Uxbridge, Ontario

Last updated

Uxbridge
Township of Uxbridge
Uxbridge downtown.jpg
Brock Street in Downtown Uxbridge
Coat of Arms of The Corporation of the Township of Uxbridge.svg
Durham locator map 2021.svg
Red pog.svg
Uxbridge
Canada Southern Ontario location map 2.png
Red pog.svg
Uxbridge
Coordinates: 44°07′N79°08′W / 44.117°N 79.133°W / 44.117; -79.133 Coordinates: 44°07′N79°08′W / 44.117°N 79.133°W / 44.117; -79.133
CountryFlag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada
Province Flag of Ontario.svg  Ontario
Region Durham Region
Established1850
Government
  MayorDave Barton [1]
  Regional CouncillorGord Highet [1]
  Councillors
List
  Governing bodyUxbridge Township Council
Area
[2]
  Land420.52 km2 (162.36 sq mi)
Elevation
273 m (896 ft)
Population
 (2021) [2]
  Total21,556
  Density51.3/km2 (133/sq mi)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern (EST))
  Summer (DST) UTC−4 (Eastern (EDT))
Forward sortation area
L9P
Website www.uxbridge.ca
Uxbridge within Durham Region Uxbridge within Durham Region.svg
Uxbridge within Durham Region

Uxbridge is a township in the Regional Municipality of Durham in south-central Ontario, Canada. [3]

Contents

Communities

The main centre in the township is the namesake community of Uxbridge. Other settlements within the township include Altona, Coppin's Corners, Forsythe Glenn, Glasgow, Glen Major, Goodwood, Leaskdale, Quaker Village, Roseville, Sandford, Siloam, Udora, and Zephyr. [4]

History

It was named for Uxbridge, England, a name which was derived from "Wixan's Bridge". [5]

The first settlers in the area were Quakers who started arriving in 1806 from the Catawissa area of Pennsylvania. The community's oldest building, the Uxbridge Friends Meeting House, was built in 1820 and overlooks the town from Quaker Hill, a kilometre to the west.

The township was incorporated as a municipality in 1850 and became part of the newly formed Ontario County two years later.

The first passenger-carrying narrow-gauge railway in North America, the Toronto and Nipissing Railway arrived in Uxbridge in June 1871, and for over a decade Uxbridge was the headquarters of the railway. In 1872, the Village of Uxbridge was separated from the Township and incorporated as a separate entity.

With the creation of the Regional Municipality of Durham in 1974, Uxbridge Township was amalgamated with the Town of Uxbridge and Scott Township to create an expanded Township of Uxbridge.

Uxbridge today

Today, Uxbridge is as a mostly suburban community in northern Durham Region. Major manufacturing employers include Pine Valley Packaging (packaging, containers and portable shelters), Koch-Glitsch Canada (mass transfer systems) and Hela Canada (spice and ingredient manufacture). Uxbridge area is also home to many small industrial businesses, cultivation farms and beekeeping organizations. [6] Many residents commute to other centres in Durham and York Regions and beyond.

The 30-bed Uxbridge Cottage Hospital opened in 1958 is a site associated with the Markham Stouffville Hospital Corporation.

Uxbridge is twinned with Catawissa, Pennsylvania, in the United States, from which many of its settlers originated.

Uxbridge has three community newspapers: the Uxbridge Times Journal, the Standard and the Cosmos. Uxbridge is also served by a monthly community magazine and events guide, Uxbridge Town Talk.

