Buick LaCrosse

Last updated
Buick LaCrosse
Buick LaCrosse III facelift 01 China 2019-04-04.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer General Motors
Also calledBuick Allure (Canada, 2005–2010)
Alpheon (South Korea, 2010–2015)
ProductionSeptember 7, 2004–February 15, 2019 (US)
February 2006–present (China)
Model years 2005–2019 (US)
2006–present (China)
Body and chassis
Class Mid-size luxury car [1] [2] [3] [4]
Body style 4-door sedan
Layout Front-engine, front-wheel drive
Front-engine, four-wheel-drive (2010–present)
Chronology
Predecessor Buick Century (for 2005)
Buick Regal (for 2005)
Buick Park Avenue
Buick Lucerne

The Buick LaCrosse is a mid-size [5] sedan manufactured and marketed by Buick since 2004. The LaCrosse is now in its third generation, slotted above the Buick Regal as the brand's flagship vehicle.

Contents

The first-generation LaCrosse replaced the Century and Regal in North America beginning in the 2005 model year, serving as the brand's mid-size car. The automobile was originally sold as the Buick Allure in Canada. For 2010, the LaCrosse was completely redesigned and moved upmarket as a larger premium sedan. [6] [7] The model was redesigned again for 2017.

Although production ended on February 15, 2019 for the North American market, the LaCrosse is still produced in China where it received a facelift for 2019.

Concept

In 2000, Buick showcased a LaCrosse concept featuring styling features that harkened back to Buicks of the late 1940s, such as a long hood, swooping sidespear (featured on Buicks starting in 1940 and sporadically until the 1970s), front fender port holes, and a fastback roof line. Unique features included a removable rear roof and trunk panel (converting the trunk into a truck bed) and voice recognition instead of traditional switches for basic interior functions. The Buick LaCrosse Concept was based on the GM G body shared with the Buick Park Avenue. [8]

First generation (2005)

North America

First generation (North America)
2005-2007 Buick LaCrosse -- 03-21-2012 2.JPG
Pre-facelift Buick LaCrosse
Overview
Also calledBuick Allure (Canada)
ProductionSeptember 7, 2004 [9] –December 23, 2008
Model years
  • 2005–2009
  • 2006–2008 (China)
Assembly
Designer Wayne Cherry (2001)
James C. Shyr
(2006 interior; 2007 exterior)
Body and chassis
Class Mid-size [10] [11]
Layout Transverse front-engine, front-wheel drive
Platform W-body
Related
Powertrain
Engine
Transmission
  • 4-speed 4T65-E automatic
  • 4-speed 4T65E-HD automatic
  • 6-speed automatic (China)
Dimensions
Wheelbase 110.5 in (2,807 mm)
Length
  • 198.1 in (5,032 mm)
  • 196.8 in (4,998 mm) (China)
Width
  • 73.0 in (1,854 mm)
  • 72.9 in (1,851 mm) (China)
Height
  • 57.4 in (1,458 mm)
  • 57.5 in (1,461 mm) (China)
Buick LaCrosse Pre-Facelifted Rear View 2006 Buick LaCrosse rear.jpg
Buick LaCrosse Pre-Facelifted Rear View
Facelift Buick LaCrosse (US, 2009; rear view) 2009 Buick LaCrosse CXL, blue, rear left.jpg
Facelift Buick LaCrosse (US, 2009; rear view)

The LaCrosse debuted in late 2004 as a 2005 model, replacing the Century and Regal. The name was borrowed from a Buick concept car shown in 2000 referencing the sport of lacrosse.[ citation needed ]

Riding on a revised version of the W-body known as MS2000, the LaCrosse was initially available with two powerplant choices in three trim levels: a 3.8 L 3800 Series III V6 available in base CX and mid-level CXL forms, and a 3.6 L HFV6 V6 in the top line CXS model. The CXS was replaced by the Super in the US market for the 2008 model year. [12] However, sales of the CXS continued in Canada until January 1, 2008. [13]

Power is routed to the front wheels via a 4T65-E automatic transmission (4T65-E HD on Supers). The LaCrosse, along with all other GM vehicles powered by the 3.8 L V6, became the first SULEV-compliant vehicles for 2006.

This generation of LaCrosse was sold in Canada as the Buick Allure, as the verb crosser is a French Canadian vulgarity that can mean either "masturbation" or "scam". [14] [15]

The final first-generation LaCrosse was manufactured on December 23, 2008.[ citation needed ]

2008

The LaCrosse received a facelift for 2008. The vehicle's front end design was based on the Buick Velite concept, which was later used by the Chinese LaCrosse. [16]

All trim levels received a chrome exterior appearance package, factory remote start feature, XM Satellite Radio, telescoping steering wheel column, redundant steering wheel controls and dual-zone climate control as added standard equipment. CX added a leather-wrapped steering wheel, theft deterrent system, illuminated vanity mirrors, driver information center personalization and more. [17]

Super

2009 Buick LaCrosse Super 2009 Buick LaCrosse -- 09-07-2009.jpg
2009 Buick LaCrosse Super

A Super trim of the LaCrosse debuted for 2008. The LaCrosse Super was positioned as a higher-performance model of the sedan with revised front end styling, as well as a return of displaying four Ventiports under the hood, a rear spoiler, projector beam fog lights, Magnasteer, larger brakes, and revised suspension tuning with standard Stabilitrak.

