Vehicle identification number

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VIN on a Chinese moped Framenummer voorbeeld.jpg
VIN on a Chinese moped
VIN on a 1996 Porsche 993 GT2 1996 Porsche 911 993 GT2 - Flickr - The Car Spy (3).jpg
VIN on a 1996 Porsche 993 GT2
VIN visible in the windshield VIN - IMG 0467.JPG
VIN visible in the windshield
VIN recorded on a Chinese vehicle license Vehicle License of the People's Republic of China (Information Page).jpg
VIN recorded on a Chinese vehicle license

A vehicle identification number (VIN) (also called a chassis number or frame number) is a unique code, including a serial number, used by the automotive industry to identify individual motor vehicles, towed vehicles, motorcycles, scooters and mopeds, as defined in ISO 3779 (content and structure) and ISO 4030 (location and attachment).


VINs were first used in 1954 in the United States. [1] From 1954 to 1981, there was no accepted standard for these numbers, so different manufacturers used different formats.

In 1954, at the request of the US government, US car manufacturers and the Automobile Manufacturers Association were involved in the creation of the new, standardized vehicle identification numbering system named the Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) with an agreed upon digit sequence and concealed chassis markings of this VIN. Up to that time, states used the engine number to register and title cars and trucks which became a problem if the engine was replaced, which was fairly common at the time.[ citation needed ]

In 1981, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration of the United States standardized the format. [1] It required all on-road vehicles sold to contain a 17-character VIN, which does not include the letters O (o), I (i), and Q (q) (to avoid confusion with numerals 0, 1, and 9).

There are vehicle history services in several countries that help potential car owners use VINs to find vehicles that are defective or have been written off.


There are at least four competing standards used to calculate the VIN.


Modern VINs are based on two related standards, originally issued by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) in 1979 and 1980: ISO 3779 [4] and ISO 3780, [5] respectively. Compatible but different implementations of these ISO standards have been adopted by the European Union and the United States. [6]

The VIN comprises the following sections:

ISO 3779 World manufacturer identifier Vehicle descriptor section Vehicle identifier section
European Union [7]

more than 500 vehicles/year

World manufacturer identifier Indication of "the general characteristics of the vehicle"Indication that provides "clear identification of a particular vehicle"
European Union [7]

500 or fewer vehicles/year

World manufacturer identifier 9Indication of "the general characteristics of the vehicle"Indication that provides "clear identification of a particular vehicle"
North America

more than 2,000 vehicles/year

World manufacturer identifier Vehicle attributes Check digit Model year Plant code Sequential number
North America

2,000 or fewer vehicles/year

World manufacturer identifier 9 Vehicle attributes Check digit Model year Plant code Manufacturer identifier Sequential number
VIN in a GM-T-Platform body next to a passenger seat VIN - Fahrgestellnummer IMG 0470.JPG
VIN in a GM-T-Platform body next to a passenger seat

World manufacturer identifier

The first three characters uniquely identify the manufacturer of the vehicle using the world manufacturer identifier or WMI code. A manufacturer who builds fewer than 1,000 vehicles per year uses a 9 as the third digit, and the 12th, 13th and 14th position of the VIN for a second part of the identification. Some manufacturers use the third character as a code for a vehicle category (e.g., bus or truck), a division within a manufacturer, or both. For example, within 1G (assigned to General Motors in the United States), 1G1 represents Chevrolet passenger cars; 1G2, Pontiac passenger cars; and 1GC, Chevrolet trucks.

The Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) in the US assigns WMIs to countries and manufacturers. [8]

The first character of the WMI is the region in which the manufacturer is located. In practice, each is assigned to a country of manufacture, although in Europe the country where the continental headquarters is located can assign the WMI to all vehicles produced in that region (Example: Opel/Vauxhall cars whether produced in Germany, Spain, the United Kingdom or Poland carry a WMI of W0L because Adam Opel AG is based in Rüsselsheim, Germany).

