|Manufacturer||Opel (General Motors)|
|Body and chassis|
|Class||Large family car (D)|
|Related||Holden Camira Vauxhall Cavalier|
|Successor|| Opel Vectra |
Opel Kadett (Ascona A wagon)
The Opel Ascona is a large family car (D-segment in Europe) that was produced by the German automaker Opel from 1970 to 1988. It was produced in three separate generations, beginning with rear-wheel-drive and ending up as a front-wheel drive J-car derivative.
The Ascona took its name from the lakeside resort of that name in Ticino, Switzerland, and already in the 1950s a special edition of the Opel Rekord P1 was sold as an Opel Ascona in Switzerland, where the name was again used in 1968 for a locally adapted version of the Opel Kadett B into which the manufacturers had persuaded a 1.7-litre engine borrowed from the larger Rekord model of the time.The Opel Ascona A launched in 1970 and sold across Europe was, however, the first mainstream Opel model to carry the name.
The Ascona was introduced in September 1970, lasting for 18 years and 3 generations and ended production in August 1988, to be replaced by the Opel Vectra A.
In motorsport, Walter Röhrl won the 1982 World Rally Championship drivers' title with an Ascona 400.
|Also called||Opel 1900 (USA)|
|Body and chassis|
|Body style||2/4-door saloon |
|Wheelbase||95.75 in (2,432 mm)|
|Length||164.5 in (4,178 mm)|
|Width||64.375 in (1,635 mm)|
|Height||54.5 in (1,384 mm)|
In the fall of 1970, Opel presented its completely new vehicle range in Rüsselsheim (internal project code 1.450). The Opel Manta coupé was launched on September 9, followed by the Opel Ascona on October 28 in two- and four-door sedan forms, plus a three-door station wagon called the Caravan or Voyage. These models were positioned between the existing Opel Kadett and the Opel Rekord.
The Ascona was developed as a replacement to the Kadett, but late in the car's development Opel chose to instead develop a new, smaller Kadett and instead positioned the Ascona as a competitor to the successful Ford mid-sized Taunus range. The Opel Ascona A stayed in production until 1975. By that time, almost 692,000 vehicles of the first series had been produced.
The range featured petrol engines from 1.2 L to 1.9 L, with power between 60 PS (44 kW) and 90 PS (66 kW). The 1.2 L had an overhead valve (OHV) head, while the 1.6 L and 1.9 L featured the Opel cam-in-head engine (CIH). The CIH was a compromise effort, with the camshaft mounted next to the valves rather than above them. All used a single barrel carburetor. Even with this simple design, the Ascona 1.9 SR had a successful career in motorsports, with Walter Röhrl winning the European Rally Championship in 1974. Tuner Steinmetz developed a special version of the Ascona SR, with two single-barrel Solex carburettors, lifting power to 125 PS (92 kW).
From 1971 to 1975, the 1.9-liter Ascona was exported to the United States as the "Opel 1900" and sold through Buick-Opel dealerships. All three body styles were offered at first, but the four-door sedan was dropped after 1973. In 1974, heavy rubber-clad impact bumpers were added in response to federal regulations. All Opels sold in the US in 1975 were equipped with Bosch L-Jetronic fuel injection, which was not available on the European versions. The fuel injection was added because of the stricter emissions requirements that were in force that year. The compression ratio was dropped to 7.6:1, enabling the car to run on 91-octane unleaded gasoline but also lowering maximum power to 75 hp (56 kW; 76 PS) at 4800 rpm.
Due to the unfavorable Deutsche Mark to US dollar exchange rate, after 1975, all Opels in Buick showrooms were replaced by Japanese-built Isuzu Gemini models wearing Opel badges.
|Also called||Chevrolet Ascona (South Africa)|
|Body and chassis|
|Body style||2/4-door saloon|
|Related|| Opel OSV 40 |
|Wheelbase||2,518 mm (99.1 in)|
|Length||4,321 mm (170.1 in)|
|Width||1,670 mm (66 in)|
|Height||1,380 mm (54 in)|
|Curb weight||1,050 kg (2,310 lb) (approx)|
The second generation Opel Ascona B was presented in August 1975 at the Frankfurt Motor Show. It was available as a two or four-door saloon. There were related two and three-door coupé models in the Opel Manta range. There was no estate ("Caravan") body available.
