Last updated
City of Brampton
Brampton Dominion Building.jpg
The Brampton Dominion building
Flag of Brampton.svg
Brampton Logo.svg
Flower City (previously Flower Town) [1]
Canada Southern Ontario location map 2.png
Red pog.svg
Peel locator map 2021.svg
Red pog.svg
Coordinates: 43°41′18″N79°45′39″W / 43.68833°N 79.76083°W / 43.68833; -79.76083 [2] Coordinates: 43°41′18″N79°45′39″W / 43.68833°N 79.76083°W / 43.68833; -79.76083 [3]
Province Ontario
Region Peel Region
Incorporation 1853 (village)
 1873 (town)
 1974 (city)
   Mayor Patrick Brown
  Governing Body Brampton City Council
(click for members)
List of MPs
  Land265.89 km2 (102.66 sq mi)
218 m (715 ft)
 (2021) [4]
  Total656,480 (9th)
  Density2,469/km2 (6,390/sq mi)
Demonym Bramptonian
Time zone UTC−5 (EST)
  Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Forward sortation area
Area code(s) 905, 289, 365, and 742

Brampton ( /ˈbræmptən/ or /ˈbræmtən/ ) is a city in the Canadian province of Ontario. Brampton is a city in the Greater Toronto Area (GTA) and is a lower-tier municipality within Peel Region. The city has a population of 656,480 as of the 2021 Census, making it the ninth most populous municipality in Canada and the third most populous city in the Greater Golden Horseshoe urban area, behind Toronto and Mississauga.


Indigenous peoples have inhabited the Brampton area for thousands of years. [5] Named after the town of Brampton in Cumberland, England, Brampton was incorporated as a village in 1853 and as a town in 1873, and became a city in 1974. [5]

The city was once known as "The Flower Town of Canada", a title referring to its large greenhouse industry. Nowadays, Brampton's major economic sectors include advanced manufacturing, retail administration, logistics, information and communication technologies, food and beverage, life sciences, and business services.


John Haggert, Brampton's first mayor John Haggert.gif
John Haggert, Brampton's first mayor

Before the arrival of British settlers, the Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation held 648,000 acres (262,000 ha) of land north of the head of the Lake Purchase lands and extending to the unceded territory of the Chippewa of Lakes Huron and Simcoe. [6] European settlers began to arrive in the area in the 1600s. In October 1818, the chief of the Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation signed Treaty 19, also known as the Ajetance Purchase, [7] surrendering the area to the British Crown. [5] [6] [8] [9]

Prior to the 1830s, most business in Chinguacousy Township took place at Martin Salisbury's tavern. One mile from the corner of Hurontario Street and the 5th Sideroad (now Main and Queen Streets in the centre of Brampton), William Buffy's tavern was the only significant building. At the time, the intersection was referred to as "Buffy's Corners". By 1834, John Elliott laid out the area in lots for sale, calling it "Brampton", which was soon adopted by others. [10]

In 1853, a small agricultural fair was set up by the newly initiated County Agricultural Society of the County of Peel and was held at the corner of Main and Queen streets. Grains, produce, roots, and dairy products were up for sale. Horses and cattle, along with other lesser livestock, were also sold at the market. This agricultural fair eventually became the modern Brampton Fall Fair.

In that same year Brampton was incorporated as a village. [10] In 1866, the town became the county seat and the location of the Peel County Courthouse which was built in 1865–66; a three-storey County jail was added at the rear in 1867.

Edward Dale, an immigrant from Dorking, England, established a flower nursery in Brampton [11] shortly after his arrival in 1863. [12] Dale's Nursery became the town's largest [11] and most prominent employer, developed a flower grading system, [12] and established a global export market for its products. [11] The company chimney was a town landmark, [12] until Brampton Town Council allowed it to be torn down in 1977. [12] At its height, the company had 140 greenhouses, [13] and was the largest cut flower business in North America, [14] producing 20 million blooms and introducing numerous rose and orchid varietals and species to the market. [14] It also spurred the development of other nurseries in the town. Forty-eight hothouse flower nurseries once did business in the town. [12] [14]

The Alderlea mansion, built c. 1867-1870 for businessman Kenneth Chisholm Alder Lee, Gage Park, Brampton.jpg
The Alderlea mansion, built c. 1867–1870 for businessman Kenneth Chisholm

In January 1867, Peel County separated from the County of York, a union which had existed since 1851. [15] By 1869, Brampton had a population of 1,800. [16] It was incorporated as a town in 1873. [10]

A federal grant had enabled the village to found its first public library in 1887, which included 360 volumes from the Mechanic's Institute (established in 1858). In 1907, the library received a grant from the Carnegie Foundation, set up by United States steel magnate and philanthropist Andrew Carnegie, to build a new, expanded library; it serves several purposes, featuring the Brampton Library. The Carnegie libraries were built on the basis of communities coming up with matching funds and guaranteeing maintenance.

In 1902, Sir William J. Gage (owner of Gage Publishing, a publishing house specializing in school textbooks) purchased a 3.25-acre (1.32 ha) portion of the gardens and lawns of the Alder Lea estate (now called Alderlea) that had been built on Main Street by Kenneth Chisolm in 1867 to 1870. (Chisholm, a merchant and founding father of Brampton, had been the Town reeve, then warden of Peel County, then MPP for Brampton and eventually, Registrar of Peel County.) [17] Gage donated 1.7 acres (0.69 ha) of the property to the town, with a specific condition that it be made into a park. Citizens donated $1,054 and the town used the funds to purchase extra land to ensure a larger park. [18] [19]

A group of regional farmers in Brampton had trouble getting insurance from city-based companies. After several meetings in Clairville Hall, they decided to found the County of Peel Farmers Mutual Fire Insurance Company. In 1955, when the company moved to its third and current location, 103 Queen Street West, it took the new name of Peel Mutual Insurance Company. It reigns as the longest-running company in modern Brampton. Harmsworth Decorating Centre was established in 1890, as Harmsworth and Son, operated out of the family's house on Queen Street West. The current location was purchased on September 1, 1904, after a fire destroyed their original store. Purchased for $1,400, the 24 Main Street South location is the longest-operating retail business in what is now Brampton.

In 1974, the two townships of Chinguacousy and Toronto Gore were incorporated into Brampton. The small pine added to the centre of the shield on the Brampton city flag represents Chinguacousy, honouring the Chippewa chief Shinguacose, "The Small Pine." After this merger, outlying communities such as Bramalea, Heart Lake and Professor's Lake, Snelgrove, Tullamore, and Mayfield, were developed.

In 1963, the town established The Flower Festival of Brampton, based on the Rose Festival of Portland, Oregon, in the United States. It began to market itself as the Flower Town of Canada. [12]

In a revival of this theme, on 24 June 2002, the City Council established the "Flower City Strategy", [20] [21] to promote a connection to its flower-growing heritage. [22] The intention was to inspire design projects and community landscaping to beautify the city, adopt a sustainable environmental approach, and to protect its natural and cultural heritage. [22] The Rose Theatre was named in keeping with this vision and is to serve as a cultural institution in the city. [12] In addition, the city participates in the national Communities in Bloom competition as part of that strategy.

