Saab 9-5

Last updated
Saab 9-5
2012 Saab 9-5 Aero Turbo4 Automatic 2.0 Front.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Saab Automobile
Production1997–2012
AssemblySweden: Trollhättan (Trollhättan Assembly)
Body and chassis
Class Executive car (E)
Layout Transverse front-engine, front-wheel drive (1997–2012)
Transverse front-engine, four-wheel drive (2010–2012)
Chronology
Predecessor Saab 9000

The Saab 9-5 is an executive car that was produced by the Swedish automobile maker Saab.

Contents

The first generation 9-5 was introduced in 1997 for the 1998 model year, as the replacement to the Saab 9000. At the time, the car represented a significant development for the manufacturer. In the United States, the 9-5 was introduced in the spring of 1998, for the 1999 model year.

On September 15, 2009, the second generation was presented at the Frankfurt Motor Show and production began in March 2010. [1] It was the first Saab to be launched under Spyker Cars' ownership, even though it was developed almost completely under GM's ownership. Production ceased in 2012 amid the liquidation of the manufacturer.

Overview

Saab badged the model as the Saab 95, but consistently advertised it as the Saab 9-5, pronounced "nine five" rather than "ninety-five". This model should not be confused with the Saab 95, produced from 1959 to 1978.

The first generation 9-5 was available with sedan and station wagon body styles. Aerodynamically, the sedan's drag coefficient is 0.29, and the station wagon's is 0.31 (U.S. version 0.33). Introduced in 1999, the wagon features innovations such as floor tracks to secure cargo and a sliding load floor to make loading easier.

The 9-5 was the first production vehicle to offer ventilated seats, as well as asymmetrical turbocharging in the case of the 3.0L V6 engine. [2]

The last 9-5 sedan of the first generation rolled off the Trollhättan production line at the beginning of July 2009, [3] and the last wagon was assembled on February 1, 2010. [4] Between the summer of 1997, when 9-5 production began, and 2010, 252,236 sedans, and 231,357 wagons were built. The total production 483,593 units, was narrowly beaten by its predecessor, the 9000, of which 503,000 were built.

Production equipment for the first-generation 9-5 was sold by General Motors to BAIC of China in 2009. [5]

First generation (YS3E, 1997–2010)

First generation YS3E
1997-2001 Saab 9-5 SE sedan 01.jpg
Overview
Production1997–2009 (sedan)
1998–2010 (wagon) [6]
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door sedan
5-door station wagon
Layout Transverse front-engine, front-wheel drive
Platform GM2900 platform
Related Senova D Series [7]
Opel Vectra
Opel Calibra
Saab 900 (NG)
Saab 9-3
Saturn L-Series
Powertrain
Engine
Transmission 4-speed automatic (1997–2001) 50-42LE
5-speed automatic (2002-09) AF33
5-speed manual FM55B03
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,703 mm (106.4 in)
Length1997–2000 Sedan: 4,805 mm (189.2 in)
1998–2000 Wagon: 4,808 mm (189.3 in)
2001–05 Sedan: 4,825 mm (190.0 in)
2001–05 Wagon: 4,830 mm (190.2 in)
2006–09 Sedan: 4,836 mm (190.4 in)
2006–09 Wagon: 4,841 mm (190.6 in)
Width1997–2000 Sedan: 1,793 mm (70.6 in)
Wagon & 2001–09 Sedan: 1,790 mm (70.5 in)
Height1997–2005 Sedan, 2001–2005 Wagon: 1,448 mm (57.0 in)
1998–2000 Wagon: 1,496 mm (58.9 in)
2006–2009 Sedan: 1,453 mm (57.2 in)
2006–2009 Wagon: 1,465 mm (57.7 in)

Engines

The first-generation 9-5 is powered by Saab's B205 and B235 straight-4 engines, and from 2002 in Europe by an Opel Ecotec X22DTH 2.2 diesel engine (Saab D223L), replaced in 2006 by Fiat's 1.9 JTD 16V diesel straight-4. A turbocharged version of the GM 54° V6 engine, designated by Saab as B308, has a unique asymmetrical low-pressure turbocharger and was available from 1999 to 2003. This engine is available only with an automatic transmission, and cars with this engine installed are distinguishable by their twin tailpipes. The V6 is only available on Arc, SE, and Griffin models. In 2004, the V6 engine was replaced by a high pressure turbo straight-4 engine producing 220 hp (164 kW). By 2006 this engine was producing 260 hp (194 kW) even in the non-Aero or non-sport models (US models).