Power came from the 5.3 L LS4 small-block V8 engine featuring Active Fuel Management technology, [18] which is routed to the front wheels. The combination of a V8 and front-wheel drive are not often utilized due to torque steer which is present in any front-wheel-drive car. This powertrain was also found on the Grand Prix GXP, Impala SS, and Monte Carlo SS. The Super model was one of the fastest modern production Buicks ever built, with a factory top speed of 150 mph (240 km/h), and 0–60 mph times of 5.7 seconds. Only the 1987 Buick GNX offered a similar level of performance. The LaCrosse Super was discontinued in 2009.

Interior changes included special Super badged cluster with blue face, a wood grain shift knob, and dream weave leather seating. Interior colors for the Super were Platinum and Mocha Brown, while exterior color choices were Mocha Brown Metallic, Black Onyx, Red Jewel Tincoat, and Platinum Metallic.

Safety

The LaCrosse received a Good overall score in the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety's frontal impact crash test and a Marginal overall rating in the side impact test. [19] Injury measurements for the side-impact crash test include a Poor mark for the driver's torso and a Marginal score for the driver's pelvis and leg. Side airbags are limited to the curtain type for both front and rear rows; the torso-type side airbag is unavailable. [20] 2007 models also earned one out of five stars in a National Highway Traffic Safety Administration side-impact crash test. [21] The IIHS also found that the 2006–08 model year LaCrosse had the second-highest fatality rate in the large four-door car class; only the Buick Lucerne fared worse. [22]

Models

YearsModelsEngineDisplacementHorsepowerTorqueEPA Fuel Economy
2005–2009CX
CXL
3.8 L L26 V6231  cu in (3791 cc)200 hp (149 kW) @ 5200 rpm230 lb⋅ft (312 N⋅m) @ 4000 rpmCity: 17 mpgUS (14 L/100 km; 20 mpgimp)
Hwy: 28 mpgUS (8.4 L/100 km; 34 mpgimp)
2005–2008CXS3.6 L LY7 V6217 cu in (3564 cc)240 hp (179 kW) @ 6000 rpm225 lb⋅ft (305 N⋅m) @ 2000 rpmCity: 17 mpgUS (14 L/100 km; 20 mpgimp)
Hwy: 25 mpgUS (9.4 L/100 km; 30 mpgimp)
2008–2009Super5.3 L LS4 V8325 cu in (5327 cc)300 hp (224 kW) @ 5600 rpm323 lb⋅ft (438 N⋅m) @ 4000 rpmCity: 16 mpgUS (15 L/100 km; 19 mpgimp)
Hwy: 24 mpgUS (9.8 L/100 km; 29 mpgimp)
Source: [23]

China

Shanghai GM introduced the Buick LaCrosse in February 2006, as a more upscale companion to its Buick Regal sedan. [24] Designed by Shanghai GM's Pan Asia Technical Automotive Center (PATAC), the Chinese LaCrosse is based on the same architecture as the North American model, but possesses different exterior and interior designs, and a different engine lineup. The car is also built in Taiwan by a joint Yulon-GM venture.

Eco-Hybrid

In 2008, Shanghai GM introduced a mild hybrid system on the LaCrosse. Using the Belt Alternator Starter system, it is the first hybrid vehicle in the Chinese market as well as the first hybrid in its segment. [25]

Second generation (2010)

Second generation
2010 Buick LaCrosse CXS -- 08-12-2010.jpg
Overview
Also calledBuick Allure (Canada, 2010 only)
Alpheon (South Korea, 2010–2015)
ProductionJune 15, 2009–2016
Model years 2010–2016
AssemblyUnited States: Fairfax Assembly, Kansas City, Kansas
China: Shanghai (Shanghai GM)
South Korea: Bupyeong (GM Korea)
Designer Exterior: Michael Pevovar, Manager (2005-2008)
Justin Thompson (2007), Richard Duff (2007)
James C. Shyr (2010)
Designers
Interior: Jeff Nasca, Manager
James C. Shyr (2011)
Body and chassis
Class Mid-size [26] [27]
Layout Transverse FF / F4 layout
Platform GM Epsilon II LWB
Related
Powertrain
Engine
Transmission
Dimensions
Wheelbase 111.7 in (2,837 mm)
Length196.9 in (5,001 mm)
Width73.1 in (1,857 mm)
Height59.2 in (1,504 mm)
Curb weight 3,765–4,065 lb (1,708–1,844 kg)

Launched at the 2009 North American International Auto Show in Detroit, Michigan., [28] the second-generation Buick LaCrosse was redesigned from the ground-up and moved the nameplate upmarket, becoming Buick's flagship sedan. [29] [30]

The exterior features Buick's "VentiPorts" and the "Sweepspear", Buick styling features dating to 1949. The interior is defined by having "few straight lines and 90-degree joints, if any. Instead, surfaces and controls are rounded, coved, or arched." [31] According to The New York Times , the new LaCrosse combined design elements from classic Americans cars of the 1930s and 1950s with traditional Chinese aesthetic elements: [32]

Mechanically, the second-generation LaCrosse employed a long-wheelbase (LWB) variant of the Epsilon II platform, shared with the Opel Insignia and the 2010 Saab 9-5. [33] The design was based on 2008 Buick Invicta concept, and replaces both the Chinese and North American models. The final design work was carried out at the GM design center in Warren, Michigan. [34]

Engines

The 2.4 L Ecotec four-cylinder replaced the 3.0 V6 as the standard engine on the CX model in the first quarter of 2010. [35] The 3.6 L V6 continues to be an option on the CX and front-wheel drive CXL and standard on the CXS and all-wheel drive CXL. [36]