The Old Shoe Factory, located on 57 Mill Street North, once housed the Hewetson Shoe Company. It was listed as a historical property under the Ontario Heritage Act in 2008. Today it is occupied by various small businesses. The lobby and hallways retain details from 1907. Walls are decorated with pictures and artifacts of local Brampton history and old shoemaking equipment. [23]

A self-guided historical walking tour of downtown Brampton called "A Walk Through Time" [24] is available at Brampton City Hall and online at no cost.

Development of Bramalea

Bramalea Civic Centre building, the former home of the Chinguacousy Township offices, still houses several city services today. Bramalea Civic Centre 2021.jpg
Bramalea Civic Centre building, the former home of the Chinguacousy Township offices, still houses several city services today.

Planned as an innovative "new town", Bramalea was developed immediately east of the Town of Brampton in Chinguacousy Township. It was Canada's first satellite community developed by one of the country's largest real estate developers, Bramalea Limited. The name "Bramalea" was created by the farmer William Sheard, who combined "BRAM" from Brampton, "MAL" from Malton (then a neighbouring town which is now part of the city of Mississauga), and "LEA", an Old English word meaning meadow or grassland. He sold the land to Brampton Leasing (the former name of the developer) and built one of Bramalea's first houses on Dixie Road.[ citation needed ]

The community was developed according to its detailed master plan, which included provisions for a parkland trail system and a "downtown" to include essential services and a shopping centre. The downtown's centrepiece was the Civic Centre, built in 1972 to include the city hall and library. Directly across Team Canada Drive, a shopping centre named Bramalea City Centre was built. These developments were connected by a long tunnel, planned to provide protection from winter weather. But, the tunnel has long since been closed due to safety issues. Other features included a police station, fire hall, bus terminal, and a collection of seniors' retirement homes.[ citation needed ]

Each phase of the new city was marked with progressing first letters of street names. Development started with the "A" section, with street names such as Argyle, Avondale, and Aloma. Developers then created a "B" section, "C" section, and so forth. Children on the boundaries of these divisions would regularly compete in street hockey games, pitting, for example, the "D" section versus the "E" section.[ citation needed ]

The community was initially developed with a large number of recreational facilities, including tennis courts, playgrounds, hockey/lacrosse rinks and swimming pools. An extensive parkland trail and sidewalk system connects the entire community.[ citation needed ]

Region of Peel

The areas of adjacent municipalities (beige) amalgamated with the Town of Brampton (red) in 1974 to create the present city. New City of Brampton 1974.png
The areas of adjacent municipalities (beige) amalgamated with the Town of Brampton (red) in 1974 to create the present city.

In 1974, the Ontario provincial government decided to update Peel County's structure. It amalgamated several towns and villages into the new City of Mississauga. In addition, it created the present City of Brampton from the town and the greater portion of the Townships of Chinguacousy and Toronto Gore, and the northern extremity of Mississauga south of Steeles Avenue, [25] including Bramalea and the other communities such as Churchville, Claireville, Ebenezer, Victoria, Springbrook, Coleraine, and Huttonville. While only Huttonville and Churchville still exist as identifiable communities, other names like Claireville are re-emerging as names of new developments.

The province converted Peel County into the Regional Municipality of Peel. Brampton retained its role as the administrative centre of Peel Region, which it already had as county seat. The regional council chamber, the Peel Regional Police force, the public health department, and the region's only major museum, the Peel Art Gallery, Museum and Archives, are all located in Brampton.[ citation needed ]

This change had its critics among those with a strong sense of local identities. Bramptonians feared urban sprawl would dissolve their town's personality. Bramalea residents took pride in the built-from-scratch and organised structure that had come with their new satellite city and did not want to give it up. Others in Bramalea accept they are part of Brampton, and they make up a "tri-city" area: the original Brampton, Heart Lake, Bramalea.[ citation needed ]

In 1972, Chinguacousy built a new civic centre in Bramalea. Two years later, when Brampton and Chinguacousy merged, the new city's council was moved from its modest downtown Brampton locale to the Bramalea building. The library systems of Brampton and Chinguacousy were merged, resulting in a system of four locations.[ citation needed ]

Some have questioned the future of Peel Region as encompassing all of Brampton, Mississauga, and Caledon. The Mississauga council, led by Mayor Hazel McCallion, voted to become a single-tier municipality and asked the provincial government to be separated from Peel Region. They argued the city has outgrown the need for a regional layer of government, and that Mississauga is being held back by supporting Brampton and Caledon with its municipal taxes.[ citation needed ]

Development as a city

Brampton City Hall Brampton City Hall 2021.jpg
Brampton City Hall
Main Street in downtown Brampton Brampton Town Centre Main St 2021.jpg
Main Street in downtown Brampton
Springdale 10545 Bramalea Rd 2022.jpg

The late 1970's brought new residential development, as Brampton released large tracts of land to developers. Heart Lake was one of the first major development outside the city's pre-1974 limits or Bramalea.[ citation needed ]

In the early 1980's, Cineplex Odeon closed the Capitol Theatre in Brampton. The City bought the facility in 1981 under the leadership of councillor Diane Sutter. It adapted the former vaudeville venue and movie house as a performing arts theatre, to be used also as a live music venue. It was renamed the Heritage Theatre. Renovations and maintenance were expensive. In 1983, Toronto consultants Woods Gordon reported to the City that, rather than continue "pouring money" into the Heritage, they should construct a new 750-seat facility with up-to-date features. This recommendation was adopted, and the city designated the 2005–06 season as the Heritage Theatre's "grand finale" season. The city funded construction of the new Rose Theatre, which opened in September 2006.[ citation needed ]

Carabram was founded in 1982, the result of volunteers from different ethnic communities wanting to organize a festival celebrating diversity and cross-cultural friendship. The name was loosely related to Toronto's Caravan Festival of Cultures. Carabram's first event featured Italian, Scots, Ukrainian, and West Indian pavilions. By 2003, the fair had 18 pavilions attracting 45,000 visitors. The national government of Canada had an anchor pavilion in the late 1980s and early 1990s, and for Carabram's 25th Anniversary in 2009.[ citation needed ]

Brampton has grown to become one of the most diverse cities in Canada. In 1996, the city was 13% South Asian and 8.2% Black. [26] By 2016, the South Asian community grew exponentially to represent 44.3% of the city's population, while the Black population grew to 14%. [27] Responding to a growing multi-cultural population, the Peel Board of Education introduced evening English as a Second Language (ESL) classes at high schools. Originally taught by volunteers, the classes eventually were scheduled as daytime courses taught by paid instructors. In the 1980s, the public and Catholic board expanded its language programs, offering night classes in 23 languages. These were introduced due to requests by parents, who wanted their children to learn their ancestral languages and heritage.

In the late 1980s, Mayor Ken Whillans gained approval and funding for the construction of a new city hall in Brampton's downtown. The facility was designed by local architects and constructed by Inzola Construction and built on the site of a former bus terminal. Whillians did not get to see the opening of the new hall in 1991 because of his death in August 1990. With the return of the city government to downtown Brampton, politicians and businesses allied to revitalize the core.

