Volkswagen Group

Last updated

Volkswagen AG
Type Public
FWB:  VOW, VOW3
DAX Component (VOW3)
ISIN DE0007664005
Industry Automotive
Founded Berlin, Germany
(28 May 1937;84 years ago (1937-05-28))
Headquarters,
Germany
Number of locations
100 production facilities across 27 countries
Area served
Worldwide
Key people
Hans Dieter Pötsch (Chairman of the Supervisory Board)
Herbert Diess (Chairman of the Board of Management) [1]
Products Automobiles, commercial vehicles, internal combustion engines, motorcycles, turbomachinery
Production output
Decrease2.svg 8,900,000 (2020) [2]
Brands
Designing facilities:
Services Banking, financing, fleet management, insurance, leasing [4]
RevenueDecrease2.svg 222.884 billion
Decrease2.svg (US$254.6 billion) (2020) [2]
Decrease2.svg €11.667 billion (2020) [2]
Decrease2.svg €8.334 billion (2020) [2]
Total assets Increase2.svg €497.114 billion (2020) [2]
Total equity Increase2.svg €127.049 billion (2020) [2]
Owners
  • Porsche SE: 31.4% of equity, 53.3% of votes (as of 31 December 2020) [2]
  • State of Lower Saxony: 11.8% of equity, 20% of votes (as of 31 December 2020) [2]
  • QIA: 14.6% of equity, 17% of votes (as of 31 December 2020) [2]
Number of employees
Increase2.svg 307,342
(salaried employees) (2020) [2]
Subsidiaries
Transportation: [3]
Financial services:
  • Lamborghini Financial Services
    Bentley Financial Services
    Volkswagen Financial Services AG
    Volkswagen Leasing GmbH
    Porsche Financial Services
    Volkswagen Immobilien
Logistics:
  • Volkswagen Group Fleet International
    Volkswagen Group Supply
    Volkswagen Air Service
Industrial:
  • Volkswagen Industrial Motor
International:
Website volkswagenag.com

Volkswagen AG (German: [ˈfɔlksˌvaːgn̩] ), known internationally as the Volkswagen Group, is a German multinational automotive manufacturing corporation headquartered in Wolfsburg, Lower Saxony, Germany and owned by Porsche SE, part of the Austrian-German Porsche and Piëch family. It designs, manufactures and distributes passenger and commercial vehicles, motorcycles, engines, and turbomachinery and offers related services including financing, leasing and fleet management. In 2016, it was the world's largest automaker by sales, overtaking Toyota and keeping this title in 2017, 2018 and 2019, selling 10.9 million vehicles. [5] It has maintained the largest market share in Europe for over two decades. [6] It ranked seventh in the 2018 Fortune Global 500 list of the world's largest companies. [7]

Contents

The Volkswagen Group sells passenger cars under the Audi, Bentley, Bugatti, Lamborghini, Porsche, SEAT, Škoda and Volkswagen marques; light commercial vehicles under the Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles brand; motorcycles under the Ducati brand; and heavy commercial vehicles via the marques of listed subsidiary Traton: MAN, Scania, and Volkswagen Caminhões e Ônibus. It is divided into two primary divisions—the Automotive Division and the Financial Services Division—and as of 2008 had approximately 342 subsidiary companies. [8] Volkswagen also has two major joint-ventures in China (FAW-Volkswagen and SAIC Volkswagen). The company has operations in approximately 150 countries and operates 100 production facilities across 27 countries.

Volkswagen was founded in 1937, to manufacture the car which would become known as the Beetle. The company's production grew rapidly in the 1950s and 1960s, and in 1965 it acquired Auto Union, which subsequently produced the first post-war Audi models. Volkswagen launched a new generation of front-wheel drive vehicles in the 1970s, including the Passat, Polo and Golf; the last became its bestseller. Volkswagen acquired a controlling stake in SEAT in 1986, making it the first non-German marque of the company, and first acquired control of Škoda in 1994, then of Bentley, Lamborghini and Bugatti in 1998, then of Ducati, MAN and Porsche in 2012 and finally of Traton in 2013. The company's operations in China have grown rapidly in the past decade with the country becoming its largest market. Since 1 January 2021, the Lower Saxony state owns a 20% share of Volkswagen.

