Isuzu Aska

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Isuzu Aska
1997 Isuzu Aska sedan 01.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Isuzu
Production1983-2002
Body and chassis
Class Family car
Body style 4-door sedan
Chronology
Predecessor Isuzu Florian

The Isuzu Aska was a nameplate used by Isuzu Motors Ltd. of Japan to denote their mid-size sedans from 1983 to 2002. Originally, the Aska was a version of GM's J-car produced by Isuzu, but later, after Isuzu pulled out of manufacturing passenger cars, the nameplate was applied to rebadged versions of the Subaru Legacy (1990 to 1993) and Honda Accord (1994 to 2002) sold through Isuzu's Japanese distribution network.

Contents

The Aska replaced the Isuzu Florian in Isuzu's lineup and was discontinued in 2002 without a replacement, as Isuzu withdrew from the passenger car business completely.

The name comes from the Japanese word, "Asuka", which is the old name of the Asuka Village in the Nara Prefecture of Japan. Because the name "Asuka" is likely to be mispronounced in foreign countries, the "u" was taken away from the name, presenting the model as the "Aska".

First generation (19831989)

First generation
JJ120 ASKA irmscher.jpg
Overview
Also called
  • Isuzu Florian Aska
  • Isuzu Uhuru (Kenya)
  • Chevrolet JJ
  • Chevrolet Aska
  • Holden Aska (Indonesia)
  • Holden Camira (JJ) (New Zealand)
Production19831989
Assembly
Body and chassis
Layout Transverse front-engine, front-wheel drive
Platform GM J platform
Related Chevrolet Cavalier
Holden Camira
Opel Ascona C
Powertrain
Engine 1,817 cc 4ZB1 I4 (JJ110)
1,995 cc 4ZC1 I4 (JJ120)
1,995 cc 4ZC1-T turbo I4 (JJ120)
1,995 cc 4FC1 diesel/td I4 (JJ510)
Transmission 4/5-speed manual
3-speed automatic
5-speed semi-automatic (NAVi5)

The original Aska was developed as a part of GM's J-car program and was a replacement for Isuzu's dated Florian. In contrast to fellow J-cars from other GM divisions, the Aska only came in one body style, a four-door sedan (the station wagon body style on the Florian was always relatively unpopular). The Isuzu J-car variant differed most notably in the rear styling from other J-car variants. From 1983 to 1984, the Aska was known as the "Florian Aska", before being renamed simply "Aska" in 1985. [1]

Isuzu Aska Irmscher Turbo.jpg
Isuzu Aska Irmscher Turbo (JJ120)
Isuzu NAVi5 selector.jpg
Early NAVi5 shift lever

The car was launched in March 1983 with carburetted 1.8 and 2.0 litre gasoline engines and a diesel, going on sale a month later. In August 1983 the Turbodiesel followed, with 89 PS (65 kW). In October 1983, a turbocharged and fuel injected version of the 2.0 litre engine, which developed 150 PS, joined the lineup as the LJ Turbo. [2] In November 1985 a version branded by the German tuner Irmscher (specializing in Opels, they cooperated with Isuzu on some other models as well), this version featured a distinctive body kit and became somewhat of a cult object among some car fans in Japan.

In September 1984 the innovative (but ultimately unsuccessful) semi-automatic NAVi5 system became available for the naturally-aspirated Aska 2.0. [3] This was an automated manual transmission with an electronically-operated clutch, long before Alfa Romeo's Selespeed. In March 1985 the diesel also became available with the NAVi5 transmission, and from September 1986 the LG Turbodiesel was also available with it. The Aska underwent a very subtle facelift in July 1985, which was also when the "Florian" portion of the car's name was dropped. [3]

The first generation Aska was discontinued in March 1989; production totaled 108,512 cars. Isuzu did not have a contender in this segment for about a year's time until the second generation Aska was presented.

Export markets

South America (Chile, Ecuador)

1985 Chevrolet Aska 1.8 Limited (Chile) 1985 Chevrolet Aska 1.8 Limited.jpg
1985 Chevrolet Aska 1.8 Limited (Chile)

From 1984, the Aska was assembled in Arica, Chile from CKD kits and sold as Chevrolet Aska in the Chilean domestic market and in Ecuador. Chilean Askas came in three equipment levels (LT, Limited, and Deluxe), with two engines and either automatic or five-speed manual transmissions. While the two lesser versions both received a 91 PS (67 kW) 1.8-litre coupled to the five-speed, the Deluxe got the larger 2-litre with 100 PS (74 kW), only fitted with the automatic transmission. [4]




South-East Asia and New Zealand

The Aska was exported to Southeast Asia, where it was known as the Isuzu JJ, [5] and to New Zealand as the Holden Camira (JJ) between 1984 and 1987, in lieu of the JD Camira, manufactured in Australia because the previous Australian-sourced JB Camira fared badly in the New Zealand market (nonetheless, the JD series wagon was imported concurrently from Australia). General Motors New Zealand switched back to the updated Australian version (JE) in 1987 due to the strengthening of Japanese Yen. In Indonesia, the two-liter version with 74 kW (101 PS) was briefly sold as the "Holden Aska" alongside the 1.6-liter Camira. [6]