The Ascona B retained the same engine range as its predecessor, versions with higher compression ratio and needing 98 octane petrol, dubbed S, were available alongside the 90 octane models. The first change took place in January 1976, when laminated window glass became available as a no-cost option. The 1.9 L "S" cam-in-head engine was replaced by the modernised 2.0 L (20S) in September 1977. The 20N became available in January 1978, and all models now also received electric windscreen washers. A 2.0 L diesel motor was added to the Ascona B range in 1978, mostly targeted at the BeNeLux countries and Italy, where local tax structures provided an incentive for diesel-powered automobiles - in 1979, 97% of diesels were exported, while 59% of petrol powered cars went in the export.
By the end of 1978 the 1.6 S engine was discontinued in Germany (where it was replaced by the 19N, with the same power but lower fuel consumption), but continued to be available in some markets in a somewhat down-tuned version with 70 PS (51 kW). In January 1979 the street legal version of the Ascona 400 with 2.4-liter engine (16 valves, 144 PS) appeared, followed a month later by the more prosaic 1.3 liter OHC engine. This largely replaced the old 1.2 liter pushrod unit which dated back to 1962, but production continued in dwindling numbers into 1980 for some export markets.
In September 1979 the Ascona received a minor facelift, including plastic bumpers and a grey front grille with a larger mesh. The 2.0 E model with a Bosch L-Jetronic electronic fuel injection arrived in January 1980, after having been first installed in the Manta and Rekord models.In addition to a front spoiler, the 2.0 E equipped Ascona also received an upgraded clutch and transmission, differential, radiator, and other parts shared with the sporting Manta GT/E. In January 1981 the Ascona underwent its last changes, when adjustments made to the 16N and 20N engines. The 1.9 N and 2.0 N engines were discontinued in the German market, while the 1.6 N engine was now only available coupled with an automatic transmission.
Over 1.2 million Ascona B units were produced worldwide until August 1981. The two millionth Ascona was an Ascona B, built in April 1980, and the one millionth Ascona sold in Germany was registered in July of that same year.The related Manta coupé versions however, remained in production until 1988.
In the United Kingdom, the Vauxhall Cavalier badge was used on both saloon and coupé models from late 1975, which came out of the same factory in Belgium — the first Vauxhall to be built abroad. The front ends were different, featuring Vauxhall's trademark "droop snoot", as designed by Wayne Cherry.
In South Africa there was a locally assembled version called the Chevrolet Ascona, identical in many respects to the four-door Opel Ascona B. The Ascona came with a locally built 1.3 liter inline-four from the Vauxhall Viva. A preceding upmarket version with the Vauxhall Cavalier's longer front end was sold as the Chevrolet Chevair, equipped with bigger engines of Chevrolet origins. The Ascona was launched in July 1978, and replaced the Vauxhall-based Chevrolet 1300/1900-series. It was available in De Luxe or S trim, with the S receiving a sportier treatment with a three-spoke steering wheel, tartan seat inserts, and Rostyle rims.
First shown at Frankfurt in September 1979, the Ascona 400 was a homologation special sold only to make it eligible for rallying's Group 4 category.The Ascona 400s were built at General Motors' plant in Antwerp. The 1980 world champion Walter Röhrl took the rally car to victory and won the World Rally Championship drivers' title in the 1982 season.
The car was developed by Opel alongside the Manta B 400 model which consisted of the same changes. Irmscher and Cosworth were hired as partners for the project, Cosworth to deliver a 16 valve double cam crossflow head for the engine, and Irmscher for the exterior and interior styling. Cosworth delivered the heads to Opel and Opel soon discovered a major mistake. The plan was to use the 2.0 litre engine block but this did not produce enough power. Time was running out and Opel badly needed to do something. Opel took the 2.0E block, installed forged pistons, different connecting-rods, and forged crankshaft with 85mm stroke. The result was a 2.4 litre engine. The 2.4 litre engine gave rise to some massive power outputs using the 16 valve head. The street versions of the 400 therefore came with 144 hp (107 kW) engines, using the Bosch fuel injection of the Manta GSi and GT/E series. However, in race trim they were delivered putting out 230 hp (172 kW), which could be improved further to 340 hp (254 kW), while still using normally aspirated engine components.
