Chevrolet Brookwood

Last updated
Chevrolet Brookwood
Flickr - DVS1mn - 60 Chevrolet Brookwood.jpg
1960 Chevrolet Brookwood
Overview
Manufacturer Chevrolet (General Motors)
Production1958–1961
1969–1972
Body and chassis
Class Full-size
Layout FR layout

The Chevrolet Brookwood is a series of full-size station wagons produced by Chevrolet from 1958 to 1961, and again from 1969 to 1972. It debuted in 1958 as Chevrolet's mid-range model in its station wagon lineup, positioned between the less expensive Yeoman and more luxurious Nomad station wagons. After the Yeoman was discontinued in 1959, the Brookwood was subsequently demoted to entry-level status, before going out of production altogether in 1961. It made a brief reappearance from 1969 and 1972, once again as the least-expensive wagon in Chevrolet's lineup.

Contents

First generation (1958)

First generation
1958 Chevrolet Brookwood - 42305551064.jpg
1958 Chevrolet Brookwood
Overview
Model years 1958
Assembly
Designer Clare MacKichan
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door station wagon
Platform GM B platform
Related
Powertrain
Engine
  • 235.5 cu in (3.9 L) Blue Flame I6
  • 283 cu in (4.6 L) V8
  • 348 cu in (5.7 L) V8
Transmission
Dimensions
Wheelbase 117.5 in (2,984 mm)
Curb weight
  • 6-cyl 6-passenger:
    3,748 pounds (1,700 kg)
  • 6-cyl 9-passenger:
    3,837 pounds (1,740 kg)
  • V8 6-passenger:
    3,751 pounds (1,701 kg)
  • V8 9-passenger:
    3,839 pounds (1,741 kg) [1]
Chronology
Predecessor
Successor

Introduced in 1958 as Chevrolet's mid-priced station wagon, Brookwoods were trimmed in line with Chevrolet's mid-priced Chevrolet Biscayne models. The Brookwood offered for the 1958 model year was a 4-door station wagon, available in either six- or nine-passenger models.

Design

1958 Chevrolet Brookwood (rear) Flickr - DVS1mn - 58 Chevrolet Brookwood (6).jpg
1958 Chevrolet Brookwood (rear)

For 1958, Chevrolet models were redesigned longer, lower, and heavier than their 1957 predecessors. The first ever production Chevrolet big block V8, the 348 cu in (5,700 cc), was now an option. Chevrolet's design for the year fared better than its other GM offerings, and lacked the overabundance of chrome found on Pontiacs, Oldsmobiles, Buicks and Cadillacs. Complementing Chevrolet's front design was a broad grille and quad headlights that helped simulate a 'Baby Cadillac'; the wagon's tail received a fan-shaped alcove on both side panels, similar to the sedan's, but wagon's housed single tail lights instead of dual (triple on Impala) to accommodate the tailgate. Despite being a recession year, consumers made Chevrolet the No. 1 make of automobile (beating Ford, which held the title in 1957) and the Bel Air was at the core of Chevrolet's popularity. The Nomad station wagon name also reappeared in 1958 when the vehicle bowed as the premium four-door Chevrolet station wagon, lacking the unique styling of the 1955-57 Nomads. A new dash was used. [2] The value of a drag coefficient for 1958 Chevy wagons is estimated by a-c, is Cd = 0.6. [3]

As Chevrolet's mid-range wagon

For its first year, Chevrolet's 6 and 9-passenger Brookwood wagons replaced 1957 Chevrolet 210 Townsman 6-passenger 4-door wagon and 1957 Chevrolet 210 Beauville 9-passenger 4-door wagon as their mid-range station wagon model between their plainer 1958 only Yeoman and the now 4-door only top-of-the-line Nomad. Like the 1958 Nomad, the 1958 Brookwood was also 4-door only. The next year Brookwood would become the base model wagon and offer a 2-door effectively replacing Yeoman. Buyers could order any engine and transmission choice, including the 348 V8 and the fuel-injected 283 V8 engines.

