Lamborghini

Last updated

Automobili Lamborghini S.p.A.
Type Subsidiary
Industry Automotive
Founded1963;58 years ago (1963)
Founder Ferruccio Lamborghini
Headquarters,
Italy
Number of locations
135 dealerships
Area served
Worldwide
Key people
Stephan Winkelmann (CEO) [1]
Production output
Increase2.svg 5,750 vehicles (2018) [2]
RevenueIncrease2.svg €586 million (2014) [3]
Increase2.svg €10.1 million (2014) [3]
Total equity Increase2.svg €1.832 billion (2014) [3]
Number of employees
1,146 (2015) [3]
Parent Audi AG
Subsidiaries Ducati Motor Holding S.p.A.
Italdesign Giugiaro
Website lamborghini.com

Automobili Lamborghini S.p.A. (Italian pronunciation:  [autoˈmɔːbili lamborˈɡiːni] ) is an Italian brand and manufacturer of luxury sports cars and SUVs based in Sant'Agata Bolognese. The company is part of the Volkswagen Group through its subsidiary Audi.

Contents

Ferruccio Lamborghini, an Italian manufacturing magnate, founded Automobili Ferruccio Lamborghini S.p.A. in 1963 to compete with established marques, including Ferrari. The company was noted for using a rear mid-engine, rear-wheel drive layout. Lamborghini grew rapidly during its first decade, but sales plunged in the wake of the 1973 worldwide financial downturn and the oil crisis. The firm's ownership changed three times after 1973, including a bankruptcy in 1978. American Chrysler Corporation took control of Lamborghini in 1987 and sold it to Malaysian investment group Mycom Setdco and Indonesian group V'Power Corporation in 1994. In 1998, Mycom Setdco and V'Power sold Lamborghini to the Volkswagen Group where it was placed under the control of the group's Audi division.

New products and model lines were introduced to the brand's portfolio and brought to the market and saw an increased productivity for the brand. In the late 2000s, during the worldwide financial crisis and the subsequent economic crisis, Lamborghini's sales saw a drop of nearly 50 per cent.

Lamborghini currently produces the V12-powered Aventador and the V10-powered Huracán, along with the Urus SUV powered by a twin-turbo V8 engine. In addition, the company produces V12 engines for offshore powerboat racing. Lamborghini Trattori, founded in 1948 by Ferruccio Lamborghini, is headquartered in Pieve di Cento, Italy and continues to produce tractors.

History

Ferruccio Lamborghini with a Jarama and a tractor of his brand Ferruccio lamborghini.jpg
Ferruccio Lamborghini with a Jarama and a tractor of his brand

Manufacturing magnate Italian Ferruccio Lamborghini founded the company in 1963 with the objective of producing a refined grand touring car to compete with offerings from established marques such as Ferrari. The company's first models, such as the 350 GT, were released in the mid-1960s. Lamborghini was noted for the 1966 Miura sports coupé, which used a rear mid-engine, rear-wheel drive layout.

Lamborghini grew rapidly during its first ten years, but sales fell in the wake of the 1973 worldwide financial downturn and the oil crisis. Ferruccio Lamborghini sold the company to Georges-Henri Rossetti and René Leimer and retired in 1974. The company went bankrupt in 1978, and was placed in the receivership of brothers Jean-Claude and Patrick Mimran in 1980. The Mimrans purchased the company out of receivership by 1984 and invested heavily in its expansion. Under the Mimrans' management, Lamborghini's model line was expanded from the Countach to include the Jalpa sports car and the LM002 high-performance off-road vehicle.

The Mimrans sold Lamborghini to the Chrysler Corporation in 1987. After replacing the Countach with the Diablo and discontinuing the Jalpa and the LM002, Chrysler sold Lamborghini to Malaysian investment group Mycom Setdco and Indonesian group V'Power Corporation in 1994. In 1998, Mycom Setdco and V'Power sold Lamborghini to the Volkswagen Group where it was placed under the control of the group's Audi division. New products and model lines were introduced to the brand's portfolio and brought to the market and saw an increased productivity for the brand Lamborghini. In the late 2000s, during the worldwide financial crisis and the subsequent economic crisis, Lamborghini's sales saw a drop of nearly 50 per cent.

In 2021, the CEO of Lamborghini said that by 2024 all its models will be hybrid. [4]

Lamborghini ownership
YearsOwner
1963–1972Ferruccio Lamborghini
1972–1977Georges-Henri Rossetti and René Leimer
1977–1984Receivership
1984–1987Patrick Mimran
1987–1994Chrysler Corporation
1994–1995MegaTech
1995–1998V'Power and Mycom Sedtco
1998–presentAudi AG

Products

Automobiles

As of the 2018 model year, Lamborghini's automobile product range consists of three model lines, two of which are mid-engine two-seat sports cars while the third one is a front engined, all-wheel drive SUV. [5] The V12-powered Aventador line consists of the LP 740–4 Aventador S coupé and roadster. [6] The V10-powered Huracán line currently includes the all-wheel-drive LP 610-4 coupé and spyder, the low cost rear-wheel-drive LP 580-2 coupé and spyder and the most powerful, track oriented LP 640-4 Performanté coupé and spyder. [7] With the intention of doubling its sales volume by 2019, Lamborghini also added an SUV named Urus in its line-up which is powered by a twin-turbo V8 engine and utilises a front engine, all-wheel drive layout. [8] [9]