In the notation below, assume that letters precede numbers and that zero is the last number. For example, 8X–82 denotes the range 8X, 8Y, 8Z, 81, 82, excluding 80. [8]

Country or region codes

A–H = Africa J–R = Asia S–Z = Europe 1–5 = North America 6–7 = Oceania 8–9 = South America

AA-AH South Africa
AJ-AN Cote d'Ivoire
AP-A0 unassigned
AR-AL Algeria
BA-BE Angola
BF-BK Kenya
BL-BR Tanzania
BS-B0 unassigned
CA-CE Benin
CF-CK Madagascar
CL-CR Tunisia
CS-C0 unassigned
DA-DE Egypt
DF-DK Morocco
DL-DR Zambia
DS-D0 unassigned
EA-EE Ethiopia
EF-EK Mozambique
EL-E0 unassigned
FA-FE Ghana
FF-FK Nigeria
FL-F0 unassigned
GA-G0 unassigned
HA-H0 unassigned

J Japan
KA-KE Sri Lanka
KF-KK Israel
KL-KR Korea (South)
KS Jordan
KS-K0 Kazakhstan
L China (Mainland)
MA-ME, MZ India
MF-MK Indonesia
ML-MR Thailand
MS-M0 Myanmar
NA-NE Iran
NF-NK Pakistan
NL-NR Turkey
NS-N0 unassigned
PA-PE Philippines
PF-PK Singapore
PL-PR Malaysia
PS-P0 unassigned
RA-RE United Arab Emirates
RF-RK Taiwan
RL-RR Vietnam
RS-R0 Saudi Arabia

SA-SM United Kingdom
SN-ST Germany (formerly East Germany)
SU-SZ Poland
S1-S4 Latvia
S5-S0 unassigned
TA-TH Switzerland
TJ-TP Czech Republic
TR-TV Hungary
TW-T1 Portugal
T2-T0 unassigned
UA-UG unassigned
UH-UM Denmark
UN-UT Ireland
UU-UZ Romania
U1-U4 unassigned
U5-U7 Slovakia
U8-U0 unassigned
VA-VE Austria
VF-VR France
VS-VW Spain
VX-V2 Serbia
V3-V5 Croatia
V6-V0 Estonia
W Germany (formerly West Germany)
XA-XE Bulgaria
XF-XK Greece
XL-XR Netherlands
XS-XW Russia (former USSR)
XX-X2 Luxembourg
X3-X0 Russia
YA-YE Belgium
YF-YK Finland
YL-YR Malta
YS-YW Sweden
YX-Y2 Norway
Y3-Y5 Belarus
Y6-Y0 Ukraine
ZA-ZR Italy
ZS-ZW unassigned
ZX-Z2 Slovenia
Z3-Z5 Lithuania
Z6-Z0 unassigned

1, 4, or 5 United States
2 Canada
3A-3W Mexico
3X-37 Costa Rica
38-39 Cayman Islands
30 unassigned

6 Australia
7 New Zealand

8A-8E Argentina
8F-8K Chile
8L-8R Ecuador
8S-8W Peru
8X-82 Venezuela
82-82 Bolivia
83-80 unassigned
9A-9E Brazil
9F-9K Colombia
9L-9R Paraguay
9S-9W Uruguay
9X-92 Trinidad & Tobago
93–99 Brazil
90 unassigned

Vehicle descriptor section

The fourth to ninth positions in the VIN are the vehicle descriptor section or VDS. This is used, according to local regulations, to identify the vehicle type, and may include information on the automobile platform used, the model, and the body style. Each manufacturer has a unique system for using this field. Most manufacturers since the 1980s have used the eighth digit to identify the engine type whenever there is more than one engine choice for the vehicle. Example: for the 2007 Chevrolet Corvette, U is for a 6.0-liter V8 engine, and E is for a 7.0-liter V8.

North American check digits

One element that is inconsistent is the use of position nine as a check digit, compulsory for vehicles in North America and China, but not Europe.

Vehicle identifier section

The 10th to 17th positions are used as the vehicle identifier section or VIS. This is used by the manufacturer to identify the individual vehicle in question. This may include information on options installed or engine and transmission choices, but often is a simple sequential number. In North America, the last five digits must be numeric.

Model year encoding

One consistent element of the VIS is the 10th digit, which is required worldwide to encode the model year of the vehicle. Besides the three letters that are not allowed in the VIN itself (I, O and Q), the letters U and Z and the digit 0 are not used for the model year code. The year code is the model year for the vehicle.

