Thymbra (plant)

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Mediterranean thyme
Thymbra capitata Ghajn Tuffieha Malta 02.jpg
Thymbra capitata in Malta [1]
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon.png
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Lamiaceae
Subfamily: Nepetoideae
Tribe: Mentheae
Genus: Thymbra
Synonyms [2]
  • AbulfaliAdans.
  • CoridothymusRchb.f.

Thymbra, common name Mediterranean thyme, [3] is a genus of plants in the family Lamiaceae. As currently categorized, the genus has seven species and one subspecies. [4] It is native to the Mediterranean region of southern Europe, North Africa, and the Middle East. [2] [5]

Species [2]

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Nepeta is a genus of flowering plants in the family Lamiaceae. The genus name is reportedly in reference to Nepete, an ancient Etruscan city. There are about 250 species.


Satureja is a genus of aromatic plants of the family Lamiaceae, related to rosemary and thyme. It is native to North Africa, southern and southeastern Europe, the Middle East, and Central Asia. A few New World species were formerly included in Satureja, but they have all been moved to other genera. Several species are cultivated as culinary herbs called savory, and they have become established in the wild in a few places.


Marrubium is a genus of flowering plants in the family Lamiaceae, native to temperate regions of Europe, North Africa, and Asia as far east as the Xinjiang region of western China. A few species are also naturalized in North and South America.


Lamium (dead-nettles) is a genus of about 40–50 species of flowering plants in the family Lamiaceae, of which it is the type genus. They are all herbaceous plants native to Europe, Asia, and northern Africa, but several have become very successful weeds of crop fields and are now widely naturalised across much of the temperate world.


Ajuga, also known as bugleweed, ground pine, carpet bugle, or just bugle, is a genus of 40 species annual and perennial herbaceous flowering plants in the Ajugeae tribe of the mint family Lamiaceae, with most species native to Europe, Asia, and Africa, but also two species in southeastern Australia. They grow to 5–50 cm tall, with opposite leaves.

Zaatar Highly valued herbal spice used in seasoning

Za'atar is a culinary herb or family of herbs. It is also the name of a spice mixture that includes the herb along with toasted sesame seeds, dried sumac, often salt, as well as other spices. As a family of related Middle Eastern herbs, it contains plants from the genera Origanum (oregano), Calamintha, Thymus, and Satureja (savory) plants. The name za'atar alone most properly applies to Origanum syriacum, considered in biblical scholarship to be the hyssop of the Hebrew Bible. Used in Levantine cuisine, both the herb and spice mixture are popular throughout the Mediterranean region of the Middle East.

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Ballota (horehound) is a genus of flowering evergreen perennial plants and subshrubs in the family Lamiaceae. native to temperate regions. The Mediterranean region has the highest diversity in the genus, with more isolated locations in South Africa, Central Asia, northern Europe, and the islands of the eastern North Atlantic. It is found in rocky and waste ground.


Hyptis is a genus of flowering plant in the family Lamiaceae. These plants, known commonly as bushmints, are widespread in tropical North and South America, as well as parts of West Africa. There are 150 species, which may be annual or perennial herb to shrub. Recently, several genera were segregated from Hyptis.


Micromeria is a genus of flowering plants in the mint family, Lamiaceae, widespread across Europe, Asia, Africa, and North America, with a center of diversity in the Mediterranean region and the Canary Islands. It is sometimes placed within the genus Satureja. The name is derived from the Greek words μῑκρος (mīkros), meaning "small," and μερίς (meris), meaning "portion," referring to the leaves and flowers.

