Chevrolet Tracker (Americas)

Last updated
Geo/Chevrolet Tracker
Chevrolet-Tracker-4door.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Suzuki
General Motors
CAMI Automotive
Production1988–1990 (Japan)
1989–2004 (Canada/U.S.)
2004–2007 (Argentina)
1996–2016 (Ecuador)
Body and chassis
Class Mini SUV
Compact SUV
Body style 4-door SUV
2-door convertible
2-door SUV
Layout Front engine, rear-wheel drive / four-wheel drive
Dimensions
Wheelbase 4-door: 2480mm
Length4-door: 4135mm
Width4-door: 1710mm
Height4-door: 1685mm
Chronology
Successor Pontiac Aztek (Canada)
Chevrolet Equinox (U.S. & Canada)
Chevrolet Captiva (Mexico)
Chevrolet Trax (Europe)
Saturn Vue (U.S. & Canada)
Chevrolet Tracker (2019)

The Chevrolet Tracker, formerly the Geo Tracker, is a mini SUV produced for Chevrolet and Geo by CAMI Automotive in Ingersoll, Ontario. Although appearing as a compact SUV, the Tracker was actually certified as a Light truck due to its off-road capabilities and body on frame construction. The Tracker was produced under many brands in several different editions and in many countries.

Contents

First generation

First generation
1994 Geo Tracker Convertible 2 Door 1.6L front 6.15.19.jpg
Overview
Also calledChevrolet Tracker (1998 & 1989–1991 Canada)
GMC Tracker
Asüna Sunrunner
Pontiac Sunrunner
Chevrolet Vitara
Production1989–1998
Assembly Hamamatsu, Japan
Ingersoll, Ontario, Canada
Kosai, Japan
Quito, Ecuador
Body and chassis
Related Suzuki Escudo
Suzuki Sidekick
Suzuki Samurai
Suzuki Vitara
Suzuki Jimny
Suzuki X-90
Powertrain
Engine 1.6 L G16 (LS5/L01) I4
Transmission 5-speed manual
3-speed GM TH180 automatic
4-speed Aisin 03-72LE automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2-door: 86.6 in (2,200 mm)
4-door: 97.6 in (2,479 mm)
Length2-door:142.5 in (3,620 mm) (1989–1995)
143.7 in (3,650 mm) (1996–98)
4-door: 158.7 in (4,031 mm)
Width2-door: 64.2 in (1,631 mm)
4-door: 64.4 in (1,636 mm)
Height2-door: 65 in (1,651 mm) (1989–1991)
65.6 in (1,666 mm) (1992–93)
64.3 in (1,633 mm) (2WD, 1994–98)
65.1 in (1,654 mm) (4WD 1994–98)
4-door: 65.7 in (1,669 mm) (2WD)
66.5 in (1,689 mm) (4WD)
GMC Tracker: 65.8 in (1,671 mm)
GMC Tracker (Canada) 1989-1991 GMC Tracker.jpg
GMC Tracker (Canada)
1998 Chevrolet Tracker 4-door Geo-Tracker-4door.jpg
1998 Chevrolet Tracker 4-door

The Geo Tracker was a mini SUV introduced in late 1988 as a 1989 model. It was developed by CAMI which was a joint venture between General Motors of Canada and Suzuki. North American Models were to be built in CAMI's Ingersoll, Ontario, Canada plant alongside its almost identical twin the domestic-built Suzuki Sidekick (Escudo). Nearly all 1989 and some 1990 Trackers were built in Japan and imported to the US because of delays at the CAMI factory in Canada. In late 1989, production began in Ingersoll with about 6,100 Geo Trackers finished, with annual production projected to be around 200,000 units. In the beginning, all Canadian-made Trackers were sent to the United States to circumvent the 25 percent Chicken Tax; the Canadian market was supplied entirely from Japan. [1] Suzuki Sidekicks were added to the production line during 1990.