Coat of Arms

Coat of arms of Uxbridge, Ontario
Coat of Arms of The Corporation of the Township of Uxbridge.svg
Notes
Granted 15 February 2001
Crest
Out of a mural crown Or, a demi lion Gules holding in the paws a cogwheel proper;
Escutcheon
Or issuant from two flaunches Vert, each charged with a garb of rye Or, a fess enarched raguly counter raguly Vert charged with a maple leaf Or, in chief an ox's head caboshed Gules armed Or and in base barry wavy Azure and Argent;
Motto
'On't Uxbridge'

The motto is an abbreviation of “On to it Uxbridge,” meaning “Let’s go Uxbridge.” It refers to Ontario through the abbreviation “Ont.,” while being a rallying call for the township and its residents to move forward into the future with confidence. [7]

Demographics

Historical populations
YearPop.±%
199114,092    
1996 15,882+12.7%
2001 17,377+9.4%
2006 19,169+10.3%
2011 20,623+7.6%
2016 21,176+2.7%
2021 21,556+1.8%
[8]     

In the 2021 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, Uxbridge had a population of 21,556 living in 8,008 of its 8,310 total private dwellings, a change of

Racial makeup
Canada 2006 CensusPopulation % of Total Population
Visible minority group
Source: [10]
South Asian 1100.6
Chinese 1140.6
Black 750.4
Filipino 200.1
Latin American 350.2
Southeast Asian 00
Arab 200.1
West Asian 00
Korean 00
Japanese 300.2
Mixed visible minority200.1
Other visible minority200.1
Total visible minority population4452.3
Aboriginal group
Source: [11]
First Nations 1100.6
Métis 100.1
Inuit 00
Total Aboriginal population1200.6
White 18,51097
Total population19,075100

English is the mother tongue of 91.7% of the population, whereas French, the other official language, of 1.0%. German is the mother tongue of 1.4% of the residents of Uxbridge, while native speakers of Italian make up 1.0% of the population. [12]

Attractions

Thomas Foster Memorial Thomas Foster Memorial.jpg
Thomas Foster Memorial

In 2009 Uxbridge Township received federal designation by Industry Canada as the "Trail Capital of Canada", resulting from the over 220 kilometers of managed trails on over 8,000 acres (32 km2) of protected greenspace within its borders. Uxbridge trails run through and alongside historic villages, mixed forests, meadows, ponds, streams, and wetlands. A number of major trail systems run through the Township, including the Oak Ridges Trail and the Trans-Canada Trail.

The Uxbridge Historical Centre (formerly Uxbridge-Scott Museum and Archives) possesses a number of artifacts, mostly related to the township's agricultural heritage and of the town's Quaker heritage. The museum also includes ten heritage buildings as well as heritage herb and flower gardens. It offers seasonal events, workshops, and specialty programs. It was formed in 1972 by the Uxbridge-Scott Historical Society, who holds an annual Heritage Day festival to supports the museum. [13]

There are also a number of attractions related to the history of the area. Uxbridge's Elgin Park, named after Lord Elgin, was the site of a picnic held by 19th century Prime Minister John A. Macdonald in a re-election bid. In addition, the Thomas Foster Memorial Temple, erected in 1935-36 by the former mayor of Toronto, is situated a short distance north of town. Inspired by Foster's visit to India, the Temple was designed by architects J.H. Craig (1889–1954) and H.H. Madrill (1889–1998). Finally, the former home of famed author Lucy Maud Montgomery of Anne of Green Gables fame is situated in Leaskdale. Montgomery lived in the area from 1911 to 1926, and wrote half of her books at what is now the site of the Leaskdale Manse Museum.

Since 1995, the Lions Club has hosted Art in the Park, held the second week in August. Also known as Summerfest, this juried art show attracts artists from across the province.

Ski Resorts

Skiing in Uxbridge area began in 1938 by the Toronto Ski Club when it rented 400 acres of the Pugh family farm until 1948 and then operated by the Pughs' until it was abandoned. [14]

Today there are three ski resorts, all located within a short distance of one another:

Uxbridge Fall Fair

The Uxbridge Fall Fair has been held annually since 1886. Attractions include home craft, vegetable and flower exhibits, cattle, goat, sheep, poultry and rabbit shows, the midway, tractor pull, demolition derby, heavy horse pull and barnyard rodeo. [15]

Other attractions

The Uxbridge Studio Tour and Sale is also held in September, giving visitors an opportunity to meet with local artists in their studios and explore the creative process.

