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Temporal range: Early Oligocene to ?Early Miocene
Tsaganomys altaicus.jpg
Skull of Tsaganomys altaicus
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon.png
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Rodentia
Suborder: Hystricomorpha
Family: Tsaganomyidae
Matthew & Granger, 1923


The Tsaganomyidae are an extinct family of rodents from Asia. It contains three genera. [1] Tsaganomyids are generally considered to be related to the Hystricognathi (porcupines and relatives). [2] Members of Tsaganomyidae were fossorial (digging) rodents that probably used their incisor teeth to dig like some living mole rats. [3]


Tsaganomyids had a protrogomorphous zygomasseteric system, a hystricognathous lower jaw, and multiserial enamel in their incisor teeth. [3]

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  1. Wang, B. (2001). "On Tsaganomyidae (Rodentia, Mammalia) of Asia". American Museum Novitates. 3317: 1–50. doi:10.1206/0003-0082(2001)317<0001:OTRMOA>2.0.CO;2. hdl:2246/2933.
  2. McKenna, M. C & S. K. Bell (1997). Classification of Mammals Above the Species Level. Columbia University Press. ISBN   0-231-11012-X.
  3. 1 2 Bryant, J.D & M.C. McKenna (1995). "Cranial anatomy and phylogenetic position of Tsaganomys altaicus (Mammalia, Rodentia) from the Hsanda Gol Formation (Oligocene), Mongolia". American Museum Novitates. 3156: 1–42. hdl:2246/3675.