Tom Walkinshaw Racing

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Tom Walkinshaw Racing (TWR) was a motor racing team and engineering firm founded in 1976, in Kidlington, near Oxford, England by touring car racer Tom Walkinshaw.


The company initially handled privateer work before entering works touring car racers for manufacturers such as Mazda and Rover. However, TWR became most closely associated with Jaguar, a relationship which started in 1982 with the successful entry of the Jaguar XJS into the European Touring Car Championship, chalking up a number of wins that year. The relationship continued and by 1988, TWR-Jaguar had taken its first Le Mans victory in a V12-powered XJR-9. Further success followed with a Le Mans win in 1990.

TWR and Jaguar formed JaguarSport initially to build tuned versions of Jaguar road-cars, culminating in the production of the XJ220 and XJR-15 sports cars at a new facility at Bloxham. With Jaguar bought by Ford in 1989, its relationship with TWR faded and by 1994, JaguarSport had been liquidated, with the Bloxham factory being overhauled for production of Aston Martin automobiles (also under Ford's control).

TWR nonetheless continued to achieve racing success with other manufacturers, notably winning Le Mans again in 1996 and 1997 in a Porsche-powered WSC-95. However, it was the costs resulting from the purchase of the Formula 1 team Arrows in 1996 that led to the demise of TWR in 2002.

The UK assets and facility were bought by Menard Competition Technologies. The facilities were used as Arrows Grand Prix International, Super Aguri and Caterham F1 teams headquarters. [1] The Australian part of the business was sold to Holden.

Touring and sports car racing

TWR won the 1988 FIA World Sports Prototype Championship for Teams with a XJR-9 sponsored by Silk Cut Jaguar XJR9.jpg
TWR won the 1988 FIA World Sports Prototype Championship for Teams with a XJR-9 sponsored by Silk Cut
The TWR Rover Vitesse of Tom Walkinshaw and Win Percy at the Nurburgring in 1985 Rover Vitesse 19850706.jpg
The TWR Rover Vitesse of Tom Walkinshaw and Win Percy at the Nürburgring in 1985

TWR started by modifying BMW 3.0 CSLs, but soon was contracted to head Mazda's works program in the British Touring Car Championship. The TWR developed RX-7, with Win Percy in the driving seat, won the title in both 1980 and 1981. Walkinshaw himself also took a win in the Spa 24 Hours.

After preparing the Dakar-winning Range Rover for René Metge in 1982, TWR began an association with British Leyland, preparing the Jaguar XJS and Rover 3500 Vitesse for both the BTCC and European Touring Car Championship.

Success in the latter series (as well as the French championship) with both cars led to a partnership to develop a Jaguar prototype for Group C racing, for use in both the World Sportscar Championship (WSCC) and the IMSA GT Championship (IMSA). John Egan, Jaguar chairman, was keen to put Jaguar back on the map after Jaguar was privatised in 1984 and felt that a return to sports-car racing would give Jaguar a much needed boost in international markets. As Bob Tullius' Group 44 initially ran Jaguar powered cars in IMSA, Jaguar partnered with both Group 44 (for IMSA) and TWR (for WSCC). However, it soon became clear that a single partner could successfully run in both WSCC and IMSA and so by 1988 TWR had secured the contract to run in both series.

TWR Jaguar cars won the WSCC outright in 1987, 1988 and 1991 and won the prestigious 24 Hours of Le Mans and the 24 Hours of Daytona in 1988 and 1990. The series started in 1985 with XJR-6 (Group 44 used the XJR-5 and XJR-7), designed by Tony Southgate, with a chassis built from carbon-fibre and power provided by a highly tuned Jaguar V12 engine. This was followed by XJR-8, which won the WSCC Team's Championship in 1987, then XJR-9 which won the WSCC Team's Championship in 1988 and also secured victory at Le Mans the same year, returning in much the same form as the XJR-12 to win Le Mans again in 1990. TWR developed its own engine for the next series of cars, the XJR-10 (for IMSA) and XJR-11 (for WSCC) of 1989 and 1990, employing a 3.5 litre twin-turbocharged V6, which was capable of far more power than the V12 but was less suited to 24 hour racing (hence the XJR-12 being deployed at Le Mans and the 24 hours of Daytona).

