Holden Brougham

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Holden Brougham
Holden brougham.JPG
Overview
Manufacturer Holden (General Motors)
Production1968–1971
Body and chassis
Class Full-size luxury car
Body style 4-door sedan
Layout FR layout
Related Holden Premier
Chevrolet Constantia
Powertrain
Engine 4,093 cc Chevrolet 250 I6 (ZA)
5,025 cc Chevrolet 307 V8 [1]
5,042 cc GMH 308 V8
Transmission 2-speed Powerglide automatic (HK, HT) [1]
3-speed Tri-Matic automatic (HT (May 1970 onwards), HG) [2] [3]
Dimensions
Wheelbase 111.5 in (2,832 mm) [1]
Length192 in (4,877 mm) [1]
Width71.4 in (1,814 mm) [1]
Height56 in (1,422 mm) [1]
Curb weight 3,097 lb (1,405 kg) [1]
Chronology
Predecessor Pontiac Parisienne
Successor Statesman

The Holden Brougham is a large, luxury automobile that was produced by Holden in Australia between July 1968 and 1971.

Contents

It was based on the mainstream Holden Premier of the same years, but with a lengthened rear body. The boot was simply extended by 8 inches (200 mm) rather than increasing the 111-inch (2,800 mm) wheelbase. [4] The Premier's four-headlight grille was also kept. The model was a hasty response to Ford Australia's successful Fairlane.

History

The HK series Brougham was launched in July 1968 along with the new Monaro coupés, six months after the HK Series Holden Belmont/Kingswood/Premier models. The Brougham then followed the model cycles of these mainstream Holdens: the HT series was announced in July 1969 and the HG series in August 1970.

Because of its luxury positioning, the Brougham was only available with an automatic transmission, first a two-speed, then a three-speed after the HG's launch. The only engine available in the original HK Series Brougham was a Chevrolet 307-cubic-inch (5.0 L) V8. [4] The HT series was launched with the new Holden designed and built 308 cubic inch V8, and was the first Holden to be powered by this engine (the rest of the HT range got the 307 until the 308 was made available across the HT range in September 1969). The 308 was carried over to the HG Series Brougham. [5]

Throughout its production life the Ford Fairlane outsold it by a large margin. The Brougham was replaced by the long-wheelbase Statesman models in 1971, on the redesigned HQ platform. [6]

South Africa

From 1969 to 1971 the Brougham was marketed in South Africa as the Chevrolet Constantia. [7] In addition to the name change, the Constantia featured a unique grille and had trafficators on the leading edge of the front fenders (as did its little sister, the Chevrolet Kommando). [7] It utilised a 250 cid (4,093 cc) Chevrolet inline-six or, as an option, Chevrolet's 307 cu in (5,025 cc) small block V8. [8] Either engine version came equipped with the two-speed "Powerglide" automatic transmission. [8]

Notes

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Garnier (1969). "Australian luxury saloon powered by American vee-8 engine. Very smooth two speed automatic and good performance. Over sensitive, low-geared power steering. Excellent brakes. Reasonable ride, suspension noisy. Nice interior. No plans for imports yet."
  2. Bebbington (1998), p. 36. "Tri-matic automatic transmission replaced Powerglide late in the [HT] model run (May '70)".
  3. Bebbington (1998), p. 38. "[The HG signified] the official introduction of the Tri-matic three-speed automatic transmission to the full-size car range."
  4. 1 2 Darwin (2002), p. 246.
  5. Darwin (1983), p. 170.
  6. "Car review – Holden Statesman V6 sedan". GoAuto. John Mellor. Retrieved 5 March 2008.
  7. 1 2 Restored Cars No. 174, Jan–Feb 2006, pages 26–28
  8. 1 2 Braunschweig, Robert; et al., eds. (11 March 1971). "Automobil Revue '71" (in German and French). 66. Berne, Switzerland: Hallwag SA: 1.Cite journal requires |journal= (help)

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