Nepeta is a genus of flowering plants in the family Lamiaceae. The genus name is reportedly in reference to Nepete, an ancient Etruscan city. There are about 250 species.
Satureja is a genus of aromatic plants of the family Lamiaceae, related to rosemary and thyme. It is native to North Africa, southern and southeastern Europe, the Middle East, and Central Asia. A few New World species were formerly included in Satureja, but they have all been moved to other genera. Several species are cultivated as culinary herbs called savory, and they have become established in the wild in a few places.
Marrubium is a genus of flowering plants in the family Lamiaceae, native to temperate regions of Europe, North Africa, and Asia as far east as the Xinjiang region of western China. A few species are also naturalized in North and South America.
Lamium (dead-nettles) is a genus of about 40–50 species of flowering plants in the family Lamiaceae, of which it is the type genus. They are all herbaceous plants native to Europe, Asia, and northern Africa, but several have become very successful weeds of crop fields and are now widely naturalised across much of the temperate world.
Ajuga, also known as bugleweed, ground pine, carpet bugle, or just bugle, is a genus of 40 species annual and perennial herbaceous flowering plants in the Ajugeae tribe of the mint family Lamiaceae, with most species native to Europe, Asia, and Africa, but also two species in southeastern Australia. They grow to 5–50 cm tall, with opposite leaves.
Za'atar is a culinary herb or family of herbs. It is also the name of a spice mixture that includes the herb along with toasted sesame seeds, dried sumac, often salt, as well as other spices. As a family of related Middle Eastern herbs, it contains plants from the genera Origanum (oregano), Calamintha, Thymus, and Satureja (savory) plants. The name za'atar alone most properly applies to Origanum syriacum, considered in biblical scholarship to be the hyssop of the Hebrew Bible. Used in Levantine cuisine, both the herb and spice mixture are popular throughout the Mediterranean region of the Middle East.
Gagea is a large genus of spring flowers in the lily family. It is found primarily in Eurasia with a few species extending into North Africa and North America.
Origanum is a genus of herbaceous perennials and subshrubs in the family Lamiaceae, native to Europe, North Africa, and much of temperate Asia, where they are found in open or mountainous habitats. A few species also naturalized in scattered locations in North America and other regions.
Ballota (horehound) is a genus of flowering evergreen perennial plants and subshrubs in the family Lamiaceae. native to temperate regions. The Mediterranean region has the highest diversity in the genus, with more isolated locations in South Africa, Central Asia, northern Europe, and the islands of the eastern North Atlantic. It is found in rocky and waste ground.
Hyptis is a genus of flowering plant in the family Lamiaceae. These plants, known commonly as bushmints, are widespread in tropical North and South America, as well as parts of West Africa. There are 150 species, which may be annual or perennial herb to shrub. Recently, several genera were segregated from Hyptis.
Micromeria is a genus of flowering plants in the mint family, Lamiaceae, widespread across Europe, Asia, Africa, and North America, with a center of diversity in the Mediterranean region and the Canary Islands. It is sometimes placed within the genus Satureja. The name is derived from the Greek words μῑκρος (mīkros), meaning "small," and μερίς (meris), meaning "portion," referring to the leaves and flowers.
- Micromeria acropolitanaHalácsy - Greece
- Micromeria albanica(K.Malý) Šilic - Albania, Yugoslavia
- Micromeria × angosturaeP.Pérez Gran Canaria in the Canary Islands (M. tenuis subsp. linkii × M. varia subsp. canariensis)
- Micromeria arganietorum(Emb.) R.Morales - Morocco
- Micromeria benthamiiWebb & Berthel. - Gran Canaria in the Canary Islands
- Micromeria × benthamineolensSvent. - Gran Canaria in the Canary Islands (M. benthamii × M. pineolens)
- Micromeria biflora(Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don) Benth. - Himalayas from Afghanistan to Myanmar
- Micromeria × bourlieriMaire & Le Lièvre - Algeria, Morocco (M. graeca × M. inodora)
- Micromeria brivesiiBatt. - Morocco
- Micromeria × broussonetiiA.Santos, A.Acev.-Rodr. & Reyes-Bet. - Canary Islands (M. densiflora × M. varia)
- Micromeria browicziiZiel. & Kit Tan - Greece
- Micromeria chionistraeMeikle - Cyprus
- Micromeria conferta(Coss. & Daveau) Stefani - Libya