However, rule changes made the 3.5-litre turbocharged cars defunct within just one season of the WSCC and so TWR developed the all-new XJR-14 for 1991 – the first full car designed by Ross Brawn – for the final year of Jaguar racing in WSCC. Although this car won both the WSCC Drivers' and Teams' championship, Jaguar (along with almost all other manufacturers) decided that it no longer had any interest in WSCC due to unfair rule changes. For IMSA in 1991, TWR ran the XJR-16, a development of the XJR-10. In spite of six wins in fourteen races, TWR-Jaguar was placed second overall to the more consistent Nissan team. For IMSA in 1992, Jaguar's last season in sportscar racing, XJR-14 was brought to America, but lack of development to deal with tighter, bumpier US circuits, meant that it could not repeat the result of the previous year in WSCC, taking second in the Driver's championship (Davy Jones) and third in the Manufacturer's Championship.

In 1991, in parallel with production of the XJR-14, TWR also developed the £500,000 XJR-15 for a select group of cusomers, based on the Le Mans winning XJR-9. This was raced in its own series, the Jaguar Intercontinental Challenge, supporting F1 races at Monaco, Silverstone and Spa. The winning driver, Armin Hahne, took a US$1m prize. The car was also road-legal, the only road-car to be fully designed and built by TWR.

In Australia, Walkinshaw Racing competed in the Australian Touring Car Championship, including spells as factory-back teams under the names Holden Racing Team and HSV Dealer Team.

TWR modified its XJR-14 design (which had also been used by Mazda in the final years of the World Sportscar Championship as the rebadged Mazda MXR-01) into the TWR WSC-95 for Porsche. Porsche decided against using it in 1995 due to a sudden rule change, but in 1996 it was entered at Le Mans by Joest Racing and won the race, a feat it repeated the following year at the 1997 24 Hours of Le Mans.

In 1997, Nissan Motorsports turned to Tom Walkinshaw Racing to help them develop the Nissan R390 GT1 race car (a re-bodied XJR-15) to compete in sports car racing. [2] In the 1998 24 Hours of Le Mans, Nissan was able to achieve considerable success with all four of their cars finishing the race, placing 3rd, 5th, 6th, and 10th overall. [3]

Team members

Davy Jones in the XJR-10, 1990, Del Mar DAVY JONES2.jpg
Davy Jones in the XJR-10, 1990, Del Mar

During this period, TWR worked with many of the world's leading drivers, including Win Percy, Martin Brundle, John Watson, Armin Hahne, Steve Soper, Jeff Allam, John Goss, Jean-Louis Schlesser, Gianfranco Brancatelli, Denny Hulme, Raul Boesel, David Coulthard, Jan Lammers, Johnny Dumfries, Larry Perkins, Patrick Tambay, David Leslie, Andy Wallace, John Nielsen, Davy Jones, Alexander Wurz, Manuel Reuter, Derek Warwick, David Brabham, Michele Alboreto, Stefan Johansson, Denis Lian, Tom Kristensen amongst others.

Raul Boesel (1987), Martin Brundle (1988) and Teo Fabi (1991) each won the WSCC Driver's Championship, driving for TWR-Jaguar. TWR secured victory at Le Mans in 1988 for Andy Wallace, Johnny Dumfries and Jan Lammers; in 1990 for Brundle, Nielsen and Cobb; in 1996 for Davy Jones, Alexander Wurz and Manuel Reuter and in 1997 for Michele Alboreto, Stefan Johansson and Tom Kristensen.

A number of prominent motor-racing engineers made careers at TWR, including Roger Silman (Operations Director); Tony Southgate (Engineering Director) and Ross Brawn (Engineering Director). Ian Callum was Design Director from 1991 to 1999. TWR was also associated with Peter Stevens, who was a director of TWR Design and designer of the Jaguar XJR-15.

TWR in Formula One

Damon Hill, TWR Arrows 1997 Damon Hill 1997 Arrows Yamaha Hungary.jpg
Damon Hill, TWR Arrows 1997

Tom Walkinshaw Racing was involved in Formula One from 1992 to 2002. At first, Walkinshaw became Benetton's engineering director, and was instrumental in developing the car that took Michael Schumacher to his first World Championship title in 1994. A falling out with Benetton boss Flavio Briatore saw Walkinshaw move to a position as team manager at Ligier, which had been acquired by Briatore.