Marine engines

Motori Marini Lamborghini produces a large V12 marine engine block for use in World Offshore Series Class 1 powerboats. A Lamborghini branded marine engine displaces approximately 8,171 cc (8.2 L) and outputs approximately 940 hp (700 kW). [10]

Lamborghini motorcycle

In the mid-1980s, Lamborghini produced a limited-production run of a 1,000 cc sports motorcycle. UK weekly newspaper Motor Cycle News reported in 1994 – when featuring an example available through an Essex motorcycle retailer – that 24 examples were produced with a Lamborghini alloy frame having adjustable steering head angle, Kawasaki GPz1000RX engine/transmission unit, Ceriani front forks and Marvic wheels. The bodywork was plastic and fully integrated with front fairing merged into fuel tank and seat cover ending in a rear tail-fairing. The motorcycles were designed by Lamborghini stylists and produced by French business Boxer Bikes. [11]

Branded merchandise

Lamborghini licenses its brand to manufacturers that produce a variety of Lamborghini-branded consumer goods including scale models, clothing, accessories, bags, electronics [12] and laptop computers. [13]

Motorsport

Lamborghini as a Formula One engine manufacturer
Notable staff Mauro Forghieri
Formula One World Championship career
First entry 1989 Brazilian Grand Prix
Last entry 1993 Australian Grand Prix
Races entered80
Chassis Lola, Lotus, Lambo, Ligier, Minardi, Venturi, Larrousse
Constructors' Championships 0
Drivers'
Championships
0
Race victories0
Podiums1
Points20
Pole positions 0
Fastest laps 0
The Miura began as a clandestine prototype, a car that had racing pedigree in a company that was entirely against motorsport. Lamborghini miura svj spider 4808.jpg
The Miura began as a clandestine prototype, a car that had racing pedigree in a company that was entirely against motorsport.

In contrast to his rival Enzo Ferrari, Ferruccio Lamborghini had decided early on that there would be no factory-supported racing of Lamborghinis, viewing motorsport as too expensive and too draining on company resources. [14] This was unusual for the time, as many sports car manufacturers sought to demonstrate the speed, reliability, and technical superiority through motorsport participation. Enzo Ferrari in particular was known for considering his road car business mostly a source of funding for his participation in motor racing. Ferruccio's policy led to tensions between him and his engineers, many of whom were racing enthusiasts; some had previously worked at Ferrari. When Dallara, Stanzani, and Wallace began dedicating their spare time to the development of the P400 prototype, they designed it to be a road car with racing potential, one that could win on the track and also be driven on the road by enthusiasts. [15] When Ferruccio discovered the project, he allowed them to go ahead, seeing it as a potential marketing device for the company, while insisting that it would not be raced. The P400 went on to become the Miura. The closest the company came to building a true race car under Lamborghini's supervision were a few highly modified prototypes, including those built by factory test driver Bob Wallace, such as the Miura SV-based "Jota" and the Jarama S-based "Bob Wallace Special".

In the mid-1970s, while Lamborghini was under the management of Georges-Henri Rossetti, Lamborghini entered into an agreement with BMW to develop, then manufacture 400 cars for BMW in order to meet Group 4 homologation requirements. BMW lacked experience developing a mid-engined vehicle and believed that Lamborghini's experience in that area would make Lamborghini an ideal choice of partner. Due to Lamborghini's shaky finances, Lamborghini fell behind schedule developing the car's structure and running gear. When Lamborghini failed to deliver working prototypes on time, BMW took the program in house, finishing development without Lamborghini. BMW contracted with Baur to produce the car, which BMW named the M1, delivering the first vehicle in October 1978. [16] [17]

In 1985, Lamborghini's British importer developed the Countach QVX, in conjunction with Spice Engineering, for the 1986 Group C championship season. One car was built, but lack of sponsorship caused it to miss the season. The QVX competed in only one race, the non-championship 1986 Southern Suns 500 km race at Kyalami in South Africa, driven by Tiff Needell. Despite the car finishing better than it started, sponsorship could once again not be found and the programme was cancelled. [18]

The 1990 Lotus 102 featured a Lamborghini V12. Lotus-Lamborghini 102.jpg
The 1990 Lotus 102 featured a Lamborghini V12.

Lamborghini was an engine supplier in Formula One for the 1989 through 1993 Formula One seasons. It supplied engines to Larrousse (1989–1990,1992–1993), Lotus (1990), Ligier (1991), Minardi (1992), and to the Modena team in 1991. While the latter is commonly referred to as a factory team, the company saw itself as a supplier, not a backer. The 1992 Larrousse–Lamborghini was largely uncompetitive but noteworthy in its tendency to spew oil from its exhaust system. Cars following closely behind the Larrousse were commonly coloured yellowish-brown by the end of the race. [19] Lamborghini's best result was achieved with Larrousse at the 1990 Japanese Grand Prix, when Aguri Suzuki finished third on home soil. [20]

In late 1991, a Lamborghini Formula One motor was used in the Konrad KM-011 Group C sports car, but the car only lasted a few races before the project was cancelled. The same engine, re-badged a Chrysler, Lamborghini's then-parent company, was tested by McLaren towards the end of the 1993 season, with the intent of using it during the 1994 season. Although driver Ayrton Senna was reportedly impressed with the engine's performance, McLaren pulled out of negotiations, choosing a Peugeot engine instead, and Chrysler ended the project.