Since 1988, Uxbridge has hosted an annual Heritage Christmas Craft Show, held the second Saturday in November. A Santa Claus Parade is also held annually in late November.

Since 2008 there has been an annual Uxbridge Ribfest, usually during a middle weekend of July. It was run by the town branch of the Royal Canadian Legion (Branch 170) [16] But since 2015, has been organized by the Bonner Boys, a local community group.

The York Durham Heritage Railway, opened in 1996, is a tourist train operating between Stouffville and Uxbridge. The train is pulled by first generation diesel locomotives which directly replaced the steam locomotives. They have recently purchase 5 Budd RDC railcars from the now defunct Guelph Junction Express.

Throughout the year, a number of theatrical and musical productions are held at the Music Hall. Movies are shown at a local unique movie theatre, named The Roxy. [17]

The Highlands of Durham Games are held in Elgin Park near the end of July. These games focus on Celtic traditions and offer a variety of entertainments.

Once a Year the Uxbridge Optimists host the Fantasy of Lights. This is a drive-through light show through Elgin Park in which you see a variety of different displays and takes about 20 minutes to drive through. This event takes place once a year from December 4 to January 2. [18]

Transport

Uxbridge station is the northern terminus of the York Durham Heritage Railway, which runs from Stouffville. The Stouffville line of GO Transit is proposed to be extended to Uxbridge (As part of MoveOntario 2020 plan), but is currently served by buses to the GO Transit station at Lincolnville. The expansion is currently unfunded, and could cost as much as $350 million. [19] Durham Region Transit also runs buses through Uxbridge every hour from Route 950 (Uxbridge/Port Perry/Ontario Tech.) and limited service via community bus route (Uxbridge East Uxbridge West).

Local government

Uxbridge, Ontario
Interactive map of Uxbridge electoral wards

The Township of Uxbridge has five wards, each represented by an elected council member. As of 2022, the mayor is Dave Barton and the Regional Councillor is Gord Highet. [20]

Education

Public elementary schools

Separate elementary schools

Independent schools

High schools

Colleges

Historical figures

Notable people

In film

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Pickering, Ontario</span> City in Ontario, Canada

Pickering is a city located in Southern Ontario, Canada, immediately east of Toronto in Durham Region.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Regional Municipality of York</span> Regional municipality in Ontario, Canada

The Regional Municipality of York, also called York Region, is a regional municipality in Southern Ontario, Canada, between Lake Simcoe and Toronto. The region was established after the passing of then Bill 102, An Act to Establish The Regional Municipality of York, in 1970. It replaced the former York County in 1971, and is part of the Greater Toronto Area and the inner ring of the Golden Horseshoe. The regional government is headquartered in Newmarket.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Regional Municipality of Durham</span> Regional municipality in Ontario, Canada

The Regional Municipality of Durham, informally referred to as Durham Region, is a regional municipality in Southern Ontario, Canada. Located east of Toronto and the Regional Municipality of York, Durham forms the east-end of the Greater Toronto Area and part of the Golden Horseshoe region. It has an area of approximately 2,500 km2 (970 sq mi). The regional government is headquartered in Whitby.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Whitchurch-Stouffville</span> Town in Ontario, Canada

Whitchurch-Stouffville is a town in the Greater Toronto Area of Ontario, Canada, approximately 50 km (31 mi) north of downtown Toronto, and 55 km (34 mi) north-east of Toronto Pearson International Airport. It is 206.22 km2 (79.62 sq mi) in area, and located in the mid-eastern area of the Regional Municipality of York on the ecologically-sensitive Oak Ridges Moraine. Its motto since 1993 is "country close to the city".