In 1991, development of another new town, Springdale, began. In 1999, development started to appear as far north as the city's border with Caledon along Mayfield Road. The Region designated this border as the line of demarcation for urban development until 2021, although development already began spilling north of Mayfield in the late 2010s. Part of the boundary between Brampton and Vaughan is also nearly completely urbanized.

Changes continue to reflect the growth of the city. In 1992 the City purchased the Brampton Fairgrounds, to be used for other development. The Agricultural Society relocated in 1997 outside the boundaries of the city to Heart Lake and Old School roads. In 1997 the Health Services Restructuring Commission (HSRC) decided to amalgamate Georgetown and District Memorial Hospital, Etobicoke General Hospital, and Peel Memorial Hospital as the William Osler Health Centre. It became what is now the province's 6th-largest hospital corporation.

Brampton's 2003 Sesquicentennial celebrations boosted community spirit, reviving the tradition of a summer parade (with 100 floats), and creating other initiatives. To commemorate the town's history, the city under Mayor Fennell reintroduced floral projects to the community. These have included more plantings around town, the revival in 2005 of the city Parade, and participation in the Canada Communities in Bloom project.


Brampton has a total land area of 265 square kilometres (102 sq mi). The City of Brampton is bordered by Highway 50 (Vaughan) to the East, Winston Churchill Boulevard (Halton Hills) to the West, Mayfield Road (Caledon) to the north (except for a small neighbourhood, Snelgrove, which is part of Brampton despite extending somewhat north of Mayfield Road) and the hydro corridor (Mississauga) to the south as far east as Torbram Road, where the border between the two cities follows the CN Halton Subdivision.


Brampton features a continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfb) which is typical of the rest of the Greater Toronto Area.

Climate data for Lester B. Pearson International Airport (Brampton and North Mississauga)
WMO ID: 71624; coordinates 43°40′38″N79°37′50″W / 43.67722°N 79.63056°W / 43.67722; -79.63056 (Toronto Lester B. Pearson International Airport) , elevation: 173.4 m (569 ft), 1981–2010 normals
Record high humidex 19.018.329.637.942.645.650.346.648.039.128.623.950.3
Record high °C (°F)17.6
Average high °C (°F)−1.5
Daily mean °C (°F)−5.5
Average low °C (°F)−9.4
Record low °C (°F)−31.3
Record low wind chill −44.7−38.9−36.2−25.4−−8.0−13.5−25.4−38.5−44.7
Average precipitation mm (inches)51.8
Average rainfall mm (inches)25.1
Average snowfall cm (inches)29.5
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm)15.111.612.412.512.510.810.410.210.512.113.214.8145.9
Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm)
Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm)
Average relative humidity (%) (at 15:00)72.068.461.454.453.554.953.355.858.562.169.272.561.3
Mean monthly sunshine hours 79.7112.2159.4204.4228.2249.7294.4274.5215.7163.794.286.22,161.4
Percent possible sunshine 27.638.043.250.850.
Source: Environment Canada [28] [29] [30] [31] [32] [33] [34] [35]
Climate data for Brampton (1951–1980)
Record high °C (°F)16.7
Average high °C (°F)−2.9
Daily mean °C (°F)−7.3
Average low °C (°F)−11.6
Record low °C (°F)−36.7
Average precipitation mm (inches)53.0
Average rainfall mm (inches)21.0
Average snowfall cm (inches)34.6
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm)9991010989891010110
Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm)336910989898587
Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm)77510000003629
Mean monthly sunshine hours 97.8115.4143.3177.9244.4268.1299.1255.5195.3161.093.983.52,135.2
Source: Environment Canada [36] [37] [38]


Historical populations
1911 3,412+24.2%
1996 268,251+14.4%
2001 325,428+21.3%
2006 433,806+33.3%
2011 523,906+20.8%
2016 593,638+13.3%
2021 656,480+10.6%
Brampton annexed Chinguacousy—which included the highly populated community of Bramalea—and Toronto Gore Townships in 1974.
The 2011 population count was revised in 2016. [39]

In the 2021 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, Brampton had a population of 656,480 living in 182,472 of its 189,086 total private dwellings, a change of


In the 2021 census, the largest ethnocultural background in Brampton was South Asian, accounting for 52.4% of the population. Other backgrounds included European (18.9%), Black (13.1%), Filipino (3.2%), Latin American (2.1%), Southeast Asian (1.4%), Chinese (1.1%), West Asian (1.1%), and Arab (1%). [42]

Panethnic groups in the City of Brampton (1996−2021)
2021 [43] 2016 [44] 2011 [45] 2006 [46] 2001 [47] 1996 [26]
Pop. %Pop.%Pop.%Pop.%Pop.%Pop.%
South Asian 340,815261,705200,220136,75063,20534,720
European [lower-alpha 1] 123,060153,390171,655182,760192,395186,270
African 85,31082,17570,29053,34032,07021,810
Southeast Asian [lower-alpha 2] 30,15528,52526,53518,1109,9706,990
Middle Eastern [lower-alpha 3] 13,71511,3207,6105,4752,9351,995
Latin American 13,49014,04511,4058,5455,2252,595
East Asian [lower-alpha 4] 8,0009,9159,2358,9306,5956,100
Indigenous 3,2554,3303,4302,6651,720950
Other [lower-alpha 5] 32,37025,53520,94014,99510,2905,740
Total responses650,165590,950521,315431,575324,390267,170
Total population656,480593,638523,911433,806325,428268,251


In 2021, the most reported religion among the population was Christianity (35.7%), with Catholicism (17.3%) making up the largest denomination. This was followed by Sikhism (25.1%), Hinduism (18.1%), Islam (9.1%), and Buddhism (1.1%). 10.3% of the population did not identify with a particular religion. [48] Proportionally, Brampton has one of the largest Sikh and Hindu populations among all Canadian cities. The Toronto Ontario Temple for the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) is located in Brampton. [49]


The 2021 census found that English was the mother tongue of 42.9% of the population. The next most common mother tongues were Punjabi (21.7%), Gujarati (3.4%), Urdu (3.4%), Hindi (3%), and Tamil (2.2%). The most commonly known languages were English (95.1%), Punjabi (29.1%), Hindi (17.5%), Urdu (6%), Gujarati (4.7%), and French (4.6%). [50]

Mother tonguePopulation%
English 279,41542.9
Punjabi 141,00521.7
Gujarati 22,0003.4
Urdu 21,9453.4
Hindi 19,6453
Tamil 14,0302.2
Spanish 10,1851.6
Tagalog (Filipino) 9,9051.5
Portuguese 8,6401.3
Italian 5,4300.8
Vietnamese 4,2300.6
Arabic 4,1000.6
Malayalam 3,9300.6
French 3,8100.6
Polish 3,4300.5
Bengali 3,0600.5
Telugu 2,9200.4
Yue (Cantonese) 2,7750.4
Akan (Twi) 2,5300.4
Dari 2,3050.4
Mandarin 2,1950.3
Nepali 1,9450.3
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,9400.3
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,5550.2
Serbo-Croatian 1,3850.2
Knowledge of languagePopulation%
English 618,06095.1
Punjabi 189,23529.1
Hindi 113,51517.5
Urdu 38,7256
Gujarati 30,3104.7
French 30,0104.6
Tamil 21,4753.3
Spanish 15,3952.4
Tagalog (Filipino) 14,9252.3
Portuguese 11,7651.8
Italian 8,9051.4
Arabic 8,4751.3
Malayalam 6,0900.9
Vietnamese 6,0300.9
Telugu 5,5400.9
Bengali 5,0800.8
Akan (Twi) 4,5550.7
Polish 4,1500.6
Yue (Cantonese) 3,6800.6
Mandarin 3,6600.6
Dari 3,3500.5
Marathi 3,1850.5
Yoruba 3,0500.5
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 2,5400.4
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 2,4400.4


Companies with headquarters in Brampton include MDA Space Missions, which will be building the CanadaArm 3. Loblaw Companies Ltd., [51] Chrysler Canada Brampton Assembly Plant, [52] Gamma-Dynacare Medical Laboratories, [53] Mandarin Restaurant, [54] Brita, and Clorox.