After a failed attempt at purchasing Ligier, Walkinshaw instead bought a majority stake in the Arrows in 1996. The following year, Arrows surprised the world by signing World Champion Damon Hill and introducing Bridgestone tyres to Formula One. Although the team nearly won the 1997 Hungarian Grand Prix, Arrows continued to have trouble attracting sponsorship, and following the liquidation of Arrows, TWR being the major shareholder of the outfit, soon followed suit, closing its doors in 2002 with no major success with the team. TWR Australia was quickly acquired by Holden. The TWR technical centre at Leafield was sold and would later become the headquarters of the now defunct Super Aguri F1 team, and more recently the Caterham team.

Vehicle engineering

TWR Jaguar XJR-S 1985 XJS TWR.jpg
TWR Jaguar XJR-S
Jaguar XJ220 Jaguar XJ220 hr silver TCE.jpg
Jaguar XJ220
1997 Jaguar XJ220 Jaguar XJ220 1997 - side.jpg
1997 Jaguar XJ220

TWR created 'TWR Sport' in 1984 to develop heavily modified versions of the Jaguar XJ-S. Designated XJR-S, the cars benefited from the racing experience in European Touring Cars, featuring improved aerodynamics; uprated suspension and brakes; tuned engine and detail changes. The success of TWR Sport led to the formalising of a joint venture (50/50) in 1988 called 'Jaguar Sport'. Jaguar Sport would initially focus on building tuned versions of Jaguar road cars (the XJR-S coupe and XJR saloon). However, with overwhelming demand to put the concept Jaguar XJ220 into production, it was decided that Jaguar Sport would design and develop the new sports car, for which a new facility was secured at Bloxham, Oxfordshire. Production commenced in 1990 and continued til 1993.

Following TWR's success with Jaguar at Le Mans in 1988, Tom Walkinshaw had been pressed by a number of wealthy enthusiasts to build them a road legal version of the XJR-9. He decided (initially outside of Jaguar's knowledge) to put a modified version of the XJR-9 into production, initially designated R-9R but ultimately designated Jaguar XJR-15, a limited-edition road-going racing car. The XJR-15 was produced in 1991 at Bloxham, alongside the XJ220.

TWR then took on the design and development role for the new Aston Martin DB7. This car was designed by Ian Callum and built at the former Jaguar Sport facility at Bloxham.

TWR's final fully developed road car was the XJ220S, limited edition racing version of the XJ220, built between 1996 and 1997. TWR took the standard XJ220, lightened it considerably by fitting carbon-fibre bodywork, an aerodynamic body kit, (derived from the XJ220C racing car) and stripping out the interior. A tuned J-V6 engine was fitted, rated at 680 PS (500 kW; 671 hp) completing the package.

In 1987, Walkinshaw established a partnership with General Motors' Australian division Holden, re-creating the former Holden Dealer Team performance and tuning division, Holden Special Vehicles.

TWR undertook work for other manufacturers including development of the Renault Clio V6, and the Saab 9-3 Viggen. TWR were also involved in MG Rover's attempt to develop a replacement for the elderly Rover 45/MG ZS; they were contracted to re-engineer the Rover 75/MG ZT into a smaller car. However, the demise of Arrows and TWR meant that RD/X60, as this project was known, never reached production.

TWR in MotoGP

In 1997, former motorcycle world champion Kenny Roberts formed his own racing team and manufactured a motorcycle. Basing his company in England to take advantage of the Formula 1 industry, Roberts enlisted Tom Walkinshaw Racing to help develop a three-cylinder two-stroke engine. [4] While the motorcycle was never able to win a Grand Prix race, it did manage to win a pole position with rider Jeremy McWilliams taking the top qualifying position at the 2002 Australian Grand Prix. [5]

Return to British Touring Car Championship

Rickard Rydell Volvo 850 Rickard Rydell 1996 BTCC.jpg
Rickard Rydell Volvo 850

In 1994, TWR returned to the BTCC, allied with Volvo. This partnership was responsible for the controversial 850 Estate racing car, which was only rendered uncompetitive when the FIA allowed the use of aerodynamic aids in 1995. TWR then built and ran the works 850 Saloon with six wins in 1995 and five wins in 1996, and S40 securing one win in 1997 in the BTCC.

In 1998, TWR Volvo won the British Touring Car Championship with Rickard Rydell driving the S40. TWR also aided in designing the road-going Volvo C70 coupe and convertible.

