Burlington, Ontario

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City of Burlington
Brant Street in Downtown Burlington, Ontario.jpg
Brant Street in Downtown Burlington
Burlington logo.svg
Stand By
Canada Southern Ontario location map 2.png
Red pog.svg
Coordinates: 43°22′12″N79°48′51″W / 43.37000°N 79.81417°W / 43.37000; -79.81417 [1] Coordinates: 43°22′12″N79°48′51″W / 43.37000°N 79.81417°W / 43.37000; -79.81417 [1]
Province Ontario
Region Halton
City status1974
  Mayor Marianne Meed Ward
  Governing Body Burlington City Council
   MPs Karina Gould (Lib), Pam Damoff (Lib), Adam van Koeverden (Lib)
   MPPs Natalie Pierre (PC), Parm Gill (PC), Effie Triantafilopoulos (PC)
  Total185.66 km2 (71.68 sq mi)
74 m (243 ft)
 (2021) [2]
  Total186,948 (Ranked 28th)
  Density946.8/km2 (2,452/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Burlingtonian, Burlingtonite
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
  Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Forward sortation area
Area code(s) 905, 289, 365, and 742
Highways Ontario QEW crown.svg  Queen Elizabeth Way
Ontario 403 crown.svg  Highway 403
Ontario 407 crown.svg  Highway 407
FormerOntario 2 crown.svg  Highway 2 FormerOntario 5 crown.svg  Highway 5
Website www.burlington.ca

Burlington is a city in the Regional Municipality of Halton at the west end of Lake Ontario in Ontario, Canada. Located approximately half way between Toronto and Niagara Falls, it is part of the Greater Toronto Area and Hamilton metropolitan census area.



The Brant Hotel in 1902. Located on the shore of Lake Ontario in Burlington, the hotel was erected on the former homestead of Joseph Brant, and was the largest resort in Canada. The hotel was expropriated and used as a military hospital in 1917, demolished and rebuilt in the 1930s, and then demolished in 1964. Brant Hotel - Burlington, Ontario (1902).jpg
The Brant Hotel in 1902. Located on the shore of Lake Ontario in Burlington, the hotel was erected on the former homestead of Joseph Brant, and was the largest resort in Canada. The hotel was expropriated and used as a military hospital in 1917, demolished and rebuilt in the 1930s, and then demolished in 1964.

Before the 19th century, the area between the provincial capital of York and the township of West Flamborough was home to the Mississauga nation. In 1792, John Graves Simcoe, the first lieutenant governor of Upper Canada, named the western end of Lake Ontario "Burlington Bay" after the town of Bridlington in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England. [4]

The British purchased the land on which Burlington now stands from the Mississaugas in Upper Canada Treaties 3 (1792), 8 (1797), 14 (1806), and 19 (1818). Treaty 8 concerned the purchase of the Brant Tract, 14.0 km2 (3,450 acres) on Burlington Bay which the British granted to Mohawk chief Joseph Brant for his service in the American Revolutionary War. [5] [6] Joseph Brant and his household settled on this tract of land around 1802. [7] Brant is accordingly often referred to as the founder of Burlington, and the city of Burlington still celebrates an annual Joseph Brant Day in early August. [8] [9] Subsequent disputes between the Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation and the Canadian government over payment for the Brant Tract and the Toronto Purchase were settled in 2010 for the sum of $145 million (CAD). [6] [10]

By the turn of the 19th century, the name "Burlington" was already in common use. With the completion of the local survey after the War of 1812, the land was opened for settlement. Early farmers prospered in the Burlington area because the area had fertile soil and moderate temperatures. Produce from the farms was shipped out via the bustling docks of the lakeside villages of Port Nelson and Wellington Square, as well as Brown's Wharf in the nearby village of Port Flamborough (which was to become Aldershot). Lumber taken from the surrounding forests also competed for space on the busy docks. In the latter half of the 19th century, increased wheat production from Western Canada convinced local farmers to switch to fruit and vegetable production.

In 1873, the villages of Wellington Square and Port Nelson merged to become the Village of Burlington which then became the Town of Burlington in 1914. [11] The arrival of large steamships on the Great Lakes made the small docks of the local ports obsolete, and the increased use of railway to ship goods marked the end of the commercial wharves.

