The GM Ecotec engine, also known by its codename L850, is a family of all-aluminium inline-four engines, displacing between 1.4 and 2.5 litres. While these engines were based on the GM Family II engine, the architecture was substantially re-engineered for the new Ecotec application produced since 2000. This engine family replaced the GM Family II engine, the GM 122 engine, the Saab H engine, and the Quad 4 engine. It is manufactured in multiple locations, to include Spring Hill Manufacturing, in Spring Hill, Tennessee while the engine block and cylinder heads are cast at Saginaw Metal Casting Operations in Saginaw, Michigan.
|Cylinder bore||86 mm (3.4 in)|
|Length||665 mm (26.2 in)|
|Width||642 mm (25.3 in)|
|Height||655 mm (25.8 in)|
|Dry weight||139–150 kg (306–331 lb)|
The 'Ecotec' name was adopted in 1994 for the new generation of Family II engines (2000 in North America) . The name was already used for the Opel GM Family II engine, Family 1 and Family 0 ranges. GM intended this new Ecotec to become its global 4-cylinder, and it has already fully replaced their OHV I4 line.
The Ecotec engine is a DOHC 4-valve design with a lost foam cast aluminum block and head (L850 for 86 mm bore applications, and L880 for 88 mm bore[ citation needed ]), designed for displacements from 1.8 to 2.4 L. Development began in 1994, by an international team of engineers and technicians from Opel's International Technical Development Center in Rüsselsheim, Germany, GM Powertrain in Pontiac, Michigan, and Saab in Södertälje, Sweden. Much of the development work on this project was carried out by Lotus Engineering, Hethel, United Kingdom. The engine uses aluminum pistons and cast iron cylinder liners. Vibration is reduced with twin balance shafts.
The first engine in the Ecotec Gen I line-up was Ecotec 2.2 L61, introduced in May 1999.
The current Ecotec line is manufactured in Tonawanda, New York,.
This engine is also known as B207 when used by Saab and Z20NET by Opel for use in the Vectra C and Signum.
LK9 is a turbocharged 2.0 L (1,998 cc) version of the L850 (86 mm bore) series Ecotec utilizing an all-new reinforced sand cast aluminum cylinder head and upgraded internal components. The engine features a five-bearing forged steel crankshaft, strengthened connecting rods, redesigned pistons, piston oil cooling jets, reprofiled camshafts and an integrated oil cooler. The exhaust valves are liquid sodium-cooled. All vehicles using this engine feature Saab's Trionic 8 (T8) engine management system as well as a revised valve train. The timing chain and timing gears are also new, along with Saab's Direct Ignition system. The reinforcements, turbocharging, intercooling, internals, dual overhead camshaft, and such were developed by GM Powertrain Sweden (Saab Automobile Powertrain). It features an 86 mm (3.4 in) bore and stroke and a 9.5:1 compression ratio. Maximum power is 210 hp (160 kW) at 5300 rpm and 221 ft⋅lb (300 N⋅m) of torque at 2500 rpm. Maximum boost is 12.3 psi (0.85 bar).
|1.8t (B207E)||2003–2006||148 hp (110 kW) @ 5500 rpm||177 ft⋅lb (240 N⋅m) @ 2000–3500 rpm||7.3 psi (0.50 bar)|
|1.8t (B207E)||2006–2012||148 hp (110 kW) @ 5500 rpm||177 ft⋅lb (240 N⋅m) @ 2000–3500 rpm||7.3 psi (0.50 bar)|
|2.0t (B207L)||2003–2006||173 hp (129 kW) @ 5500 rpm||195 ft⋅lb (265 N⋅m) @ 2500–4000 rpm||8.7 psi (0.60 bar)|
|2.0t (B207L)||2006–2012||173 hp (129 kW) @ 5500 rpm||195 ft⋅lb (265 N⋅m) @ 2500–4000 rpm||8.7 psi (0.60 bar)|
|2.0T (B207R)||2003–2014||207 hp (154.5 kW) @ 5300 rpm||221 ft⋅lb (300 N⋅m) @ 2500–4000 rpm||12.3 psi (0.85 bar)|
The LSJ is a supercharged version of the LK9 Ecotec 2.0 L (1,998 cc) with an Eaton M62 Roots-type supercharger and air-to-liquid intercooler. The LSJ shares many of its components with the LK9 such as: piston cooling jets, oil cooler, pistons, connecting rods, crankshaft, oil pan, sodium-filled exhaust valves and cylinder head. It is rated at 205 hp (153 kW) at 5600 rpm and 200 ft⋅lb (271 N⋅m) at 4400 rpm with a compression ratio of 9.5:1 and a 6450 rpm redline. With the end of the Chevy Cobalt S/C SS and Saturn Ion Red Line, the LSJ was discontinued after 2007. In late 2005 Brammo Motorsports struck a deal with GM for the Supercharged 2.0 L Ecotec for their Ariel Atom. The engine came in various ratings from 205 hp (153 kW) to 300 hp (224 kW).
The LSJ was on the Ward's 10 Best Engines list for 2006.
This engine is used in:
|2004–2007||Saturn Ion Red Line||205 hp (153 kW) @ 5600 rpm||200 ft⋅lb (271 N⋅m) @ 4400 rpm||link|
|2005–2007||Chevrolet Cobalt SS Supercharged Coupe||205 hp (153 kW) @ 5600 rpm||200 ft⋅lb (271 N⋅m) @ 4400 rpm||link|
This engine is also known as a Z22SE in other countries such as the United Kingdom, Australia, and Europe.
