Buick XP2000

Last updated
Buick XP2000
1995 Buick XP2000.jpg
1995 image from GM promotional materials
Type concept car
Manufacturer Buick
Also calledXP-2000
AssemblyGM Australia Design, Australia
Body and chassis
Class luxury fullsize (F)
Body style sedan
Layout front-engine, RWD
Platform V (RWD)
Related Holden Commodore
Engine naturally aspirated Holden V8
Capacity5.0 liters
Transmission 4-speed automatic
Wheelbase 2940 mm (115.9 in)
Length4920 mm (193.7 in)

XP2000 or XP-2000 was the name of a concept car produced by Buick of General Motors (GM). It was assembled in 1995 by GM's Australian division Holden, and first showcased at the North American International, Chicago, and Los Angeles auto shows that same year. [1] [2] Styled similarly to the then-current Commodore model, the XP2000 featured a number of new technologies that would eventually make their way into future GM vehicles. As of October 2016, the XP2000 concept is currently a part of the collection of the J.A. Cooley Museum in San Diego, California. [3]


History and development

1998 Holden Commodore, which shared many internal components and styling cues with the XP2000. 1998 Holden Commodore (VT) Executive sedan (2009-07-23) 01.jpg
1998 Holden Commodore, which shared many internal components and styling cues with the XP2000.

General Motors, parent company of Buick and Holden, took an interest in rebadging a Commodore for the Buick lineup in 1994. As such, GM allocated the funding to Holden to manufacture a portion of the next Commodore platform in left-hand-drive (LHD). [4] The project, known as "GMX 127" or "Project 127", culminated the next year in the XP2000 concept, though the project was scrapped the following year due to financial concerns. [5] Following the cancellation, Buick general manager Ed Mertz reportedly noted that some of the car's new technological features would probably be offered soon on other models. [6]

Despite being scrapped, the adaption of the VT's underpinnings to LHD would not go unused. This architecture would go on to be used in the Chevrolet Lumina and its rebadged variants, as well as in shortened form for the fifth-generation Pontiac GTO. [7]

As of at least October 2016, the concept vehicle is a part of installations at the J.A. Cooley Museum in San Diego. [8]


Much of the work done to produce the XP2000 was focused upon its internal technologies, so as to showcase future systems intended to improve driver safety, comfort, and convenience. [9] A suite of assistance features were a part of the vehicle, including keyless entry, heads-up display, voice recognition, advanced sectioned climate control, a navigation system, automated seat and mirror adjustment, and a crude version of lane keep assist, among others. [10] [11] [12] [13] Many of these features, while standard or optional on most vehicles today, were considered new and innovative in the mid-90s, having little or no application at that time. Additionally, the vehicle featured eight airbags, more than typical of the period. [14]

See also

Related Research Articles

General Motors American automotive manufacturing company

General Motors Company (GM) is an American multinational corporation headquartered in Detroit that designs, manufactures, markets, and distributes vehicles and vehicle parts, and sells financial services, with global headquarters in Detroit's Renaissance Center. It was founded by William C. Durant on September 16, 1908, as a holding company, and the present entity was established in 2009 after its restructuring. The company is the largest American automobile manufacturer and one of the world's largest automobile manufacturers.

Holden Australian automobile marque

Holden, formerly known as General Motors-Holden, was an Australian automobile marque and former automobile manufacturer, which manufactured cars in Australia before switching to importing cars under the Holden brand. It was headquartered in Port Melbourne.

Opel German automotive brand, subsidiary of Stellantis

Opel Automobile GmbH, usually shortened to Opel, is a German automobile manufacturer subsidiary of Stellantis since 16 January 2021. From 1929 until 2017, Opel was owned by General Motors and then Groupe PSA from 2017 until 2021. Opel vehicles are sold in the United Kingdom, Isle of Man and Channel Islands under the Vauxhall brand. Some Opel vehicles were badge-engineered in Australia under the Holden brand until 2020 and in North America and China under the Buick, Saturn, and Cadillac brands.