Safety

Like the rest of Chevrolet's 1958 full size car line-up, the Brookwood featured Chevrolet's new "Safety-Girder" cruciform frame. Similar in layout to the frame adopted for the 1957 Cadillac, it featured box-section side rails and a boxed front cross member that bowed under the engine. These "X-frames" were used on other 1958 to 1964 Chevys, as well as some Cadillacs. The rear was tied together by a channel-section cross member. [4] This design was later criticized as providing less protection in the event of a side impact collision, but it persevered until 1965. [5]

Second generation (1959–1960)

1959 Chevrolet Brookwood Rusty '59 Chevrolet Brookwood (Laval Bike & Tattoo Show '12).JPG
1959 Chevrolet Brookwood
Second generation
Flickr - DVS1mn - 60 Chevrolet Brookwood (3).jpg
1960 Chevrolet Brookwood
Overview
Model years 1959–1960
Body and chassis
Body style
Layout FR layout
Platform GM B platform
Related
Dimensions
Wheelbase 119.0 in (3,023 mm)
Chronology
Predecessor Chevrolet Yeoman

For the second time in as many years, Chevrolet again came up with a totally new car. From the front or rear the 1959 Chevrolets resembled nothing else on the road. From the headlights, placed as low as the law would allow, to the cats-eye tail lights, the 1959 Chevrolet was a brand new car with all new sheet metal. The most visual new change was the flat, wing shaped tailfins. [6] The car was built on a 119 in (3,023 mm) wheelbase and was 211 in (5,359 mm) long, which was 11 in (279 mm) longer than the 1957 model. This made Chevrolet the longest car in the low-priced range, whereas two years before it had been the shortest. In addition, the car was 3 in (76 mm) wider outside and had 5 in (127 mm) more width inside than it did in 1958, through the reduction of door thickness. The GM X frame had no side rails. [7]

Wagons were still classed by themselves, but had model numbers matching the car series. Chevrolet eliminated its entry-level Delray-based Yeoman models and the Biscayne-based Brookwood became Chevrolet's least expensive wagon models. Brookwoods were now available in two-door or four-door body styles, both in six-passenger configuration only. The new Parkwood 6-passenger and new Kingswood 9-passenger wagons had Bel Air's model number, and as such were the middle range wagons. A variety of speed options, such as fuel injection, special cams and higher compression, gave horsepower ratings up to 315. The Nomad was still the top Chevy wagon. A parking brake warning light was optional. Under the hood, little change took place for '59 Chevys. [8]

1960 Chevrolet Brookwood (rear) 1960 Chevrolet Brookwood rear.jpg
1960 Chevrolet Brookwood (rear)

Few alterations were made for 1960. The new models were refinements of the 1959 style with a much more restrained front end, the return of the double cone tail lights of 1958 rather than the "cat's eyes" of 1959. Under the hood, things remained constant. Fuel injection was no longer available, but with the 348 cubic inch engine, a horsepower rating of 335 at 5800 rpm was now achieved. This involved the use of three double-barrel carburettors, a special cam and an 11.25:1 compression ratio, all sold as a package.

2-door variant

Like the 1958 Yeoman 2-door. The 1959 & '60 Brookwood 2-doors, are preferred by hotrodders and collectors over their 4-door counterparts. The two-door variant would become the basis for the new-for-1959 El Camino. Unlike the Brookwood, the El Camino could be ordered in trim levels corresponding to the entire full-sized car line including the Impala. 1960 marked the end of Chevy's full size 2-door wagons, and the end of 2-door Chevy wagons all together until the 1964 Chevelle 300 2-door wagon. [9]

2 Door Brookwood Wagon 1960 Chev Brookwood 2Dr.jpg
2 Door Brookwood Wagon

Safety

Chevrolet's 1959 & '60 Brookwood (as well as the rest of Chevy's full size line up) still featured Chevrolet's "Safety-Girder" cruciform frame introduced in '58. Similar in layout to the frame adopted for the 1957 Cadillac, it featured box-section side rails and a boxed front cross member that bowed under the engine. These "X-frames" were used on other 1958 to 1964 Chevys, as well as some Cadillacs. The rear was tied together by a channel-section cross member. [4] This design was later criticized as providing less protection in the event of a side impact collision, but it persevered until 1965. [5]

Third generation (1961)

Third generation
1961 Chevrolet Brookwood 409.jpg
1961 Chevrolet Brookwood
Overview
Model years 1961
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door station wagon
Layout FR layout
Platform B-body
Related
Powertrain
Engine
Transmission
Dimensions
Wheelbase 119 in (3,000 mm)
Length209.3 in (5,320 mm)
Chronology
Successor Chevrolet Biscayne wagon (1962)

For 1961, full size Chevrolets again had a totally new body, not just new sheet metal. Its wheelbase remained 119 in (3,023 mm), but its length was now reduced slightly to 209.3 in (5,320 mm). All engines options of the previous year remained in effect with the standard engines being the 235.5 CID Six of 135 hp (101 kW) or the 283 CID V8 of 170 hp (127 kW). The V8 cost $110 more than the Six and weighed 5 lb (2.3 kg) less. In 1961, the two-door body style was dropped, but the nine-passenger model returned. GM discontinued the Chevrolet Brookwood name for 1962, instead naming their station wagons after their series names: Biscayne, Bel Air and Impala.

