Universitatea din Craiova
Seal of the University of Craiova
|Latin: Universitas Craiovensis|
|Motto||Vita sine litteris mors est|
Motto in English
|Life without literature is death|
|Established||1947 – establishment |
1965 – university status
|Budget||€ 15.98 million (2013)|
|Rector||Cezar Ionuț Spînu|
13 Al. I. Cuza Str., 200585 Craiova,
|Colours||yellow and white|
The University of Craiova (Romanian : Universitatea din Craiova) is a public university located in Craiova, Romania. It was founded in 1947, initially with four institutes, in the Palace of Justice of Craiova. It is the largest university in the historical Oltenia province of Romania. It was the last university established in the Kingdom of Romania. It was the fifth university in Romania officially approved by the Ministerial Council of the Socialist Republic of Romania in 1965, with seven faculties: Mathematics, Philology, Electrotechnics, Agriculture, Horticulture, Chemistry and Economics. The university is a member of the European University Association. It currently includes a total of 16 faculties and two colleges for undergraduate and postgraduate programmes.
Professor Cezar Ionuț Spînu has been the university's 13th Rector since 2016.The university is governed by a seven-member Vice-Rector Board.
The university is internationally known for its football club CS Universitatea Craiova.
The idea of founding a higher school in Craiova was proposed in the 18th century by Nicolae Bălcescu, the leader of the Wallachian Revolution of 1848. The establishment of the University of Craiova put in a proposal by Ion Heliade Rădulescu in 1848. However, the failure of the Wallachian Revolution of 1848 did not allow an immediate implementation of this plan. Almost a century later, its establishment was approved based on Act 138/25 April 1947 in the Official Bulletin of the Kingdom of Romania.
The Faculty of Agriculture and the Agricultural Institute were established in 1947 and 1948, respectively.The Technical Institute and the Pedagogical Institute were also established in 1951 and 1959, respectively. The Pedagogical Institute of Craiova included four teaching faculties: Philosophy, Mathematics, Physics & Chemistry, and Natural Sciences.
According to the Act No.894/27 August 1965 approved by the Ministerial Council of the Socialist Republic of Romania, the University of Craiova was officially established with seven faculties: Mathematics, Philology, Electrotechnics, Agriculture, Horticulture, Chemistry and Economics.The agreement dissolved the Agricultural Institute, and its facilities were transferred to the Faculty of Agriculture and the Faculty of Horticulture. The Pedagogical Institute of Craiova was divided into the Faculty of Letters, the Faculty of Theology, the Faculty of Social Sciences, and the Faculty of Natural Sciences.
In 1970, the Faculty of Medicine was established. In 1998, it seceded to become the University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova. This has been ranked as one of the best universities for medicine in Romania, and has gained in popularity among students due to its six-year program and no entrance exam.
In 1974, the Faculty of Natural Sciences was divided into the Faculty of Mathematics, the Faculty of Chemistry and the Faculty of Physics. The Faculty of Mathematics later became the Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences in 1991.
By 1989 it consisted of the following faculties:
In 1990, its development was characterized by restructuring administrative offices, introducing new faculties, computerizing administrative process and improving faculties, in order to become a member of the European University Association.
Since 1991, the University of Craiova has had two campuses: Craiova and Drobeta-Turnu Severin. The Craiova campus includes technology, economics, informatics and secretarial work, while the Drobeta-Turnu Severin campus has administration and informatics.
|1947||Act 138/25 April 1947 in the Official Bulletin of the Kingdom of Romania|
|1948||Faculty of Agriculture and Agricultural Institute|
|1953||Agricultural Institute Botanical Garden|
|1961||Faculty of Social Sciences|
|1965||Act No.894/27 August 1965 by the Ministerial Council of the Socialist Republic of Romania|
|1966||University Library and Student Accommodation|
|1970||Faculty of Medicine|
|1972||Museum of the History of Medicine|
|1977||Faculty of Mechanical Engineering|
|1979||Alpine Botanical Garden in Parâng Mountains|
|1981||University IT Centre|
|1991||Faculty of Law and Administrative Sciences|
|1992||Faculty of Theology|
|1994||University Printing House|
|1995||Faculty of Physical Education and Sports|
|1996||University TV station|
|1998||University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova|
The main building of the University of Craiova, called wing A, is located in the central region of Craiova. Its construction was finished in 1896, and it was designed as Neoclassical architecture by architect Ion N. Socolescu. It was used for the Palace of Justice of Craiova. After its transference to the university, it had several internal modifications.
The main building is made up of two different U-shaped wings united by a central wing, delimitating the two interior courtyards. The main entrance, the entire exterior, and the interior architecture were designed as classical architecture. In 1972, a new wing was added to the main building, which became the university library. Over the time, the entrances has been relocated, to make easy access to faculties and rooms. Some supplementary spaces have been created through the construction of separating walls.
In 1977, when the main building was reconstructed, some faculties (Agriculture, Mechanical Engineering, and Medicine) were relocated to different buildings.
Since 1998, the classrooms, laboratories, offices have been decorated and modernized. The consolidation of the eastern wing of the main building started in 1996 and was finished in 2002. A cafeteria was built in the basement of the building. In 2002, the Blue Hall and the Central Hall were renovated and modernized.
Currently, 8 of 17 faculties are still located at the main building:
The main building now includes 35 classrooms, 16 seminar halls, 21 laboratories, and a workshop room.
The number of the students enrolled at the University of Craiova rose dramatically since 1947. It accounted for 4.6% of the total number of Romanian students in 2000. It is 336 students per 10,000 inhabitants, which is larger than the average number of 238 students per 10,000 inhabitants in the country.[ clarification needed ]
The University of Craiova started its PhD programs in 1966. Currently, its PhD programs are supervised by 63 professors. The university has awarded honorary doctorates to more than 60 persons from different countries for their contributions to science and education.
|URAP national (2014)||14|
|SIR national (2014)||11|
|Webometrics national (2014)||9|
According to the University Ranking by Academic Performance (URAP), the University of Craiova was ranked as 14th in Romania and 1777th in the world in 2014.The SCImago Institutions Rankings (SIR) ranked the University of Craiova as the 11th best research university among Romanian universities and 1661st worldwide in 2014. According to the SCImago Institutions Rankings (SIR), based on data collected between 2007 and 2011, the University of Craiova ranked 1645 in the world, 103 regionally and number 10 in the country by number of publications. Webometrics ranked the University of Craiova as the 9th university in Romania and 1787th in the world in 2014. It was ranked as the 12th university in Romania by the 4 International Colleges & Universities.
The University of Craiovacomprises fourteen faculties:
Annals of the University of Craiova:
Universitatea Craiova (University of Craiova Football Club)) was created in 1948. The team name was subsequently changed to CSU Craiova (1950), Stiinta Craiova (1950) and finally Universitatea Craiova in 1966.
The University of Craiova participates in the European educational programs and performs cooperation and student exchanges with other institutions abroad. The University works towards extending collaborations and improving the pedagogical experience of both professors and students. It has signed cooperation agreements with the following international universities:
Faculty and alumni of the university include:
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