|Haw Par Mansion|
|Location||Tai Hang, Wan Chai, Hong Kong|
|Area||3.2 hectares (32,000 m2)|
|Founder||Aw Boon Haw|
|Designated||18 December 2009|
|Tiger Balm Garden|
|Tiger Balm Garden|
|Aw Boon Haw Garden|
Haw Par Mansion, better known for its public gardens known as Tiger Balm Garden or Aw Boon Haw Garden, was a mansion and gardens located at 15, Tai Hang Road, Tai Hang, Wan Chai District, Hong Kong. The Tiger Balm Garden was demolished for redevelopmentin 2004. The Haw Par Mansion and its private garden have been preserved.
The Hong Kong Haw Par Mansion and its formerly adjoining Tiger Balm Garden were one of three Tiger Balm mansions and gardens. The others are located in Singapore (now the Haw Par Villa) and in Fujian province, where the gardens remain.
The landscaped garden was built at a cost of HK$16 million by Aw Boon Haw and his family in 1935.It was opened to the public in the early 1950s.
In 1961, Aw It Haw (Chinese :胡一虎), fourth son of late Aw Boon Haw, made an open invitation to the public to buy the land, claiming the land was owned by a family-owned company Haw Par Brothers (Private) Limited (Chinese :虎豹兄有限公司) chaired by Aw Cheng Chye, son of late Aw Boon Par, which Aw It Haw also claimed that he was authorized by Aw Cheng Chye to published the advertisement of that invitation. However, the head of the flagship business of the late Aw Boon Haw in Hong Kong, Sin Poh Amalgamated (H.K.) Limited, the publisher of Sing Tao Daily , was Aw It Haw's half sister Sally Aw. The lawsuit of the heritage of Aw Boon Haw was settled in 1967.
In 1978 it was reported that Cheung Kong Holdings was interested to redevelop the area. million. Cheung Kong Holdings also purchased the contractual rights that Haw Par Brothers (Private) leasing the land to Haw Par Brothers International for 20 years in 1969 (i.e. 10 year remaining in 1979) for a reported HK$40 million. Cheung Kong Holdings built Ronsdale Garden on the land lease known as Inland Lot No. 5710. It was reported Sally Aw had bought back part of the Tiger Balm Garden and the mansion in 1984, which was known as Inland Lot No. 8972.The purchase price was a reported HK$25
In 1985, the garden was converted into the "Haw Par Villa" amusement park. Many of the sculptures were replaced by rides at that time, and were later replaced again by the old statues.
In 1998 the heir to the property, Sally Aw, sold the entire Garden complex to the land development company Cheung Kong (via Metrofond Limited) for redevelopment. million as land premium to the government to change the terms in the land lease for redevelopment due to the surrender of the mansion to the government.In 2001, The Hong Kong Government reached an agreement with Cheung Kong that, as part of the land premium payment, the Hong Kong Antiquities and Monuments Office (AMO) was responsible to preserve and restore the Haw Par Mansion itself together with its private garden as a museum. Cheung Kong only paid HK$943
When the Tiger Balm Garden was demolished for redevelopmentin 2004, many of the garden's murals and statues were salvaged by the AMO. The site of the Garden is now occupied by the residential development The Legend at Jardine's Lookout. Occupancy of the residence started in the first quarter of 2007.
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The original gardens covered eight acres (3.2 hectares).A 7-storey Tiger Pagoda was the highlight of the garden. Other tourist attractions included artificial Chinese landscaping dotted with sculptures.
The 3-storey Haw Par Mansion was the Aw family's residence in Hong Kong. It was built in 1935 in the Chinese Renaissance style. [ when? ]. The building became a Grade II historic building in 2000 and was granted Grade I status on 18 December 2009.There are more than 500 relics in the Mansion; they underwent restoration and repair
The Standard is an English free newspaper in Hong Kong with a daily circulation of 200,450 in 2012. It was formerly called the Hong Kong Standard and changed to HKiMail during the Internet boom but reverted to The Standard in 2001.
Sing Tao Holdings Limited was a Bermuda-incorporated company, but headquartered in Hong Kong. The company was listed in The Stock Exchange of Hong Kong. The company was a media and property conglomerate until it was dismantled in 2002. After selling the main media business and subsequent takeover in mid-2002, the legal person of the listed company, along with its property business, was renamed into Shanghai Ming Yuan Holdings.
Sin Chew Daily, formerly known as Sin Chew Jit Poh, is a leading Chinese-language newspaper in Malaysia. According to report from the Audit Bureau of Circulation for the period ending 31 December 2011, Sin Chew Daily has an average daily circulation of almost 500,000 copies and also the largest-selling Chinese-language newspaper outside Greater China. It is only on Sundays that the circulation of the Malay-language papers exceeds that of Sin Chew Daily.
Sin Chew Jit Poh was a Singapore newspaper. It was founded by Aw Boon Haw in Singapore. In the 1960s, it started its Malaysian bureau in Petaling Jaya, with full function printing house. Malaysian edition started to become a separate sister newspaper since they have the full function from news report writing to printing. Due to the Newspaper and Printing Presses Act enacted in 1974, starting from 1975, the two newspaper in Singapore and Malaysia had a separate ownership, which the Singapore edition was owned by Sin Chew Jit Poh (Singapore) Limited; the Malaysian edition was sold by Sin Poh Amalgamated in 1982.