Volkswagen Aktiengesellschaft is a public company and has a primary listing on the Frankfurt Stock Exchange, where it is a constituent of the Euro Stoxx 50 stock market index, and secondary listings on the Luxembourg Stock Exchange and SIX Swiss Exchange. It has been traded in the United States via American depositary receipts since 1988, currently on the OTC Marketplace. Volkswagen delisted from the London Stock Exchange in 2013. [9] [10] The government of Lower Saxony holds 12.7% of the company's shares, granting it, by law, 20% of the voting rights. [11]

History

26 May 1938: Laying the foundation stone of the first Volkswagen plant by Adolf Hitler. In the front right is Ferdinand Porsche. Bundesarchiv Bild 183-H06734, Grundsteinlegung fur Werk des KdF-Wagens.jpg
26 May 1938: Laying the foundation stone of the first Volkswagen plant by Adolf Hitler. In the front right is Ferdinand Porsche.

1937 to 1945

Volkswagen ("People's car" in German) was founded on 28 May 1937 in Berlin as the Gesellschaft zur Vorbereitung des Deutschen Volkswagens mbH ("Limited Liability Company for the preparation of the German People's Car", abbreviated to Gezuvor) by the National Socialist Deutsche Arbeitsfront (German Labour Front). [12] [13] [14] The purpose of the company was to manufacture the Volkswagen car, originally referred to as the Porsche Type 60, then the Volkswagen Type 1, and commonly called the Volkswagen Beetle. [15] This vehicle was designed by Ferdinand Porsche's consulting firm, and the company was backed by the support of Adolf Hitler. [16] On 16 September 1938, Gezuvor was renamed Volkswagenwerk GmbH ("Volkswagen Factory limited liability company"). [12]

Shortly after the factory near Fallersleben was completed, World War II started and the plant primarily manufactured the military Kübelwagen (Porsche Type 82) and the related amphibious Schwimmwagen (Type 166), both of which were derived from the Volkswagen. Only a small number of Type 60 Volkswagens were made during this time. The Fallersleben plant also manufactured the V-1 flying bomb, making the plant a major bombing target for the Allied forces.

1945 to 1970

A 1951 Volkswagen Beetle VW Export, Bj. 1951.jpg
A 1951 Volkswagen Beetle

After the war in Europe, in June 1945, Major Ivan Hirst [15] of the British Army Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers (REME) took control of the bomb-shattered factory, and restarted production, pending the expected disposal of the plant as war reparations. However, no British car manufacturer was interested; "the vehicle does not meet the fundamental technical requirement of a motor-car ... it is quite unattractive to the average buyer ... To build the car commercially would be a completely uneconomic enterprise". [17] In 1948, the Ford Motor Company of USA was offered Volkswagen, but Ernest Breech, a Ford executive vice president said he didn't think either the plant or the car was "worth a damn". [18] Breech later said that he would have considered merging Ford of Germany and Volkswagen, but after the war, ownership of the company was in such dispute that nobody could possibly hope to be able to take it over. As part of the Industrial plans for Germany, large parts of German industry, including Volkswagen, were to be dismantled. Total German car production was set at a maximum of 10% of the 1936 car production numbers. [19] The company survived by producing cars for the British Army, and in 1948 the British Government handed the company back over to the German state, and it was managed by former Opel chief Heinrich Nordhoff.

The Audi F103, in production from 1965 to 1972 Audi 75 in Rothenburg.jpg
The Audi F103, in production from 1965 to 1972

Production of the Type 60 Volkswagen (re-designated Type 1) started slowly after the war due to the need to rebuild the plant and because of the lack of raw materials, but production grew rapidly in the 1950s and 1960s. The company began introducing new models based on the Type 1, all with the same basic air-cooled, rear-engine, rear-drive platform. These included the Volkswagen Type 2 in 1950, the Volkswagen Karmann Ghia in 1955, the Volkswagen Type 3 in 1961, the Volkswagen Type 4 in 1968, and the Volkswagen Type 181 in 1969.