Other major companies operating in Brampton include CN Rail Brampton Intermodal Terminal, [55] Best Buy, [56] Amazon which has four production facilities in the city, [57] Ford [ citation needed ] Nestlé, [58] Hudson's Bay Company (HBC), [59] Frito Lay Canada, and Coca-Cola, [60]

Additional companies in Brampton include Canon, Canadian Tire which has three distribution facilities, Canadian Blood Services, Boston Scientific, Air Canada, Sleep Country Canada head office, Rogers Communications, Magna International.

Alstom has an assembly plant in Brampton to fulfil their contract with Metrolinx to build Alstom Citadis Spirit LRV cars for the TTC Finch West (ordered in 2017 with delivery beginning 2021 to be completed by 2023), Hurontario and Eglinton LRT lines. The Hurontario LRT maintenance facility is currently being built in Brampton.

William Osler Health System operates two health facilities in the city (Peel Memorial and Brampton Civic Hospital).

It is also the location of the Canadian Forces Army Reserve unit The Lorne Scots (Peel, Dufferin and Halton Regiment). [61]

An automobile manufacturing facility was opened by American Motors (AMC) in 1960 as the Brampton Assembly Plant. In 1986, AMC developed a new, state-of-the-art operation at Bramalea. After AMC was acquired by Chrysler in 1987, AMC's Canadian division and its plants were absorbed; the older facility in Brampton closed in 1992. The newest factory was renamed Brampton Assembly; it is one of the city's largest employers, with almost 4,000 workers when running at capacity. [62]


The Algoma University @ Brampton School of Business & Economics offers courses at Market Square Business Centre, 24 Queen Street East. [63] The closest universities to Brampton (offering a wider range of programs) include York University in north Toronto and University of Toronto Mississauga.

Along with that, Sheridan College, Davis campus is another major public higher education institution serving Brampton which also has campuses in Oakville and Mississauga. In 2017, Davis added the Skilled Trades Centre, for training in skilled trades and apprenticeship programs, previously offered in Oakville. [64]

A plan by Ryerson University, in partnership with Sheridan College was to establish a new campus in Brampton with a goal of opening in 2022 with $90 million in funding offered by the provincial government in April 2018. [65] [66] On 23 October 2018 however, the new Provincial government (elected in June) withdrew the funding for plans such as this, effectively cancelling the project. [67]

Brampton also has many private post-secondary institutions offering vocational training including Springfield College Brampton, CDI College, TriOS College, Academy of Learning, Evergreen College, Medix College, CIMT College, Torbram College, Bitts International Career College, Canadian College of Business, Science & Technology, Hanson College, Queenswood College B, H & T, Flair College of Management and Technology, Sunview College, and College Of Health Studies.

Two main school boards operate in Brampton: the Peel District School Board, which operates secular anglophone public schools, and Dufferin-Peel Catholic District School Board, which operates Catholic anglophone public schools. Under the Peel District School Board, the secondary schools are Bramalea, Brampton Centennial, Central Peel, Chinguacousy, Fletcher's Meadow, Harold M. Brathwaite, Heart Lake, Louise Arbour, Mayfield, North Park, Judith Nyman, Sandalwood Heights, Turner Fenton, David Suzuki, Castlebrooke Secondary School, and Jean Augustine, one of the newest. A total of 85 elementary and middle schools feed these high schools in the city.

Under the Dufferin-Peel Catholic District School Board, the secondary schools are Cardinal Leger, Holy Name of Mary, Notre Dame, St. Augustine, St. Edmund Campion, St. Roch, St. Marguerite d'Youville, St. Thomas Aquinas, and Cardinal Ambrozic. A total of 44 Catholic elementary and middle schools feed these high schools in the city.

The Conseil scolaire Viamonde operates secular Francophone schools serving the area. The Conseil scolaire catholique MonAvenir operates Catholic Francophone schools serving the area.


The Rose Theatre Fountain Stage Rose Theatre Fountain.jpg
The Rose Theatre Fountain Stage
LCD video screen at Garden Square, downtown BramptonGardenSquare.png
LCD video screen at Garden Square, downtown
A Peel Art Gallery, Museum, Archives building, formerly the Peel County Court House Peel Art Gallery, Museum and Archives Building (PAMA).jpg
A Peel Art Gallery, Museum, Archives building, formerly the Peel County Court House

Several cultural entities in the city operate under the umbrella of the Brampton Arts Council. Located in the city is the Peel Art Gallery, Museum and Archives (PAMA, formerly the Peel Heritage Complex), which is run by the Region of Peel. [68]

The Rose Theatre (originally the Brampton Performing Arts Centre), opened in September 2006. The city had expected the facility to generate $2.7 million in economic activity the first year, growing to $19.8 million by the fifth year. The Rose Theatre far surpassed projections, attracting more than 137,000 patrons in its inaugural year, which exceeded its five-year goal. The arrival of so many new patrons downtown has stimulated the development of numerous new businesses nearby. A new Fountain Stage was unveiled in June 2008 at the nearby Garden Square.

Brampton has six library locations to serve its half-million residents. With a ratio of one library per more than 80,000 residents, it has the lowest library ratio among major Canadian cities.[ citation needed ]

Festivals in the city include the annual Festival of Literary Diversity, a literary festival devoted to writers from underrepresented groups such as people of colour and LGBTQ writers. [69]

The Peel Art Gallery, Museum and Archives (PAMA) in Brampton includes a museum, art gallery, and archives. Since opening in 1968, the art gallery section (previously known as the Art Gallery of Peel) has exhibited local, national, and international artists, both contemporary and historical from their permanent collection.

The City of Brampton's long-standing heritage conservation program was recognised with the 2011 Lieutenant Governor's Ontario Heritage Award for Community Leadership. In 2010 the city received an 'honourable mention' under the same provincial awards program.

Sites of interest

Professor's Lake Professor's Lake 2022.jpg
Professor's Lake

Major shopping areas include Bramalea City Centre, Shoppers World, and "big box centre" Trinity Commons. The downtown area has some retail; the Centennial Mall and the Brampton Mall are also of note.


