Thymbra (plant)

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Mediterranean thyme
Thymbra capitata Ghajn Tuffieha Malta 02.jpg
Thymbra capitata in Malta [1]
Scientific classification
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Thymbra

L.
Synonyms [2]
  • AbulfaliAdans.
  • CoridothymusRchb.f.

Thymbra common name Mediterranean thyme, [3] is a genus of plants in the family Lamiaceae. As currently categorized, the genus has seven species and one subspecies. [4] It is native to the Mediterranean region of southern Europe, North Africa, and the Middle East. [2] [5]

Lamiaceae family of plants

The Lamiaceae or Labiatae are a family of flowering plants commonly known as the mint or deadnettle family. Many of the plants are aromatic in all parts and include widely used culinary herbs, such as basil, mint, rosemary, sage, savory, marjoram, oregano, hyssop, thyme, lavender, and perilla. Some species are shrubs, trees, or, rarely, vines. Many members of the family are widely cultivated, not only for their aromatic qualities, but also their ease of cultivation, since they are readily propagated by stem cuttings. Besides those grown for their edible leaves, some are grown for decorative foliage, such as Coleus. Others are grown for seed, such as Salvia hispanica (chia), or for their edible tubers, such as Plectranthus edulis, Plectranthus esculentus, Plectranthus rotundifolius, and Stachys affinis.

Species [2]

Related Research Articles

<i>Nepeta</i> genus of plants

Nepeta is a genus of flowering plants in the family Lamiaceae. The genus name is reportedly in reference to Nepete, an ancient Etruscan city. There are about 250 species.

<i>Satureja</i> genus of plants

Satureja is a genus of aromatic plants of the family Lamiaceae, related to rosemary and thyme. It is native to North Africa, southern and southeastern Europe, the Middle East, and Central Asia. A few New World species were formerly included in Satureja, but they have all been moved to other genera. Several species are cultivated as culinary herbs called savory, and they have become established in the wild in a few places.

<i>Marrubium</i> genus of plants

Marrubium is a genus of flowering plants in the family Lamiaceae, native to temperate regions of Europe, North Africa, and Asia as far east as the Xinjiang region of western China. A few species are also naturalized in North and South America.

<i>Ajuga</i> genus of plants

Ajuga, also known as bugleweed, ground pine, carpet bugle, or just bugle, is a genus of 40 species annual and perennial herbaceous flowering plants in the mint family Lamiaceae, with most species native to Europe, Asia, and Africa, but also two species in southeastern Australia. They grow to 5–50 cm tall, with opposite leaves.