In 1960, upon the flotation of part of the German federal government's stake in the company on the German stock market, its name became Volkswagenwerk Aktiengesellschaft (usually abbreviated to Volkswagenwerk AG).

On 1 January 1965, Volkswagenwerk acquired Auto Union GmbH from its parent company Daimler-Benz. The new subsidiary went on to produce the first post-war Audi models, the Audi F103 series, shortly afterwards. [20]

Another German manufacturer, NSU Motorenwerke AG, was merged into Auto Union on 26 August 1969, creating a new company, Audi NSU Auto Union AG (later renamed AUDI AG in 1985). [20]

1970 to 2000

A Volkswagen Golf Mk1; the Golf is the third best-selling car of all-time, selling over 30 million up to 2013 VW Golf I Facelift front 20081209.jpg
A Volkswagen Golf Mk1; the Golf is the third best-selling car of all-time, selling over 30 million up to 2013

From the late 1970s to 1992, the acronym V.A.G was used by Volkswagen AG as a brand for group-wide activities, such as distribution and leasing. Contrary to popular belief, "V.A.G" had no official meaning, and was never the formal name of the Volkswagen Group. [21]

On 30 September 1982, Volkswagenwerk made its first step expanding outside Germany by signing a co-operation agreement with the Spanish car manufacturer SEAT, S.A. [20]

In order to reflect the company's increasing global diversification from its headquarters and main plant (the Volkswagenwerk in Wolfsburg), on 4 July 1985, the company name was changed again – to Volkswagen Aktiengesellschaft (Volkswagen AG).

On 18 June 1986, Volkswagen AG acquired a 51% controlling stake in SEAT, making it the first non-German subsidiary of the Volkswagen Group. On 23 December the same year, it became the Spanish company's major shareholder by increasing its share up to 75%. [20]

In 1990 – after purchasing its entire equity – Volkswagen AG took over the full ownership of SEAT, making the company a wholly owned subsidiary, and on 28 March 1991 another step to the expansion of the group's activities was made through the signing of a joint venture partnership agreement with Škoda automobilová a.s. of Czechoslovakia, accompanied with the acquisition of a 30% stake in the Czech car manufacturer, [20] raised later on 19 December 1994 to 60.3% and the year after, on 11 December 1995, to 70% of its shares. [22]

Three prestige automotive marques were added to the Volkswagen portfolio in 1998: Bentley, Lamborghini and Bugatti. [20]

2000 to present

The Skoda Superb B6, in production from 2008-2015 2009 Skoda Superb Elegance CRTDi Automatic 2.0 Front.jpg
The Škoda Superb B6, in production from 2008-2015

On 30 May 2000, after having gradually raised its equity share, Volkswagen AG took over the full ownership of Škoda Auto, making the company a wholly owned subsidiary. [20]

From 2002 up to 2007, the Volkswagen Group's automotive division was restructured so that two major Brand Groups with different profile would be formed, [23] the Audi Brand Group focused on more sporty values – consisted of Audi, SEAT and Lamborghini – and the Volkswagen Brand Group on the field of classic values – consisted of Volkswagen, Skoda, Bentley and Bugatti [24] [25]  – with each Brand Group's product vehicles and performance being respectively under the higher responsibility of Audi and Volkswagen brands.

Volkswagen Group revealed on 24 October 2009 that it had made an offer to acquire long-time partner and German niche automotive manufacturer Wilhelm Karmann GmbH out of bankruptcy protection. [26] In November 2009, the Supervisory Board of Volkswagen AG approved the acquisition of assets of Karmann, and planned to restart vehicle production at their Osnabrück plant in 2012. [27]