The year 1980 was encoded by some manufacturers, especially General Motors and Chrysler, as "A" (since the 17-digit VIN was not mandatory until 1981, and the "A" or zero was in the manufacturer's pre-1981 placement in the VIN), yet Ford and AMC still used a zero for 1980. Subsequent years increment through the allowed letters, so that "Y" represents the year 2000. 2001 to 2009 are encoded as the digits 1 to 9, and subsequent years are encoded as "A", "B", "C", etc.


On April 30, 2008, the US National Highway Traffic Safety Administration adopted a final rule amending 49 CFR Part 565, "so that the current 17 character vehicle identification number (VIN) system, which has been in place for almost 30 years, can continue in use for at least another 30 years", in the process making several changes to the VIN requirements applicable to all motor vehicles manufactured for sale in the United States. There are three notable changes to the VIN structure that affect VIN deciphering systems:

  • The make may only be identified after looking at positions one through three and another position, as determined by the manufacturer in the second section or fourth to eighth segment of the VIN.
  • In order to identify the exact year in passenger cars and multipurpose passenger vehicles with a GVWR of 10,000 or less, one must read position 7 as well as position 10. For passenger cars, and for multipurpose passenger vehicles and trucks with a gross vehicle weight rating of 10,000 lb (4,500 kg) or less, if position seven is numeric, the model year in position 10 of the VIN refers to a year in the range 1980–2009. [9] [ citation needed ] If position seven is alphabetic, the model year in position 10 of VIN refers to a year in the range 2010–2039.
  • The model year for vehicles with a GVWR greater than 10,000 lb (4,500 kg), as well as buses, motorcycles, trailers and low-speed vehicles, may no longer be identified within a 30-year range. VIN characters 1–8 and 10 that were assigned from 1980–2009 can be repeated beginning with the 2010 model year.

Plant code

Compulsory in North America and China is the use of the 11th character to identify the assembly plant at which the vehicle was built. Each manufacturer has its own set of plant codes.

Production number

In the United States and China, the 12th to 17th digits are the vehicle's serial or production number. This is unique to each vehicle, and every manufacturer uses its own sequence.

Check-digit calculation

A check-digit validation is used for all road vehicles sold in the United States and Canada.

When trying to validate a VIN with a check digit, first either (a) remove the check digit for the purpose of calculation or (b) use a weight of zero (see below) to cancel it out. The original value of the check digit is then compared with the calculated value. If the calculated value is 0–9, the check digit must match the calculated value. If the calculated value is 10, the check digit must be X. If the two values do not match (and there was no error in the calculation), then there is a mistake in the VIN. However, a match does not prove the VIN is correct, because there is still a 1/11 chance that any two distinct VINs have a matching check digit: for example, the valid VINs 5GZCZ43D13S812715 (correct with leading five) and SGZCZ43D13S812715 (incorrect with leading character "S"). The VINs in the Porsche image, WP0ZZZ99ZTS392124, and the GM-T body image, KLATF08Y1VB363636, do not pass the North American check-digit verification.

Transliterating the numbers

Transliteration consists of removing all of the letters, and replacing them with their appropriate numerical counterparts. These numerical alternatives (based on IBM's EBCDIC) are in the following chart. I, O, and Q are not allowed in a valid VIN; for this chart, they have been filled in with N/A (not applicable). Numerical digits use their own values.

Transliteration key: values for VIN decoding
A: 1B: 2C: 3D: 4E: 5F: 6G: 7H: 8N/A
J: 1K: 2L: 3M: 4N: 5N/AP: 7N/AR: 9
N/AS: 2T: 3U: 4V: 5W: 6X: 7Y: 8Z: 9

S is 2, and not 1. There is no left-alignment linearity.

Weights used in calculation

The following is the weight factor for each position in the VIN. The 9th position is that of the check digit. It has been substituted with a 0, which will cancel it out in the multiplication step.

Weight factor table

Worked example

Consider the hypothetical VIN 1M8GDM9A_KP042788, where the underscore will be the check digit.

