Last updated
"Tikoma" by William Howard Yorke.jpg
"Tikoma" by William Howard Yorke (1847-1921).
General characteristics
TypeWooden Barque
Displacement731 tonnes
Length166.2 ft
Beam19.5 ft
Height33.8 ft
NotesInvolved in trading timber and the transport of general supplies.
Flag of Canada.svg
Port of registry Chatham, New Brunswick
BuilderJohn and Thomas Jardine
Fate1889: Sold to O. C. Hansen, Sandefjord, Norway
Notes Official Number: 74405
Flag of Norway.svg

The barque Tikoma was built in Richibucto, New Brunswick, Canada, by John and Thomas Jardine, nephews of the ship builder John Jardine. She was registered in 1877 in Chatham, New Brunswick and sold to O. C. Hansen (Sandefjord, Norway,) in 1889. Tikoma was sold to C. Apenes and Son of Fredrikstad, Norway in 1897, and sold once more to Th. Andresen (Fredrikstad, Norway) in 1906. She ran aground off Pictou, Nova Scotia, in 1909, and was lost.


The Jardines

John Jardine is most notable for building the first square-rigged vessel in Kent County, New Brunswick (then, part of Northumberland County), in 1819. The ship was named the Ellen Douglas, and traded between Ricibucto and Scotland for many years. In 1824, John and Robert Jardine created the firm R. and J. Jardine, building seven vessels between the years 1824 and 1831. However, in 1831, the partnership dissolved, and John Jardine continued to work independently of Robert Jardine until 1844 when he decided to move to Liverpool, England. [1] [2]

Before John Jardine left for Liverpool, he had hired his nephews John and Thomas Jardine from where they had been working in Scotland. After their uncle had left in 1844, John and Thomas Jardine worked with Joseph Salter in Moncton for a time, built for their uncle under contract, and eventually established their own shipyard on the Richibucto River (J. & T. Jardine). [1] [2]

The Jardines’ first vessel was the ship Lochmaben Castle, launched in 1849, and their last vessel was the barque Valona, launched in 1884. Between these years, the Jardines built at least sixty vessels, including Tikoma. [1] [2]


Tikoma was built in Richibucto, New Brunswick and was registered in 1877 in the port of Chatham, New Brunswick, under the ownership of John and Thomas Jardine. In 1889, she was sold to O. C. Hansen in Sandefjord, Norway, and retained her name. In 1897, Tikoma was sold to C. Apenes and Son in Fredrikstad, Norway, but was not transferred until 1898. In 1906, she was sold to Th. Andresen, also from Fredrikstad, Norway. [3] [4] [5]

Wreck Location

On May 25, 1909, Tikoma was travelling from London, England to Pugwash, Nova Scotia in ballast when she ran aground off Pictou, Nova Scotia and was lost. [6]

Related Research Articles

Northumberland Strait Strait between Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia

The Northumberland Strait is a strait in the southern part of the Gulf of Saint Lawrence in eastern Canada. The strait is formed by Prince Edward Island and the gulf's eastern, southern, and western shores.

Tatamagouche is a village in Colchester County, Nova Scotia, Canada.

Pictou Town in Nova Scotia, Canada

Pictou Town is a town in Pictou County, in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia. Located on the north shore of Pictou Harbour, the town is approximately 10 km north of the larger town of New Glasgow.

HMCS <i>Pictou</i>

HMCS Pictou was a Royal Canadian Navy Flower-class corvette which took part in convoy escort duties during the Second World War. She fought mainly in the Battle of the Atlantic. She was named for Pictou, Nova Scotia.

Northumberland Ferries Limited (NFL) is a ferry company operating in eastern Canada and headquartered in Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island. NFL is also the owner of subsidiary Bay Ferries Limited through its holding company.

River John, Nova Scotia Unincorporated village and surrounding rural areas in Nova Scotia, Canada

River John is an unincorporated community in Pictou County, Nova Scotia, Canada.

<i>Marco Polo</i> (1851 ship)

Marco Polo was a three-masted wooden clipper ship, launched in 1851 at Saint John, New Brunswick. She was named after Venetian traveler Marco Polo. The ship carried emigrants and passengers to Australia and was the first vessel to make the round trip from Liverpool in under six months. Later in her career, the ship was used as a cargo ship before running aground off Cavendish, Prince Edward Island, in 1883.

<i>Theodore Tugboat</i> Children’s television series

Theodore Tugboat is a Canadian children's television series about a tugboat named Theodore who lives in the Big Harbour with all of his friends. The show originated in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada as a co-production between the CBC, and the now defunct Cochran Entertainment, and was filmed on a model set using radio controlled tugboats, ships, and machinery. Production of the show ended in 2001, and its distribution rights were later sold to Classic Media. The show premiered in Canada on CBC Television, then went to PBS, was on Qubo in the United States, and has appeared in eighty different countries.

Gustaf Erikson Finnish ship-owner

Gustaf Adolf Mauritz Erikson was a ship-owner from Mariehamn, in the Åland islands. He was famous for the fleet of windjammers he operated to the end of his life, mainly on the grain trade from Australia to Europe.

