General Motors VSS platforms

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GM VSS platforms
2021 Chevrolet TrailBlazer RS AWD, front 7.11.20.jpg
2021 Chevrolet Trailblazer, one of the first vehicles to use a VSS platform
Overview
Manufacturer
Parent company General Motors
Also called
  • VSS-F
  • VSS-R
  • VSS-S
  • VSS-T
Production2020 – present
Body and chassis
Class
Layout
Vehicles
Chronology
Predecessor

Vehicle Set Strategy, commonly shortened to VSS, is the name applied to a series of four automotive platforms in use by General Motors for their vehicles as part of an effort to consolidate their platform usage for the present and future. [1] Currently, the Buick Encore GX and Chevrolet Trailblazer are the only production vehicles using these platforms, though GM eventually plans to have one of four VSS platforms underpin over 75% of their models, the only exceptions being dedicated EV platforms and the Corvette. [2]

Contents

VSS-F

VSS-F is to be GM's primary front-wheel drive platform, considered a successor to the Gamma, Delta, and Epsilon platforms. It is planned to underpin many subcompact to fullsize cars as well as GM's smaller crossovers in the future, a pattern established by the first models to use it, the Chevrolet Trailblazer and Buick Encore GX. [3]

Of the four, this platform has the most developed implementation plan, with three variants already established: [4]

GEM

Currently, many of GM's economy cars sold in foreign markets ride on the Global Emerging Markets platform, known as GEM. [5] The company has indicated their intentions to retain this platform as a low-cost derivative of VSS-F, though no further information is yet known as to what it will be referred to as or how similarly to the current platform it will be used. [6]

VSS-R

VSS-R is to be GM's sole rear-wheel drive platform, considered a successor to both the Alpha and Omega platforms. Vehicles slated to be underpinned by this platform include the second generations of the Cadillac CT4, CT5, and CT6, as well as future models of the Chevrolet Camaro. [7] [8] [9]

VSS-S

VSS-S is to be GM's secondary front-wheel drive platform, also capable of all-wheel drive. Due to this, GM intends to utilize this platform for crossovers ranging in size between compact and fullsize. Vehicles slated to be underpinned by this platform include the Buick Enclave and Chevrolet Equinox. [10]

VSS-T

VSS-T is to be GM's sole body-on-frame suv and pickup truck platform, considered a successor to the long-standing GMT platform and capable of all-wheel drive. It is to be capable of supporting midsize and fullsize truck dimensions, and will underpin both the fifth generation Chevrolet Silverado and the fourth generation Chevrolet Colorado/GMC Canyon. [11]

See also

Related Research Articles

Buick Mid-level luxury division of General Motors

Buick is a division of the American automobile manufacturer General Motors (GM). Started by automotive pioneer David Dunbar Buick, it was among the first American marques of automobiles, and was the company that established General Motors in 1908. Before the establishment of General Motors, GM founder William C. Durant had served as Buick's general manager and major investor.

GM Korea South Korean subsidiary of General Motors

GM Korea Company is the South Korean subsidiary of multinational corporation General Motors. GMK is also the third largest automobile manufacturer in South Korea. GM Korea's roots go back to the former Daewoo Motor vehicle brand which was split from its parent company, Daewoo Group, in 2001. It has three manufacturing facilities in South Korea. In addition, GM Korea provides region and brand-specific vehicle assembly kits for assembly by GM affiliates in the United States, Brazil, China, Colombia, and Mexico, and formerly in Australia and India after GM's February 2020 announcement to withdraw from all right-hand-drive markets worldwide. In 2008, GM Korea built more than 1.9 million vehicles, including CKD products. It currently produces vehicles and kits for Chevrolet and Buick that are offered in more than 150 markets on continents that don't have right-hand-drive markets. It produced vehicles and kits for Holden in Australia until the brand's demise in 2020. GM Korea also has design, engineering, research & development facilities that are involved in development for various GM products, above all small-size cars.

