Flint Truck Assembly

Last updated

Flint Truck Assembly is an automobile factory operated by General Motors in Flint, Michigan. It is the city's only main plant after the closure of Buick City. The Flint factory currently produces full-size GM pickup trucks. Engine block and cylinder heads were cast at Saginaw Metal Casting Operations, internal engine components were created at Bay City Powertrain and the engines were then assembled at Tonawanda Engine and Romulus Engine. For most of the 20th century Flint Assembly was the main plant for all Chevrolet vehicles.

Contents

History

The first factory location was in Flint, Michigan at the corner of Wilcox (now Chevrolet Avenue) and Kearsley Street, now known as "Chevy Commons", [1] along the Flint River, across the street from Kettering University.

The plant, at G 3100 Vanslyke Road, was built in 1947. [2]

In 1953 the first 300 Chevrolet Corvettes were hand built here before production was moved to St. Louis in 1954.

This factory also produced Chevrolet Bel Airs for the North American market. Encouraged to do a collaboration by the nearby Emily Pottery Company, GM shared some of the colors used for the car, such as sky blue, and as of 2020, the pottery manufacturer still makes ceramics using those colors, albeit in limited quantities.

Production was split between Fisher Body and Chevrolet where the body was manufactured by Fisher and the chassis, suspension and engine assembly was performed by Chevrolet. The Fisher operations were halted on June 24, 1970, with the entire factory turned over to Chevrolet.

For much of the 1970s, Flint was home to the large Chevrolet K5 Blazer and Chevrolet Suburban along with the Chevrolet Chevelle and Chevrolet Impala, with pickup truck production moved to Pontiac Assembly Center in Pontiac, Michigan in May 1987.

On August 31, 1991, production of the large SUVs was moved to Janesville Assembly in Wisconsin. All laid-off workers returned to the plant on August 10, 1992 as production began. After the discontinuation of Lordstown Van Assembly in 1993, Flint began to produce the former Lordstown Vans, the Chevrolet/GMC G-series vans and GMC Vandura. The full-size van division was moved to Wentzville Assembly in Missouri in July 1996, but a new product, the GMT480, began at Flint the previous year. The large commercial General Motors C/K trucks began production in 1997.

GM began production of GMT800 based Chevrolet Silverado and GMC Sierra HD pickup trucks and chassis cabs at the plant in 2005.

The factory's previous product, the GMT900-based trucks, began in February 2007. The factory also produced GM medium-duty trucks, which were phased out in 2009 after GM discontinued that division. [3] In 2010, GM produced the light duty crew cab pickups here. [4] In May 2013, GM began production on the successor to the GMT 900 platform series, the GMT K2XX, for its next generation of light duty crew cab trucks for the 2014 model year.

In May 2016, General Motors invested $900 million for an addition to the Flint Truck Assembly complex. GM has spent an additional $2.8 billion on the complex since 2009. [5]

On October 12, 2017, GM announced it would invest $79 million to bring a new trim shop to the complex. [6]

As of 2020, Flint Truck Assembly currently produces the Chevrolet Silverado HD and GMC Sierra HD Regular and Crew Cab models. [7]

Models

Some of the models produced at the plant included:

See also

Related Research Articles

GMC (formerly the General Motors Truck Company, or the GMC Truck & Coach Division, is a division of the American automobile manufacturer General Motors that primarily focuses on trucks and utility vehicles. GMC currently makes SUVs, pickup trucks, vans, and light-duty trucks, catered to a premium-based market. In the past, GMC also produced fire trucks, ambulances, heavy-duty trucks, military vehicles, motorhomes, transit buses, and medium duty trucks.

Chevrolet Silverado Motor vehicle

The Chevrolet Silverado is a range of trucks manufactured by General Motors under the Chevrolet brand. Introduced for the 1999 model year, the Silverado is the successor to the long-running Chevrolet C/K model line. Taking its name from the top trim level from the Chevrolet C/K series, the Silverado is offered as a series of full-size pickup trucks, chassis cab trucks, and medium-duty trucks. The fourth generation of the model line was introduced for the 2019 model year.

Chevrolet C/K Motor vehicle

C/K is a series of trucks that were manufactured by General Motors from the 1960 to 2002 model years. Marketed by both the Chevrolet and GMC divisions, the C/K series encompassed a wide range of vehicles. While most commonly associated with pickup trucks, the model line also included chassis-cab trucks and medium-duty trucks and served as the basis for GM full-size SUVs. Through its entire production, the model line competed directly against the Ford F-Series and the Dodge D series.