Haw Par Corporation Limited is a Singaporean company involved in healthcare, leisure products, property and investment. It is the company responsible for Tiger Balm branded liniment (ointment). Its brands also included Kwan Loong and it also owns and operates weekend and leisure time destinations such as oceanariums.
Haw Par may refer to:
Haw Par Villa is a theme park located along Pasir Panjang Road in Singapore. The park contains over 1,000 statues and 150 giant dioramas depicting scenes from Chinese mythology, folklore, legends, history, and illustrations of various aspects of Confucianism. During the 1970s and 1980s, the park was a major local attraction; it is estimated that the park then welcomed at least 1 million annual visitors, and is considered as part of Singapore's cultural heritage. As of 2018, under the park operator Journeys, efforts to revitalise the park are ongoing with the holding of themed events and the planning and construction of ancillary museums.
Aw Boon-Haw, OBE, was a Burmese Chinese entrepreneur and philanthropist best known as founder of Tiger Balm. He was a son of Hakka herbalist Aw Chu-Kin, with his ancestral home in Yongding County, Fujian Province, China.
Tiger Balm Gardens are public gardens that existed or continue to exist in three East Asia locations. They are also known as Haw Par Villa gardens.
Aw Boon-Par was a Burmese Chinese entrepreneur and philanthropist best known for introducing Tiger Balm.
A visionary environment or fantasy world is a large artistic installation, on the scale of a building or sculpture parks, intended to express a vision of its creator. The subjective and personal nature of these projects often implies a marginal status for the artists involved, and there is a strong association between visionary environments and outsider art.
Aw Chu Kin was a Burmese Chinese herbalist. He is best known as the original inventor of Tiger Balm.
Aw Sian also known as Sally Aw, OBE, DStJ, JP, is a Hong Kong businesswoman and daughter of the Burmese-Hakka Chinese entrepreneur and newspaper proprietor Aw Boon-haw. Sally Aw was nicknamed Tiger Balm Lady as well as Chinese Howard Hughes.
Joseph Hsu King-shing also transliterated as Hsu King-Seng was a Chinese professional footballer and football manager. Born in Shanghai, Hsu moved to Hong Kong to continue his professional career and never returned to the mainland China to play nor coach. He coached both Hong Kong and Republic of China (Taiwan), as well as managed Singtao for more than a decade.
Sin Poh Amalgamated Limited was a Singapore publisher, which published Sin Chew Jit Poh in Singapore and Malaysia, as well as Sin Pin Jit Poh in Penang, Malaysia.
Dato Aw Cheng ChyeS.P.M.J., B.B.M., O.St.J was a Singaporean millionaire and son of the late Aw Boon Par. Aw Cheng Chye himself was the chairman of Haw Par Brothers (Private) Limited and Haw Par Brothers International Limited until his sudden death on 22 August 1971 in Santiago de Chile.
Chung Khiaw Bank Limited was a Singapore bank that was established by millionaire Aw Boon Haw and later became a subsidiary of United Overseas Bank after takeovers in 1971–72. Part of the shares of Chung Khiaw Bank was injected to a listed company Haw Par Brothers International in 1969 and was acquired by a domestic competitor United Overseas Bank (UOB) in 1971, after the parent company was takeover by Slater Walker. Chung Khiaw Bank merged with UOB in 1999.
Sing Sian Yer Pao Daily News formerly Sing Sian Yer Pao is a Thai newspaper that is published in Chinese language. It was founded by millionaire Aw Boon Haw, a Chinese Hakka diaspora, as a sister newspaper of the "Star Newspapers" in Singapore, Malaysia and Hong Kong as well as other locations. However, by ownership, they are currently not related; sister newspapers of Sing Sian Yer Pao currently is the publication by Nanfang Media Group of the People's Republic of China.
The Singapore Standard more commonly known as Singapore Tiger Standard or Tiger Standard, was a Singapore newspaper that was published in English language. The newspaper was founded by millionaire Aw Boon Haw, who was famous for his Tiger Balm and Star Newspapers. Singapore Standard was the sister newspaper of Hongkong Tiger Standard, as well as Sin Chew Jit Po of Singapore and Malaysia, which were published in Chinese. Aw Boon Haw also founded many newspapers in other location. Shortly after the Colony of Singapore gained its self-governance, Sin Poh Amalgamated, the publisher, stopped to publish the newspaper in 1959. It was reported that Aw Cheng Taik, a relative of Aw and former managing director of Singapore Standard, founded another "Tiger Newspaper" in August 1959 in Kuala Lumpur in the Federation of Malaya, which published in Chinese language. "Kuala Lumpur Tiger" was stopped to publish either in 1961, due to financial difficulties.
Aw family is the family member of Aw Chu Kin and his descendant. Aw Chu Kin started his business in Burma, which his two sons expanded it into a multi-national conglomerate that from Chinese medicines to newspaper, as well as bank, insurance and real estate. However, the family started to decline in the third generation, by the takeover of family-owned listed company Haw Par Brothers International in Singapore in 1971, which saw Sin Poh Amalgamated, Chung Khiaw Bank and Haw Par Brothers (Thailand) were spin-off from the listed company. Before the dismantle, the key position of the business empire was served by third-generation member and their spouse, which they were removed after the takeover. However, Sally Aw, granddaughter of Aw Chu Kin, remained as one of the influential media tycoon in Hong Kong in 1990s, until forced to sell her Sing Tao Holdings in 1999 due to financial difficulties.
Media related to Tiger Balm Garden (Hong Kong) at Wikimedia Commons
Media related to Haw Par Mansion at Wikimedia Commons