Three Oaks, Michigan

Last updated
Three Oaks, Michigan
ThreeOaksMichigan.jpg
Looking north along N. Elm Street
Three Oaks (village), MI location.png
Location within Berrien County
USA Michigan location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Three Oaks
Location within the state of Michigan
Coordinates: 41°48′1″N86°36′35″W / 41.80028°N 86.60972°W / 41.80028; -86.60972 Coordinates: 41°48′1″N86°36′35″W / 41.80028°N 86.60972°W / 41.80028; -86.60972
Country United States
State Michigan
County Berrien
Township Three Oaks
Government
  Type Village council
  PresidentDave Grosse
Area
[1]
  Total1.03 sq mi (2.66 km2)
  Land1.03 sq mi (2.66 km2)
  Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
692 ft (211 m)
Population
 (2010) [2]
  Total1,622
  Estimate 
(2019) [3]
1,545
  Density1,502.92/sq mi (580.29/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
  Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code(s)
49128
Area code(s) 269
FIPS code 26-79720 [4]
GNIS feature ID1614822 [5]
Website Official website

Three Oaks is a village in Three Oaks Township, Berrien County in the U.S. state of Michigan. The population was 1,622 at the 2010 census.

Contents

The village of Three Oaks is located in the southwest corner of Michigan, just 5 miles from the shores of Lake Michigan and within 2 miles of the Indiana border along US 12.

History

The village was first settled by Henry Chamberlain in 1850 [6] and became a village in 1867. The village was originally called Chamberlain's Siding but was changed to Three Oaks. These oak trees were a guidepoint for train engineers. [7] None of the original three oak trees remain today; the last was cut down nearly 100 years ago.[ when? ]

Three Oaks' hometown pride is evident during its Flag Day Celebration in June. The celebration and Flag Day Parade is the largest in the country.

"Apple Cider Century" is a bicycle ride of 15, 25, 37, 50, 62, 75 or 100 miles around Three Oaks. It was started by the Three Oaks Spokes Bicycle Club in 1974. More than 6,000 riders take part annually. It is held on the last Sunday of September. [8] [9] [10]

Three Oaks celebrated the centennial of receiving the Dewey Cannon at the village's Flag Day Festival (June 9–11, 2000). A historical marker at Dewey Cannon Park in Three Oaks relates: "This cannon, captured in the Spanish–American War by Admiral Dewey, was presented to Three Oaks when its citizens raised fourteen hundred dollars for a memorial to the men of the battleship Maine . This was the largest contribution, per capita, of any community in the nation. 'Three Oaks Against the World', a local paper proudly boasted. This park was dedicated October 17, 1899, by President William McKinley, and others. Presentation of the cannon took place on June 28, 1900. Guest of honor was Helen Miller Gould, called the Spanish–American War's 'Florence Nightingale'. Thousands of people were in attendance on each occasion." [11] The Dewey Cannon, which remains on display in the park of the same name, bears the engraved monogram of Queen Isabella II of Spain.

The Christmas movie Prancer , released in 1989, was filmed on location largely in the village of Three Oaks [12] (other locations in nearby LaPorte, Indiana, were also used). A sequel, Prancer Returns, was made in 2001 (filming location Uxbridge, Ontario), in which a boy comes to Three Oaks to learn about the "Prancer incident". [7]

Three Oaks is also home to the Warren Featherbone Factory, which was built over a century ago by Edward Kirk Warren to strip turkey feathers of their quills to use in women's garments of the era, such as corsets, which used "stiffeners". This replacement for the "whalebone" material was welcomed by the garment industry of the late 19th century. [7] The factory still stands today and houses the Journeyman Distillery, Acorn Theater, and Featherbone Factory.

A financial crisis occurred in 2008, after the village proceeded with a $350,000 five block street project. This and other expenses over the previous four years left Three Oaks a deficit of about $600,000 (about a one-year budget) by April 2008. [12] The Village President, the Clerk, and a councilman resigned while two councilmen did not seek re-election. [13] On November 4, 2008, a new slate of village councilors were voted into office. The village faced bankruptcy in early December 2008 due to fiscal mismanagement and the State of Michigan took over financial management of the village with the appointment of a financial manager. [12] The state of Michigan appointed Emergency Financial Manager Pam Amato effective December 17, 2008 to take over village operations and guide the newly elected Council through development of a five-year deficit elimination plan. [14] On April 29, 2009, the EFM laid off every officer except the chief of police. The laid off officers were brought back around 2 weeks later. The village was given a recommendation to disband its Downtown Development Authority, after an audit showed receipt of excess funds that should have gone to the school district. [13] Amato ended work as the emergency manager on December 4, 2009. [14] On February 10, 2010, the Village of Three Oaks hired Patrick Yoder to serve as the first Village Manager. [15]