The B2x5 engines can suffer from oil pickup issues caused by 'oil sludge' in the lubrication circuit. In 1999, Saab issued a Workshop Bulletin around this issue. [8] The 'sludge' issue primarily affected earlier models between 1999–2003, and from 2004 a revised engine positive crankcase ventilation system (PCV) and the use of fully synthetic oil were introduced.

Saab created retrofit kits for the earlier 1999–2003 cars as the PCV design differs from the 2004 and later system. In 2005, Saab extended the warranty on the B2x5 engine to eight years and unlimited miles from new [9] for original owners, provided the owner could produce proof that they had followed the manufacturer's oil change intervals. Saab recommended the use of fully synthetic or synthetic-blend oil as a preventative measure.

Transmissions

The 9-5 is available with an Aisin AW 4-speed (50-42LE) automatic transmission Saab reference FA47; from 1997 until 2001, when a new Aisin AW unit replaced the dated four-speed automatic with a five-speed automatic. A five-speed manual transmission is fitted as standard to the base models and the Aero. Six-speed manual transmission was not offered in first-generation 9-5s.

Alternative propulsion

E85

In 2005, an updated version of the 2.0 L turbocharged I4 was introduced in the European market together with the 2006 9-5. The engine was sold as 2.0t BioPower, optimized to run on E85 producing 132  kW (180  hp) at 5500 rpm. There was also a 2.3T BioPower version sold from 2007. It was also introduced in Australia.

E100

In 2007, Saab presented a 9-5 E100 Concept, based on the turbo 2.0. Offering a claimed 300 hp (224 kW) and 295 lb-ft (400 Nm) of torque, the Concept included the use of increased boost pressure and compression ratio. [10]

Safety

The 9-5 introduced Saab's Active Head Restraints (SAHR), which moved up and forward to prevent whiplash when the car was struck from the rear. This feature won technology and safety awards in Australia, Denmark, and the United Kingdom. The Saab 9-5 also was one of the first cars to have extensive side-crash protection.

The front seats featured torso airbags and head airbags even on the earliest models, which few contemporary vehicles did in the late 1990s. The basic structure included a robust passenger safety cage, front and rear deformation zones, reinforced door posts and pillars, as well as the "Pendulum B-Pillar", which combined high-strength low-alloy steel at chest and head height with tailored blank steel at the floorpan, designed to direct the crash forces down toward the floor. The design was proven by the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) to protect occupants in side crashes, even without the addition of curtain airbags or rear side airbags. From 2002, ESP (electronic stability control) was included as standard.

Another Saab feature, the "Night Panel", permitted dousing of the instrument panel lighting, except for essential information, for less distraction when driving at night. Once activated, only essential information such as current speed is displayed except, for example, if the car requires fuel or the engine overheats.

In the United States OnStar was available, and provided as standard equipment in selected 9-5's from 2001 onward. [11]

Comfort

The 9-5 had various comfort features both as standard and cost options over the years.

While early models frequently had dash mounted cassette decks, CD changers were standard features on many cars and in-dash satellite navigation was also available. Factory-fitted phone kits were similarly optional.

Many models featured leather or part-leather upholstery and both front and rear heated seats were also available. A few models were shipped with the optional ventilated seats.

Cruise control was available on various models and xenon headlamps were fitted as standard on high-end variants.

Aero

The performance 9-5 Aero, the earliest versions of which were sometimes referred to as the HOT Aero, was first released in 2000 with a 2.3T B235R engine. The B235R engine of the 9-5 Aero was capable of providing immense torque and, in terms of acceleration, outperformed the contemporary Porsche 911 Turbo from 40-90 mph.

