|Successor||GM Specialty Vehicles|
|Defunct||31 December 2020|
|Headquarters||Clayton, Victoria, Australia|
|Owner|| Holden |
Holden Special Vehicles (HSV) was the officially designated performance vehicle division of Holden. Established in 1987 and based in Clayton, Victoria, the company modified Holden models such as the standard wheelbase Commodore, long wheelbase Caprice & Statesman and commercial Ute for domestic and export sale. HSV also modified other non-Holden cars within the General Motors portfolio in low volumes.
Vehicles produced by Holden Special Vehicles have generally been marketed under the HSV brand name. However, in the early years, some retailed under the Holden brand in Australia whereas most cars for export (other than in New Zealand and Singapore) retailed under different names (namely, Vauxhall and Chevrolet Special Vehicles).
Holden and Tom Walkinshaw Racing – an operation owned by Scottish racing-car driver and entrepreneur Tom Walkinshaw – established Holden Special Vehicles (HSV) as a joint venture in 1987. HSV effectively replaced the Holden Dealer Team (HDT) special-vehicles operation run by Peter Brock, after Holden severed its ties with HDT in February 1987 following the Energy Polarizer and "HDT Director" controversies. With the more recent demise of TWR's global companies, HSV still remains a partnership between Holden and Walkinshaw, the joint ownership company being Premoso Pty Ltd.
Since 1987 HSV has built an array of modified vehicles, most of which have been based on Holden models powered by either Holden or GM sourced V8 engines.
The first car developed by HSV was the Holden VL Commodore SS Group A SV of 1988, which was badged and sold by Holden for Group A touring car racing homologation purposes. It went on to win the 1990 Bathurst 1000 race. The first car developed, badged and sold as an HSV was the SV88.
HSV began converting (re-manufacturing) the Chevrolet Camaro 2SS coupe and Chevrolet Silverado 2500HD pick-up truck from left-hand-drive to right-hand-drive to GM's factory standards in mid-2018. The vehicles were sold with a factory warranty via the existing HSV-Holden dealership network. To cope with the expansion, HSV moved into a new premises, also in Clayton, in early 2018. It boosted job numbers from 130 to 150 staff in order to cope with production ramping up.
With GM discontinuing Holden in 2021, a newly formed GM subsidiary, General Motors Specialty Vehicles (GMSV), imports and distributes the Silverado in the Australasia region beginning in November 2020. GMSV handles the distribution of key Chevrolet vehicles.Walkinshaw Automotive Group, the parent company of HSV, continues to re-manufacture the Silverado 1500 on behalf of GMSV.
The following is an alphabetical listing of the most notable and popular nameplates used by HSV.
The HSV Avalanche is an all-wheel drive crossover SUV that was produced from 2003 to 2005. Based on the Holden Adventra LX8 crossover wagon, the Avalanche range also incorporated a dual-cab utility model known as the Avalanche XUV, derived from the Holden Crewman Cross8. The Avalanche has been built over the following series:
The HSV Clubsport or ClubSport is a full size sports sedan that has represented the brand's highest volume seller since its introduction in 1990. It was based on the mainstream Commodore range and has been the entry-level HSV model except between 1995 and 1998, when that role was filled by the Manta range. In 1999, HSV introduced a higher specification known as the "R8". The Clubsport has been built over the following series:
The HSV Coupé is a high performance grand tourer that was produced from 2001 to 2006. It was based on the Holden Monaro, the Coupé adaptation of the third generation Holden Commodore. Its standard model range included the GTO and GTS. In 2004, the GTS was discontinued and the all-wheel drive Coupé4 introduced. Limited edition models included the GTO LE (2003 and 2006) and GTO Signature (2006). The Coupé has been built over the following series:
The HSV Grange is a full size luxury sedan and it was based on the luxury Holden Statesman and Caprice twins. The Grange has represented the HSV brand's most top of the line, luxury offering to date. Since 1997, this nameplate has replaced both the HSV Statesman and Caprice models. The Grange has been built over the following series:
The HSV GTS is a full size high performance sedan that was based on the mainstream Commodore range. Excluding the special V6-engined editions sold in New Zealand in the VN and VP series, the proper and original V8-engined GTS was introduced in Australia in 1992 with the VP series. The GTS has represented the HSV brand's most powerful offering to date. With the exception of the Z Series, when it was not part of the range, the GTS has been built over the following series:
The HSV Maloo is a performance utility that has been produced since 1990 and was based on the Holden Ute. Its distinguishing features have been high-performance V8 engines and full body kits.The name "Maloo" means "thunder" in an Aboriginal language. It is said that former HSV managing director, John Crennan, coined the name for the vehicle after reading a book on Aboriginal Australians.
In 2001, HSV introduced a higher "R8" specification. In June 2006, a regular production Z Series Maloo R8 broke the record for the world's fastest production performance pickup, at 271 km/h, (168 mph) beating the previous record holder, a Dodge Ram SRT-10 by 22 km/h.