  1. The VIN's value is calculated from the above transliteration table. This number is used in the rest of the calculation.
  2. Copy the weights from the weight factor row above.
  3. The products row is the result of the multiplication of the columnsin the Value and Weight rows.
  4. The products (8, 28, 48, 35 ... 24, 16) are all added together to yield a sum, 351.
  5. Find the remainder after dividing by 11
    351 MOD 11 = 10
    351 ÷ 11 = 311011
  6. The remainder is the check digit. If the remainder is 10, the check digit is X. In this example, the remainder is 10, so the check digit is transliterated as X.

With a check digit of X, the VIN 1M8GDM9A_KP042788 is written 1M8GDM9AXKP042788.

A VIN with straight-ones (seventeen consecutive 1s) has the nice feature that its check digit 1 matches the calculated value 1. This is because a value of one multiplied by 89 (sum of weights) is 89, and 89 divided by 11 is 8 with remainder 111; thus 1 is the check digit. This is a way to test a VIN-check algorithm.

VIN scanning

The VIN is marked in multiple locations; normally in the lower corner of the windshield on the driver’s side, under the bonnet next to latch, at the front end of the vehicle frame, and inside the door pillar on the driver’s side. [10] On newer vehicles VINs may be optically read with barcode scanners or digital cameras, or digitally read via OBD-II. There are smartphone applications that can pass the VIN to websites to decode the VIN.

List of common WMI

The Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) assigns the WMI (world manufacturer identifier) to countries and manufacturers. The following list shows a selection of world manufacturer codes.



AAVSouth Africa Volkswagen [11]
ADM General Motors South Africa
ADN Nissan South Africa (Pty) Ltd
AHT Toyota [11]
AFA Ford
BF9KenyaKIBO Motorcycles
CL9Tunisia Wallyscar
DA1 DA4Egypt Arab American Vehicles Company
DAA Fiat Auto Egypt Industrial Co