A Murcielago R-GT participating in the FIA GT Championship at Silverstone in 2006 Reiter Lambo.jpg
A Murcielago R-GT participating in the FIA GT Championship at Silverstone in 2006

Two racing versions of the Diablo were built for the Diablo Supertrophy, a single-model racing series held annually from 1996 to 1999. In the first year, the model used in the series was the Diablo SVR, while the Diablo 6.0 GTR was used for the remaining three years. [21] [22] Lamborghini developed the Murciélago R-GT as a production racing car to compete in the FIA GT Championship, the Super GT Championship and the American Le Mans Series in 2004. The car's highest placing in any race that year was the opening round of the FIA GT Championship at Valencia, where the car entered by Reiter Engineering finished third from a fifth-place start. [23] [24] In 2006, during the opening round of the Super GT championship at Suzuka, a car run by the Japan Lamborghini Owners Club garnered the first victory (in class) by an R-GT. A GT3 version of the Gallardo has been developed by Reiter Engineering. [25] A Murciélago R-GT entered by All-Inkl.com racing, driven by Christophe Bouchut and Stefan Mücke, won the opening round of the FIA GT Championship held at Zhuhai International Circuit, achieving the first major international race victory for Lamborghini. [26]

Complete Formula One results

(key) (results in bold indicate pole position)

YearEntrantChassisEngine(s)TyresDrivers12345678910111213141516PointsWCC
1989 Larrousse Calmels Lola LC88B
Lola LC89
Lamborghini 3512 V12 G BRA SMR MON MEX USA CAN FRA GBR GER HUN BEL ITA POR ESP JPN AUS 115th
Flag of France.svg Yannick Dalmas DNQRetDNQDNQDNQDNQ
Flag of France.svg Éric Bernard 11Ret
Flag of Italy.svg Michele Alboreto RetRetRetRet11DNPQDNQDNPQ
Flag of France.svg Philippe Alliot 12RetRetRetRetRetRetRetRetDNPQ16Ret96RetRet
1990 ESPO Larrousse F1 Lola LC89B
Lola LC90
Lamborghini 3512 V12 G USA BRA SMR MON CAN MEX FRA GBR GER HUN BEL ITA POR ESP JPN AUS 116th
Flag of France.svg Éric Bernard 8Ret1369Ret84Ret69RetRetRetRetRet
Flag of Japan.svg Aguri Suzuki RetRetRetRet12Ret76RetRetRetRet1463Ret
Camel Team Lotus Lotus 102 Lamborghini V12 G
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Derek Warwick RetRet7Ret61011Ret8511RetRetRetRetRet38th
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Martin Donnelly DNSRet8RetRet812RetRet712RetRetDNS
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Johnny Herbert RetRet
1991 Equipe Ligier Gitanes Ligier JS35
Ligier JS35B
Lamborghini 3512
V12
G USA BRA SMR MON CAN MEX FRA GBR GER HUN BEL ITA POR ESP JPN AUS 0NC
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Thierry Boutsen RetRet77Ret812Ret91711Ret16Ret9Ret
Flag of France.svg Érik Comas DNQRet10108DNQ11DNQRet10Ret1111RetRet18
Modena Team SpA Lambo 291 Lamborghini L3512 V12 G Flag of Italy.svg Nicola Larini 7DNPQDNPQDNPQDNPQDNPQDNPQDNPQRet16DNQ16DNQDNQDNQRet0NC
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Eric van de Poele DNPQDNPQ9DNPQDNPQDNPQDNPQDNPQDNQDNQDNQDNQDNQDNQDNQDNQ
1992 Central Park Venturi Larrousse Venturi LC92 Lamborghini 3512 V12 G RSA MEX BRA ESP SMR MON CAN FRA GBR GER HUN BEL ITA POR JPN AUS 111th
Flag of France.svg Bertrand Gachot Ret11RetRetRet6DSQRetRet14Ret18RetRetRetRet
Flag of Japan.svg Ukyo Katayama 12129DNQRetDNPQRetRetRetRetRet179Ret11Ret
Minardi Team M191B
M191L
M192
Lamborghini 3512 3.5 V12 G Flag of Brazil.svg Christian Fittipaldi RetRetRet11Ret813DNQDNQDNQ1269112th
Flag of Italy.svg Alessandro Zanardi DNQRetDNQ
Flag of Italy.svg Gianni Morbidelli RetRet7RetRetRet1181712DNQ16Ret141410
1993 Larrousse F1 Larrousse LH93 Lamborghini 3512 V12 G RSA BRA EUR SMR ESP MON CAN FRA GBR GER HUN BEL ITA POR JPN AUS 310th
Flag of France.svg Philippe Alliot Ret7Ret5Ret12Ret91112812910
Flag of Japan.svg Toshio Suzuki 1214
Flag of France.svg Érik Comas Ret109Ret9Ret816RetRetRetRet611Ret12

Marketing

Brand identity

The Lamborghini wordmark, as displayed on the back of its cars Lamborghini logotype.jpg
The Lamborghini wordmark, as displayed on the back of its cars