The Maloo has been built over the following series:
The most powerful and developed version was the Gen-F 430 kW GTS Maloo, which was launched in November 2014. It featured GTS sedan mechanicals except for the Magnetic Ride Control suspension setup that, due to limited development opportunities, HSV left exclusively for the GTS sedan, Senator Signature and Grange. This Maloo was originally limited to 165 units, later increased to 250 plus 10 for export to New Zealand.
The HSV Senator is a full size luxury sports sedan that was first introduced in 1992. It was based on the Holden Berlina and Calais twins. From 1997, HSV offered a wagon variant (based solely on the Berlina, since the Calais was never built in that body shape) and a higher specification model known as the "Senator Signature". The Senator has been built over the following series:
The HSV SV88 was the first car to bear the HSV badge and was designed to compete against HDT's luxury performance Director model car. The SV88 was launched in 1988 and based on the VL Series luxury Calais.
The HSV W427 was a limited edition flagship based on the E Series, which was released to celebrate the company's 20th anniversary in 2008. It was also a car produced to address the public disappointment caused by HSV canning its ambitious HRT 427 project previewed in 2002. It was powered by a 7,011 cc (7.0 L; 427.8 cu in) LS7 V8 engine rated at 375 kW (510 PS; 503 bhp) at 6500 rpm and 640 N⋅m (472 lb⋅ft) at 5000 rpm of torque.
The Holden VL Commodore SS Group A SV was the first car produced by HSV. Developed under contract to Holden, it was released in March 1988. Modifications were made to the standard Holden 5.0 litre V8 to produce 180 kW (245 PS; 241 hp) at 5200 rpm and 380 N⋅m (280 lb⋅ft) at 4000 rpm. Best known for the polarising body kit and bluish-silver colour,[ citation needed ] the VL Group A SS was also the first model to feature a fuel-injected version of the Holden V8, with the first electronic fuel injection (EFI) VN Holden Commodore V8s not released until August 1988. The SV88 model was based on the VL Holden Calais and used a carburetored version of the V8 producing 136 kW (185 PS; 182 hp).
The range of vehicles for this series included (in chronological order):
|Model||Engine||Power||Torque||Tyres||0 – 100 km/h (62 mph)||Standing 400 m (1/4-mile)||Top speed||RRP (A$)|
|Holden Commodore SS Group A SV||4987 cc V8||180 kW (245 PS; 241 hp) @ 5200 rpm||380 N⋅m (280 lb⋅ft) @ 4000 rpm||205/55 VR 16 – Bridgestone RE71||6.9 s||15.1 s||230 km/h (143 mph)|
|SV88||4987 cc V8||136 kW (185 PS; 182 hp) @ 4400 rpm||355 N⋅m (262 lb⋅ft) @ 3200 rpm||205/55 VR 16 – Bridgestone RE71||8.98 s||16.44 s|
|SV F20||2962 cc I6||114 kW (155 PS; 153 hp) @ 5200 rpm||247 N⋅m (182 lb⋅ft) @ 3200 rpm||205/55 VR 16 – Bridgestone RE71|
|SV F20 Turbo option||2962 cc I6 with turbo||150 kW (204 PS; 201 hp) @ 5200 rpm||296 N⋅m (218 lb⋅ft) @ 3200 rpm||205/55 VR 16 – Bridgestone RE71||7.63 s||15.5 s||223 km/h (139 mph)|
A number of models based on the VN Holden Commodore were developed by HSV, the most potent of which was the Commodore SS Group A SV built for Holden's touring car homologation requirements. It featured an extensively modified version of Holden's 5.0 litre V8 to produce 215 kW (292 PS; 288 hp) at 5200 rpm and 411 N⋅m (303 lb⋅ft) at 4000 rpm coupled to a six-speed ZF S6-40 manual transmission as used in the Chevrolet Corvette ZR-1. Upgrades were also made to the suspension, tyres and brakes. Although a total production of 500 cars was original planned for racing homologation reasons, only 302 were ultimately produced in non-sequential order meaning that build number 450 may exist while build number 100 may not. The VN Group A SS was the last Holden built as a homologation racing special.
Other models used either 180 kW (245 PS; 241 hp) or 200 kW (272 PS; 268 hp) versions of the same V8 except the SV3800, which had a 179 kW (243 PS; 240 hp) 3.8-litre V6. In 1990, the first HSV Maloo was released, based on the VG series Holden Ute of the time. The lighter Ute body provided a performance edge over the other HSV sedan counterparts. Models based on the long-wheelbase Holden VQ Caprice were released soon after. The SV90 and SV93 were treated with reworked suspension, wider front track and the 180 kW (245 PS; 241 hp) V8. The Statesman 5000i (in both series I and II form) featured 200 kW (272 PS; 268 hp).
The VN series also spawned HSV V6-engined regional models, which are less known and widely based on Holden Commodore models with HSV add-ons.