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 0.99 square miles (2.56 km2), all land. [16]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1870 499
1880 474−5.0%
1890 88586.7%
1900 99412.3%
1910 1,17518.2%
1920 1,36215.9%
1930 1,336−1.9%
1940 1,3511.1%
1950 1,57216.4%
1960 1,76312.2%
1970 1,750−0.7%
1980 1,7741.4%
1990 1,7860.7%
2000 1,8292.4%
2010 1,622−11.3%
2019 (est.)1,545 [3] −4.7%
U.S. Decennial Census [17]

2010 census

As of the census [2] of 2010, there were 1,622 people, 678 households, and 422 families living in the village. The population density was 1,638.4 inhabitants per square mile (632.6/km2). There were 797 housing units at an average density of 805.1 per square mile (310.9/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 93.2% White, 1.1% African American, 1.4% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.7% from other races, and 1.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.4% of the population.

There were 678 households, of which 31.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.5% were married couples living together, 14.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 37.8% were non-families. 31.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 3.01.

The median age in the village was 39.3 years. 24.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25.6% were from 25 to 44; 28.5% were from 45 to 64; and 13.4% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the village was 48.6% male and 51.4% female.

2000 census

As of the census [4] of 2000, there were 1,829 people, 741 households, and 486 families living in the village. The population density was 1,861.4 per square mile (720.6/km2). There were 800 housing units at an average density of 814.2 per square mile (315.2/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 96.34% White, 0.93% African American, 0.77% Native American, 0.11% Asian, 0.66% from other races, and 1.20% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.86% of the population.

There were 741 households, out of which 34.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.8% were married couples living together, 13.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.3% were non-families. 29.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.05.

In the village, the population was spread out, with 27.4% under the age of 18, 9.2% from 18 to 24, 29.4% from 25 to 44, 21.9% from 45 to 64, and 12.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.5 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $34,120, and the median income for a family was $41,146. Males had a median income of $31,923 versus $20,875 for females. The per capita income for the village was $16,361. About 8.5% of families and 11.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.3% of those under age 18 and 7.7% of those age 65 or over.

Media

Three Oaks was the fictional setting of the soap opera, Young Doctor Malone , on radio and television from 1939 to 1960. Three Oaks was the setting of the 1989 film "Prancer" and town scenes and exteriors were shot there. [18]

Related Research Articles

Douglas, Michigan City in Michigan, United States

Douglas is a city in Allegan County in the U.S. state of Michigan. The population was 1,232 at the 2010 census. The city is surrounded by Saugatuck Township and the city of Saugatuck is adjacent on the north.

Michiana, Michigan Village in Michigan, United States

Michiana is a village in New Buffalo Township, Berrien County in the extreme southwest corner of the U.S. state of Michigan. The population was 182 at the 2010 census.

New Buffalo Township, Michigan Civil township in Michigan, United States

New Buffalo Township is a civil township of Berrien County in the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2010 census, the township population was 2,386. It is the southwesternmost township on the Lower Peninsula of Michigan.

Three Oaks Township, Michigan Civil township in Michigan, United States

Three Oaks Township is a civil township of Berrien County in the U.S. state of Michigan on the border with the state of Indiana. The population was 2,574 at the 2010 census.

Harbor Springs, Michigan City in Michigan, United States

Harbor Springs is a city and resort community in Emmet County in the U.S. state of Michigan. The population was 1,194 at the 2010 census.

Harbor Beach, Michigan City in Michigan, United States

Harbor Beach is a city in Huron County in the U.S. state of Michigan. The population was 1,703 at the 2010 census.

Green Oak Township, Michigan Charter township in Michigan, United States

Green Oak Charter Township is a charter township of Livingston County in the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2010 census, the township population was 17,476. In September 2005, the township board voted to incorporate as a charter township, becoming the second charter township in Livingston County.

Shelby Charter Township, Michigan Charter township in Michigan, United States

Shelby Charter Township, officially the Charter Township of Shelby, is a charter township and census-designated place located in Macomb County in the U.S. state of Michigan. The township, a northern suburb of Detroit, is located roughly 15 miles north of the city. The 2010 Census places the population at 73,804. Shelby Charter Township is one of the fastest growing communities in Metro Detroit.

