Kjerulf Glacier (Jan Mayen)

Last updated
Kjerulf Glacier
Kjerulfbreen
Kjerulf Glacier Jan Mayen.jpg
The Kjerulf Glacier in the Beerenberg
North Atlantic Ocean laea relief location map.jpg
Blue pog.svg
Location of Jan Mayen
Type Piedmont glacier
Location Jan Mayen
Coordinates 71°7′9″N8°7′42″W / 71.11917°N 8.12833°W / 71.11917; -8.12833 Coordinates: 71°7′9″N8°7′42″W / 71.11917°N 8.12833°W / 71.11917; -8.12833
Area5.8 km2 (2.2 sq mi) [1]
Length6.4 km (4.0 mi)
Terminus North Atlantic Ocean

Kjerulf Glacier (Norwegian : Kjerulfbreen) is a glacier in Jan Mayen. [2] It begins at the Hakluyttoppen slope, in the outer crater edge of the Beerenberg. The Kjerulf Glacier and both its neighbors, the Weyprecht Glacier in the west and the Svend-Foyn Glacier in the east, are the most active glaciers in the island. [3] [4]

Contents

The glacier was named after Norwegian geologist Theodor Kjerulf (1825–88), founder of the Geological Survey of Norway, during the Norwegian North-Atlantic Expedition 1876-1878 led by Henrik Mohn. [5]

See also

Related Research Articles

Jan Mayen Norwegian volcanic island situated in the Arctic Ocean

Jan Mayen is a Norwegian volcanic island in the Arctic Ocean. It is 55 km (34 mi) long (southwest-northeast) and 373 km2 (144 sq mi) in area, partly covered by glaciers. It has two parts: larger northeast Nord-Jan and smaller Sør-Jan, linked by a 2.5 km (1.6 mi) wide isthmus. It lies 600 km (370 mi) northeast of Iceland, 500 km (310 mi) east of central Greenland and 1,000 km (620 mi) west of the North Cape, Norway. The island is mountainous, the highest summit being the Beerenberg volcano in the north. The isthmus is the location of the two largest lakes of the island, Sørlaguna, and Nordlaguna. A third lake is called Ullerenglaguna. Jan Mayen was formed by the Jan Mayen hotspot.

Beerenberg A volcano on Jan Mayen island

Beerenberg is a stratovolcano dominating the northeastern end of the Norwegian island of Jan Mayen. It is 2,277 m (7,470 ft) high and is the world's northernmost subaerial active volcano. The volcano is topped by a mostly ice-filled crater about 1 km (0.6 mi) wide, with numerous peaks along its rim including the highest summit, Haakon VII Toppen, on its western side.

Svalbard and Jan Mayen Two parts of Norway under separate jurisdictions

Svalbard and Jan Mayen is a statistical designation defined by ISO 3166-1 for a collective grouping of two remote jurisdictions of Norway: Svalbard and Jan Mayen. While the two are combined for the purposes of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) category, they are not administratively related. This has further resulted in the country code top-level domain .sj being issued for Svalbard and Jan Mayen, and ISO 3166-2:SJ. The United Nations Statistics Division also uses this code, but has named it Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands.

Norwegian Polar Institute government agency

The Norwegian Polar Institute is Norway's central governmental institution for scientific research, mapping and environmental monitoring in the Arctic and the Antarctic. The NPI is a directorate under Norway's Ministry of Climate and Environment. The institute advises Norwegian authorities on matters concerning polar environmental management and is the official environmental management body for Norwegian activities in Antarctica.

Greenland Sea body of water that borders Greenland to the west, the Svalbard archipelago to the east, south of the Fram Strait

The Greenland Sea is a body of water that borders Greenland to the west, the Svalbard archipelago to the east, Fram Strait and the Arctic Ocean to the north, and the Norwegian Sea and Iceland to the south. The Greenland Sea is often defined as part of the Arctic Ocean, sometimes as part of the Atlantic Ocean. However, definitions of the Arctic Ocean and its seas tend to be imprecise or arbitrary. In general usage the term "Arctic Ocean" would exclude the Greenland Sea. In oceanographic studies the Greenland Sea is considered part of the Nordic Seas, along with the Norwegian Sea. The Nordic Seas are the main connection between the Arctic and Atlantic oceans and, as such, could be of great significance in a possible shutdown of thermohaline circulation. In oceanography the Arctic Ocean and Nordic Seas are often referred to collectively as the "Arctic Mediterranean Sea", a marginal sea of the Atlantic.