Brampton was one of the first areas where Rogers Cable offered its service. The city started a community access channel in the 1970s, which still operates. While some programs on the channel are produced in its Brampton studios, most are based in its Mississauga location. Christian specialty channel Vertical TV is based in Brampton.

The Brampton Guardian is the community's only newspaper, starting as the Bramalea Guardian in 1964. The city's first newspaper, The Daily Times, stopped circulation in the early 1980s. For a little over a year, The Brampton Bulletin attempted to challenge the Guardian, but it was dismantled after a series of editor changes.

Brampton is the official city of license for two radio stations, CIAO and CFNY. Both stations address their programming toward the entire Greater Toronto Area rather than exclusively to Brampton. CFNY was located upstairs at 83 Kennedy Road until moving to Toronto in 1996.

Sports and recreation

Sports teams of Brampton
Brampton A's National Basketball League of Canada BasketballPowerade Centre201320150
Brampton Admirals Ontario Junior Hockey League Hockey Brampton Memorial Arena 20180
Brampton Battalion OHL Hockey Powerade Centre 199820130
Brampton Beast ECHL Hockey CAA Centre 201320210
Bramalea Blues Ontario Provincial Junior A Hockey League Hockey Powerade Centre 197220101
Brampton Bombers Greater Ontario Junior Hockey League Hockey Brampton Memorial Arena 20120
Brampton Thunder Canadian Women's Hockey League Hockey Powerade Centre 199920170
Brampton Capitals Ontario Provincial Junior A Hockey League Hockey Brampton Memorial Arena 198420124
Brampton Excelsiors Major Series Lacrosse Senior "A" Lacrosse League. Box Lacrosse CAA Centre 191230
Junior Excelsiors OLA Junior A Lacrosse League Box Lacrosse Brampton Memorial Arena 19714
Junior "b" Excelsiors OLA Junior B Lacrosse League Box Lacrosse Victoria Park Arena20120
Bramalea Satellites Northern Football Conference Football19741975
Brampton United FC Canadian Soccer League, National DivisionSoccer Victoria Park Stadium 20021

Brampton has been home minor professional sports franchises at the CAA Centre, formerly the Powerade Centre. From 2013 to 2015, the Brampton A's played in the National Basketball League of Canada, but relocated to Orangeville, Ontario, to decrease costs of operations of switching the arena floor from ice hockey to basketball. From 2013 to 2020, the Brampton Beast played in the Central Hockey League and ECHL, but ceased operations during the COVID-19 pandemic in February 2021 after having not been able to play since March 2020.

The numerous sporting venues and activities includes the outdoor ice path for skating through Gage Park. Chinguacousy Park includes a ski lift, a curling club, and Tennis Centre for multi-season activities. In the summer, amateur softball leagues abound. Crowds line the beaches at Professor's Lake for the annual outdoor "shagging" display.

Since 1967, the Brampton Canadettes have hosted the annual Brampton Canadettes Easter Tournament in hockey. [75]

Brampton is also the host for the following major sports events:


Health and medicine


Grenville & William Davis Courthouse, Ontario Court of Justice, is located in Brampton at 7755 Hurontario Street (Hurontario Street at County Court).


Public transit

Brampton Transit bus at the now-relocated Bramalea City Centre Terminal Brampton Transit Nova LFS 0601.jpg
Brampton Transit bus at the now-relocated Bramalea City Centre Terminal

Local transit is provided by Brampton Transit, with connections to other systems such as MiWay, York Region Transit, Go Transit, and Toronto Transit Commission. Brampton Transit also operates a bus rapid transit system, "Züm" (pronounced Zoom), along Main/Hurontario Streets, Steeles Avenue, Queen Street/Highway 7, Bovaird Drive–Airport Road, and Queen Street West–Mississauga Road, which form the backbone to its bus network.

There is GO Bus service to York University and subway stations at Yorkdale Mall and York Mills in Toronto. There are three GO Train stations in Brampton along the Kitchener line: Bramalea, Brampton and Mount Pleasant.


Both Canadian National Railway (CN) and the Orangeville-Brampton Railway short line (formerly part of the Canadian Pacific Railway (CP) line) run through the city. CN's Intermodal Yards are located east of Airport Road between Steeles and Queen Street East. The CN Track from Toronto's Union Station is used by the Kitchener GO Transit Rail Corridor providing commuter rail to and from Toronto with rail station stops at Bramalea, Downtown Brampton, and Mount Pleasant. Via Rail connects through Brampton as part of the Quebec City-Windsor Corridor.


Canada's busiest airport, Toronto Pearson International Airport (CYYZ), is located near Brampton, in Mississauga. [78] For general aviation, the city is served by the privately owned Brampton Airport (CNC3), located to the north of the city in neighbouring Caledon.


Brampton is served by several major transportation routes: Highway 401 from Toronto is a short distance south in Mississauga, and can be reached by Highway 410, which runs north–south through the middle of the city. Highway 407 runs along the southern portion of the city, just north of the boundary with Mississauga. Steeles Avenue, which runs north of the 407, is a thoroughfare continuing from Toronto. Queen Street is the city's main east–west street. Farther north, Bovaird Drive is another main artery. Sections of both Queen (eastern portion) and Bovaird (western portion) were part the former Highway 7, (now Regional Road 107), with Highway 410 being the route followed between the two streets. Main Street, part of the historic road, Hurontario Street (as well as Hurontario proper in the northern and southern parts of the city), and formerly Highway 10, is the city's main north–south artery. In the east end, Airport Road is a busy artery that is used as a route north to Wasaga Beach, a popular beach resort town.

Representation in other media

Notable people

Four people from Brampton have received the Order of Canada: Robert William Bradford, former Director of the National Aviation Museum; Michael F. Clarke, director at Evergreen, the Yonge Street Mission for street youth in Toronto; Howard Pawley, professor and former Premier of Manitoba; and William G. Davis, former Premier of Ontario.


Rick Nash in 2006, playing for the Columbus Blue Jackets Rick Nash.jpg
Rick Nash in 2006, playing for the Columbus Blue Jackets


Three Canadian premiers got their start in Brampton; Premiers Tobias Norris and Howard Pawley OC of Manitoba, and "Brampton Billy", Ontario premier William Grenville Davis CC. Other notable politicians include John Coyne, and Conservative opposition leader Gordon Graydon. Alberta politician and businessman Sir James A. Lougheed was born in Brampton, and served 30 years in Senate; Regina mayor David Lynch Scott was born here.

President of the Treasury Board Tony Clement spent time as a Brampton MPP. John McDermid held various cabinet positions under Brian Mulroney, Bal Gosal Minister of State-Sport, and former Mayor Linda Jeffrey held cabinet positions at the provincial level.

Ruby Dhalla represented the riding of Brampton—Springdale in the Canadian House of Commons from 2004 to 2011 as a member of the Liberal Party. Dhalla and British Columbia Conservative MP Nina Grewal were the first Sikh women to serve in the Canadian House of Commons. Parm Gill was elected as the member of parliament from the Conservative Party of Canada for the riding of Brampton-Springdale in 2011, who was also appointed as the Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Veteran Affairs in 2013.

