D-segment

Last updated
2020 Best-Selling
BMW G20 IMG 0167.jpg
BMW 3 7th generation (2018–present)
2017 Volkswagen Passat SE Business TDi BM 2.0.jpg
Volkswagen Passat 8th generation (2015–present)
2019 Tesla Model 3 Performance AWD Front.jpg
Tesla Model 3 1st generation (2018–present)
2014 Mercedes-Benz C200 SE Executive Automatic 2.0 Front.jpg
Mercedes-Benz C-Class 4th generation (2014–2021)

The D-segment is the 4th category of the European segments for passenger cars, and is described as "large cars". [1] [2]

Contents

It is equivalent to the Euro NCAP "large family car" size class, [3] and the present-day definition of the mid-size car and muscle car category used in North America. [4] [5] Compact executive cars are part of the D-segment size category.

D-segment sales represent approx. 7% of the market in 2010s. [6] [7]

Characteristics

Most D-segment cars are sedans/saloons or wagons/estates but hatchbacks, and coupe were common.

Pricing and specification of D-segment cars can vary greatly, from basic low-cost transport to more luxurious and expensive models.

Current models

In 2020 the fifteen highest selling D-segment cars in Europe were the BMW 3 Series, Volkswagen Passat, Tesla Model 3, Mercedes-Benz C-Class, Audi A4/S4/RS4, Škoda Superb, Volvo S60/V60, Peugeot 508, Audi A5/S5/RS5, Ford Mondeo, Opel/Vauxhall Insignia, BMW 4 Series, Volkswagen Arteon, Toyota Camry and Polestar 2. [8]

100.000 – 200.000 sales(Best-Selling)

50.000 – 100.000 sales

10.000 – 50.000 sales

Less than 10.000 sales

Sales figures in Europe

2020
rank
BrandModel2014201520162017201820192020 % change
(2019–2020)
1 BMW 3 Series 168,275143,023144,561129,053106,991124,537118,369Decrease2.svg –5%
2 Volkswagen Passat 153,677226,127206,813183,288154,074124,650115,363Decrease2.svg –7%
3 Tesla Model 3 95,16885,979Decrease2.svg –10%
4 Mercedes-Benz C-Class 136,474173,011176,038176,915150,995143,29381,909Decrease2.svg –43%
5 Audi A4/S4/RS4 124,170124,466162,655146,006112,484102,99477,515Decrease2.svg –25%
6 Škoda Superb 46,14950,53385,87981,41074,69767,48859,925Decrease2.svg –11%
7 Volvo S60/V60 54,66354,35453,26845,33546,94565,91758,003Decrease2.svg –12%
8 Peugeot 508 41,79743,30137,10422,84213,37841,32929,011Decrease2.svg –30%
9 Audi A5/S5/RS5 47,59145,20243,68661,61949,79941,81228,525Decrease2.svg –32%
10 Ford Mondeo 45,40579,67370,90056,17349,59639,55521,222Decrease2.svg –46%
11 Opel/Vauxhall Insignia 92,69488,54473,16172,34767,42445,92521,133Decrease2.svg –54%
12 BMW 4 Series 53,94872,76967,98364,71052,24835,90818,139Decrease2.svg –49%
13 Volkswagen Arteon 09,79821,49519,04813,582Decrease2.svg –29%
14 Toyota Camry 07,6409,119Increase2.svg +19%
15 Polestar Polestar 2 08,746New
16 Renault Talisman 1,82434,34432,16319,78416,4058,025Decrease2.svg –51%
17 Alfa Romeo Giulia 010,47524,67917,07510,9327,436Decrease2.svg –32%
18 Mazda Mazda6 31,03230,51929,22623,09023,09022,0486,950Decrease2.svg –68%
19 Kia Optima 3,4093,2639,51516,15214,40412,2026,086Decrease2.svg –50%
20 Subaru Legacy/Outback 6,41510,8068,2427,0167,4607,5043,844Decrease2.svg –49%
21 Jaguar XE 016,53524,46118,99910,8777,9783,780Decrease2.svg –53%
22 Lexus IS 9,6107,7296,2345,6495,4133,2821,855Decrease2.svg –43%
23 Kia Stinger 01,1433,8203,6001,387Decrease2.svg –61%
24 Subaru Levorg 2,4374,6892,8651,7481,395825Decrease2.svg –41%
25 Lexus RC 305261,8151,3901,3341,082710Decrease2.svg –34%
26 Hyundai i40 25,01625,04520,25315,2519,1443,445305Decrease2.svg –91%
27 Infiniti Q50 2,4263,0202,6981,7771,47156371Decrease2.svg –87%
28 Infiniti Q60 99507368831Decrease2.svg –99%
29 Toyota Avensis 28,97233,19734,99825,31917,2778970Decrease2.svg –100%
30 Citroën DS5 12,56911,8889,1305,7382,7201450Decrease2.svg –100%
31 Citroën C5 18,06413,4809,4644,93915140Decrease2.svg –100%
Volkswagen CC 16,06410,2156,750712424replaced by Arteon
Honda Accord 3,4991,918491621
Mainstream527,783619,474625,185542,947450,035--
Premium613,234662,738709,754694,030584,091--
Segment total1,046,829787,815Decrease2.svg -25%
Source [9] [10] [11] [12] [13] [14] [15] [16] [17] [18] [19] [20]

Notes:

Jump in segment total sales after 2019. year is because premium cars are included.

