Timeline of the Transnistria War

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This timeline of events is a chronological list of incidents and other notable occurrences related to the War of Transnistria , including events leading up to the war.





  1. announced that the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact was considered invalid.
  2. announced that the creation of the Moldavian SSR was unlawful.
  3. adopted the decision to abolish the Moldavian SSR, an entity created on 2 August 1940.




Ilie Ilascu. 50 years of European Convention on Human Rights Ilie Ilascu.jpg
Ilie Ilașcu. 50 years of European Convention on Human Rights


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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Transnistria</span> Unrecognised state in Eastern Europe

Transnistria, officially the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic (PMR), is an unrecognised state internationally considered to be part of Moldova. Transnistria controls most of the narrow strip of land between the Dniester river and the Moldovan–Ukrainian border, as well as some land on the other side of the river's bank. Its capital and largest city is Tiraspol. Transnistria has been recognised only by three other unrecognised or partially recognised breakaway states: Abkhazia, Artsakh, and South Ossetia. Transnistria is officially designated by the Republic of Moldova as the Administrative-Territorial Units of the Left Bank of the Dniester or as Stînga Nistrului. In March 2022, the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe adopted a resolution that defines the territory as under military occupation by Russia.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bender, Moldova</span> Municipality in Transnistria, Moldova

Bender or Bendery, also known as Tighina, is a city within the internationally recognized borders of Moldova under de facto control of the unrecognized Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic (Transnistria) (PMR) since 1992. It is located on the western bank of the river Dniester in the Romanian historical region of Bessarabia.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Administrative divisions of Moldova</span>

According to the Moldovan law on territorial administrative organisation, Moldova is divided administratively into the following administrative territorial units: districts, cities/towns and villages. The administrative territorial organization of Moldova is made on 2 levels:

  1. villages (communes), sectors and cities/towns (municipii) constitute the first level,
<span class="mw-page-title-main">Igor Smirnov (politician)</span> First President of Transnistria

Igor Nikolaevich Smirnov is a Russian-born Transnistrian politician who served as the first president (1991–2011) of the internationally unrecognized Pridnestrovian Moldovan Republic.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Transnistria War</span> 1990–1992 conflict between Moldova and Russian-backed self-proclaimed Transnistria

The Transnistria War was an armed conflict that broke out on 2 November 1990 in Dubăsari between pro-Transnistria forces, including the Transnistrian Republican Guard, militia and neo-Cossack units, and pro-Moldovan forces, including Moldovan troops and police.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Transnistria conflict</span> Conflict between Moldova and its breakaway region of Transnistria since 1990

The Transnistria conflict is an ongoing frozen conflict between Moldova and the unrecognized state of Transnistria. Its most active phase was the Transnistria War. There have been several attempts to resolve the conflict, although none have been successful. The conflict may be considered as having started on 2 September 1990, when Transnistria made a formal sovereignty declaration from Moldova.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">History of Transnistria</span> Aspect of history

This is the history of Transnistria, officially the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic (PMR), an unrecognised breakaway state that is internationally recognised as part of Moldova. Transnistria controls most of the narrow strip of land between the Dniester river and the Moldovan–Ukrainian border, as well as some land on the other side of the river's bank.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Romanian-language schools in Transnistria</span> Schools teaching in the Romanian language in Transnistria

The Romanian-language schools in Transnistria are subject to limitations by the government of Transnistria, an unrecognized breakaway region of Moldova since 1992.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Human rights in Transnistria</span>

The state of affairs with human rights in Transnistria has been criticized by several governments and international organizations. The Republic of Moldova, and other states and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) claim that the government of Transnistria is authoritarian and has a record of arbitrary arrest and torture.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Russian military presence in Transnistria</span> Russian forces present in the Moldovan region of Transnistria

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Pridnestrovian Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic</span> Short-lived non-recognized Soviet republic

The Pridnestrovian Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic (PMSSR), also commonly known as Soviet Transnistria or simply as Transnistria, was created on the eastern periphery of the Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic (MSSR) in 1990 by pro-Soviet separatists who hoped to remain within the Soviet Union when it became clear that the MSSR would achieve independence from the USSR and possibly unite with Romania. The PMSSR was never recognised as a Soviet republic by the authorities in either Moscow or Chișinău. In 1991, the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic succeeded the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Demographic history of Transnistria</span> Aspect of history

A demographic history of Transnistria shows that Transnistria has been home to numerous ethnic groups, in varying proportions, over time.

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The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Transnistria:

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Administrative divisions of Transnistria</span>

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Roads in Moldova</span> Overview of roads in Moldova

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The Battle of Tighina, also known as the Battle of Bender or the Battle of Bendery, was fought between 19 and 21 June 1992 between Moldova, backed by volunteers, military advisors and bought weapons from Romania; and the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic, an unrecognized breakaway state that declared independence from Moldova and relied on direct military support from Russia. The battle occurred in Tighina, now better known as Bender, a mostly ethnic Russian city at the western bank of the Dniester River. This is different from the rest of currently Transnistrian-controlled lands, which are located at the eastern bank of it. Bender is the Russian name of the city and Tighina is the Romanian one.


  1. Mihail Gh. Ciubotaru - "Nu răscoliţi apele negre!", in "Moldova" nr. 12/1990 (Romanian)
  2. "Дубоссары, ноябрь 1990 | Mircea Druc". Archived from the original on 2016-11-26. Retrieved 2016-11-26.
  3. В чем причины и суть приднестровского конфликта? Archived 2007-03-10 at the Wayback Machine
  4. A. Muntean, N. Ciubotaru - Războiul de pe Nistru, Ager-Economistul publishing house, pages 311-354, Bucharest 2004, ISBN   973-86452-0-4
  5. The press release of the grand chamber judgment in the case of Ilașcu and others v. Moldova and Russia - 2004
  6. Andrei Ivanţoc a fost agresat în momentul eliberării, BBC , June 2, 2007
  7. Incidente la eliberarea unuia dintre membrii grupului Ilascu – Realitatea TV – Externe