Cabrio coach

Last updated
A Ford Eifel cabrio coach. Ford Eifel blau 2.JPG
A Ford Eifel cabrio coach.
A modern example, a Fiat 500 (2007). Fiat 500C 1.2 8V Lounge - Heckansicht, 16. April 2011, Dusseldorf.jpg
A modern example, a Fiat 500 (2007).

A cabrio coach or semi-convertible is a type of car that has a retractable textile roof, similar to a convertible/cabriolet. The difference is that where a convertible often has the B-pillar, C-pillar and other bodywork removed, the cabrio-coach retains all bodywork to the top of the door frames and just replaces the roof skin with a retractable fabric panel.

An advantage of a cabrio-coach is that retaining more of the car's original structure means that structural rigidity is higher (or the vehicle weight is lower) than traditional cabriolets. [1]

If a vehicle's roof includes metal panels as well as the soft-top, it may be considered to be a fixed-roof vehicle with a sunroof, instead of being a cabrio-coach. [2]


This type of roof was popular in Germany in the 1930s, and was found on cars such as the Mercedes-Benz Ponton, Saab 92, Citroën 2CV, [3] [4] Fiat 500, GAZ-M20 Pobeda and the Fuldamobil. It is often called a "Webasto" since the German company of that name has been the main supplier for both factory built and aftermarket cloth car roofs since that time.[ citation needed ]

A variant in which the original sedan's fixed rear glass window was retained first appeared in the 1930s, and had the advantage that it could be more easily retrofitted to an existing car; it was a factory option (although listed as a separate model) for the Volkswagen Beetle up to 1963.

Some more modern cars also feature this roof style, for instance BMW Compact, Volkswagen Polo, Nissan Figaro, Isuzu Amigo, Fiat 500 (2007), [5] [6] Citroën C3 Plurial and Suzuki Vitara. [7]

Related Research Articles

Volkswagen Beetle Car model

The Volkswagen Beetle—officially the Volkswagen Type 1, informally in German the Käfer, in parts of the English-speaking world the Bug, and known by many other nicknames in other languages—is a two-door, rear-engine economy car, intended for five occupants, that was manufactured and marketed by German automaker Volkswagen (VW) from 1938 until 2003.

Convertible Vehicle with a removable roof

A convertible or cabriolet is a passenger car that can be driven with or without a roof in place. The methods of retracting and storing the roof vary between models. A convertible allows an open-air driving experience, with the ability to provide a roof when required. Potential drawbacks of convertibles are reduced structural rigidity and cargo space.

Gruppo Bertone

Gruppo Bertone, commonly known simply as Bertone, was an Italian automobile company, which specialized in car styling, coachbuilding and manufacturing. Bertone styling is distinctive, with most cars having a strong "family resemblance" even if they are badged by different manufacturers. Bertone has styled cars for Abarth, Alfa Romeo, Aston Martin, Citroën, Ferrari, FIAT, Iso, Lancia, Lamborghini, Mercedes-Benz, Opel and Volvo, among others. In addition, the Bertone studio was responsible for two of the later designs of the Lambretta motorscooter. In the late 1980s, Bertone styled the K20 motorcycle helmet for Swiss bicycle and motorcycle helmet manufacturer Kiwi.


Wilhelm Karmann GmbH, commonly known as simply Karmann, was a German automobile manufacturer and contract manufacturer based in Osnabrück.

There are many types of car body styles. They vary depending on intended use, market position, location and the era they were made in.

Targa top

Targa top, or targa for short, is a semi-convertible car body style with a removable roof section and a full width roll bar behind the seats. The term was first used on the 1966 Porsche 911 Targa, and it remains a registered trademark of Porsche AG.

Crossover (automobile)

A crossover, crossover SUV, or crossover utility vehicle (CUV) is a type of sport utility vehicle-like vehicle built with unibody frame construction. Crossovers are often based on a platform shared with a passenger car, as opposed to a platform shared with a pickup truck. Because of that, crossovers may also be referred as "car-based SUVs". Compared to truck-based SUVs, they typically have better interior comfort, a more comfortable ride, superior fuel economy, and lower manufacturing costs, but also inferior off-road and towing capability. Forerunners of the modern crossover include the 1977 Matra Rancho and the AMC Eagle introduced in 1979.

Nissan Figaro Motor vehicle

The Nissan Figaro is a front-engine, front-wheel drive, two-door, 2+2, fixed-profile convertible manufactured by Nissan for model year 1991, and marketed in Japan at Nissan Cherry Stores.

