Twenty-ninth Dynasty of Egypt

Last updated
Egypt
398 BC–380 BC
Louvre-antiquites-egyptiennes-p1020361-gradient.jpg
Sphinx of Hakor
Capital Mendes
Common languages Egyptian language
Religion
Ancient Egyptian Religion
Government Absolute monarchy
Historical era Classical antiquity
 Deposition of Amyrtaeus
398 BC
 Deposition of Nefaarud II
380 BC
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Blank.png Twenty-eighth Dynasty of Egypt
Thirtieth Dynasty of Egypt Blank.png

The Twenty-ninth Dynasty of Egypt (notated Dynasty XXIX, alternatively 29th Dynasty or Dynasty 29) is usually classified as the fourth Dynasty of the Ancient Egyptian Late Period. It was founded after the overthrow of Amyrtaeus, the only Pharaoh of the 28th Dynasty, by Nefaarud I in 398 BC, and disestablished upon the overthrow of Nefaarud II in 380 BC.

Contents

History

Nefaarud I founded the 29th Dynasty (according to an account preserved in a papyrus in the Brooklyn Museum) by defeating Amyrtaeus in open battle, and later putting him to death at Memphis. Nefaarud then made Mendes his capital.

On Nefaarud's death, two rival factions fought for the throne: one behind his son Muthis, and the other supporting a usurper Psammuthes; although Psammuthes was successful, he only managed to reign for a year.

Psammuthes was overthrown by Hakor, who claimed to be the grandson of Nefaarud I. He successfully resisted Persian attempts to reconquer Egypt, drawing support from Athens (until the Peace of Antalcidas in 387 BC), and from the rebel king of Cyprus, Evagoras. Although his son Nefaarud II became king on his death, the younger Nefaarud was unable to keep hold of his inheritance.

Pharaohs of the 29th Dynasty

Name of PharaohImageReignComments
Nefaarud I Louvre 032007 15.jpg 398–393 BCDefeated Amyrtaeus in open battle and had him executed
Psammuthes Statue of 29th Dynasty King Psamuthis LACMA M.71.73.57.jpg 393 BCReigned for only a year. Overthrown by Hakor.
Hakor (Achoris) Statue Achoris Petrie 01.jpg 393–380BCOverthrew his predecessor Psammuthes. Father of Nefaarud II.
Nefaarud II 380 BCWas deposed and likely killed by Nectanebo I after ruling for only 4 months.

Timeline of the 29th Dynasty

Nefaarud IIHakorPsammuthesNefaarud ITwenty-ninth Dynasty of Egypt

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References