YearsModelsTypePowerTorque
2010CX2.4 L Ecotec I4182 hp (136 kW)172 lb⋅ft (233 N⋅m)
CX, CXL3.0 L LF1 V6 (2,994 cc (183 cu in))255 hp (190 kW) at 6,950 rpm217 lb⋅ft (294 N⋅m) at 5,600 rpm
CXS3.6 L LLT V6 (3,564 cc (217 cu in))280 hp (209 kW) at 6,400 rpm259 lb⋅ft (351 N⋅m) at 5,200 rpm
2011CX, CXL (FWD)2.4 L Ecotec I4182 hp (136 kW)172 lb⋅ft (233 N⋅m)
CXL, CXS3.6 L LLT V6 (3,564 cc (217 cu in))280 hp (209 kW) at 6,400 rpm259 lb⋅ft (351 N⋅m) at 5,200 rpm
2012 [37] -2016FWD (Base–Premium 1)2.4 L Ecotec I4 with eAssist 182 hp (136 kW)172 lb⋅ft (233 N⋅m)
FWD (except Base), AWD3.6 L LFX V6 (3,564 cc (217 cu in))303 hp (226 kW) at 6,800 rpm264 lb⋅ft (358 N⋅m) at 5,300 rpm

All V6 models are equipped with the Hydra-Matic 6T70 6-speed automatic transmission.

Reception

The receptions by car critics was generally positive, recognizing the LaCrosse as competitive to the Lexus ES, Hyundai Azera, [38] and Toyota Avalon. By automotive journalists, comparisons to the Lexus ES 350 generally found both cars to be roughly comparable. [39] According to The New York Times , the new LaCrosse combined design elements from classic American cars of the 1930s and 1950s with traditional Chinese aesthetic elements: [32]

U.S. News & World Report aggregated the following ratings based on numerous reviews of the models years, also for the 2016 model year. Results of the analysis were given on a scale of 1 to 10, where a higher number indicates positive reception. The overall result for the 2016 model year was 8.7, critics' rating 8.8, performance 8.1, interior 8.4, and safety 9.7. [40]

YearOverallCritics' RatingPerformanceInteriorCost to OwnSafetyProsCons
20108.49.18.59.18.99.4Luxurious interior; Strong acceleration, even with base engine; Great safety ratingsSmall trunk
20119.08.78.49.09.19.7Luxurious interior rivals a Lexus; Excellent safety ratingsSmall trunk
20128.88.48.28.59.09.7Good fuel economy with eAssist; Powerful available V6; First-rate, attractive cabinSmall trunk; Poor rearward visibility
20138.98.88.28.28.99.7eAssist model's great fuel economy; Comfortable ride; Handsome, well-built cabinSmall trunk
20148.68.88.08.38.79.7Luxurious interior; Comfortable, quiet ride; Good fuel economy in eAssist modelSmall trunk
20158.68.78.18.4N/A9.7Upscale, quiet cabin; LaCrosse eAssist's excellent fuel economy; Comfortable, refined rideLimited trunk room; Numb steering; LaCrosse eAssist's poor acceleration
20168.78.88.18.4N/A9.7Excellent infotainment system; Spacious, quiet interior; LaCrosse eAssist's good fuel economy; Comfortable, controlled rideSmall trunk; Underpowered eAssist engine

Seconding other critics, New Car Test Drive described the interior as, [41]

... finely detailed, high-quality character. The more you look, the more you see. Throughout the cabin are few straight lines and 90-degree joints, if any. Instead, surfaces and controls are rounded, coved, or arched. Real stitching is used to join seams of the seats, shifter boot and soft material used on the door panels and around the instruments. Chrome and wood trim are used judiciously, tastefully, and the materials in the headliner and upper parts of the cabin look and feel like premium material.

Technology and features

The 2010 Buick LaCrosse CXS is the first North American car to incorporate a front suspension design, marketed as HiPer Strut, designed to improve ride and handling and reduces torque steer. [42] The Buick LaCrosse CXS includes a system marketed as Real Time Damping that adjusts the damping forces of the shocks and struts for improved ride and handling. [43]

The 2010, 2012, and 2013 models lacked an interior trunk release mechanism. The trunk was only accessible using the key fob (remote keyless entry) or a touch sensor between the trunk lid and the license plate. The 2011 year model added a remote release button at the left of the steering wheel on the instrument panel. The 2014 model refresh returned the trunk release button to LaCrosse but placed it on the driver door. [44] [45]

For 2016, the LaCrosse added a new Sport Touring Edition which included unique 18" aluminum black pocket wheels and a rear lip spoiler.

eAssist

The 2012 LaCrosse features a new mild hybrid as its base model. Dubbed eAssist, the 2012 LaCrosse introduced GM's second generation belted-alternator starter system. The non-hybrid 4-cylinder is no longer offered. The system consists of a 115-volt lithium-ion battery pack, a 15  kW electric motor capable of adding 15 horsepower of assist while accelerating, and the next generation 6T40 GM Hydramatic transmission with reduced friction components over the previous generation. The eAssist LaCrosse delivers a class leading fuel economy of 25 mpg city and 36 mpg highway. In addition to providing additional power to the 182 hp 2.4-liter 4-cylinder, the BAS-II system allows for engine start/stop operation when the vehicle isn't moving and allows for complete fuel cut off to the engine during deceleration. [46] The LaCrosse was sold in Mexico starting in 2010, as the Buick brand returned to the country after 13 years of absence. [47]

For 2016, the LaCrosse added a new Sport Touring Edition which included unique 18" aluminum black pocket wheels and a rear lip spoiler.

