The A-segment is the 1st category in the passenger car classification system defined by the European Commission. It is used for city cars, the smallest category of passenger cars defined.
A-segment sales represent approx. 7-8% of the market in 2010s.
As of 2021 A-segment category size span from approx. 2.7m to 3.7m (photo comparison of new city cars of all brands sorted by length):
Body styles for A-segment cars in Europe are always hatchbacks. But as crossovers gain popularity, new models may shift to look like mild crossover vehicles - the 2021 Toyota Aygo X Prologue concept being an example of such a vehicle. Other body styles such as sedans are not present in this segment because these shapes largely prove impractical at typical A-segment dimensions.
As of 2017, 2018, 2019 and 2020, A-segment sales account for 8.1%, 8%, 7.7% and 6.8% market share in Europe respectively.
In 2020 the ten highest selling A-segment cars in Europe were Fiat Panda, Fiat 500, Toyota Aygo, Renault Twingo, Volkswagen Up!, Hyundai i10, Kia Picanto, Peugeot 108, Citroën C1 and Suzuki Ignis.
100.000 - 200.000 sales(Best-Selling)
50.000 - 100.000 sales
10.000 - 50.000 sales
|Brand||Model||2013||2014||2015||2016||2017||2018||2019||2020||% change |
2019 - In 2019, sales of minicars were down 2% compared to a total market gain of 1% which means this segment now makes up 7.7% of the total European car market at 1.21 million sales, down from 8% in 2018. And with margins on minicars under pressure due to increased costs to comply with stricter safety and emissions standards, manufacturers are scaling back investments in to minicars or switching to an EV-only strategy.
In Italy, A-segment cars represented 16.4% of car sales in the first half of 2019.
2020 - European sales of minicars were down by a third in 2020, which translates to nearly 400,000 fewer sales and means the segment loses market share as the overall market is down 24%. As a result, this segment now makes up 6.8% of the total European car market, down from 7.7% last year. And their share is expected to shrink further in coming years, as manufacturers are pulling out of this segment or switching their models to EV-only. This is a result of increasing costs to comply with stricter safety and especially emissions standards, which makes minicars nearly unprofitable, especially considering that for most models from European brands this is the only market.
In the United States, minicar segment cars represented 0.5% of the market share.
In 2020 the highest selling minicar segment cars in the U.S. were the Chevrolet Spark, Mitsubishi Mirage and Mini Cooper.
In India, historically the A-segment cars had the highest sales. Sales have been in decline in recent years,falling from 70,000 sales per month in 2014 to 47,000 sales per month in 2016.
As of 2019, several A-segment cars had successes outside Europe, such as Hyundai Grand i10, Honda Brio, Kia Picanto, Suzuki Celerio (also sold under Maruti brand), Ford Figo, smart fortwo, Citroën C1, Peugeot 108, and modern Fiat 500.
The Peugeot 206 is a B-segment supermini car developed and produced by the French car manufacturer Peugeot since May 1998 as a replacement to the Peugeot 205. Developed under the codename T1, it was released in September 1998 in hatchback form, which was followed by a coupé cabriolet in September 2000 for the 2001 model year, a station wagon in September 2001 for the 2002 model year, and a sedan version in September 2005 for the 2006 model year.
The Peugeot 107 is a city car produced by French automaker Peugeot, launched in June 2005, and produced through 2014.
The Citroën C1 is a city car produced by the French manufacturer Citroën since June 2005. The C1 was developed as part of the B-Zero project by PSA Peugeot Citroën in a joint venture with Toyota.
The PSA Group, legally known as Peugeot S.A., was a French multinational automotive manufacturing company which produced automobiles and motorcycles under the Peugeot, Citroën, DS, Opel and Vauxhall brands. On 18 December 2019, PSA and Fiat Chrysler Automobiles announced that they had agreed to the terms of a binding $50 billion merger, which as of mid-2020 was pending approval by European competition regulators. On 16 July 2020, both companies announced its new name for their merged operations, Stellantis. The name Stellantis is derived from the Latin verb "stello" which means "to brighten with stars". The deal was closed on 16 January 2021.
The Fiat Ducato is a light commercial vehicle officially developed by Stellantis and produced since 1981. It was also sold as the Citroën C25, Peugeot J5, Alfa Romeo AR6 and Talbot Express for the first generation, while the second and third generations are marketed as the Fiat Ducato, Citroën Jumper, and Peugeot Boxer. It entered the Canada and United States markets as the Ram ProMaster for the 2014 model year.
