Chevrolet Cobalt

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Chevrolet Cobalt
White Cobalt LT.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer General Motors
Production2004–2009
2011–present
Model years 2005–2010 (North America)
2012–present
Body and chassis
Class Compact car
Layout Front engine, front wheel drive
Chronology
Predecessor Geo/Chevrolet Prizm (Cobalt)
Chevrolet Cavalier (Cobalt)
Pontiac Sunfire (G5)
Successor Chevrolet Cruze (Cobalt)
Buick Verano (G5)
Chevrolet Onix (3rd generation)

The Chevrolet Cobalt is a compact car introduced by Chevrolet in 2004 for the 2005 model year. The Cobalt replaced both the Cavalier and the Toyota-based Geo/Chevrolet Prizm as Chevrolet's compact car. The Cobalt was available as both a coupe and sedan, as well as a sport compact version dubbed the Cobalt SS. Like the Chevrolet HHR and the Saturn ION, it was based on the GM Delta platform.

Contents

A Pontiac version was sold in the United States and Mexico under the G5 name for 2007–2009. It was sold as the Pontiac G4 in Mexico for 2005–2006 and as the Pontiac G5 in Canada for its entire run (where it was briefly known as the Pontiac Pursuit and later Pontiac G5 Pursuit). The G5 replaced the Cavalier-related Pontiac Sunfire. While the Cobalt was available as a 2-door coupe and a 4-door sedan in all markets it was offered in, the G5 was only available as a coupé in the United States while a sedan version was sold alongside the coupé in Canada and Mexico.

As with their predecessors, all Cobalts and its Pontiac equivalents were manufactured at GM's plant in Ramos Arizpe, Mexico and Lordstown, Ohio. The United States Environmental Protection Agency classified the Cobalt as a subcompact car. [1]

First generation (2004)

First generation
Chevrolet Cobalt Coupe.jpg
Overview
Also calledPontiac G5 (2007–2010)
Pontiac Pursuit (2005-2006, Canada)
Pontiac G5 Pursuit (2006 only, Canada)
Pontiac G4 (2005-2006, Mexico)
Production2004–2010
Model years 2005–2010
Assembly Lordstown, Ohio, U.S.
Ramos Arizpe, Mexico
Designer Phil Zak
Body and chassis
Body style 2-door coupe
4-door sedan
Platform Delta platform [2]
Related Opel Astra H
Chevrolet Cobalt SS
Chevrolet HHR
Saturn ION
Powertrain
Engine 2.0 L Turbo LNF I4
2.0 L S/C LSJ I4
2.2 L L61 I4
2.4 L LE5 I4
2.2 L LAP I4
Transmission 5-speed F35 (MU3) manual
5-speed Getrag F23 manual
4-speed 4T45 automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 103.3 in (2,624 mm)
Length180.5 in (4,585 mm) (coupe)
180.3 in (4,580 mm) (sedan)
Width67.9 in (1,725 mm)
Height57.1 in (1,450 mm) (sedan)
55.5 in (1,410 mm) (coupe)
Curb weight 1,246 kg (2,747 lb) (sedan)
1,216 kg (2,681 lb) (coupe)
Chronology
Predecessor Chevrolet Cavalier
Chevrolet Prizm
Pontiac Sunfire (G5)
Successor Chevrolet Cruze (Cobalt & G5)
Buick Verano (G5)

Specifications

The front suspension was independent with MacPherson struts, while a semi-independent torsion beam was used in the rear. The wheelbase was 103.3 in (2,624 mm), longer than its competitors, and the width was 68.4 in (1,737 mm). Weight was average in-class, at 2,681 lb (1,216 kg) for the coupe and 2,747 lb (1,246 kg) for the sedan. For 2009, the United States Environmental Protection Agency fuel economy was increased to 24 mpgUS (9.8 L/100 km; 29 mpgimp) city/34 mpgUS (6.9 L/100 km; 41 mpgimp) highway with automatic transmission, and 26 mpgUS (9.0 L/100 km; 31 mpgimp) city/37 mpgUS (6.4 L/100 km; 44 mpgimp) highway with manual transmission. The engine output was increased to 155 hp (116 kW).