Canadian market: Allure

The 2nd generation LaCrosse debuted to the Canadian market at the 2009 Montreal International Auto Show as the Buick Allure, [48] and soon after production began, General Motors Canada renamed the Allure to LaCrosse, to correspond with the car's global marketing. [15] GM Canada has offered existing Allure owners the option to change nameplates to LaCrosse. [49]

Korean market: Alpheon

The Alpheon was a localized version of the Buick LaCrosse for the South Korean market. Alpheon was a standalone brand from GM Korea. The cars were additionally fitted with amenities such as controls in the rear armrest, mood lights and more. A version of the vehicle (with 3.0-liter V-6 engine, six-speed automatic transmission) was unveiled at the 2010 Busan International Motor Show. [50]

Production began on August 9, 2010 at GM Daewoo's factory in Bupyeong, Incheon. Market launch began in September 2010. Early model includes a model with 3.0-liter engine (from 2010 Buick LaCrosse) in mid-September, followed by two models each with 2.4-liter engine in October. [51] [52]

The Alpheon was discontinued in 2015, after monthly sales fell below 500 cars. GM Korea replaced it with the Chevrolet Impala. [53]

Chinese market: Roewe 950

The Roewe 950 is a licensed restyled Chinese version of the Buick LaCrosse produced by Roewe of SAIC. It is sold alongside the Buick LaCrosse in China, and has a price range similar to that of the LaCrosse. The sheet metal, while similar in appearance, is unique to the Roewe.

In late February 2012, the Chinese government took the Buick LaCrosse (along with all other foreign vehicles) off of the list of vehicles approved for government procurement. [54] Though popular among government officials the LaCrosse also thrives via private purchases. Effects on sales remains to be seen.

2014 facelift

Buick unveiled a revised 2014 LaCrosse at the 2013 New York Auto Show. Redesigned front and rear fascias, new wheel designs, a reconfigurable 8 inch TFT instrument cluster, semi-aniline leather seating, and radar- and camera-based safety features such as forward collision alert and side blind zone alert highlight the changes for this mid-cycle refresh.

Production

Production of North American models moved from Oshawa to the Fairfax Assembly plant in Kansas City, Kansas, where it runs down the same production line as the Chevrolet Malibu. [55] Delivery of 2010 year models was delayed a few weeks in order to assure quality control. [56] Production for China started a month later.

Third generation (2017)

Third generation
2018 Buick LaCrosse Premium AWD, Front left, 05-19-2020.jpg
2018 Buick LaCrosse Premium
Overview
Production2016–present (China)
2016–2019
(North America) [57]
Model years 2016–present (China)
2017–2019 (N. America)
Assembly
Designer Holt Ware
Elizabeth Wetzel (interior)
Body and chassis
Class Mid-size
Body style 4-door sedan
Layout FF / F4
Platform P2XX platform
Powertrain
Engine
  • 1.5 L LFV I4 (turbo gasoline)
    (20T China; 2016–2018; 552T 2021–present)
  • 1.8 L I4 (hybrid gasoline/electric) (30H China; 2016–2018)
  • 2.0 L LTG I4 (turbo gasoline)
    (28T China; 2016–2019)
  • 2.0 L LSY I4 (turbo gasoline)
    (652T China; 2020–present)
  • 2.5 L LHN I4 [58]
    (HP5 20kW Hybrid gasoline/electric) (North America)
  • 3.6 L LGX DI V6 (gasoline)
    (North America)
Transmission
  • 6-speed GM 6T40 (MNH) automatic (North America)
  • CVT (30H China; 2016–2018)
  • 7-speed dual clutch
    (20T China; 2016–2018)
  • 8-speed Aisin (AF50-8) automatic (North America; 2017 only)
  • 9-speed 9T50 Hydramatic automatic
    (28T China; 2016–2019, 552T/652T 2020–present)
  • 9-speed GM 9T60 (M3G) automatic (North America; 2018-2019)
Dimensions
Wheelbase 114.4 in (2,905 mm)
Length197.5 in (5,017 mm)
197.9 in (5,026 mm) (2019 facelift)
Width73.5 in (1,866 mm)
Height57.5 in (1,460 mm)
57.6 in (1,462 mm) (2019 facelift)
Curb weight 3,329–3,560 lb (1,510–1,615 kg)(I4 Powertrain)

The third generation LaCrosse debuted at the 2015 LA Auto Show as a 2017 model [59] using E2XX platform shared with the 2016–present Chevrolet Impala. The platform switch reduced its weight by about 300 pounds (140 kg), despite slightly growing in length and width. The weight reduction was achieved by use of high-strength steels and better sound-absorbing material. The car is powered by a GM Small Gasoline Engine and GM Ecotec engine in China for tax credit purposes and by a Fourth Generation GM High Feature engine in North America. Starting 2018, the LaCrosse comes standard with an eAssist drivetrain, consisting of a mild hybrid 20-kilowatt (27 hp) electric and 2.5-liter Ecotec gasoline engine sending power to the front wheels through a 6-speed automatic transmission. [60] In order to make room for an upcoming new product in the Kansas City, KS facility, the production of the LaCrosse was moved from GM Fairfax Assembly to Detroit/Hamtramck Assembly.

The main difference between the North American and Chinese models sold is the drive system. Models sold in the Chinese market are front wheel drive vehicles compared to their American counterparts which are available in front wheel drive or all wheel drive.

