|Manufacturer||Opel (General Motors)|
|Also called|| Buick Cascada (US)|
Vauxhall Cascada (UK)
Holden Cascada (Oceania)
Opel Cabrio (Spain)
|Assembly||Poland: Gliwice (Opel Manufacturing Poland)|
|Body and chassis|
|Class||Subcompact convertible (S)|
|Body style||2-door convertible|
|Platform||Delta II platform|
|Related|| Opel Astra J|
Opel Zafira Tourer C
|Transmission||6-speed GM F40 manual |
6-speed GM 6T45 (MH7) automatic
|Wheelbase||2,695 mm (106.1 in)|
|Length||4,696 mm (184.9 in)|
|Width||1,839 mm (72.4 in)|
|Height||1,443 mm (56.8 in)|
|Curb weight||1,701–1,816 kg (3,750–4,004 lb)|
|Predecessor||Opel Astra H TwinTop|
The Opel Cascada is a front-engine, front-wheel drive, two-door, four-passenger subcompact fabric-roof convertible,manufactured and marketed by Opel across a single generation for model years 2013-2019, prioritizing year-round touring comfort over sportiness.
Nearly identical badge engineered variants were marketed globally using the Cascada nameplate under four General Motors brands: Opel, Vauxhall, Holden and Buick — and the Opel Cabrio nameplate in Spain.
The 2+2 convertible was engineered at Opel's International Technical Engineering Center in Rüsselsheim, Germany and was styled under the direction of Mark Adams, head of Opel design, at Opel's Rüsselsheim Design Center — with Andrew Dyson (exterior) and Elizabeth Wetzel (interior).
After debuting at the 2012 Geneva Auto Show, the brand variants were manufactured in Gliwice, Poland up until assembly ended on 28 June 2019 — with a combined total of 48,500 produced and the final Cascada manufactured for the United States.
The Cascada derives its name from the Spanish word for waterfall.
Engineered and styled in Germany, manufactured in Poland (with its 200-hp 1.6 liter engine produced in Hungary and its 6-speed automatic transmission imported from Mexico),the Cascada was marketed globally under four General Motors brands:
The Opel Cascada debuted in late 2012 and was launched on 20 April 2013, offering two four cylinder petrol engines, 1.4L or 1.6L — and a 2.0L diesel. These were offered with either a six-speed manual or six-speed automatic.
The Vauxhall Cascada launched in the UK in March 2013 with a choice of a 1.4-litre turbo or the 1.6-litre direct injection diesel[ citation needed ]— introducing the 1.6L petrol engine in September 2013 at the Frankfurt Motor Show.
The Buick Cascada debuted at the 2015 North American International Auto Show in January 2015, and went on sale in the US in January 2016 — as the brand's first factory convertible since the 1991 Buick Reatta, and first two-door model since the 1999 Buick Riviera. More than 600 changes were necessary to meet U.S. safety and comfort requirements. The Buick was available in two trim levels: 1SV and Premium — and with one engine, the 200 hp (149 kW) 1.6 liter inline-four engine. GM did not market it in Canada.
The Holden Cascada went on sale in Oceania in April 2015 as the successor to Holden's Astra TwinTop, discontinued in 2009. At launch, the Holden variant was offered with only the 1.6L petrol engine and a six speed automatic. Two trim levels were available which are base and launch edition. The Launch edition offered twenty inch alloys, nappa leather sport seats, ventilated front seats, adaptive bi-xenon headlights and LED daytime running lights. Holden ended sales of the Cascada on 1 May 2017.
All Cascada variants were developed during the period when General Motors had filed for Chapter 11 Bankruptcy and its restructuring commenced. As the Cascada neared the end of its production, Opel was sold to Groupe PSA (2017), — noting also low sales, especially in the United States. Production of the Buick Cascada ended in the second quarter of 2019, on June 28th.and the convertible segment experienced a sharp decline globally. In February 2019, GM confirmed it would end marketing the Cascada, after Groupe PSA confirmed it would not continue future production
The Cascada uses GM's Delta II platform shared with its compact front-wheel drive cars and small crossover SUVs, including the Opel Astra J, with which it shares much of its mechanical componentry as well as much of its instrument panel.