Inventory of TWR-developed cars

SponsorModelSeriesEngine/ChassisImage 1
MazdaRX-7 BTCC, ETCC Mazda 2.3 litre, rotary
RoverVitesse BTCC, ETCC Rover 3.5 litre, normally aspirated
Rover Vitesse Rover Vitesse 19850706.jpg
Rover Vitesse
RoverRange Rover Paris-Dakar
JaguarXJ-S ETCC Jaguar V12, 5.3 litre, normally aspirated
TWR JC-84A #001,#002,#003,#004,#005,#006,#007
Engine designed by: Allan Scott
Jaguar XJ-S TWR 1984 Jaguar XJS TWR 1984.jpg
Jaguar XJ-S TWR 1984
Jaguar XJR-6 WSCC Jaguar V12, 6.2 litre, normally aspirated, 660BHP
#185, #186, #285, #286, #385, #386
Chassis designed by: Tony Southgate
Engine designed by: Allan Scott
Jaguar XJR-6 Jaguar XJR6 2.jpg
Jaguar XJR-6
Jaguar XJR-8 WSCC, Le Mans Jaguar V12, 7 litre, normally aspirated, 750BHP
#187, #287, #387
plus #186 & #286 re-developed
as XJR-8LM
Chassis designed by: Tony Southgate
Engine designed by: Allan Scott
Jaguar XJR-8 1987 Jaguar XJR-8 at Beaulieu Motor Museum.jpg
Jaguar XJR-8
Jaguar XJR-9 WSCC, Le MansJaguar V12, 7 litre, normally aspirated, 750BHP
#488, #588, #688
Chassis designed by: Tony Southgate
Engine designed by: Allan Scott
Jaguar XJR-9 Silk Cut XJR9 2.jpg
Jaguar XJR-9
Jaguar XJR-9 IMSA IMSA Jaguar V12, 7 litre, normally aspirated, 750BHP
#188, #288, #388
Chassis designed by: Tony Southgate
Engine designed by: Allan Scott
Jaguar XJR-9 JaguarXJR9-61-LRpaddock-89mia.jpg
Jaguar XJR-9
Holden VL Commodore SS Group A SV ETCC, BTCC, ATCC, AEC Holden V8, 5 litre, normally aspirated, 500BHP

Holden VL Commodore SS Group A SV Holden VL Commodore SS Group A SV of Percy & Grice.jpg
Holden VL Commodore SS Group A SV
Jaguar XJR-10 IMSA Jaguar V6, 3.0 litre, turbo-charged, 650BHP+
#389, #489, #589, #390, #690
Chassis designed by: Tony Southgate and Ross Brawn
Engine designed by: TWR
Jaguar XJR-10 Jaguar XJR-10.jpg
Jaguar XJR-10
Jaguar XJR-11 WSCC Jaguar V6, 3.5 litre, turbo-charged, 750BHP+
#189, #289, #490, #590
#1190, #1290, #1390
Chassis designed by: Tony Southgate and Ross Brawn
Engine designed by: TWR
Jaguar XJR-11 Jaguar XJR-11 3.jpg
Jaguar XJR-11
Jaguar XJR-11 All Japan Sports Prototype Championship Jaguar V6, 3.5 litre, turbo-charged, 750BHP+
#490, #590
Chassis designed by: Tony Southgate and Ross Brawn
Engine designed by: TWR
XJR-11 at Fuji 1000km 1991 XJR 11 SUNTEC.jpg
XJR-11 at Fuji 1000km 1991
Holden VN Commodore SS Group A SV ATCC, AEC Holden V8, 5 litre, normally aspirated, 520BHP