Initially badged as a 230 PS (169 kW; 227 hp) engine, Saab later conceded that the 230 PS power figure was quite conservative, with the manual versions rated 250 PS and having more torque than stated. This flagship model had a long list of standard features, a sport tuned suspension, and body side moldings. In 2002 a 250 PS (184 kW; 247 hp) 2.3 turbo engine was made standard, which allowed for more torque after 4500 rpm. All Aero models from 2002-2005 have an identical engine layout and management system, with the 2002-05 models just having a slightly remapped version of that ECU from factory. The high-powered version of the 9-5 in the final form produces 260 PS (191 kW; 256 hp) and 350 N⋅m (258 lbf⋅ft) of torque (370 N⋅m (273 lbf⋅ft) with its 20-second overboost function accessible on the manual transmission equipped version.

From model year 2006 to end of production, the 260 PS (191 kW; 256 hp) B235R was the standard engine in the 9-5 in both the 2.3T and Aero trims. 2006 had only one badge designation, the 2.3T and appointments normally found on the Aero could be added via a "Sport Package".

From 2007 onwards, SAAB added an Aero badge to the trunk lid to distinguish from regular 2.3T models. In addition, almost all standard features on the Aero were standard on the 2.3T, the exceptions being sport-tuned chassis, two-tone leather upholstery, "Anniversary" wheels and brushed aluminum interior trim, all of which were standard on Aero and not available on the 2.3T.

Police car

Saab 9-5 with the Swedish Police Swedish police SAAB 9-5 88124.jpg
Saab 9-5 with the Swedish Police

The 9-5 was used as a liveried patrol vehicle, as well as undercover, in several parts of its native Sweden, alongside the Volvo V70. Several police forces in the UK also used the 9-5 in their fleets, mostly in Aero specification. The city of Aspen, Colorado, used Saabs as patrol cars from early 1970s until 2005, when they discontinued the 9-5 in favor of the Volvo XC90. [12] The town of Vail, Colorado likewise used Saabs from 1980 onwards, but in 2005, the black 9-5 patrol cars were replaced by Ford Explorers, due to budget reasons. [13]

In 2006, Lothian and Borders Police in Edinburgh, Scotland, began operating three Saab 9-5 Aero 2.3T patrol cars as part of a fleet of 580 vehicles. These 9-5s were customised to police specifications by the Saab, Vauxhall and Chevrolet Special Vehicles Operation (SVO) in Papworth, Cambridgeshire. [14] In undercover guise, these cars were outwardly identical to the Linear Sport models, but featured the 260 bhp Aero drivetrain.

In Poland, an unmarked 9-5 is used as a video-pursuit vehicle, in the Płock area [15]