Year-to-year changes

Safety

According to the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) the Cobalt receives an overall top score of "Good" for front collisions. [6] However, it receives a "Poor" overall score for side impacts without side curtain airbags, [7] and an "Acceptable" overall score with side curtain airbags. [8] In 2008, side curtain airbags became standard, but the Cobalt's structure remains the same and consequently in structure/safety category of the IIHS's side impact test the Cobalt receives a "Marginal" score. Side airbags are limited to the curtain type; torso type side airbags are unavailable. [9] According to the IIHS's injury measurements taken from the side impact test, the driver's torso is given a "Marginal" score.

The IIHS also found 2005-08 model year Cobalts had the highest fatality rate in the small 4 door car class, with 117 deaths per million registered years compared to its class average of 71. [10]

2010 NHTSA sedan crash test: [11]

Before 2009 the Cobalt only offered stability control as an option on Sport models. [9]

Defects and recalls

In early 2007, 98,000 Cobalt coupes from the 2005–06 model years were recalled after it was discovered they did not meet federal safety requirements because of a lack of adequate padding in a specific area of the vehicle's trim. This resulted in an unacceptable vulnerability to head injuries, though GM claimed the vulnerability would only affect motorists not wearing a seat belt. [12]

On March 2, 2010, GM announced a recall of 1.3 million compact cars in North America, including the Chevrolet Cobalt, because of power steering problems. [13] GM implemented the repair on older models before fixing more recent models, as the car was replaced by the Chevrolet Cruze in late 2010. The Pontiac G5 and its international variants were also affected, though GM had already ended production of the Pontiac brand by that point.

On September 28, 2012, GM announced a recall of 40,859 cars including the Chevrolet Cobalt from the 2007-09 model year because of a potential fuel leak. Although the recall was limited to five states, vehicles from other southern states were covered for repair when summer heat caused cracks in the fuel reservoir assembly. The fuel vapor leak could be detected during hot days by a gasoline smell in the vicinity of the car. [14]

Faulty ignition switches in the Cobalts, which cut power to the car while in motion, were eventually linked to many crashes resulting in fatalities, starting with a teenager in 2005 who drove her new Cobalt into a tree. [15] The switch continued to be used in the manufacture of the vehicles even after the problem was known to GM. [16] On February 21, 2014, GM recalled over 700,000 Cobalts for issues traceable to the defective ignition switches. In May 2014 the NHTSA fined the company $35 million for failing to recall cars with faulty ignition switches for a decade, despite knowing there was a problem with the switches. Thirteen deaths were linked to the faulty switches during the time the company failed to recall the cars. [17] [18]

Engines

YearsEnginePowerTorque
2005–20062.2 L Ecotec L61 I4 145 hp (108 kW)155 lb⋅ft (210 N⋅m)
2007–20082.2 L Ecotec L61 I4 148 hp (110 kW)155 lb⋅ft (210 N⋅m)
2009–20102.2 L Ecotec LAP I4 155 hp (116 kW)150 lb⋅ft (203 N⋅m)
20062.4 L Ecotec LE5 I4 171 hp (128 kW)163 lb⋅ft (221 N⋅m)
2007–20082.4 L Ecotec LE5 I4 173 hp (129 kW)163 lb⋅ft (221 N⋅m)
2005–20072.0 L Ecotec LSJ S/C I4 205 hp (153 kW)200 lb⋅ft (271 N⋅m)
2008–20102.0 L Ecotec LNF Turbo I4 260 hp (194 kW)260 lb⋅ft (353 N⋅m)

Sales

Model YearU.S. Sales
20044,960
2005212,667
2006211,451
2007200,621
2008188,045
2008 Special Edition SS5,000
2009 [19] 104,724
2010 [20] 97,376
2011127,472

Pontiac G5

The Pontiac G5 was a rebadged version of the Chevrolet Cobalt.

The Pontiac Pursuit was originally introduced in Canada as a sedan in 2005. The Pontiac Pursuit was only available as a sedan and was only sold in Canada from 2005 to 2006. In 2006, another version of the vehicle was released called the Pontiac G5 Pursuit in Canada, but it was now available as both a sedan and a coupe. This vehicle was available as both a sedan and coupe also in Mexico as the Pontiac G4 from 2005 to 2006.

