There is a long history of **women in mathematics in the United States**. All women mentioned here are American unless otherwise noted.

- 1829: The first public examination of an American girl in geometry was held.
^{ [1] } - 1886: Winifred Edgerton Merrill became the first American woman to earn a PhD in mathematics, which she earned from Columbia University.
^{ [2] }

- 1913: Mildred Sanderson earned her PhD for a thesis that included an important theorem about modular invariants.
^{ [3] } - 1927: Anna Pell-Wheeler became the first woman to present a lecture at the American Mathematical Society Colloquium.
^{ [4] } - 1943: Euphemia Haynes became the first African-American woman to earn a Ph.D. in mathematics, which she earned from Catholic University of America.
^{ [5] } - 1949: Gertrude Mary Cox became the first woman elected into the International Statistical Institute.
^{ [6] } - 1956: Gladys West began collecting data from satellites at the Naval Surface Warfare Center Dahlgren Division. Her calculations directly impacted the development of accurate GPS systems.
^{ [7] } - 1962: Mina Rees became the first woman to win the Mathematical Association of America's highest honor, the Yueh-Gin Gung and Dr. Charles Y. Hu Award for Distinguished Service to Mathematics.
^{ [4] } - 1966: Mary L. Boas published
*Mathematical Methods in the Physical Sciences*, which was still widely used in college classrooms as of 1999.^{ [8] }^{ [9] }

- 1970: Mina Rees became the first female president of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.
^{ [10] } - 1971:
- Mary Ellen Rudin constructed the first Dowker space.
^{ [11] } - The Association for Women in Mathematics (AWM) was founded. It is a professional society whose mission is to encourage women and girls to study and to have active careers in the mathematical sciences, and to promote equal opportunity for and the equal treatment of women and girls in the mathematical sciences. It is incorporated in the state of Massachusetts.
^{ [12] } - The American Mathematical Society established its Joint Committee on Women in the Mathematical Sciences (JCW), which later became a joint committee of multiple scholarly societies.
^{ [13] }

- Mary Ellen Rudin constructed the first Dowker space.
- 1973: Jean Taylor published her dissertation on "Regularity of the Singular Set of Two-Dimensional Area-Minimizing Flat Chains Modulo 3 in R3" which solved a long-standing problem about length and smoothness of soap-film triple function curves.
^{ [14] } - 1974: Joan Birman published the book
*Braids, Links, and Mapping Class Groups*. It has become a standard introduction, with many of today's researchers having learned the subject through it.^{ [15] } - 1975–1977: Marjorie Rice, who had no formal training in mathematics beyond high school, discovered three new types of tessellating pentagons and more than sixty distinct tessellations by pentagons.
^{ [16] } - 1975: Julia Robinson became the first female mathematician elected to the National Academy of Sciences.
^{ [17] } - 1979:
- Dorothy Lewis Bernstein became the first female president of the Mathematical Association of America.
^{ [18] } - Mary Ellen Rudin became the first woman to present the MAA's Earle Raymond Hedrick Lectures, intended to showcase skilled expositors and enrich the understanding of instructors of college-level mathematics.
^{ [4] }

- Dorothy Lewis Bernstein became the first female president of the Mathematical Association of America.

- 1981: Doris Schattschneider became the first female editor of
*Mathematics Magazine*, a refereed bimonthly publication of the Mathematical Association of America.^{ [19] }^{ [20] } - 1983: Julia Robinson became the first female president of the American Mathematical Society,
^{ [17] }and the first female mathematician to be awarded a MacArthur Fellowship.^{ [4] } - 1988: Doris Schattschneider became the first woman to present the MAA's J. Sutherland Frame Lectures.
^{ [4] }

- 1992: Gloria Gilmer became the first woman to deliver a major National Association of Mathematicians lecture (it was the Cox-Talbot address).
^{ [21] } - 1995: Margaret Wright became the first female president of the Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics.
^{ [4] } - 1996: Joan Birman became the first woman to receive the MAA's Chauvenet Prize, an annual award for expository articles.
^{ [4] } - 1998: Melanie Wood became the first female American to make the U.S. International Math Olympiad Team. She won silver medals in the 1998 and 1999 International Mathematical Olympiads.
^{ [22] }