The basic Family II architecture was substantially re-engineered in 2000 to become the Ecotec Gen I. Unlike its notably harsh predecessor, the engine was designed for smoothness. Dual in-block balance shafts were integral to the design, the power-steering pump was mounted directly to the cylinder head and driven by the intake camshaft, the water-pump housing was cast into the block, and the A/C compressor and alternator were mounted directly on the block without brackets. The oil filter housing was cast into the block with a removable cover and replaceable paper element. It did not use an EGR valve. The Ecotec line is manufactured in Tonawanda, New York and Kaiserslautern, Germany, and was also manufactured for Saturn in Spring Hill, Tennessee until Saturn's discontinuation. In North America this engine replaced both the Quad-4 and the GM 122 engines and first appeared in the 2000 Saturn L-Series.
The L61 is a 2.2 L (2,198 cc) version with a lost-foam cast aluminum cylinder head and block; it features an 86 mm (3.4 in) bore and 94.6 mm (3.72 in) stroke and either a 9.5:1 compression ratio or a 10.0:1. The engine is 665 mm (26.2 in) in length, 642 mm (25.3 in) in width, 655 mm (25.8 in) in height and approximately 139 kg (306 lb).
The Ecotec 2.2, model L61 first appeared in the 2000 Saturn LS1; the L61-powered Saturn Ion also replaced the Saturn-powered Saturn S-Series.
There are a few variations to the standard L61. The 2003 Saturn L-Series has a high output version with higher (10:1) compression and more aggressive camshaft. The 2004–2008 Chevrolet Malibu uses a version with electronic throttle control and a special unitized exhaust manifold and catalytic converter. The Malibu and Saturn versions also use return-less fuel injection. The 2002 Saturn VUE was the first North American variant of the L61 to be equipped with electronic throttle control, whereas other applications did not arise until 2005 in the Saturn ION and Chevrolet Cobalt. For 2007, introduced an updated version of the L61 based on the Gen II design.
The supercharger and inlet manifold from the 2.0 Ecotec LSJ engine can be purchased as an official kit from GM and along with modified software in the ECM, can create a 2.2 supercharged version of this engine.
The L61 was used in the following cars:
|Year(s)||Model||Power||Torque||Compression ratio||Dyno chart|
|2002||Chevrolet Cavalier||140 hp (104 kW) @ 5600 rpm||150 ft⋅lb (203 N⋅m) @ 4400 rpm||10.0:1|
|2003–2005||150 ft⋅lb (203 N⋅m) @ 4000 rpm||link|
|2005–2006||Chevrolet Cobalt||145 hp (108 kW) @ 5600 rpm||155 ft⋅lb (210 N⋅m) @ 4000 rpm||10.0:1||link|
|2006||Chevrolet HHR||143 hp (107 kW) @ 5600 rpm||150 ft⋅lb (203 N⋅m) @ 4000 rpm||10.0:1|
|2004||Chevrolet Malibu||145 hp (108 kW) @ 5600 rpm||155 ft⋅lb (210 N⋅m) @ 4000 rpm||10.0:1|
|2005–2006||144 hp (107 kW) @ 5600 rpm||link|
|2002–2004||Oldsmobile Alero||140 hp (104 kW) @ 5600 rpm||150 ft⋅lb (203 N⋅m) @ 4000 rpm||10.0:1|
|2002||Pontiac Grand Am||140 hp (104 kW) @ 5600 rpm||150 ft⋅lb (203 N⋅m) @ 4400 rpm||10.0:1|
|2003–2005||150 ft⋅lb (203 N⋅m) @ 4000 rpm||link|
|2002||Pontiac Sunfire||140 hp (104 kW) @ 5600 rpm||150 ft⋅lb (203 N⋅m) @ 4400 rpm||10.0:1|
|2003–2005||150 ft⋅lb (203 N⋅m) @ 4000 rpm||link|
|2005–2006||Pontiac Pursuit/G5||145 hp (108 kW) @ 5600 rpm||155 ft⋅lb (210 N⋅m) @ 4000 rpm||10.0:1|
|2000||Saturn L-Series||137 hp (102 kW) @ 5800 rpm||135 ft⋅lb (183 N⋅m) @ 4400 rpm||9.5:1|
|2001–2003||135 hp (101 kW) @ 5200 rpm||142 ft⋅lb (193 N⋅m) @ 4400 rpm|
|2004||140 hp (104 kW) @ 5600 rpm||150 ft⋅lb (203 N⋅m) @ 4000 rpm|
|2003–2006||Saturn Ion||140 hp (104 kW) @ 5800 rpm||145 ft⋅lb (197 N⋅m) @ 4400 rpm||10.0:1||link|
|2002–2005||Saturn Vue||143 hp (107 kW) @ 5400 rpm||152 ft⋅lb (206 N⋅m) @ 4000 rpm||10.0:1||link|
|2006||143 hp (107 kW) @ 5600 rpm|
|2007||144 hp (107 kW) @ 5600 rpm|
|2001–2005||Opel Speedster / Vauxhall VX220||147 hp (110 kW) @ 5800 rpm||150 ft⋅lb (203 N⋅m) @ 4000 rpm|
|2000–2003||Opel / Vauxhall Astra||147 hp (110 kW) @ 5800 rpm||150 ft⋅lb (203 N⋅m) @ 4000 rpm|
|2001–2002||Opel / Vauxhall Vectra||147 hp (110 kW) @ 5800 rpm||150 ft⋅lb (203 N⋅m) @ 4000 rpm|
|2000–2003||Opel / Vauxhall Zafira||147 hp (110 kW) @ 5800 rpm||150 ft⋅lb (203 N⋅m) @ 4000 rpm|
|2001–2006||Holden Astra (TS)||147 hp (110 kW) @ 5800 rpm||150 ft⋅lb (203 N⋅m) @ 4000 rpm|
This engine also powered the Japanese-market Subaru Traviq, a badge-engineered Opel Zafira A.