Holden VN Commodore SS Group A SV Holden Commodore VN Grice Promotional Car (16153846837).jpg
Holden VN Commodore SS Group A SV
Jaguar XJR-12 IMSA, Le Mans Jaguar V12, 7 litre, normally aspirated, 750BHP
XJR-12/190 and /290 were new chassis while
chassis 588 renumbered XJ12-/990 and 288
(the GTP car which came
1st in the 1988 Daytona 24 Hours),
was renumbered XJR-12/1090
Chassis designed by: Tony Southgate
Engine designed by: Allan Scott
Jaguar XJR-12 1990JaguarXJR12.jpg
Jaguar XJR-12
Jaguar XJR-14 WSCC, IMSA Cosworth V8, 3.5 litre, normally aspirated, 650BHP+
#591, #691, #791, #192
Chassis designed by: Ross Brawn and John Piper
Engine designed by: Cosworth
Jaguar XJR-14 Xjr14.jpg
Jaguar XJR-14
Jaguar XJR-15 Jaguar Intercontinental ChallengeJaguar V12, 6 litre, normally aspirated, 450BHP
XJR-15 / 50 cars manufactured, 16 raced, 001 -> 050
Designed by: Tony Southgate with body styling by Peter Stevens
Engine designed by: Allan Scott
Jaguar XJR-15 Chassis 20 XJR-15 Chassis 20 front 1.jpg
Jaguar XJR-15 Chassis 20
JaguarXJR-16 IMSA Jaguar V6, 3.5 litre, turbo-charged
#191, #291
Designed by: Tony Southgate
Engine designed by: TWR
XJR-16 at Silverstone Classic, 2012 XJR16 IMSA 4.jpg
XJR-16 at Silverstone Classic, 2012
Jaguar XJ220C Le Mans Jaguar V6, 3.5 litre, turbo-charged, 500BHP (restricted)
Chassis designed by: Keith Helfet, Jim Randle and Richard Owen
Engine designed by: TWR
Nissan R-390 (re-styled XJR-15) Le Mans TWR-Nissan V8, 3.5 litre, turbo-charged
#R1, #R2, #R3, #R4
Designed by: Tony Southgate and Ian Callum
Nissan R-390 Nissan-R390.JPG
Nissan R-390
Porsche (Joest) WSC-95 (re-styled XJR-14) Le Mans Porsche 3.0 litre Flat 6, turbo-charged
#001, #002
Chassis designed by: Ross Brawn and John Piper
Porsche Joest WSC-95 Joest WSC95.jpg
Porsche Joest WSC-95
Mazda MXR-01 (re-styled XJR-14) WSCC Mazda (Judd) V10, 3.5 litre, normally aspirated,
Chassis designed by: Ross Brawn and John Piper
Mazda MXR-01 Mazda MXR-01 front-left 2014 WEC Fuji.jpg
Mazda MXR-01

Motorsports results

YearsSeries / RaceAssociate ManufacturerCarsDriver(s)Results
1980 - 1981 British Touring Car Championship, European Touring Car Championship MazdaRX-7 Win Percy, Pierre Dieudonné, Tom Walkinshaw, Chuck NicholsonBTCC Championship winner (Percy), 1980 and 1981, ETCC winner 1981 [6]
1982 Paris-Dakar RoverRange RoverRene Metge, Bernard GirouxOverall Winner (Metge, Giroux)
1981-1987 British Touring Car Championship RoverVitesseAndy Rouse, Peter Lovett, Jeff Allam, Neil McGrath, Pete Hall, Dennis Leech, Graham Scarborough, Tim HarveyChampionship winner, 1983 (later DQ on technicality); Championship winner (Rouse), 1984 [6]
1982-1984 European Touring Car Championship JaguarXJ-STom Walkinshaw, Hans Heyer, Win Percy, Jean-Louis Schlesser, Enzo Calderari, Chuck Nicholson, Armin Hahne, Martin Brundle2nd in 1983, Championship winner (Walkinshaw), 1984. Spa 24 Hours winner (Walkinshaw, Percy, Heyer) 1984 [7]
1984 James Hardie 1000 RoverVitesseJeff Allam, Armin Hahne, Steve Soper, Ron Dickson1st in class (Allam, Hahne) [7]
1985 James Hardie 1000 JaguarXJ-STom Walkinshaw, Win Percy, Jeff Allam, Ron Dickson, John Goss, Armin HahneWinner (Goss, Hahne), third place (Walkinshaw, Percy) and DNF
1985-1986 European Touring Car Championship RoverVitesseTom Walkinshaw, Win Percy, Jean-Louis Schlesser, Eddy Joosen, Pierre-Alain Thibaut, Steve Soper, Hans Heyer, Martin Brundle, Gianfranco Brancatelli, Denny Hulme, Neville Crichton, Dave McMillan3rd in 1985 (Walkinshaw, Percy). 2nd in 1986 (Percy) [7]
1985 World Endurance Championship JaguarXJR-6Martin Brundle, Hans Meyer, Mike Thackwell, Jean-Louis Schlesser7th in Teams Championship [8]
1986 World Sports Prototype Championship JaguarXJR-6Derek Warwick, Eddie Cheever, Jean-Louis Schlesser, Gianfranco Brancatelli, Brian Redman, Armin Hahne, Hans Heyer, Jan Lammers3rd in Teams Championship; DNF at Le Mans [9]
1987 World Sports Prototype Championship JaguarXJR-8Martin Brundle, John Watson, Jan Lammers, Eddie Cheever, Raul Boessel, Armin Hahne, John Nielsen, Win Percy, Johnny DumfriesDrivers Championship winner (Boessel); also top 4 drivers (Raul Boessel, Jan Lammers, John Watson, Eddie Cheever); Teams Championship winner; 5th at Le Mans [10]
1988 World Sports Prototype Championship JaguarXJR-9Martin Brundle, John Nielsen, John Watson, Andy Wallace, Jan Lammers, Johnny Dumfries, Eddie Cheever, Raul Boesel, Henri Pescalaro, Danny Sullivan, Price Cobb, Derek Daly, Kevin Cogan, Larry PerkinsDrivers Championship winner (Brundle); Teams Championship winner; Winner: 24-hours Le Mans (Lammers, Wallace, Dumfries) [11]
1988 IMSA JaguarXJR-9Eddie Cheever, Johnny Dumfries, John Watson, Martin Brundle, Raul Boesel, John Nielsen, Jan Lammers, Davy Jones, Danny Sullivan,2nd in Driver's championship (Nielsen); 3rd in Manufacturer's Championship