Jagmeet Singh began his political career in Brampton running in two elections in 2011, defeated in the federal election in May but elected Member of Provincial Parliament for Bramalea—Gore—Malton in October. In 2015 he became deputy leader of the Ontario New Democratic Party. In 2017 he became leader of the federal NDP, the first member of a visible minority to become permanent leader of a major federal party in Canada.


Authors born in or living in Brampton include Rohinton Mistry, Jesse Thistle, Edo Van Belkom and Rupi Kaur (poet).

Visual arts notables from Brampton include etcher Caroline Helena Armington, [81] Ronald Bloore, Member of the Order of Canada; Organiser and member of the "Regina Five",(1960) [82] watercolourist Jack Reid, and William Ronald, who was raised in town. Norman Mills Price. Animators David Feiss and Jay Stephens grew up here.

Music acts from Brampton include Punk band The Flatliners, Indie Rock band Moneen, R&B singer Keshia Chanté, country singer Johnny Reid, "Metal Queen" Lee Aaron and pop singer Alyssa Reid. Country singer and "World Champion Yodeller" Donn Reynolds lived here from 1969 to 1997. [83] Barry Stock, guitarist from Three Days Grace was raised in Brampton, and currently resides in Caledon. Singer Alessia Cara, hip-hop artist Roy Woods, and hip-hop artist Tory Lanez were also born in Brampton. Hip-hop record producer WondaGurl was also born in Brampton.

Film, television and comedy

Comedian Russell Peters Russel Peters TIFF08.jpg
Comedian Russell Peters

Two notable comedians hail from Brampton: Scott Thompson and Russell Peters.

Comedic actor Michael Cera was born and raised in Brampton. Shawn Ashmore, Aaron Ashmore ( Smallville ) are Brampton-raised. Actor Tyler Labine starred in Mad Love .

Other Brampton-born or affiliated actors include Paulo Costanzo, Jordan Gavaris, Gemini Award winner Kris Lemche, Lara Jean Chorostecki, Sabrina Grdevich, Nicole Lyn, actor and producer David J. Phillips, reality TV star and art dealer Billy Jamieson, performer George R. Robertson, and performer Sidhu Moose Wala.

Others include voice actor Brenna O'Brien, and on-air media personalities Cassie Campbell, Chris Connor, Chris Cuthbert and Scott McGillivray.

Sister cities

Brampton has two sister cities as well as active economic, historic, and cultural relationships with others. [84] [85] [86]

Sister cities:

Friendship relationships: [86]

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Mississauga</span> City in Ontario, Canada

Mississauga, historically known as Toronto Township, is a city in the Canadian province of Ontario. It is situated on the shores of Lake Ontario in the Regional Municipality of Peel, adjoining the western border of Toronto. With a population of 717,961 as of 2021, Mississauga is the seventh-most populous municipality in Canada, third-most in Ontario, and second-most in the Greater Toronto Area (GTA) after Toronto itself. However, for the first time in its history, the city's population declined according to the 2021 census, from a 2016 population of 721,599 to 717,961, a 0.5 percent decrease.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Caledon, Ontario</span> Town in Ontario, Canada

Caledon is a town in the Regional Municipality of Peel in the Greater Toronto Area of Ontario, Canada. From a shortened form of Caledonia, the Roman name for North Britain; Caledon is a developing urban area, although it remains primarily rural. It consists of an amalgamation of a number of urban areas, villages, and hamlets; its major urban centre is Bolton on its eastern side adjacent to York Region.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Golden Horseshoe</span> Secondary region in Ontario, Canada

The Golden Horseshoe is a secondary region of Southern Ontario, Canada, which lies at the western end of Lake Ontario, with outer boundaries stretching south to Lake Erie and north to Lake Scugog, Lake Simcoe and Georgian Bay of Lake Huron. The region is the most densely populated and industrialized in Canada. Based on the 2021 census, with a population of 7,759,635 people in its core and 9,765,188 in its greater area, the Golden Horseshoe accounts for over 20 percent of the population of Canada and more than 54 percent of Ontario's population. It is part of the Quebec City–Windsor Corridor, itself part of the Great Lakes megalopolis.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Regional Municipality of Peel</span> Regional municipality in Ontario, Canada

The Regional Municipality of Peel is a regional municipality in the Greater Toronto Area, Southern Ontario, Canada. It consists of three municipalities to the west and northwest of the city of Toronto: the cities of Mississauga and Brampton, and the town of Caledon, each of which spans its full east–west width. The regional seat is in Brampton. The entire Greater Toronto Area is the inner ring of the Golden Horseshoe.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Filipino Canadians</span> Ethnic group

Filipino Canadians are Canadians of Filipino descent. Filipino Canadians are the fourth largest subgroup of the overseas Filipinos and one of the fastest-growing groups in Canada.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bramalea, Ontario</span> Suburban district in Peel, Ontario, Canada

Bramalea (Bram-a-lee) is a large suburban district in the City of Brampton, Ontario, Canada. Bramalea was created as an innovative "new town", and developed as a separate community from the city. Located in the former Chinguacousy Township, it was Canada's first satellite community developed by one of the country's largest real estate developers, Bramalea Consolidated Developments, formerly known as Brampton Leasing.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bramalea—Gore—Malton</span> Federal electoral district in Ontario, Canada

Bramalea—Gore—Malton was a federal electoral district in Ontario, Canada, that was represented in the House of Commons of Canada. In 2015, it was dissolved into the ridings of Brampton East, Mississauga—Malton, Brampton Centre and Brampton North.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Brampton Centre</span> Federal electoral district in Ontario, Canada

Brampton Centre is a federal electoral district in Ontario, Canada, that is represented in the House of Commons of Canada. This riding was created in 1996 from parts of Brampton riding and in 2013, Elections Canada redistributed 3 ridings in the city of Brampton to bring back Brampton Centre. This was primarily due to large population increases in the Greater Toronto Area, and Peel Region in particular.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Mississauga Centre</span> Federal electoral district in Ontario, Canada

Mississauga Centre is a federal electoral district in the Peel Region of Ontario, Canada, that has represented in the House of Commons of Canada from 1997 to 2004 and since 2015.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hurontario Street</span> Road in Ontario, Canada

Hurontario Street is a roadway running in Ontario, Canada between Lake Ontario at Mississauga and Lake Huron's Georgian Bay at Collingwood. Within Peel Region, it is a major urban thoroughfare within the cities of Mississauga and Brampton, which serves as the divide from which cross-streets are split into East and West, except at its foot in the historic Mississauga neighbourhood of Port Credit. Farther north, with the exception of the section through Simcoe County, where it forms the 8th Concession, it is the meridian for the rural municipalities it passes through. In Dufferin County, for instance, parallel roads are labelled as EHS or WHS for East of Hurontario Street.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Brampton Library</span>

The Brampton Library is a system of public libraries in Brampton, Ontario, Canada.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Chinguacousy Township, Ontario</span>

Chinguacousy Township is a former municipality and present-day geographic township in the Regional Municipality of Peel, Ontario, Canada. In 1973, when Peel County became the Regional Municipality of Peel, the township was split in half, with the northern half becoming part of the town of Caledon, and the southern half, along with the township of Toronto Gore, joining the city of Brampton.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Toronto Gore Township, Ontario</span>

Toronto Gore is a former incorporated and now geographic township in Ontario, Canada. It is today split between Mississauga and Brampton.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">History of Brampton</span>

Following is an outline is for the history of Brampton, the fourth largest city in Ontario, Canada. European settlers arrived began to settle the area in the early 19th century, with Brampton being formally incorporated into a village in 1853.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Springdale, Brampton</span> Suburban district in Peel, Ontario, Canada

Springdale is an old rural community of Brampton, Ontario, Canada covering 4,000 acres (1,600 ha) in the northern part of the city. It is generally bounded by Countryside Drive to the north, Bovaird Drive to the south, Heart Lake Road to the west, and Airport Road to the east. Springdale is sometimes referred to Singhdale due to its large population of Sikh Canadians, who make up 39.6% of the community's population and often have the last name Singh.