General Motors Zeta platform Motor vehicle platform

Zeta was the original name for General Motors' full-size rear-wheel drive automobile platform developed by GM's Australian subsidiary company Holden and was most recently referred to as the "Global RWD Architecture". The GM Zeta replaced the V-body, and debuted with 2006 Holden Commodore (VE) sedan and Holden (VE) Ute. This platform was considered as the replacement for the North American W, H, and K platforms until plans were cancelled due to fuel-economy considerations and GM's financial situation. Although the future of the Zeta program was in doubt at that time, in May 2009, Holden began the development of an improved second version of the platform that went on to form the basis of the 2013 Commodore (VF) and Chevrolet SS.

General Motors Delta platform Motor vehicle platform

Delta is General Motors' compact front-wheel drive automobile and crossover SUV platform, a successor to the GM T platform; it also replaced GM J platform and the Z platform used by the Saturn S-Series. The platform debuted in the 2003 Saturn Ion. Vehicles of this platform generally carry the letter "A" in the fourth character of their VINs.

General Motors Epsilon platform Motor vehicle platform

Epsilon is General Motors' mid-size front-wheel drive automobile platform. The architecture was developed by Opel, and debuted in the 2002 Opel Vectra and 2003 Saab 9-3. Since this platform falls squarely in the center of the worldwide automobile market, GM plans to produce a great many Epsilon vehicles with over a dozen variations. As of 2005, it was GM's highest volume worldwide platform. Even after the dissolution of the GM/Fiat partnership, both companies retain the rights to continue developing Epsilon-derived models.

SAIC-GM

SAIC General Motors Corporation Limited is a joint venture between General Motors Company and SAIC Motor that manufactures and sells Chevrolet, Buick, and Cadillac brand automobiles in Mainland China.

General Motors Gamma platform Motor vehicle platform

Gamma is General Motors' global subcompact front-wheel drive automobile platform, first used in the 2000 Opel Corsa C.

Lansing Grand River Assembly (LGR) is a General Motors owned and operated automobile assembly facility located in Lansing, Michigan, United States. Lansing Grand River Assembly produces vehicles built upon the GM Alpha platform including the Cadillac CT4, Cadillac CT4-V, Cadillac CT5, Cadillac CT5-V and Chevrolet Camaro.

Buick Enclave crossover SUV

The Buick Enclave is a mid/full-size three-row crossover SUV launched in 2007 for 2008 model year. The Enclave, the Saturn Outlook, the GMC Acadia, and the Chevrolet Traverse all share the GM Lambda platform. The Enclave was previewed at the 2006 North American International Auto Show, officially as a concept car, making it the first Lambda vehicle to be displayed. The Enclave is partially based on the Buick Centieme concept shown at the 2003 Detroit Auto Show. The Enclave is positioned somewhere between mainstream and entry-level luxury brands. That means it's more expensive than models such as the Chevrolet Traverse and the Honda Pilot but not as expensive as an Acura MDX or Audi Q7.

General Motors H platform (1971) Motor vehicle platform

The General Motors H platform is an automobile platform used by subcompact cars from the 1971 to 1980 model years. The first subcompact car design developed by GM, the rear-wheel drive H platform initially underpinned the Chevrolet Vega and its Pontiac Astre counterpart. For 1975, the H platform was expanded from entry-level vehicles to sport compacts, adding the Chevrolet Monza, Buick Skyhawk, Oldsmobile Starfire, and Pontiac Sunbird.

General Motors Alpha platform Motor vehicle platform

The GM Alpha platform currently underpins General Motors' compact to mid-size, front-engine, rear-wheel and four-wheel drive vehicles. Platform basics include MacPherson struts on the front, 5 link independent rear, use of high strength steel and aluminum, and an overall focus on reducing weight. The GM Alpha platform made its debut in the 2013 Cadillac ATS, which entered production in July 2012.

In the context of the automobile industry, downsizing is a practice used to transition vehicles from one size segment to another. Often done in response for consumer and government demands to increase fuel economy, vehicle downsizing has been achieved through several methods. As product lines complete model cycles, during a redesign, automobile manufacturers reduce the exterior footprint of a vehicle to allow for weight reduction, shortening wheelbase and body length.