Irmscher delivered the rally trim for the exterior. Large and widened wings, light weight hood, front wings, rear boot lid and doors were also installed.
By 1984, the Audi Quattro appeared more powerful than ever and the Ascona 400 was rendered obsolete. But the Ascona 400 still has some remarkable records. The Ascona 400 was the last rear wheel drive rally car to win the drivers' world championship, ensuring its place in motorsports history.
|1||30th International Swedish Rally||1980||Anders Kulläng||Bruno Berglund||Opel Ascona 400|
|2||50éme Rallye Automobile de Monte Carlo||1982||Walter Röhrl||Christian Geistdörfer||Opel Ascona 400|
|3||14ème Rallye Côte d'Ivoire||1982||Walter Röhrl||Christian Geistdörfer||Opel Ascona 400|
|4||31st Marlboro Safari Rally||1983||Ari Vatanen||Terry Harryman||Opel Ascona 400|
|Also called|| Chevrolet Monza (South America)|
Vauxhall Cavalier Mk II
|Production||1981–1988 1983-1996 (Brazil)|
|Body and chassis|
|Body style||2-door saloon |
|Platform||GM J platform|
|Related|| Buick Skyhawk |
|Transmission||4/5-speed manual |
|Wheelbase||2,574 mm (101.3 in)|
|Length||4,366 mm (171.9 in)(sedan)|
4,264 mm (167.9 in) (hatchback)
|Width||1,668 mm (65.7 in)|
|Height||1,395 mm (54.9 in) (sedan)|
1,385 mm (54.5 in) (hatchback)
|Curb weight||920–1,090 kg (2,028–2,403 lb)|
The Ascona C was launched in August 1981 as part of General Motors' J-car project. This was Opel's second front-wheel drive car since the introduction of the Kadett D in 1979. This car was manufactured in Rüsselsheim, Germany, Antwerp, Belgium, São Caetano do Sul, Brazil and Luton, England, and was sold in the UK under the name Vauxhall Cavalier and Chevrolet Monza in Latin America. The Cavalier Coupé was phased out, but the Opel Manta was retained in the UK (the last car to be badged as an Opel in the UK before the brand was phased out there in 1988). There were no longer sheet metal differences between Opel and Vauxhall models after 1982. The Ascona C won the "Goldenes Lenkrad" (Golden Steering Wheel) at the end of 1981 and was West Germany's biggest selling car. The new Ascona no longer had the sporty character of its predecessors, being a more unadulterated family car which was considerably more space-efficient than earlier models.
It was narrowly beaten to the European Car of the Year award by the Renault 9 in 1982. It took another 27 years before its successor model, the Opel Insignia, won the 2009 European Car of the Year award by only 1 point, from the Second placed Ford Fiesta. The Ascona C underwent two notable facelifts during its term of production.
The range added an option of a five-door fastback/hatchback Bodystyle, named CC in a few markets - short for "Combi Coupé." The hatchback model was shorter than the saloons, with a marginally smaller luggage compartment and 5 cm (2.0 in) less headspace in the backseat. All engines were now SOHC crossflow designs with a breakerless ignition system and hydraulic tappets. The base model was the 1.3 L introduced in 1978 in the Ascona B, with 60 PS (44 kW), followed by a 1.6 L with 75 PS (55 kW). "S" versions with higher compression ratio had power increased by as much as twenty per cent. The top of the line was the sporty GTE model, with electronic fuel injection, pushing power to 130 PS (96 kW) in the last two model years. Diesel power came from an Isuzu-developed block, with 1.6 litres. Catalytic converters were optional in the larger petrol units starting from 1986.
The Ascona C was also assembled in South Africa, where it was sold by GM South Africa, replacing the Chevrolet Ascona which was based on the Ascona B. It was dropped in 1986 and replaced by a sedan version of the Kadett E called the Opel Monza.
As before, there was no estate car version of the Ascona, although Vauxhall in the UK brought in the rear ends of the Holden Camira wagon (estate car) and adapted them to the Cavalier.Opel continued to use the Ascona nameplate until the Vectra was launched in 1988, while the Cavalier name was retained by Vauxhall until 1995.