The Tracker was originally powered by Suzuki's 1.6L SOHC four-cylinder engine producing 80 hp (60 kW). The trim levels in 1989 were base convertible, base 2-door hardtop and LSi hardtop. LSi equipment included Air Conditioner, Chrome Rally Wheels, intermittent wipers, rear window wiper/washer, spare tire cover, 3-speed GM Turbo-Hydramatic 180 automatic transmission, tinted glass, and special red/black front and rear bucket seats. In 1990 the LSi trim was made available on the convertible models also. All Trackers were four-wheel drive until a base two-wheel drive convertible was introduced in 1992. The two-door hardtop models were available until 1995 when they were discontinued to make way for the four-door hardtop wagon that was to be introduced the following year. Although Suzuki started importing 4-door Sidekicks in 1991 CAMI didn't start producing them until the 1996 model year, when America got a 4-door Geo Tracker, now powered by Suzuki's G16B 16-valve 1.6L boasting 96 hp (72 kW). In 1998 the Geo nameplate was merged back into Chevrolet and all Geo Models including the Tracker were rebadged as Chevrolet in 1998.

The Tracker was different from most other light SUVs on the market in that it is based on a rugged light-truck chassis and certified as a Light truck. Although it appeared to be a comfortable passenger SUV, it was bolstered by a sturdy off-road 4-wheel-drive system with a conventional light truck engine and transmission coupled to a hi-lo, 2-4 transfer case. The Tracker had a strong front suspension with a rugged recirculating ball steering box. The conventional front differential was rigidly mounted ahead of the engine, with CV axles connecting the coil-spring front hubs to the differential case. The rear axle was a conventional light truck unit on coil springs. As a result of the truck-like underpinnings, the Tracker had a fairly truck-like ride, but the benefit was its notable durability in harsh conditions.

The production of the first generation model of the Tracker (and Sidekick) came to an end in Ontario after 1998 in order to make way for the second generation of Tracker/Vitara. However the first generation Sidekick continued in production in other countries until 2004.

Canada

When the Geo Tracker was introduced in the United States, the Geo brand was not available in Canada. Because of this the Tracker was introduced there as both the Chevrolet Tracker and the GMC Tracker. The Chevrolet Tracker was sold at Chevrolet dealerships in Canada starting in 1989. Initially there were three models: a base convertible, base hardtop and a CL hardtop (CL is equivalent to the LSi in the Geo line). In 1990 a CL convertible was added to the line-up. 1991 was the last year for the Chevrolet Tracker as the Geo marque was brought to Canada in 1992 and all Chevrolet Trackers were renamed Geo Trackers, yet they continued to display the Chevrolet "Bow Tie" symbol on the front grille emblem until the end of production in 1998. All 1989–1990 Chevrolet Trackers were four-wheel drive. From 1991 on, the Geo Tracker sold in Canada was identical to its US counterpart. The GMC Tracker was also introduced for the 1989 model year to be sold at Pontiac-Buick-GMC dealerships in Canada. Just like the Chevrolet and Geo initially there were three models: base convertible, base hardtop and SLE hardtop (SLE being equipped the same as the CL and LSi of the other marques). In 1990 an SLE convertible was added to the lineup. 1991 was the last year for the GMC Tracker as GM introduced the Asüna marque in 1992 and the GMC Tracker was renamed the Asüna Sunrunner. The Sunrunner was marketed as more upmarket and had no base model, with all of the Sunrunners being equipped like the SLEs were. The Asüna brand did not last long though and after only two years (1992 and 1993) the Sunrunner was rebranded as a Pontiac. The Pontiac Sunrunner was sold in Canada from 1994 to 1998 in both base and top of the line GT trim. It was available in two- and four-wheel drive and in both convertible and hardtop body-styles. While the Geo Tracker was also sold as a four-door wagon beginning in 1996, the Sunrunner never got this body style. The Sunrunner was discontinued without a direct replacement in 1998.