Rear view 2018 Buick LaCrosse Premium AWD, Rear Left, 05-19-2020.jpg
Rear view

Third generation features include:

Safety

The 2017 LaCrosse received a Top Safety Pick in the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety's Crashworthiness test and a Poor rating for headlights, which prevented a Top Safety Pick Plus. [62] The LaCrosse comes standard with 10 air bags including front air bags, roof rail-mounted head-curtain air bags, seat-mounted side-impact air bags for both front and rear outboard seat passengers, and knee air bags for front seat passengers. Additional standard safety features include Ultra-sonic rear parking assist, and backup camera. Optional safety features include a following distance indicator, forward collision alert, forward collision braking, front pedestrian detection, blind spot detection, lane keeping assist, and rear-cross traffic alert. [63]

Reception

The receptions by car critics was generally positive, but not without flaws. Car and Driver stated, "Elegant exterior, much-improved interior materials, impressive ride and handling with up level suspension," [64] while US News and World Report listed the 2017 LaCrosse as a Finalist for Best Large Car for Families. [65] Motor Trend stated, "The car drops about 300 pounds and rides on a new platform, which contributes to a better driving experience and a much quieter ride. Buick also separates the LaCrosse from most competitors by offering all-wheel drive on the highest trim level," and listed the Kia Cadenza, Nissan Maxima, Chrysler 300, and Lexus ES as competitors. [66]

Reviewers were critical of the gear selector, however, with Consumer Reports stating, "Our biggest gripe about the controls is the new electronic gear selector. Drivers used to a traditional PRNDL configuration—in other words, those drivers who kept the lights on for Buick for many years—will be puzzled, if not angered." [67] In addition, reviewers were critical of the sticker price on top trim, heavily optioned models with Bloomberg stating, "by the time you spend the $48,395 it costs to get the LaCrosse to this level, you're creeping into Audi/BMW/Mercedes territory." [68]

Discontinuation

The Buick LaCrosse is one of six vehicles GM discontinued after the 2019 model year amid a global restructuring effort by the company. The discontinuation of the LaCrosse only affects the North American market [69] [70] and Buick will continue to build the LaCrosse in China, where the sedan is a best seller. [71] Production of the Buick LaCrosse for North America ceased on February 15, 2019. [57]

2019 facelift

Buick LaCrosse third generation facelift 001.jpg
Buick LaCrosse third generation facelift 002.jpg
2019 Buick LaCrosse facelift (China)

A facelift was introduced for the 2019 model year in the Chinese market, with the facelifted LaCrosse featuring a new 2.0-liter turbo engine to the powertrain options. The new 2.0-liter turbo engine is one of GM’s eighth-generation Ecotec engines and delivers a maximum output of 237 hp and 350 N-m of torque. The 2019 LaCrosse is available with a nine-speed Hydra-Matic automatic transmission with an average fuel consumption of 6.9 liters per 100 kilometers (34 miles per gallon). [72] Trim levels for the New LaCrosse model are known as the 652T Elite, 652T Luxury and 652T Distinguished. [73] From 2021 onwards, the 552T trim level was available.

Yearly sales

Calendar yearUnited StatesChina
200410,995 [74]
200594,631
200671,072 [75] 52,021
200747,74771,500
200836,873 [76] 32,892
200927,818 [77] 43,429 [78]
201061,178 [79] 104,378
201158,474 [80] 103,366 [81]
201257,07686,101
201348,798 [82] 89,279
201451,468 [83] 83,858
201542,035 [84] 85,005
201627,582 [85] 80,966
201720,161 [86] 99,609
201815,527 [87] 69,709
20197,241 [88] 39,937
2020230 [89] 54,975

Related Research Articles

Buick Mid-level luxury division of General Motors

Buick is a division of the American automobile manufacturer General Motors (GM). Started by automotive pioneer David Dunbar Buick, it was among the first American marques of automobiles, and was the company that established General Motors in 1908. Before the establishment of General Motors, GM founder William C. Durant had served as Buick's general manager and major investor.

Chevrolet Impala American full-size car

The Chevrolet Impala is a full-size car built by Chevrolet for model years 1958 to 1985, 1994 to 1996, and 2000 until 2020. The Impala was Chevrolet's popular flagship passenger car and was among the better selling American-made automobiles in the United States.

Buick Regal Mid-sized car model

The Buick Regal is an upscale mid-sized car that was first introduced by Buick for the 1973 model year. The model was originally positioned as a personal luxury car, and typically offered in both coupe and sedan forms until 1997, when the Regal became sedan-only due to the decline of the personal luxury coupe market. For certain model years between 1973 and 2004, the Regal shared bodies and powertrains with the similar Buick Century, although the Regal was positioned as a more upmarket vehicle.

Cadillac CTS Motor vehicle

The Cadillac CTS is an executive car that was manufactured and marketed by General Motors from 2003 to 2019 across three generations. Historically, it was priced similar to cars on the compact luxury spectrum; but it has always been sized closely to its mid-size rivals. The third generation competes directly with the mid-size luxury cars. Initially available only as a 4-door sedan on the GM Sigma platform, GM had offered the second generation CTS in three body styles: 4-door sedan, 2-door coupe, and 5-door sport wagon also using the Sigma platform — and the third generation was offered only as a sedan, using a stretched version of the GM Alpha platform.

GM W platform Motor vehicle platform

The W-platform was a General Motors automobile platform which underpinned both mid size and full-size front-wheel drive cars. Originally code named GM10, it began development in 1982 under Chairman Roger B. Smith and debuted in 1987 with the Pontiac Grand Prix, Buick Regal, and Oldsmobile Cutlass Supreme coupés. The four-door sedan version was introduced for 1990.