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Scugog</span> Township in Ontario, Canada

Scugog is a township in the Regional Municipality of Durham, south-central Ontario, Canada. It is northeast of Toronto and just north of Oshawa. The anchor and largest population base of the township is Port Perry. The township has a population of roughly 22,500. A smaller Scugog Township was also a historic municipality and geographic township prior to the amalgamation that formed the current municipality.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Mono, Ontario</span> Town in Ontario, Canada

The Town of Mono is situated in south-central Ontario, Canada, at the south-east corner of Dufferin County. It stretches from Highway 9 along its southern border to Highway 89 along its northern border. Its border to the west is with the Township of Amaranth and in the east, it is bordered by the Township of Adjala-Tosorontio. It was previously known as the Township of Mono.

Stouffville is the primary urban area within the town of Whitchurch-Stouffville in York Region, Ontario, Canada. It is situated within the Greater Toronto Area and the inner ring of the Golden Horseshoe. The urban area is centred at the intersection of Main Street, Mill Street, and Market Street. Between 2006 and 2011, the population of the Community of Stouffville grew 100.5% from 12,411 to 24,886, or from 51% to 66% of the total population of the larger town of Whitchurch-Stouffville.

Ontario County was the name of two historic counties in the Canadian province of Ontario.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Stouffville GO Station</span> Railway station in Ontario, Canada

Stouffville GO Station is a railway station in the GO Transit network located in Stouffville, Ontario, Canada. It was the northern terminus of the Stouffville line train service until the line was extended to Lincolnville on September 2, 2008. Buses serve the station from stops on the street due to space limitations.

The Durham District School Board (DDSB) is a public school board in the province of Ontario, Canada. The board serves most of the Regional Municipality of Durham, except for schools within the Municipality of Clarington, which instead belong to the Kawartha Pine Ridge District School Board. The Durham District School Board Education Centre head office is based in Whitby.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">York–Durham Heritage Railway</span>

The York–Durham Heritage Railway is a heritage railway in both the York Region and the Durham Region of Ontario, Canada, north of Toronto.

Scott, Ontario is a geographic township and former municipality located in what was Ontario County, Ontario, Canada. It is now part of the Township of Uxbridge.

Lakeridge Health Port Perry is a hospital located in Port Perry, Ontario, Canada. The hospital serves the townships of Scugog, Brock and Uxbridge in Durham Region.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Uxbridge Cottage Hospital</span> Hospital in Ontario, Canada

Uxbridge Cottage Hospital is a cottage hospital in Uxbridge, Ontario.

King's Highway 47, commonly referred to as Highway 47 and locally as Stouffville Road, Toronto Street and Brock Street, was a provincially maintained highway in the Canadian province of Ontario. The mostly rural route travelled through the towns of Whitchurch-Stouffville, Goodwood, and Uxbridge on its east–west path between Highway 48 and Highway 12. The route was established in 1937, existing until it was transferred to the Regional Municipality of Durham and the Regional Municipality of York at the beginning of 1998.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Toronto and Nipissing Railway</span> First public narrow-gauge railway in North America

The Toronto and Nipissing Railway (T&N) was the first public narrow-gauge railway in North America. It chartered in 1868 to build from Toronto to Lake Nipissing in Ontario, Canada, via York, Ontario, and Victoria counties. At Nipissing it would meet the transcontinental lines of the Canadian Pacific, providing a valuable link to Toronto. It opened in 1871, with service between Scarborough and Uxbridge. By December 1872 it was extended to Coboconk, but financial difficulties led to plans of the line being built further abandoned at this point. The railway merged with the Midland Railway of Canada in 1882.

Mongolia is an historical community in Markham, Ontario centred on 10th Line and Elgin Mills Rd. East, immediately south of the Town of Whitchurch-Stouffville. The hamlet lies completely within the expropriated federal Pickering Airport lands and also within the proposed boundaries of a future national Rouge Park.

Bloomington is a hamlet in York Region, Ontario, Canada, in the town of Whitchurch-Stouffville. The hamlet is centred at the intersection of Ninth Line and Bloomington Road near the eastern boundary of the town of Whitchurch–Stouffville. Neighbouring communities within Whitchurch–Stouffville include Musselman Lake to the north, Lemonville to the west, and the community of urban Stouffville to the south. The hamlet of Goodwood in the town of Uxbridge lies to the east.