  1. Ajuga arabicaP.H.Davis – Saudi Arabia
  2. Ajuga australis R.Br. - Australia
  3. Ajuga bombycinaBoiss. – Aegean Islands, Turkey
  4. Ajuga boninsimaeMaxim. – Ogasawara-shoto
  5. Ajuga brachystemonMaxim. – Uttarakhand, Nepal, northern India
  6. Ajuga campylanthaDiels – Yunnan
  7. Ajuga campylanthoidesC.Y.Wu & C.Chen – Tibet, central China
  8. Ajuga chamaecistusGing. ex Benth. – Iran, Afghanistan
  9. Ajuga chamaepitys(L.) Schreb. – central + southern Europe, central + southwestern Asia
  10. Ajuga chasmophilaP.H.Davis – Syria
  11. Ajuga ciliataBunge – China, Korea, Japan
  12. Ajuga davisianaKit Tan & Yildiz – Turkey
  13. Ajuga decaryanaDanguy ex R.A.Clement – Madagascar
  14. Ajuga decumbensThunb. – decumbent bugle – China, Korea, Japan, Taiwan, Ryukyu Islands
  15. Ajuga dictyocarpaHayata – - China, Vietnam, Taiwan, Ryukyu Islands
  16. Ajuga faurieiH.Lév. & Vaniot – Korea
  17. Ajuga flaccidaBaker – Madagascar
  18. Ajuga forrestiiDiels – China, Tibet, Nepal
  19. Ajuga genevensisL. – central + southern Europe, Caucasus; naturalized in North America
  20. Ajuga grandifloraStapf – South Australia
  21. Ajuga incisiaMaxim – Honshu Island in Japan
  22. Ajuga integrifoliaBuch.-Ham. – central + eastern Africa, southern Asia, New Guinea
  23. Ajuga iva(L.) Schreb. – Mediterranean region from Canary Islands and Madeira to Turkey and Palestine
  24. Ajuga japonicaMiq. – Japan
  25. Ajuga laxmannii(Murray) Benth. – southeastern Europe from Czech Republic to Greece; Turkey, Caucasus
  26. Ajuga leucanthaLukhoba – Uganda, Zaire, Ethiopia
  27. Ajuga linearifoliaPamp. – China
  28. Ajuga lobataD.Don – China, Nepal, Bhutan, Assam, Myanmar
  29. Ajuga lupulinaMaxim. - China, Nepal, Bhutan, Assam
  30. Ajuga macrospermaWall. ex Benth. – China, Nepal, Bhutan, Assam, northern + eastern India, northern Indochina
  31. Ajuga makinoiNakai – Honshu Island in Japan
  32. Ajuga mollisGladkova – Crimea
  33. Ajuga multifloraBunge – Korean pyramid bugle – China, Korea, Chita region of Siberia, Amur, Primorye
  34. Ajuga nipponensisMakino – China, Korea, Japan, Vietnam, Taiwan
  35. Ajuga novoguineensisA.J.Paton & R.J.Johns – New Guinea
  36. Ajuga nubigenaDiels – Tibet, Sichuan, Yunnan
  37. Ajuga oblongataM.Bieb. – Iraq, Caucasus
  38. Ajuga oocephalaBaker – Madagascar
  39. Ajuga ophrydrisBurch. ex Benth. – South Africa, Swaziland, Lesotho
  40. Ajuga orientalisL. – eastern Mediterranean
  41. Ajuga ovalifoliaBureau & Franch. – China
  42. Ajuga pantanthaHand.-Mazz. – Yunnan
  43. Ajuga parvifloraBenth. – Afghanistan, Pakistan, northern India, Nepal
  44. Ajuga piskoiDegen & Bald. – Albania, Yugoslavie
  45. Ajuga postiiBriq. – Turkey
  46. Ajuga pygmaeaA.Gray – China, Japan, Taiwan, Ryukyu Islands
  47. Ajuga pyramidalisL. – central + southern Europe
  48. Ajuga relictaP.H.Davis – Turkey
  49. Ajuga reptansL. – Europe, Algeria, Tunisia, Iran, Turkey, Caucasus; naturalized in New Zealand, North America, and Venezuela
  50. Ajuga robustaBaker – Madagascar
  51. Ajuga salicifolia(L.) Schreb. – Balkans, Crimea, southern Russia, Turkey
  52. Ajuga saxicolaAssadi & Jamzad – Iran
  53. Ajuga sciaphilaW.W.Sm..- southwestern China
  54. Ajuga shikotanensisMiyabe & Tatew – Japan, Kuril Islands
  55. Ajuga sinuataR.Br. – New South Wales
  56. Ajuga spectabilisNakai – Korean bugle – Korea
  57. Ajuga taiwanensisNakai ex Murata – Taiwa, Ryukyu Islands, Philippines
  58. Ajuga tenoriiC.Presl in J.S.Presl & C.B.Presl – Italy
  59. Ajuga turkestanica(Regel) Briq. – Tajikistan
  60. Ajuga vesiculiferaHerder – Kyrgyzstan
  61. Ajuga vestitaBoiss. – Turkey, Iran
  62. Ajuga xylorrhizaKit Tan – Turkey
  63. Ajuga yesoensisMaxim. ex Franch. & Sav. – Japan
  64. Ajuga zakhoensisRech.f. – Iraq
Zaatar

Za'atar is a generic name for a family of related Middle Eastern herbs from the genera Origanum (oregano), Calamintha, Thymus, and Satureja (savory). The name za'atar alone most properly applies to Origanum syriacum, considered in biblical scholarship to be the hyssop of the Hebrew Bible. It is also the name for a condiment made from dried hyssop leaves, mixed with sesame seeds, dried sumac, and often salt, as well as other spices. Used in Levantine cuisine, both the herb and spice mixture are popular throughout the Middle East.