Isuzu Gemini Motor vehicle

The Isuzu Gemini was a subcompact car that was produced by the Japanese automaker Isuzu from 1974 to 2000. The same basic product was built and/or sold under several other names, sometimes by other General Motors brands, in various markets around the world. While the first generation was of a rear-wheel drive design, later versions were all front-wheel-drive. The last two generations were no more than badge-engineered Honda Domani until the name was retired in 2000.

Buick Park Avenue Motor vehicle

The Buick Park Avenue is a full-size luxury car built by Buick. The nameplate was first used in 1975 for an appearance option package on the Electra 225 Limited. It became an Electra trim level in 1978 and its own model starting in the 1991 model year after the Electra was discontinued. There were two generations of the Park Avenue that were manufactured in the United States until 2005. In 2007, the nameplate was revived on a large Buick sedan built by Shanghai GM for the Chinese market based on the Holden Caprice from the WM/WN range. The nameplate is derived from the affluent New York City boulevard, Park Avenue.

Buick Lucerne Motor vehicle

The Buick Lucerne is a full-size luxury car manufactured by General Motors from 2005 to 2011. Named for the city of Lucerne, Switzerland, it served as Buick's top-of-the-line sedan until it was replaced by the second generation Buick LaCrosse.

Daewoo Lacetti Compact car

The Daewoo Lacetti is a compact car manufactured and marketed globally by GM Korea since 2002.

Hyundai Grandeur Executive sedan

The Hyundai Grandeur is a front-wheel drive executive sedan manufactured and marketed by the South Korean manufacturer Hyundai since 1986. From 1986 to 1996, the Grandeur was the flagship for Hyundai's South Korean range before the Hyundai Dynasty was introduced. The Grandeur has evolved through five generations with intermediate restylings, and is marketed under various nameplates worldwide—prominently as the Hyundai Azera. As the Azera, it was the flagship of Hyundai's United States lineup til the arrival of the Genesis sedan. After the launch of the separate Genesis brand, the Grandeur/Azera resumed its place as the company's flagship.

Chevrolet Cruze Compact car marketed by GM from 2008-2019

The Chevrolet Cruze is a compact car that has been made by the Chevrolet division of General Motors since 2008. The nameplate has been used previously in Japan, for a version of a subcompact hatchback car produced under a joint venture with Suzuki from 2001 to 2007, and was based on the Suzuki Ignis.

Chevrolet Orlando car manufactured by GM Korea under the Chevrolet division

The Chevrolet Orlando is a crossover-styled three-row compact MPV manufactured by General Motors under the Chevrolet brand since 2011. The first-generation model was mainly developed and manufactured by GM Korea, while also assembled in four other countries. Its main markets were South Korea, Europe, Canada, Latin America, and several other Asian countries. It was not marketed in the United States.

Cadillac XTS Motor vehicle

The Cadillac XTS is a full-size, four-door, five-passenger, front-wheel drive or all-wheel drive luxury sedan from Cadillac based on an enlarged version of the Epsilon II platform shared with the Buick Lacrosse and Chevrolet Impala — and manufactured from 2013–2019 over a single generation.

Cadillac ATS Motor vehicle

The Cadillac ATS is a compact executive 4-door sedan and 2-door coupe manufactured and marketed by Cadillac and developed at the General Motors Technical Center in Warren, Michigan. Cadillac assembles the ATS at the Lansing Grand River Assembly plant in Lansing, Michigan.

Buick Excelle Motor vehicle

The Buick Excelle is the common name for the compact cars marketed by Shanghai General Motors Company Limited under GM's Buick brand.

Buick Excelle GT Chinese compact car

The Buick Excelle GT is the name for the compact car manufactured by SAIC-GM under GM's Buick brand.

Buick Verano Motor vehicle

The Buick Verano is a compact car manufactured by General Motors for its Buick brand since 2010. It debuted at the North American International Auto Show on January 10, 2011, during a preview of Buick's then upcoming 2012 model. It is the first compact marketed by Buick in the United States since the 1998 Buick Skylark. Verano is Spanish for summer.

Buick Envision Motor vehicle

The Buick Envision is a compact crossover SUV manufactured by General Motors. It is exclusively manufactured in China by the SAIC-GM joint venture, supplying the domestic market and the North American market.

Buick Avenir Motor vehicle

The Buick Avenir is a concept car manufactured by Buick. The name of the vehicle "Avenir" means "future" in French. In October 2017, Buick made Avenir a premium top of the line sub-brand, similar to GMC’s Denali and Chevrolet’s Signature series. The Buick LaCrosse and Enclave were the first vehicles to receive this upgrade for the 2018 model year.

Buick Encore GX crossover automobile

The Buick Encore GX is a subcompact crossover SUV built by General Motors starting in 2019. Like the smaller Encore, the Encore GX is manufactured by GM Korea. In China, it is manufactured by the SAIC-GM joint venture.

