|Z. c. cynarae and Z. c. turatii in Seitz|
Zygaena cynarae is a species of moth in the Zygaenidae family. It is found from France east to Russia.
It is a large Zygaena with translucent wings with oval or rounded red spots. The anterior median spot is well developed.The basal posterior and median posterior spots are large and linked with a red line which can be missing in some specimens.The wingspan is about 30–31 mm.
Z. cynarae Exp. (= millefolii Esp.) 5-spotted, the body entirely without hairs, with metallic green gloss; wings very sparsely scaled, the colour appearing pale. The abdomen bears a red ring which is more distinct at the sides than above. In ab. turatii Stdf. [now subspecies] the abdominal belt is entirely missing above, appearing only as a lateral spot; North Italy, Dalmatia; near Pegli, at the Riviera, I met constantly with this form, while it occurs elsewhere only sparingly among the type-form. — ab. tricingulata Burgeff [ synonym of cynarae ] has 3 abdominal belts, which, however, are usually red only above and laterally, not below. —. In genistae H.-Sch. (= dahurica H.-Sch. ), from South France, Hungary and the Tyrol, the forewing is paler and more transparent. — centaureae Fisch.-Wald. [now full species Zygaena centaureae ] has a stronger antenna and the 5th spot is prolonged towards the hind angle. — Larva greenish above, yellowish grey at the sides ; subdorsal black dots, near which there are yellow spots; head greyish green.
Adults are on wing from mid May to July.
The larvae feed on Peucedanum species, including Peucedanum cervaria .Part of the larvae overwinter multiple times. Full-grown larvae can be found from April to the beginning of June.
It is a very local and sedentary species, which requires dense colonies of its hostplant. They are sluggish and clumsy insects; the individuals occur more singly, there being apparently no decided flight-places as is the case with other Burnets.
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Zygaena is a genus of moths in the family Zygaenidae. These brightly coloured, day-flying moths are native to the West Palearctic.
Zygaena carniolica, sometimes described as the crepuscular burnet or eastern burnet, is a member of the family Zygaenidae.
Zygaena ephialtes is day flying species of burnet moth found in Europe. It is typically found in xeric habitats, and populations have recently decreased. It also exhibits Müllerian mimicry with other species, like Amata phegea.
Zygaena laeta, the bloodword burnet, is a moth of the family Zygaenidae. It is found in Central and South-Eastern Europe.In Z. laeta the collar and patagia as well as the apical half of the abdomen are red: also the wings are testaceous red except some black spots on the forewing. Larva of light bluish green, with while dorsal and lateral lines, along which there are blackdots. Pupa yellow, anteriorly dark brown, in a whitish cocoon. The wingspan is 26–34 mm.
Zygaena lonicerae, the narrow-bordered five-spot burnet, is a moth of the family Zygaenidae. The species was first described by Theodor Gottlieb von Scheven in 1777.
Zygaena fraxini is a moth of the family Zygaenidae.It is a Palearctic confined to Western Asia.
Zygaena purpuralis, the transparent burnet, is a moth of the family Zygaenidae.
Zygaena occitanica, the Provence burnet, is a moth of the Zygaenidae family. It is found from the Algarve and southern Spain up to the eastern parts of the Cantabrian Mountains then to southern Russia and the Caucasus and east to the western fringe of Central Asia.
Earophila badiata, the shoulder stripe, is a moth of the family Geometridae. The species was first described by Michael Denis and Ignaz Schiffermüller in 1775. It is found from most of Europe and North Africa to the Altai Mountains in the east Palearctic.
Zygaena romeo is a moth of the Zygaenidae family.
Zygaena sarpedon is a moth of the Zygaenidae family. It is found in France, Italy and on the Iberian Peninsula.
Zygaena hilaris is a species of moth in the family Zygaenidae.
Zygaena brizae is a species of moth in the Zygaenidae family. It is found in France, Italy, Austria, the Czech Republic, Poland, Slovakia, Hungary, the Balkan Peninsula, Moldova, Ukraine, Russia and Georgia.
Zygaena erythrus, common name sluggish burnet, is a species of moth in the family Zygaenidae.
Zygaena punctum is a species of moth in the family Zygaenidae. It is found in Poland, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Austria, Slovenia, Italy, the Balkan Peninsula, Moldova, Ukraine, Russia and Turkey.
Zygaena anthyllidis is a species of moth in the Zygaenidae family. It is found in France and Spain.
Zygaena rhadamanthus is a species of moth in the Zygaenidae family. It is found in France, Spain, Portugal and Italy.
Zygaena magiana is a species of moth in the Zygaenidae family. It is found in Central Asia.
Zygaena favonia is a species of moth in the Zygaenidae family. It is found in the Atlas mountains, .In Seitz it is described Z. favonia Frr. (4g). This form belongs to a group of North African Burnets the pattern of the forewings of which reminds one much of the preceding species [ Zygaena sarpedon, while the abdomen is red from the middle nearly to the tip, which gives the insect a characteristic aspect and renders it easy to recognize even when it flies quickly past. The whole of Mauretania, everywhere common — ab. vitrina Stgr. (4g) [ now Z. favonia ssp. valentini Bruand, 1846], which I found only at very limited localities, for instance near Constantine and at the cemetery-wall near Batna, is easily differentiated by the transparent wings. -ab. staudingeri Aust. (4f) [ now Z favonia Freyer, 1844] is similar, but has only a narrow abdominal belt, so that one might mistake the for a small loyselis, if it did not lack the red collar of the latter. — The insect described by Bruand as valentini [ now Z. favonia ssp. valentini Bruand, 1846], in which the red spots are enlarged, may possibly belong to an analogous favonia-form. — The finest form of this group is thevestis Stgr. [now Z. favonia ssp. thevestis Staudinger, 1887 (4f), in which there is a large lobate subapical patch. — All these varieties occur all over Mauretania, on hills, in dry beds of rivulets, and on waste ground. The commonest form is favonia, which is found in June on nearly all the thistles growing at the road-sides and in the fields. The females have an extraordinarily thick body, and apparently scarcely take to the wing before copulation.