Farming still thrived though, and the resultant growth resulted in continued prosperity. By 1906, the town boasted its own newspaper—the Burlington Gazette—as well as a town library and a local rail line that connected Burlington to nearby Hamilton. During the First World War, 300 local men volunteered for duty in the Canadian Expeditionary Force—38 did not return. In 1914, Burlington was incorporated into a town.

As more settlers arrived and cleared the land, cash crops replaced subsistence farming. Gradually, mixed farming and market gardens became the dominant form of agriculture, and in the early 20th century the area was declared the Garden of Canada. The first peaches grown in Canada were cultivated in the Grindstone Creek watershed in the city's south-west part. The farming tradition has passed down through the generations. Today over forty percent of the Grindstone Creek watershed is still devoted to farms, orchards and nurseries. [12]

Following the Second World War, cheap electricity from nearby Niagara Falls and better transportation access due to the new (1939) Queen Elizabeth Way encouraged both light industry and families to move to Burlington. The population skyrocketed as new homes were built, encouraging developers to build even more new homes. On 1 January 1958, Burlington officially annexed most of the Township of Nelson, as well as Aldershot, formerly a part of East Flamborough Township. By 1967, the last cash crop farm within the city had been replaced by the Burlington Centre. [13]

Burlington was the site of the Brant Inn built by the lake in 1917, which became famous during the ’40s and ’50s for showing big-band performers.

By 1974, with a population exceeding 100,000, Burlington was incorporated as a city. The extremely high rate of growth continued, and between 2001 and 2006, the population of Burlington grew by 9%, compared to Canada's overall growth rate of 5.4%. By 2006, the population topped 160,000.


Burlington is at the southwestern end of Lake Ontario, just to the north east of Hamilton and the Niagara Peninsula, roughly in the geographic centre of the urban corridor known as the Golden Horseshoe. Burlington has a land area of 187 km2 (72 sq mi). The main urban area is south of the Parkway Belt and Hwy. 407. The land north of this, and north Aldershot is used primarily for agriculture, rural residential and conservation purposes. The Niagara Escarpment, Lake Ontario and the sloping plain between the escarpment and the lake make up the land area of Burlington. The city is no longer a port; sailing vessels in the area are used for recreational purposes and moor at a 215 slip marina in LaSalle Park.


Burlington's climate is humid continental (Köppen climate classification Dfa) with hot, humid summers and cold and snowy winters. The climate is moderated somewhat by its proximity to Lake Ontario. Monthly mean temperatures range from 22.5 °C (72.5 °F) in July to −4.4 °C (24.1 °F) in January. The average annual precipitation is 763 mm (30.0 in) of rain and 99 cm (39 in) of snow.

Although it shares the continental climate found in Southern Ontario, its proximity to Lake Ontario moderates winter temperatures and it also benefits from a sheltering effect of the Niagara Escarpment, allowing the most northerly tracts of Carolinian forest to thrive on the Escarpment that runs through western sections of city. Several species of flora and fauna usually found only in more southern climes are present in Burlington, including paw-paw, green dragon ( Arisaema dracontium ), tuckahoe ( Peltandra virginica ), American columbo ( Frasera caroliniensis ), wall-rue ( Asplenium ruta-muraria ), plus the Louisiana waterthrush, the hooded warbler, the southern flying squirrel and the rare eastern pipistrelle. Near the visible promontory of Mount Nemo that rises some 200 m (650 ft) above the lake level, a "vertical forest" of white cedar clinging to the Escarpment face includes many small trees that are more than a thousand years old. [14]

Hamilton Harbour, the western end of Lake Ontario, is bounded on its western shore by a large sandbar, now called the Beach strip, that was deposited during the last ice age. A canal bisecting the sandbar allows ships access to the harbour. The Burlington Bay James N. Allan Skyway (part of the Queen Elizabeth Way), and the Canal Lift Bridge allow access over the canal.