The following versions of the Ascona C were available, all with inline fours. Data is for the German market. There were certain differences in various export market models:
|Engine||Cat.||Power||Torque||Transmission||Top speed||Fueltype||Equipment levels||Years|
|PS||kW||hp||@ rpm||N·m||lb·ft||@ rpm||km/h||mph||before facelift||after facelift|
|1.3S||1297 cc||–||75||55||74||5800||101||74||3800–4600||4MT, 3AT||160||99||super||Std/J/Luxus/Berlina||LS/GL/GLS||81–86|
|1.6N||1598 cc||–||75||55||74||5600||123||91||3000–4000||4/5MT, 3AT||160||99||normal||Std/J/Luxus/Berlina||LS/GL/Touring/GLS||81–88|
|1.6E||1598 cc||●||75||55||74||5200||121||89||3400||4/5MT, 3AT||160||99||unleaded||—||LS/GL/Touring/GLS||86–88|
|1.6S||1598 cc||–||90||66||89||5800||126||93||3800–4200||4/5MT, 3AT||170||106||super||Std/J/Luxus/Berl./SR||LS/GL/GLS/GT/CD||81–86|
|1.8N||1796 cc||–||84||62||83||5400||143||105||2600||4/5MT, 3AT||168||104||normal||—||LS/GL/Touring/GLS/GT||87–88|
|1.8E||1796 cc||–||115||85||113||5800||151||111||4800||5MT, 3AT||187||116||super||Luxus/Berl./SRE/CD||GL/Touring/GLS/GT/CD||82–86|
|2.0E||1998 cc||–||115||85||113||5800||175||129||3000||5MT, 3AT||187||116||super||—||GL/Touring/GLS/GT||86–87|
|1.6D||1598 cc||–||54||40||53||4600||96||71||2400||4/5MT, 3AT||143||89||diesel||Std/J/Luxus/Berl./CD||LS/GL/Touring/GLS/CD||82–88|
In Brazil, the Ascona C was sold from May 1982 until 1996 as the Chevrolet Monza.Chevrolet did not use the Ascona brand because the Spanish and Portuguese word "asco" means "disgust, repugnance".
It was originally only available as a three-door hatchback, a body style unique to Latin America.However, two and four-door sedans appeared in March 1983. GM do Brasil also considered offering the Monza as a station wagon, and produced two full-size clay models, one with five doors and one with three doors, with a similar rear to the Holden Camira in Australia, which was also used as the basis of the Vauxhall Cavalier in the UK, but it never entered into production. However, Envemo began converting the four-door Monza sedan into a station wagon called the Camping, although it retained the rear doors and taillights of the sedan. Envemo also converted the two-door Monza sedan into a convertible. In 1989 the slow-selling liftback was discontinued, leaving only the two- and four-door three-box sedans.
Originally it was available with either a 1.6 or a 1.8 engine with 75 or 84 PS (55 or 62 kW). These were changed to more powerful 1.8 and 2.0s in 1986.
The Monza received a number of facelifts, the last one bringing its looks in line with those of current European GM products, with new fenders front and rear to accommodate new head and taillights. Diesel versions were available for export markets, most notably Uruguay and Argentina, powered by Isuzu's 4EC1 engine.[ citation needed ]
In Colombia the sedan version was sold from 1987 to 1992 as the Monza Classic, two versions were available: a five-speed manual 'Sport', and a DeLuxe equipped with a four-speed automatic transmission assembled by GM-Colmotores.In Venezuela it was assembled and sold from 1985 to 1990. Originally it was equipped with a carburetted 1.8-litre engine, but this was later replaced with a fuel-injected 2-litre unit.
The Vauxhall Chevette supermini or compact car was manufactured by Vauxhall in the United Kingdom from 1975 to 1984. It was Vauxhall's version of the "T-Car" small-car family from Vauxhall's parent General Motors (GM), and based primarily on the Opel Kadett C. The family also included the Isuzu Gemini in Japan, the Holden Gemini in Australia, the Chevrolet Chevette in the United States, Canada, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador and Argentina, and in the U.S. and Canada it was also rebadged as the Pontiac Acadian/Pontiac T1000.
The Opel Astra is a compact car/small family car engineered and manufactured by the German automaker Opel since 1991, currently at its fifth generation. It was launched in September 1991 in hatchback form, followed by a coupé in 2004, a station wagon known as the Astra Caravan and later as the Astra Sports Tourer, from 2009 onwards, a sedan delivery or a panel van in 2004, a coupé cabriolet in 1998, and a racing car version in 2005.