J8BJapan Isuzu Motor Co/Chevrolet
JA4 Mitsubishi
JC1 Fiat Automobiles/Mazda
JDA JD1 Daihatsu Motor Co. Ltd.
JF1 JF2 JF3 Subaru - Fuji Heavy Industries
JF5 Pontiac
JHD JHF JHH Hino [11]
JHL Honda [11]
JHM Honda [11]
JL5 Mitsubishi FUSO Truck & Bus Corp
JM0 Mazda for Oceania export
JM1 Mazda
JMB Mitsubishi [11]
JM6 Mazda [11]
JN Nissan [11]
JS Suzuki [11]
JT Toyota/Lexus [11]
JY Yamaha [11]
KL1 KL2 KLASouth Korea Daewoo/GM Korea [11]
KMA Asia Motors Co Inc
KMH Hyundai [11]
KNA KNC KNE Kia [11]
KNM Samsung Motors Inc
KPT SsangYong [11]
L1CChina Hubei Huawei Special-Purpose Automobile
L2C Chery Jaguar Land Rover
L6T Geely
LA6 King Long
LB3 Geely
LBE Beijing Hyundai
LBV BMW Brilliance
LC0 BYD Industry
LDC Dongfeng Peugeot-Citroën
LDN South East Motor Co Ltd
LE4 Beijing Benz
LFA Ford Lio Ho Motor Co Ltd
LFM FAW Toyota
LFV FAW-Volkswagen
LGB Dongfeng Nissan
LGJ Dongfeng Fengshen
LGW Great Wall ( Havel)
LH1 FAW Haima
LHG Guangzhou Honda
LJD Dongfeng Yueda Kia
LJU Shanghai Maple Automobile Co.
LLV Lifan
LMG GAC Trumpchi
LPA Changan PSA (DS Automobiles)
LPS Polestar
LS5 Changan Suzuki
LRW Tesla
LSG SAIC General Motors
LSV SAIC Volkswagen
LTV FAW Toyota (Tianjin)
LUX Dongfeng Yulon Motor Co. Ltd
LVG GAC Toyota
LVH Dongfeng Honda
LVR Changan Mazda
LVS Changan Ford
LVV Chery
LZY Yutong
MA1India Mahindra
MA3 Maruti Suzuki India Limited| Maruti| Suzuki
MA6 General Motors India Pvt. Ltd.
MA7 Hindustan Motors Ltd
MAJ Ford India Ltd.
MAK Honda Motor India Pvt. Ltd.
MAL Hyundai Motors India Ltd
MAT Tata Engineering & Locomotive Co
MB1 Ashok Leyland Ltd
MBH Maruti Suzuki Automobiles India Limited
MBJ Toyota Kirloskar Motor Pvt Ltd
MBK MAN Truck & Bus India Pvt. Ltd
MBU Swaraj Vehicles Limited
MBV Premier Car World Pvt. Ltd
MBY Asia Motor Works good vehicle Ltd
MC1 Force Motors Limited
MC2 Eicher Motors Limited
MC4 Dilip chhabria design pvt ltd
MCA FCA India Automobiles Pvt. Ltd
MCB General Motors India Pvt. Ltd.
MCL International Cars And Motors Ltd
MD2 Bajaj Auto Ltd
MDH Nissan Motor India Pvt Ltd
MEC Daimler India Commercial Vehicles Pvt. Ltd.
MEE Renault Nissan Automobiles Pvt Ltd
MH1Indonesia PT Astra Honda Motor
MLHThailand Honda
MM0 Mazda
MM8 Mazda (Ford-Mazda AAT plant) [12]
MMB Mitsubishi [11]
MMF BMW [13]
MMH Tata [14]
MMK Toyota (Auto Works plant) [15]
MMM Chevrolet [16]
MML MG [16]
MMR Subaru [17]
MMS Suzuki [18]
MMT Mitsubishi [19]
MNB Ford (Ford-Mazda AAT plant) [20]
MNK Hino Motors Manufacturing Thailand Co Ltd
MNT Nissan
MPA IMCT Isuzu Motors Company Thailand
MPB Ford (FTM plant) [21]
MP5 Foton [22]
MRH Honda
MR0 Toyota (Ban Pho and Samrong plant) [23]
MR2 Toyota (Gateway plant) [24]
MS0Myanmar Kia
NAAIran Irankhodro Company
NAD Saipa Diesel
NAG Bahman Industrial Group
NAP Pars Khodro
NFBPakistan Honda Atlas Cars Pakistan Ltd
NLCTurkey Askam Kamyon Imalat Ve Tic.A.S.
NMA MAN [11]
NMT Toyota
NM0 Ford Otosan
NM1 Oyak-Renault Oto Fab AS
NM4 Tofas Turk Otomobil Fabrikasi AS
PABPhilippines Isuzu Philippines Corporation
PL1Malaysia Proton
PL8 Hyundai/Inokom
PLP Subaru
PMH Honda
PML Hicom
PM2 Perodua
PM9 Bufori
PMK Honda Boon Siew
PMN Modenas
PMV Yamaha Hong Leong
PNA Naza/Kia/Peugeot
PNA Peugeot
PNV Volvo Cars
PN1 PN2 Toyota
PN8 Nissan
PP1 Mazda
PP3 Hyundai
PPP Suzuki
PPV Volkswagen
PR8 Ford
PRA Sinotruk
PRH Chery
RF5Taiwan Yulon Motor Co Ltd
RFD Tai Ling Motor Co Ltd
RHA Ford Lio Ho Motor Co Ltd
RKL Toyota Taiwán
RLEVietnam Isuzu Vietnam Co Ltd