Climate data for Burlington TS
Climate ID: 6151064; coordinates 43°20′N79°50′W / 43.333°N 79.833°W / 43.333; -79.833 (Burlington TS) , elevation: 99.1 m (325 ft); 1981–2010 normals, extremes 1866–present [note 1]
Record high °C (°F)18.4
Average high °C (°F)−0.6
Daily mean °C (°F)−4.4
Average low °C (°F)−8.1
Record low °C (°F)−30.6
Average precipitation mm (inches)66.0
Average rainfall mm (inches)31.8
Average snowfall cm (inches)34.2
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm)12.49.611.012.511.810.910.110.210.910.713.911.9135.8
Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm)
Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm)
Source: Environment Canada [15] [16]


1996 136,976+5.7%
2001 150,836+10.1%
2006 164,415+9.0%
2011 175,779+6.9%
2016 183,314+4.3%
2021 186,948+2.0%
[17] [2]

In the 2021 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, Burlington had a population of 186,948 living in 73,180 of its 74,891 total private dwellings, a change of

According to the 2016 census, Burlington's population was 183,314 where 48% of residents were male and 52% female. Minors (individuals up to the age of 19) made up 22.6% of the population (almost identical to the national average of 22.4%), and seniors (age 65+) were 19.2% (higher than the national average of 16.9%). This older population was also reflected in Burlington's median age of 43.3, which was higher than the Canadian median of 41.2. [19]


According to the 2011 Census, 70% of Burlington residents identify as Christian, with Catholics (31.5%) making up the largest denomination, followed by Anglican (10%), United Church (9.2%), and other denominations. Others identify as Muslim (2%), Hindu (1.1%), Sikh (1%), Buddhist ( 0.4%), Jewish (0.4%), and with other religions. 25% of the population report no religious affiliation. [20]


According to the 2016 Census, the most common mother tongue in Burlington is English (78.7%), followed by French (1.6%), Spanish (1.5%), Polish (1.3%), and Arabic (1.2). The three most commonly known languages are English (99.1%), French (9%), and Spanish (2.5%). [21]

Mother tonguePopulation%
English 142,60578.7
French 2,9701.6
Spanish 2,6801.5
Polish 2,3651.3
Arabic 2,2051.2
Italian 1,8451.0
Punjabi 1,7951.0
German 1,6450.9
Mandarin 1,5550.9
Portuguese 1,5450.9
Tagalog (Filipino) 1,2900.7
Dutch 1,0800.6
Knowledge of languagePopulation%
English 178,54099.1
French 16,1409.0
Spanish 4,4552.5
Polish 2,9201.6
Italian 2,8651.6
Arabic 2,7501.5
German 2,6851.5
Punjabi 2,5651.4
Hindi 2,0551.1
Portuguese 2,0401.1
Mandarin 1,9901.1
Tagalog (Filipino) 1,8301.0


Ethnic origin [22] Population%
English 56,13031.2
Scottish 40,05022.2
Irish 37,16020.6
German 18,64510.4
French 16,5859.2
Italian 14,2357.9
Polish 10,4755.8
Dutch 9,1155.1
Ukrainian 8,1604.5
East Indian 7,2454.0

The 2016 Census records a visible minority of 16%. [23]

The top 11 ethnic origins from the 2016 Census are listed in the accompanying table. Percentages add up to more than 100% because respondents can report more than one ethnicity.

Panethnic groups in the City of Burlington (2001−2021)
2021 [24] 2016 [25] 2011 [26] 2006 [27] 2001 [28]
Pop. %Pop.%Pop.%Pop.%Pop.%
European [lower-alpha 1] 143,180149,320151,195145,720137,575
South Asian 11,9558,6956,3255,0303,235
East Asian [lower-alpha 2] 6,2955,1604,1753,2802,335
Middle Eastern [lower-alpha 3] 5,5103,4952,3851,5551,075
African 4,6703,7952,8302,4502,305
Southeast Asian [lower-alpha 4] 4,0753,5202,2701,550890
Latin American 3,2052,3251,6601,135665
Indigenous 2,3851,9701,5101,070905
Other [lower-alpha 5] 2,6801,8351,135685755
Total responses183,955180,125173,490162,480149,735
Total population186,948183,314175,779164,415150,836


Burlington's economic strength is the diversity of its economic base, mainly achieved because of its geography, proximity to large industries in southern Ontario (Canada's largest consumer market), its location within the Greater Toronto and Hamilton Area (GTHA) and proximity to Hamilton, and its transportation infrastructure including the Port of Hamilton on Burlington Bay. This diversity has allowed for sustained growth with regards to the economy. [29] The city has a robust economy with potential for growth – it is at the hub of the Golden Horseshoe, is largely driven by both the automotive and manufacturing sectors.