Winner: 24-hours Daytona (Brundle, Boesel, Nielsen) [12]

1988 European Touring Car Championship HoldenCommodoreTom Walkinshaw, Jeff Alam15th at RAC Tourist Trophy [7]
1989 World Sports Prototype Championship JaguarXJR-11 / 9Jan Lammers, Patrick Tambay, Andy Wallace, Alain Ferte, John Nielsen, Davy Jones, Price Cobb, Andrew Gilbert-Scott, Derek Daly, Jeff Kline, Michel Ferte, Eliseo SalazarNOTE: transition year from V12 to V6 turbo

8th in Drivers championship (Tambay); 4th in Teams Championship [13]

1989 IMSA JaguarXJR-10 / 9Derek Daly, Martin Donnelly, Patrick Tambay, Jan Lammers, Davy Jones, Raul Boesel, Price Cobb, John Nielsen, Andy WallaceNOTE: transition year from V12 to V6 turbo

3rd (Cobb) and 4th (Nielsen) in Driver's Championship. 2nd in Manufacturer's Championship [14]

1990 World Sports Prototype Championship JaguarXJR-11 / 12Martin Brundle, Alain Ferte, Jan Lammers, Andy Wallace, David Leslie, Franz Konrad, John Nielsen, Price Cobb, Eliseo Salazar, Davy Jones, Michel Ferte, Luis Pérez-SalaNOTE: XJR-12 used for early part of season and Le Mans

Winner: 24-hours Le Mans (Brundle, Nielsen, Cobb) in XJR-12; 2nd in Teams Championship; 4th in Drivers Championship (Wallace) [15]

1990 IMSA JaguarXJR-10 / 16Martin Brundle, Price Cobb, John Nielsen, Davy Jones, Jan Lammers, Andy Wallace, Alain Ferte2nd in Manufacturer's championship; 3rd (Jones) and 5th (Nielsen) in Driver's Championship; Winner: 24-hours Daytona (Brundle, Boesel, Nielsen) [16]
1991 World Sportscar Championship JaguarXJR-14 / 12Derek Warwick, Martin Brundle, Teo Farbi, John Nielsen, Bob Wollek, Kenny Acheson, Davy Jones, Raul Boesel, Michel Ferte, David Leslie, Mauro Martini, Jeff KrosnoffNOTE: XJR-12 used solely for Le Mans

Winner: Teams Championship; Winner, Drivers Championship (Farbe); 2nd, 3rd, 4th at Le Mans 24 hours [17]

1991 IMSA JaguarXJR-10 / 12 / 16Martin Brundle, John Nielsen, Eddie Cheever, Kenny Acheson, Davy Jones, Scott Pruett, Derek Warwick, Raul BoeselNOTE: XJR-12 used solely for 24 hours Daytona

2nd in 24 hours Daytona; 3rd in Driver's Championship (Jones); 2nd in Manufacturer's Championship [18]