Following the GM-Fiat agreement, the 2.2 L engine is also used in
A direct injection version of the 2.2 L (2,198 cc) Ecotec features 153 hp (114 kW) of power at 5600 rpm and 162 lb⋅ft (220 N⋅m) of torque at 3800 rpm with a compression ratio of 12.0:1, and has been available in:
The Ecotec 2.2, model L42 is the CNG version of the Ecotec 2.2. It delivers 129 hp (96 kW) and 129 ft⋅lb (175 N⋅m). Applications:
A turbocharged direct injected (redubbed Spark Ignition Direct Injection) Ecotec was introduced in the 2007 Pontiac Solstice GXP and Saturn Sky Red Line. In these applications, the engine is mounted longitudinally. Displacement is 2.0 L (1,998 cc) with a square 86 mm (3.4 in) bore and stroke. Compression is 9.2:1 and maximum boost is 20 psi (1.4 bar), delivering 260 hp (190 kW) at 5300 rpm and 260 ft⋅lb (350 N⋅m) of torque from 2500 to 5250 rpm. Engine redline is at 6300 rpm and premium fuel is recommended. The sodium filled exhaust valves were based on technology developed for the Corvette V8 powertrains. The sodium fuses and becomes a liquid at idle, which improves conductivity and draws heat away from the valve face and valve guide towards the stem to be cooled by the engine oil circulating in this area. The camshaft-driven direct injection systems pressurizes the fuel to 450 psi (31 bar) at idle, and up to 2,250 psi (155 bar) at wide-open throttle. The "Gen II" block is similar to the 2.4 L and also features VVT technology. The Gen II block was developed using data from racing programs and computer simulations. The bore walls and bulkheads were strengthened with a weight increase of 2.5 lb (1.1 kg). The coolant jackets were expanded to improve heat transfer, resulting in a coolant capacity increase of 0.5 liters.
In December 2008, GM released a Turbo Upgrade Kit for the LNF engine which increases horsepower to 290 hp (220 kW) and torque to up to 340 ft⋅lb (460 N⋅m), depending on the model. The kit retails for $650 and includes remapped engine calibration and upgraded MAP sensors. The kit is covered by the cars' existing GM warranties.
This was the final Stage 2 performance tune the Ecotec family, to date. With the demise of the GM Performance Division, performance tunes like this have been relegated to the aftermarket sector. This despite newer engines being more durable, and tuned to lower horsepower levels in numerous sport-car applications.
Unique LNF featuresinclude:
This engine is used in:
|2007–2010||Opel GT||260 hp (194 kW) @ 5300 rpm||260 ft⋅lb (353 N⋅m) @ 2000 rpm|
|2007–2010||Pontiac Solstice GXP||260 hp (194 kW) @ 5300 rpm||260 ft⋅lb (353 N⋅m) @ 2000 rpm|
|2007–2010||Saturn Sky Red Line||260 hp (194 kW) @ 5300 rpm||260 ft⋅lb (353 N⋅m) @ 2000 rpm|
|2008–2010||Chevrolet HHR SS||260 hp (194 kW) @ 5300 rpm||260 ft⋅lb (353 N⋅m) @ 2000 rpm|
|2008–2010||Chevrolet Cobalt SS||260 hp (194 kW) @ 5300 rpm||260 ft⋅lb (353 N⋅m) @ 2000 rpm|
|2009||Elfin T5||264 hp (197 kW) @ 5300 rpm||259 ft⋅lb (351 N⋅m) @ 2000 rpm|
|2012||Fisker Karma||260 hp (194 kW) @ 5300 rpm||260 ft⋅lb (353 N⋅m) @ 2000 rpm|
An updated variant of the LNF (also with 9.2:1 compression ratio) was released in 2008, meeting the Euro 5 emission standard. This engine is also known as A20NHT by GM Powertrain Europe.
Unique LDK features include:
This engine is used in:
|2009–2017||Opel Insignia / Vauxhall Insignia||217 hp (162 kW) @ 5300 rpm||258 ft⋅lb (350 N⋅m) @ 2500 rpm|
|2009–2010||Buick Regal Turbo||217 hp (162 kW) @ 5300 rpm||258 ft⋅lb (350 N⋅m) @ 2500 rpm|
|2010–2013||Buick Regal GS (China Market)||217 hp (162 kW) @ 5300 rpm||258 ft⋅lb (350 N⋅m) @ 2500 rpm|
|2009–2010||Buick Regal Turbo (Hirsch Performance)||257 hp (192 kW) @ 5400 rpm||295 ft⋅lb (400 N⋅m) @ 3000–4000 rpm|
|2010–2013||Buick Regal GS (Hirsch Performance)||257 hp (192 kW) @ 5400 rpm||295 ft⋅lb (400 N⋅m) @ 3000–4000 rpm|
|2010–2012||Saab 9-5||217 hp (162 kW) @ 5300 rpm||258 ft⋅lb (350 N⋅m) @ 2500 rpm|
|2011, 2013–||Saab 9-3 (NEVS)||217 hp (162 kW) @ 5300 rpm||258 ft⋅lb (350 N⋅m) @ 2500 rpm|
|2011–2013||Cadillac SLS (China)||259 hp (193 kW) @ 5300 rpm||266 ft⋅lb (360 N⋅m) @ 2000–5000 rpm|
|2011–2017||Opel Insignia / Vauxhall Insignia 4x4||247 hp (184 kW) @ 5300 rpm||295 ft⋅lb (400 N⋅m) @ 2400–3600 rpm|
|2012–2017||Opel Astra J OPC / Vauxhall Astra J VXR||276 hp (206 kW) @ 5500 rpm||295 ft⋅lb (400 N⋅m) @ 2500–4500 rpm|
|2014–2017||Buick Regal GS (China Market)||251 hp (187 kW) @ 5300 rpm||258 ft⋅lb (350 N⋅m) @ 2000–5000 rpm|
|2014–2017||Buick Regal GS (Hirsch Performance)||275 hp (205 kW) @ 5400 rpm||302 ft⋅lb (410 N⋅m) @ 3000–4000 rpm|
|2017–present||Opel Astra K TCR||345 hp (257 kW) @ 6300 rpm||310 ft⋅lb (420 N⋅m) @ 2500–4600 rpm|
LHU adds E85 flex-fuel capability to the LDK. This engine is also known as A20NFT by GM Powertrain Europe. Maximum engine speed is listed at 6350 rpm.