Duramax V8 engine Motor vehicle engine

The Duramax V8 engine is a family of 6.6-liter Diesel V8 engines produced by DMAX, a joint venture between General Motors and Isuzu in Moraine, Ohio. The Duramax block and heads are poured at The Defiance GM Powertrain foundry in Defiance County, Ohio. This engine was initially installed in 2001 Chevrolet and GMC trucks, and has since become an option in pickups, vans, and medium-duty trucks. In 2006, production at Moraine was reportedly limited to approximately 200,000 engines per year. On May 9, 2007, DMAX announced the production of the 1,000,000th Duramax V8 at its Moraine facility, followed by the 2,000,000th on March 24, 2017.

Chevrolet Express Motor vehicle

The Chevrolet Express is a range of full-size vans from General Motors. The successor of the Chevrolet Van, the Express is also sold through by the GMC division as the GMC Savana. Introduced for the 1996 model year, a single generation of the model line has been produced since 1995, serving as one of the longest-produced automotive designs in American automotive history.

Janesville Assembly Plant

Janesville Assembly Plant is a former automobile factory owned by General Motors located in Janesville, Wisconsin. Opened in 1919, it was the oldest operating GM plant when it was largely idled in December 2008, and ceased all remaining production on April 23, 2009. The demolition of the plant began in April 2018.

The Chevrolet and GMC B series was a series of cowled chassis that were produced by General Motors. Produced across three generations from 1966 to 2003, the model line was a variant of medium-duty trucks marketed under the Chevrolet and GMC nameplates. Initially derived from the medium-duty C/K series, later examples were derived from the GMT530 architecture.

Chevrolet Kodiak Motor vehicle

The Chevrolet Kodiak and GMC TopKick are a range of medium duty trucks that were produced by the Chevrolet and GMC divisions of General Motors from 1980 to 2009. Introduced as a variant of the medium-duty C/K truck line, three generations were produced. Slotted between the C/K trucks and the GMC Brigadier Class 8 conventional, the Kodiak/TopKick were developed as a basis for vocationally-oriented trucks, including cargo haulers, dump trucks, and similar vehicles; on later generations, both cutaway and cowled-chassis variants were produced for bus use.

Pontiac East Assembly was a General Motors manufacturing facility located in Pontiac, Michigan. The manufacturing complex at 2100 South Opdyke Road occupied a rectangular 162-acre site directly east of the GM Pontiac Centerpoint Complex. Hourly workers were represented by UAW Local 594.

Toledo Transmission Operations is a 2.8 million square feet; 151 acres General Motors transmission factory in Toledo, Ohio.

GMT800 Motor vehicle platform

The GMT800 was a General Motors full-size truck platform used from the 1999 through 2006 model years. It is the foundation for the Chevrolet Silverado and GMC Sierra pickups; and the derivative GMT820 and GMT830 versions for the Chevrolet Tahoe/GMC Yukon and the Chevrolet Suburban/GMC Yukon XL full-size SUVs, respectively. This platform was the successor to the GMT400 series of C/K pickups and SUVs, and was replaced for 2007 by the GMT900 line.

Oshawa Car Assembly A vehicle manufacturing facility in Oshawa, Ontario

Oshawa Car Assembly is a manufacturing facility in the city of Oshawa, Ontario, Canada, that built various automobiles for General Motors Canada. Vehicles were primarily produced for the US, Canadian, and Mexican markets, but they also built exports for various countries around the world, particularly South America and the Middle East. Historically the Oshawa plant was the source of all right-hand-drive market GM exports with complete vehicles or knock-down kits shipped to Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, and the United Kingdom until the end of the 1960s. At one time, the factory was one of the largest auto manufacturing facilities in the world, with two car assembly plants, a truck assembly plant, as well as parts production including Harrison radiators, AC Delco batteries and American Axle. Between 1999 and 2019, it had won more quality and productivity awards than any other GM plant. The plant is part of the larger GM Autoplex.

GMC Brigadier Motor vehicle

The GMC Brigadier is a series of heavy-duty trucks that were assembled by the GMC Truck and Coach Division of General Motors. The second generation of the H/J-series heavy-duty conventionals, the Brigadier was produced from 1978 to 1989. Slotted between the largest medium-duty C/K trucks and the GMC General, the Brigadier was a Class 7-8 short-hood conventional similar to the Ford L-Series and Mack Model R. Configured in both straight truck and semi-tractor layouts, the Brigadier saw use in short-haul, vocational, and severe-service applications.

GMC Astro Motor vehicle

The Chevrolet Titan and GMC Astro are heavy-duty cabover trucks that were manufactured by the GMC Truck and Coach Division of General Motors. The largest cabover trucks ever produced by GM, the Titan were introduced for 1969, replacing the 1960-1968 GMC "Crackerbox" COEs. The Astro and Titan would become the final trucks of the type assembled and marketed by General Motors, following the 1981 exit of Chevrolet from heavy truck sales and the 1986 creation of the Volvo GM joint venture.