Lakeridge Health is a health system and hospital network serving Durham Region, Ontario in the eastern part of the Greater Toronto Area. It operates four acute hospitals with emergency departments, one specialty hospital with a regional mandate and a variety of offsite locations. Lakeridge Health is part of the Central East Local Health Integration Network.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Uxbridge railway station (Ontario)</span> Railway station in Ontario, Canada

Uxbridge railway station in Uxbridge, Ontario, now serves as a railway museum and a station of the York–Durham Heritage Railway. The station building, constructed by the Grand Trunk Railway in 1904, is owned and maintained by the Township of Uxbridge and has been designated under Part IV of the Ontario Heritage Act.

References

  1. 1 2 "Official Declaration of Election Results" (PDF). Township of Uxbridge. Retrieved December 18, 2018.
  2. 1 2 "Data Table: Uxbridge Township". Statistics Canada. Retrieved March 16, 2021.
  3. Burrs and Blackberries from Goodwood Archived June 14, 2011, at the Wayback Machine (Goodwood, ON: 1980)
  4. "Uxbridge". Statistics Canada. November 2, 2016.
  5. Uxbridge, English Place-Name Society database at Nottingham University
  6. "Uxbridge Hills". Uxbridge Hills Honey.
  7. "The Corporation of the Township of Uxbridge". Canadian Heraldic Authority. Retrieved January 9, 2023.
  8. Statistics Canada 2006 Census - Uxbridge community profile
  9. "Population and dwelling counts: Canada, provinces and territories, census divisions and census subdivisions (municipalities), Ontario". Statistics Canada. February 9, 2022. Retrieved April 2, 2022.
  10. http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2006/dp-pd/prof/92-591/details/page.cfm?Lang=E&Geo1=CSD&Code1=3518029&Geo2=PR&Code2=35&Data=Count&SearchText=Uxbridge&SearchType=Begins&SearchPR=01&B1=All&Custom= , Community Profiles from the 2006 Census, Statistics Canada - Census Subdivision
  11. http://www12.statcan.ca/census-recensement/2006/dp-pd/hlt/97-558/pages/page.cfm?Lang=E&Geo=CSD&Code=35&Table=1&Data=Count&Sex=1&Age=1&StartRec=476&Sort=2&Display=Page&CSDFilter=5000 , Aboriginal Peoples - Data table
  12. "Census Profile for the Census Subvision of Uxbridge (Township), Ontario". February 8, 2012. Retrieved October 26, 2012.
  13. "48th Annual Heritage Day". Uxbridge Historical Centre. Archived from the original on July 17, 2011. Retrieved June 14, 2011.
  14. 1 2 "About Us". Lakeridge Ski Resort. Retrieved September 25, 2020.
  15. "Uxbridge Fall Fair" . Retrieved February 23, 2021.
  16. "The Uxbridge Fall Fair" . Retrieved March 7, 2011.
  17. "Roxy Theatres" . Retrieved March 7, 2011.
  18. "Fantasy of Lights | Optimist Club of Uxbridge".
  19. Foran, Tim (July 27, 2001). "Going from Uxbridge to Toronto" . Retrieved August 5, 2012.
  20. "Council". Township of Uxbridge. Retrieved July 29, 2022.
  21. Brent Scollie, Frederick (2017). "Biography – BLACK, MARY JOHANNA LOUISA". Dictionary of Canadian Biography: Volume XVI (1931-1940). Retrieved May 25, 2020.
  22. "Roberts, Gary". Whitby Sports Hall of Fame. Retrieved October 16, 2018.
  23. Ed Conroy (April 3, 2016). "Hammy Hamster, Toronto's most famous rodent export". The Toronto Star . Retrieved October 16, 2018.
  24. Uxbridge times journal Cosmos Swim Canada magazine
  25. UPROXX (January 12, 2015). "Plus, how Kim Basinger's folly inspired the premise of the series". UPROXX. Retrieved February 16, 2015.