Second generation

Second generation
Chevrolet Tracker convertible .jpg
Overview
Also calledSuzuki Vitara
Production1999–2004 (United States/Canada)
1999–2008 (Argentina)
1999–2016 (Ecuador)
Assembly Ingersoll, Ontario, Canada
Kosai, Japan
Body and chassis
Platform GMT190
Related Suzuki Escudo
Suzuki Samurai
Suzuki Vitara
Suzuki Grand Vitara
Suzuki XL-7
Chevrolet Tracker
Suzuki Jimny
Suzuki X-90
Powertrain
Engine 1.6 L L01 I4
2.0 L J20A I4 130 hp
2.5 L H25A V6 155 hp
Transmission 5-speed manual
4-speed Aisin 03-72LE (A44DE) automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2-door: 86.6 in (2,200 mm)
4-door: 97.6 in (2,479 mm)
Length2-door 2WD: 151.6 in (3,851 mm)
2-door 4WD: 151.8 in (3,856 mm)
4-door 2WD: 162.6 in (4,130 mm)
4-door 4WD: 162.8 in (4,135 mm)
Width67.3 in (1,709 mm)
Height2002–04 2-door 2WD: 65.7 in (1,669 mm)
2-door 4WD & 1999–2001 2WD 2-door: 66.5 in (1,689 mm)
4-door 2WD: 65.6 in (1,666 mm)
4-door 4WD: 66.3 in (1,684 mm)

In 1999, the Sidekick was discontinued, and a second generation Tracker was introduced, differing from the Sidekick's successor, the Grand Vitara. A Suzuki version of this North American-exclusive Tracker was sold in the North American market as a Suzuki Vitara, which is shorter than the Grand Vitara. In Mexico, the second-generation Tracker remained in production and was sold there as Chevrolet Tracker. The Tracker series was discontinued in the United States and Canada in 2004, but all models including the LJ80/Jimny are still in production in other Suzuki plants. Some Trackers and Sidekicks were made at a Suzuki plant in Kosai, Japan.

The later (1999 and up) Tracker models reverted to a lightweight automobile-type rack and pinion steering, and thus unpopular with rural and off-road users since the rack and pinion is easily damaged. The 1st generation Tracker was sold as the Chevrolet Vitara in Latin America, and the 2nd generation Tracker is sold as the Chevrolet Grand Vitara in Latin American countries. In North America, the first generation Tracker was sold as a Chevrolet in 1998 after GM discontinued the Geo brand. In Central America GM made the Suzuki Vitara/Grand Vitara and sold as Chevrolet Vitara/Grand Vitara (Colombia, Ecuador and Venezuela produced in GM Ecuador), Suzuki Grand Vitara (Argentina) Chevrolet Tracker (Brazil and Mexico) Both Produced by GM Argentina. On January 27, 2004, production of the Chevrolet Tracker was discontinued at the CAMI plant in Ingersoll, Ontario and replaced with the Chevrolet Equinox.

Tracker in Mexico

Geo Tracker was sold since 1994 (Imported from Canada) 3 door soft top 4WD or 2WD, Automatic or Manual transmissions. In 1996 Geo Tracker was dropped, and back 1998 from Canada as Chevrolet Tracker three-door soft top or five-door hard top available in 2wd or 4wd automatic or manual. In 2000 arrives a new generation Chevrolet Tracker available as a three-door soft top or five-door hard top 2wd or 4wd, manual or automatic, in 2001 the soft top was dropped. Arrive V6 option w/ 2wd or 4wd automatic since 2002 to 2004. Even though the Tracker was discontinued in the U.S. & Canada, the Tracker continued sales in Mexico & Brazil imported from Argentina, although the model was face-lifted in 2005 from Suzuki Grand Vitara. For the 2006 model year, the silver GM logo was added on the front doors. The Tracker was replaced in the summer of 2008 by the Saturn Vue in the U.S and Canada (Chevrolet Captiva Sport in Mexico).

Tracker in Brazil

2006-2008 Chevrolet Tracker (Mexico) '06-'08 Chevrolet Tracker.jpg
2006–2008 Chevrolet Tracker (Mexico)

First generation Geo Trackers made in Canada were never offered by GM officialy, still private importers brought them to the country, even though Suzuki brought the Suzuki Vitara from Japan. Private importers also brought to the country soft-top and 4-door Sidekicks made in Canada.