Engines

ModelYearsEngineEngine typeDispl.Max. powerMax. torque0–100 km/h (0-62 mph) [16]
1.9TiD2006–2009 Fiat JTD straight-4, diesel1910 cc150 PS (110 kW; 148 hp) @ 4000 rpm320 N⋅m (236 lbf⋅ft) @ 2000 rpm10.1 (10.7) s
1.9TiD Hirsch2009 Fiat JTD straight-4, diesel1910 cc175 PS (129 kW; 173 hp) @ 4000 rpm350 N⋅m (258 lbf⋅ft) @ 2000 rpm(10.5) s
2.2TiD2002–2005 Opel Ecotec Y22DTH straight-4, diesel2171 cc120 PS (88 kW; 118 hp) @ 4000 rpm280 N⋅m (207 lbf⋅ft) @ 1500 rpm11.0 s
3.0 V6TiD2002-2005 Isuzu DMAX V6, diesel2958 cc177 PS (130 kW; 175 hp) @ 4000 rpm350 N⋅m (258 lbf⋅ft) @ 1800 rpm8.9 s
2.0t1998–2009B205E straight-4, petrol1985 cc150 PS (110 kW; 148 hp) @ 5500 rpm240 N⋅m (177 lbf⋅ft) @ 1800 rpm9.8 (10.2) s
2.0t (SAAB tuned)1998–2009B205L straight-4, petrol1985 cc192 PS (141 kW; 189 hp) @ 5500 rpm310 N⋅m (229 lbf⋅ft) @ 1700 rpm8.1 s
2.0t BioPower2005–2009B205E straight-4, E851985 cc180 PS (132 kW; 178 hp) @ 5500 rpm280 N⋅m (207 lbf⋅ft) @ 1800 rpm8.5 (9.0) s
2.3t BioPower2006–2009B235L straight-4, E852290 cc210 PS (154 kW; 207 hp) @ 5500 rpm310 N⋅m (229 lbf⋅ft) @ 1800 rpm7.9 (8.5) s
2.3t1998–2001B235E straight-4, petrol2290 cc170 PS (125 kW; 168 hp) @ 5500 rpm280 N⋅m (207 lbf⋅ft) @ 1800 rpm8.7 (9.3) s
2.3t2002–2009B235E straight-4, petrol2290 cc185 PS (136 kW; 182 hp) @ 5500 rpm280 N⋅m (207 lbf⋅ft) @ 1800 rpm7.9 (8.5) s
2.3T2004–2005B235L straight-4, petrol2290 cc220 PS (162 kW; 217 hp) @ 5500 rpm310 N⋅m (229 lbf⋅ft) @ 2500 rpm7.9 (8.5) s
3.0 V61998–2003B308 V6, petrol2962 cc200 PS (147 kW; 197 hp) @ 5000 rpm310 N⋅m (229 lbf⋅ft) @ 2500 rpm8.3 (auto) s
Aero1999–2001B235R straight-4, petrol2290 cc230 PS (169 kW; 227 hp) @ 5500 rpm370 N⋅m (273 lbf⋅ft) @ 1900 rpm6.9 s
Aero2002–2005B235R straight-4, petrol2290 cc250 PS (184 kW; 247 hp) @ 5300 rpm370 N⋅m (273 lbf⋅ft) @ 1900 rpm6.9 s
Aero2006–2009B235R straight-4, petrol2290 cc260 PS (191 kW; 256 hp) @ 5300 rpm370 N⋅m (273 lbf⋅ft) @ 1900 rpm6.5 s
Aero Hirsch2002–2005B235R straight-4, petrol2290 cc305 PS (224 kW; 301 hp) @ 5300 rpm400 N⋅m (295 lbf⋅ft) @ 1900 rpm6.3 s
Aero Hirsch2006–2009B235R straight-4, petrol2290 cc310 PS (228 kW; 306 hp) @ 5300 rpm410 N⋅m (302 lbf⋅ft) @ 1900 rpm6.0 s

Second generation (YS3G, 2010–2012)

Second generation YS3G
2010 Saab 9-5 Vector SE TID4 (13485835985).jpg
Overview
Production2009–March 2011
Model years 2010-2012
Designer Simon Padian
Anders Gustafsson [17]
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door sedan
5-door station wagon
Layout Transverse front-engine, front-wheel drive / four-wheel drive
Platform GM Epsilon II LWB
Related Chevrolet Impala
Buick LaCrosse
Cadillac XTS
Chevrolet Malibu
Opel Insignia/Buick Regal
Powertrain
Engine 1.6L turbocharged I4
2.0L turbocharged I4
2.8L turbocharged V6
2.0L turbodiesel I4
Transmission 6-speed AWTF-80 SC automatic
6-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,837 mm (111.7 in)
Length5,008 mm (197.2 in) [18]
Width1,868 mm (73.5 in) [18]
Height1,466 mm (57.7 in) [19]
2012 Saab 9-5 Aero Turbo4 Automatic 2.0 Rear.jpg
Sedan
Intsaab2016 33 - Saab 9-5 SC.jpg
SportCombi

A next generation 9-5 built on the Global Epsilon platform was presented at the Frankfurt International Auto Show in September 2009. The vehicle had its North American debut in October 2009 at the South Florida Auto Show in Miami. [20] On November 24, 2009, the first pre-series Saab 9-5 of the new generation rolled off the Trollhättan production line.

