Watervliet Township, Michigan

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Watervliet Charter Township, Michigan
WatervlietTownshipDanSmithRoad.jpg
Township along Dan Smith Road
Watervliet Charter Township, MI location.png
Location within Berrien County (red) and an administered portion of the Paw Paw Lake community (pink)
USA Michigan location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Watervliet Township
Location within the state of Michigan
Coordinates: 42°12′00″N86°15′24″W / 42.20000°N 86.25667°W / 42.20000; -86.25667 Coordinates: 42°12′00″N86°15′24″W / 42.20000°N 86.25667°W / 42.20000; -86.25667
Country United States
State Michigan
County Berrien
Government
  SupervisorDan Hutchins
Area
  Total14.5 sq mi (37.5 km2)
  Land13.5 sq mi (34.9 km2)
  Water1.0 sq mi (2.6 km2)
Elevation
656 ft (200 m)
Population
(2010)
  Total3,102
  Density230/sq mi (88.9/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
  Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code(s)
49098
Area code(s) 269
FIPS code 26-84520 [1]
GNIS feature ID1627225 [2]
Website Official website

Watervliet Charter Township is a charter township of Berrien County in the U.S. state of Michigan. The population was 3,102 at the 2010 census. [3]

A charter township is a form of local government in the U.S. state of Michigan. Townships in Michigan are organized governments. A charter township has been granted a charter, which allows it certain rights and responsibilities of home rule that are generally intermediate between those of a city and a village. Unless it is a home-rule village, the latter is subject to the authority of any township in which it is located.

Berrien County, Michigan County in the United States

Berrien County is a county on the south line of Michigan, at the southwestern corner of the state. As of the 2010 census, the population was 156,813. The county seat is St. Joseph.

U.S. state constituent political entity of the United States

In the United States, a state is a constituent political entity, of which there are currently 50. Bound together in a political union, each state holds governmental jurisdiction over a separate and defined geographic territory and shares its sovereignty with the federal government. Due to this shared sovereignty, Americans are citizens both of the federal republic and of the state in which they reside. State citizenship and residency are flexible, and no government approval is required to move between states, except for persons restricted by certain types of court orders. Four states use the term commonwealth rather than state in their full official names.

Contents

The township originally included the area of Coloma Charter Township, which was separated in 1917. The city of Watervliet is the only incorporated municipality in the township. The Paw Paw River and Paw Paw Lake are prominent features of the township.

Coloma Charter Township, Michigan Charter township in Michigan, United States

Coloma Charter Township is a charter township of Berrien County in the U.S. state of Michigan. The population was 5,020 at the 2010 census. The city of Coloma lies within the township.

Watervliet, Michigan City in Michigan, United States

Watervliet is a city in northeastern Berrien County in the U.S. state of Michigan. The population was 1,735 at the 2010 census, down from 1,843 at the 2000 census. Mostly a rural farming community, the name comes from the Dutch for "where the waters meet." The city is surrounded by Watervliet Charter Township but is administered autonomously.

Paw Paw River river in Michigan

The Paw Paw River is located in the U.S. state of Michigan in the southwest portion of the lower peninsula. It is formed by the confluence of the north and south branches at 42°15′17″N85°55′36″W in Waverly Township in the northeast of Van Buren County. It flows approximately 61.8 miles (99.5 km) through Van Buren County and Berrien County until joining the St. Joseph River just above its mouth on Lake Michigan at Benton Harbor.

The Watervliet area is host to many "summer homes", which has contributed considerably to the local economy as well as increased development.

Interstate 94 crosses east–west through the south of the township with two interchanges, and M-140 runs north–south through the area.

Interstate 94 (I-94) is a part of the Interstate Highway System that runs from Billings, Montana, to the Lower Peninsula of the US state of Michigan. In Michigan, it is a state trunkline highway that enters the state south of New Buffalo and runs eastward through several metropolitan areas in the southern section of the state. The highway serves Benton Harbor–St. Joseph near Lake Michigan before turning inland toward Kalamazoo and Battle Creek on the west side of the peninsula. Heading farther east, I-94 passes through rural areas in the middle of the southern Lower Peninsula, crossing I-69 in the process. I-94 then runs through Jackson, Ann Arbor, and portions of Metro Detroit, connecting Michigan's largest city to its main airport. Past the east side of Detroit, the Interstate angles northeasterly through farmlands in The Thumb to Port Huron, where the designation terminates on the Blue Water Bridge at the Canadian border.

M-140 (Michigan highway) highway in Michigan, United States

M-140 is a north–south state trunkline highway in Berrien and Van Buren counties of the US state of Michigan. The highway starts in the Niles area at M-139 and runs north through Watervliet to South Haven, ending at Interstate 196/US Highway 31 (I-196/US 31). In between, it runs through farm fields and past lakes in the southwestern part of the Lower Peninsula. The trunkline is used, on average, by between 1,500 and 10,200 vehicles.