Kings County was a four-masted barque built in 1890 at Kingsport, Nova Scotia on the Minas Basin. She was named to commemorate Kings County, Nova Scotia and represented the peak of the county's shipbuilding era. Kings County was one of the largest wooden sailing vessels ever built in Canada and one of only two Canadian four-masted barques. At first registered as a four-masted full-rigged ship, she was quickly changed to a barque after her June 2 launch. More than three thousand people from Kings and Hants counties attended the launch. She survived a collision with an iceberg on an 1893 voyage to Swansea, Wales. Like many of the large wooden merchant ships built in Atlantic Canada, she spent most of her career far from home on trading voyages around the world. In 1909, she returned to the Minas Basin for a refit at Hantsport and loaded a large cargo of lumber. In 1911 she became the largest wooden ship to enter Havana Harbour when she delivered a cargo of lumber and was briefly stranded. She was lost a few months later on a voyage to Montevideo, Uruguay when she ran aground in the River Plate. Too damaged to repair, she was scrapped in Montevideo where her massive timbers were visible for many years.

CCGS Earl Grey is a Samuel Risley-class light icebreaker and buoy tender in the Canadian Coast Guard. Constructed in 1986, the vessel serves a variety of roles, including light ice-breaking and buoy tending, as well as being strengthened for navigation in ice to perform tasking along the shores off the Atlantic coast of Canada. Like her sister ship, CCGS Samuel Risley, she carries a large and powerful crane on her long low afterdeck for manipulating buoys. Earl Grey is the second icebreaker in Canadian service to carry the name.

Park ship Class of cargo ships built in Canada during World War II

Park ships were merchant steamships constructed for Canada’s Merchant Navy during the Second World War. Park ships and Fort ships were the Canadian equivalent of the American Liberty ships. All three shared a similar design by J.L. Thompson and Sons of Sunderland, England. Fort ships had a triple expansion steam engine and a single screw propeller. Fort ships were ships transferred to the British government and the Park ships were those employed by the Canadian government, both had the similar design. Park ships were named after local and National Parks of Canada. A few Park ships were launched as "Camp ships", named after Canada military camps, but were quickly renamed after Parks. Jasper Park was the first Park ship lost to enemy attack, in the Indian Ocean after a torpedo attack from U-177 in the Indian Ocean, South of Durban, South Africa.

HMS Urgent was an iron screw troopship of the Royal Navy. She served her later years as a storeship and depot ship based in Jamaica.

Morning Light was a wooden sailing ship. Her size was 265.3’ by 44.1’ by 21.1’. Launched in 1856, she weighed 2377 tons. She was registered at Saint John, New Brunswick until 1867. She was made of tamarack, oak, birch and pitch pine. Her last voyage was in 1889. She was wrecked and abandoned. Her last known cargo was iron and oil.

HMCS <i>Fennel</i>

HMCS Fennel was a Flower-class corvette that served primarily with the Royal Canadian Navy during the Second World War. Originally commissioned into the Royal Navy, she served as an ocean escort in the Battle of the Atlantic.

Pictou Shipyard

The Pictou Shipyard is a Canadian shipbuilding site located in Pictou County, Nova Scotia, and made famous by its use as an emergency shipbuilding facility in World War II, during which it constructed twenty-four 4,700-ton Scandinavian class freighters.

<i>Scotia</i> (barque) Steamship and research vessel

Scotia was a barque that was built in 1872 as the Norwegian whaler Hekla. She was purchased in 1902 by William Speirs Bruce and refitted as a research vessel for use by the Scottish National Antarctic Expedition. After the expedition, she served as a sealer, patrol vessel and collier. She was destroyed by fire in January 1916.

Wacousta was a steam cargo ship built in 1908 by the Archibald McMillan & Son of Dumbarton for the Wacousta Dampskibskompani, originally managed by Peter Anton Grøn of Sandefjord, and subsequently transferred to Christensen & Stenseth in March 1915. She was named after a fictional character from a novel Wacousta by John Richardson, published in 1832. The ship was primarily employed as a collier during her career.

Captain William Lowden was an early shipbuilder and pioneer of Pictou, Nova Scotia. With his sons, he built the first shipyard in Pictou in 1788. For his achievements, he is considered to be the father of shipbuilding in Pictou.

Harriet was launched at Pictou, Nova Scotia, in 1798. She was the first large ship built in Nova Scotia and was sold in London. She traded widely from London, primarily to North America. She foundered on 3 November 1818.


  1. 1 2 3 Spicer, S. T. “Masters of Sail”. Halifax: Pethric Press Limited, 1924
  2. 1 2 3 Thompson, M. T. “Jardine Shipbuilders of Kent County, New Brunswick”. Miramichi: Mirimachi Historical Society, 1963
  3. "Ship Registration Index: TIKOMA,” Library and Archives Canada, Government of Canada. (accessed 7 February 2013). [ dead link ]
  4. “Tikoma SV (1877-1889),” The Wrecksite, Ephyra Organiseren. (accessed 31 January 2013).
  5. “Tikoma SV (+1909),” The Wrecksite, Ephyra Organiseren. (accessed 31 January 2013).
  6. “On the Rocks: Find a Wreck: TIKOMA – 1909," Archived 2007-07-14 at the Wayback Machine Maritime Museum of the Atlantic, Nova Scotia Department of Tourism, Culture and Heritage. (accessed 7 February 2013).