Franklin, Michigan Village in Michigan, United States

Franklin is a village in Southfield Township, Oakland County in the U.S. state of Michigan. The population was 3,150 at the 2010 census. The community is known for large, estate-style homes. The downtown was designated as an historic district, the first in Michigan, and listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1969. A nearby cider mill is among many significant properties.

Keego Harbor, Michigan City in Michigan, United States

Keego Harbor is a city in Oakland County in the U.S. state of Michigan. The population was 2,970 at the 2010 census. With a land area of 0.50 square miles (1.29 km2), Keego Harbor is the third-smallest city by land area in the state of Michigan after the cities of Petersburg and Clarkston.

Ontonagon, Michigan Village in Michigan, United States

Ontonagon is a village in the U.S. state of Michigan. The population was 1,494 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Ontonagon County.

Forestville, Michigan Village in Michigan, United States

Forestville is a village in Sanilac County in the U.S. state of Michigan. The population was 136 at the 2010 census. It does not have a true harbor onto Lake Huron, but the village does have a boat launch site. Forestville receives city water from nearby Harbor Beach. The village is within Delaware Township.

Lexington, Michigan Village in Michigan, United States

Lexington is a village in Sanilac County in the U.S. state of Michigan. The population was 1,178 at the 2010 census. The village is located within Lexington Township.

Burr Oak, Michigan Village in Michigan, United States

Burr Oak is a village in St. Joseph County in the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2010 census, the village population was 828. The village is located within Burr Oak Township.

Twin Oaks, Missouri Village in Missouri, United States

Twin Oaks is a 4th class city in St. Louis County, Missouri, United States. The former Village of Twin Oaks changed its status to that of a city by public election in November 2016. The population was 392 at the 2010 census.

Port Sanilac, Michigan Village in Michigan, United States

Port Sanilac is a village in Sanilac Township, Sanilac County in the U.S. state of Michigan. The population was 623 at the 2010 census.

Oak Harbor, Washington City in Washington, United States

Oak Harbor is a city located on Whidbey Island in Island County, Washington, United States. The population was 22,075 at the 2010 census. Oak Harbor was incorporated on May 14, 1915.

Norton, Ohio City in Ohio, United States

Norton is a city in the U.S. state of Ohio. The population was 12,085 at the 2010 census and 11,996 at the 2019 estimate. All but a small portion of the city is in Summit County and is part of the Akron metropolitan area; a 4.4-acre (1.8 ha) part extends into Wayne County and the Wooster Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Cassville, Wisconsin Village in Wisconsin, United States

Cassville is a village in Grant County, Wisconsin, United States. The population was 947 at the 2010 census. The village is located along the Mississippi River within the Town of Cassville.

Cross Village, Michigan Census-designated place & unincorporated community in Michigan, United States

Cross Village is an unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) in Emmet County in the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2010 census, the CDP had a population of 93. It is located within Cross Village Township on the shores of Lake Michigan.

References

  1. "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 25, 2020.
  2. 1 2 "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2012-11-25.
  3. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  4. 1 2 "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  6. Coolidge, Orville W. (1906). A Twentieth Century History of Berrien County, Michigan, p. 269. The Lewis Publishing Company.
  7. 1 2 3 Mueller, Robert & Mueller, RoseAnna (2003). Harbor Country, pp. 71–72. Arcadia Publishing.
  8. Apple Cider Century
  9. Apple Cider Century Bike Tour at Harbour Country
  10. Take the Apple Cider Century route at Leader Publications on September 16, 2011
  11. Ashlee, Laura Rose (2005). Traveling Through Time: A Guide to Michigan's Historical Markers, pp. 48–49. University of Michigan Press.
  12. 1 2 3 Jones, Tim (December 14, 2008). "Three Oaks goes broke: Michigan resort town's finances implode". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved September 19, 2014.
  13. 1 2 Sheridan, Kate (May 7, 2009). "Three Oaks police force down to one, DDA disbanded". Harbor Country News. Retrieved September 19, 2014.
  14. 1 2 "Pam Amato's time in Three Oaks ends well". Harbor County News. December 10, 2009. Retrieved September 19, 2014.
  15. Gooch, John Gunner (February 11, 2010). "Yoder named Three Oaks village manager". Harbor County News. Retrieved September 19, 2014.
  16. "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-07-02. Retrieved 2012-11-25.
  17. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  18. https://www.imdb.com/title/tt0098115/locations?ref_=tt_dt_dt.Missing or empty |title= (help)