Cascada specifications, trim and equipment levels vary slightly between the Opel, Buick, Vauxhill and Holden badge engineered variants, with shared standard equipment including electric park brake, sport seats, French stitching on the instrument panel, DAB Radio, auto headlights and wipers, cruise control and 7.0" Intellilink Infotainment System.
Available ergonomic seats for the driver and front passenger were certified by the Aktion Gesunder Rücken (AGR, "Campaign for Healthier Backs"), an independent panel of back experts. The AGR accredited front seats offered six-way movement and a broad range of adjustment, with a powered, pneumatic lumbar support, a 60 mm (2.4 in) seat cushion extender and a long, 280 mm (11.0 in) fore/aft travel movement.
Where equipped with leather, the Cascada interior uses the Bayer Cool Leather System,which uses specific dyes and pigments to reflect solar infrared; improve thermal comfort, lower the leather surface temperatures up to 20-30°C less and improve shrinkage properties.
Regional differences include ISOFIX points standard both Opel, Vauxhall and Holden models while the Holden Cascada also has top tether mounts. Excluding Holden all Buick, Opel and Vauxhall (Elite trim from 2016) Cascadas include GM's OnStar System as of 2016 as GM expands the service into Europe.
Cargo capacity is 380 litres (13.4 cu ft) with the top raised and 280 litres (9.9 cu ft) with the top stowed. To allow for longer cargo, each side of the 50:50 split rear seatbacks can be lowered by their own control, while standing at the open rear trunk — via an electro-magnetic system, marketed as Flexfold. Because the taillights are entirely located on the trunk lid, a second set of tail lights inside the trunk remain visible when the lid is raised, complying with (e.g.) European safety regulations.
Front seats have automatic shoulder-belt presenters, where the outboard seatbelt buckle is mounted on an electrically-powered telescopic arm, which extends forward, "presenting" the seatbelt to driver or front passenger — triggered when the door is closed and the ignition is switched on. The arm retracts when the seatbelt is fastened.
A system marketed as Easy Entry is activated by manually releasing the front seat back and tilting it forward. This electronically moves the front seats forward to facilitate access to the 2+2 rear seating, which is moved back again by tilting the seat rearward. As the driver or passenger seat moves back and senses the knees of a rear occupant, it stops and returns the seat forward approximately an inch.
Structurally, the passenger cell primarily uses high-strength and ultra-high-strength steels. Built into the doors at the beltline, are diagonally running ultra-strong steel struts and reinforcements. The A-pillars on each sides of the windshield are high-strength press hardening steels, which are surrounded by hot-rolled and then cold-bent, oval-shaped steel tubes.The design also uses reinforced rocker panels with increased cross section; underbody reinforcements including X-braces, V-braces and additional brackets; and a reinforced “torsion box” bulkhead behind the rear seats that incorporates the pop-up roll bars. Opel claimed the body of the Cascada was 43% stiffer then that of the previous generation Astra H TwinTop, and works in tandem with the HiPer Strut suspension layout.
The Cascada was designed from the outset as a convertible, — and uses a heated glass rear window flush with the roof fabric. The frameless windows lower slightly on opening the doors or operating the convertible top.with its top module developed and manufactured by Magna Car Top Systems (Magna CTS). After first manually deploying a trunk-mounted cargo-divider, the soft top can be electro-hydraulically raised or lowered at speeds up to 50kmh/31mph by a control located between the two front seats. The top includes the automated operation of an articulating rigid tonneau cover that fully conceals the top when lowered
The cloth-faced top itself is double-layered for thermal and acoustic insulation, with an available triple-layered premium top featuring heavier layers and an additional polyester fleece layer for improved thermal and acoustic insulation.Offered in black, tan, brown and burgundy (marketed respectively as Ebony, Sahara, Sweet Mocha and Malbec), availability varies by model year and trim level.
Tested through 15,000 cycles, top operation requires the key be in accessory or on position and requires the driver to hold the top switch until a chime signals completion of the lowering (17 second) or raising (19 second) cycle. When stationary, the roof can be opened and closed via an optional remote control button on the key fob. As an option, side windows can be raised, lowered and locked via a single four-window switch.