SABUnited Kingdom Optare
SAJ Jaguar
SAL Land Rover [11]
SAR Rover [11]
SAT Triumph [11]
SB1 Toyota [11]
SBM McLaren Automotive [11]
SC6 INEOS Automotive Limited [11]
SCC Lotus Cars [11]
SCF Aston Martin Lagonda Limited [11]
SCE DeLorean
SCK Ifor Williams Trailers
SDB Talbot Motor Co Ltd
SFD Alexander Dennis
SFE Alexander Dennis (North America)
SHH Honda [11]
SHS Honda [11]
SJK SJN Nissan [11]
SUPFabryka Samochodow Osobowych
TCCSwitzerland Micro Compact Car [11]
TEBUK/SwitzerlandJohnston sweeper (Bucher)
TMACzech Republic Hyundai [11]
TMB Škoda [11]
TRUHungary Audi [11]
TSM Suzuki [11]
TW8Portugal General Motors De Portugal Lda
U5YSlovakia Kia [11]
UURomania Dacia [11]
VA0Austria ÖAF [11]
VBK KTM [11]
VF1France Renault [11]
VF2 Renault [11]
VF3 Peugeot [11]
VF4 Talbot [11]
VF5 Iveco Unic SA [11]
VF6 Renault Trucks/Volvo [11]
VF7 Citroën [11]
VF8 Matra/Talbot/Simca [11]
VF9 Bugatti [11]
VFE IvecoBus
VNK Toyota
VR1 DS Automobiles
VS7Spain Citroën
VSE Santana Motor SA
VSK Nissan Motor Iberica SA, Nissan Passenger & Multi-Purpose Vehicle
VSX Opel Automobile Espana,SA
VV9 Tauro Sport Auto
VX1Serbia Sour Zavodi
WACArge Audi/Porsche [25]
WAGGermany Neoplan [11]
WAU Audi [11]
WAP Alpina [11]
WBA BMW [11]
WBS BMW M [11]
WBX BMW [11]
WDB Mercedes-Benz [11]
WDC WDD WMX DaimlerChrysler AG/Daimler AG [11]
WEB EvoBus [11]
WF0 Ford of Europe [11]
WJM Iveco
WJR Irmscher [11]
WKK Karl Kässbohrer Fahrzeugwerke [11]
WMA MAN [11]
WME Smart [11]
WMW Mini [11]
WP0 Porsche car [11]
WP1 Porsche SUV [11]
WUA Quattro [11]
WVG Volkswagen [11]
WVW Volkswagen [11]
WV1 Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles [11]
WV2 Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles [11]
W08 Adam Opel AG Belgium
W09 Ruf Automobile [11]
W0L Opel/ Vauxhall [11]
W0SV Opel Special Vehicles [11]
XLRNetherlands DAF Trucks [11]
XTARussia AvtoVAZ [11]
XU1 UAZ Special Purpose Vehicles Ltd
XUF General Motors Auto
XWBUzbekistán Daewoo GM Uzbekistán
Y6DUkraine Zaporiz'kyi avtozavod
YK1Finland Saab [11]
YS2Sweden Scania, Södertälje [11]
YS3 Saab [11]
YS4Scania, Katrineholm [11]
YV1 Volvo Cars [11]
YV2 Volvo Trucks [11]
YV3 Volvo Buses [11]
YT9 Koenigsegg Automotive AB [26]
ZA9Italy Bugatti Automobili S.p.A
ZAA Autobianchi
ZAM Maserati [11]
ZAP Piaggio [27]
ZAR Alfa Romeo [11]
ZCF Iveco [11]
ZFA Fiat [11]
ZFF Ferrari [11]
ZGA IvecoBus [11]
ZHW Lamborghini [11]
ZLA Lancia [11]

North America

1BUnited States Dodge [11]
1C Chrysler [11]
1F Ford [11]
1G General Motors [11]
1G1 Chevrolet
1G3 Oldsmobile
1G4 Buick [28]
1G9 Google
1GBChevrolet incomplete vehicles [28]
1GC Chevrolet
1GDGMC incomplete vehicles [28]
1GM Pontiac
1HG Honda [11]
1J Jeep [11]
1L Lincoln [11]
1M Mercury [11]
1MR Continental [11]
1N Nissan
1VW Volkswagen [11]
1YV Mazda [11]
1ZV Ford
19U Honda [11]
2DGCanada Ontario Drive & Gear
2F Ford [11]
2Gx General Motors [11]
2G1 Chevrolet
2G2 Pontiac
2G9 Gnome Homes
2HG Honda
2HH Acura
2HJ Honda
2HK Honda
2HM Hyundai
2L9 Les Contenants Durabac
2LN Lincoln [11]
2M Mercury [11]
2T Toyota
3FMexico Ford
3G General Motors [11]
3HG Honda [11]
3HM Honda
3KP Kia [11]
3N Nissan [11]
3VW Volkswagen [11]
4FUnited States Mazda [11]
4J Mercedes-Benz [11]
4M Mercury
4S2 Isuzu Motors America Inc
4S3 Subaru [11]
4S4 Subaru [11]
4S6 Honda
4T Toyota [11]
4US BMW [11]
5FN Honda [11]
5FR Honda [11]
5J6 Honda [11]
5L Lincoln
5N1 Nissan
5NM Hyundai
5NP Hyundai
5T Toyota [11]
5U BMW [11]
5X Hyundai/ Kia
5YJ Tesla [11]
55 Mercedes-Benz [11]