The world of bullfighting is a key part of Lamborghini's identity. [27] [28] [29] In 1962, Ferruccio Lamborghini visited the Seville ranch of Don Eduardo Miura, a renowned breeder of Spanish fighting bulls. Lamborghini, a Taurus himself, was so impressed by the majestic Miura animals that he decided to adopt a raging bull as the emblem for the automaker he would open shortly. [30]

Vehicle nomenclature

After producing two cars with alphanumeric designations, Lamborghini once again turned to the bull breeder for inspiration. Don Eduardo was filled with pride when he learned that Ferruccio had named a car for his family and their line of bulls; the fourth Miura to be produced was unveiled to him at his ranch in Seville. [30] [31]

The automaker would continue to draw upon the bullfighting connection in future years. The Islero was named for the Miura bull that killed the famed bullfighter Manolete in 1947. Espada is the Spanish word for sword, sometimes used to refer to the bullfighter himself. The Jarama's name carried a special double meaning; though it was intended to refer only to the historic bullfighting region in Spain, Ferruccio was concerned about confusion with the also historic Jarama motor racing track. [32]

The Diablo (background) was named for a legendary bull, while the Countach (foreground) broke from the bullfighting tradition. Lamborghini Diablo SV and Countach.jpg
The Diablo (background) was named for a legendary bull, while the Countach (foreground) broke from the bullfighting tradition.

After christening the Urraco after a bull breed, in 1974, Lamborghini broke from tradition, naming the Countach ( Loudspeaker.svg pronunciation  ) not for a bull, [33] but for contacc (pronounced  [kʊŋˈtɑtʃ] ), a Piedmontese expletive. [33] Legend has it that stylist Nuccio Bertone uttered the word in surprise when he first saw the Countach prototype, "Project 112". [34] The LM002 (LM for Lamborghini Militaire) sport utility vehicle and the Silhouette (named after the popular racing category of the time) were other exceptions to the tradition.

The Jalpa of 1982 was named for a bull breed; Diablo, for the Duke of Veragua's ferocious bull famous for fighting an epic battle against El Chicorro in Madrid in 1869; [35] [36] [37] Murciélago, the legendary bull whose life was spared by El Lagartijo for his performance in 1879; Gallardo, named for one of the five ancestral castes of the Spanish fighting bull breed; [38] and Reventón, the bull that defeated young Mexican torero Félix Guzmán in 1943. The Estoque concept of 2008 was named for the estoc, the sword traditionally used by matadors during bullfights. [39]

Concept vehicles

Throughout its history, Lamborghini has envisioned and presented a variety of concept cars, beginning in 1963 with the very first Lamborghini prototype, the 350GTV. Other famous models include Bertone's 1967 Marzal, 1974 Bravo, and 1980 Athon, Chrysler's 1987 Portofino, the Italdesign-styled Cala from 1995, the Zagato-built Raptor from 1996.

A retro-styled Lamborghini Miura concept car, the first creation of chief designer Walter de'Silva, was presented in 2006. President and CEO Stephan Winkelmann denied that the concept would be put into production, saying that the Miura concept was "a celebration of our history, but Lamborghini is about the future. Retro design is not what we are here for. So we won’t do the [new] Miura.” [40]

The Estoque, a 2008 sedan concept Lamborghini Estoque 2.JPG
The Estoque, a 2008 sedan concept

At the 2008 Paris Motor Show, Lamborghini revealed the Estoque, a four-door sedan concept. Although there had been much speculation regarding the Estoque's eventual production, [41] [42] Lamborghini management has not made a decision regarding production of what might be the first four-door car to roll out of the Sant'Agata factory. [43]

The Concept S, a Gallardo derivative Lamborghini Concept s.jpg
The Concept S, a Gallardo derivative

At the 2010 Paris Motor Show, Lamborghini unveiled the Sesto Elemento. The concept car is made almost entirely of carbon fibre making it extremely light, with a weight of 999 kg (2,202 lb). The Sesto Elemento shares the same V10 engine found in the Lamborghini Gallardo. Lamborghini hopes to signal a shift in the company's direction from making super cars focused on top speed to producing more agile, track focused cars with the Sesto Elemento. The concept car can reach 0–62 mph (100 km/h) in 2.5 seconds and can reach a top speed of over 180 mph. [44]

At the 2012 Geneva Motor Show, Lamborghini unveiled the Aventador J – a roofless, windowless version of the Lamborghini Aventador. The Aventador J uses the same 700 hp engine and seven-speed transmission as the standard Aventador. [45]

At the 2012 Beijing Motor Show, Lamborghini unveiled the Urus SUV. This is the first SUV built by Lamborghini since the LM002.

