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Thumpstar is a pit bike manufacturer that was founded in Australia in 2004 by Timothy Hunter, a motor-cycle dealer and racer.
A pit bike is a small off-road/on-road motorcycle originally used for riding around the pits or staging area of a motocross race. Since the early 2000s pit bike racing, a sport similar to motocross, has become popular in the United States, especially in Southern California. The term pit bike can also be applied to the use of bicycles or motorcycles used to navigate any type of event staging area.
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands. It is the largest country in Oceania and the world's sixth-largest country by total area. The neighbouring countries are Papua New Guinea, Indonesia, and East Timor to the north; the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu to the north-east; and New Zealand to the south-east. The population of 26 million is highly urbanised and heavily concentrated on the eastern seaboard. Australia's capital is Canberra, and its largest city is Sydney. The country's other major metropolitan areas are Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth, and Adelaide.
Hunter came across a pit bike at a 2003 Trade fair. He considered that he could improve on the model and make his own pit bikes. In April 2004 with the assistance of a Taiwanese Company Thumpstar bikes began to be produced.
A trade fair is an exhibition organized so that companies in a specific industry can showcase and demonstrate their latest products and services, meet with industry partners and customers, study activities of rivals, and examine recent market trends and opportunities. In contrast to consumer fairs, only some trade fairs are open to the public, while others can only be attended by company representatives and members of the press, therefore trade shows are classified as either "public" or "trade only". A few fairs are hybrids of the two; one example is the Frankfurt Book Fair, which is trade only for its first three days and open to the general public on its final two days. They are held on a continuing basis in virtually all markets and normally attract companies from around the globe. For example, in the U.S., there are currently over 10,000 trade shows held every year, and several online directories have been established to help organizers, attendees, and marketers identify appropriate events.
The first Thumpstar models were released into the market between 2004 and 2006. They were the JNR 90cc, Super Hunge 110cc and the Professional Hunge 125cc. The most successful was the Professional Hunge with its CNC TUV certified full billet T6 heat treated alloy frame. Thumpstar became a well-known pit bike brand with global sales turnover reaching more than A$45 million in its first 13 months of business.
An alloy is a combination of metals or a combination of one or more metals with non-metallic elements. For example, combining the metallic elements gold and copper produces red gold, gold and silver becomes white gold, and silver combined with copper produces sterling silver. Elemental iron, combined with non-metallic carbon or silicon, produces alloys called steel or silicon steel. The resulting mixture forms a substance with properties that often differ from those of the pure metals, such as increased strength or hardness. Unlike other substances that may contain metallic bases but do not behave as metals, such as aluminium oxide (sapphire), beryllium aluminium silicate (emerald) or sodium chloride (salt), an alloy will retain all the properties of a metal in the resulting material, such as electrical conductivity, ductility, opaqueness, and luster. Alloys are used in a wide variety of applications, from the steel alloys, used in everything from buildings to automobiles to surgical tools, to exotic titanium-alloys used in the aerospace industry, to beryllium-copper alloys for non-sparking tools. In some cases, a combination of metals may reduce the overall cost of the material while preserving important properties. In other cases, the combination of metals imparts synergistic properties to the constituent metal elements such as corrosion resistance or mechanical strength. Examples of alloys are steel, solder, brass, pewter, duralumin, bronze and amalgams.
Problems with infrastructure and Trademark infringements by other company's selling counterfeit Thumpstar's caused its demise.
Learning from this, Hunter, in 2007, changed Thumpstar's name to Terra Moto and secured its intellectual property. But unlike Thumpstar, the models didn't sell well and shortly after manufacturering ceased.
In 2012, an agreement was signed May 10, to restart the company with 3 new models: the TSX 88cc, TSX 125cc and TSR 160cc. From 2013 Thumpstar began developing junior motocross bikes, releasing its TSB-C, TSX-C and TSR-C competition models in 2015. Thumpstar's have competed in the world mini moto champs in Las Vegas, with riders including Mike Brown, Dan Cartwright and Mike Leavitt.
Motocross is a form of off-road motorcycle racing held on enclosed off-road circuits. The sport evolved from motorcycle trials competitions held in the United Kingdom.
A minibike is a miniature motorcycle. Most minibikes have a four-stroke engine and are chain driven. They are not to be confused with pocket bikes. There are many mini bike brands, with the "Doodlebug mini bikes" and the "Motovox mini bike" being two of the most common. They come from the factory with 2–2.5 HP engines, but are often upgraded with 5 HP engines.
By 2015 Thumpstar was making sixteen models from 50cc to 250cc and five varieties: the TSB(basic), TSX(Mid-Range), TSR(Racing), TSK(Kids) and TSC(Competition). The bikes were designed for youths, trail riding, Motocross and pit bike racing.In April 2015 Thumpstar declared Chartreuse as its official colour.
In 2016 model upgrades include Pipe Bomb DW-1 Exhaust on the TSX and TSR models to obtain better performance.
The TSR 150 advantages from additional improvements to suspension, damping and handling with the newest designed rear linkage, whereas the TSX 140 enjoys a brand new seven Series aluminium rims and an upgraded exhaust. The TSK 50 has been fully redesigned and created as child friendly as attainable, together with smaller geometry, front and rear brake controls on the handlebars and removable training wheels.