Officials

OfficeOfficial
SupervisorDan Hutchins
ClerkPatricia (Patt) Bambrick
TreasurerTom Scheid
TrusteeVick Kinzler
TrusteeJoe Stepich
TrusteeBob Wallace
TrusteeJoe Matthews
Deputy ClerkMarcia VanDrasek
Deputy TreasurerLinda Willer
Building InspectorThomas Baldwin
Mechanical InspectorRod Wilder
Electrical InspectorKen Simpson
Plumbing InspectorPhyllis Centers
Director of Public WorksRobert Lohr
Zoning AdministratorRobert Lohr
AssessorPatricia Armstrong
AttorneyDonald D. Dettman

History

Watervliet Township began as a much larger block of land that included the areas now known as Watervliet Township and Coloma Township. It was a perfect location for industry, with its rolling land of timber and the flowing waters of the Paw Paw River emptying into Lake Michigan at the harbor of St. Joseph. Prior to the formation of Coloma Township in 1917, prosperous sawmills encouraged the formation of the early village of Shingle Diggings, which was followed by the birth of the cities of Coloma and Watervliet.

St. Joseph, Michigan City in Michigan, United States

St. Joseph is a city in the U.S. state of Michigan. It was incorporated as a village in 1834 and as a city in 1891. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 8,365. It lies on the shore of Lake Michigan, at the mouth of the St. Joseph River, about 90 miles (140 km) east-northeast of Chicago. It is the county seat of Berrien County. It is home of the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers.

Sawmill facility where logs are cut into timber

A sawmill or lumber mill is a facility where logs are cut into lumber. Modern saw mills use a motorized saw to cut logs lengthwise to make long pieces, and crosswise to length depending on standard or custom sizes. The "portable" saw mill is iconic and of simple operation—the logs lay flat on a steel bed and the motorized saw cuts the log horizontally along the length of the bed, by the operator manually pushing the saw. The most basic kind of saw mill consists of a chainsaw and a customized jig, with similar horizontal operation.

Coloma, Michigan City in Michigan, United States

Coloma is a city in Berrien County in the U.S. state of Michigan. The population was 1,483 at the 2010 census.

As timber was cleared, and the early village of Waterford (later called Watervliet) was established, farming of the newly cleared land became a lucrative business in Watervliet Township. Hard working, resourceful men turned harvested land into thriving farms. Harvey Sherwood came to the township in 1870 and became known as the "Apple King of Michigan", with one of the largest orchards in the state. His farm was called Lake View, because of its panoramic view of Sherwood Bay on Paw Paw Lake.

After his marriage in 1854, Sebastian Smith settled in Watervliet Township. As an entrepreneur, he encountered and overcame many difficulties, due to his insistent efforts. By 1878 he had established himself as one of the first major international businessmen in the area when he succeeded in shipping carloads of apples to London, England.

London Capital of the United Kingdom

London is the capital and largest city of both England and the United Kingdom. Standing on the River Thames in the south-east of England, at the head of its 50-mile (80 km) estuary leading to the North Sea, London has been a major settlement for two millennia. Londinium was founded by the Romans. The City of London, London's ancient core − an area of just 1.12 square miles (2.9 km2) and colloquially known as the Square Mile − retains boundaries that follow closely its medieval limits. The City of Westminster is also an Inner London borough holding city status. Greater London is governed by the Mayor of London and the London Assembly.

Over the years, Watervliet Township maintained its rural atmosphere, yet wisely encouraged businesses to locate within its borders.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, Watervliet Township has a total area of 14.5 square miles (37.5 km2), of which 13.5 square miles (34.9 km2) is land and 1.0 square mile (2.6 km2), or 6.99%, is water. [3] The largest water body in the township is Paw Paw Lake, shared with Coloma Township. The census-designated place of Paw Paw Lake consists of housing developments that surround the lake and is split evenly between the two townships.

Demographics

As of the census [1] of 2000, there were 3,392 people, 1,348 households, and 939 families residing in the township. The population density was 248.7 per square mile (96.0/km²). There were 1,724 housing units at an average density of 126.4 per square mile (48.8/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 93.66% White, 1.71% African American, 0.88% Native American, 0.32% Asian, 2.27% from other races, and 1.15% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.22% of the population.

There were 1,348 households out of which 30.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.9% were married couples living together, 11.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.3% were non-families. 25.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.93.

In the township the population was spread out with 25.6% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 27.2% from 25 to 44, 24.5% from 45 to 64, and 14.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.8 males.

The median income for a household in the township was $39,152, and the median income for a family was $45,709. Males had a median income of $35,842 versus $22,500 for females. The per capita income for the township was $22,134. About 7.8% of families and 10.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.0% of those under age 18 and 9.6% of those age 65 or over.

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References

  1. 1 2 "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  2. U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Watervliet Township, Michigan
  3. 1 2 "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Watervliet township, Berrien County, Michigan". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved January 9, 2014.