Trent Bridge (bridge)

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Trent Bridge
TrentBridge2016.jpg
View of Trent Bridge from the bank of the River Trent, West Bridgford
Coordinates 52°56′18.4″N1°08′10.9″W / 52.938444°N 1.136361°W / 52.938444; -1.136361 Coordinates: 52°56′18.4″N1°08′10.9″W / 52.938444°N 1.136361°W / 52.938444; -1.136361
CarriesRoad traffic ( A60 , single carriageway)
Crosses River Trent
Locale Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, England
Heritage status Grade II listed
Characteristics
MaterialIron and stone
Width40 feet (12 m)
Longest span100 feet (30 m)
History
Designer Marriott Ogle Tarbotton
Constructed by Andrew Handyside and Company
Construction start1868
Construction end1871
Nottinghamshire UK location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Trent Bridge
Location in Nottinghamshire

Trent Bridge is an iron and stone road bridge across the River Trent in Nottingham, England. It is the principal river crossing for entrance to the city from the south, although the upstream Clifton Bridge is both larger and busier.

River Trent major river of England

The River Trent is the third-longest river in the United Kingdom. Its source is in Staffordshire on the southern edge of Biddulph Moor. It flows through and drains most of the metropolitan central and northern Midlands south and east of its source north of Stoke-on-Trent. The river is known for dramatic flooding after storms and spring snowmelt, which in past times often caused the river to change course.

Nottingham City and unitary authority area in England

Nottingham is a city and unitary authority area in Nottinghamshire, England, 128 miles (206 km) north of London, 45 miles (72 km) northeast of Birmingham and 56 miles (90 km) southeast of Manchester, in the East Midlands.

England Country in north-west Europe, part of the United Kingdom

England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to the west and Scotland to the north. The Irish Sea lies west of England and the Celtic Sea to the southwest. England is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south. The country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain, which lies in the North Atlantic, and includes over 100 smaller islands, such as the Isles of Scilly and the Isle of Wight.

Contents

History

Medieval bridge

The first bridge is thought to have been constructed on the site in 920. A second bridge which was started in 1156 had more than 20 stone arches and a chapel dedicated to St. James [1] at one end. It was maintained by a religious organisation. On 21 February 1551 the responsibility for repair passed to Nottingham Corporation, through a Royal Charter which created the Bridge Estate.

It was known as Hethbeth bridge, Heath-beth bridge, or Heck-beck bridge. [2]

This bridge was damaged by floods several times, and the northern half was washed away in 1683. The repaired bridge had fifteen arches across the river and flood areas, giving openings covering 347 ft in a total length of 538 ft. [3] Although it was repaired, the foundations had become unsafe and a project to replace it was started in the 1860s.

Current bridge

Old and new bridges pictured together in 1871 Old and new trent bridges 1871.jpg
Old and new bridges pictured together in 1871

The bridge was designed by Marriott Ogle Tarbotton. [4] Construction started in 1868 and was completed in 1871 by Derbyshire iron maker, Andrew Handyside. The general contractor was Benton and Woodiwiss of Derby. It was completed for a cost of £30,000 (equivalent to £2,743,769 as of 2018). [5] There were three main cast iron arch spans each 100 feet (30 m) braced by wrought iron girders. The width between the parapets was 40 feet (12 m). It is a Grade II listed building. [6] The carving on the bridge was executed by Mawer and Ingle of Leeds. [7]

Marriott Ogle Tarbotton was born in Leeds on 6 December 1834 and died in Nottingham on 6 March 1887. He was Borough Engineer for Nottingham from 1859.

Andrew Handyside and Company

Andrew Handyside and Company was an iron founder in Derby, England, in the nineteenth century.

Mawer and Ingle was a company of architectural sculptors, based in Leeds, West Yorkshire, England, between 1860 and 1871. It comprised cousins Charles Mawer and William Ingle (1828–1870), and Catherine Mawer (1804–1877) who was mother of Charles and aunt of William. The group produced carvings on many Gothic Revival churches and their internal furnishings. They also worked on civic buildings, warehouses and offices. Many of these are now listed by Historic England, and many of the surviving buildings are within Yorkshire. Their work outside Yorkshire included Trent Bridge.

The new Trent Bridge formed part of a series of works along the banks of the river to improve flood defences by the construction of stepped, stone embankments.