Unique LHU features include:
|2011–2013||Buick Regal Turbo||220 hp (164 kW) @ 5300 rpm||258 ft⋅lb (350 N⋅m) @ 2000 rpm|
|2011–2012||Saab 9-5 Turbo4||220 hp (164 kW) @ 5300 rpm||258 ft⋅lb (350 N⋅m) @ 2000 rpm|
|2011–2013||Buick Regal GS||270 hp (201 kW)||295 ft⋅lb (400 N⋅m) @ 2400 rpm|
|2013–2016||Buick Verano Turbo||250 hp (186 kW) @ 5300 rpm||260 ft⋅lb (353 N⋅m) @ 2000 rpm||link|
Note: The A20NFT engine in Opel Astra K TCR car had swapped the original direct fuel injection into multi-point fuel injection.
In 2007, the L61 received a multitude of changes, that originated from the LE5. It switched to the higher-strength Gen II block and received a revised cylinder head (enlarged exhaust ports) and camshaft design (increased exhaust valve duration). The engine also switched from wasted spark ignition to individual coil-on-plug ignition; this forced the cam cover to be redesigned. It was also switched to an E37 engine controller with new crank and cam sensors (replacing timing sensor previously found in ignition cassette). These changes increase horsepower slightly and allow the engine to meet PZEV standards.Compression ratio is 10.0:1.
The L61 was used in the following cars:
|2007–2008||Chevrolet Cobalt||148 hp (110 kW) @ 5600 rpm||152 ft⋅lb (206 N⋅m) @ 4200 rpm|
|2007||Chevrolet HHR||149 hp (111 kW) @ 5600 rpm||152 ft⋅lb (206 N⋅m) @ 4000 rpm|
|2008||152 ft⋅lb (206 N⋅m) @ 4200 rpm|
|2007–2008||Chevrolet Malibu||145 hp (108 kW) @ 5600 rpm||152 ft⋅lb (206 N⋅m) @ 4200 rpm|
|2007–2008||Pontiac Pursuit/G5||148 hp (110 kW) @ 5600 rpm||152 ft⋅lb (206 N⋅m) @ 4200 rpm|
|2007||Saturn Ion||145 hp (108 kW) @ 5600 rpm||150 ft⋅lb (203 N⋅m) @ 4200 rpm|
The LAP is a 2.2 L (2,198 cc) version of the Ecotec, based on the Gen II block with cylinder head improvements, new camshaft design, E37 engine control module, 58X crankshaft reluctor ring, dual variable valve timing, digital crank and cam sensors, individual coil-on-plug ignition, vented starter solenoid, new MAP sensor, new intake manifold seals, new oil filter element, a 32-bit computer, and improved emissions performance.
Bore and stroke are 86 mm (3.4 in) and 94.6 mm (3.72 in), the same as the 2.2 L L61. Compression ratio is 10.0:1. Major features that set it apart from the 2.2 L L61 are variable-valve-timing and other cylinder head improvements from the 2.4 L LE5.
|2009–2010||Chevrolet Cobalt||155 hp (116 kW) @ 6100 rpm||150 ft⋅lb (203 N⋅m) @ 4900 rpm|
|2009||Pontiac G5||155 hp (116 kW) @ 6100 rpm||150 ft⋅lb (203 N⋅m) @ 4900 rpm|
The LE8 is an E85 compatible 2.2 L (2,198 cc) version of the LAP Ecotec. Bore and stroke remain the same 86 mm (3.4 in) and 94.6 mm (3.72 in). Compression ratio is 10.0:1 and the engine can run on both regular unleaded gasoline or E85.
|2009–2011||Chevrolet HHR||155 hp (116 kW) @ 6100 rpm (gasoline)||150 ft⋅lb (203 N⋅m) @ 4800 rpm (gasoline)|
|160 hp (119 kW) @ 6000 rpm (E85)||158 ft⋅lb (214 N⋅m) @ 4600 rpm (E85)|
The LE5 is a larger 2.4 L (2,384 cc) version of the Ecotec. Both the 88 mm (3.5 in) bore and 98 mm (3.9 in) stroke are larger, and Variable Valve Timing on the intake and exhaust improve low-end torque. Compression is 10.4:1. Power is 164–177 hp (123–132 kW) and torque is 159–170 lb·ft (215–230 N·m). The engine uses a reinforced "Gen II" block. Connecting Rods are GKN Forged. C70 Powered Metal from July 2007 on.