- 2002: Melanie Wood became the first American woman and second woman overall to be named a Putnam Fellow in 2002. Putnam Fellows are the top five (or six, in case of a tie) scorers on William Lowell Putnam Mathematical Competition.
^{ [23] }^{ [24] } - 2004:
- Melanie Wood became the first woman to win the Frank and Brennie Morgan Prize for Outstanding Research in Mathematics by an Undergraduate Student. It is an annual award given to an undergraduate student in the US, Canada, or Mexico who demonstrates superior mathematics research.
^{ [25] } - Alison Miller became the first female gold medal winner on the U.S. International Mathematical Olympiad Team.
^{ [26] }

- Melanie Wood became the first woman to win the Frank and Brennie Morgan Prize for Outstanding Research in Mathematics by an Undergraduate Student. It is an annual award given to an undergraduate student in the US, Canada, or Mexico who demonstrates superior mathematics research.
- 2006: Stefanie Petermichl, a German mathematical analyst then at the University of Texas at Austin, became the first woman to win the Salem Prize, an annual award given to young mathematicians who have worked in Raphael Salem's field of interest, chiefly topics in analysis related to Fourier series.
^{ [27] }^{ [4] }She shared the prize with Artur Avila.^{ [28] } - 2007: Kaumudi Joshipura, an Indian dentist-scientist, biostatistician, and epidemiologist, became the NIH endowed chair and director of the center for clinical research and health promotion at University of Puerto Rico, Medical Sciences Campus.
^{ [29] }^{ [30] } - 2019: Karen Uhlenbeck became the first woman to win the Abel Prize, with the award committee citing "the fundamental impact of her work on analysis, geometry and mathematical physics."
^{ [31] }

The **American Mathematical Society** (**AMS**) is an association of professional mathematicians dedicated to the interests of mathematical research and scholarship, and serves the national and international community through its publications, meetings, advocacy and other programs.

**Melanie Matchett Wood** is an American mathematician at Harvard University who was the first woman to qualify for the U.S. International Mathematical Olympiad Team. She completed her PhD in 2009 at Princeton University and is currently Professor of Mathematics at Harvard University, after being Chancellor's Professor of Mathematics at UC Berkeley and Vilas Distinguished Achievement Professor of Mathematics at the University of Wisconsin, and spending 2 years as Szegö Assistant Professor at Stanford University.

* Mathematics Magazine* is a refereed bimonthly publication of the Mathematical Association of America. Its intended audience is teachers of collegiate mathematics, especially at the junior/senior level, and their students. It is explicitly a journal of mathematics rather than pedagogy. Rather than articles in the terse "theorem-proof" style of research journals, it seeks articles which provide a context for the mathematics they deliver, with examples, applications, illustrations, and historical background. Paid circulation in 2008 was 9,500 and total circulation was 10,000.

**Joan Sylvia Lyttle Birman** is an American mathematician, specializing in low-dimensional topology. She has made contributions to the study of knots, 3-manifolds, mapping class groups of surfaces, geometric group theory, contact structures and dynamical systems. Birman is research professor emerita at Barnard College, Columbia University, where she has been since 1973.

The **Association for Women in Mathematics (AWM)** is a professional society whose mission is to encourage women and girls to study and to have active careers in the mathematical sciences, and to promote equal opportunity for and the equal treatment of women and girls in the mathematical sciences. The AWM was founded in 1971 and incorporated in the state of Massachusetts. AWM has approximately 5200 members, including over 250 institutional members, such as colleges, universities, institutes, and mathematical societies. It offers numerous programs and workshops to mentor women and girls in the mathematical sciences. Much of AWM's work is supported through federal grants.