1991Jaguar Intercontinental ChallengeJaguarXJR-15Derek Warwick, David Brabham, Davy Jones, Juan Manuel Fangio, Armin Hahne, Bob Wollek, Tiff Needell, Jim Richards, Matsuaki Sanada, Cor Euser, David Leslie, Andy Evans, Yojiro Terada, Ian Flux, Matt Aitken, John WatsonJaguar Intercontinental Challenge (1 make series): Winner, Armin Hahne [19]
1992 IMSA JaguarXJR-12 / 14Davy Jones, David Brabham, Scott Pruett, Scott GoodyearNOTE: XJR-12 used solely for 24 hours Daytona

2nd in 24 hours Daytona; 2nd in Driver's Championship (Jones); 3rd in Manufacturer's Championship [20]

1992 World Sportscar Championship MazdaXJR-14 (rebadged MXR-01)Maurizio Sandro Sala, Johnny Herbert, Alex Caffi, Volker Weidler3rd in Teams Championship; 4th in Le Mans 24 hours, 8th in Drivers Championship (Sala) [21]
1993 IMSA JaguarXJR-12Davy Jones, David Brabham, Scott Pruett, Scott Goodyear, John Nielsen, John AdrettiENTRY IN 24 HOURS DAYTONA ONLY

Result: 10th [22]

1993 Le Mans JaguarXJ220CDavid Brabham, Andreas Fuchs, Armin Hahne, Jay Cochrane, Win Percy, David Leslie, John Nielsen, Paul Belmondo, David CoulthardWinner, GT Class (Nielsen, Coulthard, Brabham). Subsequently, disqualified due to procedural error relating to catalytic converters [23]
1996 Le Mans Porsche (Joest Racing)WSC-95 (re-bodied XJR-14)Davy Jones, Alex Wurz, Manuel ReuterWinner [21]
1997 Le Mans Porsche (Joest Racing)WSC-95 (re-bodied XJR-14)Michele Alboreto, Stefan Johansson, Tom KristensenWinner [21]
1997 Le Mans NissanR390 (re-styled XJR-15)Kazuyoshi Hoshino, Érik Comas, Masahiko Kageyama12th [21]
1998 Le Mans NissanR390 (re-styled XJR-15)Aguri Suzuki, Kazuyoshi Hoshino, Masahiko Kageyama, John Nielsen, Michale Krumm, Franck Lagorce, Jan Lammers, Erik Comas, Andreas Montermini, Satoshi Motoyama, Takuya Kurosawa, Masami Kageyama3rd, 5th, 6th, 10th [21]
Arrows A20 Historacing Festival Ledenon 2012.jpg
Arrows A20 Formula One car
Jaguar XJ220S Front JagMENA.jpg
Jaguar XJ220S
Chassis 50 making first US soil appearance at Monterey in Aug 2017.jpg
Jaguar XJR-15, the world's first road car built from carbon fibre
Jaguar XJR5B.jpg
Jaguar XJR-5, the first prototype Jaguar to be entered into Group C sports car racing
Joest Porsche WSC-95.jpg
Porsche WSC-95
Paris - Retromobile 2013 - Jaguar XJR12 - 1990 - 102.jpg
The Jaguar XJR-12, the last V12 powered sports prototype to win the 24 hours of LeMans
XJ220 Engine view.jpg
The JRV6 engine of the XJ220 was largely developed by TWR from the Austin Metro V64V engine
Jaguar XJS TWR 1984.jpg
A 1984 Jaguar XJS Group A touring car

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The 1991 24 Hours of Le Mans was the 59th Grand Prix of Endurance, and took place on 22 and 23 June 1991. It was also the fourth round of the 1991 FIA Sportscar World Championship season.

Nissan R390 GT1

The Nissan R390 GT1 was a racing car built in Atsugi, Japan. It was designed primarily to gain a suitable racing entry in the 24 Hours of Le Mans in 1997 and 1998. It was built to race under the grand touring style rules, requiring a homologated road version to be built. Therefore, the R390 was built originally as road car, then a racing version of the car was developed afterwards. Only one R390 road car was ever built and is stored at Nissan's Zama facility. The road car was claimed to be capable of attaining a top speed of 354 km/h (220 mph). However, this claim has never been proven.

Joest Racing is a sports car racing team that was established in 1978 by former Porsche works racer Reinhold Joest. The headquarters are in Wald-Michelbach, Germany.