<i>Gagea</i> genus of plants

Gagea is a large genus of spring flowers in the lily family. It is found primarily in Eurasia with a few species extending into North Africa and North America.

<i>Origanum</i> genus of plants

Origanum is a genus of herbaceous perennials and subshrubs in the family Lamiaceae, native to Europe, North Africa, and much of temperate Asia, where they are found in open or mountainous habitats. A few species also naturalized in scattered locations in North America and other regions.

<i>Ballota</i> genus of plants

Ballota (horehound) is a genus of flowering evergreen perennial plants and subshrubs in the family Lamiaceae. native to temperate regions. The Mediterranean region has the highest diversity in the genus, with more isolated locations in South Africa, Central Asia, northern Europe, and the islands of the eastern North Atlantic. It is found in rocky and waste ground.

<i>Lallemantia</i> genus of plants

Lallemantia is a genus of flowering plants in the family Lamiaceae. It is named after the German botanist Julius Léopold Eduard Avé-Lallemant.

<i>Micromeria</i> genus of plants

Micromeria is a genus of flowering plants in the mint family, Lamiaceae, widespread across Europe, Asia, Africa, and North America, with a center of diversity in the Mediterranean region and the Canary Islands. It is sometimes placed within the genus Satureja. The name is derived from the Greek words μῑκρος (mīkros), meaning "small," and μερίς (meris), meaning "portion," referring to the leaves and flowers.