With the announcement of the sale of Saab to Spyker on January 26, 2010, the new generation Saab 9-5 was taken into production at the Saab plant in Trollhättan. Full production began in April 2010, with the cars appearing in dealerships on June 19. [21] Saab introduced a wagon variant of the new 9-5, dubbed "SportCombi," at the 2011 Geneva Motor Show. [22] The Saab 9-5 Sedan 2.8 V6 Turbo was named Car of the Year in Singapore by "Wheels Asia". [23]

Production of the 9-5 ended in March 2011 with Trollhättan production stopping due to the company's failing liquidity. [24] Total production numbers of the Gen II Saab 9-5 ended at 11,280 units.

While several prototype vehicles and a number of production SportCombis were manufactured, the official variant did not enter serial production prior to Saab's bankruptcy in December 2011, and the vehicles never reached dealerships.

Trim levels

Trim/equipment levels vary from country to country.

In the US Saab 9-5 trim levels were Turbo4, Turbo4 Premium, Turbo6 XWD, and Aero. Turbo4 models come with a turbocharged four-cylinder and features that included power adjustable driver and passenger seats, leather upholstery, five-spoke alloy wheels, fog lamps, and rain-sensing wipers. The Turbo4 Premium added a panoramic sunroof, headlamp washers, Saab parking assistance, keyless entry and start, memory seats, and 18-inch alloy wheels, while the Turbo6 XWD was powered by a turbocharged six-cylinder engine and features an all-wheel-drive system. The top trim Aero featured 15-spoke “Rotor” 18-inch alloy wheels, leather-trimmed sports seats, a multi-color central information display, Bi-Xenon SmartBeam headlamps, dark titanium-effect interior trim, aluminum sports pedals, a sports-tuned suspension system with real-time damping, and Aero exterior elements. [25]

UK equipment levels for the 2012 model year included the Vector SE and Aero and both sedan and estate. The previous base models, Linear and Vector were replaced by the Vector SE model. [26]

In Australia the base trim (Linear) was not part of the line up, only the Vector and Aero trims were available. [27]

Engines

In North America, the engine choices were either a turbocharged V6 or an Ecotec I4. Other countries also had an optional turbodiesel I4 engine. Engine performance upgrades that were available from Hirsch Performance (Saab's only factory approved tuner) increased the power of the V6 engine to 330 bhp (246 kW; 335 PS) from 296 bhp (221 kW; 300 PS) and the I4 engine to 260 bhp (194 kW; 264 PS) from 220 bhp (164 kW; 223 PS).

Petrol engine
ModelYearsEngineDispl.PowerTorque0–100 km/h
(0–62 mph)
Top speed
(FWD)
Fuel cons.
(Manual)
CO
2
emission
(g/km)
Generation III 1.6T 20112012I41598 cc180 hp (134 kW; 182 PS) @ 5500 rpm230 N⋅m (170 lbf⋅ft) @ 2200 rpm9.5 s220 km/h
(137 mph)
7.8 l/100 km
(36 mpgimp)
179
Ecotec 2.0T 20102012I41998 cc220 hp (164 kW; 223 PS) @ 5300 rpm350 N⋅m (258 lbf⋅ft) @ 2500 rpm7.9 s240 km/h
(149 mph)
8.2 l/100 km
(34 mpgimp)
189
2.8T 20102012 V6 2792 cc296 hp (221 kW; 300 PS) @ 5500 rpm400 N⋅m (295 lbf⋅ft) @ 2000 rpm6.9 s250 km/h
(155 mph)
8.8 l/100 km
(32 mpgimp)
244
BioPower engine (E85)
ModelYearsEngineDispl.PowerTorque0–100 km/h
(0–62 mph)
Top speedFuel cons.
(Manual)
CO
2
emission
(g/km)
2.0T BioPower20112012I41998 cc220 hp (164 kW; 223 PS) @ 5300  rpm350 N⋅m (258 lbf⋅ft) @ 2500 rpm7.9 s240 km/h
(149 mph)
11.1 l/100 km
(25 mpgimp)
189
Diesel engine
ModelYearsEngineDispl.PowerTorque0–100 km/h
(0–62 mph)
Top speedFuel cons.
(Manual)
CO
2
emission
(g/km)
2.0TiD 20102012I41956 cc158 hp (118 kW; 160 PS) @ 4000  rpm350 N⋅m (258 lbf⋅ft) @ 1750 rpm10.1 s215 km/h
(134 mph)
5.3 l/100 km
(53 mpgimp)
139
2.0TTiD 20112012I41956 cc187 hp (139 kW; 190 PS) @ 4000 rpm400 N⋅m (295 lbf⋅ft) @ 1750 rpm8.8 s230 km/h
(143 mph)
6.0 l/100 km
(47 mpgimp)
159