References

  1. "2011 Buick LaCrosse Review". Kelly Blue Book Editor's Review. Retrieved September 17, 2017.
  2. "2010 Buick Lacrosse". New Car Test Drive review of redesigned upscale version. Retrieved September 17, 2017.
  3. "2005 Buick LaCrosse". Edmund's Review. Retrieved 2018-07-14.
  4. "2005 Buick LaCrosse". Car Guru's review. Retrieved 2018-07-14.
  5. "Fuel Economy of the 2016 Buick LaCrosse". www.fueleconomy.gov. Retrieved September 17, 2017.
  6. "2010 Buick LaCrosse - Review". The Car Connection Review. Retrieved September 17, 2017.
  7. "2010 Buick LaCrosse". New Car Test Drive review of redesigned upscale version. March 13, 2010. Retrieved September 17, 2017.
  8. https://www.auto123.com/en/news/2000-buick-lacrosse-concept/43391/?page=2
  9. Ward's Automotive Yearbook 2005. Ward's Communications, Inc. 2005. p. 115.
  10. "2005 Buick LaCrosse". Edmund's Review. Retrieved 2018-07-14.
  11. "2005 Buick LaCrosse". Car Guru's review. Retrieved 2018-07-14.
  12. "2008 Buick LaCrosse & LaCrosse Super". GM Media Online. August 1, 2007. Archived from the original on October 8, 2008. Retrieved 2009-09-13.
  13. "2008 Buick Allure & Allure Super". GM Media Online.[ permanent dead link ]
  14. Arcand, Denis (September 14, 2009). "La Buick LaCrosse ? Un nom pas d'Allure ..." [The Buick LaCrosse? A name without Allure...]. La Presse (Montréal) (in French). Retrieved September 17, 2017.
  15. 1 2 Cancilla, Patricia (September 3, 2009). "Buick Allure now LaCrosse in Canada". National Post . Retrieved 2009-09-04.
  16. Nunez, Alex (November 26, 2006). "China's Buick LaCrosse is cooler than ours". Autoblog. Retrieved September 17, 2017.
  17. Neff, John (March 27, 2007). "New York Preview: 2008 Buick LaCrosse gets facelift". Autoblog. Retrieved September 17, 2017.
  18. "'Super' Buicks: The Return". The Crittenden Automotive Library. Retrieved September 17, 2017.
  19. "IIHS-HLDI: Buick LaCrosse". Iihs.org. 2008-11-25. Retrieved September 17, 2017.
  20. "IIHS-HLDI: Buick LaCrosse". Iihs.org. 2008-11-25. Retrieved 2009-05-09.
  21. Neff, John (February 13, 2007). "Buick LaCrosse shamed with one-star crash performance, receives tweaks". Autoblog. Retrieved September 17, 2017.
  22. "Dying in a Crash" (PDF). Status Report. Retrieved September 17, 2017.
  23. 2008 specs Archived October 8, 2008, at archive.today
  24. "2007 Buick LaCrosse for the Chinese market". Auto Review Automotive Blog. 2006-02-27. Archived from the original on 2008-12-06. Retrieved 2009-07-19.
  25. Ramsey, Jonathon (January 22, 2008). "Buick LaCrosse Hybrid debuts in China". Autoblog. Retrieved 2009-07-19.
  26. "2010 Buick LaCrosse - Review". The Car Connection Review. Retrieved 2016-03-07.
  27. "2010 Buick LaCrosse". New Car Test Drive review of redesigned upscale version. Retrieved 2016-03-07.
  28. Abuelsamid, Sam (January 8, 2009). "Detroit Preview: 2010 Buick LaCrosse breaks cover". Autoblog. Retrieved 2009-09-13.
  29. "2011 Buick LaCrosse Review". Kelly Blue Book Editor's Review. Retrieved 2016-03-07.
  30. "2010 Buick Lacrosse". New Car Test Drive review of redesigned upscale version. Retrieved 2016-03-07.
  31. "Buick LaCrosse 2011 Review". New Car Test Drive. Retrieved 2016-03-15.
  32. 1 2
  33. 2010 Buick Lacrosse revealed (with video) – Left Lane News
  34. The Auto Channel (2009-06-22), 2010 Buick LaCrosse eVent: Younger Side of Design , retrieved 2017-08-27
  35. "LaCrosse Four-Cylinder Engine Offered In 2010 Q1". General Motors. December 17, 2009. Retrieved 2010-03-19.
  36. Steven J. Ewing (March 24, 2010). "Buick LaCrosse drops 3.0 L V6, adds four cylinder". Autoblog. Retrieved 2010-03-24.
  37. "Buick News – United States – LaCrosse". Media.gm.com. Retrieved 2012-01-08.
  38. "2012 Buick LaCrosse vs. 2012 Hyundai Azera vs. 2013 Lexus ES 350". motortrend.com. Retrieved April 10, 2021.CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  39. "Buick LaCrosse vs Lexus ES 350". Cars for Sale Press Blog.
  40. "Buick LaCrosse Overview". U.S. News & World Reports Car Rankings for Buick LaCrosse. Retrieved 2016-03-07.
  41. "Buick LaCrosse 2011 Review". New Car Test Drive. Retrieved 2016-03-15.
  42. "Buick LaCrosse's Innovative HiPer Strut Suspension Delivers Improved Ride And Handling". Media.gm.com. March 24, 2010. Retrieved 2010-06-12.
  43. "2012 LaCrosse Luxury Car Specs and Features". Buick. Archived from the original on 2010-12-20. Retrieved 2012-01-08.
  44. Nunez, Alex (10 Sep 2010). "Buick LaCrosse Vs Buick Regal". Fox News. Archived from the original on 2015-06-01. Retrieved 28 Apr 2015.
  45. "Buick Forum: Opening trunk on a LaCrosse". Buick Forum. Jelsoft Enterprises Ltd. 30 May 2011.
  46. "Understanding the Technology behind the Buick LaCrosse eAssist". CheersandGears.com. 2010-12-05. Retrieved 2010-12-05.