As part of the celebration of 50 years of Lamborghini, the company created the Egoista. Egoista is for one person's driving and only one Egoista is to be made. [46]

At the 2014 Paris Motor Show, Lamborghini unveiled the Asterion LPI910-4 hybrid concept car. Named after the half-man, half-bull hybrid (Minotaur) of Greek legend, it is the first hybrid Lamborghini in the history of the company. Utilizing the Huracán's 5.2 litre V10 producing 607 hp (453 kW; 615 PS), along with one electric motor mounted on the transaxle and an additional two on the front axle, developing an additional 300 hp (224 kW; 304 PS). This puts the power at a combined figure of 907 hp (676 kW; 920 PS). The 0–100 km/h (62 mph) time is claimed to be just above 3 seconds, with a claimed top speed of 185 mph (298 km/h). [47]

Corporate affairs

Structure

As of 2011, Lamborghini is structured as a wholly-owned subsidiary of Audi AG named Automobili Lamborghini S.p.A. [Notes 1] [48]

Automobili Lamborghini S.p.A. controls five principal subsidiaries: Ducati Motor Holding S.p.A., a manufacturer of motorcycles; Italdesign Giugiaro S.p.A., a 90.1%-owned design and prototyping firm that provides services to the entire Volkswagen Group; MML S.p.A. (Motori Marini Lamborghini), a manufacturer of marine engine blocks; and Volkswagen Group Italia S.p.A. (formerly Autogerma S.p.A.), which sells Audi and other Volkswagen Group vehicles in Italy. [48] [49]

The Lamborghini headquarters and main production site is located in Sant'Agata Bolognese, Italy. With the launch of its Urus SUV, the production site expanded from 80,000 to 160,000 square meters. [50]

On 13 November 2020, Stephan Winkelmann, current President of Bugatti, was appointed to be the new CEO of Lamborghini. He takes up his new position as of December 1, 2020. [1]

Sales results

Lamborghini Gallardo coupe (Japan) Lamborghini Gallardo LP560-4 - 009.jpg
Lamborghini Gallardo coupe (Japan)

By sales, the most important markets in 2004 for Lamborghini's sports cars were the U.S. (41%), Germany (13%), Great Britain (9%) and Japan (8%). Prior to the launch of the Gallardo in 2003, Lamborghini produced approximately 400 vehicles per year; in 2011 Lamborghini produced 1,711 vehicles. [51]

Annual Lamborghini new car sales
YearSales
1968 [52] 353
Data missing
1991 [53] 673
1992 [53] 166
1993 [53] 215
Data missing
1996 [54] 211
1997 [53] 209
Data missing
1999 [55] 265
YearSales
2000 [56] 296
2001 [57] 297
2002 [58] 424
2003 [59] 1,305
2004 [59] 1,592
2005 [60] 1,600
2006 [61] 2,087
2007 [62] 2,406
2008 [63] 2,430
2009 [64] 1,515
YearSales
2010 [65] 1,302
2011 [66] 1,602
2012 [67] 2,083
2013 [68] 2,121
2014 [69] 2,530
2015 [70] 3,245
2016 [71] 3,457
2017 [72] 3,815
2018 [73] 5,750
2019 [74] 8,205
Annual Lamborghini new car sales
Lamborghini

Licensing

Automóviles Lamborghini Latinoamérica

Automóviles Lamborghini Latinoamérica S.A. de C.V. (Lamborghini Automobiles of Latin America Public Limited Company) is an authorized distributor and manufacturer of Lamborghini-branded vehicles and merchandise in Latin America and South America. [75]

In 1995, Indonesian corporation MegaTech, Lamborghini's owner at the time, entered into distribution and license agreements with Mexican businessman Jorge Antonio Fernandez Garcia. The agreements give Automóviles Lamborghini Latinoamérica S.A. de C.V. the exclusive distributorship of Lamborghini vehicles and branded merchandise in Latin America and South America. Under the agreements, Automóviles Lamborghini is also allowed to manufacture Lamborghini vehicles and market them worldwide under the Lamborghini brand. [75]

Automóviles Lamborghini has produced two rebodied versions of the Diablo called the Eros and the Coatl. In 2015, Automóviles Lamborghini transferred the IP-rights to the Coatl foundation (chamber of commerce no. 63393700) in The Netherlands in order to secure these rights and to make them more marketable. [76] The company has announced the production of a speedboat called the Lamborghini Glamour. [77]

Museo Lamborghini

Museo Lamborghini Museo Lamborghini (Sant'Agata Bolognese, Bologna, Italy) 003.jpg
Museo Lamborghini

This two-storey museum is attached to the headquarters, and covers the history of Lamborghini cars and sport utility vehicles, showcasing a variety of modern and vintage models. The museum uses displays of cars, engines and photos to provide a history and review important milestones of Lamborghini.

Museo Ferruccio Lamborghini

A 9,000 square-foot museum about Ferruccio Lamborghini houses several cars, industrial prototypes, sketches, personal objects and family photos from Ferruccio's early life. [78]

See also

Notes

  1. According to Audi AG's 2011 Annual Financial Report, on 1 July 2011, Automobili Lamborghini S.p.A., Lamborghini AntiMarca S.p.A. and STAR Design S.R.L. were merged into Automobili Lamborghini Holding S.p.A., which was renamed Automobili Lamborghini S.p.A. (S.p.A. stands for Società per Azioni, the Italian designation for a joint stock company. S.R.L. stands for Società a Responsabilità Limitata, the Italian designation for a private limited company).