Transmissions and layout

Petrol engineLayout
ModelYearsStandardOptionalfront-wheel drivefour-wheel drive
1.6T2011–20126-speed manual-Green check.svgRed x.svg
2.0T2010–20126-speed manual6-speed automaticGreen check.svgGreen check.svg
2.8T2010–20126-speed automatic-Red x.svgGreen check.svg
BioPower engineLayout
ModelYearsStandardOptionalfront-wheel drivefour-wheel drive
2.0T2010–20126-speed manual6-speed automaticGreen check.svgGreen check.svg
Diesel engineLayout
ModelYearsStandardOptionalfront-wheel drivefour-wheel drive
2.0TiD2010–20126-speed manual6-speed automaticGreen check.svgRed x.svg
2.0TTiD2010–20126-speed manual-Green check.svgGreen check.svg

Safety

Euro NCAP test results
Saab 9-5 (2009) [28]
TestPoints%
Overall:Star full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svg
Adult occupant:3494%
Child occupant:3980%
Pedestrian:1644%
Safety assist:686%

Reviews

Notes

  1. "2010 Saab 9-5 – You must see this vehicle". SaabsUnited.com. 2009-09-15. Retrieved 2010-02-13.
  2. Tunberg, Anders (1997). Saab 9-5: a Personal Story. Norden Publishing House.
  3. "Saab builds last 9-5, begins retooling for new model". Leftlanenews.com. Retrieved 2009-07-28.
  4. "Final Saab 9-5 SportCombi Model Rolls Off Assembly Line". SaabHistory.com. 2010-02-01. Retrieved 2010-02-01.
  5. "Ny Teknik avslöjar: Saab-affär med kineserna klar". Talentum Media AB. Archived from the original on 2012-06-06. Retrieved 2012-02-04.
  6. gminsidenews.com Saab builds the last GM2902 9-5 SportCombi
  7. carscoop.blogspot.com Archived 2011-07-25 at the Wayback Machine ; China made Saab 9-5 by BAW, Carscoop, Apr 22, 2010
  8. "Bulletins - SI/MI - (210-1991 utg. 2) Carbon particles or loose deposits in the engine oil" (PDF). Retrieved 12 October 2020.
  9. Jensen, Christopher (3 March 2005). "Saab Extends Engine Warranty After Finding Sludge Problems". The Center for Auto Safety. Retrieved 12 October 2020.
  10. "GM Saab to Introduce BioPower 100 Concept in Geneva; Optimized for E100, with 150 HP/Liter". Green Car Congress. Retrieved 12 October 2020.
  11. "2008 Saab 9-5 Sedan: Safety Features and Specifications". Saabusa.com. Archived from the original on 2010-08-15. Retrieved 2010-09-27.
  12. City of Aspen – Police Department – Patrol Division Archived October 5, 2006, at the Wayback Machine
  13. "Vail police switch from Saab to Ford". USA Today. 2003-09-23. Retrieved 2010-05-23.
  14. "Saab 9-5 2.3t Police Model (UK)". Worldcarfans.com. 2006-09-21. Retrieved 2010-09-27.
  15. "Czym jeździ video-drogówka – Poboczem.pl – Nie tylko wiejski tuning i tragiczne wypadki drogowe". Poboczem.pl. Retrieved 2009-07-28.
  16. Times for Sport Sedan with manual gearbox, in brackets indicated times for Sport Combi. Automatic times are not represented, but does generally 1–2 s more.
  17. Valdemar Lönnroth valdemar.lonnroth@ttela.se. "ttela: Forna Saab-chefer på nya jobb" (in Swedish). Ttela.se. Retrieved 2012-09-01.
  18. 1 2 "Saab". Saab. Archived from the original on 2010-08-26. Retrieved 2010-03-22.
  19. "Saab". Saab. Archived from the original on 2010-03-23. Retrieved 2010-03-22.