  1. Micromeria acropolitanaHalácsy - Greece
  2. Micromeria albanica(K.Malý) Šilic - Albania, Yugoslavia
  3. Micromeria × angosturaeP.Pérez Gran Canaria in the Canary Islands (M. tenuis subsp. linkii × M. varia subsp. canariensis)
  4. Micromeria arganietorum(Emb.) R.Morales - Morocco
  5. Micromeria benthamiiWebb & Berthel. - Gran Canaria in the Canary Islands
  6. Micromeria × benthamineolensSvent. - Gran Canaria in the Canary Islands (M. benthamii × M. pineolens)
  7. Micromeria biflora(Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don) Benth. - Himalayas from Afghanistan to Myanmar
  8. Micromeria × bourlieriMaire & Le Lièvre - Algeria, Morocco (M. graeca × M. inodora)
  9. Micromeria brivesiiBatt. - Morocco
  10. Micromeria × broussonetiiA.Santos, A.Acev.-Rodr. & Reyes-Bet. - Canary Islands (M. densiflora × M. varia)
  11. Micromeria browicziiZiel. & Kit Tan - Greece
  12. Micromeria chionistraeMeikle - Cyprus
  13. Micromeria conferta(Coss. & Daveau) Stefani - Libya
  14. Micromeria × confusaG.Kunkel & P.Pérez - Gran Canaria in the Canary Islands (M. benthamii × M. lanata)
  15. Micromeria cremnophilaBoiss. & Heldr. - Albania, Greece, Turkey, Syria, Lebanon
  16. Micromeria cristata(Hampe) Griseb. - Albania, Greece, Yugoslavia, Turkey, Bulgaria, Iran, Cyprus
  17. Micromeria croatica(Pers.) Schott - Albania, Yugoslavia
  18. Micromeria cymuligeraBoiss. & Hausskn. - Turkey
  19. Micromeria danaensisDanin - Jordan
  20. Micromeria debilisPomel - Algeria, Morocco
  21. Micromeria densifloraBenth. - Tenerife in the Canary Islands
  22. Micromeria douglasii(Benth.) Benth. – Yerba buena - Alaska, British Columbia, Washington, Oregon, California, Idaho, Montana
  23. Micromeria ellipticaK.Koch - Turkey
  24. Micromeria filiformis(Aiton) Benth. - Corsica, Sardinia, Balearic Islands
  25. Micromeria flacca(Nábelek) Hedge - Turkey, Iraq
  26. Micromeria flagellarisBaker - Madagascar
  27. Micromeria fontanesiiPomel - Algeria, Morocco
  28. Micromeria forbesiiBenth. - Cape Verde Islands
  29. Micromeria fruticosa(L.) Druce - Eastern Mediterranean
  30. Micromeria glomerataP.Pérez - Tenerife in the Canary Islands
  31. Micromeria graeca(L.) Benth. ex Rchb. - Mediterranean from Morocco + Portugal to Turkey
  32. Micromeria guichardii(Quézel & Zaffran) Brullo & Furnari - Libya
  33. Micromeria hedgeiRech.f. - Iran
  34. Micromeria helianthemifoliaWebb & Berthel. - Gran Canaria in the Canary Islands
  35. Micromeria herpyllomorphaWebb & Berthel. - La Palma in the Canary Islands
  36. Micromeria hispidaBoiss. & Heldr. ex Benth. - Crete
  37. Micromeria hochreutineri(Briq.) Maire - Algeria, Morocco
  38. Micromeria × hybridaZagan - Greece including Crete (M. graeca × M. nervosa)
  39. Micromeria hyssopifoliaWebb & Berthel. - Tenerife + El Hierro in the Canary Islands
  40. Micromeria imbricata (Forssk.)C.Chr. - Africa from Nigeria to Ethiopia to Transvaal, Arabian Peninsula