Citations

  1. 1 2 https://luxus-plus.com/en/stephan-winkelmann-appointed-as-ceo-of-lamborghini/
  2. "Record figures take Automobili Lamborghini to a new level: 5,750 cars delivered in 2018". Lamborghini Media Center. 10 January 2019.
  3. 1 2 3 4 "2015 Annual Financial Report". Audi. Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 December 2018. Retrieved 16 October 2016.
  4. Business, Peter Valdes-Dapena, CNN. "Every Lamborghini will have an electric motor by 2024". CNN. Retrieved 18 May 2021.
  5. "New Lamborghini Cars". Yahoo Autos. Retrieved 16 February 2018.
  6. "2018 Lamborghini Aventador S". Lamborghini. Retrieved 16 February 2018.
  7. "Huracán Line up". Lamborghini. Retrieved 7 July 2016.
  8. "Lamborghini sees worldwide sales doubling by 2019 after SUV launch" . Retrieved 25 August 2016.
  9. "Lamborghini Urus". Lamborghini. Retrieved 16 February 2018.
  10. "Introducing the Class 1 Championship — The Engines".
  11. Motor Cycle News 23 March 1994 p.5 Car-vaceous Lamborghini up for sale. Accessed and added 7 October 2014
  12. "Terms and Conditions". Lamborghini Store. EPI srl. Archived from the original on 29 August 2012. Retrieved 4 August 2012. EPI srl is an official licensee of Automobili Lamborghini S.p.A.
  13. "ASUS-Automobili Lamborghini VX7SX | Laptops". ASUS Global.
  14. "Lamborghini Miura P400 Conversion to Miura SV". www.lamborghinimiuras.com. Retrieved 19 September 2017.
  15. Jolliffe & Willard 2004, p. 29.
  16. Lewin 2004, pp. 119–120.
  17. Mitchel 2005, p. 219.
  18. "Lamborghini QVX Car Guide". Qv500.com. Archived from the original on 24 June 2009. Retrieved 30 August 2010.
  19. "Lamborghini". NCE. 29 May 2012. Retrieved 19 September 2017.
  20. Alan Henry (12 June 2004). "Sato shapes as the rising son". The Guardian .
  21. "Lamborghini Diablo SVR". Qv500.com. Archived from the original on 2 March 2010. Retrieved 30 August 2010.
  22. "Lamborghini Diablo 6.0 GTR Car Guide". Qv500.com. Archived from the original on 2 March 2010. Retrieved 30 August 2010.
  23. "Lamborghini Murciélago R-GT Car Guide". Qv500.com. Archived from the original on 2 March 2010. Retrieved 30 August 2010.
  24. "Lamborghini Murciélago R-GT 2004 Season". Qv500.com. Archived from the original on 23 April 2009. Retrieved 30 August 2010.
  25. "Lamborghini Gallardo GT3 Car Guide". Qv500.com. Archived from the original on 10 June 2010. Retrieved 30 August 2010.
  26. "FIA GT Championship Results: 2007 Round 1 – Zhuhai". Fiagt.com. Archived from the original on 3 January 2010. Retrieved 30 August 2010.
  27. Cockerham, Paul W. Lamborghini: the spirit of the bull Tiger Books, 1997
  28. Schleifer, Jay. Lamborghini: Italy's raging bull Crestwood House, 1993
  29. Lieberman, Jonny (12 September 2007). "The Baddest Bull: Lamborghini Miura Vs Countach Vs Murcielago LP640". Jalopnik. Gawker Media. Archived from the original on 27 September 2012. Retrieved 4 August 2012.
  30. 1 2 Sackey 2008, p. 15.
  31. Jolliffe & Willard 2004, p. 31.
  32. Jolliffe & Willard 2004, p. 43.
  33. 1 2 "Countach LP500". Lamborghiniregistry.com. Archived from the original on 12 November 2004. Retrieved 30 August 2010.
  34. Lawrence 1996, p. 183.
  35. Jolliffe & Willard 2004, p. 90.
  36. Mark Smeyers (2006). "Diablo" (PDF). lambocars.com. Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 May 2011. Retrieved 24 May 2010.
  37. "Lamborghini Diablo 6.0VT". Classicandperformancecar.com. 30 March 2009. Retrieved 16 August 2009.
  38. "Gallardo – The Name". Lamborghiniregistry.com. 22 November 2003. Archived from the original on 14 March 2008. Retrieved 21 January 2010.
  39. Stahl, Andreas (1 October 2008). "Edmunds Inside Line – Lamborghini Estoque Concept First Look". Edmunds. Archived from the original on 21 March 2009.
  40. "Lambo plans: Espada, Miura out, SUV in". AutoWeek. 19 October 2006.
  41. "Secret new Lambo revealed". Top Gear. Retrieved 30 August 2010.
  42. "Edmunds Inside Line – The Radical Lamborghini Sedan From the Paris Auto Show". Edmunds.com. 30 September 2008. Archived from the original on 21 March 2009. Retrieved 30 August 2010.
  43. "Edmunds Inside Line – IL Exclusive: No Green Light – Yet – for Lamborghini Estoque". Edmunds.com. 23 March 2009. Archived from the original on 27 March 2009. Retrieved 30 August 2010.
  44. "Paris 2010: Lamborghini Sesto Elemento". Top Gear. 30 September 2010. Retrieved 30 September 2010.
  45. "Lamborghini Aventador J Blends Exotic, Superbike". Automoblog.net. 6 March 2012. Retrieved 8 March 2012.
  46. "Lamborghini Egoista Concept". thecarwallpapers.com. 16 May 2013. Retrieved 17 May 2013.
  47. Barlow, Jason (1 October 2014). "It's the 907bhp Lambo Asterion Hybrid". topgear.com. Retrieved 1 October 2014.
  48. 1 2 Audi AG 2011a, p. 62.
  49. Audi AG 2012b, p. 24.
  50. "The new Lamborghini factory in Sant'Agata Bolognese". Volkswagen AG. Retrieved 11 June 2020.
  51. Audi AG 2012a, p. 152.
  52. Jolliffe & Willard 2004, p. 40.
  53. 1 2 3 4 "Automobili Lamborghini Holding S.p.A. Company History" . Retrieved 13 August 2009.
  54. "Lamborghini Reports Record Figures". carpages.co.uk. 21 February 2004. Archived from the original on 2 March 2012. Retrieved 3 August 2012. In 1996, Automobili Lamborghini sold a total of 211 cars worldwide.
  55. Volkswagen AG 2000, p. 50.
  56. Volkswagen AG 2001, p. 23.
  57. Volkswagen AG 2002, p. 24.
  58. Audi AG 2003, p. 3.
  59. 1 2 Audi AG 2004, p. 5.
  60. Audi AG 2006, p. 3.
  61. Audi AG 2007, p. 4.
  62. Audi AG 2008, p. 4.
  63. Audi AG 2009, p. 4.
  64. Audi AG 2010, p. 4.
  65. Audi AG 2011, p. 151.
  66. Audi AG 2012, p. 154.
  67. "fy2012". Archived from the original on 4 October 2013.
  68. "Lamborghini increases worldwide sales for the third year in a row to 2,121 cars delivered to customers". Volkswagen AG. 13 January 2014. Archived from the original on 31 October 2014. Retrieved 12 June 2014.
  69. "Record Year for Automobili Lamborghini: Deliveries increased to 2,530 units in 2014". Lamborghini. 12 January 2015. Archived from the original on 15 January 2015. Retrieved 12 January 2015.
  70. "Automobili Lamborghini makes 2015 the best year in company history". Lamborghini. 3 March 2016. Archived from the original on 24 July 2016. Retrieved 11 July 2016.
  71. "Volkswagen Group deliveries". 24 February 2017. Retrieved 8 November 2017.
  72. "Volkswagen Group deliveries". 10 October 2018. Retrieved 10 October 2018.
  73. "Volkswagen Group deliveries". 8 February 2019. Retrieved 8 February 2019.
  74. "Automobili Lamborghini continues its global growth and marks new historic highs: 8,205 cars delivered in 2019". 14 January 2020. Retrieved 9 February 2020.
  75. 1 2 Automóviles Lamborghini Latinoamérica S.A. de C.V 1995.
  76. "Sitio Oficial". Lamborghini Latinoamerica. Archived from the original on 9 March 2017. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  77. "Sitio Oficial". Lamborghini Latinoamerica. Archived from the original on 2 January 2014. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  78. "MUSEO FERRUCCIO LAMBORGHINI". lambocars.com. Retrieved 3 September 2019.