The top was engineered to be weatherproof under extreme conditions. Each Cascada is individually tested in specialized water test booths at the end of the production line, each booth using 124 individual nozzles subjecting the car to 1.9 gallons of water per minute for ten minutes, equal to 1.23 inches of rain per minute.
In the event of imminent rollover, pyrotechnically-activated, spring-loaded rollover protection bars — connected to the vehicles airbag system — deploy behind rear seats, raising 14" to the height of the windshield.
When the rear seats are unoccupied, a large foldable windbreaker can be manually mounted behind the front seats, anchored into recesses in the rear side trim. The upper section of the windbreaker can be raised vertically to deflect wind, while the horizontal section remains fixed. With rear passengers aboard, a smaller windbreaker can be mounted between the rear head-rests to reduce drafts. Each windbreakers comes in its own bag, storable in the trunk.
The Cascada uses suspension systems similar to its Delta II platform siblings, the Cadillac ELR and Opel Astra GTC.
Front suspension, marketed as HiPer Strut, reduces the kingpin inclination angle and shortens the kingpin offset compared to a MacPherson strut design — helping to prevent torque steer; increase front axle grip during cornering and optimize tire contact with the road. The design reduces unwanted steering system disturbances over bumps and on rough roads and allows the Cascada to employ 20" tires.
The rear suspension, for packaging efficiency and lower cost compared to a fully independent suspsension, uses a semi-independent twist beam (or torsion beam) rear suspension with a Watts linkage, marketed as a compound crank system with Watts Z-link. The torsion beam itself is a U shaped, doubled-walled profile attached to trailing links via a ’magnetic-arc’ welding process — which uses magnetic forces to drive the components together for welding while allowing the beam’s thickness and attachment angles to be varied according to different engine and vehicle weights.
The Watts link centers the car’s rear axle during turns and provides increased lateral stiffness during turns, to help keep the rear suspension aligned with the front suspension. On straightaways, the Watts link allows the suspension to freely travel vertically while continuing to locate the suspension laterally.
The wattslink is carried on a small cross-member attached to the underside of the car, just behind the rear wheel center line. It comprises a short, pivoting center link with a ball joint at each end, to which the lateral links from the wheels are bolted.
The Cascada in all its variants primarily used the turbocharged 1.6 litre four cylinder Medium Gasoline Engine with Spark Ignition Direct Injection technology, which reduces fuel consumption. In the Cascada, it achieves a 0 to 60 mph time in the 8 to 9 second range.
The only available engine in the Buick Cascada was the 200 PS (147 kW; 197 hp) turbocharged 1.6 litre four cylinder with Spark Ignition Direct Injection technology and variable valve timing. The Holden Cascada was only available with the 170 PS (125 kW; 168 hp) version.
Other engines include two 1.4 L Family 0 petrol, with 120 PS (88 kW) and 140 PS (103 kW), both with 200 Nm (220 Nm with overboost) torque; and a 2.0 L CDTI diesel with 165 PS (121 kW) and 380 N⋅m (280 lbf⋅ft) torque.