Buick Mid-level luxury division of General Motors

Buick is a division of the American automobile manufacturer General Motors (GM). Started by automotive pioneer David Dunbar Buick, it was among the first American marques of automobiles, and was the company that established General Motors in 1908. Before the establishment of General Motors, GM founder William C. Durant had served as Buick's general manager and major investor.

GM Korea South Korean subsidiary of General Motors

GM Korea Company is South Korea's subsidiary of multinational corporation General Motors. GMK is also the third largest automobile manufacturer in South Korea. GM Korea's roots go back to the former Daewoo Motor vehicle brand which was split from its parent company, Daewoo Group, in 2001. It has three manufacturing facilities in South Korea. In addition, GM Korea provides region and brand-specific vehicle assembly kits for assembly by GM affiliates in the United States, Brazil, China, Colombia, and Mexico, and formerly in Australia and India after GM's February 2020 announcement to withdraw from all right-hand-drive markets worldwide. In 2008, GM Korea built more than 1.9 million vehicles, including CKD products. It currently produces vehicles and kits for Chevrolet and Buick that are offered in more than 150 markets on continents that don't have right-hand-drive markets. It produced vehicles and kits for Holden in Australia until the brand's demise in 2020. GM Korea also has design, engineering, research & development facilities that are involved in development for various GM products, above all small-size cars.

Captive import is a marketing term and a strategy for a vehicle that is foreign-built and sold under the name of an importer or by a domestic automaker through its own dealer distribution system.

GM Zeta platform Motor vehicle platform

Zeta was the original name for General Motors' full-size rear-wheel drive automobile platform developed by GM's Australian subsidiary company Holden and was most recently referred to as the "Global RWD Architecture". The GM Zeta replaced the V-body, and debuted with 2006 Holden Commodore (VE) sedan and Holden (VE) Ute. This platform was considered as the replacement for the North American W, H, and K platforms until plans were cancelled due to fuel-economy considerations and GM's financial situation. Although the future of the Zeta program was in doubt at that time, in May 2009, Holden began the development of an improved second version of the platform that went on to form the basis of the 2013 Commodore (VF) and Chevrolet SS.

GM Delta platform Motor vehicle platform

Delta is General Motors' compact front-wheel drive automobile and crossover SUV platform, a successor to the GM T platform; it also replaced GM J platform and the Z platform used by the Saturn S-Series. The platform debuted in the 2003 Saturn Ion. Vehicles of this platform generally carry the letter "A" in the fourth character of their VINs.

GM Epsilon platform Motor vehicle platform

Epsilon is General Motors' mid-size front-wheel drive automobile platform. The architecture was developed by Opel, and debuted in the 2002 Opel Vectra and 2003 Saab 9-3. Since this platform falls squarely in the center of the worldwide automobile market, GM plans to produce a great many Epsilon vehicles with over a dozen variations. As of 2005, it was GM's highest volume worldwide platform. Even after the dissolution of the GM/Fiat partnership, both companies retain the rights to continue developing Epsilon-derived models.


SAIC General Motors Corporation Limited is a joint venture between General Motors Company and SAIC Motor that manufactures and sells Chevrolet, Buick, and Cadillac brand automobiles in Mainland China.

GM G platform (1995)

The General Motors G platform automobile platform designation was used for front-wheel drive full-sized and luxury cars between 1995 and 2011.

GM V platform (1966)

The V platform is a rear-wheel drive automobile platform that underpinned various General Motors (GM) vehicles from 1966 through to its final discontinuation in 2007. The V platform was developed in the 1960s by the German subsidiary of GM, Opel. However, it was not without significant revision over its lifetime. The platform's phase-out began when European production ended during 2003, while the Australian variants, produced by Holden continued until 2007, after their final replacement by Zeta-derived models. The first of these Zeta cars came in 2006, with the remaining changing over in 2007. V-cars are identified by the "V" fourth character in their Vehicle Identification Number. Although completely unrelated, the "V platform" designation was also used for a series of North American front-wheel drive personal luxury coupes.

Holden New Zealand Limited, named until 1994 as General Motors New Zealand Limited, was a subsidiary of General Motors of Detroit and distributes General Motors' motor vehicles, engines, components and parts in New Zealand.