1984-1987 Holden Camira (JJ) sedan 01.jpg
1984-1987 Holden Camira (JJ) sedan 02.jpg
1984–1987 Holden Camira (JJ), New Zealand

Second generation (19901993)

Second generation
Isuzu Aska 12875.jpg
Overview
Also called Subaru Legacy
Isuzu Aska CX
Isuzu Aska E/T/V
Production19901993
Assembly Ōta, Gunma (Japan; Subaru)
Layout FF (standard)
AWD (optional on 2.0L)
Powertrain
Engine 1.8 L EJ18 H4
2.0 L EJ20 H4
Transmission 5-speed manual
4-speed automatic

With the exception of the American market, the J platform did not continue into the 1990s. Not having the resources to develop a mid-size car on their own, Isuzu forged a short-lived alliance with Subaru. This provided for Isuzu to supply Subaru with Isuzu Bighorns (rebadged as the Subaru Bighorn), while Isuzu rebadged Subaru's mid-size Legacy sedan as the Isuzu Aska, beginning in June 1990. Both rebadged models were sold only in the Japanese market. There was also a Subaru Leone Van version briefly available, badged as the Isuzu Geminett II.

The EJ series engine was offered in both 1.8 and 2.0 liter displacements. The engine has either single or double overhead camshaft architecture and pent-roof, cross flow cylinder firing chambers.

The 2.0 liter fuel delivery was managed with sequential multiport fuel injection, and the 1.8 liter engine used a modified fuel delivery system with single point throttle body fuel injection called SPFI. The DOHC 2.0 liter non turbocharged engine had a dual stage intake manifold.

The 2.0 liter vehicle came optional with Subaru's AWD system while the 1.8 came with FWD only. As with all other Askas, this was only ever available with four-door saloon bodywork. The Aska was discontinued in May 1993, as the Subaru deal came to an end.

Isuzu aska bcl 2.0cxtypeg 1 f.jpg
Isuzu Aska 2.0 CX type-G (facelift), front
Isuzu aska bcl 2.0cxtypeg 1 r.jpg
Isuzu Aska 2.0 CX type-G (facelift), rear


Third generation (19941997)

Third generation
ISUZU ASKA3-1.jpg
Overview
Also called Honda Accord
Production19941997
Assembly Sayama, Japan (Honda Sayama Automobile Plant)
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door sedan
Layout FF
Powertrain
Engine 2.0 L F20B1 I4
Transmission 5-speed manual
4-speed automatic
Dimensions
Length4,675 mm (184.1 in)
Width1,760 mm (69.3 in)
Height1,410 mm (55.5 in)

Later, Isuzu entered a more substantial model-exchange alliance with Honda. Among other models, it encompassed the rebadging of the Honda Accord sedan as the Isuzu Aska. This model was presented in March 1994, after stock of the Legacy-based, previous generation Aska had been sold out. The only difference to the Accord was the grille and logos.

It was only offered with a two-liter four-cylinder engine, combined with a four-speed automatic transmission. The model code assigned to it by Isuzu was CJ1. Production came to an end in September 1997, with sales from stock continuing for another two months.

Fourth generation (19972002)

Fourth generation
ISUZU ASKA4-1.jpg
Overview
Also called Honda Accord
Honda Torneo
Production19982002
Assembly Sayama, Japan
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door sedan
Layout FF
Powertrain
Engine 1.8 L F18B I4
2.0 L F20B1 I4
Transmission 5-speed manual
4-speed automatic
Dimensions
Length4,635 mm (182.5 in)
Width1,695 mm (66.7 in)
Height1,420 mm (55.9 in)

Introduced in November 1997, this was the second generation of Accord-based Askas - thus the third generation Aska was the fifth generation Accord and the fourth was the sixth generation Accord sedan. The Aska remained a Japanese-only model and was discontinued in 2002. Model codes were CJ2 for the 1.8 and CJ3 for the 2.0. The engines produce 140 and 150 PS (103 and 110 kW) respectively and both were available with either a five-speed manual or a four-speed automatic transmission. The differences between this and the Accord were limited to the grille, logos, and wheels. One additional change was that the engine head cover had the Honda logo removed, with only "VTEC" remaining.

The fourth generation Aska received a light facelift in June 2000. This change included new bumpers, redesigned taillights, interior updates, and cleaner engines. Production ended in March 2002, with sales from stock continuing until September. This marked the end of Isuzu passenger car sales, 49 years after their first car was presented.

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References

  1. The Oriental Economist Tanzan Ishibashi, 1983, page 19
  2. Mastrostefano, Raffaele, ed. (1985). Quattroruote: Tutte le Auto del Mondo 1985 (in Italian). Milano: Editoriale Domus S.p.A. p. 485. ISBN   88-7212-012-8.
  3. 1 2 別冊CG: 自動車アーカイヴ 80年代の日本[Car Graphic: Car Archives Vol. 11, '80s Japanese Cars] (in Japanese). Tokyo: Nigensha. 2007. p. 242. ISBN   978-4-544-91018-6.
  4. Chevrolet Aska (advertisement), GM Automotriz Chile (GMAC), 1986
  5. Singapore Business, Volume 8, Issues 1-6, Singapore Press Holdings, 1984, page 108
  6. Tempo, Volume 15, Part 3, Badan Usaha Jaya Press Japansan Jaya Raya, 1985, page 59