No single employer or job sector dominates Burlington's economy. The leading industrial sectors, in terms of employment, are food processing, packaging, electronics, motor vehicle/transportation, business services, chemical/pharmaceutical and environmental. The top five private sector employers in Burlington are Fearmans Pork Inc, Cogeco Cable, Evertz Microsystems, Boehringer Ingelheim and EMC2. Other notable business include The EBF Group, ARGO Land Development, The Sunshine Doughnut Company and TipTapPay Micropayments Ltd. [30] [31] [32] The largest public sector employers in the city are the City of Burlington, the Halton District School Board, the Halton Catholic District School Board and Joseph Brant Hospital.

Burlington Centre and Mapleview Centre are popular malls within the city. The city's summer festivals include Canada's Largest Ribfest, and the Burlington Sound of Music Festival which also attract many visitors.[ citation needed ]

Arts and culture


The Burlington Teen Tour Band has operated in the city since 1947, including members between the ages of 13 and 21. The marching band are regular participants in major international parades. They are also referred to as "Canada's Musical Ambassadors" and have represented Canada all over the world. [33] One such occasion was during the 2018 Tournament of Roses Parade, where the band represented Canada for the fifth time in the band's history. [34] The band is led by Rob Bennett, managing director. [35]

The Junior Redcoats are the younger version of the Teen Tour Band. The band includes children between the ages of 9 to 12. The Junior Redcoats' major performances are most commonly at the Burlington Santa Claus Parade, the Waterdown Santa Claus Parade, the Burlington Performing Arts Centre (along with the Teen Tour Band) and the Sound of Music Parade. They are directed by Caroline Singh. [36]

The Burlington Concert Band has been in operation since 1908. The band, composed of local volunteer musicians, plays a wide variety of musical styles and repertoire. It primarily performs to raise money for charitable causes. The Burlington Concert Band is a participating member of Performing Arts Burlington as well as the Canadian Band Association. The band maintains an open membership policy, allowing anyone who feels they can handle the music competently to join without an audition. Its primary venue has been the Burlington Performing Arts Centre since it opened in 2011. Zoltan Kalman is the former director of the Burlington Concert Band that is led by an elected board headed by Steven Hewis. [37] The current musical director is Joanne Romanow. [38]

The Burlington Symphony Orchestra, formed in 1973, is a community orchestra under the direction of Denis Mastromonaco. [39]


Spencer Smith Park on Burlington's waterfront Spencer Smith Park in Burlington, Ontario.jpg
Spencer Smith Park on Burlington's waterfront

There are 115 parks and 580 hectares (1,400 acres) of parkland in the city. On the shore of Lake Ontario, Spencer Smith Park features a shoreline walking path, an observatory, water jet play area and restaurant. The park includes the Burlington Rotary Centennial Pond, used for model sail boating and ice-skating. Festivals in Spencer Smith Park include Ribfest, the Sound of Music Festival, Canada Day, Children's Festival and Lakeside Festival of Lights.

The Brant Street Pier opened in Spencer Smith Park during the Sound of Music Festival in 2013. [40]

"Royal Canadian Naval Association Naval Memorial" (1995) by Andre Gauthier, Spencer Smith Park WWII Navy Memorial in Spencer Smith Park in Burlington, Ontario.jpg
"Royal Canadian Naval Association Naval Memorial" (1995) by André Gauthier, Spencer Smith Park

The Art Gallery of Burlington contains permanent and temporary exhibits. [41]

Royal Botanical Gardens 20190921T113802 Royal Botanical Gardens National Historic Site of Canada.jpg
Royal Botanical Gardens

"Royal Canadian Naval Association Naval Memorial" (1995), by André Gauthier, is a 1.93 m (6 ft 4 in) high cast bronze statue of a World War II Canadian sailor in Spencer Smith Park. [42]

The Royal Botanical Gardens in Burlington is the largest botanical garden in Canada. Ontario's botanical garden and National Historic Site of Canada features over 11 km2 (2,700 acres) of gardens and nature sanctuaries, including four outdoor display gardens, the Mediterranean Garden under glass, three on-site restaurants, the Gardens' Gift Shop, and festivals.