Safety

Chevrolet's 1961 Brookwood (as well as all other full size Chevrolets) featured a shortened version of Chevrolet's "Safety-Girder" cruciform frame introduced in '58. Similar in layout to the frame adopted for the 1957 Cadillac, it featured box-section side rails and a boxed front cross member that bowed under the engine. These "X-frames" were used on other 1958 to 1964 Chevys, as well as some Cadillacs. The rear was tied together by a channel-section cross member. [4] This design was later criticized as providing less protection in the event of a side impact collision, but it persevered until 1965. [5]

Discontinuation and replacement

GM discontinued the Chevrolet Brookwood wagon nameplate (as well as the Parkwood and Nomad wagon names) for 1962, instead naming their station wagons after their series names: Biscayne (replacing Brookwood directly), Bel Air and Impala. The 1962-'64 Biscayne, Bel Air, and Impala wagons were very similar to Chevy's 1961 wagon models.

Fourth generation (1969–1972)

Fourth generation
1971 Chevrolet Ambulance.jpg
1971 Chevrolet Brookwood ambulance
Overview
Production1969–1972
Model years 1969–1972
Assembly Oshawa, Ontario, Canada
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door station wagon
Platform B-body
Related
Powertrain
Engine
  • 250 cu in (4.1 L) I6 (1969 only)
  • 350 cu in (5.7 L) V8
  • 400 cu in (6.6 L) V8
  • 454 cu in (7.4 L) V8
Transmission
Chronology
Predecessor Chevrolet Biscayne wagon (1968)
Successor Chevrolet Impala wagon (1973)

In 1969, each Chevrolet station wagon regained its own unique model name. Brookwood, again related to the Biscayne, was assigned to the least expensive model, followed by the Townsman, Kingswood and Kingswood Estate models. Brookwood models could be ordered with either six-cylinder or V8 engines.

1972 Chevrolet Brookwood 1972 Chevrolet Brookwood (3834554549).jpg
1972 Chevrolet Brookwood
1972 Chevrolet Brookwood (rear) 1972 Chevrolet Brookwood.jpg
1972 Chevrolet Brookwood (rear)

1970 model Chevrolet full-size station wagons were nearly identical to the 1969 models, the biggest changes being the elimination of six-cylinder availability and the redesign of the front fascia, which did away with the previous year's loop bumper-grille assembly in favor of a more traditional front bumper and grille design.

In 1971 GM restyled its Chevrolet full-size models and all received GM's new clamshell tailgate, marketed as the Glide-away tailgate also called a "disappearing" tailgate because when open, the tailgate was completely out of view. On the clamshell design, the rear power-operated glass slid up into the roof and the lower tailgate (with either manual or optional power operation), lowered completely below the load floor. The manual lower tailgate was counterbalanced by a torque rod similar to the torque rods used in holding a trunk lid open, requiring a 35 lb push to fully lower the gate. Raising the manual gate required a 5 lb pull via a handhold integral to the top edge of the retractable gate. [11] The power operation of both upper glass and lower tailgate became standard equipment in later model years. Wagons with the design featured an optional third row of forward-facing seats accessed by the rear side doors and a folding second-row seat, and could accommodate a 4 x 8' sheet of plywood with rear seats folded. The clamshell design required no increased footprint or operational area to open, allowing a user to stand at the cargo opening without impediment of a door for example, in a closed garage.

Midway through the 1971 model year, all full-sized station wagons, including Brookwoods, received the previously optional Turbo-Hydramatic automatic transmission as standard equipment. Despite the series' economy roots and entry-level positioning, virtually all previous Brookwoods have been built and sold with an automatic transmission.

Brookwoods received Chevrolet's front fascia restyle in 1972 and could be ordered with any number of options from full wheel covers to a vinyl top. For 1972, GM listed a four-door Chevrolet sedan and the Brookwood in that year's Biscayne line.

End of production

For 1973, GM eliminated the Chevrolet Brookwood name in the United States, with the Bel Air, Impala and Caprice (the latter known as the Caprice Estate) nameplates continuing, replacing the previous Townsman, Kingswood and Kingswood Estate names, respectively.

In Canada, the Brookwood nameplate was gone, replaced by the Biscayne name, with both the wagon and its sedan mate continuing through the 1975 model year. Annual changes to the Biscayne wagon were identical to its more expensive brethren. For instance, the 1975 models saw interior dashboard, climate control and radio graphics revised, and intermittent windshield wipers and a new econominder gauge package being offered as optional equipment.