The range of vehicles for this series included (in alphabetical order):
|Model||Engine||Power||Torque||Tyres||0 – 100 km/h (62 mph)||Standing 400 m (1/4-mile)||Top speed||RRP (A$)|
|Holden Commodore SS Group A SV||4987 cc V8||215 kW (292 PS; 288 hp) @ 5200 rpm||411 N⋅m (303 lb⋅ft) @ 4000 rpm||235/45 ZR 17 - Goodyear Eagle||6.5 s||14.5 s||253 [ clarification needed ]||>$68,000 (from intended $50,000)|
With the release of the VP series, HSV began introducing independent rear suspension (IRS) to its models as well as introducing new model names, Senator and GTS which continue to be used to the present day. While the entry-level Clubsport and luxury Senator are equipped with the 180 kW (245 PS; 241 hp) V8, the high-performance GTS came standard with the 200 kW (272 PS; 268 hp) version and HSV's premium brake package. LSD were standard across the range.
Following the appointment of award-winning designer Ian Callum as design chief for TWR, VR series HSV models benefited from a more cohesive and stylish body design. Upgrades were made to the 5.0 litre V8 to yield 185 kW (252 PS; 248 hp), while the GTS included a 5.7-litre stroked version producing 292 PS (215 kW) (also available as an option on the Senator) from May 1994 onwards. The VS series of 1995 introduced mild styling tweaks and a new three-spoke alloy wheel design. A value-oriented Manta was established as the base HSV model to broaden appeal. In 1996, a limited edition flagship GTS-R was created which came standard with the 5.7-litre V8, Tremec T56 six-speed transmission and "Hydratrak" limited slip differential (LSD) package. Available only in a polarising bright yellow colour (known as "XU-3 Yellah") with carbon fibre inserts and large rear wing, the GTS-R engine could be blueprinted for more power. In total, 85 GTS-Rs were produced (10 exported to New Zealand). The VS series II of 1996 introduced HSV's "Integrated Security System" (ISS) as standard, which featured an immobiliser and different electronics configuration for each car produced in an effort to deter theft. In 1996, a new Statesman-based model known as the Grange replaced previous HSV Statesman models.
|Model||Engine||Power||Torque||Tyres||0 – 100 km/h (62 mph)||Standing 400 m (1/4 mile)||Top speed||RRP (A$)|
|Maloo||4987 cc V8||185 kW (252 PS; 248 hp) @ 4800 rpm||400 N⋅m (295 lb⋅ft) @ 3600 rpm||205/55 ZR16 – Bridgestone Expedia S-01|
|Manta||4987 cc V8||185 kW (252 PS; 248 hp) @ 4800 rpm||400 N⋅m (295 lb⋅ft) @ 3600 rpm||225/50 ZR16 – Bridgestone Expedia S-01||Sedan: $45,360 (manual), $46,675 (automatic)|
Wagon: $48,640 (manual), $49,990 (automatic)
|Clubsport||4987 cc V8||185 kW (252 PS; 248 hp) @ 4800 rpm||400 N⋅m (295 lb⋅ft) @ 3600 rpm||235/45 ZR17 – Bridgestone Expedia S-01||$49,790 (manual), $51,150 (automatic)|
|Senator 185i||4987 cc V8||185 kW (252 PS; 248 hp) @ 4800 rpm||400 N⋅m (295 lb⋅ft) @ 3600 rpm||235/45 ZR17 – Bridgestone Expedia S-01||$59,785 (manual & automatic)|
|Senator 215i||5737 cc V8||215 kW (292 PS; 288 hp) @ 4800 rpm||475 N⋅m (350 lb⋅ft) @ 3600 rpm||235/45 ZR17 – Bridgestone Expedia S-01||$72,740 (manual & automatic)|
|GTS||5737 cc V8||215 kW (292 PS; 288 hp) @ 4800 rpm||475 N⋅m (350 lb⋅ft) @ 3600 rpm||235/45 ZR17 – Bridgestone Expedia S-01||6.20 s||14.60 s||246 km/h (153 mph)||$65,975 (manual& automatic)|
This series was based on the all-new Holden VT Commodore range released in August 1997. It was the last series to be powered by Australian-made 265 PS (195 kW; 261 hp) 5.0 litre V8 (cast iron block) and the 300 PS (221 kW; 296 hp) 5.7-litre stroker in the GTS. A Senator Signature wagon was introduced and was mechanically identical to the sedan counterpart. The VS ute bodyshell was retained for the Maloo. There were only 180 Manta units produced, after which this model was dropped from production due to its close competition with the donor Commodore SS model.
HSV's VT range included:
The range also comprised the XU8, which was built in limited numbers to carry last-ever Australian-made V8 engine.