For the second generation, it became inicially available in the country in 2001, with only a diesel engine and 4-door bodystyle. Suzuki also offered the Gran Vitara at the time, with more engine choices and also a 2-door hardtop and the XL7. As prices of the dollar soared, Suzuki left the Brazilian market in 2003.

Even though the Tracker was discontinued in the U.S. and Canada, the Tracker continued sales in Mexico and Brazil, although the model received a facelift in 2005. For the 2006 model year, the silver GM logo was added on the front doors. The Tracker was finally replaced by the 4-cylinder versions of the already introduced Chevrolet Captiva Sport (Saturn Vue in the U.S and Canada, even though the Vue and Captiva are both built in Mexico) in the summer of 2008.

Safety report

According to a 1995 report by the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, [2] the 1991–1993 Two Wheel drive Geo Tracker had 21 driver fatalities for 66,210 registered vehicles, the highest incidence reported, at 3.2 per 10,000 vehicles. The 4x4 version, however, reported 48 driver fatalities for 271,355 registered vehicles (1.8 per 10,000). The IIHS states that the small utility class had a total of 366 driver fatalities for 2,144,891 total registered vehicles (1.6 per 10,000). This study was widely criticized for faulty comparisons. For example, this study doesn't note the difference between 2-door models and 4-door models. A later IIHS study clearly shows that, while 2-door Trackers have a slightly below-average injury rate, the 4-door models are better than the average for utility vehicles. [3]

Rebadged Chevrolet Trax

Chevrolet Tracker (Chile) Chevrolet Tracker LT 1.8 2014 (14513700666).jpg
Chevrolet Tracker (Chile)

The Chevrolet Trax was sold in Russia and South America as the Tracker. [4] In Russia, the name "Trax" would be too closely related to the word trakh (Rus. трах), which is a colloquialism for copulation. [5]

Related Research Articles

Pontiac (automobile) Defunct automobile brand owned by General Motors

Pontiac was an American automobile brand owned, manufactured, and commercialized by General Motors. Introduced as a companion make for GM's more expensive line of Oakland automobiles, Pontiac overtook Oakland in popularity and supplanted its parent brand entirely by 1933.

Geo was a marque of small cars and SUVs marketed by General Motors as a subdivision of its Chevrolet division from 1989 to 2004. Formed by GM to compete with the growing small import market of the mid 1980s, the Geo nameplate continued through the 1997 model year, after which the remaining models were marketed under the Chevrolet name; for the 1998 model year, the Metro, Prizm, and Tracker were sold as Chevrolet until their discontinuance in 2001, 2002, and 2004, respectively. In this sense, Geo existed until 2004, even with the Geo nameplate being dropped in mid-1997. Its original slogan was "Get to know Geo" and commercials often featured the song "Getting to Know You" from the musical The King and I. In the 1990s consumer interest in the economy compact market faded, and the last vehicle of the former Geo line, the Tracker, was discontinued in 2016. In Canada, another import marque, Asüna, was introduced in 1992 to provide Pontiac-Buick-GMC dealers access to a similar range of import vehicles.

Chevrolet S-10 Motor vehicle

The Chevrolet S-10 is a compact pickup truck that was produced by Chevrolet. It was the first domestically built compact pickup of the big three American automakers. When it was first introduced as a "quarter-ton pickup" in 1981 for the 1982 model year, the GMC version was known as the S-15 and later renamed the GMC Sonoma. A high-performance version was released in 1991 and given the name of GMC Syclone. The pickup was also sold by Isuzu as the Hombre from 1996 through 2000, but only in North America. There was also an SUV version, the Chevrolet S-10 Blazer/GMC S-15 Jimmy. An electric version was leased as a fleet vehicle in 1997 and 1998. Together, these pickups are often referred to as the S-series.

GMC Envoy American mid-size sport utility vehicle

The GMC Envoy is a mid-size SUV that was produced by General Motors from the 1998 to the 2009 model years. Adopting a nameplate used by GM Canada, the Envoy was the direct counterpart of the Chevrolet TrailBlazer SUV; two generations of the model line were sold.