From 1969 until 1972 the car was built at the Oshawa Car Assembly in Ontario.

Notes

  1. http://www.oldride.com/library/1958_chevrolet_brookwood.html
  2. "Directory Index: Chevrolet/1958_Chevrolet/1958_Chevrolet_Owners_Manual". Oldcarbrochures.com. Retrieved 2011-11-20.
  3. http://www.automobile-catalog.com/make/chevrolet_usa/full-size_chevrolet_5gen/full-size_del_ray_wagon/1958.html
  4. 1 2 3 "Directory Index: Chevrolet/1958_Chevrolet/1958_Chevrolet_Wagons". Oldcarbrochures.com. Retrieved 2011-11-20.
  5. 1 2 3 http://auto.howstuffworks.com/1958-chevrolet.htm
  6. Flory, Jr., J. "Kelly" (2008). American Cars, 1946–1959 Every Model Every Year. McFarland & Company, Inc., Publishers. ISBN   978-0-7864-3229-5.
  7. "Directory Index: Chevrolet/1959_Chevrolet/1959_Chevrolet_Brochure". Oldcarbrochures.com. Retrieved 2011-11-20.
  8. http://www.oldcarbrochures.com/static/NA/Chevrolet/1959_Chevrolet/1959_Chevrolet_Owners_Manual/1959%20Chevrolet%20Manual-04.html
  9. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-03-13. Retrieved 2014-03-13.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  10. "Directory Index: Chevrolet/1962_Chevrolet/1962_Chevrolet_Full_Size_Brochure". Oldcarbrochures.com. Retrieved 2012-04-11.
  11. Norbye, Jan P.; Dunne, Jim (October 1970). "The '71 Wagons, Big Changes Coming Up". Popular Science: 74–75. Retrieved 10 October 2015.

Related Research Articles

Chevrolet Impala American full-size car

The Chevrolet Impala is a full-size car built by Chevrolet for model years 1958 to 1985, 1994 to 1996, and 2000 until 2020. The Impala was Chevrolet's popular flagship passenger car and was among the better selling American-made automobiles in the United States.

Chevrolet Biscayne Full-size sedan produced by Chevrolet

The Chevrolet Biscayne was a series of full-size cars produced by the American manufacturer Chevrolet between 1958 and 1975. Named after a show car displayed at the 1955 General Motors Motorama, the Biscayne was the least expensive model in the Chevrolet full-size car range. The absence of most exterior and fancy interior trimmings remained through the life of the series, as the slightly costlier Chevrolet Bel Air offered more interior and exterior features at a price significantly lower than the top of the line Chevrolet Impala.

Chevrolet Caprice Motor vehicle

The Chevrolet Caprice is a full-sized automobile produced by Chevrolet in North America for the 1965 to 1996 model years. Full-size Chevrolet sales peaked in 1965 with over a million sold. It was the most popular American car in the sixties and early seventies, which, during its lifetime, included the Biscayne, Bel Air, and Impala.

Chevrolet Bel Air American full-size automobile

The Chevrolet Bel Air was a full-size car produced by Chevrolet for the 1950–1975 model years. Initially, only the two-door hardtops in the Chevrolet model range were designated with the Bel Air name from 1950 to 1952. With the 1953 model year, the Bel Air name was changed from a designation for a unique body shape to a premium level of trim applied across a number of body styles. The Bel Air continued with various other trim level designations, and it went from a mid-level trim car to a budget fleet sedan when U.S. production ceased in 1975. Production continued in Canada, for its home market only, through the 1981 model year.

Pontiac Catalina Motor vehicle

The Pontiac Catalina is an automobile which was part of Pontiac's full-sized line from 1950 to 1981. Initially, the name was used strictly to denote hardtop body styles, first appearing in the 1950 Chieftain Eight and DeLuxe Eight lines. In 1959, the Catalina became a separate model, as the "entry-level" full-size Pontiac.

GM B platform Motor vehicle platform

The GM B platform was General Motors' full-size rear-wheel drive automobile platform from 1926 to 1996. It was closely related to the original rear-wheel drive GM C and GM D platforms, and was used for convertibles, hardtops, coupés, sedans, and station wagons.

Pontiac Parisienne Motor vehicle

The Pontiac Parisienne is a full-size rear-wheel drive vehicle that was sold by Pontiac on the GM B platform in Canada from 1958 to 1986 and in the United States from 1983 to 1986. Right-hand drive models were locally assembled in Australia, New Zealand, and South Africa until 1969. For most of its run, the Canadian Parisienne was nearly mechanically identical to the American Chevrolet Impala. The Parisienne wagon continued under the Safari nameplate until 1989. Parisienne or La Parisienne means a grammatically female person or thing from Paris, France.