  47. Marietta, Loriana (August 26, 2009). "Buick Prepares Return to Mexico". Edmunds Inside Line. Retrieved 2009-11-19.
  48. "Eight Canadian Premieres at Ford and GM". AutoTrader.ca. January 20, 2009. Retrieved 2009-09-13.
  49. Saporito, Nick (September 3, 2009). "Canada: Buick Allure Now Called LaCrosse". GM Inside News. Retrieved 2009-09-13.
  50. Buick LaCrosse rebranded as Daewoo Alpheon in South Korea
  51. GM Daewoo Starts Production of Alpheon Luxury Sedan in The Chosunilbo, 10 August 2010.
  52. "GM Daewoo Announces Alpheon Luxury Sedan – GM Inside News Forum". Gminsidenews.com. 2010-04-28. Retrieved 2010-06-12.
  53. In-Soo Nam (2015-08-10). "GM Launches Impala in South Korea". The Wall Street Journal . Retrieved 2016-06-21.
  54. Ramsey, Jonathon (February 28, 2012). "China issues list of approved vehicles for government purchase, excludes imports for first time". Autoblog. Retrieved 2012-05-16.
  55. Korzeniewski, Jeremy (April 8, 2009). "Buick announces starting price of $27,835 for 2010 LaCrosse". Autoblog. Retrieved 2009-09-13.
  56. "GM Delays New Buick Shipments on Quality Concerns". ABC News. September 1, 2009. Archived from the original on September 19, 2009. Retrieved 2009-09-13.
  57. 1 2 Willems, Steph. "A Brief Reprieve for Detroit-Hamtramck Assembly". The Truth About Cars.
  58. http://gmauthority.com/blog/gm/gm-engines/lhn
  59. Gardner, Greg (2015-11-18). "Buick's 2017 LaCrosse unveiled in L.A." Detroit Free Press. Retrieved 2015-11-20.
  60. https://media.buick.com/media/us/en/buick/home.detail.html/content/Pages/news/us/en/2017/jun/0605-2018-lacrosse.html
  61. "2017 US Product Information Guide |" (PDF).
  62. "2017 Buick LaCrosse". IIHS. Retrieved 2018-08-02.
  63. "2017 Buick LaCrosse". Car and Driver. Retrieved 2018-08-02.
  64. "2017 Buick LaCrosse". Car and Driver. Retrieved 2018-08-02.
  65. "2017 Buick LaCrosse #3 in 2017 Affordable Large Cars". US News and World Report. Archived from the original on 2018-08-03.
  66. "2017 BUICK LACROSSE MODEL OVERVIEW". Motor Trend.
  67. "Redesigned 2017 Buick LaCrosse Walks a Fine Line". Consumer Reports. Retrieved 2018-08-02.
  68. "The 2017 Buick LaCrosse Is Better Than You Think". Bloomberg.com. Retrieved 2018-08-02.
  69. Thomas Barrabi (November 27, 2018). "These 6 GM vehicles are ending production". Fox News . Retrieved November 29, 2018.
  70. "GM Cuts Cadillac CT6, XTS, Chevrolet Impala, Cruze, Volt, and Buick LaCrosse". Automobilemag.com. Retrieved 2018-11-27. |title=The 2017 Buick LaCrosse Is Better Than You Think|work=Bloomberg.com|access-date=2018-08-02|language=en}}
  71. "Cadillac CT6, Buick Lacrosse To Live On In China" from GM Authority (November 28, 2018)
  72. "Buick Details China-Only LaCrosse, LaCrosse Avenir Facelift".
  73. "2020 Buick Lacrosse Chinese Market".
  74. "GM Reports December 2005 and Year Results". General Motors. January 4, 2006. Retrieved September 17, 2017.
  75. "GM Media Online". General Motors. January 3, 2007. Archived from the original on June 21, 2007. Retrieved May 9, 2009.
  76. "GM Reports 221,983 Deliveries in December; 2,980,688 Vehicles Sold in 2008". General Motors. January 5, 2009. Retrieved September 17, 2017.
  77. http://media.gm.com/content/Pages/news/us/en/2010/Jan/0105_Dec_Sales/_jcr_content/iconrow/textfile/file.res/Deliveries%20December%2009.xls
  78. "GM Sales in China Jump 66.9% in 2009 to All-Time High, Continue to Lead the Industry". January 4, 2010. Retrieved September 17, 2017.
  79. "GM U.S. Deliveries for December 2010 – Divisional Brand Level" (PDF). Retrieved September 17, 2017.
  80. "Sales: December 2011 – General Motors – Cheers & Gears: Forums". Cheersandgears.com. January 4, 2012. Retrieved September 17, 2017.
  81. "General Motors Sets Sales Record in China in 2011". January 9, 2012. Retrieved September 17, 2017.
  82. "GM U.S. Deliveries for December 2013" (PDF). General Motors. January 3, 2014. Retrieved September 17, 2017.
  83. "GM Deliveries up 19 percent in Blockbuster December". General Motors. January 5, 2015. Retrieved September 17, 2017.
  84. "GM, Chevrolet Lead with Industry's Largest Retail Market Share Increases of 2015". General Motors. January 5, 2016. Retrieved September 17, 2017.
  85. "Chevrolet and GM Lead U.S. Retail Sales and Share Gains for 2016". General Motors. January 4, 2017. Retrieved September 17, 2017.
  86. http://media.gm.com/media/us/en/gm/home.detail.html/content/Pages/news/us/en/2018/jan/0103-gmsales.html
  87. "GM's U.S. Crossover Sales Topped 1 million in 2018". 2019-01-03.
  88. "GM Sells More Than 1 Million Crossovers Again in 2019, and Over 1 Million Full-Size Trucks". 2020-01-03.
  89. "GM 2020 Sales Far Outperform the U.S. Industry in Fourth Quarter and Calendar Year". GM Corporate Newsroom. General Motors. Retrieved 9 January 2021.