Chevrolet Silverado Motor vehicle

The Chevrolet Silverado is a range of trucks manufactured by General Motors under the Chevrolet brand. Introduced for the 1999 model year, the Silverado is the successor to the long-running Chevrolet C/K model line. Taking its name from the top trim level from the Chevrolet C/K series, the Silverado is offered as a series of full-size pickup trucks, chassis cab trucks, and medium-duty trucks. The fourth generation of the model line was introduced for the 2019 model year.

Chevrolet C/K Motor vehicle

C/K is a series of trucks that were manufactured by General Motors from the 1960 to 2002 model years. Marketed by both the Chevrolet and GMC divisions, the C/K series encompassed a wide range of vehicles. While most commonly associated with pickup trucks, the model line also included chassis-cab trucks and medium-duty trucks and served as the basis for GM full-size SUVs. Through its entire production, the model line competed directly against the Ford F-Series and the Dodge D series.

Chevrolet Suburban Motor vehicle

The Chevrolet Suburban is a full-size SUV from Chevrolet. The name started in 1934 for the 1935 U.S. model year, making it the longest continuously used automobile nameplate in production. It has traditionally been one of General Motors' most profitable vehicles. The 1935 first generation Carryall Suburban was one of the first production all-metal bodied station wagons. It now comes with three engine options: a 5.3 liter V8, 6.2 liter V8 or a 3.0 liter Inline-6 turbo diesel.

Chevrolet Tahoe American sport utility vehicle

The Chevrolet Tahoe is a full-size SUV from General Motors. Chevrolet and GMC sold two different-sized SUVs under their Blazer/Jimmy model names through the early 1990s. This situation changed when GMC rebadged the full-size Jimmy as the Yukon in 1991. Chevrolet waited until 1994 to rebadge the redesigned mid-size S-10 Blazer as the Blazer, renaming the full-size Blazer as the Tahoe. The name Tahoe refers to the rugged and scenic area surrounding Lake Tahoe in the western United States. The name Yukon refers to the Yukon territory of northern Canada. For the 1995 model year, the Tahoe and Yukon gained a new 4-door model slotting in size between the 2-door models and the longer wheelbase and higher passenger capacity to up to nine passengers like the Chevrolet Suburban and newly named Yukon XL.

General Motors Theta platform Motor vehicle platform

Theta is General Motors' compact or mid-size crossover SUV automobile platform. The architecture debuted in 2002 with the Saturn Vue and was later used for the Chevrolet Equinox and Captiva and similar models.

Geo Metro Motor vehicle

The Geo Metro was a marketing and manufacturing variation of the Suzuki Cultus available in North America from 1989 through 2001 as a joint effort of General Motors (GM) and Suzuki. In the US, the Metro carried a Geo nameplate from 1989 through 1997, and a Chevrolet nameplate from 1998 to 2001. It evolved with the Cultus and its siblings over 13 years, three generations and four body styles: three-door hatchback, four-door sedan, five-door hatchback and two-door convertible—and was ultimately replaced in the General Motors lineup by a family of vehicles based on the Daewoo Kalos.

General Motors M platform Motor vehicle platform

The GM M platform was the designation used by General Motors for the platform that underpinned the first, second and third generation Suzuki Cultus and its offspring.

Asüna

Asüna was a captive import automobile marque created in 1992 for sale in Canada by General Motors as a counterpart to Geo. It was one of two successors to the Passport marque, which had a similar intent.

CAMI Assembly, formerly CAMI Automotive, is an assembly plant wholly owned by General Motors Canada. The plant occupies 570 acres (230 ha) and has 1,700,000 square feet (157,900 m2) of floor space of which 400,000 square feet (37,161 m2) was added in 2016 as part of a $560 million investment.

Chevrolet S-10 Blazer Motor vehicle

The Chevrolet S-10 Blazer and its badge engineered GMC S-15 Jimmy counterpart are compact/mid-size SUVs manufactured and marketed by Chevrolet and GMC from the 1983 through 2005 model years across two generations.