|2006–2008||Buick Lacrosse (China)||168 hp (125 kW) @ 6400 rpm||166 ft⋅lb (225 N⋅m) @ 4800 rpm|
|2006–2007||Chevrolet Cobalt SS||173 hp (129 kW) @ 6200 rpm||163 ft⋅lb (221 N⋅m) @ 4800 rpm|
|2008||Chevrolet Cobalt Sport||171 hp (128 kW) @ 6200 rpm||167 ft⋅lb (226 N⋅m) @ 4800 rpm|
|2006–2008||Chevrolet HHR||175 hp (130 kW)||165 ft⋅lb (224 N⋅m)|
|2006–2008||Pontiac G5/Pursuit||171 hp (128 kW) @ 5800 rpm||167 ft⋅lb (226 N⋅m) @ 4500 rpm|
|2006–2009||Pontiac G6||169 hp (126 kW) @ 6300 rpm||162 ft⋅lb (220 N⋅m) @ 4500 rpm|
|2006–2009||Pontiac Solstice||173 hp (129 kW) @ 5800 rpm||164 ft⋅lb (222 N⋅m) @ 4500 rpm|
|2006–2009||Saturn Sky||177 hp (132 kW) @ 5800 rpm||173 ft⋅lb (235 N⋅m) @ 4800 rpm|
|2006||Saturn Ion||170 hp (127 kW) @ 6200 rpm||162 ft⋅lb (220 N⋅m) @ 4800 rpm|
|2007||Saturn Ion||175 hp (130 kW) @ 6500 rpm||164 ft⋅lb (222 N⋅m) @ 4800 rpm|
|2008–2009||Saturn Aura||169 hp (126 kW)||160 ft⋅lb (217 N⋅m)|
|2008–2012||Chevrolet Malibu||169 hp (126 kW)||160 ft⋅lb (217 N⋅m)|
|2008–2009||Saturn Vue||169 hp (126 kW) @ 6200 rpm||161 ft⋅lb (218 N⋅m) @ 5100 rpm|
The LE5 is also used in the following overseas models:
The LE5 or a close variant is also used in the Polaris Slingshot (announced July 27, 2014), coupled with a 5-speed manual transmission and a final belt drive. The Slingshot is a three-wheeled side-by-side street vehicle, classed as a motorcycle.
The LAT is the designation used for the 2.4 L LE5 when used in GM's BAS mild hybrid vehicles.
|2007–2009||Saturn Aura Green Line Hybrid||164 hp (122 kW) @ 6400 rpm||159 ft⋅lb (216 N⋅m) @ 5000 rpm|
|2007||Saturn Vue Green Line Hybrid||170 hp (127 kW) @ 6600 rpm||162 ft⋅lb (220 N⋅m) @ 4200 rpm|
|2008||Saturn Vue Green Line Hybrid||172 hp (128 kW) @ 6500 rpm||167 ft⋅lb (226 N⋅m) @ 4500 rpm|
|2008-2009||Buick Lacrosse hybrid(China only)||164 hp (122 kW) @ 6400 rpm||166 ft⋅lb (225 N⋅m) @ 4800 rpm|
|2008–2009||Chevrolet Malibu Hybrid||164 hp (122 kW) @ 6400 rpm||159 ft⋅lb (216 N⋅m) @ 5000 rpm|
The LE9 is an E85 compatible version of the 2.4 L (2,384 cc)LE5 Ecotec. Bore and stroke are 88 mm (3.5 in) and 98 mm (3.9 in) and has a compression ratio of 10.4:1, the same as the LE5.
|2009–2011||Chevrolet HHR||172 hp (128 kW) @ 5800 rpm (gasoline)||167 ft⋅lb (226 N⋅m) @ 4500 rpm (gasoline)|
|176 hp (131 kW) @ 5800 rpm (E85)||170 ft⋅lb (230 N⋅m) @ 5000 rpm (E85)|
|2010–2012||Chevrolet Malibu (fleet only)||175 hp (130 kW) @ 5800 rpm (E85)||170 ft⋅lb (230 N⋅m) @ 5000 rpm (E85)|
|2014-2019||Polaris Slingshot||173 hp (129 kW) @ 6200 rpm||166 ft⋅lb (225 N⋅m) @ 4700 rpm|
The LAF is a direct injected 2.4 L. It uses technology based on GM's other four-cylinder direct injection applications, but with unique features designed for its specific application. This includes an 11.2:1 compression ratio that helps build power, slightly dished pistons that increase combustion efficiency and injectors with an application-specific flow rate.
|2010–2011||182 hp (136 kW) @ 6700 rpm (gasoline)||172 ft⋅lb (233 N⋅m) @ 4900 rpm (gasoline)|
|2010–2011||Buick LaCrosse||182 hp (136 kW) @ 6700 rpm||172 ft⋅lb (233 N⋅m) @ 4900 rpm|
|2011||Buick Regal||182 hp (136 kW) @ 6700 rpm||172 ft⋅lb (233 N⋅m) @ 4900 rpm|
|2011–2014||Chevrolet Orlando||174 hp (130 kW) @ 6700 rpm||171 ft⋅lb (232 N⋅m) @ 4900 rpm|
|2011||Chevrolet Captiva||182 hp (136 kW) @ 6700 rpm||172 ft⋅lb (233 N⋅m) @ 4900 rpm|
The LEA is an E85 compatible variant of the LAF. Bore, stroke, and compression ratio all remain the same. Maximum engine speed is listed at 7000 rpm.
|2012–2013, 2015–2017||Buick Regal||182 hp (136 kW) @ 6700 rpm||172 ft⋅lb (233 N⋅m) @ 4900 rpm||link|
|2012–2017||Buick Verano||180 hp (134 kW) @ 6700 rpm||171 ft⋅lb (232 N⋅m) @ 4900 rpm||link|
|2012–2017||Chevrolet Captiva Sport||182 hp (136 kW) @ 6700 rpm||172 ft⋅lb (233 N⋅m) @ 4900 rpm||link|
|2012–2017||182 hp (136 kW) @ 6700 rpm||172 ft⋅lb (233 N⋅m) @ 4900 rpm|
The LUK is similar to the LAF, but adds the eAssist mild-hybrid system. Maximum engine speed is listed at 7000 rpm.