  41. Micromeria inodora(Desf.) Benth. - Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia, Spain including Balearic Islands
  42. Micromeria × intermediaG.Kunkel & P.Pérez - Gran Canaria in the Canary Islands (M. benthamii × M. helianthemifolia)
  43. Micromeria juliana(L.) Benth. ex Rchb. - Mediterranean
  44. Micromeria kerneriMurb. - Yugoslavia
  45. Micromeria lachnophyllaWebb & Berthel. - Tenerife in the Canary Islands
  46. Micromeria lanata(C.Sm. ex Link) Benth. - Gran Canaria in the Canary Islands
  47. Micromeria lasiophyllaWebb & Berthel. - Canary Islands
  48. Micromeria lepidaWebb & Berthel. La Gomera in the Canary Islands
  49. Micromeria leucanthaSvent. ex P.Pérez - Gran Canaria in the Canary Islands
  50. Micromeria longipedunculataBräuchler - Yugoslavia, Albania
  51. Micromeria macrosiphonCoss. - Morocco
  52. Micromeria madagascariensisBaker - Madagascar
  53. Micromeria marginata(Sm.) Chater - Alpes Maritimes in France, Liguria + Sardinia in Italy
  54. Micromeria × meteoricaHausskn. - Greece (M. cremnophila × M. juliana)
  55. Micromeria microphylla(d'Urv.) Benth. - Balearic Islands, Sicily, Malta, southern mainland Italy, Crete, Cyprus, Libya
  56. Micromeria monantha(Font Quer) R.Morales - Morocco
  57. Micromeria myrtifoliaBoiss. & Hohen. - from Greece to Iran
  58. Micromeria nervosa(Desf.) Benth. - Mediterranean from Algeria + Balearic Islands to Turkey
  59. Micromeria × nogalesiiG.Kunkel & P.Pérez - Gran Canaria in the Canary Islands
  60. Micromeria peltieri(Maire) R.Morales - Morocco
  61. Micromeria × perez-paziiG.Kunkel - Gran Canaria in the Canary Islands (M. benthamii × M. tenuis)
  62. Micromeria persicaBoiss. - Iran, Iraq, Turkey
  63. Micromeria pineolensSvent. - Gran Canaria in the Canary Islands
  64. Micromeria × preauxiiWebb & Berthel. - Gran Canaria in the Canary Islands (M. benthamii × M. varia subsp. canariensis)
  65. Micromeria pseudocroaticaŠilic - Yugoslavia
  66. Micromeria rivas-martineziiWildpret - Tenerife in the Canary Islands
  67. Micromeria serbalianaDanin & Hedge - Sinai
  68. Micromeria sinaicaBenth. - Sinai, Israel
  69. Micromeria sphacioticaBoiss. & Heldr. ex Benth.- Crete
  70. Micromeria sphaerophyllaBaker - Madagascar
  71. Micromeria suborbicularis(Alain) Borhidi - Cuba
  72. Micromeria × tagananensisP.Pérez - Tenerife in the Canary Islands (M. glomerata × M. varia)
  73. Micromeria teneriffae(Poir.) Benth. ex G.Don - Tenerife in the Canary Islands
  74. Micromeria tenuis(Link) Webb & Berthel. - Gran Canaria in the Canary Islands
  75. Micromeria unguentariaSchweinf. - Ethiopia
  76. Micromeria variaBenth. - Canary Islands, Madeira, Cape Verde Islands
  77. Micromeria weilleri(Maire) R.Morales - Morocco
  78. Micromeria × wildpretiiP.Pérez - Tenerife in the Canary Islands (M. rivas-martinezii × M. varia)