Holden Commodore (VT) Motor vehicle

The Holden Commodore (VT) is an executive car that was produced by the Australian manufacturer Holden from 1997 to 2000. It was the first iteration of the third generation of this Australian made model and the last one to be powered by a locally made V8 engine (1999). Its range included the luxury variants, Holden Berlina (VT) and Holden Calais (VT) but not a new generation utility version.

Orion Assembly is a 4,300,000 square foot (400,000 m2) General Motors vehicle assembly plant located in Orion Township, Michigan. The plant currently assembles the Chevrolet Bolt and Cruise AV. As of September 2019, the plant has approximately 1,032 salaried and hourly employees. It assumed operations of Buick City, and Pontiac Assembly.

James C. Shyr (石志傑/杰) is a Chinese-American automotive designer widely known for his design contributions to the Buick LaCrosse.

Cadillac Lyriq is the name of an upcoming electric crossover to be produced by Cadillac, a division of the automotive conglomerate General Motors (GM). It is to be the second GM electric vehicle (EV) sold in North America, after the Chevrolet Bolt. It was scheduled to be revealed in full to the public on April 2, 2020, though the unveiling was postponed due to the COVID-19 outbreak to August 6, 2020. This car is Cadillac's first fully electric car and also it's introduced new technology, a new design style, park and unpark itself, and drive in a freeway without the driver steering the wheel, a new version of GM's Super Cruise technology. The vehicle will be assembled at the Spring Hill Manufacturing factory in Spring Hill, Tennessee for North America and at a new EV-only plant in Yantai, China for Asia. Spring Hill will also continue to build the Cadillac XT5 and Cadillac XT6 until Cadillac becomes an all-electric brand in the 2025 model year.

GM BEV2 platform Electric vehicle platform

Battery Electric Vehicle 2, better known in acronym form as BEV2, is the name of an automotive platform made by the automotive conglomerate General Motors (GM) designed specifically for small electric vehicles (EVs). Multiple divisions of the LG Corporation have been instrumental in construction in addition to GM's contributions to the platform. Both the primary brands of GM and its joint brands with SAIC have used the platform.


  1. "Buick XP2000". ACI. Retrieved 2020-05-01.
  2. "1995 BUICK XP2000 - Press Kit - Original B&W Dealer Portfolio Brochure". eBay. Retrieved 2020-05-01.
  3. "A J Cooley Museum". www.vft.org. Retrieved 2020-05-01.
  4. Stopford, William. "CC/Automotive Histories: 1995 Buick XP-2000 & 1997-2001 Cadillac Catera – The Story Of A Buick Holden And A Cadillac Opel" . Retrieved 2020-05-01.
  5. Tribune, Paul Lienert Special to the. "TIME MACHINES". chicagotribune.com. Retrieved 2020-05-01.
  6. Service, Knight-Ridder News. "Ford has a lot riding on redesign of its two best-selling cars". baltimoresun.com. Retrieved 2020-05-01.
  7. "The Holden That Almost Became A Buick". The Truth About Cars. 2013-05-31. Retrieved 2020-05-01.
  8. "J.A. Cooley Museum (San Diego) - 2020 All You Need to Know BEFORE You Go (with Photos)". Tripadvisor. Retrieved 2020-05-01.
  9. "1995 Buick XP2000 | Buick". Supercars.net. 2016-04-06. Retrieved 2020-05-01.
  10. iseecom. "XP2000, 1995". Buick Car Club of Australia Inc. in NSW. Retrieved 2020-05-01.
  11. "Buick XP2000 (1995)". Old Concept Cars. 2013-09-30. Retrieved 2020-05-01.
  12. "2000 BUICK XP2000 XP 2000 MODEL INTRODUCTION PRESS RELEASE KIT W PHOTOS SL". eBay. Retrieved 2020-05-01.
  13. "1995 Buick XP2000". conceptcarz.com. Retrieved 2020-05-01.
  14. "Buick XP2000 - Motor Trend Magazine". MotorTrend. 1995-01-02. Retrieved 2020-05-01.