Buick Encore mini SUV

The Buick Encore is a subcompact crossover SUV built by General Motors since 2012. It is Buick's first subcompact crossover SUV and fourth SUV overall after the 2002 Rendezvous, 2004 Rainier, and 2008 Enclave.

Chevrolet Trax subcompact SUV

The Chevrolet Trax is a subcompact crossover SUV manufactured by Chevrolet since 2013. The car is based on the GM Gamma II platform, which is shared with the Chevrolet Aveo/Sonic, as well as the Opel Mokka/Buick Encore. It was also marketed as the Holden Trax in Australia, and as the Chevrolet Tracker in Russia and South America.

Buick Encore GX crossover automobile

The Buick Encore GX is a subcompact crossover SUV built by General Motors starting in 2019. Like the smaller Encore, the Encore GX is manufactured by GM Korea. In China, it is manufactured by the SAIC-GM joint venture.

Global Emerging Markets, better known in acronym form as GEM, is the name of an automotive platform in use by General Motors for various vehicles sold in markets of the developing world, where many GM vehicles designed for the United States and wealthier parts of China are too expensive for most consumers.

The Cadillac Lyriq is an upcoming electric crossover to be produced by Cadillac, a division of the automotive conglomerate General Motors (GM). It is the third GM electric vehicle (EV) sold in North America, after the Chevrolet Bolt EV and EUV, and Cadillac's first fully electric vehicle. It introduces new technology, a new design style, the ability to park and unpark itself, as well as to drive on a freeway without the driver steering the wheel, a new version of GM's Super Cruise technology. The Lyriq will launch in the US in early 2022 as a 2023 model. It will be assembled at the Spring Hill Manufacturing factory in Spring Hill, Tennessee for North America and at a new EV-only plant in Yantai, China for Asia.

General Motors BEV2 platform Electric vehicle platform

Battery Electric Vehicle 2, better known in acronym form as BEV2, is the name of an automotive platform made by the automotive conglomerate General Motors (GM) designed specifically for small electric vehicles (EVs). Multiple divisions of the LG Corporation have been instrumental in construction in addition to GM's contributions to the platform.

Buick Velite 7 Motor vehicle

The Buick Velite 7 is a subcompact electric crossover. It is sold exclusively in China. The Velite 7 is similar to the Chevrolet Bolt, using the same BEV2 platform, but it is slightly larger.

References

  1. "GM's 2025 platform plan: Simplify and seek to save billions". Reuters. 2014-10-02. Retrieved 2020-04-16.
  2. "GM's new unified platform strategy makes its debut with Buick Encore GX, Chevy Trailblazer". Motor Authority. Retrieved 2020-04-16.
  3. "GM Looks To Consolidate 26 Platforms Into Four Vehicle Sets By 2025". GM Authority. Retrieved 2020-04-16.
  4. Reuss, Mark. "2014 General Motors Business Conference". pp. 4–8. Retrieved April 16, 2020.
  5. "GM bets it has a GEM of a plan to hit paydirt in emerging markets". Automotive News. 2019-04-16. Retrieved 2020-04-16.
  6. "VSS Next Generation Vehicle Platforms". www.gminsidenews.com. Retrieved 2020-04-16.
  7. "Possible NEW engines and drivetrains for 7th gen Camaro!!! - Page 5 - CAMARO6". www.camaro6.com. Retrieved 2020-04-16.
  8. "Alpha and Omega will Combine: Next CT6 to be on VSS-R. Larger Escala-Type to Follow". Cheers and Gears. Retrieved 2020-04-16.
  9. "What's Really Going On With The Future Chevrolet Camaro". GM Authority. Retrieved 2020-04-16.
  10. "General Motors future models - Chevrolet SUVs & pick-ups". www.just-auto.com. 2019-09-02. Retrieved 2020-04-16.
  11. "Setting The Record Straight: T1 GM Platform Is Not VSS-T". GM Authority. Retrieved 2020-04-16.