The VT Series II represented a major update for HSV through the introduction of the new 340 PS (250 kW; 335 hp) 5.7 litre GENIII LS1 V8, which saw Wheels magazine name the GTS as the fastest Holden ever at the time. The Manta and Senator Signature wagon were both dropped from the line-up due to poor sale performance. The flagship GTS presented many unique features such as a Callaway tuned 300 kW (408 PS; 402 hp) version of the LS1, a 3.91 final drive ratio and the addition of toe-control links to its IRS design. The recent release of the new WH series Caprice in 2001 allowed the Grange to gain its new look. This series also saw the introduction of a supercharged V6 model named the XU6, which ultimately did not prove successful and was described as being agricultural against new competitors such as the Magna VR-X, which was rated a superior product in a direct comparison. For the first time, a more performance-oriented Clubsport was launched, known as the Clubsport R8. It came standard with HSV's "Performance" suspension and braking package, which were offered as optional extras on the Clubsport. Again, the Maloo remained available using the VS ute body shell.
HSV's VT Series II range included:
Acting on feedback from owners, HSV strove to differentiate its range of vehicles from the standard Holden offerings. To achieve this, HSV introduced more distinguishing bodykit and interior designs. This series also saw the LS1 engine output increase by 5 kW (7 PS; 7 hp). The introduction of the new VU Holden Ute allowed HSV to produce an all-new Maloo variant. A limited edition Senator 300 model also became available, equipped with the 300 kW (408 PS; 402 hp) V8 and suspension modifications from the GTS.
The range included:
The VX range saw HSV offer its first Coupé models based on the new V2 series, in GTO and GTS spec. The latter replaced the GTS sedan but was powered by a less powerful 255 kW (347 PS; 342 hp) engine. A Maloo R8 model was added with similar upgraded specification to the Clubsport R8. This series saw the addition of the XU6-Maloo, which was essentially a utility version of the XU6 sedan. This model was shortly discontinued due to a lack of demand. The special edition SV300 was introduced to replace the Senator 300. Toe-control links for the rear suspension was now fitted across the range in line with the Holden VX series update, for improved handling. The VXII update also brought with it the addition of Microdots across the range in order to reduce theft, a feature HSV refers to as HSV DNA.
The range now included:
Coinciding with the release of the VY Commodore, HSV produced the Y Series models adopting an even more distinguishing design and an alphabetical designation to further distance itself from donor Holden. While the GTS sedan returned (with a recalibrated ECU increasing power to 260 kW (354 PS; 349 hp)), the XU6 was discontinued due to a lack of demand attributed to a perceived lack of extra power relative to Holden's supercharged V6 sedans. The twin kidney grille design first introduced on the VR series Commodore became HSV's new signature grille. Finally, the Senator range was split into entry-level Senator and high-end luxury Senator Signature models.
The range included:
This upgraded range is characterised by a significant power increase to 285 kW (387 PS; 382 hp). Rumors followed that a new engine was due for release, with the development of GM's new LS2 nearly complete. This power upgrade closed the performance gap between HSV's mainstream models and the 300 kW (408 PS; 402 hp) flagship GTS, which prompted speculation that the GTS was set for a power increase as well. An updated WK Statesman/Caprice from Holden also formed the basis for the new Grange. The GTO Coupé returned, and the forays of parent company Holden into AWD saw the introduction of the Avalanche (based on the Holden Adventra), the XUV (based on the Holden Crewman), and the Coupé4 (based on the Holden Monaro). The latter was particularly significant, as it was the first time that Holden's AWD system had been used in such a low-riding application. These new additions to the range made the Y Series II the biggest HSV range in history, with 16 variants.
The range included:
This series of HSVs (released in October 2004) were known as the "Z" Series, reflecting the fact they were based on the VZ-series of the donor Holden Commodore. This saw the introduction, across the range, of the new GM LS2 V8, which generated 297 kW (400 hp). The AWD models retained the less powerful LS1. The lack of a GTS model in this series was attributable to the negligible power difference between the new LS2 models and a potential 300 kW (408 PS; 402 hp) GTS, sparking rumors that the new LS7 V8 was going to be used in the next series. In lieu of the GTS, HSV released the SV6000, which was based on the Clubsport and limited to 50 units. A new WL Statesman/Caprice model also resulted in an upgraded Grange.
The Z-series was the first range with which HSV reached the Middle East with the one-make racing ClubSport R sedans,and it was the last series to be based on the 1997–2006 VT Commodore, which adopted the V-body.
On 25 May 2006, a standard 2006 HSV Maloo R8 driven by Mark Skaife was clocked at an averaged speed of 271.44 km/h (168.7 mph) in the Woomera, South Australia. The speed was recognised by the Guinness World Records representative, Chris Sheedy, as the Fastest Production Pickup Truck recorded. The speed improved over the previous record held by a Dodge Ram SRT-10 at 248.784 km/h (154.587 mph) but as many found out after the record was set, that the R8 wasn't actually 'stock' as it included a race cold air induction system and other performance modifications which allowed it to reach 271 km/h. The stock VZ Maloo R8 top speed is actually 249 km/h and it was awarded the "Fastest 'medium' size pickup" and thus the world record doesn't comply anymore because of modifications and different pickup size.[ citation needed ]
A revised range was launched in January 2006, and is designated as the Z Series MY06 (in lieu of the more traditional "Series II" moniker).