  1. Micromeria acropolitanaHalácsy - Greece
  2. Micromeria albanica(K.Malý) Šilic - Albania, Yugoslavia
  3. Micromeria × angosturaeP.Pérez Gran Canaria in the Canary Islands (M. tenuis subsp. linkii × M. varia subsp. canariensis)
  4. Micromeria arganietorum(Emb.) R.Morales - Morocco
  5. Micromeria benthamiiWebb & Berthel. - Gran Canaria in the Canary Islands
  6. Micromeria × benthamineolensSvent. - Gran Canaria in the Canary Islands (M. benthamii × M. pineolens)
  7. Micromeria biflora(Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don) Benth. - Himalayas from Afghanistan to Myanmar
  8. Micromeria × bourlieriMaire & Le Lièvre - Algeria, Morocco (M. graeca × M. inodora)
  9. Micromeria brivesiiBatt. - Morocco
  10. Micromeria × broussonetiiA.Santos, A.Acev.-Rodr. & Reyes-Bet. - Canary Islands (M. densiflora × M. varia)
  11. Micromeria browicziiZiel. & Kit Tan - Greece
  12. Micromeria chionistraeMeikle - Cyprus
  13. Micromeria conferta(Coss. & Daveau) Stefani - Libya
  14. Micromeria × confusaG.Kunkel & P.Pérez - Gran Canaria in the Canary Islands (M. benthamii × M. lanata)
  15. Micromeria cremnophilaBoiss. & Heldr. - Albania, Greece, Turkey, Syria, Lebanon
  16. Micromeria cristata(Hampe) Griseb. - Albania, Greece, Yugoslavia, Turkey, Bulgaria, Iran, Cyprus
  17. Micromeria croatica(Pers.) Schott - Albania, Yugoslavia
  18. Micromeria cymuligeraBoiss. & Hausskn. - Turkey
  19. Micromeria danaensisDanin - Jordan
  20. Micromeria debilisPomel - Algeria, Morocco
  21. Micromeria densifloraBenth. - Tenerife in the Canary Islands
  22. Micromeria douglasii(Benth.) Benth. – Yerba buena - Alaska, British Columbia, Washington, Oregon, California, Idaho, Montana
  23. Micromeria ellipticaK.Koch - Turkey
  24. Micromeria filiformis(Aiton) Benth. - Corsica, Sardinia, Balearic Islands
  25. Micromeria flacca(Nábelek) Hedge - Turkey, Iraq
  26. Micromeria flagellarisBaker - Madagascar
  27. Micromeria fontanesiiPomel - Algeria, Morocco
  28. Micromeria forbesiiBenth. - Cape Verde Islands
  29. Micromeria fruticosa(L.) Druce - Eastern Mediterranean
  30. Micromeria glomerataP.Pérez - Tenerife in the Canary Islands
  31. Micromeria graeca(L.) Benth. ex Rchb. - Mediterranean from Morocco + Portugal to Turkey
  32. Micromeria guichardii(Quézel & Zaffran) Brullo & Furnari - Libya
  33. Micromeria hedgeiRech.f. - Iran
  34. Micromeria helianthemifoliaWebb & Berthel. - Gran Canaria in the Canary Islands
  35. Micromeria herpyllomorphaWebb & Berthel. - La Palma in the Canary Islands
  36. Micromeria hispidaBoiss. & Heldr. ex Benth. - Crete
  37. Micromeria hochreutineri(Briq.) Maire - Algeria, Morocco
  38. Micromeria × hybridaZagan - Greece including Crete (M. graeca × M. nervosa)
  39. Micromeria hyssopifoliaWebb & Berthel. - Tenerife + El Hierro in the Canary Islands
  40. Micromeria imbricata (Forssk.)C.Chr. - Africa from Nigeria to Ethiopia to Transvaal, Arabian Peninsula
  41. Micromeria inodora(Desf.) Benth. - Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia, Spain including Balearic Islands
  42. Micromeria × intermediaG.Kunkel & P.Pérez - Gran Canaria in the Canary Islands (M. benthamii × M. helianthemifolia)
  43. Micromeria juliana(L.) Benth. ex Rchb. - Mediterranean
  44. Micromeria kerneriMurb. - Yugoslavia
  45. Micromeria lachnophyllaWebb & Berthel. - Tenerife in the Canary Islands
  46. Micromeria lanata(C.Sm. ex Link) Benth. - Gran Canaria in the Canary Islands
  47. Micromeria lasiophyllaWebb & Berthel. - Canary Islands
  48. Micromeria lepidaWebb & Berthel. La Gomera in the Canary Islands
  49. Micromeria leucanthaSvent. ex P.Pérez - Gran Canaria in the Canary Islands
  50. Micromeria longipedunculataBräuchler - Yugoslavia, Albania
  51. Micromeria macrosiphonCoss. - Morocco
  52. Micromeria madagascariensisBaker - Madagascar
  53. Micromeria marginata(Sm.) Chater - Alpes Maritimes in France, Liguria + Sardinia in Italy
  54. Micromeria × meteoricaHausskn. - Greece (M. cremnophila × M. juliana)
  55. Micromeria microphylla(d'Urv.) Benth. - Balearic Islands, Sicily, Malta, southern mainland Italy, Crete, Cyprus, Libya
  56. Micromeria monantha(Font Quer) R.Morales - Morocco
  57. Micromeria myrtifoliaBoiss. & Hohen. - from Greece to Iran
  58. Micromeria nervosa(Desf.) Benth. - Mediterranean from Algeria + Balearic Islands to Turkey
  59. Micromeria × nogalesiiG.Kunkel & P.Pérez - Gran Canaria in the Canary Islands
  60. Micromeria peltieri(Maire) R.Morales - Morocco
  61. Micromeria × perez-paziiG.Kunkel - Gran Canaria in the Canary Islands (M. benthamii × M. tenuis)
  62. Micromeria persicaBoiss. - Iran, Iraq, Turkey
  63. Micromeria pineolensSvent. - Gran Canaria in the Canary Islands
  64. Micromeria × preauxiiWebb & Berthel. - Gran Canaria in the Canary Islands (M. benthamii × M. varia subsp. canariensis)
  65. Micromeria pseudocroaticaŠilic - Yugoslavia
  66. Micromeria rivas-martineziiWildpret - Tenerife in the Canary Islands
  67. Micromeria serbalianaDanin & Hedge - Sinai
  68. Micromeria sinaicaBenth. - Sinai, Israel
  69. Micromeria sphacioticaBoiss. & Heldr. ex Benth.- Crete
  70. Micromeria sphaerophyllaBaker - Madagascar
  71. Micromeria suborbicularis(Alain) Borhidi - Cuba
  72. Micromeria × tagananensisP.Pérez - Tenerife in the Canary Islands (M. glomerata × M. varia)
  73. Micromeria teneriffae(Poir.) Benth. ex G.Don - Tenerife in the Canary Islands
  74. Micromeria tenuis(Link) Webb & Berthel. - Gran Canaria in the Canary Islands
  75. Micromeria unguentariaSchweinf. - Ethiopia
  76. Micromeria variaBenth. - Canary Islands, Madeira, Cape Verde Islands
  77. Micromeria weilleri(Maire) R.Morales - Morocco
  78. Micromeria × wildpretiiP.Pérez - Tenerife in the Canary Islands (M. rivas-martinezii × M. varia)
<i>Himantoglossum</i> genus of plants