  20. "GM Media Online". Media.gm.com. 2009-10-16. Retrieved 2009-10-23.[ dead link ]
  21. "Spyker press release" (PDF). Spyker N.V. 2010-01-26. Retrieved 2010-01-26.
  22. "All-new Saab 9-5 SportCombi to Debut at Geneva Motor Show - Saab Newsroom". Newsroom.saab.com. Archived from the original on 2011-01-22. Retrieved 2011-02-05.
  23. "Saab 9-5 named Car of the Year in Singapore". Media.saab.com. 2011-10-07. Archived from the original on 2011-11-25. Retrieved 2011-12-11.
  24. "Saab output suspended again over supplier payments". Crain Communications, Inc. 2011-03-30. Retrieved 2012-02-04.
  25. "Saab 9-5 Information". LeftLane News. Archived from the original on 2012-02-03. Retrieved 2012-01-03.
  26. "SAAB 9-5 2012 model year UK specs & prices". blog.Saab9-5. 2011-06-16. Retrieved 2012-01-03.
  27. http://www.bilsvar.se/sv/Sok-bil/?pageNumber=1&brand=SAAB&model=9-5&year>2009&body=Sedan
  28. "Official Saab 9-5 2009 safety rating results". Euro NCAP.
  29. "Reviews - SAAB 9-5". Auto Express. Retrieved 2015-01-21.
  30. "SAAB 9-5 Saloon". Auto Trader. Retrieved 2015-01-21.
  31. "Reviews - SAAB 9-5". Parker's Car Guides. Retrieved 2015-01-21.
  32. "Saab 9-5 9-5 Vector SE 2.0 TiD Saloon". The AA. Retrieved 2015-01-21.

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The Ford Laser is a compact car, originally a subcompact car in the first three generations, which was sold by Ford in Asia, Oceania, and parts of South America, and Africa. It has generally been available as a sedan or hatchback, although convertible, wagon and pick-up versions have also been available in different markets. The sedan, and briefly station wagon, versions were badged Ford Meteor in Australia between 1981 and 1987. The Ford Meteor name was also used in South Africa.

Opel Astra Motor vehicle

The Opel Astra is a compact car/small family car engineered and manufactured by the German automaker Opel since 1991, currently at its fifth generation. It was launched in September 1991 in hatchback, saloon, and station wagon forms. A sedan delivery/panel and a convertible also appeared in the early 1990s. These bodystyles were later followed by a coupé in 2004, the sporty Astra OPC was appeared in 2005 and the Twin Top retractable hardtop convertible replaced the soft top convertible in 2006, while the Caravan was rebadged the Astra Sports Tourer from 2009 onwards.

Subaru Impreza Model of compact car

The Subaru Impreza is a compact car that has been manufactured by Subaru since 1992. It was introduced as a replacement for the Leone, with the predecessor's EA series engines replaced by the new EJ series. It is now in its fifth generation.

Mazda Capella Motor vehicle

The Mazda Capella, also known as the 626 In North America, is a mid-size car that was manufactured by Mazda from 1970 to 2002. Sold in the Japanese domestic market under the Capella name, the vehicle was also commonly known in other major markets as the Mazda 626. Ford, Mazda's partner at the time, would also use the Capella platform to create the Ford Telstar and Ford Probe. 4,345,279 of the 626 and Telstar models were sold worldwide.

