ecozone.
Sideridis rivularis, the campion, is a species of moth of the family Noctuidae. It is found in from the northern part of the Iberian Peninsula, through the whole of Europe. To the east, it is found in Central Asia and Siberia, up to Manchuria. To the south, it is found in the Mediterranean Sea region and parts of Asia Minor. In the Alps, it is found at up to 1,600 metres above sea level.
Spilosoma lubricipeda, the white ermine, is a moth of the family Erebidae. It is found throughout the temperate belt of Eurasia from Europe through Kazakhstan and southern Siberia to Amur Region, China, Korea and Japan. In China several sibling species occur.
Setina irrorella, the dew moth, is a moth of the family Erebidae. It is found in the Palearctic from Ireland, then through Europe and east to northern Asia and central Asia to the Pacific Ocean. It is missing in the high north and parts of the Mediterranean region. It is found also in the limestone Alps up to 2,000 meters above sea level.
Lithosia quadra, the four-spotted footman, is a moth of the family Erebidae. It is found in southern and central Europe then east across the Palearctic to the Amur River and Japan. It is also found in the south of Great Britain and Scandinavia.
The buff footman is a moth of the family Erebidae. It is found from western Europe east through the Palearctic to Korea and Japan.
Leucoma salicis, the white satin moth or satin moth, is a moth of the family Erebidae. The species was first described by Carl Linnaeus in his 1758 10th edition of Systema Naturae. It is found in Europe including the British Isles but not the far north. In the east it is found across the Palearctic to Japan. Also in North America where it was introduced in the 1920s.
Euxoa obelisca, the square-spot dart, is a moth of the family Noctuidae. It is found in the Palearctic ecozone.
Dicallomera fascelina, the dark tussock, is a moth in the family Erebidae. It is found in most of Europe, through the Palearctic to Central Asia to Korea.
Capsula algae, the rush wainscot, is a moth of the family Noctuidae. The species was first described by Eugenius Johann Christoph Esper in 1789. It is found in central and southern Europe, Turkey, Armenia, northern Caucasus, south-west Siberia.
Agrotis trux, the crescent dart, is a moth of the family Noctuidae. The species was first described by Jacob Hübner in 1824. It has a circum-Mediterranean distribution and is found along the coasts of France, Ireland, England, southern Europe, Algeria, Syria, Iraq, Iran, southern Russia and the Arabian Peninsula. In Africa, it is found as far south as South Africa.
The triple-spotted clay is a moth of the family Noctuidae found in most of Europe, northern Turkey, northern Iran, Transcaucasia, Caucasus, central Asia, from the Altai to Ussuri, Amur, Kuril Islands, northern Mongolia, Tibet, China, Korea, and Japan.
Cucullia absinthii, the wormwood, is a moth of the family Noctuidae. It is found from Europe to the Caucasus, Turkey, northern Iran, western Siberia, the Altai mountains, Tien-Shan and Tarbagatai.
Denticucullus pygmina, the small wainscot, is a moth of the family Noctuidae. It is found in most of Europe, ranging from northern Spain, through Portugal as far north as Finland. In the east it is found across the Palearctic to the Russian Far East and western Siberia. It is also found in North Africa, Turkey, the Caucasus region and northern Iran.
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