In December 2009, Volkswagen AG bought a 49.9% stake in Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche AG (more commonly known as Porsche AG) in a first step towards an 'integrated automotive group' with Porsche. [28] [29] [30] The merger of Volkswagen AG and Porsche SE was scheduled to take place during the course of 2011. On 8 September 2011, it was announced that the planned merger "cannot be implemented within the time frame provided for in the Comprehensive Agreement". As reasons, unquantifiable legal risks, including a criminal probe into the holding's former management team were given. Both parties "remain committed to the goal of creating an integrated automotive group with Porsche and are convinced that this will take place". [31] [32] On 4 July 2012 Volkswagen group announced they would wrap up the remaining half of Porsche shares for 4.46 billion euros ($5.58 billion) on 1 August 2012 to avoid taxes of as much as 1.5 billion euros, which would have to be paid if the wrap up happened after 31 July 2014. [33] Volkswagen AG purchased the remaining stake in Porsche AG equaling 100% of the shares in Porsche Zwischenholding GmbH, effectively becoming its parent company as of 1 August 2012. [34]

Volkswagen AG completed the purchase of 19.9% of Suzuki Motor Corporation's issued shares on 15 January 2010. [35] [36] Suzuki invested part of the amount received from Volkswagen into 1.49% percent of Volkswagen. [37] In 2011, Suzuki filed a lawsuit at an arbitration court in London requesting that Volkswagen return the 19.9% stake. [38]

On 25 May 2010, it was announced that Volkswagen Group, through it subsidiary Lamborghini Holding S.p.A., had acquired a 90.1% stake in the Italian automotive design house Italdesign Giugiaro. [39] In less than three months, the transaction had been completed making the Italian firm a member of the Volkswagen Group. [40] Since 2013 the Volkswagen Group has held a 89.7% stake in Traton.

In 2015 research showed a security flaw in the keyless ignition of Volkswagen and other carmakers' vehicles. Volkswagen spent two years trying to keep the research from the public domain. [41] [ undue weight? ]

On 3 August 2015, Nokia announced that it had reached a deal to sell its Here digital maps division to a consortium of three German automakers—BMW, Daimler AG, and Volkswagen Group, for €2.8 billion. [42] This was seen as an indication that the automakers were interested in automated cars.

Volkswagen held a 19.9% non-controlling shareholding in Suzuki between 2009 and 2015. An international arbitration court ordered Volkswagen to sell the stake back to Suzuki. [43] On 17 September 2015, Suzuki paid $3.8bn to complete the stock buy-back just hours prior to a major scandal about emissions violations engulfing Volkswagen. Suzuki had wished to buy Fiat diesel engines. [44]

Emissions scandal

On 18 September 2015, The US EPA announced that Volkswagen had installed a "defeat device" software code in the diesel models sold in the US from 2009-15. [45] The code was intended to detect when an emissions test was being conducted, and altered emissions controls for better compliance. Off the test stand, the controls were relaxed, and emissions jumped 35 to 40 times regulatory levels according to investigators at West Virginia University and the California Air Resources Board. 482,000 vehicles are under the recall order, a potential $18 billion ($37,500 per violation) in fines are pending, and news accounts speculate a criminal indictment for the deception is certain. [46] [47] The VW Group CEO, Martin Winterkorn, said he was "deeply sorry" and ordered an external investigation. [48] The software code was only revealed when the EPA refused to certify VW's 2016 models for sale in the US unless the corporation provided full disclosure. [49] On Sunday, 20 September 2015, VW Group announced it was halting the sale of its four-cylinder diesel models in the US. [50] The US EPA press release on its Notice of Violation, [45] and the California Air Resources Board letter [51] dated 18 September 2015 contain significant chronological detail of the agencies interaction with VW on the issue.