The Opel Vectra is a mid-size car that was engineered and produced by the German automaker Opel from 1988 until 2008. The Vectra was also sold by the Vauxhall marque in the United Kingdom as the Vauxhall Cavalier from 1988 to 1995 and as the Vauxhall Vectra from 1995 to 2008, and it was also sold by Holden in Australia as the Holden Vectra, and by Chevrolet in Latin America as the Chevrolet Vectra.
The Vauxhall Cavalier was a large family car that was sold primarily in the UK by Vauxhall from 1975 to 1995. It was based on a succession of Opel designs throughout its production life, during which it was built in three incarnations. The first generation of Cavalier, launched in 1975 and produced until 1981, was based on the existing Opel Ascona and Opel Manta with a few minor visual differences.
The Opel Kadett is a small family car produced by the German automobile manufacturer Opel from 1936 until 1940 and then from 1962 until 1991, when it was succeeded by the Opel Astra.
The Chevrolet Chevette is a front-engine, rear-drive subcompact manufactured and marketed by Chevrolet for model years 1976-1987 as a three-door or five-door hatchback. Introduced in September 1975, the Chevette superseded the Vega as Chevrolet's entry-level subcompact, and sold 2.8 million units over 12 years. The Chevette was the best-selling small car in the U.S. for model years 1979 and 1980.
The Chevrolet Cavalier is a line of small cars produced for the model years 1982 through 2005 by Chevrolet, and then later reintroduced in 2016 for the Chinese Market. As a rebadged variant of General Motors' J-cars, the Cavalier was manufactured alongside the Cadillac Cimarron, Buick Skyhawk, Oldsmobile Firenza, and Pontiac J2000/2000/Sunbird at GM's South Gate Assembly and Janesville Assembly plants, achieving its highest sales in 1984.
The Opel Senator is a executive car (E-segment) produced by the German automaker Opel, two generations of which were sold in Europe from 1978 until 1993. A saloon, its first incarnation was also available with a fastback coupé body as the Opel Monza and Vauxhall Royale Coupé.
The Opel Monza is an executive fastback coupe produced by the German automaker Opel from 1978 to 1986. It was marketed in the United Kingdom as the Vauxhall Royale Coupé by Vauxhall.
The Opel Rekord was an executive car which was built in eight generations by the German car manufacturer Opel. Between 1953 and 1986, approximately ten million were sold.
The Opel Commodore was an executive car (E-segment) produced by Opel from 1967 to 1982. It is the six-cylinder variant of the Rekord with styling differences. The Commodore nameplate was used by Opel from 1967 to 1982. However, its nameplate/lineage continued until 2020 with the Australian Holden Commodore. The last generation was sold in the United Kingdom primarily as the Vauxhall Viceroy although Opel models were also sold.
The Opel OHV family is a pushrod inline-four engine. It was the first all-new engine developed by Opel of Germany after World War II and was released in 1962. Versions were in use through 1993.
The Opel Olympia is a compact car produced by the German automaker Opel from 1935 to 1940, from 1947 to 1953 and again from 1967 to 1970.
The Opel Manta is a rear-wheel-drive sports coupé built by German manufacturer Opel in two generations from 1970 to 1988. The Manta was a mildly sporting coupé based on the Ascona family car, akin to the Ford Falcon-based Mustang and its various imitators such as the Ford Capri. The Manta remained rear-wheel drive for both generations and also saw certain competition success.
The Opel Kadett C is a small family car which was produced by the German automobile manufacturer Opel from 1973 to 1979. The Kadett C, which was the third generation of the Opel Kadett, was released in August 1973, and was Opel's version of the General Motors' "T-Car". It was the last small Opel to feature rear-wheel drive, and remained in production at Opel's Bochum plant until July 1979, by which time Opel had produced 1,701,076. Of these, 52% had been exported outside West Germany, most of them to markets in other parts of western Europe. In other world markets however, various badge engineered versions of the Kadett C remained in production as late as the mid 1990s under other GM brand names.
The Opel Corsa is a supermini car engineered and produced by the German automobile manufacturer Opel since 1982. It has been sold under a variety of other brands and also spawned various other derivatives.