The Citroën Jumpy is a light commercial van originally developed by the Sevel subdivision of Stellantis under the Fiat, Peugeot and Citroën brands, produced since 1994. The Jumpy was also sold as the Peugeot Expert and Fiat Scudo beginning in 1995.
The Toyota Aygo is a city car sold by Toyota in Europe since 2005. It is built alongside the related Citroën C1 and Peugeot 107/108 at the Toyota Peugeot Citroën Automobile Czech (TPCA) joint venture in Kolín, Czech Republic. The Aygo was first displayed at the 2005 Salon de l'Automobile de Genève. The name "Aygo" comes from "i-go", symbolising freedom and mobility.
Toyota Motor Manufacturing Czech Republic s.r.o., also known by its initials TMMCZ, is a Czech automobile manufacturer headquartered in Kolín, Czech Republic. It was originally established in 2002 by the Toyota Motor Corporation and the PSA Group as a 50:50 joint venture, and was formerly known as Toyota Peugeot Citroën Automobile Czech s.r.o. (TPCA) until 2021. On 1 January 2021, two years after announcement of the end of the joint venture in Europe, Toyota took over the full ownership and was renamed from TPCA to "Toyota Motor Manufacturing Czech Republic s.r.o." of which it remains a wholly owned subsidiary.
The Fiat Fiorino is a small commercial vehicle produced by the Italian car manufacturer Fiat since 1977. Its first two generations have been the panel van derivatives of other small models, such as the Fiat 127 and Fiat Uno, while the current third generation was developed jointly with PSA Peugeot Citroën, and is based on the Fiat Small platform.
Mini MPV— an abbreviation for mini multi-purpose vehicle— is a vehicle size class for the smallest size of minivans/MPVs. The mini MPV size class sits below the compact MPV size class and the vehicles are often built on the platforms of B-segment hatchback models. By the European definition, the mini MPV commonly consists of cars with two rows of seats, while in Asia mini MPVs with three rows are common. Sliding doors are sometimes also fitted to mini MPVs. Mini MPV are also called tall-hatchback or small MPV.
Executive car is a British term for a large car which is equivalent to the European E-segment and American full-size classifications. Executive cars are larger than compact executive cars, and smaller than luxury saloons / full-size luxury sedans.
The C-segment is the 3rd category of the European segments for passenger cars and is described as "medium cars". It is equivalent to the Euro NCAP "small family car" size class, and the compact car category in the United States.
The B-segment is the 2nd category of the European segments for passenger cars, which is described as "small cars". It is equivalent to the subcompact category in the United States and the supermini category in Great Britain. The Euro NCAP vehicle class called “Supermini” also includes smaller A-segment cars.
The E-segment is the 5th category of the European segments for passenger cars, synonymous with the term executive car.
The D-segment is the 4th category of the European segments for passenger cars, and is described as "large cars".
The F-segment is the 6th category and largest of the European segments for passenger cars, and always belongs to "luxury cars".
The Peugeot 108 is a city car launched by French manufacturer Peugeot in March 2014 at the Geneva Motor Show. For the United Kingdom, it went on sale in July 2014. The 108 is related to the Citroën C1 and Toyota Aygo, sharing the chassis, engines, transmission, and electrics. Sales commenced in June 2014 in Mainland Europe.
The Peugeot 3008 is a compact crossover SUV which was first presented to the public in Dubrovnik, Croatia in 2008, and then again in 2010 at the Mondial de l'Automobile in Paris, by the French manufacturer Peugeot. It was launched in April 2009, as a replacement for the 4007 and 4008.
M-segment is the European segments for passenger cars described as "multi purpose vehicles". It covers multi-purpose vehicles, minivans and cargo vans. The minivans often have removable rear seating to provide flexibility for transporting passengers or cargo, while the cargo vans are primarily designed for transporting cargo and therefore do not have rear seats.
The Citroën C5 Aircross is a compact crossover SUV produced by French manufacturer Citroën since 2017. It started as the Citroën Aircross concept car which was unveiled at the 2015 Shanghai Auto Show. The production version was officially presented for the Chinese market at the 2017 Shanghai Auto Show. Sales in China started in the fall of 2017.
In Europe, the "city car" is a well-understood concept
(City cars) are meant to be cheap, small, easy to park and yet practical, with good manners on the open road