Jaguar XJR-14

The Jaguar XJR-14 is a sports-prototype racing car introduced for the 1991 World Sportscar Championship season. It was designed by Ross Brawn and John Piper, and was built and run by Tom Walkinshaw Racing (TWR), on behalf of Jaguar Cars.

Win Percy

Winston "Win" Percy is a former motor racing driver from England. Percy was British Touring Car Champion three times, and at the time of his retirement was the most successful non-Antipodean driver ever to compete in Australia's premier national motorsport event, the Bathurst 1000km. Joe Saward of Autosport magazine said he was "often regarded as the World's Number One Touring Car Driver".

Mazda MXR-01

The Mazda MXR-01 is a Group C sports prototype that was used by Mazda's factory team Mazdaspeed in the 1992 World Sportscar Championship season. It would be the final Mazda entry in sports car racing since the inception of its Le Mans project in 1983. It was based on the Jaguar XJR-14.

Jaguar XJR sportscars

The Jaguar XJR sportscars were a series of race cars used by Jaguar-backed teams in both the World Sportscar Championship (WSC) Group C and the IMSA Camel GTP series between 1984 and 1993.

Porsche WSC-95

The Porsche WSC-95 was a Le Mans Prototype originally built by Tom Walkinshaw Racing. It was modified by Porsche from the original Group C Jaguar XJR-14 from which it derived, and run by Joest Racing. Originally intended to race in the IMSA World Sportscar Championship, the WSC-95 saw very little race action even though it won the 24 Hours of Le Mans in both 1996 and 1997 without being acknowledged as a factory supported project. It was later upgraded to the Porsche LMP1-98 before being retired. Only two cars were ever built.

Jaguar XJR-11

The Jaguar XJR-11 was a sports-prototype racing car introduced for the 1989 World Sports Prototype Championship, while its sister car the XJR-10 was introduced to compete in IMSA series races.

Jaguar XJR-12

The Jaguar XJR-12 is a sports-prototype race car built by the Jaguar Cars-backed Tom Walkinshaw Racing team for both Group C and IMSA Camel GTP. The XJR-12 is famous for winning the 1990 24 Hours of Le Mans race.

Jeff Allam

Jeff Allam, is a former British racing driver who made his name in Saloon Car racing. He now works as Head of Business for Allam Motor Services in Epsom which are a Skoda sales and service and Vauxhall servicing dealership.

Tony Southgate is a British engineer and former racing car designer. He designed many successful cars, including Jaguar's Le Mans-winning XJR-9, and cars for almost every type of circuit racing. He was responsible for the chassis design of Ford's RS200 Group B rally car. Southgate was employed as chief designer or technical director for many Formula One teams for over twenty years. These teams included BRM, Shadow and Arrows. Southgate retired after producing the Audi R8C, which was a major influence in the Bentley Speed 8, which won Le Mans in 2003. He continues to be a regular visitor to current and historic race meetings.

Jaguar XJR-8

The XJR-8 was a race car built by Jaguar for campaigning in the World Sportscar Championship and the 24 Hours of Le Mans as part of Group C. It was used during the 1987 season.

The Jaguar XJR-17 was an IMSA Lights racing car, built by Tom Walkinshaw Racing. Rebuilt from a Jaguar XJR-16 for the IMSA Camel Lights, the XJR-17 never competed in the event due to funding issues and has since only been used in a few minor British events and historic races. It used a modified version of the XJR-16's 3.5-litre V6 engine, stripped of the twin-turbochargers and producing a claimed output of 450 hp, whilst its bodywork was cobbled together using various parts from older Jaguar XJR Sportscars.


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  2. "1998 Nissan R390 GT1". Retrieved 27 August 2011.
  3. "1998 24 Hours of Le Mans results". Retrieved 27 August 2011.
  4. "King Kenny has high hopes for Malaysian-backed superbike". New Straits Times. 20 May 1997. p. 1. Retrieved 19 December 2010.
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  13. TWR Jaguar Racers, L Thurston, ISBN   9780954103910, P90
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  17. TWR Jaguar Racers, L Thurston, ISBN   9780954103910, P106
  18. TWR Jaguar Racers, L Thurston, ISBN   9780954103910, P152
  19. TWR Jaguar Racers, L Thurston, ISBN   9780954103910, P170
  20. TWR Jaguar Racers, L Thurston, ISBN   9780954103910, P162
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