Himantoglossum is a genus of orchids native to the Canary Islands, Europe, southwest Asia and northern Africa. Its members generally have a labellum which is divided into three parts, of which the middle part is the longest.

<i>Echinaria</i> genus of plants

Echinaria is a genus of Eurasian and North African plants in the grass family. The only known species is Echinaria capitata, native to the Mediterranean Region as well as the Southwest and Central Asia.

<i>Thymus capitatus</i> species of plant

Thymus capitatus is a compact, woody perennial native to Mediterranean Europe and Turkey, more commonly known as conehead thyme, Persian-hyssop and Spanish oregano. It is also known under the name Thymbra capitata.

<i>Ziziphora capitata</i> species of plant

Ziziphora capitata is an annual herb in the Lamiaceae family. It grows from the Mediterranean basin to Iran including the Sinai, Palestine / Israel, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey, Cyprus, Balkans, southern Russia, Caucasus, and northern Iraq.

<i>Michauxia</i> genus of plants

Michauxia is a genus of plants in the family Campanulaceae. It contains 7 known species native to southwestern Asia.

Cyclotrichium is a genus of plants in the Lamiaceae, first described as a genus in 1953. The entire genus is endemic to southwestern Asia.

  1. Cyclotrichium depauperatum(Bunge) Manden. & Scheng. - western Iran
  2. Cyclotrichium glabrescens(Boiss. ex Rech.f.) Leblebici - southeastern Turkey
  3. Cyclotrichium haussknechtii(Bunge) Manden. & Scheng. - western Iran
  4. Cyclotrichium leucotrichum(Stapf ex Rech.f.) Leblebici - Iran, Iraq, Turkey
  5. Cyclotrichium longiflorumLeblebici - Iran, Iraq, Turkey
  6. Cyclotrichium niveum(Boiss.) Manden. & Scheng - eastern Turkey
  7. Cyclotrichium origanifolium(Labill.) Manden. & Scheng. - Lebanon, Syria, southern Turkey
  8. Cyclotrichium stamineum(Boiss. & Hohen.) Manden. & Scheng. - Iraq, Turkey
  9. Cyclotrichium straussii(Bornm.) Rech.f. - western Iran

Lophanthus is a genus of plants in the Lamiaceae family, first described in 1763. It is native to central and southwestern Asia from Turkey to Mongolia, with many of the species endemic to Iran.