From 2014-2018 premium cars are not included in total segment sales.

Premium brands and models are marked italic.

Electric cars are included in D-segment from 2019. year.

Market share in Europe

2019 - After years of decline, the midsized car segment is actually up 1% in 2019 to 1.05 million sales, maintaining a 6.7% share of the overall car market. However, if it wasn’t for the thunderous arrival of the Tesla Model 3, the class would be down another 8% again this year. [21]

2020 - The midsized car segment is down 25% in 2020 to just under 790,000 sales, as its share of the European car market drops to 6.6%, slightly down from 6.7% last year. And luxury brands have now officially taken over control of this class, improving their share to 62.3% from 60.5% last year and claiming four of the top-5 positions. The top-3 players all gain share, outperforming not only the class but also the overall market. [22]

Historic models

Note: this list includes cars from these decades which carried a different nameplate or numeric designation to the modern day equivalent, and in some cases there is no modern day direct equivalent

1960s

1970s

1980s

1990s

2000s

2010s

2020s

See also

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B-segment Car size classification in Europe

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E-segment Car size classification in Europe

The E-segment is the 5th category of the European segments for passenger cars, synonymous with the term executive car.

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S-segment Car size classification in Europe

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References

  1. "Regulation (EEC) No 4064/89 - Merger Procedure" (PDF). www.europa.eu. exact market definition was left open .. boundaries between segments are blurred by factors other than the size or length of cars
  2. "Impact on the Competitiveness of the European Automotive Industry of Potential FTA with India and ASEAN" (PDF). www.europa.eu. p. 8. Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 April 2013.
  3. "Latest Safety Ratings". www.euroncap.com. Retrieved 8 January 2019.
  4. "2019 Nissan Altima Proves Midsize Sedans Aren't Dead Yet". www.wardsauto.com. 8 October 2018. Retrieved 26 January 2019.
  5. "America's D-Segment Flab". www.thetruthaboutcars.com. 9 October 2008. Retrieved 26 January 2019.
  6. "European sales 2019 Midsized cars". www.carsalesbase.com. March 2021. Retrieved 21 March 2021.
  7. "European sales 2020 Midsized cars". www.carsalesbase.com. March 2021. Retrieved 21 March 2021.
  8. "European sales 2020 Midsized cars". www.carsalesbase.com. March 2021. Retrieved 21 March 2021.
  9. "European sales 2014 Midsize segment". www.carsalesbase.com. March 2021. Retrieved 21 March 2021.
  10. "European sales 2014 Premium Midsize segment". www.carsalesbase.com. March 2021. Retrieved 21 March 2021.
  11. "European sales 2015 Midsize segment". www.carsalesbase.com. March 2021. Retrieved 21 March 2021.
  12. "European sales 2015 Premium Midsize segment". www.carsalesbase.com. March 2021. Retrieved 21 March 2021.
  13. "European sales 2016 Midsized car segment". www.carsalesbase.com. March 2021. Retrieved 21 March 2021.
  14. "European sales 2016 Premium Midsize segment". www.carsalesbase.com. March 2021. Retrieved 21 March 2021.
  15. "European sales 2017 Midsized car segment". www.carsalesbase.com. March 2021. Retrieved 21 March 2021.
  16. "European sales 2017 Premium Midsize segment". www.carsalesbase.com. March 2021. Retrieved 21 March 2021.
  17. "European sales 2018 Midsized car segment". www.carsalesbase.com. March 2021. Retrieved 21 March 2021.
  18. "European sales 2018 Premium Midsize segment". www.carsalesbase.com. March 2021. Retrieved 21 March 2021.
  19. "European sales 2019 Midsized cars". www.carsalesbase.com. March 2021. Retrieved 21 March 2021.
  20. "European sales 2020 Midsized cars". www.carsalesbase.com. March 2021. Retrieved 21 March 2021.
  21. "European sales 2019 Midsized cars". www.carsalesbase.com. March 2021. Retrieved 21 March 2021.
  22. "European sales 2020 Midsized cars". www.carsalesbase.com. March 2021. Retrieved 21 March 2021.