Related Research Articles

Volkswagen Group German automotive manufacturing conglomerate

Volkswagen AG, known internationally as the Volkswagen Group, is a German multinational automotive manufacturing corporation headquartered in Wolfsburg, Lower Saxony, Germany and owned by Porsche SE, part of the Austrian-German Porsche and Piëch family. It designs, manufactures and distributes passenger and commercial vehicles, motorcycles, engines, and turbomachinery and offers related services including financing, leasing and fleet management. In 2016, it was the world's largest automaker by sales, overtaking Toyota and keeping this title in 2017, 2018 and 2019, selling 10.9 million vehicles. It has maintained the largest market share in Europe for over two decades. It ranked seventh in the 2018 Fortune Global 500 list of the world's largest companies.

Lamborghini Murciélago Sports car produced by Lamborghini

The Lamborghini Murciélago is a sports car produced by Italian automotive manufacturer Lamborghini between 2001 and 2009. Successor to the Diablo and flagship V12 of the automaker's lineup, the Murciélago was introduced as a coupé in 2001. The car was first available in North America for the 2002 model year. The manufacturer's first new design in eleven years, the car was also the brand's first new model under the ownership of German parent company Audi, which is owned by Volkswagen. The Murciélago is designed by Peruvian-born Belgian Luc Donckerwolke, Lamborghini's head of design from 1998 to 2005.

Lamborghini Diablo V12 flagship sports car manufactured by Italian automobile manufacturer Lamborghini as a successor to the Countach

The Lamborghini Diablo is a high-performance mid-engine sports car built by Italian automotive manufacturer Lamborghini between 1990 and 2001. It is the first production Lamborghini capable of attaining a top speed in excess of 320 kilometres per hour (200 mph). After the end of its production run in 2001, the Diablo was replaced by the Lamborghini Murciélago. The name Diablo means "devil" in Spanish.

Lamborghini Miura Motor vehicle

The Lamborghini Miura is a sports car produced by Italian automaker Lamborghini between 1966 and 1973. The car was the first supercar with a rear mid-engined two-seat layout, although the concept was first seen in a production road car with René Bonnet's Matra Djet, introduced in 1964. This layout has since become the standard for high-performance sports and supercars. When released, it was the fastest production road car.