Flint, Michigan auto industry

Flint, Michigan is a city which previously relied on its auto industry, and still does to an extent. Over the past several decades, General Motors plants in Genesee County have experienced re-namings, management shifts, openings, closures, reopenings, and spinoffs.

General Motors 90° V6 engine Former American engine

The Chevrolet 90° V6 family of V6 engines began in 1978 with the Chevrolet 200 cu in (3.3 L) as the base engine for the all new 1978 Chevrolet Malibu. The original engine family was phased out in early 2014, with its final use as the 4.3 L (262 cu in) V6 engine used in Chevrolet and GMC trucks and vans. Its phaseout marks the end of an era of Chevrolet small-block engine designs dating back to the 1955 model year. A new Generation V 4.3 L (262 cu in) V6 variant entered production in late 2013, based on the LT1 small block V8 used in the 2014 Chevrolet Silverado.

GMT K2XX Motor vehicle platform

GMT K2XX is an assembly code for a vehicle platform architecture developed by General Motors for its line of full-size trucks and large SUVs that started production with the 2014 model year. The "XX" is a place holder for the last two digits of the specific assembly code for each model. The platform, which replaced the GMT900 series that had been in production from 2007 to 2013, was introduced in April 2013 for the 2014 Model Year on the trucks, followed by the December 2013 production on the 2015 large SUVs that debuted in February 2014. The GMT K2XX products are being produced at four GM assembly plants: Arlington, Flint, and Fort Wayne in the United States, along with Silao Assembly in Mexico for the crew cab light duty pickups.

Chevrolet C/K (third generation) American truck series

The third generation of the C/K series is a range of trucks that was manufactured by General Motors. Marketed under the Chevrolet and GMC brands from the 1973 to the 1991 model years, this generation is the longest-produced version of the C/K model line. Adopting the "Rounded Line" moniker by General Motors, the third-generation C/K is the second longest-produced generation of American pickup trucks.

Chevrolet C/K (fourth generation) American truck series

The fourth generation of the C/K series is a range of trucks that was manufactured by General Motors. Marketed by the Chevrolet and GMC brands from the 1988 to the 2000 model years, this generation is the final version of the C/K model line. The C/K nomenclature itself became exclusive to Chevrolet, with the GMC division applying the GMC Sierra nameplate across its entire full-size pickup truck line. Internally codenamed the GMT400 platform, the fourth generation C/K was not given a word moniker. After its production, the model line would informally become known by the public as the "OBS", in reference to its GMT800 successor.

Defiance Casting Operations is an automobile engine foundry plant in Defiance, Ohio. Opened under GM management in 1948, the factory produces engine blocks and cylinder heads for General Motors vehicles. The factory currently occupies 1.9 million square feet on 428.6 acres. The location opened to support operations at Saginaw Metal Casting Operations. The factory started operations on August 23, 1948, and from 1948 through 1991, the foundry was part of GM's Central Foundry Division along with Saginaw. Later, Defiance Casting, also called Central Foundry, became part of the new GM Powertrain group. Today cylinder block and cylinder head castings for Inline 4, V6 and V8 engines are used in a variety of Chevrolet, Buick, GMC and Cadillac vehicles, and the address is 26427 State Route 281, Defiance, Ohio. 43512.

References

  1. At coordinates 43°00′31″N83°42′36″W / 43.0086339°N 83.7099114°W
  2. "Flint Assembly". GM Corporate Newsroom. 25 September 2018. Retrieved 9 December 2018.CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. "GM Shuts Down Line At Flint Truck For Good". WNEM-TV . July 31, 2009. Archived from the original on August 2, 2009. Retrieved November 20, 2009.CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  4. Feick, Joel (September 21, 2009). "Flint Assembly gets GM light-duty truck work". ABC 12 News. Archived from the original on February 14, 2010. Retrieved December 9, 2018.
  5. Adams, Dominic (May 11, 2016). "GM says new body shop will allow more truck production at Flint Assembly". The Flint Journal . Retrieved December 9, 2018 via MLive.com.
  6. Acosta, Roberto (October 12, 2017). "General Motors invests $79M for new trim shop at Flint Assembly plant". The Flint Journal. Retrieved December 9, 2018 via MLive.com.
  7. https://media.gm.com/media/us/en/gm/company_info/facilities/assembly/flint.html

Coordinates: 42°59′6.39″N83°43′0.74″W / 42.9851083°N 83.7168722°W / 42.9851083; -83.7168722