In the United States, the Pontiac G5 went on sale in 2006 as a 2007 model, serving as the replacement for the Pontiac Sunfire. The Pontiac G5 in the United States was only available as a coupe. However, in Canada, and in Mexico, the Pontiac G5 went on sale in early 2007 as a 2007 model, available as both a sedan and coupe.

General Motors discontinued the Pontiac G5 in the United States in 2009. One year later in 2010, General Motors discontinued the Pontiac G5 in both Canada and Mexico. The G5 was discontinued as a direct result of General Motors phasing out the Pontiac brand in 2010. In the United States and in Mexico, the Chevrolet Cruze had replaced both Chevrolet Cobalt and the Pontiac G5. The Buick Verano had replaced the Pontiac G5 in Canada.

Replacement

In 2009, Chevrolet launched the Cobalt's eventual successor, the Chevrolet Cruze (based on the new Delta II platform), in Europe, with launches in other markets (including the US) following in 2010. The Cobalt ended production on June 23, 2010. [21] With the discontinuation of the Pontiac brand by GM in 2010, the Buick Verano is marketed as the G5's successor in Canada, while the Cruze serves as a de facto replacement for the Pontiac G5 in the United States.

Second generation (2011)

Second generation
Chevrolet Cobalt 2013 in Russia.JPG
Overview
Also called Ravon R4 (Uzbekistan, 2016–2020)
Production2011–2019 (Brazil)
2012–2016 (Colombia)
2013–present (Uzbekistan)
Model years 2012–present
Assembly São Caetano do Sul, Brazil (GM Brazil)
Asaka, Uzbekistan (GM Uzbekistan/UzAuto Motors) [22]
Bogotá, Colombia (GM Colombia)
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door sedan
Platform Gamma II platform
Related Chevrolet Sonic
Opel Corsa E
Powertrain
Engine 1.4 L I4 flex-fuel
1.8 L I4 flex-fuel
1.5 L I4 gasoline
Transmission 6-speed manual
6-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,620 mm (103 in)
Length4,479 mm (176.3 in)
Width1,735 mm (68.3 in)
Height1,514 mm (59.6 in)
Chronology
Predecessor Chevrolet Astra (Latin America)
Chevrolet Viva (Russia)
Successor Chevrolet Onix Plus (Latin America)

In 2011, General Motors Brazil introduced a new model bearing the Cobalt name in the Brazilian market. [23] This Cobalt replaced the aging local Chevrolet Astra. The car is equipped with a 1.4 Econo.Flex engine. Although sporting a similar front end style, it is not directly related to the Chevrolet Agile, since it shares the overall underpinnings with the 2011 Chevrolet Sonic, [24] while the Agile is derived from the considerably older Opel Corsa B, from 1993.

Chevrolet had no plans to bring the Cobalt to the North American market, which already had the Chevrolet Sonic and Chevrolet Spark as the subcompact cars in the continent. In GM Brazil's line-up, it is situated above the Chevrolet Prisma and below the Chevrolet Cruze.

2016 Ravon R4 Ravon R4.jpg
2016 Ravon R4

In January 2013, the Cobalt was launched in the Russian market, where it was imported from Uzbekistan. [25] There, it was offered with a 1.5-litre engine, producing 77 kW (105 PS) and 134 N⋅m (99 lb⋅ft). [26] The Cobalt was retired in Russia in December 2015, when Chevrolet decided to minimise its presence only to its iconic models. However, in late 2016, it was reintroduced under the new Ravon marque as the Ravon R4. [22]

The Chevrolet Cobalt was assembled in Colombia too. It was equipped with a simple range of two versions and a single 1.8-liter 8-valve 106-horsepower engine. With a very discreet commercial performance and a taxi variant, its production in the Colombian market ended in early 2016. [27]

2017 Chevrolet Cobalt 1.8 LTZ (Facelift) Chevrolet Cobalt 1.8 LTZ 2017 (38346300391).jpg
2017 Chevrolet Cobalt 1.8 LTZ (Facelift)

The Cobalt received a facelift in late 2015 for the 2016 model year. [28] [29] Its main rivals are the Nissan Versa and the Renault Logan. [24]

In Brazil, production ended in late 2019, with 2020 being the final model year. The Cobalt has been succeeded by the Chevrolet Onix Plus sedan, which achieved higher sales upon its launch in 2019. [30]

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