On 22 September 2015, VW AG admitted that 11 million cars worldwide had been fitted with software intended to deceive emissions testing. The company issued a profit warning, saying it had set aside 7.3 billion dollars to fix the fraud. [52] On 23 September 2015, Martin Winterkorn announced his resignation from the CEO position after a crisis meeting of the company board. [53] On 25 September 2015 Matthias Müller was named CEO. [54] Müller was the head of the Porsche marque within the VW corporate umbrella. [55]

On 21 April 2017, a U.S. federal judge ordered Volkswagen "to pay a $2.8 billion criminal fine for rigging diesel-powered vehicles to cheat on government emissions tests". The "unprecedented" plea deal formalized a punishment that Volkswagen AG agreed to earlier in 2017. [56] In addition, the plea deal includes a $1.5 billion settlement for various environmental, customs and financial violations. [57]

Overall, Volkswagen will pay more than $30 billion in penalties and lawsuit settlements related to the scandal. [58]

Electrification strategy 2025

VW Group has invested in a wide-ranging electrification strategy in Europe, North America and China, with its electric "MEB" platform Volkswagen ID.3 at IAA 2019 IMG 0779.jpg
VW Group has invested in a wide-ranging electrification strategy in Europe, North America and China, with its electric "MEB" platform

In 2016, Volkswagen Group announced a corporate "Strategy 2025" that focuses on electrification of its portfolio. [59] The VW Group developed the Volkswagen Group MEB platform chassis that will be utilized in a range of various cars and light utility vehicles across several VW Group marques due to its flexibility and floor-mounted battery. [60]

As of May 2018, the VW Group has committed $48 billion in car battery supplies [61] and plans to outfit 16 factories to build electric cars by the end of 2022. [62] According to VW Group CEO Dr. Herbert Diess, the company will offer 25 electric models and 20 plug-in hybrids by 2020. [61]

Production in Xinjiang

Volkswagen Group came under pressure for cooperating with the Chinese government in the region of Xinjiang. In that same region, the Chinese government has been accused of having committed human rights abuses against the Uighur minority group, which included mass surveillance, incarceration and forced labor. After these accusations emerged, Volkswagen responded, "We do not assume any of our employees are forced laborers." [63] According to the Süddeutsche Zeitung , Volkswagen was operating a plant in Xinjiang at a loss in order to curry favor with the Chinese government to set up more lucrative plants in other parts of China. [63] Other companies[ which? ] cut ties with China in the region after evidence emerged of human rights abuses. However, Volkswagen was still operating a plant in the region as of 2020. [64]

Finances

For the fiscal year 2018, Volkswagen reported earnings of EUR€13.920 billion, with an annual revenue of EUR€235.849 billion, an increase of 2.2% over the previous fiscal cycle. Volkswagen's shares traded at over €148 per share, and its market capitalization was valued at US$73.8 billion in November 2018. [65]

YearRevenue
in bn. EUR€ [66]
Net income
in bn. EUR€ [67]
Employees [68]
199034.800261,000
200081.8402.610322,000
200187.3002.930324,000
200285.2932.597324,000
200384.8131.003335,000
200488.9630.697343,000
200593.9961.120345,000
2006104.8752.750324,900
2007108.8974.122329,300
2008113.8084.688369,900
2009105.1870.911368,500
2010126.8757.226399,400
2011159.33715.799502,000
2012192.67621.884550,000
2013197.0079.145573,000
2014202.45811.068593,000
2015213.292−1.361610,000
2016217.2675.379627,000
2017230.68211.638634,000
2018235.84913.920656,000
2019234.13912.369642,000
2020210.6817.876663,000

Operations

Part of the Volkswagen factory in Wolfsburg, Germany, its largest worldwide Kraftwerk Volkswagen VW.JPG
Part of the Volkswagen factory in Wolfsburg, Germany, its largest worldwide

Rooted in Europe, the Volkswagen Group operates in 153 countries. [69] Volkswagen Passenger Cars is the Group's original marque, and the other major subsidiaries include passenger car marques such as Audi, Bentley, Bugatti, Lamborghini, Porsche, SEAT, and Škoda. Volkswagen AG also has operations in commercial vehicles, owning Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles, along with controlling stakes in truck, bus and diesel engine manufacturers Scania AB and MAN SE. [70]

Subsidiaries and brands

The Volkswagen Group comprises the following vehicle manufacturers and their corresponding brands: [note 1]

Porsche headquarters in Stuttgart Porsche headquarter Stuttgart-Zuffenhausen Werk II.jpg
Porsche headquarters in Stuttgart
The Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles assembly plant in Hannover, Germany Volkswagen Nutzf Hannover.jpg
The Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles assembly plant in Hannover, Germany