Lamborghini Gallardo Sports car produced by Lamborghini

The Lamborghini Gallardo is a sports car built by the Italian automotive manufacturer Lamborghini from 2003 to 2013. It is Lamborghini's best-selling model with 14,022 built throughout its production run. Named after a famous breed of fighting bull, the V10 powered Gallardo has been Lamborghini's sales leader and stable-mate to a succession of V12 flagship models—first to the Murciélago, then to the current flagship, the Aventador. On 25 November 2013, the last Gallardo was rolled off the production line. The Gallardo was replaced by the Huracán in 2014.

Lamborghini V10 Motor vehicle engine

The Lamborghini V10 is a ninety degree (90°) V10 petrol engine which was developed for the Lamborghini Gallardo automobile, first sold in 2003.

Lamborghini V12 Motor vehicle engine

The Lamborghini V12 refers to the flagship V12 engine used by Lamborghini. Lamborghini has had two generations of V12 engines through their history, both of which were developed in-house. The first-generation Lamborghini V12 was a sixty degree (60°) V12 petrol engine designed by Lamborghini, and was the first internal combustion engine ever produced by the firm.

Geneva Motor Show Annual Swiss auto show

The Geneva International Motor Show is an annual auto show held in March in the Swiss city of Geneva. The show is hosted at the Palexpo, a convention centre located next to the Geneva Cointrin International Airport. The Salon is organised by the Organisation Internationale des Constructeurs d'Automobiles, and is considered an important major international auto show.

Italdesign Giugiaro

Italdesign Giugiaro S.p.A. is a design and engineering company and brand based in Moncalieri, Italy, that traces its roots to the 1968 foundation of Studi Italiani Realizzazione Prototipi S.p.A. by Giorgetto Giugiaro and Aldo Mantovani. Best known for its automobile design work, Italdesign also offers product design, project management, styling, packaging, engineering, modeling, prototyping and testing services to manufacturers worldwide. As of 2010, Italdesign employs 800 people.

Luc Donckerwolke is a Belgian automotive designer and the chief creative officer at Genesis and Ioniq. Prior to the Hyundai Motor Group, he was the design director at Volkswagen Group's Bentley, Lamborghini, Škoda, and Audi.

Ferruccio Lamborghini Italian industrialist

Ferruccio Lamborghini was an Italian industrialist. In 1963, he created Automobili Lamborghini, a maker of high-end sports cars in Sant'Agata Bolognese.

<i>Evo</i> (magazine)

Evo is a British automobile magazine dedicated to performance cars, from hot hatches to supercars.

Lamborghini Islero Motor vehicle

The Lamborghini Islero is a grand tourer produced by Italian automaker Lamborghini between 1968 and 1969. It was the replacement for the 400 GT and featured the Lamborghini V12 engine. The car debuted at the 1968 Geneva Auto Show.

Lamborghini 350GTV Motor vehicle

The Lamborghini 350 GTV was a Lamborghini prototype and forerunner of the automaker's first production model, the 350 GT. It was first presented to the public at the 1963 Turin Auto Show.

Ducati is a group of companies, best known for manufacturing motorcycles and headquartered in Borgo Panigale, Bologna, Italy. The group is owned by German automotive manufacturer Audi through its Italian subsidiary Lamborghini, which is in turn owned by the Volkswagen Group.

Reiter Engineering

Reiter Engineering GmbH & Co Kg is a German racing team founded in 1994. The company is named after engineer and founder Hans Reiter. In 2000, Reiter entered a Lamborghini in the FIA GT Championship with its own Diablo GT built by the team. In 2003 the Diablo GT was replaced by the newer Lamborghini Murciélago R-GT, with increased development from Audi Sport, before also becoming the constructor of the Gallardo and Camaro GT3s for the FIA GT3 European Championship and later the ADAC GT Masters. Besides running the factory squads in their respective championships Reiter also builds and sells its cars to other teams for various uses.

Lamborghini Aventador Sports car produced by Lamborghini

The Lamborghini Aventador is a mid-engine sports car produced by the Italian automotive manufacturer Lamborghini. In keeping with Lamborghini tradition, the Aventador is named after a Spanish fighting bull.

Stephan Winkelmann German businessman

Stephan Winkelmann is a German manager and has been President of Bugatti Automobiles since January 1, 2018 and also President and CEO of Automobili Lamborghini S.p.A. since December 1, 2020.

Lamborghini Huracán 2014 V10 sports car

The Lamborghini Huracán is a sports car manufactured by Italian automotive manufacturer Lamborghini replacing the previous V10 offering, the Gallardo. The Huracán made its worldwide debut at the 2014 Geneva Auto Show, and was released in the market in the second quarter of 2014. The LP 610-4 designation comes from the car having a 610 metric horsepower and 4 wheel drive, while LP stands for "Longitudinale Posteriore", which refers to the longitudinal mid-rear engine position.

History of Lamborghini Aspect of history

Automobili Lamborghini S.p.A. is an Italian brand and manufacturer of luxury automobiles. Lamborghini's production facility and headquarters are located in Sant'Agata Bolognese, Italy. Italian manufacturing magnate Ferruccio Lamborghini founded the company in 1963 with the objective of producing a refined grand touring car to compete with offerings from established marques such as Ferrari. The company's first models were introduced in the mid-1960s and were noted for their refinement, power and comfort. Lamborghini gained wide acclaim in 1966 for the Miura sports coupé, which established rear mid-engine, rear wheel drive as the standard layout for high-performance cars of the era.

References

Corporate documents