Himantoglossum is a genus of orchids native to the Canary Islands, Europe, southwest Asia and northern Africa. Its members generally have a labellum which is divided into three parts, of which the middle part is the longest.


Echinaria is a genus of Eurasian and North African plants in the grass family. The only known species is Echinaria capitata, native to the Mediterranean Region as well as the Southwest and Central Asia.

<i>Thymus capitatus</i>

Thymus capitatus is a compact, woody perennial native to Mediterranean Europe and Turkey, more commonly known as conehead thyme, Persian-hyssop and Spanish oregano. It is also known under the name Thymbra capitata.

<i>Ziziphora capitata</i> Species of plant

Ziziphora capitata is an annual herb in the family Lamiaceae. It grows from the Mediterranean basin to Iran including the Sinai, Palestine / Israel, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey, Cyprus, Balkans, southern Russia, Caucasus, and northern Iraq.


Michauxia is a genus of plants in the family Campanulaceae. It contains 7 known species native to southwestern Asia.

Cyclotrichium is a genus of plants in the Lamiaceae, first described as a genus in 1953. The entire genus is endemic to southwestern Asia.

  1. Cyclotrichium depauperatum(Bunge) Manden. & Scheng. - western Iran
  2. Cyclotrichium glabrescens(Boiss. ex Rech.f.) Leblebici - southeastern Turkey
  3. Cyclotrichium haussknechtii(Bunge) Manden. & Scheng. - western Iran
  4. Cyclotrichium leucotrichum(Stapf ex Rech.f.) Leblebici - Iran, Iraq, Turkey
  5. Cyclotrichium longiflorumLeblebici - Iran, Iraq, Turkey
  6. Cyclotrichium niveum(Boiss.) Manden. & Scheng - eastern Turkey
  7. Cyclotrichium origanifolium(Labill.) Manden. & Scheng. - Lebanon, Syria, southern Turkey
  8. Cyclotrichium stamineum(Boiss. & Hohen.) Manden. & Scheng. - Iraq, Turkey
  9. Cyclotrichium straussii(Bornm.) Rech.f. - western Iran

Lophanthus is a genus of plants in the family Lamiaceae, first described in 1763. It is native to central and southwestern Asia from Turkey to Mongolia, with many of the species endemic to Iran.

  1. Lophanthus adenocladus(Bornm.) Levin - Iran
  2. Lophanthus allotrius(Rech.f.) A.L.Budantzev - Iran
  3. Lophanthus archibaldii(Rech.f.) A.L.Budantzev - Iran
  4. Lophanthus chinensisBenth. - Mongolia, Xinjiang, Siberia
  5. Lophanthus depauperatus(Benth.) Levin - Iran
  6. Lophanthus dschuparensis(Bornm.) Levin - Iran
  7. Lophanthus elegans(Lipsky) Levin - Afghanistan, Tajikistan
  8. Lophanthus hedgei(Freitag) A.L.Budantzev - Afghanistan
  9. Lophanthus iranshahrii(Rech.f.) A.L.Budantzev - Iran
  10. Lophanthus kryloviiLipsky - Mongolia, Xinjiang, Kazakhstan, Altai
  11. Lophanthus laxiflorus(Benth.) Levin - Iran
  12. Lophanthus michauxii(Briq.) Levin - Iran
  13. Lophanthus ouroumitanensis(Franch.) Kochk. & Zuckerw. - Afghanistan, Tajikistan
  14. Lophanthus oxyodontus(Boiss.) Levin - Iran
  15. Lophanthus pinetorum(Aitch. & Hemsl.) Levin - Afghanistan, Pakistan, western Himalayas
  16. Lophanthus schrenkiiLevin - Xinjiang, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan
  17. Lophanthus schtschurowskianus(Regel) Lipsky - Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan
  18. Lophanthus sessilifolius(Bunge) Levin - Iran, Pakistan
  19. Lophanthus subnivalisLipsky - Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan
  20. Lophanthus tibeticusC.Y.Wu & Y.C.Huang - Tibet
  21. Lophanthus tschimganicusLipsky - Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan
  22. Lophanthus turcicusDirmenci, Yıldız & Hedge - Turkey
  23. Lophanthus varzobicusKochk. - Tajikistan

Prasium, common name white hedge-nettle, is a genus of flowering plant in the family Lamiaceae, first described in 1982. It contains only one known species, Prasium majus, first described for modern science in 1753. It is native to Madeira, the Canary Islands, and the Mediterranean region of Europe, North Africa, and the Middle East, as far east as Turkey and Israel.

<i>Satureja thymbra</i> Species of plant

Satureja thymbra, commonly known as savory of Crete, whorled savory, pink savory, and Roman hyssop, is a perennial-green plant of the family Lamiaceae, having strongly scented leaves, endemic to Libya, southeastern Europe from Sardinia to Turkey; Cyprus, Lebanon and Israel (Palestine). The dwarf shrub is noted for its dark-green leaves, and grows to a height of 20–50 cm., bearing pink to purple flowers which blossom between late March and late May to early June.


  1. Photograph by Denis Barthel
  2. 1 2 3 "Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families" . Retrieved 20 May 2019.
  3. Wild Plants of Malta & Gozo. Mediterranean thyme, Thymbra capitata (L.) Cavanilles
  4. 1 2 3 4 Bräuchler, Christian (12 September 2018). "Delimitation and revision of the genus Thymbra (Lamiaceae)". Phytotaxa. 369 (1): 15–27. doi: 10.11646/phytotaxa.369.1.2 . Retrieved 20 May 2019 via
  5. Altervista Flora Italiana, Timo arbustivo Thymbra capitata (L.) Cav. includes photos plus European distribution map