The Opel Rekord Series E is an executive car that replaced the Rekord D on Opel's Rüsselsheim production lines in August 1977, following the end of the summer vacation plant shut-down. It shared its wheelbase and inherited most of its engines from its predecessor, but the bodies were completely new.
The Opel cam-in-head engine (CIH) is a family of automobile engines built by former General Motors subsidiary Opel from 1965 until 1998. Both four- and six-cylinder inline configurations were produced. The name derives from the location of the camshaft, which was neither cam-in-block nor a true overhead camshaft. In the CIH engine the camshaft is located in the cylinder head but sits alongside the valves rather than above them. The overhead valves are actuated through very short tappets and rocker arms. The four-cylinder CIH was largely supplanted by the Family II unit as Opel/Vauxhall's core mid-size engine in the 1980s. A four-cylinder version of the CIH remained in limited production until 1998, and six-cylinder versions of the CIH until 1995.
The Opel Kadett was reintroduced by Opel in 1962, with deliveries beginning on 2 October, a little more than 22 years after the original model was discontinued in May 1940. Like the original Kadett, the new car was a small family car, although it was now available in 2-door saloon, 3-door Car-A-Van (estate) and coupé versions.
The Opel Kadett B is a car that was launched by Opel at the Frankfurt Motor Show in late summer 1965. The Kadett B was larger all-round than the Kadett A: 5% longer both overall and in terms of the wheelbase, 7% wider and 9% heavier, albeit 10 mm (0.39 in) lower in basic standard "Limousine" (sedan/saloon) form. Production ended in July 1973, with the successor model introduced a month later following the summer shut-down, in August.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Opel Ascona .|
|City car||Agila A||Agila B||Karl|
|Supermini||Corsa A||Corsa B||Corsa C||Corsa D||Corsa E||Corsa F|
|Small family car||Ampera|
|Kadett D||Kadett E/Belmont||Astra F||Astra G||Astra H||Astra J||Astra K|
|Large family car||Ascona B||Ascona C||Vectra A||Vectra B||Vectra C / Signum||Insignia A||Insignia B|
|Executive car||Rekord E / Commodore C||Omega A||Omega B1||Omega B2||VXR8|
|Luxury car||Senator A||Senator B|
|Convertible||Tigra TwinTop B||Cascada|
|Mini MPV||Meriva A|
|Compact MPV||Meriva B|
|Zafira A||Zafira B|
|Large MPV||Sintra||Zafira Tourer C|
|Mini SUV||Mokka A||Mokka B|
|Compact SUV||Frontera A||Frontera B||Antara||Grandland|
|LAV||Kadett Combo||Combo B||Combo C||Combo D||Combo E|
|LCV||Bedford Blitz||Arena||Vivaro A||Vivaro B||Vivaro C|
|Movano A||Movano B|
|City car||Hatch||Spark II (Lite)|
|Spark III (GT)|
|Chevette Hatch||Corsa I||Corsa II||Onix I / Joy|
|Aveo I||Aveo II / Sonic|
|Sedan||Corsa Sedan I / Classic I||Classic IF|
|Sail II||Sail III|
|Corsa Sedan II||Prisma II / Joy Plus|
|Tracker I / Grand Vitara||Groove|
|Tracker II||Tracker III|
|Compact car||Hatch||Astra F||Astra G|
|Kadett||Vectra GT / Astra H||Cruze Sport6 I||Cruze Sport6 II|
|Sedan||Astra Sedan G|
|Vectra / Astra Sedan H||Cruze I||Cruze II|
|Astra Wagon F|
|Captiva Sport||Captiva II|
| Mid-size /|
Large family car
|Sedan||Monza||Vectra A||Vectra B||Malibu VII||Malibu VIII|
|Vectra C CH||Vectra D CH|
| Full-size /|
|Sedan||Opala||Omega A||Omega B||Omega C||Omega C|
|Coupé||Opala Coupé||Calibra||Tigra||Camaro V||Camaro VI|
| SUV /|
| Mini /|
|Chevy 500||Corsa Pick-up||Montana I||Montana II|
|S-10 I||S-10 II|
|Full-size||Veraneio I||Veraneio II||Grand Blazer|
|LCV||Trafic / SpaceVan|