  1. Lophanthus adenocladus(Bornm.) Levin - Iran
  2. Lophanthus allotrius(Rech.f.) A.L.Budantzev - Iran
  3. Lophanthus archibaldii(Rech.f.) A.L.Budantzev - Iran
  4. Lophanthus chinensisBenth. - Mongolia, Xinjiang, Siberia
  5. Lophanthus depauperatus(Benth.) Levin - Iran
  6. Lophanthus dschuparensis(Bornm.) Levin - Iran
  7. Lophanthus elegans(Lipsky) Levin - Afghanistan, Tajikistan
  8. Lophanthus hedgei(Freitag) A.L.Budantzev - Afghanistan
  9. Lophanthus iranshahrii(Rech.f.) A.L.Budantzev - Iran
  10. Lophanthus kryloviiLipsky - Mongolia, Xinjiang, Kazakhstan, Altai
  11. Lophanthus laxiflorus(Benth.) Levin - Iran
  12. Lophanthus michauxii(Briq.) Levin - Iran
  13. Lophanthus ouroumitanensis(Franch.) Kochk. & Zuckerw. - Afghanistan, Tajikistan
  14. Lophanthus oxyodontus(Boiss.) Levin - Iran
  15. Lophanthus pinetorum(Aitch. & Hemsl.) Levin - Afghanistan, Pakistan, western Himalayas
  16. Lophanthus schrenkiiLevin - Xinjiang, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan
  17. Lophanthus schtschurowskianus(Regel) Lipsky - Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan
  18. Lophanthus sessilifolius(Bunge) Levin - Iran, Pakistan
  19. Lophanthus subnivalisLipsky - Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan
  20. Lophanthus tibeticusC.Y.Wu & Y.C.Huang - Tibet
  21. Lophanthus tschimganicusLipsky - Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan
  22. Lophanthus turcicusDirmenci, Yıldız & Hedge - Turkey
  23. Lophanthus varzobicusKochk. - Tajikistan
<i>Prasium</i> genus of plants

Prasium, common name white hedge-nettle, is a genus of flowering plant in the Lamiaceae family, first described in 1982. It contains only one known species, Prasium majus, first described for modern science in 1753. It is native to Madeira, the Canary Islands, and the Mediterranean region of Europe, North Africa, and the Middle East, as far east as Turkey and Israel.

<i>Tulipa agenensis</i> species of plant

Tulipa agenensis is a Middle Eastern species of flowering plants in the lily family. It is native to Turkey, Iran, Cyprus, the Aegean Islands, Syria, Lebanon, Israel, Jordan, and Palestine, and naturalized in the central and western Mediterranean.

<i>Satureja thymbra</i>

Satureja thymbra, commonly known as Savory of Crete, Thyme-leaved savory, Whorled Savory and Roman hyssop, is a perennial-green plant of the family Lamiaceae, having strongly scented leaves, endemic to Libya, southeastern Europe from Sardinia to Turkey; Cyprus, Lebanon and Israel (Palestine). The dwarf shrub is noted for its dark-green leaves, and grows to a height of 20–50 cm., bearing pink to purple flowers which blossom between late March and late May to early June.

References

  1. Photograph by Denis Barthel
  2. 1 2 3 "Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families" . Retrieved 20 May 2019.
  3. Wild Plants of Malta & Gozo. Mediterranean thyme, Thymbra capitata (L.) Cavanilles
  4. 1 2 3 4 Bräuchler, Christian (12 September 2018). "Delimitation and revision of the genus Thymbra (Lamiaceae)". Phytotaxa. 369 (1): 15–27. doi:10.11646/phytotaxa.369.1.2 . Retrieved 20 May 2019 via biotaxa.org.
  5. Altervista Flora Italiana, Timo arbustivo Thymbra capitata (L.) Cav. includes photos plus European distribution map