The Group also owns five defunct marques which are managed through the companies Auto Union GmbH and NSU GmbH, both of which are 100% owned by AUDI AG:

Other subsidiaries and shareholdings:

Corporate affairs

Ownership

Under the Volkswagen Law, no shareholder in Volkswagen AG could exercise more than 20 percent of the firm's voting rights, regardless of their level of stock holding. [78] This law was supposed to protect Volkswagen Group from takeovers. [79] In October 2005, Porsche acquired an 18.53 percent stake in the business, and in July 2006, Porsche increased that ownership to more than 25 percent. Analysts disagreed as to whether the investment was a good fit for Porsche's strategy. [80]

On 26 March 2007, after the European Union moved against the Volkswagen law, Porsche took its holding to 30.9 percent, triggering a takeover bid under German law. Porsche formally announced in a press statement that it did not intend to take over Volkswagen Group, setting its offer price at the lowest possible legal value, but intended the move to avoid a competitor taking a large stake, or to stop hedge funds dismantling Volkswagen Group, which is Porsche's most important partner. [81] On 16 September 2008, Porsche announced that the company had increased its stake in Volkswagen AG to 35 percent. [82] By October 2008, Porsche held 42.6 percent of Volkswagen AG's ordinary shares, and held stock options on another 31.5 percent. [83] thus, effectively holding over 74 percent; 42.6 percent actual shares, and the rest as convertible options. [84] Volkswagen AG briefly became the world's most valuable company, as the stock price rose to over €1,000 per share as short sellers tried to cover their positions. [85] The substantial investment in Volkswagen left Porsche with huge financial burden with its debts accumulating up to 13 billion euros by 2009. [86] Porsche would get emergency infusion of about a billion dollars from Volkswagen. [87] In July 2012, Volkswagen completed takeover of Porsche ending the 4 year saga and formed an integrated automotive group with Porsche. Porsche AG would become the 10th brand of Volkswagen. The holding company Porsche SE was left with 31 percent of the subscribed capital of Volkswagen AG, and 50.7 percent of the voting rights in the company. [88]

As of 31 December 2019, share ownership of Volkswagen AG is distributed as follows: [89]

Stock market listings

Volkswagen AG shares are primarily traded on the Frankfurt Stock Exchange, [90] and are listed under the 'VOW' and 'VOW3' stock ticker symbols. First listed in August 1961, the shares were issued at a price of DM  350 per DM 100 share, [90] Volkswagen AG shares are now separated into two different types or classes: 'ordinary shares' and 'preference shares'. [90] The ordinary shares are now traded under the WKN  766400 and ISIN DE0007664005 listings, and the preference shares under the WKN 766403 and ISIN DE0007664039 listings. [90]

Volkswagen AG shares are also listed and traded on other major domestic and worldwide stock exchanges. In Germany's domestic exchanges, since 1961 these include those in Berlin, Düsseldorf, Hamburg, Hanover, Munich and Stuttgart. International exchanges include those in Basel (listed in 1967), Geneva (1967), Zürich (1967), Luxembourg (1979), London (1988), and New York (1988). [90]

Since the start of trading in 1961, Volkswagen AG shares have been subjected to two stock splits  – the first was on 17 March 1969 when they were split at a ratio of 2:1, from a DM 100 share to a DM 50 share. The second split occurred on 6 July 1998, the DM 50 share being converted into a share of no overall nominal value, at a ratio of 1:10. [90]

From 23 December 2009, Volkswagen AG preferred shares replaced its ordinary shares in the DAX index. [91]