**Margaret H. Wright** is an American computer scientist and mathematician.

**Louise Hay** was a French-born American mathematician. Her work focused on recursively enumerable sets and computational complexity theory, which was influential with both Soviet and US mathematicians in the 1970s. When she was appointed head of the mathematics department at the University of Illinois at Chicago, she was the only woman to head a math department at a major research university in her era.

There is a long history of **women in dentistry in the United States**.

**Sylvia Margaret Wiegand** is an American mathematician.

**Doris J. Schattschneider** is an American mathematician, a retired professor of mathematics at Moravian College. She is known for writing about tessellations and about the art of M. C. Escher, for helping Martin Gardner validate and popularize the pentagon tiling discoveries of amateur mathematician Marjorie Rice, and for co-directing with Eugene Klotz the project that developed The Geometer's Sketchpad.

This is a timeline of **women in mathematics**.

**Cora Susana Sadosky de Goldstein** was a mathematician and Professor of Mathematics at Howard University.

The **Louise Hay Award** is a mathematics award established in 1990 by the Association for Women in Mathematics in recognition of contributions as a math educator. The award was created in honor of Louise Hay.

The **M. Gweneth Humphreys Award** or **Humphreys Award** is a mathematics award established by the Association for Women in Mathematics in recognition of mathematics educators who have exhibited outstanding mentorship. The award is named for Mabel Gweneth Humphreys (1911-2006) who earned her Ph.D. at age 23 from the University of Chicago in 1935. She taught mathematics to women for her entire career, first at Mount St. Scholastica College, then for several years at Sophie Newcomb College, and finally for over thirty years at Randolph Macon Woman's College. This award, funded by contributions from her former students and colleagues at Randolph-Macon Woman's College, recognizes her commitment to and her influence on undergraduate students of mathematics.

**Julia Elisenda** (**Eli**) **Grigsby** is an American mathematician who works as a professor at Boston College. Her research began with the study of low-dimensional topology, including knot theory and category-theoretic knot invariants. She is currently working in the field of machine learning.

**Emmy Murphy** is an American mathematician and a professor at Princeton University who works in the area of symplectic topology, contact geometry and geometric topology.

**Emily Riehl** is an American mathematician who has contributed to higher category theory and homotopy theory. Much of her work, including her PhD thesis, concerns model structures and more recently the foundations of infinity-categories. She is the author of two textbooks and serves on the editorial boards of three journals.

The **Alice T. Schafer Mathematics Prize** is given annually to an undergraduate woman for excellence in mathematics by the Association for Women in Mathematics (AWM). The prize, which carries a monetary award, is named for former AWM president and founding member Alice T. Schafer; it was first awarded in 1990.

**Ruth I. Michler** was an American-born mathematician of German descent who lived and worked in the United States. She earned her Ph.D. in Mathematics from the University of California, Berkeley, and she was a tenured associate professor at the University of North Texas. She died at the age of 33 while visiting Northeastern University, after which at least three memorial conferences were held in her honor, and the Ruth I. Michler Memorial Prize was established in her memory.

The **AWM-SIAM Sonia Kovalevsky Lecture** is an award and lecture series that "highlights significant contributions of women to applied or computational mathematics." The Association for Women in Mathematics (AWM) and the Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics (SIAM) created the award and lecture series in 2002; the lecture is normally given each year at the SIAM Annual Meeting. Award winners receive a signed certificate from the AWM and SIAM presidents.