6FAustralia Ford [11]
6G General Motors
6G1 Chevrolet
6G2 Pontiac
6H Holden
6MM Mitsubishi [11]
6T1 Toyota
6T9 Trailer
6U9see note below
7A1New Zealand Mitsubishi
7A3 Honda
7A4 Toyota
7A5 Ford
7A8 NZ Transport Agency (pre-2009)
7AT NZ Transport Agency (post-2009)

North America

7FAUnited States Honda
7JR Volvo

South America

829Bolivia Quantum
8APArgentina Fiat
8AF Ford [11]
8AG General Motors
8AW Volkswagen
8AJ Toyota
8A1 Renault
8AC Mercedes Benz
8BB Agrale Argentina S.A
8BC Citroën
8AD Peugeot
8AN Nissan
8C3 Honda
8AT Iveco
8G1 8GDChile Automotores Franco Chilena S.A
8GG General Motors Chile S.A
8LBEcuador General Motors OBB
8LF Maresa
8LG Aymesa
8Z1Venezuela General Motors Venezolana C.A.
9AMBrazil Massari
9BD Fiat Automóveis
9BG General Motors
9BW Volkswagen [11]
9BF Ford
93H Honda
9BR Toyota
936 Peugeot
935 Citroën
93P Volare
93Y Renault
93XSouza Ramos - Mitsubishi / Suzuki
9BH Hyundai
95P CAOA / Hyundai
94D Nissan
94G Indabra
94M HVR-Busscar
94NRWM Brazil
98R Chery
988 Jeep
9BM Mercedes-Benz
9BN Mafersa
99A Audi
99J Jaguar Land Rover
9C2 Honda Motorcycles [11]
9C6 Yamaha [11]
9CD Suzuki (motorcycles)
93V International Navistar
93W Fiat Professional
93Z Iveco
953 VW Trucks / MAN
9BS Scania
9BV Volvo Trucks
9BY Agrale S/A
9FBColombia Renault
9FC Compañía Colombiana Automotriz S.A
9GC General Motors Colmotores S.A
9UJUruguay Chery
9UK Lifan
9UW Kia

Note: Vehicles to be registered in Australia without a 17 character VIN [29]

See also

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The Electronic Product Code (EPC) is designed as a universal identifier that provides a unique identity for every physical object anywhere in the world, for all time. The EPC structure is defined in the EPCglobal Tag Data Standard, which is an open standard freely available for download from the website of EPCglobal, Inc.. The canonical representation of an EPC is a URI, namely the 'pure-identity URI' representation that is intended for use when referring to a specific physical object in communications about EPCs among information systems and business application software.

Code 128

Code 128 is a high-density linear barcode symbology defined in ISO/IEC 15417:2007. It is used for alphanumeric or numeric-only barcodes. It can encode all 128 characters of ASCII and, by use of an extension symbol (FNC4), the Latin-1 characters defined in ISO/IEC 8859-1.. It generally results in more compact barcodes compared to other methods like Code 39, especially when the texts contain mostly digits.

A CUSIP is a nine-digit numeric or nine-character alphanumeric code that identifies a North American financial security for the purposes of facilitating clearing and settlement of trades. The CUSIP was adopted as an American National Standard under Accredited Standards X9.6. The acronym, pronounced as "kyoo-sip," derives from Committee on Uniform Security Identification Procedures.

