Tianjin FAW

Last updated
Tianjin FAW Xiali Automobile Co., Ltd.
FormerlyXiali (1997-2008)
Type public
Industry Automotive
Founded1965;58 years ago (1965) (company)
Defunct14 December 2020 [1]
FateAll assets absorbed into FAW Group, listed shell company transferred to China Railway Materials
Successor FAW Group
Headquarters,
Area served
China
Products Automobiles
Parent FAW Group
Subsidiaries Tianjin FAW Toyota Motor Co., Ltd. (30%) Tom Group(24%) Tianjin Tom Mitsubishi Fuso (36%) Mitsubishi Motors (42%) Mitsubishi Fuso Truck And Bus Corporation (50%). [2]
Website www.tjfaw.com (in Chinese)

Tianjin FAW (officially Tianjin FAW Xiali Automobile Co., Ltd.) was an automobile company based in Tianjin, China and a subsidiary of FAW Group. Its principal activity was the design, development, manufacture and distribution of automobiles sold under the Xiali, Vita and Junpai marques. It was listed on the Shenzhen Stock Exchange.

Contents

Tianjin FAW was founded in 1965 and was originally considered one of the "three smalls" of the Chinese automotive industry, together with Guangzhou Honda and Beijing. [3] Tianjin FAW moved into third place in the Chinese market in 1997. [4] By 2000 they were in second place, in spite of the low quality of their products. [5] Production volumes were high due to the fact that many towns used Xiali cars as taxicabs. Many of the smaller towns in rural China had Xiali cars as taxicabs well into the second decade of the twenty-first century. Xiali parts were cheap and it was one of the cheapest cars to run in China. Due to their low running costs, Xiali cars in many towns survived as unofficial "black" taxies till well after they were replaced by other cars as legal taxies. Tianjin FAW subsequently lost market share to several new Chinese automobile manufacturers.

Amidst declining sales, the listed Tianjin FAW unit was dissolved, and its remaining assets, liabilities and employees were absorbed into various FAW Group units. [6] The listed shell company was transferred for no consideration to China Railway Materials to facilitate the backdoor listing of one of its units.

Tianjin FAW operated a joint venture with Toyota, Tianjin FAW Toyota Motor Co., Ltd., which, now under FAW Group, produces Toyota passenger cars for the Chinese market including the Avalon, Corolla, Crown, Reiz and Vios. [2]

History

Tianjin FAW's first product, debuting in 1965, was a copy of the famous Beijing Jeep called the Tianjin TJ210. Between 1973 and 1979 the Toyota look-alike Tianjin TJ740 was also built, although only 63 were finished.

In the 1980s, Tianjin's directors decided to look abroad for a joint venture to enable them to build modern small cars. In 1983, Daihatsu had been chosen as a partner, and in November 1984 the first vehicle rolled out from the works. At first, local parts content was a mere 8%, but this had jumped to 85% by the end of 1987. The first product was a locally built Daihatsu Hijet in 1984, followed by the Charade which began local assembly in 1986. [3]

Production began at a modest level, with 2873 automobiles (Charade) and 9329 minivans (Hijet) assembled in 1988, for a total of 12,202 vehicles. This increased rapidly, to an annual total of nearly 88,000 cars by 1996. [7]

Xiali taxicabs in Beijing in 2005; The fare of Xiali was 1.2 yuan per kilometer, while Citroen Fukang was 1.6 yuan per kilometer BK6980CFK on 831 and Xiali taxis at Sitongqiaodong, circa May 2005.jpg
Xiali taxicabs in Beijing in 2005; The fare of Xiali was 1.2 yuan per kilometer, while Citroën Fukang was 1.6 yuan per kilometer

Before the Toyota joint venture, Tianjin FAW produced the Tianjin Xiali TJ730 (based on the 1983 Daihatsu Charade) and then the TJ7100-TJ7131 hatchback and TJ7100U-TJ7131U sedan under the Xiali brand that was formed in August 1997. Xiali (夏利) is Chinese for "Charade". The TJ7100-series cars, based on the 1987 Charade. They were very popular in China as taxicabs throughout the 1980s and in the 1990s, the Chinese Volkswagen Jetta joined the taxi market followed by the Hyundai Sonata and Elantra in the 2000s. The Xiali taxi was retired from the taxi market in February 2006 in an effort to cut down pollution.

Production of the Daihatsu-based Xiali N3 ran from 2004 to 2012. Production at the Tianjin Xiali plant had shifted to more modern Toyota vehicles, for example the Xiali 2000 that was based on the Toyota Platz/Vitz but the production of the much cheaper Xiali outlived the Xiali 2000. Toyota also builds and sells vehicles in China under its own brand.

The Xiali brand was discontinued in 2015 and was replaced by the new brand called Junpai.

From 1984 to 2002, Tianjin FAW manufactured Hijet-based Daihatsu mini trucks in China rebranded as Huali Dafa. [9] Currently Huali offers the first generation Daihatsu Terios and second generation Daihatsu Move.

FAW Tianjin also produced the Miles ZX40, an electric version of the Daihatsu Move which became the first Chinese-built vehicle sold in the United States when it was offered in mid-2006 by Miles Automotive Group.

Models

Past

Model designation

U = sedan
A = facelift
L = long wheelbase

Former cars

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References

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  13. 1 2 "Xiali Junya/Shenya update".
  14. 1 2 "Xiali A+".
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  16. "Xiali TJ 7130 UA".
  17. "Xiali TJ 7131 U".
  18. "Xiali Vizi".
  19. "Xiali 2000 (TJ 7136 U)".
  20. "Xiali Yaku".
  21. "Xiali Vela".
  22. "Xiali N3 launch".
  23. "Xiali N3 launch in Changsha".
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  25. "Xiali Weizhi launch".
  26. "Xiali Weizhi sedan listed in 24 cities".