Thumpstar was the first pit bike company to manufacture bikes with an alloy frame. The model Pro Hunge 25 which used the alloy frame was one of Thumpstar's most popular models, as it was lightweight and performed well. This model can be found in countries around the world.
Aprilia is an Italian motorcycle company, one of the brands owned by Piaggio. Having started as a manufacturer of bicycles it moved on to manufacture scooters and small-capacity motorcycles. In more recent times Aprilia has produced large sportbikes such as the 1,000 cc V-twin RSV Mille and the V4 RSV4. Aprilia has enjoyed considerable success in road-racing.
KTM AG is an Austrian motorcycle and sports car manufacturer owned by KTM Industries AG and Indian manufacturer Bajaj Auto. It was formed in 1992 but traces its foundation to as early as 1934. Today, KTM AG is the parent company of the KTM Group.
Yamaha Motor Company Limited is a Japanese manufacturer of motorcycles, marine products such as boats and outboard motors, and other motorized products. The company was established in 1955 upon separation from Yamaha Corporation, and is headquartered in Iwata, Shizuoka, Japan. The company conducts development, production and marketing operations through 109 consolidated subsidiaries as of 2012.
The Honda XR series is a range of four-stroke off-road motorcycles that were designed in Japan but assembled all over the world.
The Honda CR series is a range of off-road motorcycles made by the Honda corporation from 1973 onwards.
Husaberg was a manufacturer of enduro motorcycles with four and two-stroke engines, the displacements ranging from 125 cc to 650 cc. Originally based in Sweden, its motorcycles were latter manufactured in Austria by parent company KTM until the line was retired in 2014.
The Honda CRF series is a line of four-stroke motocross, trail, and dual sport motorcycles manufactured and marketed by Honda.
The Triumph Bonneville is a standard motorcycle featuring a parallel-twin four-stroke engine and manufactured in three generations over three separate production runs.
SV.VM was an Italian motorcycle manufacturer founded in 1971 by Piero Sironi and Fausto Vergani. Based in Milan, Italy, SWM manufactured Observed Trials, Enduro, Motocross and off-road motorcycles in the 1970s and 1980s. They started with small capacity Sachs engined enduro bikes and began making Rotax engined trials bikes in 1977. The other main manufacturers at this time included Fantic Motor, Bultaco and Montesa. Making the announcement during EICMA 2014 show in Milan, SWM are back on the market by introducing six street and off-road bikes with engine size between 300 and 650cc.
The Honda CT series was a group of Honda trail bike motorcycles made since 1964. The CT designation is a slight exception in Honda nomenclature in that "CT" does not indicate a series of mechanically related bikes, but rather a group of different bikes that are all for casual off-road use.
AJP Motos is a Portuguese manufacturer of enduro and off-road motorcycles producing single-cylinder bikes that may be seen as updated equivalents of Honda's XR bikes of the 1980s.
The Yamaha YZ125 is a motorcycle with a 124.9 cc two-stroke engine designed for motocross riding and produced by Yamaha Motor Company. 1973: Although very few were actually made, Yamaha did produce a YZ125 in 1973. It was not offered to the general public, but a dealer in good standing could submit a rider resume to the importer and hope to obtain a semi-works bike. However rare, this goes down in the books as the first bike with the YZ125 name. For the first two years it was made with dual rear shocks and in 1975 released its first monoshock design the YZ125C and has continued production with a new model being produced every year to date. The YZ 125s produced from 1996 to 2002 are considered by some to be the best dirt bikes ever, due to their wide powerband and excellent handling. The YZ125 has been ridden to five AMA National Motocross Championships, and multiple AMA Regional Supercross Championships.
The AMA Motocross Championship is an American motorcycle racing series. The motocross race series was founded and sanctioned by the American Motorcyclist Association (AMA) in 1972. The series is the major outdoor motocross series in the United States and is managed by MX Sports Pro Racing.
The Yamaha YZ450F is a four-stroke racing motocross bike built by Yamaha Motor Corporation. It was the successor to the previous YZ426F which was discontinued in 2003. It is credited by Cycle World and Dirt Rider magazines as the bike that started the four-stroke dirt bike revolution. The 2006 YZ250F and YZ450F were the first production motorcycles equipped with titanium suspension springs.
Megelli Motorcycles is a British motorcycle manufacturer, which made its debut at the Milan EICMA exhibition in November 2007. Megelli motorcycles was founded by the Managing Director of Sports and Leisure Direct UK Ltd, Barry Hall, who previously specialised in off-road Aeon all-terrain vehicles, mini bikes and pit bikes. The Megelli range is currently sold in 37 countries in Europe, Asia, Australia, Africa, North America and South America.
The Triumph Bonneville T140 is a standard motorcycle with a 750 cc (46 cu in) capacity engine that was designed and built by Triumph Engineering at Meriden near Coventry.
The Aprilia RSW-2 500 was a racing motorcycle made by Aprilia, which raced in the 500cc class of the Grand Prix motorcycle racing, starting from 1994 until 2000.