1884 in Canadian football

Last updated
1884 in Canadian football
Playoffs
ORFU Champions Toronto Football Club
QRFU Champions Montreal Football Club
1884 Dominion Championship
DateNovember 6, 1884
Site Toronto, Ontario
ChampionsMontreal Football Club
  1883 Canadian Football Seasons 1885  

The 1884 Canadian football season was the second season since the creation of the Ontario Rugby Football Union (ORFU) and the Quebec Rugby Football Union (QRFU) in 1883 and the first since the re-establishment of the Canadian Rugby Football Union (CRFU). [1] The season was highlighted by the first ever Rugby Football Dominion Championship where the Montreal Football Club defeated the Toronto Football Club by a score of 30 to 0. [2] [3] [4]

Contents

Canadian football news in 1884

On February 7, 1884, the Canadian Rugby Football Union was formed to provide a regulatory body for Rugby Football in Canada along with establishing a national championship game. [1] [5] The QRFU adopted a point based system this year, adopting the ORFU model, as opposed to the previous year where they recorded the number of trys and goals scored. [6]

QRFU results

QRFU First Round
October 11, 1884 - Montreal, Quebec [7]
Montreal Football Club 14–2Britannia Football Club
October 11, 1884 - Lennoxville, Quebec [7]
McGill College 50–0 Bishop's College
QRFU Second Round
October 18, 1884 - Montreal, Quebec [8]
Montreal Football Club21–0McGill College
QRFU Friendly
October 25, 1884 - Montreal, Quebec [9]
Britannia Football Club16–0McGill College

Quebec Challenge Cup

The Montreal Football Club and the Britannia Football Club played for the Quebec Challenge Cup. The teams proved evenly matched with Montreal only scoring one rouge in the entire game while the Brits did not score. [10] Since Montreal did not record enough points, the game ended in a draw. [10] Because Britannia was not able to defeat Montreal, Montreal retained their Quebec title and were declared the champions of Quebec. [10] [11]

QRFU Final
November 1, 1884 - Montreal, Quebec [10]
Montreal Football Club1–0Britannia Football Club
Montreal retains the QRFU championship by draw [10]

ORFU results

At the beginning of the season, 14 Ontario rugby clubs were eligible to compete for the Ontario Challenge Cup. [12] Five of these clubs either did not participate or forfeited immediately. [12] The remaining nine teams competed in a series of sudden death matches until one undefeated team remained, being named the Ontario Rugby Challenge Cup champion. [13] [14]

ORFU First Round [12] [14]
October 11, 1884 - Strathroy, Ontario [15]
Strathroy Football Club20–2London Football Club
October 11, 1884 - Peterborough, Ontario [15]
Toronto Football Club 29–8Peterborough Football Club
October 11, 1884 - Kingston, Ontario [15]
Kingston, Queen's 4–0 Kingston, R. M. C.
Did not play, advanced to second round [12]
Ottawa Football Club 1–0 Kingston Football Club (defaulted)
Hamilton Football Club Bye
Toronto University Bye
ORFU Second Round [12]
October 18, 1884 - Hamilton, Ontario [16]
Hamilton Football Club6–4Strathroy Football Club
October 18, 1884 - Toronto, Ontario [16]
Toronto Football Club24–0Toronto University
October 19, 1884 - Ottawa, Ontario [17]
Ottawa Football Club19–7Kingston, Queen's
ORFU Third Round
October 25, 1884 - Hamilton, Ontario [18]
Toronto Football Club24–4Hamilton Football Club
Ottawa Football ClubBye

Ontario Challenge Cup

Prior to the scheduled final between Toronto and Ottawa, Ottawa declared forfeit due to seven of their players being unable to make the trip to Toronto. [19] Given the short notice, since the Toronto club received the telegram one day before the scheduled match, the integrity of the Ottawa club was questioned since they had at least 35 members and appeared reluctant to send a replacement team that would only lose. [19] Since tickets had been paid for, Toronto attempted to schedule a match with Hamilton, but were refused due to the justifiably short notice. Consequently, the Toronto Football Club were Ontario Challenge Cup champions due to Ottawa's forfeit. [13] [19]

ORFU Final
Scheduled for November 1, 1884 - Toronto, Ontario [12] [14]
Toronto Football Club 1–0 Ottawa Football Club (defaulted)
Toronto won the ORFU championship by forfeit [12] [19]

Dominion Championship

1884 Dominion Championship
November 6, 1884 - University of Toronto Lawn - Toronto, Ontario
Montreal Football Club30–0Toronto Football Club
Montreal won the first ever Canadian Dominion Football Championship [3] [4] [20]

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The Ontario Rugby Football Union (ORFU) was an early amateur Canadian football league. As its name implies, it comprised teams in the Canadian province of Ontario. The ORFU was founded on Saturday, January 6, 1883 and in 1903 became the first major competition to adopt the Burnside rules, from which the modern Canadian football code would evolve.