Theodor Kjerulf Norwegian geologist and poet

Theodor Kjerulf was a Norwegian geologist and professor at the University of Oslo. He also served as director of the Norwegian Geological Survey.

Geological Survey of Norway

Geological Survey of Norway, abbr: NGU is a Norwegian government agency responsible for geologic mapping and research. The agency is located in Trondheim with an office in Tromsø, with about 200 employees. It is subordinate to the Norwegian Ministry of Trade, Industry and Fisheries.

Kjerulf Glacier glacier in Antarctica

Kjerulf Glacier, Norwegian: Kjerulfbreen, is a glacier 7 nautical miles (13 km) long flowing west from Mount Sugartop to the east side of Newark Bay, on the south coast of South Georgia. It was mapped by Olaf Holtedahl during his visit to South Georgia in 1927–28, and named by him for Norwegian geologist Theodor Kjerulf, Professor of Mineralogy at the University of Christiania.

Finn Malmgren Fjord fjord in Svalbard

Finn Malmgren Fjord is a fjord in Orvin Land at Nordaustlandet, Svalbard, between Glenhalvøya and Bergstrømodden. A land tongue of 0.5 kilometers separates the fjord from Adlersparrefjorden. Finn Malmgrenfjorden is named after Arctic explorer Finn Malmgren.

Kjerulfbreen glacier in Svalbard

Kjerulfbreen is a glacier in Oscar II Land at Spitsbergen, Svalbard. It has a length of about 7.5 kilometers, and is debouching into the Trygghamna bay at the northern side of Isfjorden. The glacier is named after Norwegian geologist Theodor Kjerulf.

Waggonwaybreen glacier in Svalbard

Waggonwaybreen is a glacier in Albert I Land at Spitsbergen, Svalbard. It has a length of about seven kilometers, and debouches into Magdalenefjorden.

Stormbukta bay in Svalbard, Norway

Stormbukta is a bay in Sørkapp Land at Spitsbergen, Svalbard. It is located at the western shore of Spitsbergen, extending from Olsokneset northwards to Bjørnbeinflya. The bay is named after Arctic explorer Erik Storm. The glaciers Olsokbreen and Sørkappfonna debouch into the bay.

Samarinvågen is a bay in Sørkapp Land at Spitsbergen, Svalbard. It is a southern bay of the fjord Hornsund, located between Meranfjellet and Traunkammen. The bay is named after Samarin, member of Arctic expeditions between 1899 and 1902. The glacier Samarinbreen debouches into the bay.

Brepollen is a bay in Sørkapp Land and Torell Land at Spitsbergen, Svalbard. It is located at the inner part of Hornsund, surrounded by the glaciers Mendeleevbreen, Svalisbreen, Hornbreen and Storbreen.

Rijpbreen is a glacier in Gustav V Land at the northern side of Nordaustlandet, Svalbard. The glacier debouches into Bengtssenbukta, a western branch of Rijpfjorden. The glacier is named after Dutch explorer Jan Rijp.

Besselsbreen is a glacier on Barentsøya, Svalbard. It is the largest offshoot of Barentsjøkulen, reaching down to the sea in the northeast direction, west of the point Kapp Bessels. The glacier is named after German Arctic explorer Emil Bessels.

Petermann Peak mountain in Northeast Greenland National Park Greenland

Petermann Peak,, also known as Petermann Fjeld, Petermanns Topp and Petermann Point is a mountain in King Christian X Land, Northeast Greenland. Administratively it is part of the Northeast Greenland National Park zone.

Weyprecht Glacier

Weyprecht Glacier is a glacier in Jan Mayen. It is the longest glacier located in the Beerenberg area.

Kjerulf Fjord fjord in Greenland

Kjerulf Fjord is a fjord in King Christian X Land, eastern Greenland.

Kjerulf is a Danish surname. Notable people with the surname include:

References

  1. Olav Orheim. Glaciers of Europe – Glaciers of Jan Mayen, Norway, in Richard S. Williams, Jr., Jane G. Ferrigno (eds.); Satellite Image Atlas of Glaciers of The World (U. S. Geological Survey Professional Paper. 1386-E-6).
  2. "Weyprechtbreen". Mapcarta. Retrieved 18 March 2019.
  3. Robert P. Sharp. Glaciers in the Arctic, in Arctic. vol. 9, n. 1 and 2, pp. 78–117
  4. J. N. Jennings. Glacier Retreat in Jan Mayen. in Journal of Glaciology. vol. 1, 1947, pp. 167–172 and 178–181
  5. Kjerulfbreen - Stadnamn i norske polarområde, Norsk polarinstitutt.