The Village Square 04Burlington, Ontario, Canada.JPG
The Village Square

Located at The Village Square in Burlington's downtown are historic landmarks, businesses, shopping, and dining area. [43]

Mount Nemo Conservation Area is operated by Conservation Halton. Bronte Creek Provincial Park features a campground and recreational activities.

The local sections of the Bruce Trail and the Niagara Escarpment, which is a UNESCO designated World Biosphere Reserve, provide hiking trails. Kerncliff Park, in a decommissioned quarry on the boundary with Waterdown, is a naturalized area on the lip of the Niagara Escarpment. The Bruce Trail runs through the park, at many points running along the edge of the cliffs, providing an overlook.

The Joseph Brant Museum has exhibits on the history of Burlington, the Eileen Collard Costume Collection, Captain Joseph Brant and the visible storage gallery. Ireland House at Oakridge Farm is a museum depicting family life from the 1850s to the 1920s. Freeman Railway Station (1906) of the Grand Trunk Railway, reopened as an interpretive centre in 2017.[ citation needed ]

Burlington offers four indoor and two outdoor pools, one splash park, nine splash pads, seven arenas and ice centres, six community centres and nine golf courses. [44] The Appleby Ice Centre is a 4-pad arena, used year-round for skating and ice hockey. [45]

The Burlington Performing Arts Centre is a 940-seat facility opened in 2011. [46]

Malls and shopping

Burlington Mall Burlington, Ontario Mall.jpg
Burlington Mall

Burlington Centre is a two-storey mall opened in 1968, and Mapleview Centre is a two-storey mall opened in 1990.[ citation needed ]


Burlington doesn't host any professional teams, though several minor league teams are based in the city.

Burlington Cougars Ice hockey Ontario Junior Hockey League Appleby Ice Centre
Burlington Chiefs Box lacrosse Ontario Junior A Lacrosse League Central Arena
Burlington Jr. Barracudas Ice hockey Provincial Women's Hockey League Mainway Ice Centre
Halton United Soccer Canadian Soccer League Norton Park
Burlington SC Soccer League1 Ontario
Burlington Eagles Ice hockey Ontario Minor Hockey Association
Burlington Bayhawks Soccer League1 Ontario
NEXXICE Synchronized skating Burlington Skating Club, Kitchener Waterloo Skating Club
Burlington Track and Field Club Track and Field Minor Track Association of Ontario, Athletics OntarioLa Salle Park (fall), Tansley Woods Community Centre (winter), Nelson High School (spring and summer)
Appleby Ice Centre is a recreation facility with four ice rinks. Appleby Ice Centre OJHL Game - Burlington, ON.jpg
Appleby Ice Centre is a recreation facility with four ice rinks.

International competition

Burlington, Ontario, founded the Burlington International Games (B.I.G.). The games were first held in 1969 "to offer an athletic and cultural exchange experience for the youth of Burlington".[ citation needed ] Until recently,[ when? ] the games took place between Burlington, Ontario, and Burlington, Vermont, United States. But, other cities from places such as Quebec, Japan, the Netherlands, and the U.S. have all had athletes compete since 1998. [47] The games celebrated their 40th anniversary in 2009 and the competition ceased in 2010 due to limited participation in later years.[ citation needed ]


City Hall, on Brant Street Burlington, Ontario City Hall.jpg
City Hall, on Brant Street
Burlington's six municipal wards Burlington, Ontario ward map.png
Burlington's six municipal wards

Local government

The city is divided into six wards, each represented by a city councillor. The mayor, who chairs the city council, is Marianne Meed Ward.