|Model||Engine||Displacement||Power||Torque||Note||CO2 emission (g/km)||Years|
|1.4 Turbo VVT||I4||1364 cc||120 PS (88 kW; 118 hp) at 4200 rpm||200 N⋅m (148 lb⋅ft) at 1850-4200 rpm||N/A in United Kingdom||153||2013–2019|
|140 PS (103 kW; 138 hp) at 4900 rpm||200 N⋅m (148 lb⋅ft) at 1850-4900 rpm||148||2013–2019|
|1.6 Turbo SIDI||1598 cc||170 PS (125 kW; 168 hp) at 6000 rpm||260 N⋅m (192 lb⋅ft) (overboost 280 (207)) at 1650-4250 rpm||148||2013–2019|
|200 PS (147 kW; 197 hp) at 5500 rpm||280 N⋅m (207 lb⋅ft) (overboost 300 (221)) at 1650-3500 rpm||158||2014–2019|
|Model||Engine||Displacement||Power||Torque||Note||CO2 emission (g/km)||Years|
|2.0 CDTI||I4||1956 cc||165 PS (121 kW; 163 hp) at 4000 rpm||350 N⋅m (258 lb⋅ft) at 1750–2500 rpm||138||2013–2019|
|2.0 CDTI BiTurbo||195 PS (143 kW; 192 hp) at 4000 rpm||400 N⋅m (295 lb⋅ft) at 1750–2500 rpm||138||2014–2019|
Opel Automobile GmbH, usually shortened to Opel, is a German automobile manufacturer which is a subsidiary of Stellantis since 16 January 2021. It was owned by General Motors from 1929 until 2017 and the PSA Group, a predecessor of Stellantis, from 2017 until 2021. Opel vehicles are sold in the United Kingdom, Isle of Man and Channel Islands under the Vauxhall brand. Some Opel vehicles were badge-engineered in Australia under the Holden brand until 2020 and in North America and China under the Buick, Saturn, and Cadillac brands.
Buick is a division of the American automobile manufacturer General Motors (GM). Started by automotive pioneer David Dunbar Buick, it was among the first American marques of automobiles, and was the company that established General Motors in 1908. Before the establishment of General Motors, GM founder William C. Durant had served as Buick's general manager and major investor.
The Vauxhall Viva was a small family car produced by Vauxhall in a succession of three versions between 1963 and 1979. These were designated as the HA, HB and HC series.
The Vauxhall Chevette supermini or compact car was manufactured by Vauxhall in the United Kingdom from 1975 to 1984. It was Vauxhall's version of the "T-Car" small-car family from Vauxhall's parent General Motors (GM), and based primarily on the Opel Kadett C. The family also included the Isuzu Gemini in Japan, the Holden Gemini in Australia, the Chevrolet Chevette in the United States, Canada, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador and Argentina, and in the U.S. and Canada it was also rebadged as the Pontiac Acadian/Pontiac T1000.
The Opel Astra is a compact car/small family car engineered and manufactured by the German automaker Opel since 1991, currently at its fifth generation. It was launched in September 1991 in hatchback, saloon, and station wagon forms. A sedan delivery/panel and a convertible also appeared in the early 1990s. These bodystyles were later followed by a coupé in 2004, the sporty Astra OPC appeared in 2005, the Twin Top retractable hardtop convertible replaced the soft top convertible in 2006, while the Caravan was rebadged Astra Sports Tourer from 2009 onwards.
The Holden Astra is a small car formerly marketed by Holden. The first couple of generations of Astra were made only for Australia, and was a derivative of the locally produced Nissan Pulsar. With the Button car plan coming into effect, it was replaced by the Holden Nova, a rebadged Toyota Corolla.
The Opel Vectra is a mid-size car that was engineered and produced by the German automaker Opel from 1988 until 2008. The Vectra was also sold by the Vauxhall marque in the United Kingdom as the Vauxhall Cavalier from 1988 to 1995 and as the Vauxhall Vectra from 1995 to 2008, and it was also sold by Holden in Australia as the Holden Vectra, and by Chevrolet in Latin America as the Chevrolet Vectra.
The Opel Omega is an executive car engineered and manufactured by the German automaker Opel between 1986 and 2003. The first generation, the Omega A (1986–1993), superseded the Opel Rekord. It was voted European Car of the Year for 1987, and was available as a saloon or estate. The second generation, the Omega B, was manufactured from 1993 to 2003.
Delta is General Motors' compact front-wheel drive automobile and crossover SUV platform, a successor to the GM T platform; it also replaced GM J platform and the Z platform used by the Saturn S-Series. The platform debuted in the 2003 Saturn Ion. Vehicles of this platform generally carry the letter "A" in the fourth character of their VINs.
Epsilon is General Motors' mid-size front-wheel drive automobile platform. The architecture was developed by Opel, and debuted in the 2002 Opel Vectra and 2003 Saab 9-3. Since this platform falls squarely in the center of the worldwide automobile market, GM plans to produce a great many Epsilon vehicles with over a dozen variations. As of 2005, it was GM's highest volume worldwide platform. Even after the dissolution of the GM/Fiat partnership, both companies retain the rights to continue developing Epsilon-derived models.