The limited edition Signature Coupe was HSV's farewell to the Monaro/GTO as the last two door coupe manufactured in Australia.
The range included:
In addition, in July 2005, HSV released upgraded manual-only Clubsport, Clubsport R8and Coupé GTO fitted with optional 2-Stage "Dealer Team Spec" performance packages.
An all-new Holden Commodore chassis, known as the VE was unveiled in July 2006. Following this, a new range of "E" Series HSV models were released in August 2006.
Changes to the exhaust system yielded a 10 kW (14 PS; 13 hp) increase in power (see below) for the LS2 to 307 kW (417 PS; 412 hp). Extensive modifications to the base VE Commodore sheetmetal and interior were introduced, most notably the unique LED taillights and distinctive side vents. The new GM 6L80-E 6 speed automatic transmission from the VE Commodore is offered, and Electronic Stability Control is standard on all models.
The GTS, Senator Signature and Grange additionally feature switchable Magnetic Ride Control to improve ride and handling. As such, the E Series represents HSV's most expensive model developments in its history,with the MRC suspension system alone costing A$4.5 million. In October, a new Grange model based on the Holden WM Caprice was released featuring the same V8 and MRC suspension as the Senator Signature and GTS, albeit with its own unique settings.
HSV also released a HSV Senator Signature SV08 which is released in a limited run of 20 manual and 30 automatic units. This model featured lower paint-outs, sill plates and extra chrome accents on the side mirrors and door handles. It was powered by a V8 engine developing 317 kW mated to a new Tremec TR-6060 gearbox and had 20-inch "Pentagon" wheels, Magnetic Ride Control suspension system with Sport mode and Park Assist system.
In August 2008, HSV launched its new flagship model, the W427. This car is based on the GTS, but carries a 7.0 L LS7 V8 engine along with larger brakes, strengthened gearbox, revised suspension and unique MRC settings. The W427 was the most powerful car ever made in Australia until the release of the Gen-F GTS, with power outputs of 375 kW (510 PS; 503 hp) at 7000 rpm and 640 N⋅m (472 lb⋅ft) at 5000 rpm. It is still the most expensive, at $155 500.
On 28 March 2008, HSV announced that the LS3 6.2-litre engine would be fitted to all E-Series models (with the exception of the LS7 W427) from April 2008. The LS3 power output is 317 kW (431 PS; 425 hp), whilst peak torque has not increased over the LS2. 12 May 2008 saw the announcement of a new HSV E Series model; the HSV "Tourer". This new model, based on the VE Holden Sportwagon was later officially released in September 2008.
The range included:
The HSV E Series 2 range was released late 2009 and was the most major update since the release of E Series HSV's. Prices started at $65,990 for the Clubsport R8. The range received many cosmetic changes with new front and rear bumpers, twin-nostriled bonnet (from the Pontiac G8) and a new range of wheel designs. The Series 2 has a very distinctive look set of daytime running lights standard across the E2 range.On 9 September 2010, HSV released the E Series 3.
The new engines in the range are the 325 kW (442 PS; 436 hp) 6.2-litre LS3 V8 used exclusively by the HSV GTS, with the rest of the E2 range being powered by an LS3 in 317 kW (431 PS; 425 hp) trim. The new engines have also improved fuel economy by 4.2 per cent on the LS3 V8. New is the intelligent launch controls, Competition mode ESC and Extended cruise control systems which are all standard for E2 models excluding intelligent launch control which is only available with a manual transmission.
This last version of the E Series was released on 21 September 2010. The noticeable changes between E Series 2 and 3 include the GTS power has been increased to 325 kW (436 hp; 442 PS), making it once again the top of the HSV list; the GTS E Series II price has been increased to $80,990; the HSV Enhanced Driver Interface (racing version of Holden IQ), the new LPI system, LPG and unleaded fuel are $5,990 options on all models except the R8 Tourer; and the updated Holden VE II Commodore interior and new rear exhaust and rear spoilers.
|Model|| MSRP |
|Maloo R8||$64,990||317 kW (431 PS; 425 hp) @ 6000 rpm, 6.2 L|
|Clubsport R8||$67,990||317 kW (431 PS; 425 hp) @ 6000 rpm, 6.2 L|
|Clubsport R8 Tourer||$68,990||317 kW (431 PS; 425 hp) @ 6000 rpm, 6.2 L|
|Maloo R8 SV Black Edition||$67,990||317 kW (431 PS; 425 hp) @ 6000 rpm, 6.2 L|
|Clubsport R8 SV Black Edition||$71,990||317 kW (431 PS; 425 hp) @ 6000 rpm, 6.2 L|
|Clubsport R8 Tourer SV Black Edition||$72,990||317 kW (431 PS; 425 hp) @ 6000 rpm, 6.2 L|
|Senator Signature||$83,990||317 kW (431 PS; 425 hp) @ 6000 rpm, 6.2 L|
|GTS||$82,990||325 kW (442 PS; 436 hp) @ 6000 rpm, 6.2 L|
|GTS 25th Anniversary||$92,980||325 kW (442 PS; 436 hp) @ 6000 rpm, 6.2 L|
|Grange||$88,990||325 kW (442 PS; 436 hp) @ 6000 rpm, 6.2 L|
The Gen-F series, which is based on the VF Commodore series went on sale in August 2013. The HSV GTS became the most powerful production car ever produced in Australia,[ citation needed ] with 430 kW (585 PS; 577 hp) and 740 N⋅m (546 lb⋅ft) of torque. Its retail price was considerably higher than the equivalent E Series 3 models, costing over $90,000.