Chevrolet Delray Motor vehicle

The Chevrolet Delray, named after the Delray neighborhood of Detroit, Michigan, debuted in 1954 as an optional trim level on two-door models of Chevrolet's mid-range 210 series of cars. In 1958, it became a distinct series of its own at the bottom of Chevy's lineup, and added a four-door sedan, and sedan delivery, but it only remained in production for that model year.

Pontiac Safari Motor vehicle

The Pontiac Safari is a station wagon that was produced by Pontiac. The Safari name was first applied to Pontiac's version of the 2-door Chevrolet Nomad station wagon. The body style, originally exhibited as a 1954 Chevrolet Corvette Motorama concept car, was shifted to Chevrolet and Pontiac full-size 1955 production vehicles because of the perceived greater sales potential.

Ford Del Rio Motor vehicle

The Ford Del Rio is a full-size, six-passenger station wagon that was produced by Ford in the United States for model years 1957 and 1958. The model was also marketed under the name Del Rio Ranch Wagon.

1957 Chevrolet Make of US auto

The 1957 Chevrolet is a car that was introduced by Chevrolet in September 1956 for the 1957 model year. It was available in three series models: the upscale Bel Air, the mid-range Two-Ten, and the One-Fifty. A two-door station wagon, the Nomad, was produced as a Bel Air model. An upscale trim option called the Delray was available for Two-Ten 2-door sedans. It is a popular and sought after classic car. These vehicles are often restored to their original condition and sometimes modified. The car's image has been frequently used in toys, graphics, music, movies, and television. The '57 Chevy, as it is often known, is an auto icon.

Chevrolet Nomad Motor vehicle

Chevrolet Nomad is a nameplate used by Chevrolet in North America from the 1950s to the 1970s, applied largely to station wagons. Three different Nomads were produced as a distinct model line, with Chevrolet subsequently using the name as a trim package.

The Chevrolet Townsman was a full-size station wagon produced by Chevrolet from 1953 to 1957 and again from 1969 to 1972.

The Chevrolet Kingswood was a 4-door station wagon produced by Chevrolet in 1959 and 1960, and again from 1969 to 1972 built on the GM B Body platform.

The Chevrolet Parkwood was a station wagon built by Chevrolet from 1959 to 1961. As the station wagon equivalent of the Bel Air passenger car series, it represented the middle member of the Chevrolet station wagon lineup of those years, above the lowest-priced Brookwood models, but below the luxury-leader Nomad.

Chevrolet Yeoman Station wagon produced by Chevrolet for the 1958 model year

The Chevrolet Yeoman was a station wagon produced by Chevrolet for the 1958 model year. The Yeoman was available in two models, a two-door and a four-door, both with six-passenger seating capacity. Based on the Delray passenger car series, the Yeoman represented the entry-level selections in the 1958 Chevrolet station wagon lineup, which also included the Brookwood and the Nomad.

1955 Chevrolet Motor vehicle

The 1955 Chevrolet is an automobile which was introduced by Chevrolet in Autumn 1954 for the 1955 model year. It is considered a huge turning point for the manufacturer and a major success. It was available in three models: the 150, 210, and Bel Air.

Chevrolet Impala (fifth generation) Motor vehicle

The fifth-generation Chevrolet Impala were full-sized automobiles produced by Chevrolet for the 1971 through 1976 model years and was one of GM's top-selling models throughout the 1970s. Models included a sport coupe using a semi-fastback roofline shared with other B-body GM cars, custom coupe with the formal roofline from the Caprice, four-door sedan, four-door hardtop sport sedan, and a convertible, - each of which rode on a new 121.5-inch wheelbase and measured 217 inches overall. Station wagons rode on a longer 125-inch wheelbase.

Chevrolet Impala (fourth generation) Motor vehicle

The Chevrolet Impala are full-size automobiles produced by Chevrolet for the 1965 through 1970 model years. The 1965 Impala was all new, while the 1967 and 1969 models featured new bodies on the same redesigned perimeter frame introduced on the 1965 models. All Impalas of this generation received annual facelifts as well, distinguishing each model year. Throughout the early 1960s, Chevrolet's basic body designs became increasingly subtle, while the bright trim that was part of the Impala package added more than a touch of luxury to the look. The same pattern was followed in the interiors, where the best materials and equipment Chevrolet had to offer were displayed. In short, the Impala was on its way to becoming a kind of junior-grade Cadillac, which, for both the company and its customers, was just fine.