Leadership, sales and market share

Volkswagen (mbH, GmbH, AG) leaders
TenureLeader(s)
1937 to 1946 Bodo Lafferentz, Ferdinand Porsche, Jakob Werlin [92]
June 1945 to December 1947 Ivan Hirst (Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers) [15]
1 January 1948 to April 1967 Heinrich Nordhoff [93]
1 May 1968 to September 1971 Kurt Lotz [93]
1 October 1971 to February 1975 Rudolf Leiding [93]
10 February 1975 to December 1980 Toni Schmücker [93]
1 January 1982 to December 1992 Carl Hahn [93]
1 January 1993 to 16 April 2002 Ferdinand K. Piëch [93]
16 April 2002 to 31 December 2006 Bernd Pischetsrieder [93]
1 January 2007 to 23 September 2015 Martin Winterkorn [93] [94] [95]
25 September 2015 to 12 April 2018 Matthias Müller [96]
since 12 April 2018 Herbert Diess [1]
Top 3 Automakers Global, 2018, by global volume [97]
GroupUnits
Volkswagen10,083,000
Renault-Nissan-Mitsubishi10,076,000
Toyota10,059,000

In 2018, Volkswagen Group's largest single country market was China with 4.20 million units delivered, followed by Germany with 1.12 million units. Divided by regions, Asia-Pacific was the second-largest market of the Volkswagen Group with 4.50 million units in 2013, followed by Western Europe with 4.14 million, and North America with 943,000 units delivered in 2018. [98]

Top 3 Automakers EU27, 2013, new passenger car volume [99]
GroupUnitsshare
Volkswagen2,957,65325.0
PSA1,311,40611.1
RENAULT1,076,36710.4

The European ranking of automakers is compiled monthly by the European Auto Manufacturers' Association ACEA. [99] Volkswagen has held the top spot in Europe uninterrupted for more than two decades. [100]

The company was again the top global automaker in 2018, for the fifth consecutive year, selling 10.083 million vehicles in the year 2018, just 7,000 more than the Renault–Nissan–Mitsubishi Alliance. [97]

Sponsorships

Volkswagen is heavily involved in sports sponsorship, with investments having included the 2008 Summer Olympics, the 2014 Winter Olympics, [101] [102] as well as the David Beckham Academy. Volkswagen AG wholly owns the Bundesliga football side VfL Wolfsburg; [103] the company is also the shirt sponsor of Major League Soccer club D.C. United, League of Ireland Premier Division Sligo Rovers and top level of the Mexican football league system Liga MX team Puebla F.C.

See also

Notes

  1. Volkswagen Truck and Bus are renamed to TRATON AG.

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The Volkswagen Group MQB platform is the company's strategy for shared modular design construction of its transverse, front-engine, front-wheel-drive layout automobiles. Volkswagen spent roughly $60bn developing this new platform and the cars employing it. The platform underpins a wide range of cars from the supermini class to the mid size SUV class. MQB allows Volkswagen to assemble any of its cars based on this platform across all of its MQB ready factories. This allows the Volkswagen group flexibility to shift production as needed between its different factories. Beginning in 2012, Volkswagen Group marketed the strategy under the code name MQB, which stands for Modularer Querbaukasten, translating from German to "Modular Transversal Toolkit" or "Modular Transverse Matrix". MQB is one strategy within VW's overall MB program which also includes the similar MLB strategy for vehicles with longitudinal engine orientation.

Automotive industry in Germany Overview of the automotive industry in Germany

The automotive industry in Germany is one of the largest employers in the world, with a labor force of over 857,336 (2016) working in the industry.

Škoda Auto Volkswagen India

ŠKODA AUTO Volkswagen India Private Limited is the wholly owned Indian subsidiary of German automotive manufacturing company Volkswagen Group.

Volkswagen Bratislava Plant

The Volkswagen Bratislava Plant is an automotive factory and co-located test track in Bratislava, Slovakia owned by Volkswagen Group.

Traton SE, known as the Traton Group, is a subsidiary of the Volkswagen Group and one of the world's largest commercial vehicle manufacturers, with its MAN, Scania and Volkswagen Caminhões e Ônibus brands. The company also has digital services branded as RIO. In 2020, the Group sold around 190,200 vehicles. The range of products includes light-, medium-, and heavy-duty trucks, as well as vans and buses. As of December 31, 2020, Traton employed around 82,600 people in its commercial vehicle brands.

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