Zygaena cynarae

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Zygaena cynarae
Diegrossschmette02seit 0017.jpg
Z. c. cynarae and Z. c. turatii in Seitz
Scientific classification
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Species:
Z. cynarae
Binomial name
Zygaena cynarae
(Esper, 1789)
Synonyms
  • Sphinx cynaraeEsper, 1789
  • Sphinx veronicaeBorkhausen, 1789
  • Sphinx millefoliiBorkhausen, 1789
  • Sphinx cinaraeEsper, 1800
  • Zygaena uralensisHerrich-Schäffer, 1846
  • Zygaena genistaeHerrich-Schäffer, 1846
  • Zygaena gobertiLe Charles, 1952
  • Zygaena slovakicaReiss, 1968
  • Zygaena turatii Standfuss, 1892

Zygaena cynarae is a species of moth in the Zygaenidae family. It is found from France east to Russia. [1]

Contents

It is a large Zygaena with translucent wings with oval or rounded red spots. The anterior median spot is well developed.The basal posterior and median posterior spots are large and linked with a red line which can be missing in some specimens.The wingspan is about 30–31 mm. [2]

Technical description and variation (Seitz)

Z. cynarae Exp. (= millefolii Esp.) 5-spotted, the body entirely without hairs, with metallic green gloss; wings very sparsely scaled, the colour appearing pale. The abdomen bears a red ring which is more distinct at the sides than above. In ab. turatii Stdf. [now subspecies] the abdominal belt is entirely missing above, appearing only as a lateral spot; North Italy, Dalmatia; near Pegli, at the Riviera, I met constantly with this form, while it occurs elsewhere only sparingly among the type-form. — ab. tricingulata Burgeff [ synonym of cynarae ] has 3 abdominal belts, which, however, are usually red only above and laterally, not below. —. In genistae H.-Sch. (= dahurica H.-Sch. ), from South France, Hungary and the Tyrol, the forewing is paler and more transparent. — centaureae Fisch.-Wald. [now full species Zygaena centaureae ] has a stronger antenna and the 5th spot is prolonged towards the hind angle. — Larva greenish above, yellowish grey at the sides ; subdorsal black dots, near which there are yellow spots; head greyish green. [3]

Biology

Adults are on wing from mid May to July.

The larvae feed on Peucedanum species, including Peucedanum cervaria . [4] Part of the larvae overwinter multiple times. Full-grown larvae can be found from April to the beginning of June.

It is a very local and sedentary species, which requires dense colonies of its hostplant. They are sluggish and clumsy insects; the individuals occur more singly, there being apparently no decided flight-places as is the case with other Burnets.

Subspecies

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Zygaena favonia is a species of moth in the Zygaenidae family. It is found in the Atlas mountains, .In Seitz it is described Z. favonia Frr. (4g). This form belongs to a group of North African Burnets the pattern of the forewings of which reminds one much of the preceding species [ Zygaena sarpedon, while the abdomen is red from the middle nearly to the tip, which gives the insect a characteristic aspect and renders it easy to recognize even when it flies quickly past. The whole of Mauretania, everywhere common — ab. vitrina Stgr. (4g) [ now Z. favonia ssp. valentini Bruand, 1846], which I found only at very limited localities, for instance near Constantine and at the cemetery-wall near Batna, is easily differentiated by the transparent wings. -ab. staudingeri Aust. (4f) [ now Z favonia Freyer, 1844] is similar, but has only a narrow abdominal belt, so that one might mistake the for a small loyselis, if it did not lack the red collar of the latter. — The insect described by Bruand as valentini [ now Z. favonia ssp. valentini Bruand, 1846], in which the red spots are enlarged, may possibly belong to an analogous favonia-form. — The finest form of this group is thevestis Stgr. [now Z. favonia ssp. thevestis Staudinger, 1887 (4f), in which there is a large lobate subapical patch. — All these varieties occur all over Mauretania, on hills, in dry beds of rivulets, and on waste ground. The commonest form is favonia, which is found in June on nearly all the thistles growing at the road-sides and in the fields. The females have an extraordinarily thick body, and apparently scarcely take to the wing before copulation.

References

  1. Fauna Europaea
  2. lepiforum.de
  3. Seitz, A., 1913, in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 6: 22.,The Macrolepidoptera of the Palearctic Fauna 2. Volume: The Palearctic Bombyces & Sphinges. pdf PD-icon.svgThis article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  4. Schmetterlinge und ihre Ökologie