- Micromeria × confusaG.Kunkel & P.Pérez - Gran Canaria in the Canary Islands (M. benthamii × M. lanata)
- Micromeria cremnophilaBoiss. & Heldr. - Albania, Greece, Turkey, Syria, Lebanon
- Micromeria cristata(Hampe) Griseb. - Albania, Greece, Yugoslavia, Turkey, Bulgaria, Iran, Cyprus
- Micromeria croatica(Pers.) Schott - Albania, Yugoslavia
- Micromeria cymuligeraBoiss. & Hausskn. - Turkey
- Micromeria danaensisDanin - Jordan
- Micromeria debilisPomel - Algeria, Morocco
- Micromeria densifloraBenth. - Tenerife in the Canary Islands
- Micromeria douglasii(Benth.) Benth. – Yerba buena - Alaska, British Columbia, Washington, Oregon, California, Idaho, Montana
- Micromeria ellipticaK.Koch - Turkey
- Micromeria filiformis(Aiton) Benth. - Corsica, Sardinia, Balearic Islands
- Micromeria flacca(Nábelek) Hedge - Turkey, Iraq
- Micromeria flagellarisBaker - Madagascar
- Micromeria fontanesiiPomel - Algeria, Morocco
- Micromeria forbesiiBenth. - Cape Verde Islands
- Micromeria fruticosa(L.) Druce - Eastern Mediterranean
- Micromeria glomerataP.Pérez - Tenerife in the Canary Islands
- Micromeria graeca(L.) Benth. ex Rchb. - Mediterranean from Morocco + Portugal to Turkey
- Micromeria guichardii(Quézel & Zaffran) Brullo & Furnari - Libya
- Micromeria hedgeiRech.f. - Iran
- Micromeria helianthemifoliaWebb & Berthel. - Gran Canaria in the Canary Islands
- Micromeria herpyllomorphaWebb & Berthel. - La Palma in the Canary Islands
- Micromeria hispidaBoiss. & Heldr. ex Benth. - Crete
- Micromeria hochreutineri(Briq.) Maire - Algeria, Morocco
- Micromeria × hybridaZagan - Greece including Crete (M. graeca × M. nervosa)
- Micromeria hyssopifoliaWebb & Berthel. - Tenerife + El Hierro in the Canary Islands
- Micromeria imbricata (Forssk.)C.Chr. - Africa from Nigeria to Ethiopia to Transvaal, Arabian Peninsula
- Micromeria inodora(Desf.) Benth. - Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia, Spain including Balearic Islands
- Micromeria × intermediaG.Kunkel & P.Pérez - Gran Canaria in the Canary Islands (M. benthamii × M. helianthemifolia)
- Micromeria juliana(L.) Benth. ex Rchb. - Mediterranean
- Micromeria kerneriMurb. - Yugoslavia
- Micromeria lachnophyllaWebb & Berthel. - Tenerife in the Canary Islands
- Micromeria lanata(C.Sm. ex Link) Benth. - Gran Canaria in the Canary Islands
- Micromeria lasiophyllaWebb & Berthel. - Canary Islands
- Micromeria lepidaWebb & Berthel. La Gomera in the Canary Islands
- Micromeria leucanthaSvent. ex P.Pérez - Gran Canaria in the Canary Islands
- Micromeria longipedunculataBräuchler - Yugoslavia, Albania
- Micromeria macrosiphonCoss. - Morocco
- Micromeria madagascariensisBaker - Madagascar
- Micromeria marginata(Sm.) Chater - Alpes Maritimes in France, Liguria + Sardinia in Italy
- Micromeria × meteoricaHausskn. - Greece (M. cremnophila × M. juliana)
- Micromeria microphylla(d'Urv.) Benth. - Balearic Islands, Sicily, Malta, southern mainland Italy, Crete, Cyprus, Libya
- Micromeria monantha(Font Quer) R.Morales - Morocco
- Micromeria myrtifoliaBoiss. & Hohen. - from Greece to Iran
- Micromeria nervosa(Desf.) Benth. - Mediterranean from Algeria + Balearic Islands to Turkey
- Micromeria × nogalesiiG.Kunkel & P.Pérez - Gran Canaria in the Canary Islands
- Micromeria peltieri(Maire) R.Morales - Morocco
- Micromeria × perez-paziiG.Kunkel - Gran Canaria in the Canary Islands (M. benthamii × M. tenuis)
- Micromeria persicaBoiss. - Iran, Iraq, Turkey
- Micromeria pineolensSvent. - Gran Canaria in the Canary Islands
- Micromeria × preauxiiWebb & Berthel. - Gran Canaria in the Canary Islands (M. benthamii × M. varia subsp. canariensis)
- Micromeria pseudocroaticaŠilic - Yugoslavia
- Micromeria rivas-martineziiWildpret - Tenerife in the Canary Islands
- Micromeria serbalianaDanin & Hedge - Sinai
- Micromeria sinaicaBenth. - Sinai, Israel
- Micromeria sphacioticaBoiss. & Heldr. ex Benth.- Crete
- Micromeria sphaerophyllaBaker - Madagascar
- Micromeria suborbicularis(Alain) Borhidi - Cuba
- Micromeria × tagananensisP.Pérez - Tenerife in the Canary Islands (M. glomerata × M. varia)
- Micromeria teneriffae(Poir.) Benth. ex G.Don - Tenerife in the Canary Islands
- Micromeria tenuis(Link) Webb & Berthel. - Gran Canaria in the Canary Islands
- Micromeria unguentariaSchweinf. - Ethiopia
- Micromeria variaBenth. - Canary Islands, Madeira, Cape Verde Islands
- Micromeria weilleri(Maire) R.Morales - Morocco
- Micromeria × wildpretiiP.Pérez - Tenerife in the Canary Islands (M. rivas-martinezii × M. varia)
Himantoglossum is a genus of orchids native to the Canary Islands, Europe, southwest Asia and northern Africa. Its members generally have a labellum which is divided into three parts, of which the middle part is the longest.