Between 1924 and 1926 the bridge was widened to 80 ft by the Cleveland Bridge & Engineering Company. [8]

Cleveland Bridge UK Ltd is a renowned bridge building and structural engineering company based in Darlington, England. It has been involved in many major projects including the Victoria Falls Bridge, Sydney Harbour Bridge and the Humber Bridge.

Bridge Estate

Two arches from the old bridge are still preserved on the south bank of the river . Old Trent Bridge-geograph-3441254-by-John-Sutton.jpg
Two arches from the old bridge are still preserved on the south bank of the river .

The Bridge Estate was created by a Royal Charter of King Edward VI on 21 February 1551 with Nottingham Corporation as Trustee. The objective was to provide funds to maintain and repair the Bridge.

In 1882 the funds exceed the requirement of the objective, and three new objectives were agreed:

In 1945 the Bridge Estate was registered as Charity 220716 with the Charity Commissioners.

Flood marks

Trent Bridge flood marks Archway Under Trent Bridge - geograph.org.uk - 608013.jpg
Trent Bridge flood marks
Another view of the Trent Bridge flood marks Flood markers, Trent Bridge - geograph.org.uk - 985405.jpg
Another view of the Trent Bridge flood marks

On the northern abutment of the bridge, the high water marks reached by floods since 1852 have been carved into the stonework. This practice was started during the period when the Hethbeth bridge still existed, and those earlier marks were transferred onto the new bridge. To enable a comparison to be made with the peak levels, a graduated series of heights in feet above sea level has also been added. [9] [10] [11]

The highest flood mark is for the October 1875 flood, but the larger 1795 Candlemas flood, has been attributed with a height at the bridge of 24.55 metres (80.5 ft). Normal water level which is controlled by Holmes Sluices some 4 kilometres (2.5 mi) downstream, is 20.7 metres (68 ft). [9] [10] [12]

The bridge is one of Nottingham's most famous landmarks and sits at the heart of Nottingham's sporting district. The bridge lends its name to the nearby Nottinghamshire County Cricket Club Trent Bridge stadium, one of England's biggest and most famous cricket grounds. Nottingham Forest FC's City Ground stadium and Notts County FC's Meadow Lane stadium are nearby. The bridge has also been used in as the backdrop for the regional BBC East Midlands Today and ITV Central News.[ citation needed ]

The Riverbank public house overlooks the bridge in its former tollhouse.[ citation needed ]

In December 2002, the Nottingham Princess river cruise boat crashed into the central column of the bridge when it lost control in strong currents. [12]

Next road crossing upstream River Trent Next road crossing downstream
Clifton Bridge (Nottingham)
A52  
Trent Bridge
A60

Grid reference: SK581382
Lady Bay Bridge
A6011
Next footbridge upstreamRiver TrentNext footbridge downstream
Wilford Suspension Bridge  Trent Bridge
A60

Grid reference: SK581382
Lady Bay Bridge 

See also

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References

  1. Bridges, law and power in medieval England, 700-1400. Alan Cooper
  2. History and antiquities of Nottingham. James Orange
  3. Civil Engineering Heritage, Eastern and Central England, 1994, Edward A Labrum, ISBN   0-7277-1970-X
  4. Nottingham: an illustrated history By J. V. Beckett, Ken Brand
  5. UK Retail Price Index inflation figures are based on data from Clark, Gregory (2017). "The Annual RPI and Average Earnings for Britain, 1209 to Present (New Series)". MeasuringWorth. Retrieved 27 January 2019.
  6. Historic England. "TRENT BRIDGE (1045636)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 15 June 2015.
  7. Bedfordshire Mercury Bedfordshire, England Saturday 29 July 1871 p6 col5: "Opening of a new bridge"
  8. Civil engineering heritage, eastern and central England. E. A. Labrum.
  9. 1 2 3 "Nottingham Left Bank Flood Alleviation Scheme Flood Risk Assessment" (PDF). broxtowe.gov.uk. 2001. Retrieved 10 May 2013.
  10. 1 2 Stone, Richard (2005). River Trent. Phillimore. p. 120. ISBN   1860773567.
  11. Macdonald, Neil (2012). "Reassessing flood frequency for the River Trent through the inclusion of historical flood information since AD1320" (PDF). cost-floodfreq.eu. Retrieved 10 May 2013.[ permanent dead link ]
  12. 1 2 "Report on the investigation of Nottingham Princess striking Trent Bridge Nottingham" (PDF). maib.gov.uk. 2003. Retrieved 1 June 2013.