Nissan Skyline Series of automobiles manufactured by Nissan

The Nissan Skyline is a brand of automobile originally produced by the Prince Motor Company starting in 1957, and then by Nissan after the two companies merged in 1967. After the merger, the Skyline and its larger counterpart, the Nissan Gloria, were sold in Japan at dealership sales channels called Nissan Prince Shop.

Škoda Superb A large family car that has been produced by the Czech car manufacturer Škoda Auto

The Škoda Superb is a large family car that has been produced by the Czech car manufacturer Škoda Auto since 2001.

Mazda6 Motor vehicle

The Mazda 6 or Mazda6 is a mid-size car produced by Mazda since 2002, replacing the long-produced Capella/626 in 2002. The car was popular among consumers, selling faster than all previous Mazda models.

Hyundai Elantra Compact car

The Hyundai Elantra or Hyundai Avante, is a compact car produced by the South Korean manufacturer Hyundai since 1990. The Elantra was initially marketed as the Lantra in Australia and some European markets. In Australia, this was due to the similarly named Mitsubishi Magna Elante model; similarly, in other markets, the name Avante is not used due to its similarity with Audi’s "Avant" designation, which is used for their line-up of station wagons. The name was standardized as "Elantra" worldwide in 2001.

Škoda Fabia A supermini car produced by Czech manufacturer Škoda

The Škoda Fabia is a supermini car produced by Czech manufacturer Škoda Auto since 1999. It is the successor of the Škoda Felicia, which was discontinued in 2001. The Fabia was available in hatchback, estate and saloon body styles at launch, and since 2007, the second generation is offered in hatchback and estate versions. The third generation Fabia was launched in 2015, and the fourth in 2021.

Mitsubishi RVR Motor vehicle

The Mitsubishi RVR is a range of cars produced by Japanese manufacturer Mitsubishi Motors from 1991 to 2002 and then from 2010 until present. The first two generations were classified as compact multi-purpose vehicles (MPV), and the model introduced in 2010 is a subcompact crossover SUV.

Opel Insignia Mid-size/large family car manufactured by Opel

The Opel Insignia is a mid-size/large family car engineered and produced by the German car manufacturer Opel, currently in its second generation. Production of the Insignia started in August 2008, replacing the Vectra and Signum. The vehicle is sold under the Vauxhall marque in the United Kingdom as the Vauxhall Insignia. It has also been sold by Holden in Australia as the Holden Insignia and later as the Holden Commodore, from 2018 onwards. In 2011, the Buick marque in North America launched a derivative version of the Opel Insignia known as the Buick Regal.

Subaru Legacy (fourth generation) Motor vehicle

The fourth generation of the Subaru Legacy was introduced in 2003 and saw a complete redesign of the Legacy on an all-new platform. Development began by the beginning of 1999, with styling freeze in early 2001 and engineering sign-off in 2003.

Honda Civic (tenth generation) Motor vehicle

The tenth generation Honda Civic was released in November 2015 in the North American market, 2016 in Europe and Asia-Pacific, replacing the ninth generation Honda Civic.

Volkswagen Jetta (A6) German compact car

The Volkswagen Jetta (A6) is a compact car, the sixth generation of the Volkswagen Jetta and the successor to the Jetta (A5). Known as the NCS during its development, it was released in 2010 and was phased out since 2018 to make way for the Jetta (A7). The A6 Jetta is notable for leaving the premium positioning in the compact car segment, a strategy employed by Volkswagen to increase volume in the North American market. It is also marked the departure from being a sedan derivative of the Golf, opting for a dedicated bodywork instead.

Saab Aero Performance marque of Saab Cars

The Saab Aero marque represents the high-performance division of cars produced by Saab Automobile. The Aero marque is in reference to Saab's history as an aircraft manufacturer. The first Aero model was the 1984 Saab 900 Aero, and every Saab model has been offered in an Aero trim level since then. The final Aero model was the 2014 Saab 9-3, which was manufactured by the holding company NEVS. This was also the last time a Saab-branded vehicle has been manufactured by the holding company.