Council elected for 2018–2022 and entirely re-elected for 2022-2026 [48]

  • Mayor: Marianne Meed Ward
  • Ward 1: Kelvin Galbraith
  • Ward 2: Lisa Kearns
  • Ward 3: Rory Nisan
  • Ward 4: Shawna Stolte
  • Ward 5: Paul Sharman
  • Ward 6: Angelo Bentivegna


Burlington federal election results [49]
Year Liberal Conservative New Democratic Green
2021 45%45,05838%37,87711%10,7212%1,820
2019 48%50,25335%36,62110%10,3246%6,350
Burlington provincial election results [50]
Year PC New Democratic Liberal Green
2022 44%33,23916%11,70031%23,2276%4,566
2018 42%38,12428%24,83924%21,5174%3,952

Federally, the city is represented by three MPs whose ridings cover parts of the city:


Provincially, the city is represented by three MPPs, whose ridings are geographically contiguous with their federal counterparts:



Burlington Transit bus Burlington Transit New Flyer Invero 7009-03.jpg
Burlington Transit bus

Burlington Transit, the public transport provider in the city, provides bus service on a transportation grid centred on three commuter GO Train stations: Appleby, Burlington and Aldershot.

Major transportation corridors through the city include the Queen Elizabeth Way, Highway 403, Highway 407, and Dundas Street (former Highway 5). Commuter rail service is provided by GO Transit at the Appleby GO Station, Burlington GO Station and the Aldershot GO station. Intercity rail service is provided by Via Rail at Aldershot, which also serves Hamilton. Rail cargo transportation is provided by both Canadian National Railway and Canadian Pacific.

Burlington Airpark in the city's north end is a thriving general-aviation without regular commercial passenger flight service. Some charter operations are provided.

On 26 February 2012, a Via Rail train traveling from Niagara Falls to Toronto Union Station derailed in Burlington, with three fatalities. [51]

Emergency services

Halton Regional Police Services car Halton Regional Police Car.JPG
Halton Regional Police Services car

Halton Regional Police Service provides law enforcement. [52]

The Burlington Fire Department offers emergency services from eight fire stations. [53] The services is made up of both career and volunteer fire fighters. [53]

Paramedic services are provided by Halton Region Paramedic Services. [54]

Joseph Brant Memorial Hospital is located in downtown Burlington.


Burlington's public elementary and secondary schools are part of the Halton District School Board. Burlington's Catholic elementary and secondary schools are part of the Halton Catholic District School Board. French public elementary and secondary schools are part of the Conseil scolaire Viamonde and French catholic elementary and secondary schools are part of the Conseil scolaire catholique MonAvenir. Several private schools are also available in the city.

M. M. Robinson High School MM Robinson High School.jpg
M. M. Robinson High School
Nelson High School Nelson High School, Front Office, Oct 2015.jpg
Nelson High School

Elementary schools

There are 29 public elementary schools and 14 Roman Catholic elementary schools in Burlington.

High schools

There are six public high schools and three Catholic high schools in the area.





Online media

BurlingtonToday.com is an online local news source in Burlington, offering the latest breaking news, weather updates, entertainment, sports and business features, obituaries and more.

Several publications are either published in or around Burlington, or have Burlington as one of their main subjects, including Burlington Post and View Magazine .[ citation needed ]


Burlington is part of the Hamilton radio market. One radio station, FM 107.9 CJXY, is licensed to Burlington and another, FM 94.7 CHKX, to "Hamilton/Burlington." Both presently broadcast from studios in Hamilton. Burlington listeners are also served by stations licensed to Toronto, St. Catharines, Niagara Falls and Buffalo, New York.

Television stations

Burlington is primarily served by media based in Toronto (other than those noted below), as it is geographically in the Greater Toronto and Hamilton Area (GTHA).

Notable people

Visual art and writing



TV, film, and stage


Twin cities

Burlington has twin-city relationships with the following cities: [57]

Past city relationships:

Burlington at night

See also


  1. Long term records have been recorded at various climate stations in or nearby Burlington since 1866
  1. Statistic includes all persons that did not make up part of a visible minority or an indigenous identity.
  2. Statistic includes total responses of "Chinese", "Korean", and "Japanese" under visible minority section on census.
  3. Statistic includes total responses of "West Asian" and "Arab" under visible minority section on census.
  4. Statistic includes total responses of "Filipino" and "Southeast Asian" under visible minority section on census.
  5. Statistic includes total responses of "Visible minority, n.i.e." and "Multiple visible minorities" under visible minority section on census.