- ↑ Elizabeth Cady Stanton; Susan B. Anthony; Matilda Joslyn Gage; Ida Husted Harper, eds. (1889).
*History of Woman Suffrage: 1848–1861, Volume 1*. Susan B. Anthony. p. 36 . Retrieved 2011-04-18. - ↑ Susan E. Kelly & Sarah A. Rozner (28 February 2012). "Winifred Edgerton Merrill:"She Opened the Door"" (PDF).
*Notices of the AMS*.**59**(4). Retrieved 25 January 2014. - ↑ "Mildred Leonora Sanderson". agnesscott.edu. Retrieved 2014-01-25.
- 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 "Prizes, Awards, and Honors for Women Mathematicians". agnesscott.edu. Retrieved 2014-01-25.
- ↑ "Euphemia Lofton Haynes, first African American woman mathematician". math.buffalo.edu. Retrieved 2014-01-25.
- ↑ "Gertrude Mary Cox". agnesscott.edu. Retrieved 2014-01-25.
- ↑ "How Gladys West uncovered the 'Hidden Figures' of GPS".
*GPS World*. 2018-03-19. Retrieved 2018-09-22. - ↑ Mary L. Boas (1966).
*Mathematical methods in the physical sciences*. Wiley. ISBN 9780471084174. - ↑ Spector, Donald (1999). "Book Reviews".
*American Journal of Physics*.**67**(2): 165–169. doi:10.1119/1.19216. - ↑ "Mina Rees". agnesscott.edu. Retrieved 2014-01-25.
- ↑ "New Zealand Mathematical Societu Newsletter Number 84, April 2002". Massey.ac.nz. Retrieved 2017-06-20.
- ↑ "About AWM - AWM Association for Women in Mathematics" . Retrieved 2014-01-25.
- ↑ "JCW-Math | Joint Committee on Women in the Mathematical Sciences". jcwmath.wordpress.com. Retrieved 2014-01-25.
- ↑ "Jean Taylor". agnesscott.edu. Retrieved 2014-01-25.
- ↑ "Interview with Joan Birman" (PDF).
*Notices of the AMS*.**54**(1). 4 December 2006. Retrieved 25 January 2014. - ↑ Doris Schattschneider. "Perplexing Pentagons". britton.disted.camosun.bc.ca. Archived from the original on 2016-08-13. Retrieved 2014-01-25.
- 1 2 "Profiles of Women in Mathematics: Julia Robinson". awm-math.org. Retrieved 2014-01-25.
- ↑ Oakes, E.H. (2007).
*Encyclopedia of World Scientists*. Facts On File, Incorporated. ISBN 9781438118826. - ↑ "2005 Parson Lecturer - Dr. Doris Schattschneider". University of North Carolina at Asheville, Department of Mathematics. Archived from the original on 2014-01-11. Retrieved 2013-07-13..
- ↑ Riddle, Larry (April 5, 2013). "Biographies of Women Mathematicians | Doris Schattschneider". Agnes Scott College . Retrieved 2013-07-13.
- ↑ "Gloria Ford Gilmer". math.buffalo.edu. Retrieved 2014-01-25.
- ↑ Rimer, Sara (10 October 2008). "Math Skills Suffer in U.S., Study Finds".
*The New York Times*. Retrieved 2019-11-20. - ↑ "Duke Magazine-Where Are They Now?-January/February 2010". dukemagazine.duke.edu. Retrieved 2014-01-25.
- ↑ "Melanie Wood: The Making of a Mathematician - Cogito". cogito.cty.jhu.edu. Retrieved 2014-01-25.
- ↑ "2003 Morgan Prize" (PDF).
*Notices of the AMS*.**51**(4). 26 February 2004. Retrieved 25 January 2014. - ↑ "Math Forum @ Drexel: Congratulations, Alison!". mathforum.org. Retrieved 2014-01-25.
- ↑ Short vita, retrieved 2016-07-04.
- ↑ "UZH - Fields Medal Winner Artur Avila Appointed Full Professor at the University of Zurich". Media.uzh.ch. 2018-07-24. Retrieved 2018-10-09.
- ↑ Joshipura, Kaumudi Jinraj (February 2017). "CV" (PDF).
*Harvard School of Public Health*. - ↑ "Kaumudi Joshipura".
*Harvard School of Public Health*. Retrieved 2019-07-29. - ↑ Change, Kenneth (March 19, 2019). "Karen Uhlenbeck Is First Woman to Receive Abel Prize in Mathematics".
*New York Times*. Retrieved 19 March 2019.

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