Titeltbukta (English: Ten Tents Bay) is a bay on the northwestern coast of the Norwegian island of Jan Mayen.  The name originates from the establishment of ten "tents", in reality wood and brick structures, as a basic whaling station. This was set up in 1624 by Dutch whalers to lodge the men who flensed (cut up) the whales.  The Dutch also called it Zuidbaai (South Bay),  in contrast to the other on the island, to the north at Engelskbukta).
Jan Mayen is a Norwegian volcanic island in the Arctic Ocean with no permanent population. It is 55 km (34 mi) long (southwest-northeast) and 373 km2 (144 sq mi) in area, partly covered by glaciers. It has two parts: larger northeast Nord-Jan and smaller Sør-Jan, linked by a 2.5 km (1.6 mi) wide isthmus. It lies 600 km (370 mi) northeast of Iceland, 500 km (310 mi) east of central Greenland, and 900 km (560 mi) northwest of Vesterålen, Norway. The island is mountainous, the highest summit being the Beerenberg volcano in the north. The isthmus is the location of the two largest lakes of the island, Sørlaguna and Nordlaguna. A third lake is called Ullerenglaguna. Jan Mayen was formed by the Jan Mayen hotspot and is defined by geologists as a microcontinent.
The Norwegian Sea is a marginal sea, grouped with either the Atlantic Ocean or the Arctic Ocean, northwest of Norway between the North Sea and the Greenland Sea, adjoining the Barents Sea to the northeast. In the southwest, it is separated from the Atlantic Ocean by a submarine ridge running between Iceland and the Faroe Islands. To the north, the Jan Mayen Ridge separates it from the Greenland Sea.
Henry Hudson was an English sea explorer and navigator during the early 17th century, best known for his explorations of present-day Canada and parts of the northeastern United States.
Smeerenburg was a whaling settlement on Amsterdam Island in northwest Svalbard. It was founded by the Danish and Dutch in 1619 as one of Europe's northernmost outposts. With the local bowhead whale population soon decimated and whaling developed into a pelagic industry, Smeerenburg was abandoned about 1660.
This article discusses the history of whaling from prehistoric times up to the commencement of the International Whaling Commission (IWC) moratorium on commercial whaling in 1986. Whaling has been an important subsistence and economic activity in multiple regions throughout human history. Commercial whaling dramatically reduced in importance during the 19th century due to the development of alternatives to whale oil for lighting, and the collapse in whale populations. Nevertheless, some nations continue to hunt whales even today.
The Greenland Sea is a body of water that borders Greenland to the west, the Svalbard archipelago to the east, Fram Strait and the Arctic Ocean to the north, and the Norwegian Sea and Iceland to the south. The Greenland Sea is often defined as part of the Arctic Ocean, sometimes as part of the Atlantic Ocean. However, definitions of the Arctic Ocean and its seas tend to be imprecise or arbitrary. In general usage the term "Arctic Ocean" would exclude the Greenland Sea. In oceanographic studies the Greenland Sea is considered part of the Nordic Seas, along with the Norwegian Sea. The Nordic Seas are the main connection between the Arctic and Atlantic oceans and, as such, could be of great significance in a possible shutdown of thermohaline circulation. In oceanography the Arctic Ocean and Nordic Seas are often referred to collectively as the "Arctic Mediterranean Sea", a marginal sea of the Atlantic.
Thomas Marmaduke was an English explorer, sealer, and whaler in the early 17th century.
Willem Cornelisz. van Muyden was an early 17th-century mariner. He is known in the Netherlands as De Eerste Walvisvanger (1613). Van Muydenbukta and Van Mijenfjorden on the west coast of Spitsbergen and Kapp Muyen on the west coast of Jan Mayen are named after him.
Maria Muschbukta is an open bay between Fulgeberget and Kvalrossen, on the western coast of the Norwegian island of Jan Mayen. It is named after the shipowner Maria Musch. She was a member of the Kleine Noordse Compagnie, which sent a ship to Jan Mayen in 1616 as part of early Dutch whaling. This ship was the first to use the bay to hunt whales. The name is shown on Joan Blaeu's 1662 map of the island.
Hoepstockbukta is a small cove on the western coast of the Norwegian island of Jan Mayen and is named after Mathijs Jansz. Hoepstock, a Rotterdam whaler, who was the first to use the bay in 1616. The cove is shown on Joan Blaeu's 1662 map of the island.
Engelskbukta is a broad, open bay mid-way up the west coast of the Norwegian island of Jan Mayen. It lies between Kapp Rudsen and Kvalrossen, comprising Kvalrossbukta and Tømmerbukta. Presumably this is where the English resorted to in 1616, when they sent their first whaling ships to the island. The Dutch whalers called it Noordbaai and used it for one of their two main whaling stations. In 1632 two Basque whaling ships plundered the station, causing the Dutch to send a wintering party of seven men in 1633–34. All perished.
Sjuhollendarbukta is a bay on the western coast of the island of Jan Mayen. The Austrian Emil von Wohlgemuth (1886), who surveyed Jan Mayen, named the bay 7 Holländer Bucht, mistakenly believing it was the site of the wintering of seven Dutch whalers in 1633–34.
Rekvedbukta is an open bay on the central southern coast of the island of Jan Mayen, about eight nautical miles long.
Rooberg is a 50 m (165 ft) hill at Sjuhollendarbukta, a bay on the northwestern coast of the island of Jan Mayen. The hill is often mentioned during the Dutch wintering at Jan Mayen in 1633–34.
Kapp Muyen is a cape just 107 m (350 ft) west of Beerenberg, the stratovolcano which forms the northeastern end of the Norwegian island of Jan Mayen. The point is named after the Dutch whaling master Willem Cornelisz. van Muyden, who was among the first to catch whales at Jan Mayen.
The Noordsche Compagnie was a Dutch cartel in the whaling trade, founded by several cities in the Netherlands in 1614 and operating until 1642. Soon after its founding, it became entangled in territorial conflicts with England, Denmark, France, and other groups within the Netherlands.
The Basques were among the first people to catch whales commercially, as opposed to aboriginal whaling, and dominated the trade for five centuries, spreading to the far corners of the North Atlantic and even reaching the South Atlantic. The French explorer Samuel de Champlain, when writing about Basque whaling in Terranova, described them as "the cleverest men at this fishing". By the early 17th century, other nations entered the trade in earnest, seeking the Basques as tutors, "for [they] were then the only people who understand whaling", lamented the English explorer Jonas Poole.
Eggøya is a peninsula of Jan Mayen island of the Arctic Ocean. It is located on the southern side, in the central part of the island, east of Sørlaguna, and defines the northeastern extension of the bay Rekvedbukta. To the west of the peninsula is the bay Eggøybukta, and to the east is the bay Jamesonbukta. The highest peak at the peninsula has a height of 217 m.a.s.l. Eggøya consists of the northern part of an old volcanic crater, and small hydrothermal vents are still present. The outer part of the peninsula forms the semicircular bay of Kraterbukta, facing south-southeast with steep slopes. To the south of the peninsula is a small islet, Eggøykalven.
Hornbækbukta is a bay at the southeastern side of the Norwegian island of Jan Mayen. It has a width of 2.2 kilometers, and extends from the headland of Fugleodden to the southwest, to Kapp Wien to the northeast. The bay is named after hydrographer Helge Hornbæk.
Trollsletta is a coastal plain on the North Arctic Ocean island of Jan Mayen.
Coordinates: 70°54.5′N8°56.7′W / 70.9083°N 8.9450°W