|2012–2016||Buick LaCrosse||182 hp (136 kW) @ 6700 rpm||172 ft⋅lb (233 N⋅m) @ 4900 rpm||link|
|2012–2017||Buick Regal||182 hp (136 kW) @ 6700 rpm||172 ft⋅lb (233 N⋅m) @ 4900 rpm||link|
|2013–2014||Chevrolet Malibu ECO||182 hp (136 kW) @ 6700 rpm||172 ft⋅lb (233 N⋅m) @ 4900 rpm|
|2014||Chevrolet Impala||182 hp (136 kW) @ 6700 rpm||172 ft⋅lb (233 N⋅m) @ 4900 rpm||link|
|Fuel system||Spark Ignition Direct Injection (SIDI)|
A 2.0 L (1,998 cc) turbocharged direct injection version of the gen III Ecotec was available in the 2013 Cadillac ATS and Chevrolet Malibu. This engine is also available in the Cadillac XTS and Cadillac XT5 in the Chinese market. Bore and stroke are both 86.0 mm (3.39 in), and compression is 9.5:1. The engine uses a twin-scroll turbocharger with electronically controlled wastegate/bypass valve, air-to-air intercooler, stainless steel dual-scroll (1–4, 2–3) exhaust manifold designed to withstand 980 °C (1,800 °F) turbine temperature, and a rotacast aluminum alloy (A356T6) cylinder head with sodium-filled exhaust valves. Maximum engine speed is listed at 7000 rpm.
|2013–2014||Cadillac ATS||272 hp (203 kW) @ 5500 rpm||260 ft⋅lb (353 N⋅m) @ 1700–5500 rpm||link|
|2015–2019||295 ft⋅lb (400 N⋅m) @ 3000–4600 rpm|
|2014–2016||Cadillac ATS 25T (China)||230 hp (172 kW) @ 5500 rpm||260 ft⋅lb (353 N⋅m) @ 2000–4000 rpm|
|2014–2019||Cadillac ATS 28T (China)||279 hp (208 kW) @ 5500 rpm||295 ft⋅lb (400 N⋅m) @ 2900–4600 rpm|
|2013||Chevrolet Malibu||259 hp (193 kW) @ 5300 rpm||260 ft⋅lb (353 N⋅m) @ 1700–5500 rpm|
|2014–2015||295 ft⋅lb (400 N⋅m) @ 5200 rpm||link|
|2016–present||250 hp (186 kW) @ 5300 rpm||260 ft⋅lb (353 N⋅m) @ 2000–5000 rpm|
|2013–present||Opel Insignia||247 hp (184 kW) @ 4500 rpm||295 ft⋅lb (400 N⋅m) @ 2000–4500 rpm|
|2014–2017||Buick Regal||259 hp (193 kW) @ 5300 rpm|
|2018–present||250 hp (186 kW) @ 5400 rpm|
|2014–present||Cadillac CTS||268 hp (200 kW) @ 5600 rpm||295 ft⋅lb (400 N⋅m) @ 3000–4500 rpm||link|
|2016–2018||Buick Envision||252 hp (188 kW) @ 5500 rpm||260 ft⋅lb (353 N⋅m) @ 2000 rpm|
|2019–present||295 ft⋅lb (400 N⋅m) @ 2000 rpm|
|2016–2018||Cadillac CT6||265 hp (198 kW) @ 5500 rpm||295 ft⋅lb (400 N⋅m) @ 3000–4000 rpm|
|2016–present||Chevrolet Camaro||275 hp (205 kW) @ 5600 rpm||295 ft⋅lb (400 N⋅m) @ 3000–4500 rpm|
|2017–present||Buick GL8||260 hp (194 kW) @ 5500 rpm||258 ft⋅lb (350 N⋅m) @ 2000-5000 rpm|
|2018–2020||Chevrolet Equinox||252 hp (188 kW) @ 5500 rpm||260 ft⋅lb (353 N⋅m) @ 2500–4500 rpm|
|2018–present||Chevrolet Traverse||257 hp (192 kW) @ 5500 rpm||295 ft⋅lb (400 N⋅m) @ 3000 rpm|
|2018–present||GMC Terrain||252 hp (188 kW) @ 5500 rpm||260 ft⋅lb (353 N⋅m) @ 2500–4500 rpm|
|2018–2020||Holden Commodore||256 hp (191 kW) @ 5500 rpm||258 ft⋅lb (350 N⋅m) @ 3000–4000 rpm|
A successor to the LTG debuted in the 2019 Cadillac XT4 and the 2019 Cadillac CT6. The LSY adds Active Fuel Management and a start-stop system, putting more priority to fuel economy than performance. Peak output is lower than the LTG, but is achieved at lower rpm for both power and torque. Bore is 83.0 mm (3.27 in), and stroke is 92.3 mm (3.63 in).
|2019||Cadillac CT6||237 hp (177 kW) @ 5000 rpm||258 ft⋅lb (350 N⋅m) @ 1500–4000 rpm|
|2019–present||Cadillac XT4||237 hp (177 kW) @ 5000 rpm||258 ft⋅lb (350 N⋅m) @ 1500–4000 rpm|
|2019–present||Chevrolet Malibu XL||241 hp (180 kW) @ 5000 rpm||258 ft⋅lb (350 N⋅m) @ 1500–4000 rpm|
|2020–present||Buick GL8 Land Business Edition (Chinese market)||237 hp (177 kW) @ 5000 rpm||258 ft⋅lb (350 N⋅m) @ 1500–4000 rpm|
|2020–present||Buick GL8 ES (Chinese market)||237 hp (177 kW) @ 5000 rpm||258 ft⋅lb (350 N⋅m) @ 1500–4000 rpm|
|2020–present||Buick Lacrosse (Chinese market)||233 hp (174 kW) @ 5000 rpm||258 ft⋅lb (350 N⋅m) @ 1500–4000 rpm|
|2020–present||Buick Regal GS (Chinese market)||237 hp (177 kW) @ 5000 rpm||258 ft⋅lb (350 N⋅m) @ 1500–4000 rpm|
|2020–present||Cadillac CT5||237 hp (177 kW) @ 5000 rpm||258 ft⋅lb (350 N⋅m) @ 1500–4000 rpm|
|2020–present||Cadillac XT5||237 hp (177 kW) @ 5000 rpm||258 ft⋅lb (350 N⋅m) @ 1500–4000 rpm|
|2020–present||Cadillac XT6||237 hp (177 kW) @ 5000 rpm||258 ft⋅lb (350 N⋅m) @ 1500–4000 rpm|
|2020–present||Chevrolet Blazer||230 hp (172 kW) @ 5000 rpm||258 ft⋅lb (350 N⋅m) @ 1500–4000 rpm|
|2020–present||GMC Acadia||230 hp (172 kW) @ 5000 rpm||258 ft⋅lb (350 N⋅m) @ 1500–4000 rpm|
|2021–present||Buick Envision||230 hp (172 kW) @ 5000 rpm||258 ft⋅lb (350 N⋅m) @ 1500–4000 rpm|
First appearing in the 2013 Chevrolet Malibu and 2013 Cadillac ATS, the 2.5 L Gen III block has been reworked to reduce engine noise and vibrations, while improving fuel economy and low-end torque.LCV is scheduled to replace the direct-injected 2.4 L throughout North American GM products within a year. Engine production started in April 2012 at GM's Tonawanda Engine plant.
