Wawea

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Wawea
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Phylum: Ascomycota
Class: Lecanoromycetes
Order: Lecanorales
Family: Arctomiaceae
Genus:Wawea
Henssen & Kantvilas
Type species
Wawea fruticulosa
Henssen & Kantvilas

Wawea is a lichenized genus of fungi within the Arctomiaceae family. [1] This is a monotypic genus, containing the single species Wawea fruticulosa. [2]

Lichen Composite of algae or cyanobacteria with fungi

A lichen is a composite organism that arises from algae or cyanobacteria living among filaments of multiple fungi species in a mutualistic relationship. The combined lichen has properties different from those of its component organisms. Lichens come in many colors, sizes, and forms. The properties are sometimes plant-like, but lichens are not plants. Lichens may have tiny, leafless branches (fruticose), flat leaf-like structures (foliose), flakes that lie on the surface like peeling paint (crustose), a powder-like appearance (leprose), or other growth forms.

A genus is a taxonomic rank used in the biological classification of living and fossil organisms, as well as viruses, in biology. In the hierarchy of biological classification, genus comes above species and below family. In binomial nomenclature, the genus name forms the first part of the binomial species name for each species within the genus.

The Arctomiaceae are a family of lichenized fungi in the Ascomycota, class Lecanorales. The family was named by Theodor Magnus Fries in 1861. Species in this family are found in arctic and subarctic habitats, usually associated with bryophytes.

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References

  1. Lumbsch TH, Huhndorf SM (December 2007). "Outline of Ascomycota – 2007". Myconet. Chicago, USA: The Field Museum, Department of Botany. 13: 1–58.
  2. Henssen A, Kantvilas G (1985). "Wawea fruticulosa, a new genus and species from the Southern Hemisphere". Lichenologist. 17 (1): 85–97. doi:10.1017/s0024282985000093.