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The Quebec Rugby Football Union (QRFU) was a football league consisting of teams from Quebec and formed in 1883. Eastern Ontario teams like Ottawa City and Ottawa College joined in 1894.

The Hamilton Tigers were a Canadian football team based in Hamilton, Ontario that played in the Ontario Rugby Football Union from 1883 to 1906 and 1948 to 1949 and in the Interprovincial Rugby Football Union from 1907 to 1947. The club was a founding member of both the ORFU in 1883 and the IRFU in 1907. Throughout their history, the Tigers won five Grey Cup Championships and two Dominion Championships, including the 1908 title, the year before the Grey Cup was first awarded. After struggling to compete on a sound financial level with the Hamilton Wildcats, who had joined the ORFU in 1941 and later the IRFU, the two clubs merged in 1950 to form the Hamilton Tiger-Cats.

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The Montreal Football Club was a Canadian football team based in Montreal, Quebec that played in the Quebec Rugby Football Union from 1883 to 1906 and in the Interprovincial Rugby Football Union from 1907 to 1915. The club was a founding member of the QRFU and played in the first football game in Quebec in 1872. The club was dominant in Quebec, winning 12 of the 24 QRFU titles in the years that they played in that league. Montreal also won the first Canadian Dominion Football Championship in 1884, a predecessor of the Grey Cup and again won the championship in their first season in the IRFU in 1907.

The 1909 Canadian football season was the 18th season of organized play since the Canadian Rugby Union (CRU) was founded in 1892 and the 26th season since the creation of the founding leagues, the Ontario Rugby Football Union (ORFU) and the Quebec Rugby Football Union (QRFU) in 1883. The season concluded with Toronto Varsity defeating Toronto Parkdale in the 1909 Dominion Championship game. This year was notable for being the first year that the champions were awarded the Grey Cup trophy, although it was not delivered to the University of Toronto until March 1910.

The 1908 Canadian football season was the 17th season of organized play since the Canadian Rugby Union (CRU) was founded in 1892 and the 26th season since the creation of the Ontario Rugby Football Union (ORFU) and the Quebec Rugby Football Union (QRFU) in 1883. The season concluded with the Hamilton Tigers defeating the Toronto University team in the 1908 Dominion Championship game.

The 1907 Canadian football season was the 16th season of organized play since the Canadian Rugby Union (CRU) was founded in 1892 and the 25th season since the creation of the Ontario Rugby Football Union (ORFU) and the Quebec Rugby Football Union (QRFU) in 1883. This year also marked the first for the Interprovincial Rugby Football Union, which is a predecessor of the modern day's CFL East Division. The season concluded with the Montreal Football Club defeating Peterboro in the 1907 Dominion Championship game.

The 1906 Canadian football season was the 15th season of organized play since the Canadian Rugby Union (CRU) was founded in 1892 and the 24th season since the creation of the Ontario Rugby Football Union (ORFU) and the Quebec Rugby Football Union (QRFU) in 1883. The season concluded with the Hamilton Tigers defeating the McGill University Seniors in the 1906 Dominion Championship game.

The 1905 Canadian football season was the 14th season of organized play since the Canadian Rugby Union (CRU) was founded in 1892 and the 23rd season since the creation of the Ontario Rugby Football Union (ORFU) and the Quebec Rugby Football Union (QRFU) in 1883. The season concluded with the Toronto University team defeating the Ottawa Rough Riders in the 1905 Dominion Championship game.

The 1907 Dominion Championship was a Canadian football game that was played on November 30, 1907 at McGill University in Montreal, Quebec that determined the Senior Rugby Football champion of Canada for the 1907 season. This was the first championship game to feature the newly-created Interprovincial Rugby Football Union (IRFU) champion, which was the Montreal Football Club. Montreal defeated the Ontario Rugby Football Union (ORFU) champion Peterborough Club in a 71–10 blowout victory to win their second Canadian Championship. This was the eighth appearance in the title game for Montreal and the first and only appearance for Peterborough. Notably, referee Russell Britton admitted after the game that there was a scoring error when a touch-in-goal was given to Montreal when it should have counted as a try. While the score should have been 75–10, it was officially recorded as 71–10. This was the highest scoring Dominion championship/Grey Cup in Canadian football history.