Geneva Motor Show Annual Swiss auto show

The Geneva International Motor Show is an annual auto show held in March in the Swiss city of Geneva. The show is hosted at the Palexpo, a convention centre located next to the Geneva Cointrin International Airport. The Salon is organised by the Organisation Internationale des Constructeurs d'Automobiles, and is considered an important major international auto show.

Citroën Méhari Motor vehicle

The Citroën Méhari is a lightweight utilitarian and recreational vehicle manufactured and marketed by Citroën over 18 years in a single generation in two-wheel (1968-1988) and four-wheel drive (1980-1983) variations — noted for its doorless ABS plastic bodywork and foldable, stowable, fabric convertible top.

International Motor Show Germany Annual German motor show

The International MobilityShow Germany or simply International Mobilty Show, in German known as the Internationale Automobil-Ausstellung, is the world's largest mobility show. It is held annually, with mobility solutions being displayed as the IAA Mobility Show in odd-numbered years in Munich, and IAA Transportation for commercial vehicles in even-numbered years in Hanover, Germany. Before 1991, the show was held solely in Frankfurt.

LA Auto Show Annual US auto show

The Los Angeles Auto Show is an annual auto show held at the Los Angeles Convention Center in early December. The LA Auto Show is an OICA sanctioned international exhibition and also endorsed by the Greater Los Angeles New Car Dealers Association. It is open to the public for ten days each year, filling 760,000 square feet (71,000 m2) of exhibit space.

Citroën Type C 5HP Motor vehicle

The Citroën Type C was a light car made by the French Citroën car company between 1922 and 1926 with almost 83,000 units being made. Known as Citroën 5HP or 5CV in France and 7.5HP in Britain, it was the second model of automobile designed and marketed by André Citroën, between 1922 and 1926. It followed the 10HP "Type A " which was replaced by the 10HP "B2" ; they were the first European mass-produced cars.

Volkswagen Golf Mk1 Motor vehicle

The Volkswagen Golf Mk1 is the first generation of a small family car manufactured and marketed by Volkswagen. It was noteworthy for signalling Volkswagen's shift of its major car lines from rear-wheel drive and rear-mounted air-cooled engines to front-wheel drive with front-mounted, water-cooled engines that were often transversely-mounted.

Moretti Motor Company

Moretti S.p.A. is a former Italian automobile manufacturer. It was founded in 1925 and ceased automobile production in December 1989. Today, many of its sports car models can still be found at various European auto shows. Moretti Motors produced a variety of models at various times including motorcycles, microcars, and several commercial vehicles.

DS 3 Motor vehicle

The DS 3, known as the Citroën DS3 until 2016, is a discontinued supermini car, produced by the French manufacturer Citroën from 2009 to 2019 and officially launched in January 2010. This was the first car in the new DS range from Citroën. Its design was inspired by the concept car Citroën DS Inside.

A retro style automobile is a vehicle that is styled to appear like cars from previous decades. Often these cars use modern technology and production techniques.

Volkswagen T-Roc Motor vehicle

The Volkswagen T-Roc is a subcompact crossover SUV (B-segment) manufactured by German automaker Volkswagen. It is based on the Volkswagen Group MQB A1 platform, and generally has been considered as the SUV equivalent of the Golf. The T-Roc sits below the Tiguan and above the slightly smaller T-Cross. The T-Roc made its worldwide debut on 23 August 2017 as Volkswagen's fourth SUV in the European market.

Fiat Pininfarina Cabriolet Motor vehicle

The Fiat Pininfarina Cabriolet was a two-door, two passenger, front engine rear drive convertible manufactured by Pininfarina, and marketed by Fiat across two generations, superseding the Fiat 1200 Spyder.


  1. "The Semi-Convertible or Cabrio Coach: It's About Being Chic and Strong at the Same Time". Retrieved 5 April 2018.
  2. "1963 Ragtop VW Beetle". Retrieved 5 April 2018.
  3. "Citroen does the Charleston in Paris with special C3 Pluriel". Retrieved 5 April 2018.
  4. "1981 Citroen 2CV 6 Cabriolet/Convertible". Retrieved 5 April 2018.
  5. "First Drive: 2012 Fiat 500 Cabrio". Retrieved 5 April 2018.
  6. "2015 Fiat 500c Lounge Cabrio review". Retrieved 5 April 2018.
  7. "Suzuki Vitara Cabrio specs". Retrieved 5 April 2018.