The Vauxhall Victor is a large family car produced by Vauxhall from 1957 to 1976. The Victor was introduced to replace the outgoing Wyvern model. It was renamed Vauxhall VX Series in 1976 and continued in production until 1978, by which time it had grown significantly and was viewed, at least in its home market, as a larger-than-average family car.
Erich Bitter Automobil GmbH (Bitter) is a premium sports-luxury automobile marque produced in Germany and later Austria. Founder Erich Bitter, a former racing driver turned automobile tuner, importer and ultimately designer began crafting his own vehicles after business ventures with Italian manufacture Intermeccanica ended.
The Opel GT is a front-engine, rear-drive two-seat sports car manufactured and marketed by Opel in two generations — separated by a 34-year hiatus.
The Opel Manta is a rear-wheel-drive sports coupé built by German manufacturer Opel in two generations from 1970 to 1988. The Manta was a mildly sporting coupé based on the Ascona family car, akin to the Ford Falcon-based Mustang and its various imitators such as the Ford Capri. The Manta remained rear-wheel drive for both generations and also saw certain competition success.
The Opel Antara is a compact crossover SUV which was designed and produced by the German car manufacturer Opel from 2006 to 2015. The Antara, based on the Theta platform, shared its underpinnings and powertrains with the Chevrolet Captiva. However, it only offered five seats instead of seven, and had a different exterior and interior design. Sales commenced in November 2006.
Holden New Zealand Limited, named until 1994 as General Motors New Zealand Limited, was a subsidiary of General Motors of Detroit and distributes General Motors' motor vehicles, engines, components and parts in New Zealand.
The Opel Insignia is a mid-size/large family car engineered and produced by the German car manufacturer Opel, currently in its second generation. Production of the Insignia started in August 2008, replacing the Vectra and Signum. The vehicle is sold under the Vauxhall marque in the United Kingdom as the Vauxhall Insignia. It has also been sold by Holden in Australia as the Holden Insignia and later as the Holden Commodore, from 2018 onwards. In 2011, the Buick marque in North America launched a derivative version of the Opel Insignia known as the Buick Regal.
The Buick Excelle GT is the name for the compact car manufactured by SAIC-GM under GM's Buick brand.
The Opel Corsa is a supermini car engineered and produced by the German automobile manufacturer Opel since 1982. It has been sold under a variety of other brands and also spawned various other derivatives.
The Opel Mokka is a subcompact crossover SUV sold by German automotive marque Opel since 2012. Sales began with the model year of 2013, at the end of 2012. In 2016, the Opel Mokka was renamed to the Mokka X. It is also sold under the Vauxhall brand in the United Kingdom, and as the Buick Encore in North America and in China.
The final Cascada will be sold to a customer in the United States. The total production volume amounted to 48.5 thousand cars.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Opel Cascada .|
|City car||Agila A||Agila B||Karl|
|Supermini||Corsa A||Corsa B||Corsa C||Corsa D||Corsa E||Corsa F|
|Small family car||Ampera|
|Kadett D||Kadett E/Belmont||Astra F||Astra G||Astra H||Astra J||Astra K|
|Large family car||Ascona B||Ascona C||Vectra A||Vectra B||Vectra C / Signum||Insignia A||Insignia B|
|Executive car||Rekord E / Commodore C||Omega A||Omega B1||Omega B2||VXR8|
|Luxury car||Senator A||Senator B|
|Convertible||Tigra TwinTop B||Cascada|
|Mini MPV||Meriva A|
|Compact MPV||Meriva B|
|Zafira A||Zafira B|
|Large MPV||Sintra||Zafira Tourer C|
|Mini SUV||Mokka A||Mokka B|
|Compact SUV||Frontera A||Frontera B||Antara||Grandland|
|LAV||Kadett Combo||Combo B||Combo C||Combo D||Combo E|
|LCV||Bedford Blitz||Arena||Vivaro A||Vivaro B||Vivaro C|
|Movano A||Movano B|