The 1906 Dominion Championship was a Canadian football game that was played on December 1, 1906, between the Hamilton Tigers and the McGill University Seniors, that determined the Senior Rugby Football champion of Canada. The Ontario Rugby Football Union champion Tigers defeated the Canadian Intercollegiate Rugby Football Union champion McGill squad 29–3 to their first Dominion Championship. This was the second appearance in the title game for the Tigers with the first coming in 1897. This was the first and only appearance of a McGill team in the Dominion Championship game.

The 1905 Dominion Championship was a Canadian football game that was played on November 25, 1905 at Rosedale Field in Toronto, Ontario that determined the Senior Rugby Football champion of Canada for the 1905 season. The Canadian Intercollegiate Rugby Football Union (CIRFU) champion Toronto University team defeated the Quebec Rugby Football Union (QRFU) champion Ottawa Rough Riders in an 11–9 comeback victory to win their second Dominion Championship. This was the third appearance in the title game for Varsity and the fourth appearance for the Rough Riders while also being their first loss in the championship game.

The 1884 Rugby Football Championship of the Dominion was a Canadian football game that determined the Senior Rugby Football champion of Canada for the 1884 season. The game was played on Thanksgiving Day on November 6, 1884 on the University lawn at the University of Toronto in Toronto, Ontario. The Quebec Rugby Football Union (QRFU) champion Montreal Football Club defeated the Ontario Rugby Football Union (ORFU) champion Toronto Football Club with a 30–0 victory in the first ever game to decide a national champion, as directed by the Canadian Rugby Football Union.

References

  1. 1 2 "Canadian Rugby Football Union Formed in Montreal". The Toronto Mail. November 7, 1884. p. 6 of 8. Retrieved July 11, 2020.
  2. Brunt, Stephen (20 September 2012). 100 Grey Cups. ISBN   9780771017445 . Retrieved July 11, 2020.
  3. 1 2 "The Rugby Championship of Canada Won by Montreal". The Toronto Mail. November 7, 1884. p. 6 of 8. Retrieved July 11, 2020.
  4. 1 2 "Montreal Wins the Football Championship". The Montreal Gazette. November 7, 1884. p. 8 of 8. Retrieved July 11, 2020.
  5. Speers, Ian. "1884" (PDF). Football Canada . Retrieved July 11, 2020.
  6. Sproule, Robert. "The Quebec Rugby Football Union 1883-1906 – Part 1" (PDF). Pro Football Researchers. Retrieved July 11, 2020.
  7. 1 2 "Montreal and McGill College victors in football". The Montreal Gazette. October 13, 1884. p. 5 of 16. Retrieved July 12, 2020.
  8. "McGill Defeated by Montreal Football Team". The Montreal Gazette. October 20, 1884. p. 8 of 8. Retrieved July 12, 2020.
  9. "The Cadets, Montreal and McGill Footballers Defeated". The Montreal Gazette. October 27, 1884. p. 8 of 8. Retrieved July 13, 2020.
  10. 1 2 3 4 5 "Montreal vs Britannia". The Montreal Gazette. November 3, 1884. p. 8 of 8. Retrieved July 12, 2020.
  11. "Montreal vs Toronto". The Montreal Gazette. November 5, 1884. p. 8 of 8. Retrieved July 12, 2020.
  12. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 "The contest for the Ontario Cup for 1884". The Toronto Mail. November 4, 1884. p. 6 of 8. Retrieved July 12, 2020.
  13. 1 2 "The Ontario Union". The Montreal Gazette. November 6, 1884. p. 8 of 8. Retrieved July 11, 2020.
  14. 1 2 3 "1884 season". cflapedia.com. Retrieved July 11, 2020.
  15. 1 2 3 "Toronto defeats the Peterboro's by 29 points to 8". The Toronto Mail. October 13, 1884. p. 6 of 8. Retrieved July 13, 2020.
  16. 1 2 "Victory of the champions by twenty-four points to nothing - good play all round". The Toronto Mail. October 20, 1884. p. 6 of 8. Retrieved July 12, 2020.
  17. "Ottawa too much for Queen's University". The Toronto Mail. October 21, 1884. p. 7 of 9. Retrieved July 12, 2020.
  18. "Victory of the Toronto fifteen by 24 points to 4". The Toronto Mail. October 27, 1884. p. 6 of 8. Retrieved July 12, 2020.
  19. 1 2 3 4 "Note and comment". The Toronto Mail. November 3, 1884. p. 6 of 8. Retrieved July 12, 2020.
  20. "Football". The Montreal Gazette. November 15, 1884. p. 8 of 8. Retrieved July 13, 2020.