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Wellington County is a county located in Southwestern Ontario, Canada and is part of the Greater Golden Horseshoe. The county, made up of two towns and five townships, is predominantly rural in nature. However many of the residents in the southern part of the county commute to urban areas such as Guelph, Kitchener, Waterloo, Brampton, Mississauga, Toronto and Hamilton for employment. The northern part of the county is made up of mainly rural farming communities, except for a few larger towns such as Mount Forest and Arthur. According to the 2021 census, the population of the county was 241,026.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">County of Brant</span> City in Ontario, Canada

The County of Brant is a single-tier municipality in the Canadian province of Ontario. Although it retains the word "county" in its name, the municipality is a single-tier municipal government and has no upper tier. The County of Brant has service offices in Burford, Paris, Oakland, Onondaga and St. George. The largest population centre is Paris.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Haldimand County</span> City in Ontario, Canada

Haldimand County is a rural city-status single-tier municipality on the Niagara Peninsula in Southern Ontario, Canada, on the north shore of Lake Erie, and on the Grand River. Despite its name, it is no longer a county by definition, as all municipal services are handled by a single level of government. Municipal offices are located in Cayuga.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Norfolk County, Ontario</span> City in Ontario, Canada

Norfolk County is a rural single-tier municipality on the north shore of Lake Erie in Southwestern Ontario, Canada with a 2016 population of 67,490. Despite its name, it is no longer a county by definition, as all municipal services are handled by a single level of government. The largest community in Norfolk County is Simcoe, whose 2016 population was 13,922. The other population centres are Port Dover, Delhi, Waterford and Port Rowan, and there are many smaller communities. For several years in the late 20th century, the county was merged with Haldimand County but the merged entity was dissolved in 2000.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Regional Municipality of Halton</span> Regional municipality in Ontario, Canada

The Regional Municipality of Halton, or Halton Region, is a regional municipality in Ontario, Canada, located in the Golden Horseshoe of Southern Ontario. It comprises the city of Burlington and the towns of Oakville, Milton, and Halton Hills. Policing in the Region is provided by the Halton Regional Police Service. The regional council's headquarters are located in Oakville. Burlington and Oakville are largely urban and suburban, while the towns of Milton and Halton Hills are more rural.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Filipino Canadians</span> Ethnic group

Filipino Canadians are Canadians of Filipino descent. Filipino Canadians are the fourth largest subgroup of the overseas Filipinos and one of the fastest-growing groups in Canada.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ancaster—Dundas—Flamborough—Westdale</span> Federal electoral district in Ontario, Canada

Ancaster—Dundas—Flamborough—Westdale was a federal electoral district in Ontario, Canada, that has been represented in the House of Commons of Canada from 2004 until the electoral boundaries were redrawn for the 2015 election.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Stoney Creek, Ontario</span> Dissolved city in Ontario, Canada

Stoney Creek is a community in the city of Hamilton in the Canadian province of Ontario. It was officially a city from 1984 to 2001, when it was amalgamated with the rest of the cities of the Regional Municipality of Hamilton–Wentworth.

Royal Botanical Gardens (RBG) is headquartered in Burlington owning extensive environmental protection areas, historic sites and culturally relevant gardens in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. It is one of the major tourist attractions between Niagara Falls and Toronto, as well as a significant local and regional horticultural, education, conservation, and scientific resource. The mandate is derived by a Provincial Act of 1941 centred on human interaction with the natural world and protection of environmentally significant lands that form the western tip of Lake Ontario. Royal Botanical Gardens spans an area of about 10 km by 4 km, dominated by two coastal wetlands, and glacial-carved landscapes that extend from the lake up to the Niagara Escarpment plateau. The various gardens and natural areas are accessed through nine public entrance locations. It is one of several Prescribed Public Bodies listed under the Ontario Heritage Act.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Burlington (electoral district)</span> Federal electoral district in Ontario, Canada

Burlington is a federal electoral district in Halton Region, Ontario, Canada, that has been represented in the House of Commons of Canada since 1979.


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