Torpedo (car)

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1912 Fiat Type 3 torpedo Fiat Tipo 3Ter Torpedo 1912.jpg
1912 Fiat Type 3 torpedo
1914 Humber 11 torpedo Humber 11 Torpedo style 1944cc registered April 1914.JPG
1914 Humber 11 torpedo
Iveco VM 90 Torpedo 2june 2007 489.jpg
Iveco VM 90 Torpedo

The torpedo body style was a type of automobile body used from 1908 until the mid-1930s, which had a streamlined profile and a folding or detachable soft top. The design consists of a hood or bonnet line raised to be level with the car's waistline, resulting in a straight beltline from front to back. [1]

The name was introduced in 1908 when Captain Theo Masui, the London-based importer of French Gregoire cars, designed a streamlined body and called it "The Torpedo". [2]

The Torpedo body style was usually fitted to four- or five-seat touring cars (cars without a fixed roof) with detachable or folding roof, and low side panels and doors. Torpedo cars did not have B pillars, so the only uprights present were those supporting the windshield.

Similar styles are phaeton and baquet. [3]

The name is also used for trucks with a hood or bonnet. [4] [5]

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  1. Roberts, Peter (1974). "Carriage to Car". Veteran and Vintage Cars. London, UK: Octopus Books. p. 111. ISBN   0-7064-0331-2. Torpedo – Continental term for an open four-seat car with soft hood and sporting tendencies and in which the line of the bonnet was continued back to the rear of the car.
  2. Wood, Jonathan (2008). Coachbuilding – The Hand Crafted Car Body. Oxford, UK: Shire Publications. ISBN   978-0-7478-0688-2.
  3. "Antique, Vintage and Classic Car Terms and Definitions". Retrieved 2008-01-23.
  4. Brunninge, Olof (2007). "1, Scania's bonneted trucks". In Lerpold, Lin; Ravasi, Davide; van Rekom, Johan; et al. (eds.). Organizational Identity in Practice. Abingdon, Oxford, UK: Routledge. p. 24. ISBN   978-0-415-39839-8. When cabs were modularized in the 2-series in 1980, the first version to be launched was the bonneted cab, the so-called T-cab, with a torpedo-like design.
  5. Peck, Colin (2010). "The 1950s – new factories, new trucks and buses". DAF Trucks Since 1949. Poundbury, Dorset, UK: Veloce Publishing. p. 19. ISBN   978-1-845842-60-4. To meet the more conservative demands of specific sectors of the market, DAF introduced its first bonneted truck in 1957, with mechanical specifications similar to the cab-over-engine models. Generically known as the 'Torpedo' series, these new trucks were initially supplied as a chassis and bonnet, allowing coachbuilders to construct the cabs.