Pakistani Canadian refers to the community in Canada of Pakistani heritage or descent. It can also refer to people who hold dual Pakistani and Canadian citizenship. Categorically, Pakistani Canadians comprise a subgroup of South Asian Canadians which is a further subgroup of Asian Canadians.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Züm</span> Bus rapid transit system in Brampton, Canada

Züm is a bus rapid transit system for the suburban city of Brampton, Ontario, Canada, northwest of Toronto owned and operated by Brampton Transit. There are connections to the City of Mississauga, York Region, and the City of Toronto, with the first corridor having started service in fall 2010.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bramalea Terminal</span>

Bramalea Terminal is a Brampton Transit bus station serving the community of Bramalea in Brampton, Ontario, Canada. It is located at the south west corner of Peel Centre Drive and Central Park Drive on the north side of the Brampton Civic Centre. The customer service centre building is situated in the northerly of two island platform areas, which are accessed by pedestrian cross walks. Within the building are service counters, washrooms, snack vending machines and a heated waiting area with screens displaying current bus route information.



  1. Rayburn, Alan (2001). Naming Canada: Stories about Canadian Place Names. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. p. 45. ISBN   978-0-8020-8293-0. Archived from the original on 2012-12-06.
  2. "Brampton". Geographical Names Data Base . Natural Resources Canada.
  3. "Brampton". Geographical Names Data Base . Natural Resources Canada.
  4. 1 2 "Data table, Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population - Brampton, City (CY) [Census subdivision], Ontario". Statistics Canada. 9 February 2022.
  5. 1 2 3 "Brampton | The Canadian Encyclopedia". Retrieved 2021-06-03.
  6. 1 2 "Ajetance Treaty, No. 19 (1818) - Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation". 2017-05-28. Retrieved 2021-06-03.
  7. Canada, Government of Canada; Indigenous and Northern Affairs (2013-06-04). "Treaty Texts - Upper Canada Land Surrenders". Retrieved 2021-06-03.
  8. "Provisional Agreement with the Mississagues of the River Credit, for the surrender of 648,000 Acres of Land". Library and Archives Canada . Archived from the original on 2021-06-05.
  9. "Ajetance Treaty No. 19". Treaty Texts - Upper Canada Land Surrenders. 4 June 2013. Archived from the original on 2020-03-19.
  10. 1 2 3 "Brampton's Beginning" in Bramptons's 100th Anniversary as an Incorporated Town: 1873–1973, Brampton: The Corporation of the Town of Brampton and the Brampton Centennial Committee, 1973, originally published in Ross Cumming, ed., Historical Atlas of Peel County, n.p.: Walker and Miles, 1877.
  11. 1 2 3 "Discover Brampton's History". City of Brampton. Archived from the original on 2010-02-21. Retrieved 2010-04-08.
  12. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Bost, John (30 December 2007). "Without a trace". Book Review. Retrieved 2010-04-08. O'Hara tells the story of how the Dale Estate joined with the town to market the town as the "Flower Town of Canada" by instituting in 1963, The Flower Festival of Brampton, patterned after the great Rose Festival parade of Portland, Oregon.[ permanent dead link ]
  13. O'Hara, Dale (September 2007). Acres of Glass: The Story of the Dale Estate and How Brampton Became "The Flower Town of Canada". Eastendbooks. ISBN   978-1-896973-39-5. Archived from the original on 2009-06-19. Retrieved 2010-04-08.
  14. 1 2 3 "Brampton's FlowerTown Heritage". Archived from the original on 2011-07-08. Retrieved 2010-04-08.
  15. "The creation of the County of Peel, 1851-1867". 25 April 2017. Retrieved 2 December 2017.
  16. The province of Ontario gazetteer and directory. H. McEvoy Editor and Compiler, Toronto : Robertson & Cook, Publishers, 1869
  17. "Biography – CHISHOLM, KENNETH – Volume XIII (1901-1910) – Dictionary of Canadian Biography" . Retrieved 2 December 2017.
  18. "History of Alderlea". Retrieved 2 December 2017.
  19. Douglas, Pam (26 March 2015). "Alderlea reborn: Brampton's heritage home now available for rent -" . Retrieved 2 December 2017.
  20. "Flower City Strategy". City of Brampton. Archived from the original on June 22, 2010. Retrieved 2010-04-08. On June 24, 2002, Council received and approved the "Flower City Strategy", with the expressed purpose of recapturing of Brampton's Floral heritage.
  21. "Heritage". City of Brampton. Archived from the original on 2010-04-09. Retrieved 2010-04-08.
  22. 1 2 "Environmental Responsibility". City of Brampton. Archived from the original on 2010-04-13. Retrieved 2010-04-08. The City is taking steps to reclaim our "flower town" roots through the Flower City Strategy, a multifaceted approach that strives to beautify Brampton, preserve its natural and cultural heritage and protect the environment. An important part of this strategy is adopting a sustainable environmental approach that combines conservation with urban development and design, naturalisation and community landscaping.
  23. Hewetson Shoe Factory. City of Brampton. "A Little Bit of History..." Archived from the original on 2013-05-18. Retrieved 2013-05-06.
  24. "A Walk Through Time", City of Brampton, c.2010
  25. "Brampton's historic Churchville village turns 200". Pam Douglas. Brampton Guardian. July 28, 2015. Retrieved August 12, 2020.
  26. 1 2 "Electronic Area Profiles: Brampton". Statistics Canada. Retrieved March 7, 2019.
  27. Census Profile, 2016 Census Brampton, Ontario, and Peel, Regional Municipality, Ontario
  28. "Toronto Lester B. Pearson International Airport". 1981-2010 Canadian Climate Normals. Environment Canada. Retrieved 2013-07-10.
  29. "Daily Data Report for July 2011". Environment Canada. Retrieved 2022-05-13.
  30. "Daily Data Report for February 2017". Environment Canada. Retrieved March 29, 2017.
  31. "Daily Data Report for March 2012" . Retrieved November 25, 2018.
  32. "Hourly Data Report for February 20, 2018". Environment Canada. Retrieved 2022-05-13.
  33. "Hourly Data Report for June 30, 2018" . Retrieved 2022-05-13.
  34. "Daily Data Report for October 2019". Environment Canada. Retrieved 2022-05-13.
  35. "Daily Data Report for November 2022". Environment Canada. Retrieved 2022-11-07.
  36. "Canadian Climate Normals 1951–1980 Volume 2: Temperature". Environment Canada. Retrieved September 24, 2020.