Suzuki Cultus Supermini car

The Suzuki Cultus is a supermini car produced by the Japanese manufacturer Suzuki from 1983 to 2003, and it is now a rebadged Suzuki Celerio in Pakistan since 2017. It was first presented at the 25th Tokyo Motor Show, formally introduced to Japan in 1983 and ultimately sold in seven countries across three generations and marketed worldwide as the Suzuki Swift for the first two generations. An alliance formed in 1981 between GM and Suzuki allowed GM to market the Cultus as a captive import internationally under more than a dozen nameplates including the Geo Metro, Chevrolet Sprint, Pontiac Firefly and Holden Barina. It was also known as the M-car within GM.

Suzuki Vitara Compact SUV produced by Suzuki

The Suzuki Vitara is a series of SUV produced by Suzuki in four generations since 1988. The second and third generation models were known as the Suzuki Grand Vitara, with the fourth and current series eschewing the "Grand" prefix. In Japan and a number of other markets, all generations have used the name Suzuki Escudo.

GMC Acadia Motor vehicle

The GMC Acadia is a crossover SUV manufactured by General Motors for GMC marque. The first-generation GMC Acadia shared the GM Lambda platform with the Saturn Outlook, the Chevrolet Traverse, and the Buick Enclave. The Acadia went on sale in 2006 as a 2007 model in the United States, Canada and Mexico. The Acadia replaces three of the 7- or 8-seater vehicles on the Pontiac–Buick–GMC dealership network, the midsize GMC Safari van, the GMC Envoy, and the Pontiac Montana SV6 minivan for the domestic market. As of 2009, the Lambda vehicles have replaced the Buick Rainier, Buick Rendezvous, Buick Terraza, and the GMC Envoy XL and then subsequently the GMC Envoy, Chevrolet TrailBlazer and the Isuzu Ascender. A Denali version of the Acadia debuted for 2011. In 2017, the second generation Acadia was repositioned as a mid-size crossover utility vehicle in order to compete within the growing midsize SUV market against the likes of the Ford Explorer, Edge, and Jeep Grand Cherokee. It is the SUV counterpart to the GMC Canyon.

Suzuki XL-7 Motor vehicle

The Suzuki XL-7 is a mid-size SUV sold by Suzuki from 1998 to 2009, over two generations. Slotted above the Grand Vitara in Suzuki's lineup, the XL-7 offered three-row seating. XL-7 stands for "Xtra Large 7 seater".

GMT360 Motor vehicle platform

GMT 360 is a vehicle platform that was manufactured by General Motors from the 2002 and 2009 model years. Designed primarily for SUVs, the GMT360 architecture served as the third generation of mid-size SUVs produced by GM. Directly succeeding its GMT330 predecessor in the United States, GMT360 vehicles based on the platform were sold with their predecessor in Canada and export markets through 2005.

Chevrolet C/K (fourth generation) American truck series

The fourth generation of the C/K series is a range of trucks that was manufactured by General Motors. Marketed by the Chevrolet and GMC brands from the 1988 to the 2000 model years, this generation is the final version of the C/K model line. The C/K nomenclature itself became exclusive to Chevrolet, with the GMC division applying the GMC Sierra nameplate across its entire full-size pickup truck line. Internally codenamed the GMT400 platform, the fourth generation C/K was not given a word moniker. After its production, the model line would informally become known by the public as the "OBS", in reference to its GMT800 successor.

References

  1. Stark, Harry A.; Bush, James W., eds. (1990). Ward's Automotive Yearbook 1990. 52. Detroit, MI: Ward's Communications, Inc. p. 251. ISBN   0910589.CS1 maint: ignored ISBN errors (link)
  2. "Insurance Institute for Highway Safety Status Report, Vol. 30, No. 9" (PDF). Insurance Institute for Highway Safety. 14 October 1995.
  3. "Injury, Collision, and Theft Losses" (PDF). Highway Loss Data Institute. 21 September 2000.[ permanent dead link ]
  4. Chevrolet Tracker 2015, www.chevrolet2016.com Retrieved 4 July 2015
  5. трах - Wiktionary Retrieved 22 March 2019