Echinaria is a genus of Eurasian and North African plants in the grass family. The only known species is Echinaria capitata, native to the Mediterranean Region as well as the Southwest and Central Asia.
Thymus capitatus is a compact, woody perennial native to Mediterranean Europe and Turkey, more commonly known as conehead thyme, Persian-hyssop and Spanish oregano. It is also known under the name Thymbra capitata.
Ziziphora capitata is an annual herb in the family Lamiaceae. It grows from the Mediterranean basin to Iran including the Sinai, Palestine / Israel, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey, Cyprus, Balkans, southern Russia, Caucasus, and northern Iraq.
Michauxia is a genus of plants in the family Campanulaceae. It contains 7 known species native to southwestern Asia.
Cyclotrichium is a genus of plants in the Lamiaceae, first described as a genus in 1953. The entire genus is endemic to southwestern Asia.
- Cyclotrichium depauperatum(Bunge) Manden. & Scheng. - western Iran
- Cyclotrichium glabrescens(Boiss. ex Rech.f.) Leblebici - southeastern Turkey
- Cyclotrichium haussknechtii(Bunge) Manden. & Scheng. - western Iran
- Cyclotrichium leucotrichum(Stapf ex Rech.f.) Leblebici - Iran, Iraq, Turkey
- Cyclotrichium longiflorumLeblebici - Iran, Iraq, Turkey
- Cyclotrichium niveum(Boiss.) Manden. & Scheng - eastern Turkey
- Cyclotrichium origanifolium(Labill.) Manden. & Scheng. - Lebanon, Syria, southern Turkey
- Cyclotrichium stamineum(Boiss. & Hohen.) Manden. & Scheng. - Iraq, Turkey
- Cyclotrichium straussii(Bornm.) Rech.f. - western Iran
Lophanthus is a genus of plants in the family Lamiaceae, first described in 1763. It is native to central and southwestern Asia from Turkey to Mongolia, with many of the species endemic to Iran.
- Lophanthus adenocladus(Bornm.) Levin - Iran
- Lophanthus allotrius(Rech.f.) A.L.Budantzev - Iran
- Lophanthus archibaldii(Rech.f.) A.L.Budantzev - Iran
- Lophanthus chinensisBenth. - Mongolia, Xinjiang, Siberia
- Lophanthus depauperatus(Benth.) Levin - Iran
- Lophanthus dschuparensis(Bornm.) Levin - Iran
- Lophanthus elegans(Lipsky) Levin - Afghanistan, Tajikistan
- Lophanthus hedgei(Freitag) A.L.Budantzev - Afghanistan
- Lophanthus iranshahrii(Rech.f.) A.L.Budantzev - Iran
- Lophanthus kryloviiLipsky - Mongolia, Xinjiang, Kazakhstan, Altai
- Lophanthus laxiflorus(Benth.) Levin - Iran
- Lophanthus michauxii(Briq.) Levin - Iran
- Lophanthus ouroumitanensis(Franch.) Kochk. & Zuckerw. - Afghanistan, Tajikistan
- Lophanthus oxyodontus(Boiss.) Levin - Iran
- Lophanthus pinetorum(Aitch. & Hemsl.) Levin - Afghanistan, Pakistan, western Himalayas
- Lophanthus schrenkiiLevin - Xinjiang, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan
- Lophanthus schtschurowskianus(Regel) Lipsky - Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan
- Lophanthus sessilifolius(Bunge) Levin - Iran, Pakistan
- Lophanthus subnivalisLipsky - Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan
- Lophanthus tibeticusC.Y.Wu & Y.C.Huang - Tibet
- Lophanthus tschimganicusLipsky - Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan
- Lophanthus turcicusDirmenci, Yıldız & Hedge - Turkey
- Lophanthus varzobicusKochk. - Tajikistan
Prasium, common name white hedge-nettle, is a genus of flowering plant in the family Lamiaceae, first described in 1982. It contains only one known species, Prasium majus, first described for modern science in 1753. It is native to Madeira, the Canary Islands, and the Mediterranean region of Europe, North Africa, and the Middle East, as far east as Turkey and Israel.
Satureja thymbra, commonly known as savory of Crete, whorled savory, pink savory, and Roman hyssop, is a perennial-green plant of the family Lamiaceae, having strongly scented leaves, endemic to Libya, southeastern Europe from Sardinia to Turkey; Cyprus, Lebanon and Israel (Palestine). The dwarf shrub is noted for its dark-green leaves, and grows to a height of 20–50 cm., bearing pink to purple flowers which blossom between late March and late May to early June.