The range included:
Although the majority of HSV models are based on variants of the Holden Commodore, HSV has also produced a few cars based on other models part of the Holden lineup.
The HSV Astra SV1800 was released in 1988, and was based on the LD-series Holden Astra of the time (which was itself based on the Nissan Pulsar N13 series).
It shared the same 1.8L engine as the standard Astra, but was released with extractors, sports exhaust and an aerodynamic sports body kit (adopted from the Walkinshaw, which is why the SV1800 was nicknamed the Baby Walky) however, only 65 were made in both sedan and hatchback form.
The HSV VXR Turbo is a rebadged Vauxhall Astra which was imported from Belgium between 2006 and 2009. It has a 2.0 litre turbocharged 4-cylinder engine producing 176 kW (236 hp; 239 PS) and 320 N⋅m (236 lb⋅ft), coupled to a 6-speed manual transmission. Additionally it is equipped with the adaptive IDS (Interactive Driving System) suspension system along with ESC, traction control system, ABS and BA. The VXR Turbo was marketed without the Astra name.
Other than the original HSV VXR, a "Nürburgring" special edition was also launched in July 2008.
This mid-size SUV was released in July 1993 and was a cosmetic upgrade of the Holden Jackaroo, which was itself the Australian adaptation of the second generation Isuzu Trooper. It was powered by the same 130 kW (177 hp) 3.2L SOHC V6 petrol engine as the donor Holden model.
The SportsCatis based on the Holden Colorado.
The following is a chronological list of all HSV models (and build numbers, where available) since 1988, including limited editions and dealer specials.
In 2014, HSV reported the following production milestones:
HSV exported its range to New Zealand without any rebranding, as in the case of Singapore, where exports resumed in 2010 after a two-decade absence.From the 2000s, however, exports to the United Kingdom and Middle East, saw the cars rebadged Vauxhall and CSV, respectively.
Based on the VX HSV Maloo, it was fitted with a new bodykit featuring significantly flared wheel arches to accommodate wider track and 20-inch wheels. The roof was lowered and modifications made to the suspension to produce a "ground hugging" stance. The ute was powered by a LS6 V8 stroked to 6.2 litres (producing 350 kW (469 hp)) with exhaust exiting from the side.
Unveiled at the 2002 Sydney Motor Show, the HRT (Holden Racing Team) 427 was based on a modified Holden Monaro bodyshell and, among other things, it featured a 427 cubic inches (7,000 cm3) (7.0-Litre) V8 engine (adapted from the Corvette C5-R) – hence the name. Due to the high cost specifications, the business case for full production failed since Holden could not built the 427 in such limited quantities for the original asking price of A$215,000. In all, only two road and four racing versions were ever built.
This concept was unveiled at the 2004 Sydney Motor Show also based on the Monaro bodyshell. Similarities could be drawn with the HRT 427, however, this model was only intended for a one-make racing series and was powered by a modified 6.0-litre version of Chevrolet's LS2 V8 engine producing 335 kW (455 PS; 449 hp). This concept, too, never reached production.
The supercharged 6.2L LSA is similar to the LS9 and debuted in the 2009 CTS-V. The LSA has been SAE certified at 556 bhp (415 kW) at 6100 rpm and 551 lb·ft (747 N·m) at 3800 rpm. GM labels it "the most powerful ever offered in Cadillac's nearly 106-year history". The LSA features a smaller 1.9L capacity supercharger rather than the 2.3 L variant of the LS9. Other differences include a slightly lower 9.0:1 compression ratio, single unit heat exchanger and cast pistons. A 580 bhp (430 kW) and 556 lb·ft (754 N·m) version of the LSA engine is used in the 2012 Camaro ZL1. On 26 April 2013, HSV announced that this version of the LSA engine will also be used in the GEN-F GTS.
This engine was originally used in the sixth-generation Corvette Z06 that was then shipped over for usage in the W427. It made its first appearance in Australia in 2008. The W427 was designed and built to celebrate the 20th anniversary of HSV.
This engine debuted in the E Series. It is a GM built LS3 V8 customized for HSV's usage. The transition from LS2 to LS3 was primarily to meet impending Euro IV emissions requirements being introduced in Australia on 1 January 2009 and to compete against 2008's 315 kW (428 PS; 422 hp) FPV GT.