The new combustion system developed with GM's proprietary computational fluid dynamics (CFD) analysis software features a higher compression ratio which helps improve fuel efficiency and has improved knock resistance. The engine features dual overhead camshafts with continuously variable valve timing and increased-authority cam phasing (increased phase rotation angle), a high-pressure returnless direct-injection fuel system with camshaft-driven fuel pump delivering 750 psi (52 bar) at idle and 2,250 psi (155 bar) at full load, higher-flowing intake and exhaust ports in the cylinder head, electronic throttle control and pistons with jet-spray oil cooling. The engine redline is 7000 rpm.
The balance shafts are relocated from the cylinder block to oil pan module. The two-piece steel-aluminum oil pan features in-pan integrated oil-pump assembly driven by the balance shaft with a shorter inverted-tooth chain. Other improvements include inverted-tooth chain driving the camshaft, forged steel crankshaft, cast aluminum bedplate with main bearing cap inserts made of iron, high-pressure fuel rail with rubber-isolated assembly, acoustically shielded plastic cover for the intake manifold, and structurally enhanced aluminum camshaft cover and front cover. These improvements helped reduce noise intensity by 40% compared to the 2.4 L engine and change the noise signature into a higher frequency above 2,000 Hz. The engine also uses a variable-displacement oil pump and an actively controlled thermostat. Direct injection reduces emissions by 25%, while continuous cam phasing eliminates the need for an EGR system. Maximum engine speed is listed at 7000 rpm.
Displacement for the 2.5 L engine is 2,457 cc with an 88.0 mm (3.46 in) bore and 100.8 mm (3.97 in) stroke. Compression ratio is 11.3:1.
|2013–2016||Cadillac ATS||202 hp (150.69 kW) @ 6300 rpm||191 ft⋅lb (259 N⋅m) @ 4400 rpm||link|
|2013||Chevrolet Malibu||197 hp (146.96 kW) @ 6300 rpm||191 ft⋅lb (259 N⋅m) @ 4400 rpm|
|2015–present||Chevrolet Colorado||200 hp (149 kW) @ 6300 rpm||191 ft⋅lb (259 N⋅m) @ 4400 rpm||link|
|2016||Chevrolet Malibu Limited||196 hp (146 kW) @ 6300 rpm||186 ft⋅lb (252 N⋅m) @ 4400 rpm|
|2017–2020||Buick Envision||197 hp (147 kW) @ 6300 rpm||192 ft⋅lb (260 N⋅m) @ 4400 rpm|
|2017||Buick GL8||197 hp (147 kW) @ 6300 rpm||186 ft⋅lb (252 N⋅m) @ 4400 rpm|
|2017–present||GMC Acadia||194 hp (145 kW) @ 6300 rpm||190 ft⋅lb (258 N⋅m) @ 4400 rpm|
|2019–present||Chevrolet Blazer||193 hp (144 kW) @ 6300 rpm||188 ft⋅lb (255 N⋅m) @ 4400 rpm|
Same as the LCV but features Intake Valve Lift Control (IVLC) system provides two-stage variable valve lift in addition to continuous variable timing. Continuously commanded by engine control unit, the valve rocker arm switches between high-lift and low-lift profiles on the camshaft, actuated by an oil control valve through a two-feed stationary hydraulic lash adjuster, allowing for either 4.0 or 10.5 mm lift. It also features a start-stop system. Maximum engine speed is listed at 7000 rpm.
|2014–2019||Chevrolet Impala||196–197 hp (146–147 kW) @ 6300 rpm||186–191 ft⋅lb (252–259 N⋅m) @ 4400 rpm||link|
|2014–2015||Chevrolet Malibu||196 hp (146 kW) @ 6300 rpm||186 ft⋅lb (252 N⋅m) @ 4400 rpm||link|
At Tech Show Torino 2008, GM Powertrain Europe announced the ignition-less HCCI (Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition) mode of the direct injection version of 2.2 L engine.HCCI version is equipped with two-step adjustable valve lift with variable cam phasing and advanced ECU with cylinder pressure sensors, uses lean burn cycle similar to that of a diesel engine, and is claimed to further reduce fuel consumption by 15%.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ecotec engine .|
The Northstar engine is a family of high-performance 90° V engines developed and produced by General Motors between 1993 and 2011. The original double overhead cam, four valve per cylinder, aluminum block/aluminum head V8 design was developed in part by Oldsmobile R&D, but is most associated with Cadillac's Northstar series.