  37. "Canadian Climate Normals 1951–1980 Volume 3: Precipitation". Environment Canada. Retrieved September 24, 2020.
  38. "Canadian Climate Normals 1951–1980 Volume 7: Bright Sunshine". Environment Canada. Retrieved September 24, 2020.
  39. Statistics Canada: 2017
  40. "Population and dwelling counts: Canada, provinces and territories, census divisions and census subdivisions (municipalities), Ontario". Statistics Canada. February 9, 2022. Retrieved March 27, 2022.
  41. "Canada's fastest growing and decreasing municipalities from 2016 to 2021". Statistics Canada. 9 February 2022.
  42. "Profile table, Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population - Brampton, City (CY) [Census subdivision], Ontario". Statistics Canada. 9 February 2022.
  43. Government of Canada, Statistics Canada (2022-10-26). "Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population". Retrieved 2023-01-11.
  44. Government of Canada, Statistics Canada (2021-10-27). "Census Profile, 2016 Census". Retrieved 2023-01-11.
  45. Government of Canada, Statistics Canada (2015-11-27). "NHS Profile". Retrieved 2023-01-11.
  46. Government of Canada, Statistics Canada (2019-08-20). "2006 Community Profiles". Retrieved 2023-01-11.
  47. Government of Canada, Statistics Canada (2019-07-02). "2001 Community Profiles". Retrieved 2023-01-11.
  48. "Profile table, Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population - Brampton, City (CY) [Census subdivision], Ontario". Statistics Canada. 9 February 2022.
  49. "Toronto Ontario Temple". The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
  50. "Profile table, Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population - Brampton, City (CY) [Census subdivision], Ontario". Statistics Canada. 9 February 2022.
  51. "Brampton's Top Employers" . Retrieved 6 August 2018.
  52. "Brampton Assembly Plant and Brampton Satellite Stamping Plant". Fiat Chrysler Automobiles. FCA US LLC. Retrieved 6 August 2018.
  53. "Dynacare - Head Office, Brampton". Toronto Central Healthline. Central West Local Health Integration Network. Retrieved 6 August 2018.
  54. "Contact Us". Mandarin. Mandarin Restaurant Franchise Corporation. Retrieved 19 July 2021.
  55. "Canadian National Railway". Canada's Top 100 Employers. Mediacorp Canada Inc. Retrieved 6 August 2018.
  56. "3 Best Buy Stores in Brampton, Ontario". Best Buy. Retrieved 6 August 2018.
  57. "Amazon's Brampton distribution centre hiring seasonal workers". Brampton Guardian. Retrieved 6 August 2018.
  58. "Nestle in Canada" (PDF). Nestle. Retrieved 6 August 2018.
  59. "Hudson's Bay Brampton Bramalea City Centre". Hudson's Bay. Retrieved 6 August 2018.
  60. "MDA Locations". MDA. Retrieved 6 August 2018.
  61. "The Lorne Scots (Peel, Dufferin and Halton Regiment)". Canadian Army. 24 June 2013. Retrieved 6 August 2018.
  62. McAleer, Brendan (28 June 2018). "Made in Canada: A look at the long history of Canadian cars and the people who build them". The Globe and Mail. The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 6 August 2018.
  63. "Brampton Campus". Algoma University. 19 April 2018.
  64. "Sheridan - Davis Campus". Sheridan College. 19 April 2018.
  65. "Ryerson University to open new campus in Brampton". Ryerson University. 19 April 2018.
  66. "Site revealed for new Ryerson University campus in Brampton". The Star. Retrieved 2018-04-20.
  67. "Ontario government broke promise to fund post-secondary campuses". National Post . 23 October 2018.
  68. "Home - Peel Art Gallery Museum + Archives". Archived from the original on 2015-10-04. Retrieved 2015-10-03.
  69. Deborah Dundas, "Brampton’s book fest The FOLD offers authors but also workshops and dancing". Toronto Star , April 30, 2019.
  70. "Mount Chinguacousy" . Retrieved 10 July 2016.
  71. "Brampton Historical Society". Archived from the original on 2016-03-03. Retrieved 10 July 2016.
  72. "Historic Bovaird House-Home Page". Archived from the original on 2016-09-10. Retrieved 10 July 2016.
  73. "Welcome to the Rose Theatre" . Retrieved 10 July 2016.
  74. "LESTER B. PEARSON THEATRE" . Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  75. "Our Proud Canadian Womens Hockey History". Brampton Canadettes Girls Hockey Association. Retrieved October 11, 2020.
  76. "WBSC Softball World Cups 2021 - 2029". World Baseball Softball Confederation. World Baseball Softball Confederation. Retrieved 13 December 2021.
  77. "2023 IIHF Women's World Championship To Be Played In Brampton". Hockey Canada. Hockey Canada. Retrieved 1 January 2023.
  78. Greater Toronto Airports Authority draft plan for Pickering Airport Archived 2006-10-25 at the Wayback Machine , Greater Toronto Airports Authority (2003). Retrieved on 2006-12-08.
  79. "Mehta's film resonates with Indian women". The Star. Toronto. 2008-11-04. Retrieved 2010-04-26.
  80. Campbell, Mogan (2008-01-03). "Local boy not quite local enough for the CFL". Toronto Star. Retrieved 2008-01-03.
  81. "Caroline Armington - Artist, Fine Art, Auction Records, Prices, Biography for Caroline Helena (Wilkinson) Armington". Retrieved 2011-02-19.
  82. Clara Hargittay (1925-05-29). "Bloore, Ronald". The Canadian Encyclopedia . Retrieved 2011-02-19.
  83. Brampton Guardian. "Reynolds, Donn". Our Ontario Newspapers. Retrieved 2013-05-29.
  84. 1 2 3 "Economic Development Committee Committee of the Council of The Corporation of the City of Brampton" (PDF). City of Brampton. City of Brampton. March 2, 2016. Retrieved 26 March 2016. City of Brampton currently has two formal Sister Cities; Page 7.1-1
  85. "Brampton Global Partnership Agreements" (PDF). City of Brampton. City of Brampton. April 2014. Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 28 November 2016.
  86. 1 2 3 4 5 Criscione, Peter (October 20, 2016). "Brampton Eyes New Relationship With Portuguese City". Brampton Guardian.
  87. 1 2 3 4 5 "Economic Development Committee" (PDF). City of Brampton. 2 March 2016. Retrieved 28 November 2016.
  1. Statistic includes all persons that did not make up part of a visible minority or an indigenous identity.
  2. Statistic includes total responses of "Filipino" and "Southeast Asian" under visible minority section on census.
  3. Statistic includes total responses of "West Asian" and "Arab" under visible minority section on census.
  4. Statistic includes total responses of "Chinese", "Korean", and "Japanese" under visible minority section on census.
  5. Statistic includes total responses of "Visible minority, n.i.e." and "Multiple visible minorities" under visible minority section on census.