This engine debuted in the Z series. It is a GM built LS2 V8 customized for HSV's usage. One of the main reasons that this engine was used is that the LS1 V8 does not meet ADR 79/01 (Euro III) emissions regulations. This new engine also has connections to the L76 6.0-litre used in the VZ and VE Holden Commodores.
This motor started its debut in the VTII series of HSV sedans. It produced 250 kW (340 PS; 335 hp) of power – 30 kW (41 PS; 40 hp) more than HSV's previous "Stroker" 5.7 V8 used in the VT. It was a slightly de-tuned version, with 7 kW (10 PS; 9 hp) less than when it was in the two-door sports body of the Corvette. Continuous modifications were made to the LS1 engine throughout its lifetime, reaching 285 kW (387 PS; 382 hp) in the YII series, just 15 kW (20 PS; 20 hp) under the 300 kW (408 PS; 402 hp) GTS. AWD models such as the Coupé4 retained a similar configuration to other YII series models but were fitted with a more restrictive exhaust system, reducing power to 270 kW (367 PS; 362 hp). The LS1 was phased out for the new 6.0-litre LS2 in the Z Series. However, it was still used in the AWD models of the Z series.
This engine for HSV was available in 2 guises. The twin throttle bodied versions designed for racing use were available in the VL and VN Group A cars from 1988 and 1990 respectively. For the majority of HSV sedans using this capacity motor, the engines were modified versions of the standard EFI Holden V8. Note that there was also a VP equipped Clubsport 5000i that used the remaining 4 bolt main Group A blocks with SV5000 red motor ancillaries. The LS1 replaced it in the VTII series.
1. A non-EFI version was fitted to the VL Calais SV88, producing 136 kW (185 PS; 182 hp) at 4400 rpm and 355 N⋅m (262 lb⋅ft) at 3200 rpm.
2. The VL SS Group A SV Commodore was the first Holden V8 to feature Electronic Fuel Injection.
Available on the VT and VX series HSV XU6. Also only two HSV VX Senators were ever produced with a V6 Supercharged motor. There were several limited VT HSV sedans and wagons with the L67. This engine is a modified version of Holden's supercharged V6 with upgraded air intake and exhaust to boost power from the standard 171 kW (232 PS; 229 hp). Due to the popularity and superior performance of Ford's standard I6 engine, let alone the turbocharged variant, this model was removed from the line-up after the VY series.
This 4-cylinder engine is used in the HSV VXR, a model based on the Vauxhall Astra VXR/Opel Astra OPC.
In 2005, HSV provided sponsorship for the V8 Supercar team formerly known as the Kmart Racing Team. The team adopted HSV Dealer Team as their new name. With Garth Tander and Rick Kelly driving the two cars, the newly renamed team struggled in its first few outings in 2005, they found form later in the season, and from round one led the 2006 Championship to victory. Rick Kelly won the 2006 series.. In 2007, Tander and Kelly won 17 races between them out of a possible 37, with Tander winning 15 of them and four round wins, winning the championship along the way. HSVDT also won their second Teams Championship in succession. The team was disbanded for the 2009 season. HSV's remaining sponsorship is with Walkinshaw Andretti United.
HSV's direct rival was Ford Australia through its various performance arms, namely Ford Tickford Experience (FTE) from 1999, and Ford Performance Vehicles (FPV) from 2002 to 2014, with their production of modified Ford Falcon-based cars. Another rival, albeit on a smaller scale,has been Corsa Specialised Vehicles (CSV – not to be confused with HSV's exports badged Chevrolet Special Vehicles in some markets) with its Commodore-based high performance cars that included the CSV GTS of 2007. This CSV beat the HSV W427 to the market by being the first Holden vehicle powered by a 7.0L LS7 V8 engine.
The Holden Commodore is a medium to large car that was sold by Holden from 1978 to 2020. It was manufactured from 1978 to 2017 in Australia and from 1979 to 1990 in New Zealand, with production of the locally manufactured versions in Australia ending on 20 October 2017. Sales of the Commodore ended in 2020, coinciding with the discontinuation of the Holden brand and nameplate entirely.
The Holden Monaro was a rear-wheel drive coupé manufactured by General Motors Holden in Australia from 1968 to 1975 and later reintroduced from 2001 to 2005. It was also manufactured as a 4-door saloon from 1973 to 1977.
The Holden Commodore (VZ) is a full size car that was produced by the Australian manufacturer Holden from 2004 to 2006 as a sedan, and to 2007 as a wagon and Ute sold alongside the new VE series. It was the fourth and final iteration of the third generation of this Australian made model and the last to spawn a coupé variant. Its range continued to include the luxury variants, Holden Berlina (VZ) and Holden Calais (VZ).
The Holden Commodore (VE) is an executive car that was produced by the Australian manufacturer Holden from 2006 to 2013. It was the first iteration of the fourth generation of this Australian-made model. Its range included the luxury variants, Holden Berlina (VE) and Holden Calais (VE); utility models were included as the Holden Ute (VE).