The LS based small-block engine is the primary V-8 used in General Motors' line of rear-wheel-drive cars and trucks. Introduced in January 1995, it is a "clean sheet" design with only rod bearings, lifters, and bore spacing in common with the longstanding Chevrolet small-block V-8 that preceded it as the basis for GM small-block V-8s. The basic LS variations use cast iron blocks, while performance editions are all aluminum with cast iron cylinder liners. The engine block and cylinder heads are cast at Saginaw Metal Casting Operations in Saginaw, Michigan.
The Chevrolet small-block engine is a series of V8 automobile engines used in normal production by the Chevrolet division of General Motors between 1954 and 2003, using the same basic engine block. Referred to as a "small-block" for its comparative size relative to the physically much larger Chevrolet big-block engines, The small block family spanned from 262 cu in (4.3 L) to 400 cu in (6.6 L) in displacement. Engineer Ed Cole is credited with leading the design for this engine. The engine block and cylinder heads were cast at Saginaw Metal Casting Operations in Saginaw, Michigan.
The General Motors 60° V6 engine family was a series of 60° V6 engines which were produced for both longitudinal and transverse applications. All of these engines are 12-valve cam-in-block or overhead valve engines, except for the LQ1; which uses 24 valves driven by dual overhead cams. These engines vary in displacement between 2.5 and 3.4 litres and have a cast-iron block and either cast-iron or aluminum heads. Production of these engines began in 1980 and ended in 2005 in the U.S., with production continued in China until 2010. This engine family was the basis for the GM High Value engine family. These engines have also been referred to as the X engines due to their first usage in the X-body cars.
The GM High Feature engine is a family of modern General Motors DOHC V6 engines. The series was introduced in 2004 with the Cadillac CTS and the Holden Commodore (VZ).
The Buick V6, popularly referred to as the 3800 in its later incarnations, originally 198 cu in (3.2 L) and initially marketed as Fireball at its introduction in 1962, was a large V6 engine used by General Motors. The block is made of cast iron and all use two-valve-per-cylinder iron heads, actuated by pushrods. The engine, originally designed and manufactured in the United States, was also produced in later versions in Australia. It was the first six-cylinder engine designed exclusively for Buick products since the Buick straight-six was discontinued in 1930.
The QG engine is a 1.3 L (1,295 cc), 1.5 L (1,497 cc), 1.6 L (1,597 cc) and 1.8 L (1,769 cc) straight-4 piston engine from Nissan. It is a lean-burn aluminum DOHC 4-valve design with variable valve timing and optional NEO Di direct injection.
General Motors' Opel subsidiary in Europe designed a compact V6 engine with an unusual 54° vee angle. It was an iron block/aluminum head DOHC design with 4 valves per cylinder. All 54° engines were assembled at Ellesmere Port in England.
The J-series is Honda's fourth production V6 engine family introduced in 1996, after the C-series, which consisted of three dissimilar versions. The J-series engine was designed in the United States by Honda engineers. It is built at Honda's Anna, Ohio, and Lincoln, Alabama, engine plants.
The Hyundai Beta engines are 1.6 L to 2.0 L I4 built in Ulsan, South Korea.
The Saab H engine is a redesign of the Saab B engine, which in turn was based on the Triumph Slant-4 engine.
The Family 1 is a straight-four piston engine that was developed by Opel, a former subsidiary of General Motors and now a subsidiary of PSA Group, to replace the Opel cam-in-head engines for use on mid-range cars from Opel/Vauxhall. Originally produced at the Aspern engine plant, production was moved to the Szentgotthard engine plant in Hungary with the introduction of the DOHC version. GM do Brasil at São José dos Campos, GMDAT at Bupyeong and GM North America at Toluca also build these engines.
The Family 0 is a family of inline piston engines that was developed by Opel, at the time a subsidiary of General Motors, as a low-displacement engine for use on entry-level subcompact cars from Opel/Vauxhall.
The Honda F-Series engine was considered Honda's "big block" SOHC inline four, though lower production DOHC versions of the F-series were built. It features a solid iron or aluminum open deck cast iron sleeved block and aluminum/magnesium cylinder head.
The Family II is a straight-4 piston engine that was originally developed by Opel in the 1970s, debuting in 1979. Available in a wide range of cubic capacities ranging from 1598 to 2405cc, it simultaneously replaced the Opel OHV, Opel CIH and Vauxhall Slant-4 engines, and was GM Europe's core powerplant design for much of the 1980s.
The GM Small Gasoline Engine (SGE) is a family of small-displacement three- and four-cylinder gasoline engines ranging from 1.0 L to 1.5 L, developed by Adam Opel AG, Shanghai Automotive Industry Corporation (SAIC), MG Motor (MG), Shanghai GM (SGM) and the Pan-Asia Technical Automotive Center (PATAC).
The Medium Diesel Engine (MDE) is a four-cylinder diesel engine developed by Adam Opel AG and branded "1.6 CDTI Ecotec" in most markets. Opel also adds the marketing term "Whisper Diesel" in some markets, claiming relatively low levels of noise, vibration, and harshness. Production commenced in late 2013 at Szentgotthárd, Hungary. The MDE is Opel's first all-aluminum diesel engine and offers a power density of 85 hp (63 kW) per liter 136 PS in its most powerful version. Maximum power and torque have been increased versus the previous-generation 1.7-liter engine, while fuel consumption has been reduced by up to 10 percent compared with a 2.0-liter CDTI engine of similar power output. This new 1.6 CDTI engine will replace the current 1.7-liter and lower-powered 2.0-liter diesel engines in a wide range of Opel models, with more- and less-powerful versions to come. The most powerful version of this engine, delivering 136 PS at 3,500–4,000 rpm and 320 N⋅m (236 lb⋅ft) at 2,000 rpm, was first introduced in the 2013 Opel Zafira Tourer, and later in the 2014 Opel Astra J and restyled 2014 Opel Meriva B. In 2014, versions were released with power outputs of 110 and 95 PS.