ISO/IEC 7812Identification cards — Identification of issuers was first published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) in 1989. It is the international standard specifies "a numbering system for the identification of the card issuers, the format of the issuer identification number (IIN) and the primary account number (PAN).", and procedures for registering IINs. ISO/IEC 7812 has two parts:

Registration authorities exist for many standards organizations, such as ANNA, the Object Management Group, W3C, IEEE and others. In general, registration authorities all perform a similar function, in promoting the use of a particular standard through facilitating its use. This may be by applying the standard, where appropriate, or by verifying that a particular application satisfies the standard's tenants. Maintenance agencies, in contrast, may change an element in a standard based on set rules – such as the creation or change of a currency code when a currency is created or revalued. The Object Management Group has an additional concept of certified provider, which is deemed an entity permitted to perform some functions on behalf of the registration authority, under specific processes and procedures documented within the standard for such a role.

ISO 6346 International standard covering the coding, identification and marking of shipping containers

ISO 6346 is an international standard covering the coding, identification and marking of intermodal (shipping) containers used within containerized intermodal freight transport. The standard establishes a visual identification system for every container that includes a unique serial number, the owner, a country code, a size, type and equipment category as well as any operational marks. The standard is managed by the International Container Bureau (BIC).

Microchip implant (animal) Implant used in animals

A microchip implant is an identifying integrated circuit placed under the skin of an animal. The chip, about the size of a large grain of rice, uses passive radio-frequency identification (RFID) technology, and is also known as a PIT tag. Standard pet microchips are typically 11–13 mm long and 2 mm in diameter.

On-board diagnostics

On-board diagnostics (OBD) is an automotive term referring to a vehicle's self-diagnostic and reporting capability. OBD systems give the vehicle owner or repair technician access to the status of the various vehicle sub-systems. The amount of diagnostic information available via OBD has varied widely since its introduction in the early 1980s versions of on-board vehicle computers. Early versions of OBD would simply illuminate a malfunction indicator light or "idiot light" if a problem was detected but would not provide any information as to the nature of the problem. Modern OBD implementations use a standardized digital communications port to provide real-time data in addition to a standardized series of diagnostic trouble codes, or DTCs, which allow a person to rapidly identify and remedy malfunctions within the vehicle.

ISO 11784 and ISO 11785 are international standards that regulate the radio-frequency identification (RFID) of animals, which is usually accomplished by implanting, introducing or attaching a transponder containing a microchip to an animal.

International Article Number standard barcode system used in global trade

The International Article Number is a standard describing a barcode symbology and numbering system used in global trade to identify a specific retail product type, in a specific packaging configuration, from a specific manufacturer. The standard has been subsumed in the Global Trade Item Number standard from the GS1 organization; the same numbers can be referred to as GTINs and can be encoded in other barcode symbologies defined by GS1. EAN barcodes are used worldwide for lookup at retail point of sale, but can also be used as numbers for other purposes such as wholesale ordering or accounting. These barcodes only represent the digits 0–9, unlike some other barcode symbologies which can represent additional characters.

Production vehicle

The characteristics of a production vehicle or production car are mass-produced identical models, offered for sale to the public, and able to be legally driven on public roads. Legislation and other rules further define the production vehicle within particular countries or uses. There is no single fixed global definition of the term.

Number matching or matching numbers is a term often used in the collector car industry to describe cars with original major components, or major components that match one another.

A payment card number, primary account number (PAN), or simply a card number, is the card identifier found on payment cards, such as credit cards and debit cards, as well as stored-value cards, gift cards and other similar cards. In some situations the card number is referred to as a bank card number. The card number is primarily a card identifier and does not directly identify the bank account number/s to which the card is/are linked by the issuing entity. The card number prefix identifies the issuer of the card, and the digits that follow are used by the issuing entity to identify the cardholder as a customer and which is then associated by the issuing entity with the customer's designated bank accounts. In the case of stored-value type cards, the association with a particular customer is only made if the prepaid card is reloadable. Card numbers are allocated in accordance with ISO/IEC 7812. The card number is usually prominently embossed on the front of a payment card, and is encoded on the magnetic stripe and chip, but may be imprinted on the back of the card.

The Global Location Number (GLN) is part of the GS1 systems of standards. It is a simple tool used to identify a location and can identify locations uniquely where required. This identifier is compliant with norm ISO/IEC 6523.

The Health Industry Business Communications Council is the primary standard-setting and educational organization for healthcare bar coding in the United States.


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