The Holden Commodore (VY) is an executive car that was produced by the Australian manufacturer Holden from 2002 to 2004. It was the third iteration of the third generation of this Australian made model. Its range included the luxury variants, Holden Berlina (VY) and Holden Calais (VY); commercial versions were called the Holden One Tonner (VY), Holden Ute (VY), and Holden Crewman (VY). In 2003, the range also saw the introduction of the first Commodore-based all-wheel drive variants, including the Holden Adventra (VY) wagon.
The WM and WN series Holden Caprice are a line of full-size/executive cars produced by the Australian manufacturer Holden from September 2006 to October 2017, sold primarily in Australia and New Zealand. They were also exported in various guises to the United States, the Middle East, China and South Korea. The range debuted alongside the smaller VE series Holden Commodore, which the Caprice shares its "Zeta" platform with, on 16 July 2006 at the Melbourne Convention and Exhibition Centre.
The Holden Commodore (VN) is a full-size car that was produced by the Australian manufacturer Holden from 1988 to 1991. It was the first iteration of the second generation of this Australian made model, which was previously a mid-size car, as well as the first Commodore available as a coupé utility. The new range included the luxury variants, Holden Berlina (VN) and Holden Calais (VN) and, from 1990, introduced the commercial Holden Utility (VG).
The Holden Caprice (VQ) and Holden Statesman (VQ) were Holden's top of the line luxury sedans produced between 1990 and 1994. It was the first Statesman to be based on the Commodore line. The rear end was an all-new design, with independent rear suspension.
The Holden Commodore (VP) is a full-size car that was produced by the Australian manufacturer Holden from 1991 to 1993. It was the second iteration of the second generation of this Australian made model. Its range included the luxury variants, Holden Berlina (VP) and Holden Calais (VP).
The Holden Commodore (VT) is an executive car that was produced by the Australian manufacturer Holden from 1997 to 2000. It was the first iteration of the third generation of this Australian made model and the last one to be powered by a locally made V8 engine (1999). Its range included the luxury variants, Holden Berlina (VT) and Holden Calais (VT) but not a new generation utility version.
The Holden Commodore (VR) is an executive car which was produced by the Australian manufacturer Holden from 1993 to 1995. It was the third iteration of the second generation of the Australian built Holden Commodore. The VR range included the luxury variants, Holden Commodore Berlina (VR) and Holden Calais (VR) and a commercial model, the Holden Ute (VR).
The Holden Commodore (VS) is an executive car which was produced by the Australian manufacturer Holden from 1995 to 1997 and 2000 for utility versions. It was the fourth and final iteration of the second generation of this Australian made model. The range included the luxury variants, Holden Berlina (VS) and Holden Calais (VS).
The Holden Commodore (VX) is an executive car that was produced by the Australian manufacturer Holden from 2000 to 2002. It was the second iteration of the third generation of this Australian made model. Its range included the luxury variants, Holden Berlina (VX) and Holden Calais (VX), and it formed the basis for a new generation Holden Ute (VU) coupé utility and Holden Monaro (V2) coupé.
The Vauxhall VXR8 is a performance car marketed by Vauxhall in the United Kingdom between 2007 and 2017, based on two different models produced by Holden Special Vehicles: the HSV Clubsport (2007–2009) and HSV GTS (2010–2017). The VXR8 is the successor to both the Vauxhall Monaro VXR and the Vauxhall Omega/Carlton, initially powered by a 411 bhp (306 kW) Gen IV LS2 6.0 litre V8. From late-2009 the VXR8 was upgraded to the Gen IV LS3 6.2 litre V8 with 425 bhp (317 kW), shared with the Chevrolet Corvette C6 and the Chevrolet Camaro SS.
The Holden V8 engine is an overhead valve (OHV) V8 engine that was produced by the Australian General Motors subsidiary, Holden (GMH), between 1969 and 2000.
The Holden Commodore (VF) is an executive car that was produced by Holden between June 2013 and October 2017. It was the second and last significantly restyled iteration of the fourth generation of the Holden Commodore to be manufactured in Australia. Its range included the sedan and station wagon variants that sold under the luxury Holden Calais (VF) nameplate. Also available was the commercial utility variant that sold under the Holden Ute (VF) nameplate.
The Viper engine is a high-performance naturally-aspirated pushrod 2 valves-per-cylinder 90° V10 engine built by Chrysler for use in the vehicle of the same name.
Corsa Specialised Vehicles (CSV) is a small-scale automaker established in 1994 that is based in Mildura, Victoria, Australia. Its range consists of V8-engined high performance cars based on those produced by Holden.
The Holden Utility (VG) is a full-size utility that was produced by the Australian manufacturer Holden from 1990 to 1991. It was based upon the Holden Commodore VN) released in 1988, and was the first utility in Holden's Commodore range. It was not badged as part of the Commodore range.
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